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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35466881

RESUMO

A common surgical disease, intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is gradually appearing increasingly often in younger individuals. Repairing damaged intervertebral discs (IVDs) and promoting IVD tissue regeneration at the molecular level are important research goals. Exosomes are extracellular vesicles (EVs) secreted by cells and can be derived from most body fluids. Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes (MSC-exos) have characteristics similar to those of the parental MSCs. These EVs can shuttle various macromolecular substances, such as proteins, messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) and regulate the activity of recipient cells through intercellular communication. Reducing inflammation and apoptosis can significantly promote IVD regeneration to facilitate repair of the IVD. Compared with MSCs, exosomes are more convenient to store and transport, and the use of exosomes can prevent the risk of rejection with cell transplantation. Furthermore, MSC-exo-mediated treatment may be safer and more effective than MSC transplantetion. In this review, we summarize the use of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs), nucleus pulposus mesenchymal stem cells (NPMSCs), and stem cells from other sources for tissue engineering and use in IVDD. Here, we aim to describe the role of exosomes in inhibiting IVDD, their potential therapeutic effects, the results of the most recent research, and their clinical application prospects to provide an overview for researchers seeking to explore new treatment strategies and improve the efficacy of IVDD treatment.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(6): 1421-1426, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347938

RESUMO

The present study counted the frequency of detection technologies and monitoring frequency of pesticide species by frequency analysis based on the 28 258 pieces of data on pesticide content of Chinese medicinal materials in CNKI, calculated the detection rate and exceeding rate of different types of pesticides, and systematically analyzed the pesticide residue pollution of Chinese medicinal materials. The results showed that there were 40 types of pesticides with detection rates higher than 10%, where new pesticides such as organochlorines and nicotine accounted for 55%, and organic phosphorus, pyrethroids, and carbamates accounted for 17.5%, 15.0%, and 12.5%, respectively. Seventeen types of pesticides exceeded the standard to varying degrees, including 12 types(70.59%) with exceeding rates not higher than 5%, four types(23.53%) with exceeding rates in the range of 5%-10%, and one type(5.88%) with an exceeding rate higher than 10%. As revealed by the analysis results of the past five years, the pesticide residue pollution of Chinese medicinal materials showed a downward trend. Compared with the conditions at worst, organochlorines decreased by about 2/3 in detection rate and 47.23% in exceeding rate, carbamates by about 1/2 in detection rate and 10.78% in exceeding rate, organic phosphorus by 3/4 in detection rate and 7.22% in exceeding rate, pyrethroids by 1/2 in detection rate and 11.05% in exceeding rate, and other types by about 1/2 in detection rate but not exceeded the standard. In general, pesticide residues in Chinese medicinal materials and safety have been significantly improved. However, pesticide residues are still important factors affecting the quality and safety of Chinese medicinal materials. It is suggested to further improve the control standards of pesticide residues in Chinese medicinal materials, strengthen the monitoring of pesticides used in practical production, and promote the ecological planting mode to facilitate the high-quality development of the Chinese medicinal material industry.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Piretrinas , China , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Praguicidas/análise , Piretrinas/análise
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(6): 1427-1432, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347939

RESUMO

Panax ginseng, a perennial herb, is prone to diseases and insect pests in the growth process, which are primarily prevented and treated by pesticides. However, due to the lack of standardization in the types, frequencies, and doses of pesticides, pesticide residues have become the main exogenous pollutants of P. ginseng. To explore the risk of pesticide residues in P. ginseng, this paper summarized and analyzed the common pesticide residues in P. ginseng, detection techniques, and pesticide residue limit stan-dards based on the published literature in recent years. The results revealed that the main pesticide residues in P. ginseng were organochlorine pesticides, such as tetrachloronitrobenzene, pentachloronitrobenzene, and hexachlorobenzene, and the detection techniques were dominated by gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC), or those combined with mass spectrometry(MS). Because of the long half-life and difficulty in degradation, organochlorine pesticides have become the main factor affecting the export of P. ginseng. It is worth mentioning that P. ginseng has been classified as food in Japan, South Korea, the European Union, and other countries, and the standards of pesticide residues and limits are stricter than those in China. The quality and safety of P. ginseng are prerequisites for the efficacy of Chinese medicine and the development of traditional Chinese medicine. The formulation of scientific and effective standards for pesticide application and limits would promote the high-quality development of the P. ginseng industry.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Panax , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Panax/química , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Praguicidas/análise
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(6): 1433-1437, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347940

