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1.
Nat Biomed Eng ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750535

RESUMO

Because a host's immune system is affected by host-microbiota interactions, means of modulating the microbiota could be leveraged to augment the effectiveness of cancer therapies. Here we report that patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) whose tumours contained higher levels of bacteria of the genus Peptostreptococcus had higher probability of long-term survival. We then show that in mice with murine OSCC tumours injected with oral microbiota from patients with OSCCs, antitumour responses were enhanced by the subcutaneous delivery of an adhesive hydrogel incorporating silver nanoparticles (which inhibited the growth of bacteria competing with Peptostreptococcus) alongside the intratumoural delivery of the bacterium P. anaerobius (which upregulated the levels of Peptostreptococcus). We also show that in mice with subcutaneous or orthotopic murine OSCC tumours, combination therapy with the two components (nanoparticle-incorporating hydrogel and exogenous P. anaerobius) synergized with checkpoint inhibition with programmed death-1. Our findings suggest that biomaterials can be designed to modulate human microbiota to augment antitumour immune responses.

2.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34747172

RESUMO

The excessive lactate in the tumor microenvironment always leads to poor therapeutic outcomes of chemotherapy. In this study, a self-driven bioreactor (defined as SO@MDH, where SO is Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 and MDH is MIL-101 metal-organic framework nanoparticles/doxorubicin/hyaluronic acid) is rationally constructed via the integration of doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded metal-organic framework (MOF) MIL-101 nanoparticles with SO to sensitize chemotherapy. Owing to the intrinsic tumor tropism and electron-driven respiration of SO, the biohybrid SO@MDH could actively target and colonize hypoxic and eutrophic tumor regions and anaerobically metabolize lactate accompanied by the transfer of electrons to Fe3+, which is the key component of the MIL-101 nanoparticles. As a result, the intratumoral lactate would undergo continuous catabolism coupled with the reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ and the subsequent degradation of MIL-101 frameworks, leading to an expeditious drug release for effective chemotherapy. Meanwhile, the generated Fe2+ will be promptly oxidized by the abundant hydrogen peroxide in the tumor microenvironment to reproduce Fe3+, which is, in turn, beneficial to circularly catabolize lactate and boost chemotherapy. More importantly, the consumption of intratumoral lactic acid could significantly inhibit the expression of multidrug resistance-related ABCB1 protein (also named P-glycoprotein (P-gp)) for conquering drug-resistant tumors. SO@MDH demonstrated here holds high tumor specificity and promising chemotherapeutic efficacy for suppressing tumor growth and overcoming multidrug resistance, confirming its potential prospects in cancer therapy.

3.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2101971, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751505

RESUMO

Traditional tumor treatments, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, photodynamic therapy, and photothermal therapy, are developed and used to treat different types of cancer. Recently, chemodynamic therapy (CDT) has been emerged as a novel cancer therapeutic strategy. CDT utilizes Fenton or Fenton-like reaction to generate highly cytotoxic hydroxyl radicals (•OH) from endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) to kill cancer cells, which displays promising therapeutic potentials for tumor treatment. However, the low catalytic efficiency and off-target side effects of Fenton reaction limit the biomedical application of CDT. In this regard, various strategies are implemented to potentiate CDT against tumor, including retrofitting the tumor microenvironment (e.g., increasing H2 O2 level, decreasing reductive substances, and reducing pH), enhancing the catalytic efficiency of nanocatalysts, and other strategies. This review aims to summarize the development of CDT and summarize these recent progresses of nanocatalyst-mediated CDT for antitumor application. The future development trend and challenges of CDT are also discussed.

