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1.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633821

RESUMO

An iodine-promoted one-pot cascade oxidative annulation reaction has been developed for the synthesis of chromone-fused-pyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinolines and indolizino[8,7-b]indoles from o-acetylphenoxyacrylates, tetrahydroisoquinolines, and noreleagnines. This process underwent a logical approach to both chromone-fused-pyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinolines and chromone-fused-indolizino[8,7-b]indoles isolamellarin derivatives. Manipulations of l-menthol and dl-α-tocopherol demonstrate the applications of this strategy.

2.
mBio ; : e0137221, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634929

RESUMO

Interleukin6 (IL-6) is a key driver of hyperinflammation in COVID-19, and its level strongly correlates with disease progression. To investigate whether variability in COVID-19 severity partially results from differential IL-6 expression, functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-6 were determined in Chinese COVID-19 patients with mild or severe illness. An Asian-common IL-6 haplotype defined by promoter SNP rs1800796 and intronic SNPs rs1524107 and rs2066992 correlated with COVID-19 severity. Homozygote carriers of C-T-T variant haplotype were at lower risk of developing severe symptoms (odds ratio, 0.256; 95% confidence interval, 0.088 to 0.739; P = 0.007). This protective haplotype was associated with lower levels of IL-6 and its antisense long noncoding RNA IL-6-AS1 by cis-expression quantitative trait loci analysis. The differences in expression resulted from the disturbance of stimulus-dependent bidirectional transcription of the IL-6/IL-6-AS1 locus by the polymorphisms. The protective rs2066992-T allele disrupted a conserved CTCF-binding locus at the enhancer elements of IL-6-AS1, which transcribed antisense to IL-6 and induces IL-6 expression in inflammatory responses. As a result, carriers of the protective allele had significantly reduced IL-6-AS1 expression and attenuated IL-6 induction in response to acute inflammatory stimuli and viral infection. Intriguingly, this low-producing variant that is endemic to present-day Asia was found in early humans who had inhabited mainland Asia since ∼40,000 years ago but not in other ancient humans, such as Neanderthals and Denisovans. The present study suggests that an individual's IL-6 genotype underlies COVID-19 outcome and may be used to guide IL-6 blockade therapy in Asian patients. IMPORTANCE Overproduction of cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a hallmark of severe COVID-19 and is believed to play a critical role in exacerbating the excessive inflammatory response. Polymorphisms in IL-6 account for the variability of IL-6 expression and disparities in infectious diseases, but its contribution to the clinical presentation of COVID-19 has not been reported. Here, we investigated IL-6 polymorphisms in severe and mild cases of COVID-19 in a Chinese population. The variant haplotype C-T-T, represented by rs1800796, rs1524107, and rs2066992 at the IL-6 locus, was reduced in patients with severe illness; in contrast, carriers of the wild-type haplotype G-C-G had higher risk of severe illness. Mechanistically, the protective variant haplotype lost CTCF binding at the IL-6 intron and responded poorly to inflammatory stimuli, which may protect the carriers from hyperinflammation in response to acute SARS-CoV-2 infection. These results point out the possibility that IL-6 genotypes underlie the differential viral virulence during the outbreak of COVID-19. The risk loci we identified may serve as a genetic marker to screen high-risk COVID-19 patients.

3.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 7849-7858, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635014

RESUMO

G protein γ subunit 7 (GNG7) is a subunit of heterotrimeric G protein. It has been demonstrated low expressed GNG7 in various cancers. Nevertheless, the role of GNG7 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unclear. In the present study, GNG7 expression in LUAD tissues and cell lines was analyzed by RT-qPCR, western blot and immunohistochemical. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed for determining the prognostic value of GNG7 expression. Then, the function of GNG7 in LUAD progression was examined by cell proliferation, invasion and mouse xenograft assays. In addition, the underlying biological mechanisms of GNG7 in LUAD progression were explored via the bioinformatics analysis and experimental validation. We found GNG7 was markedly down-regulated in LUAD tissues and cell lines. Clinically, low expression of GNG7 was associated with the dismal prognosis of LUAD patients. Gain-of-function analysis showed that GNG7 overexpression inhibited proliferation and invasion of LUAD cell in vitro, and compromised tumor formation ability in vivo. Besides, mechanistic study revealed that overexpression of GNG7 affected the progression of LUAD via inhibiting activation of Hedgehog signaling. Moreover, bioinformatics prediction and experimental verification confirmed that GNG7 was targeted by miR-19b-3p, which was elevated expression in LUAD and promoting the progression of LUAD. Furthermore, rescue experiments demonstrated that GNG7 reintroduction weakened miR-19b-3p-mediated aggressive tumor phenotypes of LUAD cells. These findings suggested miR-19b-3p/GNG7 axis contributed to the progression of LUAD through Hedgehog signaling, which might be a potential therapeutic target for LUAD treatment.

