Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 10.661
Filtrar
1.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(2): 375-381, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32859801

RESUMO

Singing, as a method of combining respiratory function exercise and vocal intonation therapy, provides a new direction for respiratory function exercise in patients with spinal cord injury. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of oral motor respiratory exercise and vocal intonation therapy on respiratory function and vocal quality in patients with spinal cord injury. Among 31 included patients with spinal cord injury, 18 completed the treatment. These 18 patients were randomly assigned to undergo music therapy (intervention group, 30 min/d, 5 times a week, for a total of 12 weeks; n = 9, 7 males and 2 females; 30.33 ± 11.74 years old) or normal respiratory training (control group, n = 9; 8 males and 1 female; 34.78 ± 11.13 years old). Both patient groups received routine treatment concurrently. Before and at 6 and 12 weeks after intervention, a standard respiratory function test, a voice test, the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire, and a quality of life questionnaire were administered. The results showed that the inspiratory capacity, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, forced vital capacity, maximal mid-expiratory flow rate, sing-loud pressure level, and sustained note length were significantly increased in the intervention group compared with the control group. The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire and quality of life results of patients in the intervention group were significantly superior to those in the control group. These findings suggest that oral motor respiratory exercise and vocal intonation therapy, as respiratory training methods in music therapy, are effective and valuable for improving respiratory dysfunction and vocal quality in patients with spinal cord injury. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of China Rehabilitation Research Center (approval No. 2019-78-1) on May 27, 2019 and was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number: ChiCTR1900026922) on October 26, 2019.

2.
Molecules ; 25(20)2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066297

RESUMO

Metal-Organic Framework (MOF) materials are often modified or functionalized, and then the crystal size and morphology of MOF materials are changed. In the process of preparing UiO-66 confined phosphomolybdic acid (PMA) composites (PU), the TiF4-modified PU (PMA + UiO-66) composite catalyst (TiF4-PU) was successfully synthesized by adding titanium tetrafluoride, and the catalytic desulfurization activity was excellent. Similarly, the reaction mechanism was investigated by means of infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, XPS, and UV/Vis spectroscopy. The results show that the addition of TiF4 not only changes the appearance and color of the catalyst, but also changes the valence distribution of the elements in the catalyst. The number of oxygen vacancies in the MOF increases due to the addition of TiF4, and more electrons are transferred from the Zr-MOF to PMA to form more Mo5+, which improved the performance of oxidative desulfurization in comparison. Thus, a stronger strong metal-support interaction (SMSI) effect is observed for TiF4-modified PU catalysts. In addition, the quenching experiment of free radicals shows that ·OH radical is the main active substance in the oxidative desulfurization reaction over TiF4-PU catalyst.

3.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1496-1503, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation of SOCS1 gene methylation with the activity of JAK2/STAT signaling pathway, genesis and progress of acute myeloid leukemia. METHODS: Several techniques, such as cell culture, qPCR, MS-PCR, Western bolt, CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry and gene transfection were used to analyze the relation of expression and methylation statues of SOCS1 gene with the genesis and progression of AML in 120 AML patients and leukemia cell lines U937 and THP-1, at the same time to analyze the changes of downstream protein expression in JAK2/STAT signaling pathway and their effect on the growth and apoptosis of leukemia cell lines. RESULTS: The positive rate of WT1/ABL in SOCS1 methylated group was significantly higher than that in SOCS1 non-methylated group, and the complete remission rate of one course treatment in SOCS1-methylated group was significantly lower than that in SOCS1 non-methylated group. The expression level of SOCS1 gene in low methylation rate group was higher, and the expression of down-stream proteins p-JAK2, p-STAT3 and p-STAT5 in JAK2/STAT signaling pathway decreased, while the expression of t-JAK2,t-STAT3 and t-STAT5 was not changed statistically significantly. The growth rate of leukemia cells graduated decreased, and the apoptosis rate of leukemia cells graduated increased along with the enhancement of methylation drug concentration. CONCLUSION: The methylation of SOCS1 gene results in the gene silencing, thereby declines its inhibition on the down-stream proteins in JAK2/STAT signaling pathway, and finally promotes the growth and proliferation of AML cells.