4.
Chem Soc Rev ; 50(22): 12576-12615, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605834

RESUMO

Microorganisms have been extensively applied as active biotherapeutic agents or drug delivery vehicles for antitumor treatment because of their unparalleled bio-functionalities. Taking advantage of the living attributes of microorganisms, a new avenue has been opened in anticancer research. The integration of customized functional materials with living microorganisms has demonstrated unprecedented potential in solving existing questions and even conferring microorganisms with updated antitumor abilities and has also provided an innovative train of thought for enhancing the efficacy of microorganism-based tumor therapy. In this review, we have summarized the emerging development of customized materials-assisted microorganisms (MAMO) (including bacteria, viruses, fungi, microalgae, as well as their components) in tumor therapeutics with an emphasis on the rational utilization of chosen microorganisms and tailored materials, the ingenious design of biohybrid systems, and the efficacious antitumor mechanisms. The future perspectives and challenges in this field are also discussed.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Neoplasias , Vírus , Bactérias , Fungos , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Nano Lett ; 21(20): 8609-8618, 2021 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661419

RESUMO

Tumor heterogeneity, often leading to metastasis, limits the development of tumor therapy. Personalized therapy is promising to address tumor heterogeneity. Here, a vesicle system was designed to enhance innate immune response and amplify personalized immunotherapy. Briefly, the bacterial outer membrane vesicle (OMV) was hybridized with the cell membrane originated from the tumor (mT) to form new functional vesicles (mTOMV). In vitro experiments revealed that the mTOMV strengthened the activation of innate immune cells and increased the specific lysis ability of T cells in homogeneous tumors. In vivo experiments showed that the mTOMV effectively accumulated in inguinal lymph nodes, then inhibited lung metastasis. Besides, the mTOMV evoked adaptive immune response in homologous tumor rather than the heterogeneous tumor, reversibly demonstrating the effects of personalized immunotherapy. The functions to inhibit tumor growth and metastasis accompanying good biocompatibility and simple preparation procedure of mTOMV provide their great potential for clinical applications.


Assuntos
Membrana Externa Bacteriana , Imunoterapia , Membrana Celular , Imunidade Inata , Linfócitos T
6.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(2): nwaa160, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691571

RESUMO

The hypoxic tumor microenvironment is characterized by disordered vasculature and rapid proliferation of tumors, resulting from tumor invasion, progression and metastasis. The hypoxic conditions restrict efficiency of tumor therapies, such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy, phototherapy and immunotherapy, leading to serious results of tumor recurrence and high mortality. Recently, research has concentrated on developing functional nanomaterials to treat hypoxic tumors. In this review, we categorize such nanomaterials into (i) nanomaterials that elevate oxygen levels in tumors for enhanced oxygen-dependent tumor therapy and (ii) nanomaterials with diminished oxygen dependence for hypoxic tumor therapy. To elevate oxygen levels in tumors, oxygen-carrying nanomaterials, oxygen-generating nanomaterials and oxygen-economizing nanomaterials can be used. To diminish oxygen dependence of nanomaterials for hypoxic tumor therapy, therapeutic gas-generating nanomaterials and radical-generating nanomaterials can be used. The biocompatibility and therapeutic efficacy of these nanomaterials are discussed.

7.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108169, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607227

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the effect of monomer derivative of paeoniflorin (MDP) on macrophage pyroptosis mediated by TLR4/NLRP3/GSDMD signaling pathway in adjuvant arthritis (AA) rats. METHOD: Wistar rats were divided into normal group, AA model group, MDP (50 mg/kg) group and MTX (0.5 mg/kg) group. The expression of TLR4, NLRP3 and GSDMD in macrophage were detected by immunofluorescence assay. The expression of TLR4 and the ratio of macrophage pyroptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry. Cell morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The cytokine levels of IL-18 and IL-1ß were detected by ELISA. The expressions of proteins related to macrophage pyroptosis were detected by western blot. RESULTS: MDP has a therapeutic effect on rats AA by reducing the secondary inflammation and improving pathological changes. The results of X-ray imaging and ultrasound images showed that MDP could inhibit bone erosion, soft tissue swelling, and joint space narrowing. Macrophage pyroptosis was found in secondary inflammation of AA rats. The expressions of TLR4, MyD88, NLRP3, Caspase-1, ASC, and GSDMD-N in macrophage were increased, the levels of IL-18 and IL-1ß were enhanced, and the morphology of pyroptosis could be observed. MDP could inhibit macrophage polarization and macrophage pyroptosis, and down-regulated the cytokine levels of IL-18 and IL-1ß in AA rats. MDP could regulate the M1/M2 ratio, decreased the ratio of macrophage pyroptosis and down-regulated the expressions of TLR4, MyD88, NLRP3, Caspase-1, ASC, and GSDMD-N in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSION: Abnormal activation of TLR4/NLRP3/GSDMD signaling pathway may be involved in macrophage pyroptosis in AA rats. The therapeutic effect of MDP on AA rats is related to the inhibition of macrophage pyroptosis by regulating the TLR4/NLRP3/GSDMD signaling pathway.

8.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(74): 9398-9401, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34528964

RESUMO

A tumor cell membrane-camouflaged therapeutic system was fabricated to eliminate tumors by embedding apyrase and glucose oxidase (GOx) into zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) nanoparticles for tumor-targeted metabolic therapy. Experimental results demonstrated that these functional nanoparticles could disturb the energy supply of tumor cells by depleting ATP and glucose and efficiently induce tumor cell death.


Assuntos
Apirase/metabolismo , Materiais Biomiméticos/metabolismo , Glucose Oxidase/metabolismo , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/farmacologia , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/patologia
9.
Chem Sci ; 12(29): 10097-10105, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349972

RESUMO

Phototherapy holds great promise for disease treatment; however, traditional "always-on" photoagents have been restricted to clinical translation due to their nonspecific response and side effects on normal tissues. Here, we show a tumor microenvironment activated photothermal and photoacoustic agent as an activatable prodrug and probe that allows precise cancer diagnosis and treatment. Such an in situ revitalized therapeutic and contrast agent is achieved via controllable plasmonic heating for thermoplasmonic activation. This enables monitoring of signal molecule dynamics, real-time photothermal and photoacoustic imaging of tumors and lymph node metastasis, and targeted photothermal therapy without unwanted phototoxicity to normal tissues. Our study provides a practical solution to the non-specificity problem in phototherapy and offers precision cancer therapeutic and theranostic strategies. This work may advance the development of ultrasensitive disease diagnosis and precision medicine.

10.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275285

RESUMO

Multiple biological barriers in solid tumors severely restrict the penetration of nanomedicines, which is a main cause for therapeutic failure in traditional tumor treatment. Here, a tumor-specific nanogenerator of peroxynitrite (ONOO-), prepared by loading cisplatin and sodium nitroprusside into poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) polymersomes, was designed to improve drug delivery and enhance tumor chemotherapy. After a cascade of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidases catalysis and glutathione reduction, the nanogenerator, namely, PMCS, could selectively induce the generation of ONOO- in tumor. The generated ONOO- could not only strengthen vascular permeability significantly but also improve the accumulation and penetration of PMCS in tumor by activating matrix metalloproteinases-mediated degradation of extracellular matrix. Along with endocytosis, PMCS released cisplatin to induce tumor cell apoptosis. Moreover, free cisplatin liberated from dead cells infected neighboring tumor cells quickly via ONOO--mediated up-regulated copper transporter 1, further amplifying chemotherapeutic efficacy. This study advances ONOO- as a potent modality to address the main issues of therapeutic delivery, including but not limited to chemotherapy.

11.
Adv Drug Deliv Rev ; 176: 113856, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237403

RESUMO

The symbiotic microbiota is nowadays regarded as a human "invisible organ", its imbalance has been shown to be associated with many diseases. Besides, the progress of diseases can in turn change the internal structure of microbiota. Some diseases have shown their unique microbiota markers that may be potential therapeutic targets. Therefore, modulating microbiota may be a powerful strategy for diseases treatment. However, conventional microbiota modulation strategies lack selectivity and are suffer from side effects. In recent years, with the increasing challenge of antibiotic resistance, bacteriophage (phage) therapy has gradually presented its potential to treat drug-resistant infections. Phages are viruses that infect bacteria, with high selectivity for specific bacteria and almost no tropism for mammalian cells. Studies showed that phage-mediated precise modulation of microbiota has achieved great success in diseases treatment. Here, we briefly summarized the treatment strategies of phage-mediated modulation of microbiota, and discussed prospect of possible development in this field.

12.
Adv Healthc Mater ; 10(19): e2100770, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190424

RESUMO

The antioxidant defense system in malignant cells, which involves antioxidant enzymes and antioxidant molecules, is an innate barrier to photodynamic therapy (PDT). Because of the complexity of the endogenous antioxidant mechanisms of these cells, simply inhibiting individual antioxidant pathways has a limited effect on improving the lethality of ROS. To enhance the efficacy of PDT for tumor treatment, a versatile nanoparticle (NP)-based drug is developed, which the authors call PZB NP, containing the glutathione inhibitor l-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) and the heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) inhibitor protoporphyrin zinc(II) (ZnPP) to suppress the innate antioxidant defense system of cancer cells in a two-pronged manner. BSO reduces intracellular glutathione levels to minimize ROS elimination and protein protection during PDT, and ZnPP inhibits the ROS-stimulated upregulation of the antioxidant HO-1, thus preventing ROS removal by cells after PDT. Thus, BSO and ZnPP synergistically suppress the antioxidant defense systems of cancer cells both during and after protoporphyrin-IX-mediated PDT in a two-pronged manner, resulting in tumor cell death through excess oxidative pressure. The results demonstrate that the construction of nanodrugs having dual antioxidation defense suppression properties is a promising route for the development of highly efficient ROS-based therapies.


Assuntos
Glutationa , Fotoquimioterapia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Butionina Sulfoximina , Heme Oxigenase-1
13.
Nano Lett ; 21(10): 4270-4279, 2021 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955768

RESUMO

Engineered bacteria are promising bioagents to synthesize antitumor drugs at tumor sites with the advantages of avoiding drug leakage and degradation during delivery. Here, we report an optically controlled material-assisted microbial system by biosynthesizing gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on the surface of Shewanella algae K3259 (S. algae) to obtain Bac@Au. Leveraging the dual directional electron transport mechanism of S. algae, the hybrid biosystem enhances in situ synthesis of antineoplastic tetrodotoxin (TTX) for a promising antitumor effect. Because of tumor hypoxia-targeting feature of facultative anaerobic S. algae, Bac@Au selectively target and colonize at tumor. Upon light irradiation, photoelectrons produced by AuNPs deposited on bacterial surface are transferred into bacterial cytoplasm and participate in accelerated cell metabolism to increase the production of TTX for antitumor therapy. The optically controlled material-assisted microbial system enhances the efficiency of bacterial drug synthesis in situ and provides an antitumor strategy that could broaden conventional therapy boundaries.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Shewanella , Ouro , Tetrodotoxina
14.
Adv Mater ; 33(31): e2007630, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34050564

RESUMO

Immunotherapy that can activate immunity or enhance the immunogenicity of tumors has emerged as one of the most effective methods for cancer therapy. Nevertheless, single-mode immunotherapy is still confronted with several critical challenges, such as the low immune response, the low tumor infiltration, and the complex immunosuppression tumor microenvironment. Recently, the combination of immunotherapy with other therapeutic modalities has emerged as a powerful strategy to augment the therapeutic outcome in fighting against cancer. In this review, recent research advances of the combination of immunotherapy with chemotherapy, phototherapy, radiotherapy, sonodynamic therapy, metabolic therapy, and microwave thermotherapy are summarized. Critical challenges and future research direction of immunotherapy-based cancer therapeutic strategy are also discussed.

15.
Biomaterials ; 272: 120782, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819816

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is widely researched in tumor treatment, but its therapeutic effect is affected by oxygen (O2) concentration of tumor site. Here, we developed a Pd-coordinated π-conjugated extended porphyrin doped porphyrin metal-organic-framework (named as PTP). PTP can achieve near infrared (NIR) O2 concentration ratiometric imaging, solving the problems of short detection wavelengths and influence of self-concentrations. With the NIR excitation wavelength and the ability of higher singlet oxygen (1O2) generation, PTP can induce PDT more effectively. The efficient PDT also mediates cancer immunogenic cell death (ICD), which combines with the immune checkpoint inhibitor αPD-1 to achieve obviously cancer suppression and anti-metastasis effect. This theranostic NIR ratiometric nanoprobe can be used as a pre-evaluation on the outcome of PDT and high-efficient cancer combined treatment system, which will find great potential in tumor diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Fotoquimioterapia , Porfirinas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Oxigênio , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes
16.
ACS Nano ; 15(3): 5189-5200, 2021 03 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33703878

RESUMO

Developing appropriate photothermal agents to meet complex clinical demands is an urgent challenge for photothermal therapy of tumors. Here, platinum-doped Prussian blue (PtPB) nanozymes with tunable spectral absorption, high photothermal conversion efficiency, and good antioxidative catalytic activity are developed by one-step reduction. By controlling the doping ratio, PtPB nanozymes exhibit tunable localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) frequency with significantly enhanced photothermal conversion efficiency and allow multiwavelength photoacoustic/infrared thermal imaging guided photothermal therapy. Experimental band gap and density functional theory calculations further reveal that the decrement of free carrier concentrations and increase in circuit paths of electron transitions co-contribute to the enhanced photothermal conversion efficiency of PtPB with tunable LSPR frequency. Benefiting from antioxidative catalytic activity, PtPB can simultaneously relieve inflammation caused by hyperthermia. Moreover, PtPB nanozymes exhibited good biosafety after intravenous injection. Our findings provide a paradigm for designing safe and efficient photothermal agents to treat complex tumor diseases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Platina , Ferrocianetos , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fototerapia , Terapia Fototérmica
17.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(13): 5127-5140, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764762

RESUMO

Immunotherapy has provided a promising strategy for the treatment of cancers. However, even in tumors with high antigen burdens, the systemic inhibition of the antigen presentation still greatly restricts the application of immunotherapy. Here, we construct a tumor protein-engineering system based on the functional tripeptide, Asp-Phe-Tyr (DFY), which can automatically collect and deliver immunogenetic tumor proteins from targeted cells to immune cells. Through a tyrosinase-catalyzed polymerization, the DFY tripeptide selectively accumulates in tyrosinase high-expressed melanoma cells. Then quinone-rich intermediates are covalently linked with tumor-specific proteins by Michael addition and form tumor protein-carried microfibers that could be engulfed by antigen-presenting cells and exhibited tumor antigenic properties for boosting immune effect. In melanoma cells with deficient antigen presentation, this system can successfully enrich and transport tumor antigen-containing proteins to immune cells. Furthermore, in the in vivo study on murine melanoma, the transdermal delivery of the DFY tripeptide suppressed the tumor growth and the postsurgery recurrence. Our findings provide an avenue for the regulation of the immune system on an organism by taking advantage of certain polymerization reactions by virtue of chemical biology.


Assuntos
Imunoterapia/métodos , Melanoma Experimental/terapia , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Oligopeptídeos/uso terapêutico , Administração Cutânea , Animais , Células Apresentadoras de Antígenos/imunologia , Catálise , Melanoma Experimental/imunologia , Camundongos , Oligopeptídeos/administração & dosagem , Oligopeptídeos/metabolismo , Polimerização
18.
Nanoscale ; 13(8): 4420-4431, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33616147

RESUMO

Traditional methods of depleting tumor-associated myeloid cells via chemotherapy can easily lead to the re-recruitment of them, eventually resulting in chemo-resistance and presenting obstacles in immunotherapy. Herein, we report a nano-educator (NE) that when loaded with all trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and anti-PD-1 antibodies (aPD-1) instructs myeloid cells to assist T cells towards revitalizing anti-PD-1 therapy. In vivo, ATRA converts myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) into dendritic cells (DCs), which are essential for anti-PD-1 therapy, while intervening in the polarization of macrophages. Furthermore, aPD-1-armed T cells reboot anti-tumor immunity after suppression relief, which exposes tumor-specific antigens and in turn promotes the maturation of transformed DCs. The nano-platform provides shelter for vulnerable immunomodulatory agents and durable drug release to stimulate intensive immune modulation. We established three types of tumor-bearing mice models with different myeloid cell contents to show the spatiotemporal complementarity of ATRA and aPD-1. The NE re-educates the tumor's guard to assist T cells in enhanced immunotherapy, broadening the application of aPD-1 in the treatment of anti-PD-1-resistant tumors.


Assuntos
Células Mieloides , Células Supressoras Mieloides , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Imunoterapia , Macrófagos , Camundongos
19.
Phytother Res ; 35(2): 1033-1047, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006176

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects not only joints but also multiple organ systems including cardiovascular system. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In RA, endothelial dysfunction exists at both the macrovascular and the microvascular levels, which is a precursor to vasculitis. This study aimed to investigate the pathogenesis of vasculitis and the therapeutic effect of CP-25 on vasculitis in high-fat diet (HFD) collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats. Experimental groups were divided into normal group, HFD group, CIA group, HFD CIA group, CP-25 group and MTX group. In vitro, IL-17A was used to stimulate human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), and then CP-25 was used to intervene. Results showed that CP-25 reduced global scoring (GS), arthritis index (AI), and swollen joint count (SJC) scores, improved histopathological score, reduced T cells percentage, and decreased IL-17A and ICAM-1 levels. Besides, CP-25 reduced the expression of p-STAT3 to normal levels in vascular of HFD CIA rats. In vitro, IL-17A promoted the expression of p-JAK1, p-JAK2, p-JAK3, pSTAT3, and ICAM-1, and CP-25 inhibited the expression of p-JAK1, p-JAK2, p-JAK3, p-STAT3, and ICAM-1. In conclusion, CP-25 might inhibit endothelial cell activation through inhibiting IL-17A/JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway, which improves vasculitis in HFD CIA rats.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Dieta Hiperlipídica/métodos , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Glucosídeos/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Monoterpenos/uso terapêutico , Vasculite/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Chem Soc Rev ; 50(2): 945-985, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33226037

RESUMO

Cell primitive-based functional materials that combine the advantages of natural substances and nanotechnology have emerged as attractive therapeutic agents for cancer therapy. Cell primitives are characterized by distinctive biological functions, such as long-term circulation, tumor specific targeting, immune modulation etc. Moreover, synthetic nanomaterials featuring unique physical/chemical properties have been widely used as effective drug delivery vehicles or anticancer agents to treat cancer. The combination of these two kinds of materials will catalyze the generation of innovative biomaterials with multiple functions, high biocompatibility and negligible immunogenicity for precise cancer therapy. In this review, we summarize the most recent advances in the development of cell primitive-based functional materials for cancer therapy. Different cell primitives, including bacteria, phages, cells, cell membranes, and other bioactive substances are introduced with their unique bioactive functions, and strategies in combining with synthetic materials, especially nanoparticulate systems, for the construction of function-enhanced biomaterials are also summarized. Furthermore, foreseeable challenges and future perspectives are also included for the future research direction in this field.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias/patologia
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