RESUMO

Panacis Quinquefolii Radix is the dry root of Panax quinquefolium, which is a perennial plant of Araliaceae. The plant has a long growth cycle and serious growth barrier problem, which leads to the use of pesticides. As a result, the pesticide residues in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix are arousing great concern. This paper reviews the research findings on the investigation, detection methods, content analysis and risk assessment of pesticide residues in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix since 1993, and compares the pesticide residue limit standards of different countries and regions. The pesticide residues in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix have been changing from organochlorines with high toxicity to triazines and triazoles with low toxicity. The pesticide residues are generally low, while the pollution of pentachloronitrobenzene and other pesticides still exist. The detection method has evolved from chromatography to chromatography-mass spectrometry. There are no reports of health risks caused by pesticide residues of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. Pesticide residue is a major factor restricting the sound development of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix industry in China. Therefore, we suggest to improve the registration of pesticides applied to the plant, popularize mature ecological planting mode and supporting technology, and strengthen the research on the risk assessment and limit standard of pesticide residue in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ginsenosídeos , Panax , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ginsenosídeos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Panax/química , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(6): 1438-1444, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347941

RESUMO

Panax notoginseng is a perennial Chinese medicinal plant, which has serious continuous cropping obstacles and is prone to a variety of diseases and insect pests during the growth process. At present, the prevention and control of pests and diseases is mainly carried out through chemical pesticides, and the consequent pesticide residues of P. notoginseng have attracted much attention. This study reviewed the types and detection methods of pesticide residues in P. notoginseng from 1981 to 2021, and compared the limits of pesticide residues in P. notoginseng in China and abroad to provide a reference for rational application of pesticides in P. notoginseng and quality control of medicinal materials, thereby promoting the sustainable development of the P. notoginseng industry in China. Currently, there are only 40 published papers on pesticide residues of P. notoginseng, which is indicative of a serious problem of insufficient research. At present, hundreds of pesticide residues in P. notoginseng can be detected simultaneously by using chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The pesticides detected have gradually changed from early prohibited ones, such as dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane(DDT), benzene hexachloride(BHC), and parathion, to low toxic ones(e.g., dimethomorph, procymidone, propicona-zole, and difenoconazole). The dietary risk from pesticide residues in P. notoginseng is low, which would not cause harm to consu-mers. This study concluded that in the future, the development of the quality standard for pesticide residues of P. notoginseng should be actively carried out. To increase the pesticides used in actual production in the quality standard based on the existing ones and to guide farmers to use pesticides scientifically will be the focus of future work.


Assuntos
Panax notoginseng , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Plantas Medicinais , China , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Praguicidas/análise
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(6): 1453-1458, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35347943

RESUMO

Lonicera Japonica Flos is the dried bud or nascent flower of Lonicera japonica(Caprifoliaceae). The plant suffers from various diseases and pests in the growth period and thus pesticides are often used. As a result, the resultant pesticide residues in Lonicera Japonica Flos have aroused great concern. This review summarized the investigation, detection methods, content analysis, and risk assessment of pesticide residues in Lonicera Japonica Flos since 1996, and compared the maximum residue limits among different countries and regions. The results showed that the pesticide residues were detected in Lonicera Japonica Flos from different production areas, and only some exceeded the limits. The residual pesticides have changed from organochlorines to new types such as tebuconazole and nitenpyram. The detection method has upgraded from chromatography to chromatography-mass spectrometry. Most pesticide residues will not cause health risks, except carbofuran. Pesticide residues limit the development of Lonicera Japonica Flos industry in China. In practice, we should improve the drug registration of Lonicera Japonica Flos, promote ecological prevention and control technology, and formulate and promote pesticide residue limit standard of Lonicera Japonica Flos.