4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1523-1527, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067948

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of Hsa-miR-9 in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and its relationship with CDX2 gene. METHODS: The clinical data of 130 patients with ALL were collected from nearly five years in our hospital, and in the same period 60 healthy children in the same age were selected as control group. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was applied to examine the expression of Hsa-miR-9 and CDX2 gene of the two groups, the relationship between Hsa-miR-9 expression and ALL patients' clinical characteristics, survival time, CDX2 expression were analyzed. RESULTS: The expression level of Hsa-miR-9 in ALL children was significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (P<0.001). The expression of Hsa-miR-9 in ALL children related with serum WBC, infiltrating lymph nodes, splenomegaly, and risk grade (P<0.05). The median survival time of ALL children with high expression of Hsa-miR-9 was significantly longer than that of the ALL children with low expression (P<0.001). Hsa-miR-9 expression significantly correlated with CDX2 gene expression in ALL children at different treatment stages (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The expression of Hsa-miR-9 decreases in children with ALL, and ALL children with high expression of Hsa-miR-9 have a longer overall survival time. The expression of hsa-miR-9 in ALL children closely related with CDX2 gene.

5.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(10): 1061-4, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe effect of "Zhibian (BL 54) through Shuidao (ST 28)" acupuncture for quality of life of female patients with stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: A total of 90 female patients were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 45 cases in each group. The patients in the observation group were treated with "Zhibian (BL 54) through Shuidao (ST 28)" acupuncture method, and the patients in the control group were treated with non-permeable sham acupuncture at Zhibian (BL 54). The needles were retained for 30 min in both groups, once a day, and the treatment was totally given 10 times. The score of urinary incontinence quality of life questionnaire (I-QOL) was recorded before and after treatment and during the follow-up 1 month after treatment in the two groups, and the 1 h urine pad test and the 72 h urination diary card were used to evaluate the 1 h urine leakage and the 24 h urine leakage frequency of the two groups. RESULTS: After treatment and during follow-up, the I-QOL scores in the observation group were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05), and were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment and during follow-up, the 1 h urine leakage and the 24 h urine leakage frequency in the observation group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and less than those in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture of "Zhibian (BL 54) through Shuidao (ST 28)" can improve the quality of life of female patients with stress urinary incontinence, and improve the volume and frequency of urine leakage.

6.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 132: 110809, 2020 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049584

RESUMO

Phloretin is a natural dihydrochalcone flavonoid that is mainly distributed in apple, pear and other juicy fruit peels or root peels. Phloretin exhibits several pharmacological properties, such as antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antitumor activities. However, the poor water solubility of phloretin limits its application in the treatment of numerous diseases. To date, the underlying mechanisms of phloretin absorption have not been investigated. In this study, the pharmacokinetics of phloretin orally administered to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were examined, and the absorption mechanisms of phloretin were investigated in a Caco-2 cell monolayer and single-pass intestinal perfusion in SD rat. The effects measured by basic parameters, such as compound concentration, time, temperature, paracellular pathway, in different intestinal segments were analyzed, and various inhibitors, such as the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitor verapamil, the multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) inhibitor indomethacin, the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitor reserpine, and the closely related regulator EDTA, were evaluated to determine their effects on the absorption of phloretin. The pharmacokinetics of phloretin was studied by oral and intravenous injection in rats. The bioavailability was 8.676 %.The SPIP experiments showed that P-gp, MRP2, BCRP protein inhibitor and closely related regulator, could significantly increase the apparent permeability coefficient (Papp) of phloretin. Monolayer transport experiments in Caco-2 cells showed that P-gp, MRP2 protein inhibitor and closely related regulator EDTA, significantly increased the Papp value of phloretin. In conclusion, phloretin is a substrate of P-gp and MRP2, and its modes of transport include active transport, efflux protein transport and cell bypass.

7.
Org Lett ; 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040535

RESUMO

An iron-catalyzed cascade reaction of radical reduction of allyl alcohols and acetylenic acids to construct polysubstituted α-alkenyl lactones has been developed. In this paper, various allyl alcohols can form allyl ester intermediates and are further transformed into alkyl radicals, which form products through intramolecular reflex-Michael addition. In addition, this method can be used to prepare spirocycloalkenyl lactones. Interestingly, this protocol can be used to synthesize the skeleton structure of natural products. Moreover, the product can be further transformed into a ß-methylene tetrahydrofuran and tetrahydrofuran diene.

