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1.
J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 35(1): 45-53, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373957

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The hypertension control rate in China is much lower than that in developed countries. Self-management among elderly patients with hypertension can improve blood pressure control; thus, it is necessary to explore its association with individual and social environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate self-management among elderly patients with hypertension in China and its association with individual and social environmental factors based on the social ecological model. METHODS: A total of 301 elderly patients with hypertension were recruited to do a questionnaire survey based on the social ecological model, which included the General Demographic Information Questionnaire, Hypertension Patients Self-Management Behavior Rating Scale, World Health Organization Well-Being Index, Family APGAR Index, and Social Support Rating Scale. RESULTS: The lowest level of self-management behaviors was in exercise management, and the highest was in medication management. The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that well-being, family function, sex, education level, and age were pivotal individual and social environmental factors influencing self-management behaviors among elderly patients with hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to develop and test interventions that improve self-management in elderly patients with hypertension. Specifically, individualized interventions to promote exercise among elderly persons with hypertension who are single and living alone are needed. Male patients with a lower education level, poor well-being, poor family function, and the lowest self-management levels are a key population to target.

2.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 187: 109821, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677572

RESUMO

In this study, a porous framework MOF-74(Zn) (Zn2 (DHBDC)(DMF)(H2O)2, H4dondc = 1, 5-dioxido-2, 6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid) with open metal sites was successful synthesized. MOF-74(Zn) as a template was grafted on the open metal sites with ethylenediamine (en) named MOF-74(Zn)-en to develop a highly selective and sensitive fluorescence detector for rapid determination of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA). The obtained MOF-74(Zn)-en was well characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and showed ideal properties of photoluminescence. The fluorescence enhancement showed a good linear relationship with the concentrations of TBBPA in the range of 50-400 µg/L, and its limit of detection could reach to 0.75 µg/L. Furthermore, the possible sensing mechanism of the fluorescence enhancement could be attributed to Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). The results will provide a convenient and quick method for detection of TBBPA. To the best of my knowledge, this is the first case to detect TBBPA by fluorescence enhancement with MOF derivatives.

3.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 548-562, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232471

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence implies that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation participated in the tumorigenesis of gastric cancer (GC). Here we synthetically analyzing the prognostic value and expression profile of seven m6A methylation-relevant genes through silico analysis of sequencing data downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas, Kaplan-Meier plotter, and Gene Expression Omnibus database. We explored the methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) expression in GC cell line and tumor tissues by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The m6A methylation status of total RNA was measured by m6A RNA methylation quantification kit. Small interfering RNA was used to establish METTL3 knockdown cell lines. We also measure the proliferation and migration capability GC cell. Furthermore, we detect the epithelial cell mesenchymal transition marker and m6A methylation level after METTL3 knock down. Our result revealed that METTL3 was significantly increased in GC tissues compared with control in big crowd data sets. Survival analysis showed that METTL3 serve as a poor prognostic factor for GC patients. The expression level of METTL3 gradually increased with the progress of tumor stage and grade. GFI1 is an important transcription factor associated with METTL3. We verified the up-trend of METTL3 in messenger RNA and protein expression and observed a significant increase in the m6A methylation status of total RNA in the GC cells and tissues. METTL3 knockdown inhibited total RNA m6A methylation level, as well as cell proliferation and migration capacity. Moreover, METTL3 knockdown decreased α-smooth muscle actin. Taken together, our finding revealed that m6A methylation writer METTL3 serve as an oncogene in tumorigenesis of GC.

4.
Acta Trop ; 201: 105222, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639325

RESUMO

Toxoplasmosis, one of the most common zoonoses worldwide, is caused by Toxoplasma gondii. T. gondii can infect almost all warm-blooded animals, including humans. Horses are an intermediate host of T. gondii, representing a potential risk for humans. To determine the T. gondii seroprevalence in horses worldwide, a global meta-analysis was conducted. A total of 35 publications were obtained by searching the PubMed, ScienceDirect, Chinese Web of knowledge (CNKI) and Wanfang databases. A total of 12,354 horses were assessed, of which 1580 were positive for T. gondii. The pooled overall seroprevalence of horses infected by T. gondii was 11.29%. No significant difference of T. gondii seroprevalence was observed between male and female horses. The seroprevalence of T. gondii in horses from different countries varied. Our findings suggest that toxoplasmosis is prevalent in horses worldwide. Therefore, it is necessary to implement continuous monitoring of the status of T. gondii seroprevalence in horses. Moreover, powerful regulatory measures should be implemented to prevent and control the spread of toxoplasmosis.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1838-1844, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492350

