Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 460
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e17053, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464965

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bronchial asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases in the world and has become a serious public health problem. Combination therapy has become the first choice for clinical treatment of bronchial asthma. In addition to the combined use of routine medication, traditional Chinese medicine as an adjuvant therapy is also considered. Xiaoqinglong Decoction (XQLD) is an effective prescription of traditional Chinese medicine in treating asthma, and there are more and more clinical reports about its combination with western medicine in treating asthma. Therefore, we designed this study protocol to evaluate the adjuvant role of XQLD in the treatment of bronchial asthma. METHOD: The following electronic databases will be systematically searched from inception to April 2019: PubMed, EMBASE database, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang, Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP), and China Biology Medicine disc, (CBM). And the following primary outcomes will be tested, including effective rate (ER), pulmonary function (FEV1, PEF, FEV1/FVC), adverse reactions (AR). RevMan5 software will be used for literature quality evaluation and stata14.0 software will be used for data synthesis and analysis. RESULT: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Xiaoqinglong decoction in combination therapy by observing the outcomes of efficacy, adverse reactions and pulmonary function. CONCLUSION: This study protocol will be used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of XQLD in combination with conventional drugs in the treatment of bronchial asthma, as well as the adjuvant role of XQLD in combination. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019133549.

2.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 258, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a common complication after the laminectomy. Epidural fibrosis is the major cause of lower back pain and other complications. Numerous studies have shown that apigenin (API) could treat various fibrotic diseases by regulating various signaling pathways, whereas no study has discussed whether API can inhibit fibroblast proliferation and reduce epidural fibrosis after the laminectomy by regulating Wnt3a/ß-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS: Human fibroblasts were cultured and treated with API in different concentrations for 24 h. CCK-8 detection and EdU incorporation assay were performed to detect cell viability and cell proliferation. Western blotting analysis was applied to detect expressions of proliferative proteins, Wnt3a, and its downstream proteins. Moreover, the Wnt3a gene was overexpressed in fibroblasts to define the relationship between Wnt3a/ß-catenin signaling pathway and fibroblast proliferation. Wnt3a overexpressed fibroblasts were treated with API to verify if it could reverse the effects of API treatment. Twenty-four Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups. Laminectomy was performed and the rats were gavaged with different doses of API or 5% sodium carboxyl methyl cellulose (CMC-Na) solution for 1 month. The abilities of API to inhibit fibroblast proliferation and to reduce epidural fibrosis were evaluated using histological and immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: CCK-8 detection and EdU incorporation assay demonstrated that API could inhibit the viability and proliferation rate of fibroblasts in a concentration-dependent manner. The Western blotting analysis revealed that API could inhibit the expressions of PCNA, cyclinD1, Wnt3a, and its downstream proteins. The overexpression of Wnt3a in fibroblasts could upregulate the expressions of proliferative proteins such as PCNA and cyclinD1. The inhibitory effect of API on PCNA, Wnt3a, and its downstream proteins was partially reversed by overexpression of Wnt3a. Moreover, the results of the histological and immunohistochemical analysis revealed that API could reduce the epidural fibrosis in rats by inhibiting fibroblast proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: API can inhibit fibroblast proliferation and reduce epidural fibrosis by suppressing Wnt3a/ß-catenin signaling pathway, which can be adopted as a new option to prevent epidural fibrosis after the laminectomy.

3.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 93: 743-751, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408731

RESUMO

White shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei are widely cultured in the world and white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) led to huge economic losses in the shrimp industry every year. In the present study, miRNAs involved in the response of shrimp L. vannamei to WSSV infection were obtained through the Illumina HiSeq 2500 high-throughput next-generation sequencing technique. A total number of 7 known miRNAs and 54 putative novel miRNAs were obtained. Among them, 14 DEMs were identified in the shrimp infected with WSSV. The putative target genes of these DEMs were related to host immune response or signaling pathways, indicating the importance of miRNAs in shrimp against WSSV infection. The results will provide information for further research on shrimp response to virus infection and contribute to the development of new strategies for effective protection against WSSV infections.