8.
Med (N Y) ; 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043313

RESUMO

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an emerged respiratory infectious disease with kidney injury as a part of the clinical complications. However, the dynamic change of kidney function and its association with COVID-19 prognosis are largely unknown. Methods: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, we analyzed clinical characteristics, medical history, laboratory tests, and treatment data of 12,413 COVID-19 patients. The patient cohort was stratified according to the severity of the outcome into three groups: non-severe, severe, and death. Findings: The prevalence of elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN), elevated serum creatinine (Scr), and decreased blood uric acid (BUA) at admission was 6.29%, 5.22%, 11.66%, respectively. The trajectories showed elevation of BUN level and Scr level, as well as a reduction of BUA level during 28 days after admission in death cases. Increased all-cause mortality risk was associated with elevated baseline levels of BUN and Scr, and decreased level of BUA. Conclusion: The dynamic changes of the three kidney function markers were associated with different severity and poor prognosis of COVID-19 patients. BUN showed close association and high potential for predicting adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients for severity stratification and triage.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043423

RESUMO

New energy vehicle (NEV), an Eco-friendly innovation to alleviate the problems of energy scarcity and environmental pollution, is increasingly popular in many countries. Various new energy vehicles are provided with quantity of basic information (e.g., performance, quality, and price), which hinders potential users from effectively finding the most desired or interested new energy vehicles to satisfy their personalized requirements. This paper proposes a three-stage recommendation method for facilitating users to find the proper NEV considering users' preferences and social trust relationship. In the first stage, the users' preferences on evaluation criteria are determined by best-worst method (BWM) through hesitant fuzzy preference comparison vectors. In the second stage, the users' demographic similarity is obtained considering different formats of information, and then users' trust degrees are generated from the entire propagation paths using n dimensional path-ordering-induced order-weighted averaging (NP-IOWA) operator, thereby obtaining the trust-based similarity. In the third stage, the comprehensive user-rating matrix is constructed with the obtained weights, and then, it is combined with the trust-based similarity to recommend NEV based on collaborative filtering technique. A case study is given to illustrate the feasibility of the proposed method and the comparative analysis is conducted to show the advantages of the proposed method.

11.
Euro Surveill ; 25(40)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034281

RESUMO

BackgroundThe natural history of disease in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remained obscure during the early pandemic.AimOur objective was to estimate epidemiological parameters of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and assess the relative infectivity of the incubation period.MethodsWe estimated the distributions of four epidemiological parameters of SARS-CoV-2 transmission using a large database of COVID-19 cases and potential transmission pairs of cases, and assessed their heterogeneity by demographics, epidemic phase and geographical region. We further calculated the time of peak infectivity and quantified the proportion of secondary infections during the incubation period.ResultsThe median incubation period was 7.2 (95% confidence interval (CI): 6.9‒7.5) days. The median serial and generation intervals were similar, 4.7 (95% CI: 4.2‒5.3) and 4.6 (95% CI: 4.2‒5.1) days, respectively. Paediatric cases < 18 years had a longer incubation period than adult age groups (p = 0.007). The median incubation period increased from 4.4 days before 25 January to 11.5 days after 31 January (p < 0.001), whereas the median serial (generation) interval contracted from 5.9 (4.8) days before 25 January to 3.4 (3.7) days after. The median time from symptom onset to discharge was also shortened from 18.3 before 22 January to 14.1 days after. Peak infectivity occurred 1 day before symptom onset on average, and the incubation period accounted for 70% of transmission.ConclusionThe high infectivity during the incubation period led to short generation and serial intervals, necessitating aggressive control measures such as early case finding and quarantine of close contacts.