4.
EMBO Rep ; : e53007, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605140

RESUMO

While Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) establishes a life-long latent infection in apparently healthy human immunocompetent hosts, immunodeficient individuals are at particular risk to develop lymphoproliferative B-cell malignancies caused by EBV. A key EBV protein is the transcription factor EBV nuclear antigen 2 (EBNA2), which initiates B-cell proliferation. Here, we combine biochemical, cellular, and in vivo experiments demonstrating that the mitotic polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) binds to EBNA2, phosphorylates its transactivation domain, and thereby inhibits its biological activity. EBNA2 mutants that impair PLK1 binding or prevent EBNA2 phosphorylation are gain-of-function mutants. They exhibit enhanced transactivation capacities, accelerate the proliferation of infected B cells, and promote the development of monoclonal B-cell lymphomas in infected mice. Thus, PLK1 coordinates the activity of EBNA2 to attenuate the risk of tumor incidences in favor of the establishment of latency in the infected but healthy host.

5.
J Biomater Appl ; : 8853282211044853, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605703

RESUMO

Natural cartilage tissue has excellent mechanical properties and has certain cellular components. At this stage, it is a great challenge to produce cartilage scaffolds with excellent mechanical properties, biocompatibility, and biodegradability. Hydrogels are commonly used in tissue engineering because of their excellent biocompatibility; however, the mechanical properties of commonly used hydrogels are difficult to meet the requirements of making cartilage scaffolds. The mechanical properties of high concentration polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA) hydrogel are similar to those of natural cartilage, but its biocompatibility is poor. Low concentration hydrogel has better biocompatibility, but its mechanical properties are poor. In this study, two different hydrogels were combined to produce cartilage scaffolds with good mechanical properties and strong biocompatibility. First, the PEGDA grid scaffold was printed with light curing 3D printing technology, and then the low concentration GelMA/Alginate hydrogel with chondral cells was filled into the PEGDA grid scaffold. After a series of cell experiments, the filling hydrogel with the best biocompatibility was screened out, and finally the filled hydrogel with cells and excellent biocompatibility was obtained. Cartilage tissue engineering scaffolds with certain mechanical properties were found to have a tendency of cartilage formation in in vitro culture. Compared with the scaffold obtained by using a single hydrogel, this molding method can produce a tissue engineering scaffold with excellent mechanical properties on the premise of ensuring biocompatibility, which has a certain potential application value in the field of cartilage tissue engineering.

6.
Chem Asian J ; 2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605195

RESUMO

An efficient method for the stereoselective synthesis of (Z)-3-((arylamino)methylene)indoline-2-thiones have been developed via a novel multicomponent reaction of indoles, CS2 and nitroarenes. A range of functionalized indoline-2-thiones were prepared in moderate to good yields from easily available starting materials. The indoline-2-thione products can be easily derivatized to give biologically active thieno[2,3-b]indole and thiopyrano[2,3-b]indole skeletons in high yields.

7.
Microbiol Res ; 253: 126883, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626929

RESUMO

Vibrio alginolyticus belongs to gram-negative opportunistic pathogen realm infecting humans and aquatic animals causing severe economic losses. The (p)ppGpp-mediated stringent response is corroborated to stress adaptation and virulence of pathogenic mechanisms. Limited reports are documented for the intricate assessment of (p)ppGpp synthetase genes in combating various stress adaptation and elucidation of virulence in V. alginolyticus remains unraveled. The present assessment comprises of generation of deletion mutants in the (p)ppGpp-deficient strains, ΔrelA (relA gene single mutant) and ΔrelAΔspoT (relA and spoT genes double mutant), and the complemented strains, ΔrelA+ and ΔrelAΔspoT+, were constructed to investigate the pivotal roles of (p)ppGpp synthetase genes in V. alginolyticus, respectively. Amino acid sequence alignment analysis initially revealed that RelA and SpoT possess relatively conserved domains and synthetase activity. Hydrolase activity was emancipated by SpoT alone showing variant mode of action. Compared with the wild type and complemented strains, the relA-deficient strain was more sensitive to amino acid starvation and mupirocin. Interestingly, the deletion of spoT resulted in a significant growth deficiency supplemented with bile salts, 3 % ethanol and heat shock. Rapid growth was observed in the stationary phase upon exposure to cold stress and lower doses of ethanol. Subsequently, disruption of (p)ppGpp synthetase genes caused the decline in swimming motility, enhanced biofilm formation, cell aggregation of V. alginolyticus, and reduced mortality of Litopenaeus vannamei. The expression levels of some virulence-associated genes were quantified affirming consistency established by pleiotropic phenotypes. The results are evident for putative roles of (p)ppGpp synthetase genes attributing essential roles for environmental adaption and virulence regulation in V. alginolyticus.

