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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 382: 121091, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472465

RESUMO

In this study, we proposed to apply an integrated process which is comprised of in situ ozonation, ceramic membrane filtration (CMF) and biologically active carbon (BAC) filtration to wastewater reclamation for indirect potable reuse purpose. A pilot-scale (20 m3/d) experiment had been run for ten months to validate the prospect of the process in terms of treatment performance and operational stability. Results showed that the in situ O3 + CMF + BAC process performed well in pollutant removal, with chemical oxygen demand, ammonia, nitrate nitrogen, total phosphorus and turbidity levels in the treated water being 5.1 ±â€¯0.9, 0.05 ±â€¯0.01, 10.5 ±â€¯0.8, <0.06 mg/L, and <0.10 NTU, respectively. Most detected trace organic compounds were degraded by>96%. This study demonstrated that synergistic effects existed in the in situ O3 + CMF + BAC process. Compared to pre-ozonation, in situ ozonation in the membrane tank was more effective in controlling membrane fouling (maintaining operational stability) and in degrading organic pollutants, which could be attributed to the higher residual ozone concentration in the tank. Because of the removal of particulate matter by CMF, water head loss of the BAC filter increased slowly and prolonged the backwashing interval to 30 days. BAC filtration was also effective in removing ammonia and N-nitrosodimethylamine from the ozonated water.

2.
J Proteomics ; 210: 103532, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31629056

RESUMO

Saliva has become one of the more attractive body fluids for protein biomarker discovery studies because of its ease of collection, non-invasiveness and multiple samples can be collected from an individual at a single time point. With the development of modern data acquisition strategies, such as Sequential Window Acquisition of all Theoretical Mass Spectrometry (SWATH-MS), the quality of saliva sample preparation has become a crucial factor for a successful protein identification and quantification. Several sample preparation methods have been proposed, but there has been no systematic evaluation conducted to date that compared each of these methods. We have therefore, performed an extensive assessment using technical and biological repeats to evaluate the number of protein IDs and repeatability of three most commonly used techniques, in-solution digestion, filter-aided sample preparation (FASP) and in stage-tip (iST) digestion. We discovered that in the case of human saliva sample, FASP provided the highest number of proteins (human and microbial) identifiable from a pool saliva sample, and there were no significant differences in terms of repeatability among the three methods investigated.

3.
Ultrasonics ; 100: 105990, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479968

RESUMO

Through-mask electrochemical micromachining (TMEMM) is the primary method to fabricate micro pits with controlled size, location, and density. In order to improve the machining localization and deep etching capability in TMEMM process, a novel method which combined megasonic vibration to TMEMM process is presented in this paper. Firstly, the coupling relationship between sound field, gas-liquid two-phase flow field and electrolytic process was theoretically analyzed. Theoretical analysis results indicate that acoustic wave agitation can promote the electrolytic process by increasing the conductivity of the electrolyte. Based on this theory, a numerical simulation method was used to predict anodic profiles under different megasonic intensity. The simulation results show that the addition of megasonic agitation can obviously improve the machining localization and deep etching capability in TMEMM process. Etching depth of the micro pit increased from 48.22 µm to 77.98 µm with megasonic agitation compared to the without megasonic one. Depth-diameter ratio of the micro pit increased from 0.30 to 0.45. Meanwhile, the etching factor (EF) increased from 1.55 to 2.10. Then, a megasonic electrolyser at 1 MHz was set up, micro pits were etched under different megasionc intensity. The experiment results show that megasonic assisted through-mask electrochemical micromachining (MA-TMEMM) had best process performance when it worked with the increase of megasionc intensity. When the megasonic intensity was 8 W/cm2, micro pits with average diameter of 167.77 µm and 79.62 µm in depth were successfully fabricated. The average depth-diameter ratio of the micro pits was as high as 0.47, and the EF was as high as 2.35. The working mechanism of megasonic in MA-TMEMM process was analyzed too.

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 112332, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669443

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dahuang Zhechong pill (DHZCP) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of hepatocarcinoma. AIM OF THE STUDY: Previous studies have found that DHZCP can exert anti-hepatocarcinoma effects and reverse drug resistance by inhibiting energy metabolism. The goal of this study was to further explore the pharmacodynamic substances that inhibit energy metabolism. METHODS: The components of DHZCP absorbed into plasma were identified by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. The Swiss and STITCH databases were used for target collection. The DAVID database was used for pathway enrichment analysis. Cytoscape software was used for network construction. The CCK-8 method detected cell viability. Chemiluminescence was used to detect ATP levels. RESULTS: A total of 89 components absorbed into plasma were identified by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. Based on this, 24 potential pharmacodynamic substances were selected by network pharmacology. Among them, 11 components such as rhein can significantly inhibit ATP levels. CONCLUSIONS: Rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, hypoxanthine, baicalein, baicalin, wogonoside, acteoside, formononetin, isoliquiritigenin, and glycyrrhizic acid were the pharmacodynamic substances responsible for inhibition of energy metabolism of DHZCP.

5.
Res Vet Sci ; 128: 1-8, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706217

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to identify the molecular characteristics of a chymotrypsin-like enzyme from Trichinella spiralis (Tschy) and its facilitation of larval penetration into enteral epithelial cells (EECs). The complete Tschy cDNA sequence was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21. RT-PCR, IIFA and western blotting showed that Tschy was expressed at the T. spiralis muscle larvae (ML), intestinal infective L1 larvae (IL1), adult worms (AW) and embryo stages and was primarily located in the stichosome of this parasite. The results of ELISA, IIFA and Far-western assays showed that there was a specific binding between rTschy and EECs, and the binding was dependent on the dose of both rTschy and EEC proteins. Confocal microscopy demonstrated that the binding was located in the EEC cytoplasm. rTschy facilitated T. spiralis larval penetration of EECs, and anti-rTschy antibodies impeded the larval intrusion of EECs. These results demonstrate that Tschy facilitated the larval intrusion of the host's enteral epithelium and could be a candidate molecular target for vaccine against the enteral invasive phase of T. spiralis.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(12): 890, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767831

RESUMO

Kindlin-2 plays an important role in the regulation of cardiac structure and function. Depletion of Kindlin-2 contributes to cardiac hypertrophy and progressive heart failure, however, the precise mechanisms involved in this process remain unclear. GATA4 is a critical transcription factor in regulating cardiogenesis. We found that Kindlin-2 suppresses the expression of GATA4 through binding to its promoter and prevents cardiomyocytes from hypertrophy induced by isoproterenol (ISO) treatment. Mechanistically, Kindlin-2 interacts with histone methyltransferase SUV39H1 and recruits it to GATA4 promoter leading to the occupancy of histone H3K9 di- and tri-methylation. Furthermore, to confirm the function of Kindlin-2 in vivo, we generated mice with targeted deletion of cardiac Kindlin-2. We found that 6-month-old Kindlin-2 cKO mice have developed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and that this pathological process can be accelerated by ISO-treatment. GATA4 expression was markedly activated in cardiac tissues of Kindlin-2 cKO mice compared to wild-type animals. Collectively, our data revealed that Kindlin-2 suppresses GATA4 expression by triggering histone H3K9 methylation in part and protects heart from pathological hypertrophy.

7.
J Endocrinol ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770098

RESUMO

High-fat diet (HFD) not only induces insulin resistance in liver, but also causes autophagic imbalance, metabolic disorders, increases chronic inflammatory response and induces mitochondrial dysfunction. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaMKIV) has recently emerged as an important regulator of glucose metabolism and skeletal muscle insulin action. Its activation has been involved in the improvement of hepatic and adipose insulin action. But the underlying mechanism are not fully understood. In the present study, we aimed to address the direct effects of CaMKIV in vivo and to evaluate the potential interaction of impaired insulin sensitivity and autophagic disorders in hepatic insulin resistance. Our results indicated obese mice receiving CaMKIV showed a decreased blood glucose and serum insulin, and improved insulin sensitivity as well as increased glucose tolerance compared with vehicle injection. Meanwhile, defective hepatic autophagy activity, impaired insulin signaling, increased inflammatory response and mitochondrial dysfunction in liver tissues which induced by high-fat diet were also effectively alleviated by injection of CaMKIV. Consistent with these results, the additional of CaMKIV to the culture medium of BNL cl.2 hepatocytes markedly restored palmitate induced hepatic insulin resistance and autophagic imbalance. These effects were nullified by blockade of cyclic AMP response element binding protein (CREB), indicating the causative role of CREB in action of CaMKIV. Our findings suggested that CaMKIV restores hepatic autophagic imbalance and improves impaired insulin sensitivity via phosphorylated CREB signaling pathway. Which may offer novel opportunities for treatment of obesity and diabetes.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(94): 14127-14130, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690894

RESUMO

The redox property of a ferrocene derivative, the catalyst of Fenton oxidation, is modulated by the host-guest complexation of cucurbit[7]uril. The supramolecularly modulated catalyst significantly accelerates the catalytic oxidation of dye chromophores, thus providing a way to avoid product inhibition and broadening the range of substrates.

9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 836, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study are to test the psychometric properties of the safety attitudes and safety climate questionnaire Chinese simplified version (SAQ-CS), to test the safety attitudes of health professionals in tertiary hospitals in the Liaoning province and to explore the effects of demographic factors on safety attitudes. METHODS: The SAQ-CS was used to conduct a cross-sectional survey in nine tertiary hospitals in Liaoning province. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha of each subscale of SAQ-CS were > 0.7, the values of GFI, TLI, and CFI were > 0.8, and RMSEA values ranged from 0.048-0.199. The mean of the safety attitudes of 2157 health professionals was 4.00, indicating a good safety attitude, with a positive response rate (% of items that scored ≥4) of 51.1%. The stress recognition subscale had the lowest score, with a mean of 2.73 and a positive response rate of 17.8%. A multiple linear regression equation revealed that demographic factors like gender, age, and training participation significantly affected the scores (ßgender > 0.06, ßage < - 0.08, ßtraining < - 0.07, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric properties of SAQ-CS are good and stable. Health professionals rate teamwork climate, safety climate, perception of management, and work conditions in Liaoning province are perceived as good; however, the stress of the health professionals is poor. To improve safety attitudes, it is necessary to not only reduce the stress of health professionals, but also to pay more attention to men, older health professionals, and health professionals who have not participated in safety training.

10.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31754945

RESUMO

Epidemiological evidence on the association of soy intake with breast cancer risk is still inconsistent due to different soy intake levels across previous studies and small number of breast cancer cases. We aimed to investigate this issue by analyzing data from the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) study and conducting a dose-response meta-analysis to integrate existing evidence. The CKB study included over 300,000 women aged 30-79 from 10 regions across China enrolled between 2004 and 2008, and followed-up for breast cancer events until 31 December 2016. Information on soy intake was collected from baseline, two resurveys and twelve 24-h dietary recalls. We also searched for relevant prospective cohort studies to do a dose-response meta-analysis. The mean (SD) soy intake was 9.4 (5.4) mg/day soy isoflavones among CKB women. During 10 years of follow-up, 2289 women developed breast cancers. The multivariable-adjusted relative risk was 1.00 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.81-1.22) for the fourth (19.1 mg/day) versus the first (4.5 mg/day) soy isoflavone intake quartile. Meta-analysis of prospective studies found that each 10 mg/day increment in soy isoflavone intake was associated with a 3% (95% CI 1-5%) reduced risk of breast cancer. The CKB study demonstrated that moderate soy intake was not associated with breast cancer risk among Chinese women. Higher amount of soy intake might provide reasonable benefits for the prevention of breast cancer.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740556