12.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 7172052, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042224

RESUMO

Background: We provide an updated meta-analysis with detailed information on a combination of TCM and routine treatment. Methods: Retrieve appropriate articles with no language restrictions on keywords until 8 July 2019 in an electronic database. All trajectories are screened according to certain criteria. The quality of certified research was also evaluated. We made a detailed record of the results of the measurement. Meta-analysis was carried out by using the Revman 5.3 software. Results: Sixty-seven RCTs were included, and 6594 subjects were analyzed. Compared with routine treatment, the total effective rate (TER) of TCM combined with routine treatment was improved, and the recovery of stroke was also significantly accelerated. Regulation of blood lipids by notably shrinking the contents of TC, TG, and LDL and enhancing the levels of HDL. The levels of serum hs-CRP, WHV, and WLV decreased significantly, indicating that the expression of thrombomodulin was decreased after the comprehensive treatment of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). The combination of TCM treatment could enhance the protection of neural function by decreasing the NIHSS scoring while increasing the BI scoring. Paeoniae Radix Rubra, Angeticae Sinensis Radix, etc., can effectively improve the clinical symptoms of stroke convalescent patients and promote the recovery of neurological function. ACU of Baihui, Renzhong, etc., can improve the clinical rehabilitation effect of patients. However, our findings must be handled with care because of the small sample size and low quality of clinic trials cited. Other rigorous and large-scale RCTs are in need to confirm these results. Conclusion: A combination of TCM and routine treatment in the treatment of stroke could improve TER, and it is beneficial to the rehabilitation of patients in the recovery period of apoplexy. These effects can be mediated by a combination of several mechanisms. Nevertheless, due to the limitations of this study, these results should be handled with caution.

13.
Cranio ; : 1-10, 2020 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare outcomes between ultrasound (US)-guided arthrocentesis and conventional arthrocentesis for the management of temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, BioMed Central, CENTRAL, and Google scholar databases were searched up to April 1 2020 for randomized control trials (RCTs) comparing US-guided and conventional arthrocentesis. RESULTS: Four RCTs were included. Pooled analysis did not demonstrate any statistically significant difference in pain or maximal mouth opening (MMO) scores after 1 week and 1 month of follow-up between US-guided and conventional arthrocentesis. Studies also reported data on intra-operative needle relocations and operating time but with conflicting results. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the use of US during arthrocentesis may not improve postoperative pain and MMO in the short term. Data on intra-operative outcomes are scarce and conflicting for any definitive conclusions. Further high-quality adequately powered RCTs are required to strengthen current evidence.

14.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031059

RESUMO

In atherosclerosis, upregulated TILRR (FREM1 isoform 2) expression increases immune cell infiltration. We hypothesized that TILRR expression is also correlated with cancer progression. By analyzing data from Oncomine and the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource, we found that TILRR mRNA expression was significantly lower in breast cancer tissue than adjacent normal tissue. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and immunohistochemical staining revealed shortened overall survival and disease-free survival in patients with low TILRR expression. TILRR transcript expression was positively correlated with immune score, immune cell biomarkers and the expression of CXCL10 and CXCL11. TILRR expression was also positively correlated with CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell infiltration. These correlations were verified using the ESTIMATE algorithm, gene set enrichment analysis and Q-PCR. We concluded that impaired TILRR expression is correlated with breast cancer prognosis and immune cell infiltration.

15.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240331, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Melanoma is rare but dangerous skin cancer, and it can spread rather quickly in the advanced stages of the tumor. Abundant evidence suggests the relationship between tumor development and progression and the immune system. A robust gene risk model could provide an accurate prediction of clinical outcomes. The present study aimed to explore a robust signature of immune-related gene pairs (IRGPs) for estimating overall survival (OS) in malignant melanoma. METHODS: Clinical and genetic data of skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM) patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) was performed as a training dataset to identify candidate IRGPs for the prognosis of melanoma. Two independent datasets from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database (GSE65904) and TCGA dataset (TCGA-UVM) were selected for external validation. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were then performed to explore the prognostic power of the IRGPs signature and other clinical factors. CIBERSORTx was applied to estimate the fractions of infiltrated immune cells in bulk tumor tissues. RESULTS: A signature consisted of 33 IRGPs was established which was significantly associated with patients' survival in the TCGA-SKCM dataset (P = 2.0×10-16, Hazard Ratio (HR) = 4.220 (2.909 to 6.122)). We found the IRGPs signature exhibited an independent prognostic factor in all the three independent cohorts in both the univariate and multivariate Cox analysis (P<0.01). The prognostic efficacy of the signature remained unaffected regardless of whether BRAF or NRAS was mutated. As expected, the results were verified in the GSE65904 dataset and the TCGA-UVM dataset. We found an apparent shorter OS in patients of the high-risk group in the GSE65904 dataset (P = 2.1×10-3; HR = 1.988 (1.309 to 3.020)). The trend in the results of the survival analysis in TCGA-UVM was as we expected, but the result was not statistically significant (P = 0.117, HR = 4.263 (1.407 to 12.91)). CD8 T cells, activated dendritic cells (DCs), regulatory T cells (Tregs), and activated CD4 memory T cells presented a significantly lower fraction in the high-risk group in the TCGA-SKCM dataset(P <0.01). CONCLUSION: The results of the present study support the IRGPs signature as a promising marker for prognosis prediction in melanoma.