8.
Nat Rev Cancer ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611349

RESUMO

Many cancer types metastasize to bone. This propensity may be a product of genetic traits of the primary tumour in some cancers. Upon arrival, cancer cells establish interactions with various bone-resident cells during the process of colonization. These interactions, to a large degree, dictate cancer cell fates at multiple steps of the metastatic cascade, from single cells to overt metastases. The bone microenvironment may even influence cancer cells to subsequently spread to multiple other organs. Therefore, it is imperative to spatiotemporally delineate the evolving cancer-bone crosstalk during bone colonization. In this Review, we provide a summary of the bone microenvironment and its impact on bone metastasis. On the basis of the microscopic anatomy, we tentatively define a roadmap of the journey of cancer cells through bone relative to various microenvironment components, including the potential of bone to function as a launch pad for secondary metastasis. Finally, we examine common and distinct features of bone metastasis from various cancer types. Our goal is to stimulate future studies leading to the development of a broader scope of potent therapies.

9.
J Neurosurg Sci ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is highly associated with ruptured intracranial aneurysm (IA), which dramatically increases neurological disabilities or mortality in patients. The balance between T helper cells (Th17) and regulatory T cells (Treg) plays a crucial role in regulating immune-inflammatory response. In the current study, we aim to obtain a better understanding of the role of Th17 and Treg cells in patients with IA. METHODS: 138 patients total participated in this study, including ruptured aneurysms group (Ruptured IA, RIA, n=70 cases) and unruptured aneurysms group (Unruptured IA, URIA, n=68 cases). Additionally, 76 cases of healthy subjects were selected as control group. The frequencies of Th17 and Treg cells were determined using flow cytometry. The serum levels of cytokines including IL-17, IL-23, IL-10, and TGF-ß1 were determined using ELISA. mRNA was isolated from the whole blood. FOXP3 and RCRc mRNA expressions were detected using RT-qPCR. RESULTS: The percentage of Th17 cells in peripheral blood from RIA patients was higher than URIA patients (P<0.01), whereas the percentage of Treg cells in peripheral blood from RIA was significantly lower when compared with URIA patients (P<0.001). The serum levels of IL-17 (P<0.01) and IL-23 (P<0.05) were markedly increased while the levels of IL-10 (P<0.01) and TGF-ß1 (P<0.05) were decreased in RIA patients when compared with URIA patients. Lastly, the mRNA level of RCRc was significantly increased in RIA vs. URIA patients (P<0.001). By contrast, FOXP3 mRNA level was significantly decreased in RIA vs. URIA patients (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In the current study, we demonstrated the imbalance of Th17/Treg in patients with IA, and the frequencies of Th17 cells were positively correlated with the severity of IA-induced SAH. These results provided data to support that targeting Th17/Treg could act as an effective approach for the management of IA.

10.
Nat Mater ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650230

RESUMO

Fabricating inorganic materials with designed three-dimensional nanostructures is an exciting yet challenging area of research and industrial application. Here, we develop an approach to 3D print high-quality nanostructures of silica with sub-200 nm resolution and with the flexible capability of rare-earth element doping. The printed SiO2 can be either amorphous glass or polycrystalline cristobalite controlled by the sintering process. The 3D-printed nanostructures demonstrate attractive optical properties. For instance, the fabricated micro-toroid optical resonators can reach quality factors (Q) of over 104. Moreover, and importantly for optical applications, doping and codoping of rare-earth salts such as Er3+, Tm3+, Yb3+, Eu3+ and Nd3+ can be directly implemented in the printed SiO2 structures, showing strong photoluminescence at the desired wavelengths. This technique shows the potential for building integrated microphotonics with silica via 3D printing.

