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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(3): 1838-1844, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492350

RESUMO

Pt/Bi2WO6 composite photocatalysts were prepared by a facile photoreduction method. Pt nanoparticles with an average size of 5-8 nm were successfully deposited on the surface of Bi2WO6 microspheres and the photocatalytic activity of Bi2WO6 was greatly improved by Pt nanoparticles. The photo-induced charge transfer properties of samples were studied by means of surface photovoltage (SPV) and transient photovoltage (TPV) techniques, giving an insight into the intrinsic reasons of the improvement in photocatalytic activity. The SPV and TPV results revealed that the deposited Pt nanoparticles could trap photo-induced electrons and then largely enhance the separation efficiency of photo-induced charge carriers.

2.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 548-562, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232471

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence implies that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation participated in the tumorigenesis of gastric cancer (GC). Here we synthetically analyzing the prognostic value and expression profile of seven m6A methylation-relevant genes through silico analysis of sequencing data downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas, Kaplan-Meier plotter, and Gene Expression Omnibus database. We explored the methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) expression in GC cell line and tumor tissues by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. The m6A methylation status of total RNA was measured by m6A RNA methylation quantification kit. Small interfering RNA was used to establish METTL3 knockdown cell lines. We also measure the proliferation and migration capability GC cell. Furthermore, we detect the epithelial cell mesenchymal transition marker and m6A methylation level after METTL3 knock down. Our result revealed that METTL3 was significantly increased in GC tissues compared with control in big crowd data sets. Survival analysis showed that METTL3 serve as a poor prognostic factor for GC patients. The expression level of METTL3 gradually increased with the progress of tumor stage and grade. GFI1 is an important transcription factor associated with METTL3. We verified the up-trend of METTL3 in messenger RNA and protein expression and observed a significant increase in the m6A methylation status of total RNA in the GC cells and tissues. METTL3 knockdown inhibited total RNA m6A methylation level, as well as cell proliferation and migration capacity. Moreover, METTL3 knockdown decreased α-smooth muscle actin. Taken together, our finding revealed that m6A methylation writer METTL3 serve as an oncogene in tumorigenesis of GC.

3.
Stem Cells ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574189

RESUMO

Mitochondrial phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PCK2) is a rate-limiting enzyme that plays critical roles in multiple physiological processes. The decompensation of PCK2 leads to various energy metabolic disorders. However, little is known regarding the effects of PCK2 on osteogenesis by human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Here, we report a novel function of PCK2 as a positive regulator of MSCs osteogenic differentiation. In addition to its well-known role in anabolism, we demonstrate that PCK2 regulates autophagy. PCK2 deficiency significantly suppressed autophagy, leading to the impairment of osteogenic capacity of MSCs. On the other hand, autophagy was promoted by PCK2 overexpression; this was accompanied by increased osteogenic differentiation of MSCs. Moreover, PCK2 regulated osteogenic differentiation of MSCs via AMPK/ULK1-dependent autophagy. Collectively, our present study unveiled a novel role for PCK2 in integrating autophagy and bone formation, providing a potential target for stem-cell-based bone tissue engineering that may lead to improved therapies for metabolic bone diseases. © AlphaMed Press 2019 SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: The degradation substances from autophagy can be used as an optional nutrient supply for cell survival and differentiation, making autophagy a suitable energy-refuelling process during osteogenesis by MSCs. Although mitochondrial phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PCK2) has been suggested as a critical enzyme for anabolism, it has been unclear whether PCK2 play critical roles in autophagy. The study first determines that PCK2 promotes osteogenic differentiation by positively regulating autophagy in MSCs, which facilities better application of bone tissue engineering and maintenance of bone homeostasis.

4.
Bioconjug Chem ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597042

RESUMO

The interaction between light and tissue such as absorption and scattering limits the penetration depth and spatiotemporal resolution of in vivo fluorescence bioimaging by non-invasive manners. The near-infrared window (NIR) between 700 and 1700 nm, generally emphasized the NIR-II (1000-1700 nm) window has been developing into a promising bio-optical solution chosen as the lower interaction effect in this spectrum. Besides, the beam shaping techniques used in microscopy can also optimize the image quality making the combination chance NIR imaging. In this review, we summarize the recent progress developed on NIR fluorescence including inorganic molecules, small organic molecules and fluorescence proteins. We also cover the recent advanced beam shaped microscopy techniques to provide the options to combine with the emitters introduced previously. Combining with the developed advanced techniques, the improvement potential of current challenges was also discussed.

5.
BMC Mol Biol ; 20(1): 23, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570097

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The BACE1 antisense transcript (BACE1-AS) is a conserved long noncoding RNA (lncRNA). The level of BACE1-AS is significantly increased and the level of the BACE1 mRNA is slightly increased in subjects with AD. BACE1-AS exerts a significant moderating effect on the expression of the BACE1 mRNA and promotes the formation of Aß. After the administration of Aß1-42 to SH-SY5Y cells and C57/BL6J mice, we detected the expression of BACE1-AS, BACE1 mRNA, and BACE1 protein, as well as the concentration of Aß1-40. Then, we silenced the expression of BACE1-AS in SH-SY5Y and 20E2 cells using siRNAs targeting BACE1-AS and detected its effects on the levels of the BACE1 mRNA and BACE1 protein and Aß1-40 generation. RESULTS: The administration of Aß1-42 increased the expression of BACE1-AS, BACE1 mRNA and protein, as well as the concentration of Aß1-40 in SH-SY5Y cells and the brains of C57BL/6J mice. Pretreatment with the BACE1-AS siRNA inhibited the effect of Aß1-42 on increasing the expression of BACE1-AS and BACE1, as well as the generation of Aß. CONCLUSIONS: The mechanism by which exogenous Aß1-42 induces BACE1 expression and Aß generation is mediated by BACE1-AS. BACE1-AS is involved in the mechanism regulating BACE1 expression and Aß generation in APPsw transgenic cells.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587423

RESUMO

Dearomatization of indoles and their derivatives provides efficient synthetic routes for substituted indolines. In most cases, indoles serve as nucleophiles by reacting with electrophiles at the C3 position. Herein, we report an asymmetric dearomatization reaction of indole derivatives that function as electrophiles. The combined utilization of photocatalyst and chiral phosphoric acid in air unlocks the umpolung reactivity of indoles, enabling enantioselective dearomatization of indole derivatives with N -hydroxycarbamates as nucleophiles. A variety of optically active fused indolines bearing intriguing oxy-amines were constructed in excellent yields with moderate to high enantioselectivity. As suggested by preliminary mechanistic studies, key to the success is the realization of two sequential SET oxidation of indole derivatives under dual catalysis that can generate the configurationally biased carbocation species while providing the source of stereochemical induction. The current results not only provide an efficient synthesis of highly enantioenriched indoline derivatives, but also offer a novel strategy for further designing asymmetric dearomatization reactions.

7.
Adv Mater ; : e1901015, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576632

RESUMO

Near-infrared II (NIR-II) imaging at 1100-1700 nm shows great promise for medical diagnosis related to blood vessels because it possesses deep penetration and high resolution in biological tissue. Unfortunately, currently available NIR-II fluorophores exhibit slow excretion and low brightness, which prevents their potential medical applications. An atomic-precision gold (Au) cluster with 25 gold atoms and 18 peptide ligands is presented. The Au25 clusters show emission at 1100-1350 nm and the fluorescence quantum yield is significantly increased by metal-atom doping. Bright gold clusters can penetrate deep tissue and can be applied in in vivo brain vessel imaging and tumor metastasis. Time-resolved brain blood-flow imaging shows significant differences between healthy and injured mice with different brain diseases in vivo. High-resolution imaging of cancer metastasis allows for the identification of the primary tumor, blood vessel, and lymphatic metastasis. In addition, gold clusters with NIR-II fluorescence are used to monitor high-resolution imaging of kidney at a depth of 0.61 cm, and the quantitative measurement shows 86% of the gold clusters are cleared from body without any acute or long-term toxicity at a dose of 100 mg kg-1 .

8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(20): e012338, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576776

RESUMO

Background Heart failure (HF) is one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality for the cardiovascular risk population. We found previously that extracellular HSP70 (heat shock protein) is an important trigger in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, which are associated with the development of heart dysfunction. However, the potential role of HSP70 in response to HF and whether it could be a target for the therapy of HF remain unknown. Methods and Results An HF mouse model was generated by a single IP injection of doxorubicin at a dose of 15 mg/kg. Ten days later, these mice were treated with an HSP70 neutralizing antibody for 5 times. We observed that doxorubicin treatment increased circulating HSP70 and expression of HSP70 in myocardium and promoted its extracellular release in the heart. Blocking extracellular HSP70 activity by its antibody significantly ameliorated doxorubicin-induced left ventricular dilation and dysfunction, which was accompanied by a significant inhibition of cardiac fibrosis. The cardioprotective effect of the anti-HSP70 antibody was largely attributed to its ability to promote the resolution of myocardial inflammation, as evidenced by its suppression of the toll-like receptor 2-associated signaling cascade and modulation of the intracellular distribution of the p50 and p65 subunits of nuclear factor-κB. Conclusions Extracellular HSP70 serves as a noninfectious inflammatory factor in the development of HF, and blocking extracellular HSP70 activity may provide potential therapeutic benefits for the treatment of HF.

9.
Oncologist ; 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary vaginal melanomas are uncommon and aggressive tumors with poor prognosis, and the development of new targeted therapies is essential. This study aimed to identify the molecular markers occurring in these patients and potentially improve treatment strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinicopathological characteristics of 36 patients with primary vaginal melanomas were reviewed. Oncogenic mutations in BRAF, KIT, NRAS, GNAQ and GNA11 and the promoter region of telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) were investigated using the Sanger sequencing. The expression and copy number of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) were also assessed. RESULTS: Mutations in NRAS, KIT, and TERT promoter were identified in 13.9% (5/36), 2.9% (1/34), and 5.6% (2/36) of the primary vaginal melanomas, respectively. PD-L1 expression and amplification were observed in 27.8% (10/36) and 5.6% (2/36) of cases, respectively. PD-L1 positive expression and/or amplification was associated with older patients (p = .008). Patients who had NRAS mutations had a poorer overall survival compared with those with a wild-type NRAS (33.5 vs. 14.0 months; hazard ratio [HR], 3.09; 95% CI, 1.08-8.83). Strikingly, two patients with/without PD-L1 expression receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors had a satisfying outcome. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that >10 mitoses per mm2 (HR, 2.96; 95% CI, 1.03-8.51) was an independent prognostic factor. CONCLUSIONS: NRAS mutations and PD-L1 expression were most prevalent in our cohort of primary vaginal melanomas and can be potentially considered as therapeutic targets. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This study used the Sanger sequencing, immunohistochemistry, and fluorescence in situ hybridization methods to detect common genetic mutations and PD-L1 expression and copy number in 36 primary vaginal melanomas. NRAS mutations and PD-L1 expression were the most prevalent, but KIT and TERT mutations occurred at a lower occurrence in this rare malignancy. Two patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors had a satisfying outcome, signifying that the PD-L1 expression and amplification can be a possible predictive marker of clinical response. This study highlights the possible prospects of biomarkers that can be used for patient selection in clinical trials involving treatments with novel targeted therapies based on these molecular aberrations.

10.
Nature ; 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578525

RESUMO

Transcription and pre-mRNA splicing are key steps in the control of gene expression and mutations in genes regulating each of these processes are common in leukaemia1,2. Despite the frequent overlap of mutations affecting epigenetic regulation and splicing in leukaemia, how these processes influence one another to promote leukaemogenesis is not understood and, to our knowledge, there is no functional evidence that mutations in RNA splicing factors initiate leukaemia. Here, through analyses of transcriptomes from 982 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia, we identified frequent overlap of mutations in IDH2 and SRSF2 that together promote leukaemogenesis through coordinated effects on the epigenome and RNA splicing. Whereas mutations in either IDH2 or SRSF2 imparted distinct splicing changes, co-expression of mutant IDH2 altered the splicing effects of mutant SRSF2 and resulted in more profound splicing changes than either mutation alone. Consistent with this, co-expression of mutant IDH2 and SRSF2 resulted in lethal myelodysplasia with proliferative features in vivo and enhanced self-renewal in a manner not observed with either mutation alone. IDH2 and SRSF2 double-mutant cells exhibited aberrant splicing and reduced expression of INTS3, a member of the integrator complex3, concordant with increased stalling of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). Aberrant INTS3 splicing contributed to leukaemogenesis in concert with mutant IDH2 and was dependent on mutant SRSF2 binding to cis elements in INTS3 mRNA and increased DNA methylation of INTS3. These data identify a pathogenic crosstalk between altered epigenetic state and splicing in a subset of leukaemias, provide functional evidence that mutations in splicing factors drive myeloid malignancy development, and identify spliceosomal changes as a mediator of IDH2-mutant leukaemogenesis.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2947-2952, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602838

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to discuss the protective effect and mechanism of Acanthopanax senticosus polysaccharides( ASPs) on immunological liver injury caused by conanavalin A( Con A). BALB/c mice were randomly divided into seven groups: control group,model group( Con A),low-,medium-,and high-dose( 36. 25,72. 5,145 mg·kg~(-1)) ASPs groups,bifendate( 200 mg·kg~(-1),positive drug) group and pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate( PDTC,NF-κB inhibitor,200 mg·kg~(-1)) group. ASPs groups and bifendate group were given with corresponding drugs by ig administration once daily for 7 d. Control group,model group and PDTC group were given with normal saline by ig administration once daily for 7 d. After the last ig administration,PDTC was given in DTC group by iv administration( 200 mg·kg~(-1)); 0. 5 h after that,Con A( 20 mg·kg~(-1)) was injected via the tail vein to induce immunological liver injury in all the mice except normal control group. The mice were killed 8 h later and their liver tissues were collected for histopathological examination. The contents of nitric oxide( NO),superoxide dismutase( SOD),malondialdehyde( MDA),reduced glutathione( GSHPX),interleukin( IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor( TNF-α) in liver tissues were detected by kit assay. Western blot method was used to detect TNF-α,intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1( ICAM-1),inducible nitric oxide synthase( i NOS) and nuclear factor( NF-κB) protein expression in liver tissues. As compared with model group,ASPs not only could reduce the activity of MDA,NO,IL-1ß and TNF-α,but also increase the content of GSH-PX and SOD; at the same time,the protein expression levels of TNF-α,ICAM-1,i NOS and NF-κB were reduced in liver tissues; in addition,inflammatory cell infiltration was alleviated,hepatocyte cytoplasm was loose and swollen,and nuclear condensation and staining were improved. ASPs has a protective effect on immunological liver injury,and the mechanism may be associated with regulating secretion of inflammatory cytokines and the expression of adhesion factor through NF-κB signaling pathway.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3460-3467, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602910

RESUMO

To investigate the pharmacodynamic effect and virulent effect of the main components of the toxic Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii,such as triptolide,tripchlorolide,tripterine,demethylzeylasteral,wilfotrine and euonine,the admet SAR online assessment system was used to calculate the properties of the main components of T. wilfordii. The potential targets of the components were mined and collected through multiple databases,and the potential targets were enriched by the bioinformatics database DAVID.Cytoscape software was used to establish a " target-pathway" network and perform topology analysis on the network. The main chemical components of T. wilfordii were able to penetrate the blood-brain barrier and had intestinal permeability. A total of 65 targets were predicted,including pathways in cancer,hepatitis B,rheumatoid arthritis,and chagas disease( American trypanosomiasis),Toll-like receptor signaling pathway,apoptosis,colorectal cancer,NF-kappa B signaling pathway,etc. T. wilfordii mainly plays a role in the treatment of immune diseases and cancer by regulating inflammatory signaling pathways and cancer signaling pathways. Its action on apoptosis pathway and drug metabolism enzymes may be the mechanism of its toxicity.

13.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 20(11): 910-919, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mental disorders of the elderly population in China deserve attention. Social health is significantly associated with depression. This study aimed to evaluate the rate of depressive symptoms and to test the relationships between social health and depressive symptoms among a large sample of community-dwelling elderly adults. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among community-dwelling adults aged 60 years or above in Zhejiang Province, China. Face-to-face interviews were used to complete a structured questionnaire for all participants. We used the Social Health Scale for the Elderly (SHSE) to evaluate social health status and used the short form of the Geriatric Depression Scale to evaluate depressive symptoms. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between social health status and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: Of the total of 3757 participants included, 1887 (50.23%) were female, and the mean±standard deviation (SD) age was (70.0±8.3) years. The rate of depressive symptoms was 25.92%. The social health score was higher in non-depressed participants than in depressed participants (raw score 50.7 vs. 48.3, P<0.001). Participants with "moderate" or "good" social health had a significantly lower risk of depressive symptoms than those with "poor" social health (odds ratio (OR)=0.55, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.46-0.66 for moderate social health; OR=0.45, 95% CI: 0.35-0.60 for good social health). The association between social health and depressive symptoms was consistent across several subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Social health is significantly inversely associated with depressive symptoms. The SHSE may serve as an efficient screener to identify those elderly adults with social health deficits, but systematic assessment to guide intervention merits further investigation.

14.
Curr Mol Med ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study took the untreated OSAHS patients as the control group, exploring the influence of minimally invasive surgery treatment and CPAP therapy on OSAHS patients, subjective and objective performance, discussing their relationship, finding out the effect factor and providing a simple and practical evaluation of clinical efficacy. METHODS: Choose 90 OSAHS patients diagnosed in the Sleep Disorders Diagnosis and Treatment Center of Sichuan Province from May 2014 to May 2016,divide into surgery group, CPAP group and untreated group,then follow up in six month、1year、2year respectively. Compare three groups, physiological indicators, clinical symptoms, the degree of daytime sleepiness and quality of life, evaluate the daytime sleepiness and quality of life changes before and after minimally invasive surgery and CPAP treatment, explore the subjective and objective efficacy of surgery and CPAP treatment. RESULTS: In the 90 patients,11(12.2%) had the hypertension, 2(2.2%) had the diabetes. The average AHI was 50.53±23.39 per hour,and the mean minimum oxygen saturation and mean oxygen saturation was 71.25±14.16%,90.13±5.90% respectively; There were statistical significant in mouth breathing、morning throat、daytime sleepiness in surgery group at 0.5 year and 1year; In CPAP group,there were statistical significant in mouth breathing、morning throat、daytime sleepiness at 0.5 year、1year and 2year, there was statistical significant in memory loss at 1year and 2year, there was statistical significant in frequent nocturia at 1year; The ESS value in surgery group decreased at 0.5y and 1y,but increased at 2year.The situation was the same in total points and each dimension of SF-36; The delta values of ESS among three groups had statistical significant at 0.5year、1year and 2year, and CPAP group changed the most, followed by surgery group and healthy education group. CONCLUSIONS: All the minimally invasive surgery、CPAP therapy and healthy education can improve the daytime sleepiness and quality of life, CPAP therapy changed the most, followed by minimally invasive surgery and healthy education. But the treatment of OSAHS should be comprehensive.

15.
Br J Radiol ; : 20181055, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596129

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We proposed to determine whether the performance of inexperienced radiologists in determining EMVI in rectal cancer on MRI can be promoted by means of targeted training. METHODS: 230 rectal cancer patients who underwent preoperative chemoradiotherapy were included. Pre-therapy and post-therapy MR images and pathology EMVI evaluation were available for cases. 230 cases were randomly divided into 150 training cases and 80 testing cases, including 40 testing case A and 40 testing case B. Four radiologists were included for MRI EMVI evaluation, who were divided into targeted training group and non-targeted training group. The two groups evaluated testing case A at baseline, 3 month and 6 month, evaluated testing case B at 6 month. The main outcome was agreement with expert-reference for pre- and post-therapy evaluation, the other outcome was accuracy with pathology for post-therapy evaluation. RESULTS: After 6 months of training, targeted training group showed statistically higher agreement with expert-reference than non-targeted training group for both pre-therapy and post-therapy MRI EMVI evaluation of testing case A and testing case B, all p < 0.05. Targeted training group also showed significantly higher accuracy with pathology than non-targeted training group for post-therapy evaluation of testing case A and testing case B after 6 months of training, all p < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic performance for MRI EMVI evaluation could be promoted by targeted training for inexperienced radiologist. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This study provided the first evidence that after 6 month's targeted training, inexperienced radiologists demonstrated improved diagnostic performance, with a 20% increase in agreement with expert-reference for both pre-therapy and post-therapy MRI EMVI evaluation and also a 20% increase in or accuracy with pathologyfor post-therapy evaluation;while inexperienced radiologists could not gain obvious improvement in MRI EMVI evaluation through the same period of regular clinical practice. It indicated that targeted training may be necessary for helping inexperienced radiologist to acquire adequate experience for the MRI EMVI evaluation of rectal cancer, especially for radiologist who works in a medical unit where MRI EMVI diagnosis is uncommon.

16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568662

RESUMO

Thyroid cancer is maintaining at a high incidence level and its carcinogenesis is mainly affected by a complex gene interaction. By analysis of the next-generation resequencing of paired papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and adjacent thyroid tissues, we found that Growth Associated Protein 43 (GAP43), a phosphoprotein activated by protein kinase C, might be novel markers associated with PTC. However, its function in thyroid carcinoma has been poorly understood. We discovered that GAP43 was significantly overexpressed in thyroid carcinoma and these results were consistent with that in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort. In addition, some clinicopathological features of GAP43 in TCGA database showed that up-regulated GAP43 is significantly connected to lymph node metastasis (P < 0.001) and tumour size (P = 0.038). In vitro experiments, loss of function experiments was performed to investigate GAP43 in PTC cell lines (TPC-1 and BCPAP). The results proved that GAP43 knockdown in PTC cell significantly decreased the function of cell proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion and induced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, we also indicated that GAP43 could modulate the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins, which could influence invasion and migration. Put those results together, GAP43 is a gene which was associated with PTC and might be a potential therapeutic target.

17.
Plant J ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571281

RESUMO

Drought stress induces anthocyanin biosynthesis in many plant species. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. Ethylene response factors (ERFs) play key roles in plant growth and various stress responses including affecting anthocyanin biosynthesis. Here, we characterized an ERF protein MdERF38 involved in drought stress-induced anthocyanin biosynthesis. Biochemical and molecular analyses showed that MdERF38 interacted with MdMYB1, a positive modulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis, and facilitated the binding of MdMYB1 to its target genes. Therefore, MdERF38 promoted anthocyanin biosynthesis in response to drought stress. Furthermore, we found that MdBT2, a negative modulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis, decreased MdERF38-promoted anthocyanin biosynthesis by accelerating the degradation of the MdERF38 protein. In summary, our data provide a mechanism of the drought stress-induced anthocyanin biosynthesis that involves dynamic modulation of MdERF38 at both transcriptional and post-translational levels.

18.
Indian J Med Res ; 150(1): 101-102, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571637
19.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553878

RESUMO

Neurotrauma is one of the most serious traumatic injuries, which can induce an excess amount of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS) around the wound, triggering a series of biochemical responses and neuroinflammation. Traditional antioxidant-based bandages can effectively decrease infection via preventing oxidative stress, but its effectiveness is limited to a short period of time due to the rapid loss of electron-donating ability. Herein, we developed a nanozyme-based bandage using single-atom Pt/CeO2 with a persistent catalytic activity for noninvasive treatment of neurotrauma. Single-atom Pt induced the lattice expansion and preferred distribution on (111) facets of CeO2, enormously increasing the endogenous catalytic activity. Pt/CeO2 showed a 2-10 times higher scavenging activity against RONS as well as 3-10 times higher multienzyme activities compared to CeO2 clusters. The single-atom Pt/CeO2 retained the long-lasting catalytic activity for up to a month without obvious decay due to enhanced electron donation through the Mars-van Krevelen reaction. In vivo studies disclosed that the nanozyme-based bandage at the single-atom level can significantly improve the wound healing of neurotrauma and reduce neuroinflammation.

20.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502679

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify significant biomarkers related to the prognosis of liver cancer using long noncoding RNA (lncRNA)-associated competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) analysis. Differentially expressed mRNA and lncRNAs between liver cancer and paracancerous tissues were screened, and the functions of these mRNAs were predicted by gene ontology and pathway enrichment analyses. A ceRNA network consisting of differentially expressed mRNAs and lncRNAs was constructed. LncRNA FENDRR and lncRNA HAND2-AS1 were hub nodes in the ceRNA network. A risk score assessment model consisting of eight genes (PDE2A, ESR1, FBLN5, ALDH8A1, AKR1D1, EHHADH, ADRA1A, and GNE) associated with prognosis were developed. Multivariate Cox regression suggested that both pathologic_T and risk group could be regarded as independent prognostic factors. Furthermore, a nomogram model consisting of pathologic_T and risk group showed a good prediction ability for predicting the survival rate of liver cancer patients. The nomogram model consisting of pathologic_T and a risk score assessment model could be regarded as an independent factor for predicting prognosis of liver cancer.

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