RESUMO

Pt/Bi2WO6 composite photocatalysts were prepared by a facile photoreduction method. Pt nanoparticles with an average size of 5-8 nm were successfully deposited on the surface of Bi2WO6 microspheres and the photocatalytic activity of Bi2WO6 was greatly improved by Pt nanoparticles. The photo-induced charge transfer properties of samples were studied by means of surface photovoltage (SPV) and transient photovoltage (TPV) techniques, giving an insight into the intrinsic reasons of the improvement in photocatalytic activity. The SPV and TPV results revealed that the deposited Pt nanoparticles could trap photo-induced electrons and then largely enhance the separation efficiency of photo-induced charge carriers.

6.
Nanotechnology ; 31(2): 02LT01, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550691

RESUMO

Self-catalyzed metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) growth of Ga2O3 nanowires on GaN layers prepared on a sapphire substrate has been studied. Nanowire orientations are found to be growth temperature dominated. The vertical yields over total (VOT) curve shows a maximum peak beyond 70% around 480 °C, based on scanning electron microscope observations. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed a primary ß-(-201) normal orientation of as grown nanowires all over the studied temperature interval. Further transmission electron microscopy characterization had confirmed ß-(-201) normal axial orientation of these vertical nanowires, which have well crystallinity. The ß-(010)//GaN(110) in-plane epitaxial relationship is consistent with reported Ga2O3 film/nanowire growth. Nanowires crystallized in ß-[001] axial orientation were considered to be the inclined ones. Based on contrast experiments, the temperature dominated growth behavior is considered a thermodynamic process. The two observed crystalline orientation might have distinguishable but similar system energy, which results in coexistence of multi orientation nanowires over a large temperature span and an optimum temperature window for vertical ß-(-201) normal orientation. The presented optimized ß-Ga2O3 nanowire arrays with highest VOT close to 90% should effectively promote development of reliable high performance devices based on Ga2O3 nanowires.

7.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794418

RESUMO

Reconstructing gene networks from gene expression data is a long-standing challenge. In most applications, the observations can be divided into several distinct but related subpopulations and the gene expression measurements can be collected from multiple data types. Most existing methods are designed to estimate a single gene network from a single dataset. These methods may be suboptimal since they do not exploit the similarities and differences among different subpopulations and data types. In this article, we propose a joint graphical model to estimate the multiple gene networks simultaneously. Our model decomposes each subpopulation-specific gene network as a sum of common and unique components and imposes a group lasso penalty on gene networks corresponding to different data types. The gene network variations across subpopulations can be learned automatically by the decompositions of networks, and the similarities and differences among data types can be captured by the group lasso penalty. The simulation studies demonstrate that our method outperforms the state-of-the-art methods. We also apply our method to the cancer genome atlas breast cancer datasets to reconstruct subtype-specific gene networks. Hub nodes in the estimated subnetworks unique to individual cancer subtypes rediscover well-known genes associated with breast cancer subtypes and provide interesting predictions.

8.
J Environ Manage ; 255: 109485, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790866

RESUMO

Different regions in China face greatly dissimilar ecological and environmental problems due to large variations in natural conditions and socioeconomic development levels. Such spatial variability calls for regionalized environmental management and protection policies. Environmental function zoning is an effective tool for the design and implementation of differentiated environmental policies. To contain the ecological degradation in different regions of China, we first created a comprehensive environmental function evaluation index system that included 25 socioeconomic and environmental indicators for the three key elements of natural ecological security protection, healthy human living environment maintenance, and regional environment carrying capacity. To clarify the division of Chinese environmental function zoning in the new period, we use GIS and remote sensing technology. We generated 1-km resolution grid data for the 25 indicators and implemented this index system to evaluate the environmental function of the 2414 counties in China. Differentiated environmental management objectives and strategies were designed and implemented for different zones to avoid the phenomenon of one size fits all. This work lays a scientific foundation and provides a quantitative tool for the design and implementation of differentiated management. By considering not only the natural system but also the social and economic systems and their interactions, this evaluation of environmental function provides a more comprehensive view and thus offers new insights on balancing environmental protection and socioeconomic development.

9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793962

RESUMO

A facile and environmentally benign KI(cat.)/NaBO3·4H2O oxidation system has been developed for the tandem oxidative aminocyclization/coupling of tryptamines, affording a series of 3a,3a'-bispyrrolidino[2,3-b]indolines with high efficiency (up to 94% yield). This reaction features an electrophilic "I+" mechanism, which is importantly quite different from and milder than the typical radical-involving process, and can be readily amplified for the total synthesis of (+)-WIN 64821.

10.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1353-1360, Dec. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1040137

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The myodural bridge (MDB) is confirmed that connecting the most of suboccipital muscles to the cervical dura mater through the posterior intervertebral spaces and widely exists in mammals and birds. In order to reveal whether the MDB is universally existing in amniota of vertebrates, we explored the existence and the morphological features of the MDB in the Trachemys scripta elegans. Twenty fresh red-eared slider specimens were observed by the gross anatomy dissection and histological analysis. In the results, three kind of muscles in the postoccipital region of the red-eared slider were found. The rectus capitis dorsum minor muscle originated from the posterior margin of the occiput (C0) and terminated at the spinous process of the atlas (C1). The transversospinales muscle was attached to the vertebral arch and the postzygapophysis of the atlas and extended to the spinous process of the axis (C2). The C2-C3 intertransversales muscle were extended from the postzygapophysis of C2 and the one of C3. The three muscles covered the dorsal interspaces among C0-C3, and meantime they were closely connected with dense connective tissues, which filled in these interspaces. Each of these thick dense connective tissue membranes sent off several short and strong fibrous bundles ventrally to merge with the cervical spinal dura mater. Furthermore the connective tissues connecting these muscles with cervical spinal dura mater directly were revealed under the microscopy and they consisted of parallel and intensive collagen fibers with orientation from dorsal to ventral. In conclusion, this study for the first time demonstrated the existence of the MDB in the testudines, in all of the dorsal atlantooccipital, atlantoaxial and C2-C3 intervertebral spaces. Based on our results and comparative anatomical evidences in recent year, it could be inferred that the MDB might be its highly conserved structure in the evolution of amniota.


RESUMEN: Se confirma que el puente miodural (PMD) conecta la mayoría de los músculos suboccipitales con la duramadre cervical a través de los espacios intervertebrales posteriores y existe ampliamente en mamíferos y aves. Para revelar si el MDB existe universalmente en la amniota de vertebrados, exploramos la existencia y las características morfológicas del PMD en Trachemys scripta elegans. Veinte muestras se observaron mediante disección anatómica y análisis histológico. En los resultados, se encontraron tres tipos de músculos en la región occipital. El músculo recto capitis dorsum minor se originó en el margen posterior del occipital (C0) y terminó en el proceso espinoso del atlas (C1). El músculo transverso espinal se unió al arco vertebral y el proceso del atlas y se extendió al proceso espinoso del axis (C2). El músculo intertransversario C2-C3 se extendió entre los procesos transversos de C2 y el de C3. Los tres músculos cubrían los espacios intermedios dorsales entre C0-C3 y, mientras tanto, estaban estrechamente conectados con tejidos conectivos densos, que rellenaban estos espacios. Cada una de estas membranas densas de tejido conectivo envían varios haces fibrosos cortos y fuertes ventralmente para fusionarse con la duramadre espinal cervical. Además, los tejidos conectivos que conectan estos músculos con la duramadre cervical y espinal se revelaron directamente bajo microscopía y consistían en intensas fibras de colágeno, paralelas, con orientación desde dorsal a ventral. En conclusión, este estudio demostró por primera vez la existencia del PMD en los estudios de prueba, en todos los espacios dorsales atlantooccipital, atlantoaxial e intervertebral C2-C3. Sobre la base de nuestros resultados y las evidencias anatómicas comparativas de los últimos años, se podría inferir que el PMD podría ser una estructura altamente conservada en la evolución de la amniota.

11.
Pancreatology ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: FOLFIRINOX (FFX) or abraxane plus gemcitabine (AG)-based chemotherapy is used widely as firstline treatment for patients with pancreatic cancer. However, their use in the elderly is discouraged because of adverse events. More clinical data about the therapeutic response and tolerability to FFX or AG in elderly patents (over 70 years old) are required. METHODS: Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (n = 203; 131 metastatic pancreatic cancer patients (MPC) and 72 locally advanced pancreatic cancer patients (LAPC)) were treated using modified-FFX (mFFX) or AG and mFFX sequentially. The patients were grouped according to their age, patients below 70 years old and patients above 70 years old. The objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and adverse events were compared between the groups. RESULTS: The ORRs in the elderly and in patients below 70 were similar (30.0% versus 32.3%). The median OS and PFS were also similar between the groups (mOS 13.3 m vs 12.7 m, p = 0.729, HR 0.874 (95% CI 0.5310 to 1.438); mPFS mPFS 10.6 m vs 10.3 m, p = 0.363, HR 0.800 (95% CI 0.4954 to 1.293)). However, the elderly patients suffered a higher incidence of severe adverse events (50% vs. 28.3%). CONCLUSIONS: These data could provide guidance for chemotherapy use in elderly patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Age did not affect treatment outcome; however, supportive treatment is very important for elderly patients receiving chemotherapy.

12.
Cancer Nurs ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment-related decision-making process is a highly emotional time for parents of children with incurable cancer, and they tend to continue the cancer-directed treatment even when they realize that there is no cure for their child. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether parents involved in different treatment decisions regretted their treatment decision after their child's death. METHODS: We collected prospective data from 418 parents of children who died of incurable cancer after receiving cancer care at 1 of 4 hospitals. We assessed parent decisional regret and its association with the type of treatment decision made (non-cancer-directed vs cancer-directed). Propensity score-matched analysis (at a ratio of 1:1) was performed. RESULTS: One hundred forty-eight parents (35.4%) reported heightened regret. Two isonumerical arms with 103 (non-cancer-directed) and 103 (cancer-directed) resulted after propensity score matching. Parents with a cancer-directed treatment decision (relative risk, 1.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.24-1.90; P = .002) were more likely to report decisional regret compared with those with a non-cancer-directed decision. CONCLUSION: Bereaved parents with a cancer-directed treatment decision are more likely to experience increased regret for their decision than bereaved parents involved in a non-cancer-directed treatment decision. IMPLICATIONS: Shared-decision aids should be prepared for young parents with low education to improve disease-related knowledge, accurate risk perceptions, and options congruent with parents' values.

13.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e029253, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating the applicability of a novel index based on waist circumference (WC) and triglyceride (TG) which was named lipid accumulation product (LAP) in the Southern Chinese population, and compared the predictive effects of LAP and other obesity indicators on hypertension risk. Moreover, this study investigated the interactive effects of LAP and family history of hypertension. METHODS: A total number of 2079 of community-dwelling adults in Southern China were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. The participants underwent questionnaire surveys, anthropometric tests and laboratory examinations. Themultinomial logistic regression model and receiver operating characteristic curves, including LAP, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), WC and TG, were used to assess the association between hypertension risk and obesity indexes. The interaction effects were evaluated by relative excess risk of interaction (RERI), attributable proportion due to interaction (AP) and synergy index (SI). RESULTS: Higher LAP levels have a relatively higher risk of having hypertension in both sexes (males: adjusted OR=2.79 per SD increase, 95% CI 1.43 to 5.44, p<0.001; females: adjusted OR=3.15, 95% CI 1.56 to 6.39, p<0.001). LAP (area under the curve=0.721; 95% CI 0.680 to 0.761) is a better indicator in identifying hypertension risk than BMI, WHR and TG in females, but WC performed better in males. A significant interaction between LAP and family history of hypertension was observed in males (RERI=1.652, 95% CI 0.267 to 3.037; AP=0.516, 95% CI 0.238 to 0.794; SI=3.998, 95% CI 0.897 to 17.820), but there is no statistically significant difference in females. CONCLUSIONS: LAP significantly associates with hypertension risk in the Southern Chinese population. It has better performance than BMI, WHR and TG on predicting hypertension risk of the Southern Chinese female population. Moreover, LAP and family history of hypertension might synergistically increase the risk of hypertension.

14.
BMJ Open ; 9(11): e031126, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between sleep duration and hypertension of migrant workers aged 18-59 years in China. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study using a complex survey sampling design. PARTICIPANTS: There were 43 655 subjects in our analysis, after excluding people with missing information for key exposure and outcome variables and abnormal values for sleep duration (≤2 or ≥17 hours). PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE: Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (BP) ≥140 mm Hg and/or diastolic BP ≥90 mm Hg, or self-reported history of hypertension diagnosis in hospitals at the township (community) level or above and use of hypertensive medicine in the last 2 weeks. RESULTS: Of 43 655 subjects, 15.6% (95% CI 15.1% to 16.1%) of migrant workers had hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension decreased with the increased sleep duration, both in males and females. Logistic regression models, using 7-8 hours sleep/day as the reference, showed a greater odds for hypertension among men and women who reported <6 hours of sleep after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, behavioural risk factors, body mass index, diabetes, stroke and myocardial infarction (men: OR 1.26; 95% CI 1.03 to 1.54, women: OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.13 to 2.06, pinteraction =0.096). Further stratified by age and migration time, it revealed that among adults less than 45 years old, those sleeping 9 or more hours had adjusted odds for hypertension of 0.82 (95% CI 0.72 to 0.93, pinteraction=0.020),while there was no evidence of an association between sleep duration and hypertension among adults aged 45-59 years. Among adults whose migration time was less than 4.5 years, those sleeping 9 or more hours had adjusted odds for hypertension of 0.80 (95% CI 0.68 to 0.94, pinteraction=0.097). CONCLUSION: The association between sleep duration and hypertension varies by age. Short sleep duration (<6 hours) is associated with an increased prevalence of hypertension in both genders.

15.
Eye (Lond) ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of topical tacrolimus 0.1% and cyclosporine 1% on high-risk penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A series of 49 high-risk PKP patients (49 eyes), 20 males, 29 females from the age of 4 months to 74 years of age with the mean of 32.5 from 2012 to 2017 were recruited in this study. The patients were randomly divided into two groups by receiving either topical tacrolimus 0.1% or cyclosporine 1% respectively. Twenty five patients were treated with topical tacrolimus 0.1% and 24 patients with topical cyclosporine 1%. The traditional baseline management on these two groups were Tobramycin and Dexamethasone eye drops in the first 3 weeks and then tapered off. Clinical procedures and postoperative follow-up were documented. RESULTS: After 6-54 months follow-up, with the average of 24 months, 11 of 24 high-risk patients (11 eyes) had graft rejection, the rejection rate was 45.8% in topical cyclosporine 1% group. The rejections occurred from 35 days to 20 months after PKP. Three patients had irreversible rejection. On topical tacrolimus 0.1% group, the rejection occurred in four patients (four eyes) with rejection rate of 16%, and no irreversible rejection was observed. The graft rejection episodes were documented between 23 days and 24 months. As compared with the topical cyclosporine 1%, topical tacrolimus 0.1%, a key immunosuppressant, significantly decreased corneal graft rejection rate (p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Topical tacrolimus 01% on high-risk PKP patients significantly prevented corneal graft rejection, and it had less adverse effects and was very safe to high-risk patients as to topical cyclosporine 1%. Further case controlled randomized clinical trial studies are needed to establish the best management option for these high-risk patients.

16.
Exp Appl Acarol ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784855

RESUMO

The ornate sheep tick, Dermacentor marginatus, is widespread in Europe. Its vector role of various zoonotic pathogens received much attention in these regions. However, the genomic resources of the ticks are limited. In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of a single female D. marginatus collected in Slovakia was sequenced through the Illumina HiSeq sequencing platform. The mitochondrial genome is 15,067 bp long and contains 13 protein-coding genes, two ribosomal RNA genes and 22 transfer RNA genes. The overall G+C content is 21.6%. The gene order is identical to that of Metastriata ticks. The codon usage pattern is similar with that of other tick species. As in other ticks, two truncated tRNA genes were observed. Two control regions were found between tRNA-Leu and tRNA-Cys, tRNA-Ile and rrnS, respectively. The mitochondrial genome contains three noncoding regions, which is similar to that in D. nitens. The noncoding region located between rrnS and tRNA-Val is shorter than that of other Dermacentor species. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that D. marginatus is clustered with other Dermacentor species. These findings are helpful for exploring the systematics and evolution of ticks in the future.