11.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 988, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In clinical studies, it has been observed that esophageal cancer (EC) patient prognosis can be very different even for those patients with tumors of the same TNM stage. Tumor length has been analysed as a possible independent prognostic factor in many studies, but no unanimous conclusion has been reached. Therefore, this review used a meta-analysis to evaluate the association between tumor length and prognosis in EC patients. METHODS: A systematic search for relevant articles was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used as effective measures to estimate the correlation between tumor length and prognosis, including overall survival, disease-free survival, progression-free survival, disease-specific survival, and cancer-specific survival. STATA 15.0 software was used to perform the meta-analysis and the data synthesis. RESULTS: Finally, 41 articles with 28,973 patients were included in our study. The comprehensive statistical results showed that long tumors are an independent prognostic parameter associated with poor overall survival (OS) (HR = 1.30; 95% CI: 1.21-1.40, p < .001) and disease-free survival (DFS) (HR = 1.38; 95% CI: 1.18-1.61, p < .001) in EC patients. Subgroup analyses also suggested a significant correlation between long tumors and poor OS. Sensitivity analysis and publication bias evaluation confirmed the reliability and stability of the results. Similar results were obtained in the analyses of progression-free survival (PFS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and cancer-specific survival (CSS). CONCLUSION: The results of this meta-analysis showed that long tumors were related to poor OS, DFS, PFS, DSS and CSS in EC patients. Tumor length might be an important predictor of prognosis in EC patients, and it can be used as an independent staging index. Further well-designed and large-scale prospective clinical studies are needed to confirm these findings.

12.
J Affect Disord ; 295: 264-270, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common mental disorder associated with suicide attempts. When a patient first visits the clinic, clinicians are often expected to make concrete diagnose about acute suicidal risk. However, the timeliness of suicide attempts correlates with patients with MDD has not been tested. METHODS: We divided 1718 first-episode and untreated MDD outpatients into those who did not have suicide attempts (non-attempts), recent suicide attempters (≤14 days before assessment) and long - dated suicide attempters (> 30 days before assessment). Positive Symptom Scale of Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the 17-item Hamilton Depression Scale, 14 - item Hamilton Anxiety Scale, and clinical global impression of severity scale (CGI-S) was assessed. Body mass index, some glycolipid metabolism and thyroid hormone parameters were measured. A gradient-boosted decision trees statistical model was used to generate equally weighted classification for distinguishing recent and long - dated suicide attempters from non-attempts. RESULTS: The classifier identified higher excitement, hostility, anxiety, depression symptoms and higher free thyroxine (FT4) as risk factors for recent suicide attempters with an estimated accuracy of 87% (sensitivity, 59.1%; specificity, 61.2 %). For long - dated suicide attempters' risk factors, single status, higher anxiety and hostility symptoms, higher LDLC and lower BMI, the estimated accuracy was 88% (sensitivity, 52.8%; specificity, 49.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors for suicide attempt among patients with MDD can be identified by integrating demographic, clinical, and biological variables as early as possible during the first time see a doctor.

13.
J Affect Disord ; 295: 284-290, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) has been associated with an increased prevalence of weight gain and abnormally elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels. However, the relationship between BMI and Hcy in BD patients has not been investigated. This study aimed to explore this relationship in Chinese patients with BD. METHODS: Plasma Hcy levels, socio-demographic parameters, clinical and anthropometric data were collected from 195 BD inpatients and 84 healthy controls. The level of plasma Hcy was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated by body weight divided by the square of the height. The participants were divided into a high BMI group and a low BMI group using 24 kg/m2 as a threshold. RESULTS: The prevalence of high BMI was slightly elevated in BD patients in comparison to healthy controls. Patients with elevated BMI had significantly higher Hcy levels than patients with low BMI. Hcy level was an independent contributor of the occurrence of high BMI in BD patients. The level of Hcy was positively correlated with BMI in BD patients. In addition, depressive episodes of BD were positively correlated with the prevalence of high BMI and married BD patients were more likely to have high BMI levels. CONCLUSIONS: There is a close relationship between BMI and plasma Hcy levels in patients with BD, suggesting that Hcy may be an important indicator for BD-induced weight gain. This finding provides a new avenue for weight management of BD patients and to help avoid the potential risk of cardiovascular diseases.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatic immune microenvironment plays a pivotal role in the development of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, the role of natural killer (NK) cells, accounting for 10%-20% of liver lymphocytes, in NASH is still unclear. In this study, we aim to investigate the functional significance of NK cells in NASH evolution. METHODS: NASH was induced in mice fed methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD), choline-deficient high-fat diet (CD-HFD), or high-fat diet with streptozotocin injection (STAM model). NK cell deficient mice (Nfil3-/-) and neutralization antibody (PK136) were used in this study. RESULTS: Activated liver NK cells were identified with increased expression of NKG2D, CD107a, and interferon-γ but decreased inhibitory NKG2A. With NK cell deficiency Nfil3-/- mice, the absence of NK cells ameliorated both MCD- and CDHF- induced NASH development with significantly decreased hepatic triglycerides, peroxides, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase compared with Nfil3+/+ mice. Further molecular analysis unveiled suppressed pro-inflammatory cytokines and associated signaling. Mechanistically, NK cells isolated from NASH liver secreted higher levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interferon-γ, interleukin 1ß, interleukin 12, CCL4, CCL5, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor), which could activate hepatic JAK-STAT1/3 and nuclear factor kappa B signaling and induce hepatocyte damage evidenced by elevated reactive oxygen species and apoptosis rate. Moreover, neutralization antibody PK136-dependent NK cell depletion can significantly alleviate MCD-induced steatohepatitis with suppressed cytokine levels and JAK-STAT1/3 activity. CONCLUSIONS: NK cells in NASH liver are activated with a more pro-inflammatory cytokine milieu and promote NASH development via cytokine-JAK-STAT1/3 axis. Modulation of NK cells provides a potential therapeutic strategy for NASH.

