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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the effectiveness of the CPM application on clinical outcomes after TKA, basing on evidence from recently published high-quality randomized controlled trials. DESIGN: Two reviewers retrieved platforms of PubMed, Embase and CENTRAL independently, for identifying eligible randomized controlled trials(RCTs) evaluating the effect of CPM applied following TKA for knee osteoarthritis. Subgroup meta-analyses were performed for all syntheses based on the follow-up intervals. RESULTS: A total of 10 RCTs, involving 841 patients, were finally included. Data was available for 15 different outcomes(including active/ passive knee extension/ flexion/ full ROM, WOMAC- pain/ physical function/ stiffness/ total score, VAS, time up and go, knee girth, KSS- function/ knee score), at several time points. In general, most of the pools demonstrated similar outcome between CPM and non-CPM groups. Exclusively, the active knee extension at 1 week(MD: 3.00, 95%CI: 0.5-5.5, p=0.019*), passive knee extension at 1 week(MD:3.00, 95%CI:0.28-5.72, p=0.031*) and 3 months (MD:3.00, 95%CI:0.5-5.5, p=0.019*) were shown to be significantly slightly different between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated a limited role of CPM in patients operated with TKA. Thus, there is at this stage, no indication for CPM procedures in patients operated with TKA as a standard post-operative care.

2.
J Virol ; 95(6)2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33408178

RESUMO

Coxsackievirus A5 (CV-A5) has recently emerged as a main hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) pathogen. Following a large-scale vaccination campaign against enterovirus 71 (EV-71) in China, the number of HFMD-associated cases with EV-71 was reduced, especially severe and fatal cases. However, the total number of HFMD cases remains high, as HFMD is also caused by other enterovirus serotypes. A multivalent HFMD vaccine containing 4 or 6 antigens of enterovirus serotypes is urgently needed. A formaldehyde-inactivated CV-A5 vaccine derived from Vero cells was used to inoculate newborn Kunming mice on days 3 and 10. The mice were challenged on day 14 with a mouse-adapted CV-A5 strain at a dose that was lethal for 14-day-old suckling mice. Within 14 days postchallenge, groups of mice immunized with three formulations, empty particles (EPs), full particles (FPs), and a mixture of the EP and FP vaccine candidates, all survived, while 100% of the mock-immunized mice died. Neutralizing antibodies (NtAbs) were detected in the sera of immunized mice, and the NtAb levels were correlated with the survival rate of the challenged mice. The virus loads in organs were reduced, and pathological changes and viral protein expression were weak or not observed in the immunized mice compared with those in alum-inoculated control mice. Another interesting finding was the identification of CV-A5 dense particles (DPs), facilitating morphogenesis study. These results demonstrated that the Vero cell-adapted CV-A5 strain is a promising vaccine candidate and could be used as a multivalent HFMD vaccine component in the future.IMPORTANCE The vaccine candidate strain CV-A5 was produced with a high infectivity titer and a high viral particle yield. Three particle forms, empty particles (EPs), full particles (FPs), and dense particles (DPs), were obtained and characterized after purification. The immunogenicities of EP, FP, and the EP and FP mixture were evaluated in mice. Mouse-adapted CV-A5 was generated as a challenge strain to infect 14-day-old mice. An active immunization challenge mouse model was established to evaluate the efficacy of the inactivated vaccine candidate. This animal model mimics vaccination, similar to immune responses of the vaccinated. The animal model also tests protective efficacy in response to the vaccine against the disease. This work is important for the preparation of multivalent vaccines against HFMD caused by different emerging strains.

3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 23, 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) that results from estrogen withdrawal is the most common primary osteoporosis among older women. However, little is known about the mechanism of PMO, and effective treatment of PMO is limited. METHODS: We used real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), Western blotting, and RNA pull down to investigate the relationship between miR-186 and MOB Kinase Activator 1A (Mob1). Also, we investigated the effect of exosome in osteogenesis using alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining. And hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining was used to verify the osteogenesis in PMO model. RESULTS: Exosomal miR-186 plays an important role in bone formation. The results of miRNA-seq and q-PCR showed that miR-186 was upregulated in a PMO + Exo treatment group. Results of RNA-pull down and luciferase reporter assays verified interactions between miR-186 and Mob1. We also verified the Hippo signaling pathway plays an important role in osteogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that exosomes derived from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) can transfer miR-186 to promote osteogenesis in ovariectomy (OVX) rats through the Hippo signaling pathway.