17.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122429, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791919

RESUMO

In this study, a process that combines iron-carbon micro-electrolysis (IC-ME) with the anammox process was successfully established for promoting nitrogen removal, especially the removal of nitrate by-product. Compared with the conventional anammox process, the average total nitrogen removal efficiency of the combined system increased from 64.6% to 90.2% and 83.8% when the system was effectively operated for 4 days (Phase 2) and 13 days (Phase 3), respectively. In this combined system, IC-ME played a dual role: 1) converting the nitrate to ammonia as the nitrogen substrate for further degradation, and 2) producing Fe2+, Fe3+ and H2 for the nitrogen removal processes of NH4+ oxidation with Fe3+ reduction (Feammox), nitrate-dependent Fe2+ oxidation (NDFO), and denitrification, in addition to the anammox process. Microbial analysis using 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing revealed Candidatus Kuenenia and Candidatus Brocadia as the major anammox genera, accounting for 1.01% and 0.15%, respectively.

18.
Neuromolecular Med ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scutellarin, an herbal compound, can effectively suppress the inflammatory response in activated microglia/brain macrophage(AM/BM) in experimentally induced cerebral ischemia; however, the underlying mechanism for this has not been fully clarified. We sought to elucidate if scutellarin would exert its anti-inflammatory effects on AM/BM through the MAPKs pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Western blot and immunofluorescence labeling were used to determine the expression of the MAPKs pathway in AM/BM in rats subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) also in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated BV-2 microglia in vitro. Furthermore, expression of p-p38 along with that of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta(IL-1ß), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in LPS-activated microglia subjected to pretreatment with p38 inhibitor SB203580, p38 activator sc-201214, scutellarin, or a combination of them was evaluated. FINDINGS: Scutellarin markedly attenuated the expression of p-p38, p-JNK in AM/BM in MCAO rats and in vitro. Conversely, p-ERK1/2 expression level was significantly increased by scutellarin. Meanwhile, scutellarin suppressed the expression of proinflammatory mediators including iNOS, TNF-α, and IL-1ß in AM/BM. More importantly, SB203580 suppressed p-p38 protein expression level in LPS-activated BV-2 microglia that was coupled with decreased expression of proinflammatory mediators (TNF-α, iNOS) in LPS-activated BV-2 microglia. However, p38 activator sc-201214 increased expression of proinflammatory mediators TNF-α, iNOS, and IL-1ß. Interestingly, the decreased expression of both proinflammatory markers by p38 MAPK inhibitor and increased expression of proinflammatory markers by p38 MAPK activator were compatible with that in BV-2-activated microglia pretreated with scutellarin. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that scutellarin down-regulates the expression of proinflammatory mediators in AM/BM through suppressing the p-JNK and p-p38 MAPKs. Of note, the anti-inflammatory effect of p38 MAPK inhibitor and scutellarin is comparable. Besides, p38 MAPKs activator reverses the effect of scutellarin. Additionally, scutellarin increases p-ERK1/2 expression that may be neuroprotective.

19.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793297

RESUMO

Ginsenoside-Rb1 (Rb1), a major active component of ginseng, has many benefits for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus (DM); but the effect and mechanism on diabetic cardiomyopathy are not clear. In the present studies, we found Rb1-feeding significantly improved cardiac dysfunction and abnormal cardiomyocytes calcium signaling caused by diabetes. This improved calcium signaling was due to that Rb1 reduced Ca2+ leakage caused by over-activated ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2) and increased Ca2+ uptake by sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase 2a (SERCA 2a). Furthermore, we found that Rb1 not only enhanced energy metabolism like metformin, eliminated O-GlcNAcylation of calcium handling proteins to regulate calcium signaling, but also directly inhibited RyR2 activity to regulate calcium signaling. This present studies indicated that as a health supplement or drug, Rb1 was a relatively effective auxiliary therapeutic substance for diabetic cardiomyopathy.

20.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793608

RESUMO

Hypoxia is known to be a common feature within many types of solid tumors, which is closely related to the limited efficacy of radiotherapy. Meanwhile, due to the non-discriminatory killing effect of both normal and cancer cells during the radiation process, traditional radiosensitizers could bring severe non-negligible side-effects to the whole body. In this work, stable and atomically precise Mn clusters which possess efficient pH-triggered catalytic selective capacity are developed rationally. Mn clusters could efficiently catalyze oxygen production in an acidic tumor microenvironment, while exhibiting strong reducibility and free radical scavenging ability in neutral circumstances. In vivo experiments show that Mn clusters are able to enhance the radiotherapy effect in the mouse model of 4T1 tumors and protect normal tissues from radiation at the same time. Thus, the present work provides a novel dual-functional strategy to enhance radiotherapy-induced tumor treatment by improving tumor oxygenation and protect normal tissues from radiation simultaneously.

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