15.
Sci Total Environ ; 792: 148396, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465046

RESUMO

Droughts represent one of the most severe abiotic stress factors that could result in great crop yield loss. Numerous vegetation indices have been proposed for monitoring the vegetation condition under stress and assessing drought impacts on yield loss. However, the understanding and comparison between traditional vegetation indices (VIs) and the newly emerging satellite Sun-Induced Chlorophyll Fluorescence (SIF) for monitoring vegetation condition is still limited especially under drought stress and at multiple spatial scales. In this study, the potential of satellite observation SIF for monitoring corn response to drought was investigated based on the 2012 drought in the US Corn Belt. The standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI) was used here to quantify drought. We found that all SPEI were above -1, except for July (-1.27), August (-1.39) and September (-1.14) in 2012, indicating the severity of this drought. We examined the relationship between satellite measurements of SIF, SIFyield, VIs (e.g., NDVI and EVI) and SPEI. Results indicated that SIFyield was sensitive to drought and SIF captured the stress more accurately both at the regional and state scales for the US Corn Belt. Quantitatively, SIFyield had a high correlation with SPEI (r = 0.987, p < 0.05) over the entire Corn Belt, and it indicated losses in response to drought approximately one month earlier than SIF/NDVI/EVI. Furthermore, our results demonstrated that SIF could be trusted as an effective indicator to study the relationship between GPP (R2 ≥ 0.8664, p < 0.01) under drought conditions across the Corn Belt. This study highlighted the advantage of using satellite SIF observations to monitor the drought stress on crop growth especially GPP at regional scale.


Assuntos
Clorofila , Secas , Fluorescência , Estações do Ano , Zea mays
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469101

RESUMO

The design of high-performance and cost-effective electrocatalysts for water splitting is of prime importance for efficient and sustainable hydrogen production. In this work, a surface defect engineering method is developed for optimizing the electrocatalytic activity of perovskite oxides for water electrolysis. A typical ferrite-based perovskite oxide material La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) is used and regulated by selective acid etching. The optimal parameters for the surface treatment are identified. An efficient bifunctional perovskite oxide, denoted LSCF-30, is prepared by selectively corroding the A-site Sr element in the surface region, which is found to not only increase the exposure and decrease the coordination of B-site metals but also effectively modulate the electronic structure of these metals. The crystal lattice of the perovskite bulk is kept constant during surface engineering, which ensures the structural stability of the perovskite catalyst. The findings demonstrate an effective strategy of surface defect engineering in enhancing the performance of perovskite oxide electrocatalysts for water splitting.