4.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 21(1): 32, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The regeneration of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells is an effective method to prevent intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). In this study, we investigated the role of Asperosaponin VI (ASA VI), isolated from a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the root of Dipsacus asper Wall, in promoting human mesenchymal stem cell (HMSC) proliferation and differentiation into NP-like cells and explored the possible mechanism of action. METHODS: The effects of ASA VI on HMSC viability and proliferation were determined by the XTT method and EDU staining. Then, Real-time qPCR, immunocytochemistry and immunofluorescence assays were used to measure the effect of ASA VI on the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components, such as COL2A1, aggrecan, SOX9, KRT19, PAX1, and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), in NP cells. In addition, Western blot assay was used to measure the expression of p-ERK1/2 and p-smad2/3. RESULTS: ASA VI was able to promote the proliferation and differentiation of HMSCs into NP-like cells, and the optimum concentration was 1 mg/L. Western blot assay indicated that the possible mechanism might be related to the activation of p-ERK1 / 2 and p-Smad2 / 3. CONCLUSIONS: ASA VI can promote the proliferation and differentiation of HMSCs into NP-like cells, which can potentially be used as a treatment for IVDD.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(3): 2469-2474, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33463647

RESUMO

In comparison with the prevalent 2D material-supported single atom catalysts (SACs), the design and fabrication of SACs with single molecule substrates are still challenging. Here we introduce a new type of SAC in which a recently identified all-boron fullerene B40 is employed as the support and its catalytic performance toward the nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) process is explored in theory. Taking advantage of the novel heptagonal ring substructure on the sphere and the electron-deficient nature of boron, the atomic metals are facile to reside on B40 to form atomically dispersed η7-B40M exohedral complexes. Among a series of candidates, originating from the proper metal-adsorbate interactions, the atomic tungsten-decorated B40W is screened out as the most feasible catalyst for the NRR with a low over-potential and high selectivity to passivate the competitive hydrogen evolution process.

6.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(4): 964-974, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33456354

RESUMO

Endothelial cell proliferation disorder caused by vascular injury seems to be one of the causes of atherosclerosis, which is the pathological basis of coronary heart disease. The role of STAT3 in the regulation of microRNAs and endothelial dysfunction in atherosclerosis is unclear. STAT3 can be activated by cytokine IL-6 and up regulate the expression of CX3CL1. In addition, microRNA-15a-5p (miR-15a-5p) inhibited the transcription of CX3CL1, the proliferation of vascular endothelial cells and the proliferation of STAT3 regulated vascular endothelial cells. STAT3 positively regulates the expression of CX3CL1, and then down-regulates the inhibition of CX3CL1 by over-expression of miR-15a-5p, thus forming an elimination feedback loop to control the proliferation of HUVECs and affect the progression of atherosclerosis. In conclusion, miR-15a-5p may be the therapeutic target of the pathological basis of coronary atherosclerosis.

8.
Gene ; 766: 145113, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891771

RESUMO

Breast cancer remains the most common malignancy in women worldwide. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a newly validated type of endogenous non-coding RNAs and accumulating evidence suggests that aberrant circRNAs are involved in disease pathogenesis. However, the function of circRNAs in breast cancer remains largely unknown. This study is aimed to characterize the potential role and mechanism of hsa_circ_0000442 (circ_0000442) in breast cancer. The human breast epithelial cell line (MCF-10A), breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, T47D, BT474, SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, SUM-1315) and the Balb/C Nude mice were used for exploration, and the qRT-PCR, western blot, dual-luciferase reporter assay, glo assay, colony formation assay, and tumor xenograft were carried out for investigation. In this study, the results showed a lower expression of circ_0000442 in breast cancer tumor tissues compared with the adjacent normal tissues. Subsequently, circ_0000442 was found to acted as the sponge of miR-148b-3p in breast cancer cells, thus exerting the tumor-suppressive effects. In the subsequent mechanism study, results showed that miR-148b-3p directly targeted PTEN, a well-known tumor suppressor which negatively regulats PI3K/Akt pathway, thus promoting tumor growth in breast cancer. Overall, this study for the first time identified the tumor-suppressive role of circ_0000442 in breast cancer and found PTEN as a novel direct target of miR-148b-3p. The regulatory role of circ_0000442/miR-148b-3p/PTEN/PI3K/Akt axis was preliminarily confirmed in breast cancer cells and mouse models. These findings suggest an important progress in our standing of breast cancer and lay the foundation for the further function, diagnosis, therapy and prognosis research of circular RNAs in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , RNA Circular/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , Prognóstico
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(44): 7005-7021, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with tumor thrombus in the bile duct (BDTT) is easily misdiagnosed or mistreated due to the clinicopathological diversity of the thrombus and its relationship with primary lesions. AIM: To propose a new classification for HCC with BDTT in order to guide its diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: A retrospective review of the diagnosis and treatment experience regarding seven typical HCC patients with BDTT between January 2010 and December 2019 was conducted. RESULTS: BDTT was preoperatively confirmed by computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging in only four patients. Three patients with recurrent HCC and one patient with first-occurring HCC had no visible intrahepatic tumors; of these, misdiagnosis occurred in two patients, and three patients died. One patient was mistreated as having common bile duct stones, and another patient with a history of multiple recurrent HCC was misdiagnosed until obvious biliary dilation could be detected. Only one patient who received hepatectomy accompanied by BDTT extraction exhibited disease-free survival during the follow-up period. A new classification was proposed for HCC with BDTT as follows: HCC with microscopic BDTT (Type I); resectable primary or recurrent HCC mass in the liver with BDTT (Type II); BDTT without an obvious HCC mass in the liver (Type III) and BDTT accompanied with unresectable intra- or extrahepatic HCC lesions (Type IV). CONCLUSION: We herein propose a new classification system for HCC with BDTT to reflect its pathological characteristics and emphasize the significance of primary tumor resectability in its treatment.

10.
Gut Microbes ; 12(1): 1-18, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222603

RESUMO

Phlorizin (PHZ) is one of phytonutrients in apples that contributes to the health-promoting effect implicated by the saying, 'an apple a day keeps the doctor away'. PHZ was firstly identified as a competitive inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporters-2 (SGLT2); however, its low bioavailability makes it hard to fully explain its pharmacological mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the ameliorating effect of PHZ on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity via modulating the "gut microbiota-barrier axis". Firstly, C57BL/6 J mice were fed a normal chow diet (NCD) or HFD coadministered with or without PHZ for 12 weeks. Our results showed that PHZ supplementation significantly reduced HFD-induced body weight gain (P < .001), alleviated metabolic disorders (MDs) like insulin resistance (P < .001) and elevation of serum lipopolysaccharides (LPS) (P < .001), attenuated HFD-induced gut microbiota alterations, enhanced short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) production (P < .001), and inhibited fecal LPS production (P < .001). To investigate the role of the fecal microbiota in the observed beneficial effects, a fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) experiment was performed by transplanting the feces of the four groups of mice (as donor mice) daily collected from the fourth week to a new batch of acclimatized HFD-fed mice. Our results confirmed that feeding the gut contents of the PHZ-modulated mice could attenuate HFD-induced MDs, accompanied by enhanced glucagon-like peptide 2 (GLP-2) secretion (P < .001) and restoration of HFD-induced damage in the gut epithelial barrier. This study has provided evidence that the "gut microbiota-barrier axis" was an alternative target for the anti-obesity effect of PHZ. This work has also provided an explanation for the high efficacy of PHZ despite the low bioavailability, and PHZ holds great potential to be developed as a functional food ingredient.

12.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 10877-10887, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149605

RESUMO

Background: Chemotherapy resistance has long been recognized as a major obstacle to cancer treatment. Therefore, elucidating the underlying mechanisms of chemotherapy resistance is conducive to developing new strategies to improve patients' response to chemotherapy drugs. Materials and Methods: Real-time quantitative PCR (QPCR) was applied to measure the expression levels of lncRNAs. LINC01572 was down-regulated or up-regulated in GC cells transfected with either LINC01572 shRNA or overexpression vectors. In vitro and in vivo experiments were conducted to investigate the role of LINC01572 in autophagy-related chemotherapy resistance. Results: Compared with the parental cells, drug-resistant GC cells had a higher level of LINC01572. Silencing of LINC01572 inhibited chemotherapy-induced autophagy, while its knockout sensitized GC cells against chemotherapy drugs. As a competitive endogenous RNA of miR-497-5p, LINC01572 weakened the inhibitory effect of miR-497-5p on ATG14, leading to chemically induced autophagy and chemotherapy resistance in GC cells. Conclusion: A new mechanism of GC autophagy-related chemotherapy resistance regulated by lncRNA was explored in this study, providing a new perspective for understanding chemotherapy resistance.

13.
Clin Interv Aging ; 15: 2145-2153, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204079

RESUMO

Purpose: This study is to investigate the risk prediction of severe or critical events of COVID-19 in older adults in China and provide the evidence to support the management of older adults with COVID-19. Materials and Methods: The clinical data of older adults with COVID-19 admitted to the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center during January 20, 2020 to March 16, 2020 were collected. The possible risk factors of severe or critical illness were investigated with Cox proportional hazards (PH) regression models for univariate and multivariate analyses to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). For the prediction indicators, optimum cut-off points were determined by calculating Youden's index. The efficacy of risk prediction of severe or critical illness was examined through the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: A total of 110 older adults with COVID-19 were included, in which 21 (19.1%) patients had severe or critical illness of COVID-19. Multivariable regression analysis showed that CD4 cells and D-dimer were independent risk factors. D-dimer, CD4 cells, and CD cells/D-dimer ratio with cut-off values of 0.65 (mg/L), 268 (cell/µL) and 431 were in the prediction of severe or critical illness of older adults with COVID-19. The AUC value of D-dimer, CD4 cells, CD4 cells/D-dimer ratio, the tandem combination and the parallel combination to predict severe or critical illness of the older adults with COVID-19 were 0.703, 0.804, 0.794, 0.812 and 0.694, respectively. Conclusion: D-dimer and CD4 cells either by themselves or in combination have demonstrated predictive value in risk stratification as well as established the prognosis of severe or critical illness in older adults with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Estado Terminal , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Medição de Risco , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Medição de Risco/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-29, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232205

RESUMO

In the face of COVID-19 pandemic caused by the newly emerged SARS-CoV-2, an inactivated, Vero cell-based, whole virion vaccine candidate has been developed and entered into phase III clinical trials within six months. Biochemical and immunogenic characterization of structural proteins and their post-translational modifications in virions, the end-products of the vaccine candidate, would be essential for the quality control and process development of vaccine products and for studying the immunogenicity and pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2. By using a panel of rabbit antisera against virions and five structural proteins together with a convalescent serum, the spike (S) glycoprotein was shown to be N-linked glycosylated, PNGase F-sensitive, endoglycosidase H-resistant and cleaved by Furin-like proteases into S1 and S2 subunits. The full-length S and S1/S2 subunits could form homodimers/trimers. The membrane (M) protein was partially N-linked glycosylated; the accessory protein 3a existed in three different forms, indicative of cleavage and dimerization. Furthermore, analysis of the antigenicity of these proteins and their post-translationally modified forms demonstrated that S protein induced the strongest antibody response in both convalescent and immunized animal sera. Interestingly, immunization with the inactivated vaccine did not elicit antibody response against the S2 subunit, whereas strong antibody response against both S1 and S2 subunits was detected in the convalescent serum. Moreover, vaccination stimulated stronger antibody response against S multimers than did the natural infection. This study revealed that the native S glycoprotein stimulated neutralizing antibodies, while bacterially-expressed S fragments did not. The study on S modifications would facilitate design of S-based anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines.

15.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 2606-2618, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33241728

RESUMO

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is causing huge impact on health, life, and global economy, which is characterized by rapid spreading of SARS-CoV-2, high number of confirmed cases and a fatality/case rate worldwide reported by WHO. The most effective intervention measure will be to develop safe and effective vaccines to protect the population from the disease and limit the spread of the virus. An inactivated, whole virus vaccine candidate of SARS-CoV-2 has been developed by Wuhan Institute of Biological Products and Wuhan Institute of Virology. The low toxicity, immunogenicity, and immune persistence were investigated in preclinical studies using seven different species of animals. The results showed that the vaccine candidate was well tolerated and stimulated high levels of specific IgG and neutralizing antibodies. Low or no toxicity in three species of animals was also demonstrated in preclinical study of the vaccine candidate. Biochemical analysis of structural proteins and purity analysis were performed. The inactivated, whole virion vaccine was characterized with safe double-inactivation, no use of DNases and high purity. Dosages, boosting times, adjuvants, and immunization schedules were shown to be important for stimulating a strong humoral immune response in animals tested. Preliminary observation in ongoing phase I and II clinical trials of the vaccine candidate in Wuzhi County, Henan Province, showed that the vaccine is well tolerant. The results were characterized by very low proportion and low degree of side effects, high levels of neutralizing antibodies, and seroconversion. These results consistent with the results obtained from preclinical data on the safety.

16.
Gene Ther ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051589

RESUMO

The long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of noncoding RNAs that are broadly expressed in various biological cells and function in regulating gene expression. However, the function of lncRNAs and the role of lncRNAs in gastric cancer remain to be determined. Herein, the function of lncRNA CA3-AS1 was investigated in gastric cancer. Firstly, we found that the expression level of CA3-AS1 was decreased in gastric cancer cell lines and tissues. Then, CA3-AS1 overexpression inhibited the gastric cancer cells migration and invasion and knockdown of CA3-AS1 enhanced the gastric cancer cells migration and invasion. Moreover, FISH assays and qPCR results revealed that CA3-AS1 was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm of gastric cancer cells. Then, the relationship between CA3-AS1 and miR-93-5p was explored. Luciferase reporter assays results showed that miR-93-5p was a direct target of CA3-AS1 in SGC-7901 and BCG-823. Furthermore, BTG3 was identified as a direct target gene of miR-93-5p. Restore experiments showed that CA3-AS1 upregulated the expression level of BTG3 and inhibited the gastric cancer cells invasion by sponging miR-93-5p. Finally, we found that CA3-AS1 inhibited the metastasis ability of gastric cancer cells in vivo. Above results suggested that CA3-AS1 acted as anti-oncogene in gastric cancer and might become a vital target for clinical treatment.

17.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 10163-10172, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116871

RESUMO

Background: Clinical tolerance to trastuzumab greatly affects the therapeutic effect in breast cancer (BC). Long-chain non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays an important role in the development of trastuzumab resistance, in which SNHG7 can promote the epithelial mesenchymal transformation (EMT) of breast cancer cells into, while EMT is related to trastuzumab resistance of breast cancer cells. Objective: To investigate whether lncRNA-SNHG7 can enhance chemotherapy resistance and cell viability of BC cells by regulating miR-186. Methods: SK-BR-3 and SNHG7 of HER2+BC cells were induced to enhance the resistance of BC cells to trastuzumab by regulating miR-186, and to regulate the expression levels of SNHG7 and miR-186. The sensitivity of drug-resistant cells to trastuzumab and the changes of cell proliferation, migration, apoptosis, and EMT were measured and verified by tumorigenesis in vivo. The effects of miR-186 on SNHG7 were investigated through rescue experiments; the regulatory relationship between the expression of SNHG7 and miR-186 was verified by the double luciferase reporter (DLR) and the mechanism of SNHG7 was explored. Results: Down-regulation of SNHG7 or up-regulation of miR-186 could increase the sensitivity of BC cells to trastuzumab, inhibit the proliferation, migration and EMT, and promote apoptosis. Compared with the down-regulation of SNHG7 or miR-186 alone, simultaneous down-regulation of SNHG7 and miR-186 on drug-resistant cells brought notably lower sensitivity to trastuzumab and apoptosis rate, and higher proliferation and apoptosis ability. The DLR showed that miR-186 could specifically inhibit the expression of SNHG7. The results of tumorigenesis in vivo revealed that down-regulation of SNHG7 or up-regulation of miR-186 could improve the therapeutic effect of trastuzumab and reduce the tumor volume, and miR-186 could also antagonize the effect of SNHG7. Conclusion: Down-regulation of SNHG7-targeted miR-186 can reverse trastuzumab resistance of BC cells, inhibit the proliferation, migration, and EMT levels of BC cells, and promote apoptosis.

18.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health problem, including in China. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for the development and progression of subclinical renal disease (SRD) in a Chinese population. We also examined whether the impact of the risk factors on SRD changed over time. SUBJECTS/METHODS: To identify the predictors of SRD, we performed a cross-sectional study of the 2432 subjects in our Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension Cohort. A subgroup of 202 subjects was further analyzed over a 12-year period from 2005 to 2017 to determine the risk factors for the development and progression of SRD. RESULTS: In cross-sectional analysis, elevated blood pressure, male gender, diabetes, body mass index, and triglyceride were independently associated with a higher risk of SRD. In longitudinal analysis, an increase in total cholesterol over a 4-year period and an increase in serum triglyceride over a 12-year period were independently associated with progression of albuminuria. Finally, increases in both total cholesterol and serum uric acid over a 4-year follow-up showed an independent association with a modest reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). CONCLUSIONS: In this study of a Chinese cohort, we show several metabolic abnormalities as independent risk factors for subclinical renal disease in a Chinese cohort. In addition, we demonstrate that the effects of total cholesterol, triglycerides and uric acid on the development and progression of albuminuria or the decline in eGFR vary at different points of follow-up. These findings highlight the importance of early detection of metabolic abnormalities to prevent SRD.

19.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(10): 8133-8144, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926267

RESUMO

The high efficiency, convenience and diversity of clustered regular interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) systems are driving a technological revolution in the gene editing of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Cas-RNA cassettes have been adopted as tools to perform gene deletion, insertion and point mutation in several species of LAB. In this article, we describe the basic mechanisms of the CRISPR-Cas system, and the current gene editing methods available, focusing on the CRISPR-Cas models developed for LAB. We also compare the different types of CRISPR-Cas-based genomic manipulations classified according to the different Cas proteins and the type of recombineering, and discuss the rapidly evolving landscape of CRISPR-Cas application in LAB.

20.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(11): 5654-5664, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931410

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic coccus, designated CK1056T, was isolated from coastal sediment of Xiaoshi Island, Weihai, PR China. Strain CK1056T was found to grow at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), with 0.5-6.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 3.5 %) and displayed alkaliphilic growth within the pH range of pH 6.5-10.0 (optimum, pH 8.0). The major fatty acids identified were iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c). The main polar lipids consisted of aminophosphoglycolipid and phosphatidylethanolamine. The predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 54.0 mol%. The result of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis confirmed the affiliation of this micro-organism to the family Puniceicoccaceae, with Coraliomargarita akajimensis KCTC 12865T as its closest relative with only 88.0 % sequence similarity. From the taxonomic data obtained in this study, we propose that the new marine isolate be placed into a novel species within a novel genus in the family Puniceicoccaceae, phylum Verrucomicrobia, for which the name Oceanipulchritudo coccoides gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CK1056T (=KCTC 72798T=MCCC 1H00425T).

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