16.
Exp Eye Res ; : 108281, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glaucoma, which characterized by neurodegeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and optic nerve. Numerous studies have reported that S100A4 participates in the metastasis of tumor cells and nerve protection. This study was intended to explore the role of S100A4 on RGCs under retinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice. METHODS: Retinal I/R injury was induced using C57BL/6J mice. The intravitreal administration of rAAV-Eflα-s100a4-EGFP-WPRE (rAAV-S100A4) or rAAV-Eflα-EGFP-WPRE-Pa was performed 4 weeks before I/R injury. Expression of S100A4 was detected by immunofluorescence staining of retinal sections and Western blot. Surviving RGCs were quantified by immunofluorescence staining. Staining of TUNEL was utilized to evaluate the apoptosis of retinal cells. Using electroretinogram (ERG) to assess the function of retina. Expression of Akt, phospho-Akt, Bcl-2 and Bax were determined by Western blot to investigate the potential mechanisms of S100A4. RESULTS: Retinal S100A4 level was no statistical difference 7 days after I/R injury. The rAAV-S100A4 was clearly demonstrated by the green fluorescence protein in many layers of retina after intravitreal injection and up-regulated the expression of S100A4. I/R injury resulted in the increase of retinal cells apoptosis and the reducing of surviving RGCs, however, overexpressed S100A4 inhibited the apoptosis of cells and the decrease of RGCs. ERG analysis showed the drop of amplitudes of a-wave and b-wave were impeded to some extent by overexpressing of S100A4. Up-regulation of S100A4 increased the expression of phospho-Akt and decreased Bax expression. Nevertheless, there were no significant changes in the levels of Bcl-2 and total Akt. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the neuroprotective effects of overexpressed S100A4 on RGCs by activating Akt pathway and then inhibiting the apoptosis of cells after I/R injury. S100A4 protein may be a novel therapeutic target for glaucoma.

17.
Lipids Health Dis ; 19(1): 217, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study explored the relationships between the low-/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (LDL-C/HDL-C) and other clinical indicators and ischaemic stroke (IS) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) in Xinjiang. The findings could provide a theoretical and therapeutic basis for NVAF patients. METHODS: NVAF patients who were admitted to 10 medical centres across Xinjiang were divided into stroke (798 patients) and control (2671 patients) groups according to the occurrence of first acute IS. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to examine the independent risk factors for IS in NVAF patients. Factor analysis and principal component regression analysis were used to analyse the main factors influencing IS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the discriminatory ability of LDL-C/HDL-C for predicting the occurrence of IS. RESULTS: The stroke group had an average age of 71.64 ± 9.96 years and included 305 females (38.22%). The control group had a mean age of 67.30 ± 12.01 years and included 825 females (30.89%). Multivariate logistic regression showed that the risk of IS in the highest LDL-C/HDL-C quartile (≥2.73) was 16.23-fold that of the lowest quartile (< 1.22); IS risk was 2.27-fold higher in obese patients than in normal-weight subjects; IS risk was 3.15-fold higher in smoking patients than in non-smoking patients. The area under the ROC curve of LDL-C/HDL-C was 0.76, the optimal critical value was 2.33, the sensitivity was 63.53%, and the specificity was 76.34%. Principal component regression analysis showed that LDL-C/HDL-C, age, smoking, drinking, LDL-C and hypertension were risk factors for IS in NVAF patients. CONCLUSIONS: LDL-C/HDL-C > 1.22, smoking, BMI ≥24 kg/m2 and CHA2DS2-VASc score were independent risk factors for IS in NVAF patients; LDL-C/HDL-C was the main risk factor.