17.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(15): 3581-3587, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522185

RESUMO

Background: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a retinal disease that causes blindness in premature infants. This study aimed to reveal the changes in amino acids and derivatives in the plasma of ROP patients compared with premature infants without ROP. Methods: Metabolomics targeting amino acids and their derivatives was conducted to assess their plasma levels in ROP patients (n=58) and premature infants without ROP (n=25), and KEGG pathway analysis was used to identify the involved pathways. Results: Among the 31 assessed metabolites, the levels of 4 amino acids were significantly altered in the ROP group. Creatinine was downregulated in the plasma of the ROP patients, while the levels of citrulline, arginine, and aminoadipic acid were upregulated in the ROP group. Significant correlations were identified between the ROP stage and plasma levels of citrulline, creatinine, and aminoadipic acid. The involved pathways included biosynthesis of amino acids, arginine and proline metabolism, and arginine biosynthesis. Conclusion: The plasma levels of citrulline, creatinine, arginine, and aminoadipic acid were significantly changed in ROP patients. These metabolites could be considered potential biomarkers of ROP, and their related metabolic pathways might be involved in ROP pathogenesis.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506106

RESUMO

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is a promising candidate for use as a supercapacitor electrode material and non-noble-metal electrocatalyst owing to its relatively high theoretical specific capacitance, Pt-like electronic feature, and graphene-like structure. However, insufficient electrochemically active sites along with poor conductivity significantly hinder its practical application. Heteroatom doping and phase engineering have been regarded as effective ways to overcome the inherent limitations of MoS2 and enhance its ion storage and electrocatalytic performance. In this study, a plasma-assisted nitrogen-doped 1T/2H MoS2 heterostructure has been proposed for the first time, resulting in excellent supercapacitor performance and hydrogen evolution reaction activity. XPS, Raman, and TEM analysis results indicate that N atoms have been successfully doped into MoS2 nanosheets via room-temperature low-power N2 plasma, and the 1T/2H hybrid phase is maintained. As expected, the 1T/2H MoS2 heterostructure after a 10 min plasma treatment displayed a much boosted supercapacitive performance with a high specific capacitance of 410 F g-1 at 1 A g-1 and an excellent hydrogen evolution property with a low overpotential of 131 mV vs RHE at 10 mA cm-2 for hydrogen evolution reaction. The excellent performance is superior to most of the recently reported outstanding MoS2-based electrode and electrocatalytic materials. Moreover, the as-assembled flexible symmetric supercapacitor shows a high specific capacitance of 84.8 F g-1 and superior mechanical robustness with 84.5% capacity retention after 2000 bending cycles.

19.
Mol Vis ; 27: 528-541, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526760

RESUMO

Purpose: To identify a novel mutation in KIF11 with clinical and functional analysis among 516 familial patients with exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR). Methods: Next-generation sequencing was performed on 516 patients with FEVR between January 2015 and October 2017. Clinical data were collected from patient charts, including sex, age at presentation, visual acuity if available, axial length, stage, and systemic clinical findings. Protein and mRNA levels were detected with western blotting and real-time quantitative PCR, respectively. Mass spectrometry was used to analyze the interacting protein of KIF11. Results: In total, 304 of 516 patients were identified with at least one mutation in FEVR causative genes. Mutations in KIF11 were identified in 14.47% of all carriers. The novel mutation p. H718L accounted for the greatest proportion (12/44; 27.30%) among all mutations in KIF11. Fundus presentations in these 12 individuals varied from the avascular zone of the peripheral retina to total retinal detachment. The p. H718L mutation can reduce the proliferation of human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) compared to the wild type. The mRNA level of vascular endothelial growth factor-α, transforming growth factor-α, metalloproteinase-1, and angiopoietin-like 4 were depressed in the KIF11 (p. H718L) groups under hypoxia stimuli. Mass spectrometry results demonstrated that eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (EEF2) was an interacting protein of KIF11 and that the p. H718L mutation can attenuate the binding activity. Conclusions: Patients with the most frequent KIF11 mutation p. H718L showed typical FEVR presentations in this cohort. The mutation in KIF11 likely plays a role in the proliferation of HRECs, and the p. H718L mutation can reduce the proliferation.

20.
Molecules ; 26(18)2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576993

RESUMO

In this report, a simple and efficient process to achieve fluorine-18-labeled 1,2,3-triazole is reported. The heteroaromatic radiofluorination was successfully achieved through an iodine-fluorine-18 exchange in an aqueous medium requiring only trace amounts of base and no azeotropic drying of fluorine-18. This methodology was optimized on a model reaction and further validated on multiple 1,2,3-triazole substrates with 18-60% radiochemical conversions. Using this strategy-the radiosynthesis of a triazole-based thiamin analogue-a potential positron emission tomography (PET) probe for imaging thiamin-dependent enzymes was synthesized with 10-16% isolated radiochemical yield (RCY) in 40 min (uncorrected, n > 5).

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