Assuntos
Lonicera , Resíduos de Praguicidas , Praguicidas , Flores/química , Lonicera/química , Espectrometria de Massas , Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise , Praguicidas/análise
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(1): 1-6, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35178905

RESUMO

Carbon dioxide peaking and carbon neutrality have become hot issues of political and economic activities in China and abroad. The structure and development of various industries in China will be profoundly affected in the process of accomplishing "Dual Carbon" goals. Eco-agriculture of Chinese medicine(EACM) highlights the balance and sustainable development of the ecosystem while producing high-quality medicinal materials. With chemically synthesized fertilizers, pesticides, and growth regulators prohibited, EACM emphasizes the recycling of agricultural and sideline products and the reduction of waste output, which results in the minimal negative impact on the ecological environment. Therefore, it is typical agriculture with low-carbon sources and high-carbon sinks. This study reviewed the mechanism and potential of EACM in carbon dioxide peaking and carbon neutrality, analyzed the specific ways of EACM in reducing carbon sources and increasing carbon sinks based on the typical ecological planting pattern, and proposed the point of view to strengthen EACM as well as the "Dual Carbon" theory and research methods, so as to direct low-carbon and efficient deve-lopment. Furthermore, this study advocated to comprehensively promote the transformation of Chinese medicine production from chemical agriculture to eco-agriculture to improve the comprehensive benefits of contribution rate of carbon neutrality, explore and establish carbon sink compensation mechanism to ensure the sustainable and healthy development of EACM, and strengthen the training of EACM and "Dual Carbon" theory and technologies to continuously improve the capacity of EACM in sustainable development. This study is expected to provide a reference for the development of ecological functions in EACM and the development of economic functions through ecological functions.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Agricultura , China , Ecossistema , Fertilizantes
9.
Mol Biol Rep ; 49(4): 3055-3064, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor, the biological mechanism underlying its incidence and improvement remains unclear. This study investigated early diagnosis and treatment objectives using bioinformatics strategies and performed experimental verification. METHODS AND RESULTS: The top 10 OS hub genes-CCNA2, CCNB1, AURKA, TRIP13, RFC4, DLGAP5, NDC80, CDC20, CDK1, and KIF20A-were screened using bioinformatics methods. TRIP13 was chosen for validation after reviewing literature. TRIP13 was shown to be substantially expressed in OS tissues and cells, according to Western blotting (WB) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction data. Subsequently, TRIP13 knockdown enhanced apoptosis and decreased proliferation, migration, and invasion in U2OS cells, as validated by the cell counting kit-8 test, Hoechst 33,258 staining, wound healing assay, and WB. In addition, the levels of p-PI3K/PI3K and p-AKT/AKT in U2OS cells markedly decreased after TRIP13 knockdown. Culturing U2OS cells, in which TRIP13 expression was downregulated, in a medium supplemented with a PI3K/AKT inhibitor further reduced their proliferation, migration, and invasion and increased their apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: TRIP13 knockdown reduced U2OS cell proliferation, migration, and invasion via a possible mechanism involving the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Osteossarcoma , ATPases Associadas a Diversas Atividades Celulares/metabolismo , Apoptose/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Humanos , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética
10.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 43(3): 724-734, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117368

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most prevalent liver cancer, is considered one of the most lethal malignancies with a dismal outcome mainly due to frequent intrahepatic and distant metastasis. In the present study, we demonstrated that oroxylin A, a natural product extracted from Scutellaria radix, significantly inhibits transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-ß1)-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasis in HCC. Oroxylin A blocked the TGF-ß1/Smad signaling via upregulating the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene-1 (NAG-1) expression. Oroxylin A promoted NAG-1 transcription by regulating the acetylation of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein ß (C/EBPß), a transcription factor that binds to the NAG-1 promoter. In terms of the underlying mechanism, oroxylin A may interact with histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) by forming hydrogen bonds with GLY149 residue and induce proteasome-mediated degradation of HDAC1 subsequently impairing HDAC1-mediated deacetylation of C/EBPß and promoting the expression of NAG-1. Taken together, our findings revealed a previously unknown tumor-suppressive mechanism of oroxylin A. Oroxylin A should be further investigated as a potential clinical candidate for inhibiting HCC metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Fator de Ligação a CCAAT/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Histona Desacetilase 1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Proteínas Smad/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Surg Endosc ; 36(4): 2524-2531, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231062