18.
Lasers Med Sci ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037559

RESUMO

The meta-analysis aimed to systematically evaluate all the available pieces of evidence concerning the clinical effectiveness of Er,Cr:YSGG lasers (erbium, chromium, yttrium scandium gallium garnet laser) in the non-surgical treatment of patients with chronic periodontitis, and provide guidance for clinicians about the application of Er,Cr:YSGG lasers during the process of non-surgical periodontal treatments. The meta-analysis was conducted with data extracted from 16 randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) that compare Er,Cr:YSGG lasers adjunct/substitute to scaling and root planing (SRP) with SRP alone for the treatment of chronic periodontitis published in English or Chinese from January 2000 to January 2020. The weighted mean differences (WMDs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were counted for probing depth (PD) reduction, clinical attachment level (CAL) gain, and visual analogue scale (VAS) score. Heterogeneity of each study was evaluated with the Q test. The publication bias was measured using Begg's adjusted rank correlation test. Sixteen RCTs with 606 patients were included in the meta-analysis. There were statistically significant differences between Er,Cr:YSGG lasers adjunct/substitute to SRP and SRP alone in the PD reduction at 1-month follow-up (WMD = ­ 0.35, 95% CI [- 0.63, ­ 0.07], P = 0.013), 3-month follow-up (WMD = - 0.342, 95% CI [- 0.552, - 0.132], P = 0.001), CAL gain at 3-month follow-up (WMD = - 0.17, 95% CI [- 0.31, 0.03], P = 0.017), and VAS score (WMD = - 2.395, 95% CI [- 3.327, - 1.464], P = 0.000) immediately after treatment. There were no significant differences of PD reduction and CAL change at 6-month follow-up. The present meta-analysis indicated that Er,Cr:YSGG lasers provided additional effectiveness in PD reduction and CAL gain at short-term follow-ups and there was less pain compared with SRP alone.

19.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038396

RESUMO

Liriomyza spp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae) represent a group of economically-significant highly polyphagous pests of plants grown in field and greenhouse conditions. Liriomyza spp. share similar biological and morphological characteristics, and complex interspecific interactions have been documented among these species in various geographical regions. Where the displacement of one of these species by the other has been studied, no unique mechanisms have been identified as causing it. The impact of competitive factors (such as, insecticide tolerance, thermotolerance, and adaptability to cropping systems) may be unique to specific geographic regions of Liriomyza spp., but more research is needed to confirm these hypotheses. In this study, RNA-seq was used to determine the transcriptomes of three closely-related leafminers, e.g. L. sativae, L. trifolii, and L. huidobrensis. Over 20 Gb of clean reads were generated and assembled into unique transcriptomes, and 38,747 unigenes were annotated in different databases. In pairwise comparisons, L. trifolii and L. sativae had more up-regulated genes than L. huidobrensis. With respect to common differentially-expressed genes (Co-DEGs), the three leafminers exhibited distinct groups of highly-expressed gene clusters. When genes related to competitive factors were compared, expression patterns in L. trifolii and L. sativae were more closely related to each other than to L. huidobrensis. The data suggest that DEGs involved in competitive factors may play a key role in competition and displacement of leafminers. The divergent genes identified in this study will be valuable in revealing possible mechanisms of invasion, displacement and interspecific competition in Liriomyza spp.

20.
Front Immunol ; 11: 2176, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33013914

RESUMO

Chemokine receptor cxcr4 and its ligand cxcl12 have evolved two paralogs in the teleost lineage. In this study, we have identified four duplicated cxcr4 and cxcl12 genes from hexaploid gibel carp, Carassius gibelio, respectively. Cgcxcr4bs and Cgcxcl12as were dynamically and differentially expressed in immune-related tissues, and significantly up-regulated in head kidney and spleen after crucian carp herpesvirus (CaHV) infection. Blocking Cxcr4/Cxcl12 axis by injecting AMD3100 brought more severe bleeding symptom and lower survival rate in CaHV-infected fish. AMD3100 treatment also suppressed the up-regulation of key antiviral genes in head kidney and spleen, and resulted in more acute replication of CaHV in vivo. Consistently, the similar suppression of up-regulated expression of key antiviral genes were also observed in CAB cells treated by AMD3100 after poly(I:C) stimulation. Finally, MAPK3 and JAK/STAT were identified as the possible pathways that CgCxcr4s and CgCxcl12s participate in to promote the antiviral response in vitro.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA