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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 443(Pt B): 130329, 2023 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36444055

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are a new type of pollutant and pose major threats to public health. However, the distribution and transmission risk of ARGs in alfalfa silage as the main forage for ruminants have not been studied. This study first deciphered the effects of Lactobacillus plantarum MTD/1 or Lactobacillus buchneri 40788 inoculations on distribution and transmission mechanism of ARGs in alfalfa silage by metagenomics. Results showed that multidrug and bacitracin resistance genes were the dominant ARGs in ensiled alfalfa. The natural ensiling process increased the abundances of bacitracin, beta_lactam, and aminoglycoside in alfalfa silage with 30% DM, and vancomycin in alfalfa silage with 40% DM. Meanwhile, prolonged wilting increased ARG enrichment in fresh alfalfa. Interestingly, alfalfa silage inoculated with L. plantarum MTD/1 or L. buchneri 40788 reduced the abundances of total ARG, and multidrug, MLS, vancomycin, aminoglycoside, tetracycline, and fosmidomycin resistance genes by reductions of the host bacteria and the enrichment of ARGs located in the plasmid. The hosts of ARG in alfalfa silage were mainly derived from harmful bacteria or pathogens, and some of the clinical ARGs were observed in alfalfa silage. Basically, the combined effect of microbes, MGEs, and fermentation quality was the major driver of ARG transfer and dissemination in microecosystem of ensiling, where the microbes appeared to be the crucial factor. In summary, inoculation with the present lactic acid bacteria could reduce ARG abundance in ensiled alfalfa, and a better effect was observed in L. plantarum-treated silage than in L. buchneri treated silage.


Assuntos
Lactobacillales , Medicago sativa , Medicago sativa/genética , Silagem , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Vancomicina , Bacitracina , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Aminoglicosídeos
2.
J Hazard Mater ; 444(Pt A): 130374, 2023 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36399820

RESUMO

As one typical toxic and dangerous heavy metal, mercury brings incalculable hazards to the environment and human, the mechanism at the molecular level is unclear. There is no visualized evidence to support directly that mercury ions (Hg2+) exposure may induce secondary stress, which is associated with the risk of hypoxia microenvironment in biological systems. Hypoxia occurs in many physiological and pathophysiological processes in the living system, accompanying overexpression of various biomarkers, such as nitroreductase (NTR). Hence, we had successfully developed two NTR-selective fluorescent probes with excellent performance for evaluating the hypoxia degree in vivo and in vitro. We visualized and qualitatively monitored the fluctuations of the endogenous NTR levels in living cells and zebrafish. The imaging results exhibited that different doses of Hg2+ exposure elevated the NTR levels and the same trend in changes of NTR as extrinsic hypoxia exposure, suggesting that Hg2+ exposure induced microenvironmental changes resulting in the hypoxia stress. This is the first time to provide visual evidence to support that Hg2+ stress may involve in the intracellular hypoxia microenvironment through monitoring the dynamic of NTR levels in the living systems. Our results may provide a novel insight into the molecular mechanisms of typical heavy metal element induced toxicity.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Humanos , Animais , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra , Hipóxia , Corantes Fluorescentes
3.
Int J Clin Health Psychol ; 23(1): 100332, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36168599

RESUMO

Background: Diabetes self-management (DSM) is essential for patients to achieve better health outcomes. However, previous studies have demonstrated that the performance of DSM is not optimal. This study was designed to identify the significant determinants of self-management behavior in type 2 diabetes(T2DM) patients to improve DSM. Method: A convenient sampling method was employed in this study. Data were collected from a community health center from January to February 2021 in Nanjing city, China. A total of 431 patients completed the self-administered questionnaires. A structural equation model based on the theory of planned behavior(TPB) was adopted for analysis. Results: TPB model presents excellent goodness of fit of data. Attitude (ß=0.161, P < 0.01), subjective norms (SN) (ß=0.239, P < 0.001), and perceived behavior control (PBC) (ß=0.197, P < 0.001) were strong predictors of intention. Intention (ß=0.230, P < 0.001) and PBC (ß=0.259, P < 0.001) had a direct effect on self-management behavior. The impact of attitude and SN on behavior was significantly mediated via behavioral intention. Conclusion: The application of TPB to self-management behavior in T2DM patients can significantly enhance our understanding of theory-based self-management behavior. This predictive model could potentially be a valuable tool and provide a feasible approach for formulating more targeted and population-specific DSM interventions in future research.

4.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134693, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323033

RESUMO

This work aimed to study the effects of dietary lipid composition and content on cecal and fecal microbiota of mice fed the following diets for 8 weeks: palm olein (PO)-based low-fat diet, PO-based high-fat diet, palm stearin (PS)-based low-fat diet, and PS-based high-fat diet. Increasing the dietary PS level favored the growth of Firmicutes over Bacteroidetes in the cecum and feces. In addition, it significantly elevated the total lipid (p < 0.01) and bile acid content (p < 0.01) in feces, resulting in the enrichment of fat-degrading and bile-acid tolerant genera within the families Ruminococcaceae and Lachnospiraceae. Although increasing the PO intake also caused obesity in mice, it did not affect the microbial structure. When fat intake is constant, only at a high-fat level can PS (vs PO) induce the above-mentioned microbial shifts. These results highlighted the combined roles of lipid quality and quantity on the gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Gorduras na Dieta , Microbiota , Camundongos , Animais , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Gorduras na Dieta/farmacologia , Ceco , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Fezes , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Óleo de Palmeira
5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121928, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36191436

RESUMO

The low temperature solvothermal method synthesized Cr2O3 NPs has not only peroxidase activity, but also oxidase activity. Then, the oxidase activity of Cr2O3 NPs is effectively shielded by nanogel immobilization using three monomers acrylamide, NIPAAM (N-isopropylacrylamide) and MBA (N,N'-methylene bisacrylamide) in HEPES (4-(2-hydroxyerhyl)piperazine-1-erhanesulfonic acid) buffer. Ultimately, the enzymatic activity of Cr2O3@nanogel/Au is significantly enhanced after doping Au NPs by SERS (Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy) evaluation. A SERS strategy was proposed for the detection of H2O2 by Cr2O3@nanogel/Au. The linear range was 10-8 mol·L-1-10-1 mol·L-1.


Assuntos
Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Nanogéis , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Peroxidases , Oxirredutases
6.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1000160, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36457526

RESUMO

Introduction: Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum blooms 2-3 times a year, among which the autumn flowering period has great potential for exploitation, but the number of flowers in the autumn flowering period is much smaller than that in the spring flowering period. Methods: Using 'Hei Zhenzhu' and 'Xiangnong Xiangyun' as experimental materials, the winter growth environment of L. chinense var. rubrum in Changsha, Hunan Province was simulated by setting a low temperature of 6-10°C in an artificial climate chamber to investigate the effect of winter low temperature on the flowering traits and related gene expression of L. chinense var. rubrum. Results: The results showed that after 45 days of low temperature culture and a subsequent period of 25°C greenhouse culture, flower buds and flowers started to appear on days 24 and 33 of 25°C greenhouse culture for 'Hei Zhenzhu', and flower buds and flowers started to appear on days 21 and 33 of 25°C greenhouse culture for 'Xiangnong Xiangyun'. The absolute growth rate of buds showed a 'Up-Down' pattern during the 7-28 days of low temperature culture; the chlorophyll fluorescence decay rate (Rfd) of both materials showed a 'Down-Up-Down' pattern during this period. The non-photochemical quenching coefficient (NPQ) showed the same trend as Rfd, and the photochemical quenching coefficient (QP) fluctuated above and below 0.05. The expression of AP1 and FT similar genes of L. chinense var. rubrum gradually increased after the beginning of low temperature culture, reaching the highest expression on day 14 and day 28, respectively, and the expression of both in the experimental group was higher than that in the control group. The expressions of FLC, SVP and TFL1 similar genes all decreased gradually with low temperature culture, among which the expressions of FLC similar genes and TFL1 similar genes in the experimental group were extremely significantly lower than those in the control group; in the experimental group, the expressions of GA3 similar genes were all extremely significantly higher than those in the control group, and the expressions all increased with the increase of low temperature culture time. Discussion: We found that the high expression of gibberellin genes may play an important role in the process of low temperature promotion of L. chinense var. rubrum flowering, and in the future, it may be possible to regulate L. chinense var. rubrum flowering by simply spraying exogenous gibberellin instead of the promotion effect of low temperature.

7.
J Oleo Sci ; 71(12): 1735-1741, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464286

RESUMO

The quality and processing characters of shortening are strongly influenced by the temperature fluctuation during storage and handling. Some chemical components, especially the presence of emulsifiers in shortening formula might be attributed to the quality change of shortening in response to temperature fluctuation. In this work, the effect of emulsifiers on the mechanical properties, crystalline structure, and crystalline transformation of fat was investigated with a palm oil-based shortening under varied storage temperature (4°C, 12 h - 28°C, 12 h, cycle reciprocating). Results show that the shortening without emulsifiers deteriorated easily with a severe separation of liquid oil and reduction of hardness, which was owing to the aggregation of crystals, and the appearance to high proportion of ß crystals at the later stage in storage (day 7 and day 14). However, the addition of the emulsifiers such as sorbitan monopalmitate (SMP), Glyceryl monostearate (GMS), and Glycerol monopalmitate (GMP) ameliorated the production of ß crystals effectively. Among the tested emulsifiers, the shortening adding GMS showed the best quality, which remained stable in multiple cycles up to 14 times. The findings will guide the use of emulsifiers in palm fat processing.


Assuntos
Emulsificantes , Óleo de Palmeira , Temperatura , Dureza
8.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 638: 192-199, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36462493

RESUMO

Neuropathic pain (NP) is a chronic disease caused by damage to the peripheral or central nervous system. Connexin 43 (Cx43), the primary connexin expressed by astrocytes, has been reported to be significantly increased in NP. However, the roles and mechanisms of Cx43 in the development and maintenance of NP remain largely unknown, while microglia activation has been commonly regarded as a key factor of NP. In the present study, we found that Cx43 deletion significantly ameliorated spared nerve injury (SNI)-induced NP and suppressed SNI induced c-Fos expression in the spinal cord. Notably, Cx43 deletion led to much less SNI-induced microglia activation in the spinal cord. These results suggest that astrocyte Cx43 may play a significant role in regulating microglial activation and NP.

9.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471468

RESUMO

In June 2021, a previously unreported leaf blight disease of peanut (Arachis hypogaea) was observed on field-grown peanut (Jinhua19) in Laixi city, Shandong province of China. Approximately 5% of plants showed disease symptoms in the fields we investigated. The symptoms first appeared as yellow round or irregular spots on leaves, and then the spots became brown. As the disease progressed, spots became larger and even converge, which later produced leaf chlorosis and abscission. Symptomatic leaves were cut into small pieces, surface disinfested with 70% ethanol for 30s, 1% NaClO for 60s, rinsed three times in sterile water, dried on sterile filter papers, placed on potato dextrose agar (PDA) media, and incubated at 25°C in darkness. Fungal cultures were initially white, with red pigment, then turned gray, and eventually turned black, and aerial hyphae were dense. Conidia were spherical or slightly ellipsoidal, black, smooth, and 8.6 to 11.5 × 8.7 to 14.5µm (n=50). Morphological characteristics of the isolates matched the description of Nigrospora aurantiaca (Wang et al. 2017). Molecular identification was performed by sequencing beta tubulin gene (TUB) with Bt2a/Bt2b and translation elongation factor 1-alpha (TEF) with EF1-728F/EF1-986R (Wang et al. 2021) of a representative isolate ZHX11. TUB (OK489789) and TEF (OK489790) of ZHX11 obtained 100% (401/401 nucleotides) and 99.64% (279/279 nucleotides) similar to those of N. aurantiaca (MN329935, MN264010), respectively. Alignment was conducted separately for each gene set using Clustal W algorithm implemented in MEGA 7.0 (Kumar et al. 2016), and multi-gene (TUB and TEF) phylogenetic analyses using Neighbor-Joining (NJ) method showed that the isolate was N. aurantiaca. To complete Koch's postulates, nine 2-week-old peanut (Zhonghua 12) seedlings were sprayed with conidia suspensions (106 conidia mL-1 in 0.05% Tween 20 buffer). The same number of seedlings were only treated with 0.05% Tween buffer as controls. The experiment was repeated three times. Plants were incubated in a growth chamber (30°C in the day and 25°C at night, a 12-h photoperiod and 80% RH). Ten days after inoculation, typical symptoms were observed on inoculated leaves but not on the controls. N. aurantiaca was reisolated from the diseased leaves but not from the controls. N. sphaerica was observed on peanut in China (Liu et al. 2020). To our knowledge, this is the first report of N. aurantiaca causing leaf blight on peanut in shandong province, China. These findings will help to develop better preventive measures in accordance with the emergence of the new disease.

10.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36473020

RESUMO

By exploring the effects of an antiangiogenic small molecule drug named anlotinib on the levels of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in a mouse xenograft model of lung cancer, the role of anti-angiogenesis in remodeling the immune microenvironment was discussed. In addition, the impact of anlotinib on the normalization of the immune microenvironment and time window was examined, providing a theoretical basis for the optimization of clinical strategies applying anlotinib combined with PD-1 inhibitors. On the basis of the LLC mouse xenograft model, MDSCs and MDSCs + immune microenvironment were examined in tissues, respectively, according to different samples. The former observation included the control (group A) and anlotinib monotherapy (group B) groups; the latter also included the control (group C) and anlotinib monotherapy (group D) groups. The levels of MDSCs in peripheral blood at different time points were analyzed by flow cytometry, and the levels of MDSCs in tissue samples at different time points were evaluated by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. The volumes of subcutaneous xenografts were significantly smaller in the anlotinib treatment group compared with the control group (P < 0.005). Flow cytometry showed that compared with the control group, the intratumoral percentages of total MDSCs (P < 0.01) and mononuclear-MDSCs (P < 0.05) were significantly decreased on days 3 and 17 after anlotinib treatment in peripheral blood samples; however, there was no significant difference in granulocytic-MDSCs changes between the experimental and control groups. Immunofluorescence showed that the levels of MDSCs in both the experimental and control groups reached the lowest points 10 days after drug administration, and were significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (P < 0.05). Anlotinib reduces the levels of MDSCs in the mouse xenograft model of lung cancer, with the characteristics of time window. This study provides a basis for further exploring strategies for anti-angiogenic treatment combined with immunotherapy in lung cancer based on time-window dosing.

11.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0278153, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36445892

RESUMO

The sorghum-sudangrass hybrid is a vital annual gramineous herbage. Few reports exist on its ultra-high-density genetic map. In this study, we sought to create an ultra-high-density genetic linkage map for this hybrid to strengthen its functional genomics research and genetic breeding. We used 150 sorghum-sudangrass hybrid F2 individuals and their parents (scattered ear sorghum and red hull sudangrass) for high-throughput sequencing on the basis of whole genome resequencing. In total, 1,180.66 Gb of data were collected. After identification, filtration for integrity, and partial segregation, over 5,656 single nucleotide polymorphism markers of high quality were detected. An ultra-high-density genetic linkage map was constructed using these data. The markers covered approximately 2,192.84 cM of the map with average marker intervals of 0.39 cM. The length ranged from 115.39 cM to 264.04 cM for the 10 linkage groups. Currently, this represents the first genetic linkage map of this size, number of molecular markers, density, and coverage for sorghum-sudangrass hybrid. The findings of this study provide valuable genome-level information on species evolution and comparative genomics analysis and lay the foundation for further research on quantitative trait loci fine mapping and gene cloning and marker-assisted breeding of important traits in sorghum-sudangrass hybrids.


Assuntos
Sorghum , Humanos , Sorghum/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Grão Comestível , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ligação Genética
12.
J Infect Public Health ; 15(12): 1363-1369, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Co-harbouring of carbapenem and colistin resistance genes in multidrug-resistant Enterobacterales strains poses a serious public health problem. In this study, an MCR-1.1 and NDM-5 coproducing Escherichia coli strain named EC6563 was isolated and characterized. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize a clinical carbapenem-resistant E. coli isolate which co-harbours mcr-1.1 and blaNDM-5 on separate plasmids, and explored the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of the mcr-1.1- and blaNDM-5-harbouring plasmids. METHODS: E. coli isolate EC6563 was subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, conjugation assay, stability of the plasmid and growth rate determination. In addition, the whole genome sequence of this strain was obtained and the genetic characteristics of the mcr-1.1- and blaNDM-5-harbouring plasmids were analyzed. RESULTS: Carbapenem-resistant E. coli isolate EC6563 was resistant to all the tested antibiotics except tigecycline. Bioinformatic analysis confirmed that the IncHI2 plasmid carrying mcr-1.1 was highly similar to the previously reported mcr-1.1-harbouring plasmid pGDP37-4, and carried multiple drug resistance genes and the IncI1-I plasmid carrying blaNDM-5 had low similarity to the published blaNDM-5-carrying IncI1-I plasmid pEC-16-10-NDM-5. The pEC6563-NDM5 plasmid was capable of conjugation with an efficiency of 1.34 × 10-2 in a filter mating experiment. The transconjugant J53/pEC6563-NDM5 was able to be stably inherited after 12 days of passage. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that an IncHI2 plasmid carrying mcr-1.1 and an IncI1-I plasmid carrying blaNDM-5 is found to coexist in an E. coli isolate. Our research expands the known diversity of plasmids in NDM-5-producing Enterobacterales strains. Meanwhile, effective measures should be taken to prevent the spread of these plasmids.


Assuntos
Infecções por Escherichia coli , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Humanos , Escherichia coli/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética , beta-Lactamases/farmacologia , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Plasmídeos/genética , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , China
13.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 8003-8015, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345528

RESUMO

Objective: Chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia (CIT) can lead to chemotherapy dose delay or reduction, and even serious bleeding. This study aimed to develop a CIT-predicting model based on the laboratory indices of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Material and Methods: From Jun 1, 2017 to Dec 30, 2021, a total of 2043 patients who had received 7676 cycles of chemotherapy were retrospectively enrolled. A logistic regression analysis was performed to identify predictive factors, on the basis of which a nomogram model for predicting CIT was established. A bootstrapping technique was applied for internal validation. A generalized additive mixed model (GAMM) was constructed to analyze the trends in the changes of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), ratio of AST to alanine transaminase (ALT) (AST/ALT ratio), and platelet (PLT) count in patients with solid tumors. P values ≤0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results: The patient-based incidence of CIT was 20.51% and the cycle-based incidence was 10.01%. The multivariate analysis showed that AST level, AST/ALT ratio, and total bilirubin (Tbil), white blood cell (WBC), platelet (PLT), hemoglobin (Hb) levels were significantly associated with the risk of CIT. The GAMM analysis showed that PLT level was inversely associated with AST/ALT ratio and AST level, more significantly with AST/ALT ratio. And both exhibited statistically predictive abilities for CIT. The model achieved an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.793, a sensitivity of 0.543 and a specificity of 0.930. Conclusion: The AST/ALT ratio was inversely associated with the CIT risk in cancer patients. The GAMM model based on laboratory indices presented a high accuracy in predicting the risk of CIT, and a potential to be translated into clinical management.

14.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160511, 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442635

RESUMO

Hyperspectral remote sensing has the advantages to predict and map soil heavy metal concentration over conventional monitoring methods and multispectral remote sensing. In quantitative applications of hyperspectral remote sensing imagery, the contribution of hyperspectral bands is different, and abnormal prediction values resulted from incorrectly classified bare soil images are a major problem. In this study, a variable weighting method was proposed to weight the hyperspectral bands, and a probability threshold was used to improve the classification to mitigate the problem of abnormal prediction values. The variable weighting was conducted by using the absorption depths obtained by continuum removal. Soil samples were collected from a mining area in southwestern China. Hyperspectral remote sensing imagery was acquired by the Advanced Hyperspectral Imager (AHSI) abroad on Geofen-5 (GF-5) satellite. Genetic algorithm and partial least squares regression (PLSR) were adopted to calibrate prediction models. In prediction of soil copper (Cu) concentration, root mean square error (RMSE) and coefficient of determination (R2) were 21.59 mg kg-1 and 0.60 for the prediction using raw reflectance spectra, and the values were improved to 18.33 mg kg-1 and 0.71 by using the weighted reflectance spectra. The developed prediction model was applied to the AHSI imagery to predict Cu concentration in bare soil areas. In prediction of Cu concentration using the AHSI imagery, negative prediction values were eliminated by using the bare soil image extracted by the improved classification. Based on the prediction, soil Cu concentration map was generated by kriging spatial interpolation. The result indicates that the proposed variable weighting method is effective and the problem of abnormal prediction values could be mitigated by using improved bare soil images. Further analysis indicates that some indices with proper thresholds also could be used to get improved bare soil images.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362395

RESUMO

Tanshinones are the bioactive constituents of Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge), which is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat cardiovascular and other diseases, and they synthesize and accumulate in the root periderm of S. miltiorrhiza. However, there is no relevant report on the initial stage of tanshinone synthesis, as well as the root structure and gene expression characteristics. The present study aims to provide new insights into how these bioactive principles begin to synthesize by characterizing possible differences in their biosynthesis and accumulation during early root development from both spatial and temporal aspects. The morphological characteristics and the content of tanshinones in roots of S. miltiorrhiza were investigated in detail by monitoring the seedlings within 65 days after germination (DAGs). The ONT transcriptome sequencing was applied to investigate gene expression patterns. The periderm of the S. miltiorrhiza storage taproot initially synthesized tanshinone on about 30 DAGs. Three critical stages of tanshinone synthesis were preliminarily determined: preparation, the initial synthesis, and the continuous rapid synthesis. The difference of taproots in the first two stages was the smallest, and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were mainly enriched in terpene synthesis. Most genes involved in tanshinone synthesis were up regulated during the gradual formation of the red taproot. Plant hormone signal transduction and ABC transport pathways were widely involved in S. miltiorrhiza taproot development. Five candidate genes that may participate in or regulate tanshinone synthesis were screened according to the co-expression pattern. Moreover, photosynthetic ferredoxin (FD), cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR), and CCAAT binding transcription factor (CBF) were predicted to interact with the known downstream essential enzyme genes directly. The above results provide a necessary basis for analyzing the initial synthesis and regulation mechanism of Tanshinones.


Assuntos
Salvia miltiorrhiza , Salvia miltiorrhiza/genética , Salvia miltiorrhiza/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Raízes de Plantas , Abietanos , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
16.
Front Chem ; 10: 1040703, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438871

RESUMO

Since the first detection of CH molecule in interstellar medium (ISM), more than 270 molecules have been identified in various astronomical sources in ISM. These molecules include big complex ones, such as fullerene (C60) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which are the main components of carbonaceous dust. Dust surface chemistry plays an important role in explaining the formation of interstellar molecules. However, many of the dust surface chemical parameters, such as the adsorption energies, are still of uncertainty. Here we present a study of the adsorption of water (H2O), ammonia (NH3), and carbon dioxide (CO2) on graphene-like substrate within the framework of density functional theory (DFT). We used Gaussian 16 software and adopted the corrected generalized gradient approximation (GGA) with the Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof (PBE) functions. We determined the optimal accretion position of the studied molecules on the graphene-like surface and calculated the adsorption energies. Furthermore, according to the density of states and molecular orbitals of the adsorbed states, we analyzed the charge transfer between the molecules and the graphene-like surface. These results can provide more accurate parameters for calculating the chemical reaction rates on the dust surface, thus contributing to the understanding of dust-surface reactions in ISM.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prognostic significance of combination of white blood cell (WBC) and D-dimer on acute ischemic stroke (AIS) remains to be explored. We aimed to investigate the combined effect of WBC and D-dimer levels on in-hospital outcomes of AIS patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: 801 AIS patients were included. Patients were divided into four groups according to the cut-point identified by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of D-dimer (1.105 µg/L) and WBC (7.05 × 109/L): LWLD (low WBC count and low D-dimer), LWHD (low WBC count and high D-dimer), HWLD (high WBC count and low D-dimer), and HWHD (high WBC count and high D-dimer). HWHD group had the highest cumulative incidence of in-hospital mortality (hazard ratio, 5.79; 95%CI, 1.71-19.58, P = 0.006). Patients in HWHD group were 4.14 fold more likely to have in-hospital pneumonia (odds ratio, 4.14; 95%CI, 2.09-8.21; P < 0.001), compared with those in LWLD group. The area under curve (AUC) of the combination of WBC and D-dimer levels for in-hospital mortality and pneumonia was larger than that of WBC and D-dimer alone (0.920 vs. 0.900 vs. 0.915; 0.831 vs. 0.829 vs. 0.807). CONCLUSIONS: The combination of WBC count and D-dimer levels at admission was independently associated with in-hospital outcomes of AIS patients. The addition of WBC to D-dimer levels had a tendency to improve the predictive power for in-hospital mortality and pneumonia.

18.
Small Methods ; : e2201025, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333217

RESUMO

Rechargeable batteries are key in the field of electrochemical energy storage, and the development of advanced electrode materials is essential to meet the increasing demand of electrochemical energy storage devices with higher density of energy and power. Anode materials are the key components of batteries. However, the anode materials still suffer from several challenges such as low rate capability and poor cycling stability, limiting the development of high-energy and high-power batteries. In recent years, heterojunctions have received increasing attention from researchers as an emerging material, because the constructed heterostructures can significantly improve the rate capability and cycling stability of the materials. Although many research progress has been made in this field, it still lacks review articles that summarize this field in detail. Herein, this review presents the recent research progress of heterojunction-type anode materials, focusing on the application of various types of heterojunctions in lithium/sodium-ion batteries. Finally, the heterojunctions introduced in this review are summarized, and their future development is anticipated.

19.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36441372

RESUMO

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membranous spheroid organelles secreted by various cells during their development. Previous studies have proved that the elimination of metabolic waste products from the cells is one of the key biological functions of EVs. Besides, recent studies suggest that EVs also promote intercellular information transmission thus further regulating the external environment of cells, especially during the development of cancer. Different EVs are produced by tumor cells and tumor-related cells during the development of tumors. Based on their sources and contents, different EVs may promote the proliferation of tumor cells, interfere with the function of immune cells, or destroy normal tissue barriers. As a landmark component in the occurrence and development of tumors, EVs can be used to solve the biological behaviors that hinder tumor treatment, such as drug resistance and immune escape. Oral cancer is a highly prevalent cancer type in clinic and current therapies often fail to effectively inhibit its deterioration. Based on their essential roles in cancer development, EVs therefore possess great potential to be a target for oral cancer treatment. In this review, we focused on the origin and classification of vesicles in oral cancer tissues around the tumor microenvironment, described their biological functions, and discussed their potential for cancer treatment in combination with existing research methods. In addition, we highlighted the current challenges and recommendations of EVs for the treatment of oral cancer in clinic.

20.
Genome Biol ; 23(1): 244, 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36419179

RESUMO

Heat-imposed crop failure is often attributed to reduced thermotolerance of floral tissues; however, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that m6A RNA methylation increases in Arabidopsis flowers and negatively regulates gene expression variability. Stochastic gene expression provides flexibility to cope with environmental stresses. We find that reduced transcriptional fluctuation is associated with compromised activation of heat-responsive genes. Moreover, disruption of an RNA demethylase AtALKBH10B leads to lower gene expression variability, suppression of heat-activated genes, and strong reduction of plant fertility. Our work proposes a novel role for RNA methylation in the bet-hedging strategy of heat stress response.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Termotolerância , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Termotolerância/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Metilação , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , RNA/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica
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