4.
BMC Pediatr ; 19(1): 281, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409339

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Off-label drug use is widespread in pediatric drug treatment, and the implementation of guidelines on this topic remains challenging. The objective of this study was to evaluate current practice and awareness of healthcare professionals towards pediatric off-label drug use, as well as the barriers to guideline implementation among pediatric healthcare professionals in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A validated questionnaire was issued to representatives of pediatricians, pharmacists, nurses and administrators from hospitals with pediatric qualification in Shanghai. RESULTS: A total of 679 completed questionnaires from 69 hospitals were included in the analysis. Nearly half (47.9%) of the pediatricians acknowledged that they had prescribed off-label drugs. Most (88.4%) of the pharmacists acknowledged that they had dispensed off-label medicines. The main reason for off-label prescribing was the lack of pediatric dosage information. The most common category of off-label prescribing in children was dosage. Nearly half (42.0%) of the participating hospitals had developed internal protocols for off-label drug use. However, approximately half of the respondents reported that they did not adhere to the guidance and that it had barriers to implementation. Most respondents (84.5%) declared that they were familiar with the term "off-label drug use". However, the awareness rate of the Chinese Expert Consensus of Pediatric Off-Label Drug Use was low (45.7%). More than half (55.4%) of the respondents declared that they did not adhere to the process proposed in the consensus and that barriers existed for its utilization. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric off-label drug use is widespread in Shanghai, China, and barriers exist to the implementation of the guideline. A legally recognized national guideline with a broad scope of application for off-label drug use is urgently needed; at the same time, more education and training on off-label drug use should be provided to targeted healthcare professionals.

5.
RNA Biol ; : 1-14, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416386

RESUMO

Synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are involved in codon usage preference or mRNA splicing. Up to date, however, the role of synonymous SNPs in immunity remains unclear. To address this issue, the SNPs of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) were characterized in shrimp in the present study. Our results indicated that there existed synonymous SNPs in the mRNAs of wsv151 and wsv226, two viral genes of WSSV. In the presence of SNP siRNA, wild-type siRNA, wild-type mRNA and SNP mRNA of wsv151 or wsv226, RNAi was significantly suppressed, showing that the synonymous SNPs of wsv151 and wsv226 played negative roles in host siRNA pathway due to mismatch of siRNA with its target. In insect cells, the mismatch, caused by synonymous SNPs of wsv151 or wsv226, between siRNA and its target inhibited the host RNAi. Furthermore, the data revealed that the co-injection of SNP siRNA and wild-type siRNA of wsv151 or wsv226 into WSSV-infected shrimp led to a significant increase of WSSV copies compared with that of SNP siRNA alone or wild-type siRNA alone, indicating that the synonymous SNPs of viral genes could be a strategy of virus escaping host siRNA pathway in shrimp in vivo. Therefore, our study provided novel insights into the underlying mechanism of virus escaping host antiviral RNAi immunity by synonymous SNPs of viral genes.

6.
Endocrine ; 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456041

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A clinical case presenting secondary amenorrhea accompanied by an adrenal adenoma and hyperprogesteronemia is described in this study. METHODS: Selective catheterization and sampling of adrenal and ovarian veins were performed. RESULTS: The source of hyperprogesteronemia was located in the right adrenal gland. A progesterone-producing tumor in the right adrenal gland was diagnosed and removed. Twenty-six days after tumor resection, menstruation occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Progesterone-producing tumors should be considered with the presence of an adrenal mass and hyperprogesteronemia. Combined adrenal and ovarian venous sampling may help to identify the source of progesterone secretion.

7.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 380: 114696, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381904

RESUMO

TGFß signaling plays an important role in orchestrating a favorable microenvironment for tumor cell growth and promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition. As a conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammation drugs, tolfenamic acid (TA) has been previously reported to exhibit anti-cancer activity. Herein, we investigated the effect of TA on TGFß-mediated pro-metastatic activity and the underlying mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). As a result, TA suppresses TGFß-induced migration and glycolysis in HCC cells, which is accompanied with reduced Smad phosphorylation and subsequent nuclear transcription activity. Mechanistically, TA promotes lipid raft-caveolar internalization pathway of TGFß receptor, therefore leading to its rapid turnover. Consistently, TA inhibits constitutively active TGFß type I receptor induced Smad phosphorylation and EMT markers, whereas ectopic expression of TGFß type II receptor could partially rescue TGFß-mediated Smad2 phosphorylation and downstream genes expression in the presence of TA. Furthermore, TA inhibited HCC cells invasion in nude mice, associated with the alteration of characteristics related with EMT and glycolysis of cancer cells. Our study suggests TA could activate lipid raft pathway and modulate TGFß mediated metastasis, implicating the potential application of TA as a modulator of tumor microenvironment in HCC.

8.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 233, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells always express high levels of stemness-associated transcription factors to maintain their features. However, the regulatory mechanism of the stemness of cancer stem cells mediated by transcription factors has not been extensively explored. METHODS: The YB-1 gene in cancer stem cells was knocked out by the CRISPR/Cas9 system. The YB-1 knockout cancer stem cells were transfected with a vector expressing YB-1 to rescue YB-1, and then the cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and stemness, as well as tumorigenesis in nude mice, were assessed to examine the effect of YB-1 in cancer stem cells. The target genes of YB-1 were confirmed by CHIP-seq. The totipotency or pluripotency of differentiated cancer stem cells were detected by tumorsphere formation assay and quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: The deletion of YB-1 gene inhibited the proliferation of breast cancer stem cells and melanoma stem cells, leading to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, and induced irreversible differentiation of cancer stem cells. The tumorigenicity ability of YB-1-deleted cancer stem cells was significantly reduced in vitro and in vivo. The results of ChIP-seq showed that YB-1 maintained the stemness of cancer stem cells by promoting the expressions of stemness-associated genes (FZD-1, p21, GLP-1, GINS1, and Notch2). Furthermore, simultaneous expressions of YB-1 and the other four (SOX2, POU3F2, OCT-4, and OLIG1) or five (SOX2, SALL2, OCT-4, POU3F2, and Bmi-1) transcription factors in YB-1 knockout cancer stem cells restored the stemness of YB-1 knockout cancer stem cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that YB-1 was required for maintaining the stemness of cancer stem cells and reverting the differentiated tumor cells into cancer stem cells.

9.
FASEB J ; : fj201900395RR, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284761

RESUMO

A tumor can be regarded as a cell mass with a biologic hierarchy that is orchestrated by cancer stem cells. The specific features of cancer stem cells may result from a series of gene expression regulatory mechanisms. As important regulatory factors of gene expression, microRNAs (miRNAs) have critical roles in the self-renewal, pluripotency, differentiation, and tumorigenicity of cancer stem cells. However, the effects of animal miRNAs on cancer stem cells have not been investigated extensively. Here, we report that miRNA of a shrimp, Marsupenaeus japonicus (mja-miR-35-3p), which possesses antiviral activity in shrimp, could suppress the proliferation of melanoma and breast cancer stem cells, but not cancer nonstem cells, by arresting the cell cycle in the G1 phase and inducing apoptosis. Shrimp mja-miR-35-3p (named mja-miR-35) targets the human peptidylprolyl cis/trans isomerase, never in mitosis gene a-interacting 1 (PIN1) gene, which is up-regulated in cancer stem cells. The results indicated that PIN1 silencing caused cell cycle arrest in the G1 phase, induced apoptosis, and decreased the sphere-forming capacity of cancer stem cells, but not cancer nonstem cells, showing that PIN1 had beneficial effects against the stemness of cancer stem cells. The in vivo data revealed that shrimp mja-miR-35 suppressed the stemness of cancer stem cells in mice by inhibiting the PIN1 antiapoptotic-cell cycle pathway. These findings demonstrated that the miRNAs of aquatic animals might be an important source for discovering human antitumor drugs.-Zhang, S., Zhang, X. Shrimp miRNA suppresses the stemness of human cancer stem cells via the PIN1 pathway.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(35): 12117-12122, 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276281

RESUMO

Despite the successful application of upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), their low energy transfer efficiency is still a bottleneck to further applications. Here we design UCNPs with a multilayer structure, including an inert NaYF4 :Gd core and an energy-concentrating zone (ECZ), for efficient energy concentration. The ECZ is composed of an emitting layer of NaYF4 :Yb,Er and an absorption layer of NaYF4 :Nd,Yb with antenna IRDye 800CW to manipulate the energy transfer. The stable and tight packing of 800CW linked originally with a bisphosphonate ligand improves greatly the transfer efficiency. The proximity of the emitting layer to both surface antenna and accepter also decreases energy depletion. Compared to classical UCNPs, the ECZ UCNPs show 3600 times higher luminescence intensity with an energy transfer efficiency near 60 %. In proof-of-concept applications, this type of structure was employed for Hg2+ detection and for photodynamic therapy under hypoxic conditions.

11.
Food Funct ; 10(8): 4868-4876, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334540

RESUMO

In this study, a polysaccharide was extracted from Physalis pubescens L. (named PP). Its antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic activities were evaluated in STZ-induced diabetic mice. Results showed that PP was determined to be composed of rhamnose (Rha), arabinose (Ara), fucose (Fuc), xylose (Xyl), mannose (Man), glucose (Glc) and galactose (Gal) with molar percentages of 4.65%, 17.34%, 1.43%, 6.24%, 5.52%, 45.5%, and 19.31%, respectively. The average molecular weight (Mw) was found to be 20.0 kDa. It had a strong α-glucosidase inhibitory activity in vitro. PP treatment could enhance the oral glucose tolerance, and increase the levels of SOD, GSH, CAT, vitamin C, vitamin E, HDL-c, C-peptide, GCK and hepatic glycogen in diabetic mice. Besides, PP treatment could also decrease the levels of MDA, TG, TC, LDL-c, BUN and G-6-Pase. The regulating effects were stronger in high dose PP treatment than those in the low and medium dose treatments. In short, PP played an important role in protecting STZ-induced diabetic mice, and the effect was closely related to its activities in antioxidation and regulating glucose and lipid metabolism.

12.
Mikrochim Acta ; 186(7): 416, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187243

RESUMO

A voltammetric sandwich immunoassay is described for the biomarker cardiac troponin I (cTnI). The gold nanocube-functionalized graphene oxide (AuNC/GO) is employed as a substrate to accelerate the electron transfer and to immobilize more primary antibodies. It also employs composite materials prepared from bimetallic gold/silver core-shell nanocubes and nitrogen and sulfur co-doped reduced graphene oxide as the signal amplifier. The introduction of N and S into GO enlarges the active surface and accelerates the electron transfer rate. Such unique characteristics render the material an effective support substrate to load more Au@AgNC and to immobilize an increasing number of second antibodies via Ag-N bonds. After specific binding with cTnI, the immunosensor was incubated in a labeled cTnI secondary antibody solution. The amperometric signal change is then measured at 0.34 V (vs. SCE) using o-phenylenediamine and hydrogen peroxide as an electrochemical probe. Response is linear in the concentration range from 100 fg∙mL-1 to 250 ng∙mL-1, and the detection limit is 33 fg∙mL-1. Graphical abstract Schematic presentation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) electrochemical immunosensor based on gold nanocube-functionalized graphene oxide (AuNC/GO) as substrate material, bimetallic gold/silver core-shell nanocubes and nitrogen and sulfur co-doped reduced graphene oxide (Au@AgNC/N, S-rGO) as signal amplifier, and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and o-phenylenediamine (o-PD) as redox probe.

13.
Nephron ; : 1-13, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex clinical disorder with sudden decay in renal function. Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has been regarded as the main etiology for the occurrence of AKI. MicroRNAs have been consistently shown to be involved AKI. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the role of miR-155 in AKI and its underlying mechanism. METHODS: Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced AKI rat model and hypoxia-reoxygeneration (H/R)-induced NRK-52E cell model were established. The concentrations of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen were measured to evaluate renal function. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and TUNEL assay were performed to assess the severity of kidney injury. Additionally, quantitative real-time-PCR and western blot analysis were subjected to determine the expression of miR-155, TCF4, and apoptosis-related proteins, respectively. Moreover, cell proliferation and apoptosis were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8, bromodeoxyuridine, and flow cytometry analyses, respectively. Luciferase reporter assay was used to validate the direct targeting of TCF4 with miR-155. The protein levels of TCF4 and its downstream proteins in cells were measured by western blot. RESULTS: The expression level of miR-155 was upregulated in both I/R-induced AKI rat model and H/R-treated NRK-52E cells. Moreover, overexpression of miR-155 promoted H/R-induced NRK-52E cells apoptosis and suppressed cell proliferation, while inhibition of miR-155 expression exerted opposite effects. Additionally, TCF4 was identified as a target of miR-155, of which expression was downregulated both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, the activity of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway was promoted following overexpression of TCF4 in NRK-52E cells, and this effect was attenuated by the increasing miR-155 expression. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that miR-155 exacerbated AKI involving the targeting and regulation of TCF4/Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, indicating a novel regulatory network and elucidating a potential target for IRI-induced AKI treatment.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165576

RESUMO

The microstructures, corrosion behavior, and mechanical degradation of the as-extruded Mg-6.0Gd-0.5Zn-0.4Zr (wt %, GZ60K) and Mg-6.0Gd-1.0Zn-0.4Zr (wt %, GZ61K) alloys were investigated. In both alloys, stacking faults and precipitates are formed in the recrystallized microstructures. The corrosion rate of GZ61K calculated by the hydrogen evolution in simulated body fluid is 0.34 ± 0.13 mm/year, which is lower than that of GZ60K (0.45 ± 0.09 mm/year); and the current density of GZ61K (5.23 ± 1.41 µA cm-2 ) is much lower than that of GZ60K (11.95 ± 3.37 µA cm-2 ). The corrosion results indicate GZ61K is more resistant to corrosion than GZ60K, but GZ60K presents more uniform corrosion mode as compared to GZ61K. After immersion in simulated body fluid for 7, 14, and 21 days, a slight decrease in the strength of both alloys is observed. The yield strength half-life is assessed for mechanical degradation and determined to be 125 and 85 days for GZ60K and GZ61K, respectively. The as-extruded GZ60K alloy with more uniform corrosion and longer mechanical integrity shows promising potential for orthopedic application.