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic thyroidectomy is widely performed as it does not result in neck scar. However, there is a paucity of reports pertaining to completely endoscopic lateral neck dissection (LND). In this study, we introduce our step-wise approach for performing endoscopic selective LND via the chest-breast approach. We refer to this approach as Qin's seven steps. METHODS: The Qin's seven steps are: (1) establishment of working space range; (2) dissection of lymph nodes between the SCM and the sternohyoid muscle (level IV) and exposure of omohyoid; (3) dissection of lymph nodes at level IV; (4) dissection of lymph nodes at level III; (5) dissection of lymph nodes at carotid triangle (level III); (6) exposure of accessory nerve and dissection of lymph nodes at level II a; (7) dissection of lymph nodes at level II b. We reviewed the clinical data of 35 patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) who were operated using the Qin's seven steps. RESULTS: All 35 patients successfully underwent LND; bilateral LND was performed in 5 patients. The mean tumor size was 1.8 ± 1.0 cm; seven patients had multiple lesions. The mean number of retrieved lymph nodes in level II, III and IV were 8.8 ± 5.6, 6.1 ± 4.0 and 9.3 ± 5.1, respectively. As for complications, there were 3 cases of accessory nerve injury and 1 case of hypoglossal nerve injury. Internal jugular vein injury, cervical plexus injury and lymphatic leakage occurred in 2, 7, and 1 patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: The Qin's seven steps for performing endoscopic selective LND could be safely used in PTC patients with lateral lymph node metastasis. Satisfactory results were achieved in the short-term follow-up period. We recommend the use of Qin's seven steps for PTC patients who are not desirous of neck scar.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Cicatriz/patologia , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/métodos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) are common health issues in the elderly that cause chronic pain in over one-third of patients. This study was sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for alleviating pain caused by OVCFs. METHODS: We performed a search of 8 electronic databases for publications from the inception to 30th March 2021. Eligible studies were randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effect of acupuncture for the treatment of OVCFs. Two investigators evaluated literature quality and extracted data independently. RevMan V.5.4.1 was used for data analyses, with pooled risk estimates presented as mean difference (MD) or relative risk (RR) along with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs), as appropriate. RESULTS: Fourteen RCTs involving 1,130 patients were included in this meta-analysis. Compared with the control group, acupuncture showed a greater benefit on pain reduction caused by OVCFs (1 week: MD = -1.26, 95% CI: (-1.82,-0.70); 1 month: MD = -1.63, 95% CI: (-1.82,-1.43); 6 months: MD = -1.13, 95% CI: (-1.55, -0.70)). Acupuncture treatment was also associated with fewer adverse events, lower ODI index, and higher bone density than the control group (safety: (RR: 0.30, 95% CI: 0.12-0.75); ODI: MD = -3.19, 95% CI: (-5.20, -1.19); bone density: MD = 0.15, 95% CI: (0.05, 0.26)). The GRADE quality of these results was assessed as low or very low. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the control treatment, acupuncture was more effective and safer in relieving the pain caused by OVCF and made a greater improvement on patient's ODI score and bone density. Given the low level of our study evidence, future high-quality studies are needed to verify our study findings.

13.
Curr Gene Ther ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636308

RESUMO

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), multidirectional cells with self-renewal capacity, can differentiate into many cell types and play essential roles in tissue healing and regenerative medicine. Cell experiments and in vivo research in animal models have shown that BMSCs can repair degenerative discs by promoting cell proliferation and expressing extracellular matrix (ECM) components, such as type II collagen and protein-polysaccharides. Delaying or reversing the intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IDD) process at an etiological level may be an effective strategy. However, despite increasingly in-depth research, some deficiencies in cell transplantation timing and strategy remain, preventing the clinical application of cell transplantation. Exosomes exhibit the characteristics of the mother cells from which they were secreted and can inhibit nucleus pulposus (NP) cell (NPC) apoptosis and delay IDD through intercellular communication. Furthermore, the use of exosomes effectively avoids problems associated with cell transplantation, such as immune rejection. This manuscript introduces almost all of the BMSCs and exosomes derived from BMSCs (BMSCs-Exos) described in the IDD literature. Many challenges regarding the use of cell transplantation and therapeutic exosome intervention for IDD remain to be overcome.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4689-4696, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581077

RESUMO

The sustainable use of medicinal plants is the foundation of the inheritance of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the acquisition of information on medicinal plants is the basis for the development of TCM. The traditional methods of investigating medicinal plant resources are disadvantageous in strong subjectivity and poor timeliness, making it difficult to real-time monitor medicinal plant resources. In recent years, remote sensing technology has become an important means of obtaining information on medicinal plants. The application of this technology has made up for the shortcomings of traditional methods. The open-access remote sensing data with medium spatial resolution satellites provide an opportunity for extracting information on medicinal plant resources. This study firstly introduced the principles of remote sensing technology, summarized the satellites and the parameters commonly used in the field of medicinal plant resources, and compared the survey methods of remote sensing technology with traditional methods. Secondly, it reviewed the applications of remote sensing technology in the extraction of information on the cultivation of medicinal plants and the common methods for extracting the planting structure information of medicinal plants based on remote sensing technology. Thirdly, the applications of remote sensing technology in the investigation and monitoring of medicinal plants were further analyzed with the research objects divided into wild and cultivated medicinal plants according to the characteristics of the habitats. Finally, it pointed out the key unsolved technical problems in the remote sensing monitoring of medicinal plant resources, and proposed solutions for the intelligent information processing of medicinal plants based on remote sensing big data, which is expected to provide references for the development of remote sensing technology in derivative application in medicinal plant resources.


Assuntos
Plantas Medicinais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto
15.
Brain Res Bull ; 176: 85-92, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418462

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) and osteoporotic fracture seriously impair human health in developed countries. The present study aims to explore whether sensory nerves, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and brain-derived serotonin are related to bone loss in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. METHODS: Female rats were grouped into the ovariectomized (OVX) and sham surgery (SHAM) groups. Immunocytochemistry, western blotting, and qPCR were performed to detect CGRP expression in the femurs. The expression levels of serotonin and CGRP in the spinal cord and brainstem were estimated using western blotting, immunofluorescence, and qPCR. ELISA was used to evaluate the serum biomarkers of bone formation and resorption. Bone mineral density was measured using dual-energy X-ray (DXA) analysis. Femur microstructure was imaged by Micro CT. P values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. RESULTS: ELISA showed that serum bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), ß-crosslaps, and ß-ctx were increased in the OVX group. In the OVX group, in vivo bone mineral density, trabecular bone mineral density, bone volume fraction (BV/TV), and trabecular number (Tb. N) were significantly decreased, while trabecular spacing (Tb. Sp) and trabecular bone pattern factor (Tb. Pf) were markedly increased. In the OVX group, the expression levels of CGRP of the femur were significantly downregulated. In contrast, CGRP and serotonin expression was increased in the spinal cord of the OVX group. Serotonin expression was increased in the brainstem, brainstem nucleus raphe magnus (RMG), and nucleus raphe dorsalis (DRN). CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the activation of osteoclast triggered the release of CGRP from nociceptive sensory nerve fibers and transmitted this painful stimulus to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord to release increased CGRP. The descending serotonergic inhibitory system was activated by increased CGRP levels of the spinal cord and promoted serotonin release in the brainstem RMG, DRN, and the spinal cord, contributing to the decreased CGRP level in bone tissue, which revealed a novel mechanism of bone loss in PMO.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea/fisiologia , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/metabolismo , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Serotonina/metabolismo , Absorciometria de Fóton , Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue , Animais , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tronco Encefálico/metabolismo , Feminino , Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/sangue
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26898, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397916

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To investigate the anxiety and depression of patients with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who participated in Baduanjin exercise.From February 20, 2020 to March 7, 2020, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD) were used to investigate the anxiety and depression levels of patients with COVID-19 who participated in Baduanjin exercise. Ninety one questionnaires were received, including 40 males and 51 females. Stepwise regression analysis was used to analyze the effects of related factors on anxiety and depression levels.In Square cabin hospital, 91% of patients participated in Baduanjin exercise had no obvious anxiety and 82% had no obvious depression. The scores of anxiety and depression of female patients were significantly higher than that of male patients. Bachelor degree or above with low scores for anxiety and depression. The frequency of Baduanjin exercise was negatively correlated with anxiety and depression score.The development of Baduanjin exercise has a certain positive influence on the COVID-19 patients in the Square cabin hospital, which is conducive to alleviate anxiety and depression symptoms of the patients.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , COVID-19/complicações , Depressão/terapia , Terapia por Exercício/normas , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3455-3464, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402267

RESUMO

Chinese materia medica( CMM) serves as an important cornerstone for the development of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) culture and industry due to its unique ecological,medical,economic,scientific and technological,and cultural values. The supply shortage and unstable quality of some CMM resources have hindered the development of TCM. Ensuring the sustainable use of CMM resources has become essential for the development of TCM in China. Enriching CMM resources is the key to ensuring the sustainable utilization of TCM resources in China,which can be achieved via expanding the medicinal parts,developing the substitutes,seeking for analogues,exploring the ethnic and folk medicines,or introducing foreign medicinal materials. CMM efficacy or function positioning plays a very important role in the transformation of new CMM resources. The strategies and methods for efficacy or function positioning of new CMM resources,including analogy,plant genetic relationship exploration,medicinal property deduction,ethnobotanical investigation,text mining,network pharmacology,and structure-activity relationship exploration,were systematically proposed in this study based on CMM theory,textual research,and modern methodologies. This paper is expected to provide a theoretical reference for the continuous enrichment and development of CMM resources and the high-quality development of TCM culture and industry.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , China , Mineração de Dados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
18.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1080-1084, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) combined with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH). METHODS: The clinical data of 13 AML combined with PNH patients treated in our hospital from January 2017 to May 2019 were collected and retrospective analyzed. The complete remission(CR) rate for induction chemotherapy was analyzed. The level of PNH+ cell before and after chemotherapy were tested by Paired t test. Kaplan-Meier method and multi-factorial Cox regression model were used to analyze the influencing factors of prognosis. RESULTS: Among the 13 patients, 11 (84.6%) cases were CR after first induction chemotherapy. The median overall survival(OS) time was 17 months(0-30 months), the median progression-free survival(PFS) time was 16 months(2-26 months). There were no significant difference in the number of PNH+ cell before and after chemotherapy (P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age,sex,the level of hemoglobin, platelet were not related to the OS of the patients(P>0.05), the level of WBC, LDH and risk stratification at first diagnosed were related to the OS of the patients(P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the OS rate of AML combined with PNH patients with leukocyte lower than 10×109/L at first diagnosed was better than that of the patients with leukocyte higher than 10×109/L (P=0.0261). The OS rate of patients with low or standard risk was better than the patients with high risk group(P=0.0010). CONCLUSION: The patients of AML combined with PNH have higher CR rate after the first induction chemotherapy. The level of WBC and LDH at first diagnosed are the factors that affecting the OS of the patients. The OS of patients with WBC lower than 10×109/L, at first diagnosed low and medium risk are better than the other patients.


Assuntos
Hemoglobinúria Paroxística , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(13): 2799-2813, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34220308

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IDD) is a multifactorial pathological process associated with low back pain (LBP). The pathogenesis is complicated, and the main pathological changes are IVD cell apoptosis and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation. Apoptotic cell loss leads to ECM degradation, which plays an essential role in IDD pathogenesis. Apoptosis regulation may be a potential attractive therapeutic strategy for IDD. Previous studies have shown that IVD cell apoptosis is mainly induced by the death receptor pathway, mitochondrial pathway, and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) pathway. This article mainly summarizes the factors that induce IDD and apoptosis, the relationship between the three apoptotic pathways and IDD, and potential therapeutic strategies. Preliminary animal and cell experiments show that targeting apoptotic pathway genes or drug inhibition can effectively inhibit IVD cell apoptosis and slow IDD progression. Targeted apoptotic pathway inhibition may be an effective strategy to alleviate IDD at the gene level. This manuscript provides new insights and ideas for IDD therapy.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Dor Lombar/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Disco Intervertebral/citologia , Disco Intervertebral/efeitos dos fármacos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Receptores de Morte Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Morte Celular/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(17): 2081-2090, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-frequency irreversible electroporation (H-FIRE) is a novel, next-generation nanoknife technology with the advantage of relieving irreversible electroporation (IRE)-induced muscle contractions. However, the difference between IRE and H-FIRE with distinct ablation parameters was not clearly defined. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of the two treatments in vivo. METHODS: Ten Bama miniature swine were divided into two group: five in the 1-day group and five in the 7-day group. The efficacy of IRE and H-FIRE ablation was compared by volume transfer constant (Krans), rate constant (Kep) and extravascular extracellular volume fraction (Ve) value of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), size of the ablation zone, and histologic analysis. Each animal underwent the IRE and H-FIRE. Temperatures of the electrodes were measured during ablation. DCE-MRI images were obtained 1, 4, and 7 days after ablation in the 7-day group. All animals in the two groups were euthanized 1 day or 7 days after ablation, and subsequently, IRE and H-FIRE treated liver tissues were collected for histological examination. Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test was applied for comparing any two groups. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test and Welch's ANOVA test followed by Holm-Sidak's multiple comparisons test, one-way ANOVA with repeated measures followed by Bonferroni test, or Kruskal-Wallis H test followed by Dunn's multiple comparison test was used for multiple group comparisons and post hoc analyses. Pearson correlation coefficient test was conducted to analyze the relationship between two variables. RESULTS: Higher Ve was seen in IRE zone than in H-FIRE zone (0.14 ±â€Š0.02 vs. 0.08 ±â€Š0.05, t = 2.408, P = 0.043) on day 4, but no significant difference was seen in Ktrans or Kep between IRE and H-FIRE zones at all time points (all P > 0.05). For IRE zone, the greatest Ktrans was seen on day 7, which was significantly higher than that on day 1 (P = 0.033). The ablation zone size of H-FIRE was significantly larger than IRE 1 day (4.74 ±â€Š0.88 cm2vs. 3.20 ±â€Š0.77 cm2, t = 3.241, P = 0.009) and 4 days (2.22 ±â€Š0.83 cm2vs. 1.30 ±â€Š0.50 cm2, t = 2.343, P = 0.041) after treatment. Apoptotic index (0.05 ±â€Š0.02 vs. 0.73 ±â€Š0.06 vs. 0.68 ±â€Š0.07, F = 241.300, P < 0.001) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) (0.03 ±â€Š0.01 vs. 0.46 ±â€Š0.09 vs. and 0.42 ±â€Š0.07, F = 64.490, P < 0.001) were significantly different between the untreated, IRE and H-FIRE zones, but no significant difference was seen in apoptotic index or HSP70 between IRE and H-FIRE zone (both P > 0.05). Electrode temperature variations were not significantly different between the two zones (18.00 ±â€Š3.77°C vs. 16.20 ±â€Š7.45°C, t = 0.682, P = 0.504). The Ktrans value (r = 0.940, P = 0.017) and the Kep value (r = 0.895, P = 0.040) of the H-FIRE zone were positively correlated with the number of hepatocytes in the ablation zone. CONCLUSIONS: H-FIRE showed a comparable ablation effect to IRE. DCE-MRI has the potential to monitor the changes of H-FIRE ablation zone.


Assuntos
Eletroporação , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Animais , Meios de Contraste , Seguimentos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/cirurgia , Suínos
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