RESUMO

Quinolone resistance is increasing in Neisseria meningitidis, with high prevalence in China (>70%), but its origin remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate donors of mutation-harboring gyrA alleles in N. meningitidis A total of 198 N. meningitidis and 293 commensal Neisseria isolates were collected between 2005 and 2018 in Shanghai, China. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ciprofloxacin were determined using agar dilution method. Resistance-associated genes gyrA and parC were sequenced for all isolates, while a few isolates were performed Illumina sequencing. The prevalence of quinolone resistance in N. meningitidis and commensal Neisseria was 67.7% (134/198) and 99.3% (291/293), respectively. All 134 quinolone-resistant N. meningitidis isolates possessed mutations in T91 (n=123) and/or D95 (n=12) of GyrA, with 7 isolates also harboring ParC mutations and exhibiting higher MICs. Phylogenetic analysis of the gyrA sequence identified six clusters. Among the 71 mutation-harboring gyrA alleles represented by 221 N. meningitidis isolates and genomes (n=221), 12 alleles (n=103, 46.6%) were included in N. meningitidis cluster, while 20 alleles (n=56) in N. lactamica cluster, 27 alleles (n=49) in N. cinerea cluster, and 9 alleles (n=10) in N. subflava cluster. Genomic analyses identified the exact N. lactimica donors of seven mutation-harboring gyrA alleles (gyrA92, gyrA97, gyrA98, gyrA114, gyrA116, gyrA151, and gyrA230) and the N. subflava donor isolate of gyrA171, with recombinant fragment ranging from 634 to 7499 bp. Transformation of gyrA fragments from these donor strains into a meningococcal isolate increased its ciprofloxacin MIC from 0.004 µg/ml to 0.125 or 0.19 µg/ml, and to 0.5 µg/ml with further transformation of an additional ParC mutation. Over half of quinolone-resistant N. meningitidis isolates acquired resistance by horizontal gene transfer from three commensal Neisseria species. Quinolone resistance in N. meningitidis increases in a stepwise manner.

12.
Sci Total Environ ; 701: 134943, 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731203

RESUMO

Biochar amendment has been recommended as a potential strategy to mitigate nitrous oxide (N2O) and nitric oxide (NO) emissions for wheat production, but its mechanism and effective duration are not well understood. The 1-octyne and 2-pheny l-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl 3-oxide (PTIO) in combination with potassium chlorate were used to evaluate the relative contribution of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and archaea (AOA) to potential ammonia oxidation (PAO) and N2O and NO production as affected by biochar. Acidic and alkaline soils were collected during wheat-growing season, and four treatments were installed in each soil type: CK, urea alone; BE, biochar-enriched soil for 2-6 years; FB, fresh biochar added to CK; and AB, aged biochar added to CK. The results showed that octyne and PTIO efficiently assessed AOB and AOA activities in soil incubation. The AOB-driven PAO in acidic soil was largely enhanced by increased soil pH in BE and FB treatments, whereas AOA-driven PAO was not. And the contribution of AOB to PAO exceeded 80% in alkaline soil. The N2O and NO production were positively correlated with PAO in both soils. BE treatment decreased the direct N2O and NO production in alkaline soil, while both BE and FB treatments decreased the N2O and NO yields in acidic soil, indicating that biochar mitigated soil N2O and NO emissions for wheat production. The lack of differences between AB and CK treatments indicated that aged biochar lost its initial effects on PAO, while the biochar-enriched soil amended with biochar years earlier still functioned similarly as fresh biochar.

13.
Chemosphere ; 242: 125144, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669994

RESUMO

Currently, many kinds of organic pollutants in air and water have a negative impact on humans and the environment. Notably, as a type of new functional materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with well-ordered porous structures and numerous active sites have been proven to be ideal photocatalysts for the degradation of organic pollutants. In the past few years, many encouraging achievements have been made in the research field of MOFs for photocatalysis. And a large number of functionalized MOFs have been constructed to improve photocatalytic activity. In this review, recent progress in the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants in both air and water using functionalized MOFs are summarized in detail. The focus is on photocatalytic mechanisms and some strategies employed to achieve higher degradation efficiency. Furthermore, the challenges and outlooks in this promising filed are also discussed. We hope this review would be useful for designing more functionalized MOFs with greater photocatalytic performance for the degradation of organic pollutants in the environment.

14.
Transplant Proc ; 51(9): 3159-3162, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be the best currently available method to treat relapsed hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) related to Epstein-Barr virus. The high rate of transplantation-related complications was initially the main obstacle preventing the wider adoption of this protocol; however, the previously more common complications, such as infection and graft failure, have fallen to very low levels with the development of new drugs and methods. Some other complications, such as veno-occlusive disease and transplantation associated thrombotic microangiopathy, are rare after allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, but the morbidity and mortality associated with them are very high. CASE PRESENTATION: A patient with relapsed HLH related to Epstein-Barr virus showed the sequential severe complications of veno-occlusive disease, transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy, and acute graft-vs-host disease after haploidentical transplantation. This patient was successfully treated by stopping administration of calcineurin inhibitors and instead treating with defibrotide, rituximab, CD25 monoclonal antibody, atorvastatin calcium tablets, methylprednisolone, budesonide, continuous plasma exchange, and bedside ultrafiltration. At the last follow-up, the patient had been living disease free for 2 years without any other complications. CONCLUSION: Epstein-Barr virus related-HLH patients have severe clinical features and currently poor prognosis. Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation may be the best way to treat this disease; however, the management of related complications is vital in the improvement of long-term survival.

15.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701148

RESUMO

JASPAR (http://jaspar.genereg.net) is an open-access database of curated, non-redundant transcription factor (TF)-binding profiles stored as position frequency matrices (PFMs) for TFs across multiple species in six taxonomic groups. In this 8th release of JASPAR, the CORE collection has been expanded with 245 new PFMs (169 for vertebrates, 42 for plants, 17 for nematodes, 10 for insects, and 7 for fungi), and 156 PFMs were updated (125 for vertebrates, 28 for plants and 3 for insects). These new profiles represent an 18% expansion compared to the previous release. JASPAR 2020 comes with a novel collection of unvalidated TF-binding profiles for which our curators did not find orthogonal supporting evidence in the literature. This collection has a dedicated web form to engage the community in the curation of unvalidated TF-binding profiles. Moreover, we created a Q&A forum to ease the communication between the user community and JASPAR curators. Finally, we updated the genomic tracks, inference tool, and TF-binding profile similarity clusters. All the data is available through the JASPAR website, its associated RESTful API, and through the JASPAR2020 R/Bioconductor package.

16.
Cell Rep ; 29(6): 1482-1498.e4, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31693890

RESUMO

The histone methyl transferase enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) is a master transcriptional regulator involved in histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation. We aimed to elucidate the precise post-translational regulations of EZH2 and their role in cancer pathogenesis. Here, we show that SET and MYND domain containing 2 (SMYD2) directly methylates EZH2 at lysine 307 (K307) and enhances its stability, which can be relieved by the histone H3K4 demethylase lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1). SMYD2 is critical for EZH2 function in repressing a cohort of genes governing several cancer-associated pathways. In addition, SMYD2 promotes breast cancer cell proliferation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and invasion through EZH2 K307 methylation, and it is markedly upregulated in various human cancers. Our data suggest that dynamic crosstalk between SMYD2-mediated EZH2 methylation plays an important role in fine-tuning EZH2 functions in chromatin recruitment and transcriptional repression.

17.
Opt Lett ; 44(22): ED1-ED2, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730130

RESUMO

Xi-Cheng Zhang reflects on the growth and success of Optics Letters as his tenure as Editor-in-Chief draws to a close.

18.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(41): 6205-6221, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic biliary obstruction results in ischemia and hypoxia of hepatocytes, and leads to apoptosis. Apoptosis is very important in regulating the homeostasis of the hepatobiliary system. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is one of the signaling pathways that induce apoptosis. Moreover, the protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK)-induced apoptotic pathway is the main way; but its role in liver injury remains unclear. Yinchenhao decoction (YCHD) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula that alleviates liver injury and apoptosis, yet its mechanism is unknown. We undertook this study to investigate the effects of YCHD on the expression of ER stress proteins and hepatocyte apoptosis in rats with obstructive jaundice (OJ). AIM: To investigate whether YCHD can attenuate OJ-induced liver injury and hepatocyte apoptosis by inhibiting the PERK-CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP)-growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein 34 (GADD34) pathway and B cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 related X protein (Bax)/B cell lymphoma/leukemia-2 (Bcl-2) ratio. METHODS: For in vivo experiments, 30 rats were divided into three groups: control group, OJ model group, and YCHD-treated group. Blood was collected to detect the indicators of liver function, and liver tissues were used for histological analysis. For in vitro experiments, 30 rats were divided into three groups: G1, G2, and G3. The rats in group G1 had their bile duct exposed without ligation, the rats in group G2 underwent total bile duct ligation, and the rats in group G3 were given a gavage of YCHD. According to the serum pharmacology, serum was extracted and centrifuged from the rat blood to cultivate the BRL-3A cells. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end-labelling (TUNEL) assay was used to detect BRL-3A hepatocyte apoptosis. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels in the medium were detected. Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analyses were used to detect protein and gene expression levels of PERK, CHOP, GADD34, Bax, and Bcl-2 in the liver tissues and BRL-3A cells. RESULTS: Biochemical assays and haematoxylin and eosin staining suggested severe liver function injury and liver tissue structure damage in the OJ model group. The TUNEL assay showed that massive BRL-3A rat hepatocyte apoptosis was induced by OJ. Elevated ALT and AST levels in the medium also demonstrated that hepatocytes could be destroyed by OJ. Western blot or qRT-PCR analyses showed that the protein and mRNA expression levels of PERK, CHOP, and GADD34 were significantly increased both in the rat liver tissue and BRL-3A rat hepatocytes by OJ. The Bax and Bcl-2 levels were increased, and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio was also increased. When YCHD was used, the PERK, CHOP, GADD34, and Bax levels quickly decreased, while the Bcl-2 levels increased, and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio decreased. CONCLUSION: OJ-induced liver injury and hepatocyte apoptosis are associated with the activation of the PERK-CHOP-GADD34 pathway and increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. YCHD can attenuate these changes.

19.
Biomolecules ; 9(12)2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31766659

RESUMO

Screening for systolic heart failure (SHF) has been problematic. Heart failure management guidelines suggest screening for structural heart disease and SHF prevention strategies should be a top priority. We developed a multi-protein biomarker panel using saliva as a diagnostic medium to discriminate SHF patients and healthy controls. We collected saliva samples from healthy controls (n = 88) and from SHF patients (n = 100). We developed enzyme linked immunosorbent assays to quantify three specific proteins/peptide (Kallikrein-1, Protein S100-A7, and Cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide) in saliva samples. The analytical and clinical performances and predictive value of the proteins were evaluated. The analytical performances of the immunoassays were all within acceptable analytical ranges. The multi-protein panel was able to significantly (p < 0.001) discriminate saliva samples collected from patients with SHF from controls. The multi-protein panel demonstrated good performance with an overall diagnostic accuracy of 81.6% (sensitivity of 79.2% and specificity of 85.7%) when distinguishing SHF patients from healthy individuals. In conclusion, we have developed immunoassays to measure the salivary concentrations of three proteins combined as a panel to accurately distinguish SHF patients from healthy controls. While this requires confirmation in larger cohorts, our findings suggest that this three-protein panel has the potential to be used as a biomarker for early detection of SHF.

20.
Maturitas ; 130: 50-56, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although both age at menarche and age at menopause may independently affect the risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality, their joint association with mortality is less clear. The objectives of this study were to address the relationship between ages at menarche and at menopause with mortality among postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: The study included 75,359 U.S. postmenopausal women aged 50-78 years from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) cohort. Information on ages at menarche and menopause was self-reported and collected at baseline, by questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All-cause, cardiovascular and cancer mortality. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 13 years, we identified 7826 deaths among 75,359 women in the PLCO cohort. Compared with women with an age at menarche of 12-13 years and an age at menopause of 45-54 years, the adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) for all-cause mortality for women with early menarche (≤11 years) and menopause (≤44 years) and those with late menarche (≥14 years) and menopause (≥55 years) were 1.20 (1.09, 1.32) and 0.82 (0.71, 0.96), respectively. This association remained significant in a sensitivity analysis that excluded women who did not undergo natural menopause. The indexes for the additive effect of the combined association showed no excess risk due to an interaction. CONCLUSIONS: Early menarche and early menopause seemed to have an exactly additive effect on all-cause mortality. The findings suggest that it is important to evaluate ages at both menarche and menopause rather than to consider either variable on its own in assessing the risk of mortality.

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