15.
Cancer Imaging ; 19(1): 42, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31234926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the value of CT-guided percutaneous needle biopsy of bone in the diagnosis of lymphomas based on PET/CT results. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the records of all patients with percutaneous bone biopsies based on PET/CT results and a final diagnosis of lymphoma between January 2012 and August 2017 was performed. Thirty-one patients were included in this study. The success and complication rates were assessed. RESULTS: The mean age of the 31 patients was 46.6 ± 21.2 years, and there were 16 men and 15 women. A definite diagnosis and accurate histological subtype were obtained in 26 patients, for a success rate of 84%. The most common subtype was diffuse large B cell lymphoma (n = 18). The remaining subtypes included three cases of marginal-zone lymphoma, two cases of follicular lymphoma, one case of Hodgkin's lymphoma, one case of peripheral T cell lymphoma, and one case of B cell lymphoblastic lymphoma. No serious complications occurred in any of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: CT-guided needle biopsy based on PET/CT results is a reliable means of diagnosing and classifying lymphomas.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152354

RESUMO

In this paper, we synthesized HNbMoO6/C composite through the calcination of octylamine-intercalated HNbMoO6 precursor. The resulting HNbMoO6/C composite showed some new phases of MoO2, MoO3, NbO2, Nb2O5, and carbon, which was fully confirmed via powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) technologies. Besides, the HNbMoO6/C hybrid was coated on glass carbon electrode to construct an electrochemical sensor for sensitive determination of clenbuterol. The electrochemical behaviors of clenbuterol on the prepared electrode were tested by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) analysis. The results showed that the intercalated carbon can act as active sites to accelerate electron transfer. In addition, more exposed surface areas of the HNbMoO6/C composite will facilitate the electrolyte to permeate. The oxidation peak current of clenbuterol was linearly related to its concentration in the range of 1.04 × 10-5 to 7.51 × 10-4 mol L-1, and the determination limit was calculated to be 3.03 × 10-6 mol L-1 (S/N = 3). This sensor exhibits excellent stability, reproducibility, specificity, and good recoveries when applied to monitor clenbuterol in real samples.

17.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 21-30, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146005

RESUMO

The DCP1-DCP2 complex can regulate the antiviral immunity of animals by the decapping of retrovirus RNAs and the suppression of RNAi during RNA virus infection. However, the influence of DCP1-DCP2 complex on DNA virus infection and the regulation of DCP1-DCP2 complex by microRNAs (miRNAs) remain unclear. In this study, the role of miRNA-regulated DCP1-DCP2 complex in DNA virus infection was characterized. Our results showed that the DCP1-DCP2 complex played a positive role in the infection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), a DNA virus of shrimp. In the DCP1-DCP2 complex, the N-terminal regulatory domain of DCP2 was interacted with the EVH1 domain of DCP1. Furthermore, shrimp miRNA miR-87 inhibited WSSV infection by targeting the host DCP2 gene and viral miRNA WSSV-miR-N46 took a negative effect on WSSV replication by targeting the host DCP1 gene. Therefore, our study provided novel insights into the underlying mechanism of DCP1-DCP2 complex and its regulation by miRNAs in virus-host interactions. IMPORTANCE: During RNA virus infection, the DCP1-DCP2 complex can play important roles in the animal antiviral immunity by decapping retrovirus RNAs and suppressing RNAi. In the present study, the findings indicated that the silencing of DCP1 and DCP2 inhibited the infection of WSSV, a DNA virus of shrimp, suggesting that the DCP1-DCP2 complex facilitated DNA virus infection. Due to the suppressive role of the DCP1-DCP2 complex in shrimp RNAi against WSSV infection, the DCP1-DCP2 complex could promote WSSV infection in shrimp. The results showed that WSSV-miR-N46 and shrimp miR-87 could respectively suppress the expressions of DCP1 and DCP2 to affect virus infection. Therefore, our study contributed novel aspects of the DCP1-DCP2 complex and its regulation by miRNAs in virus-host interactions.

18.
Aging Male ; : 1-6, 2019 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and efficacy of wide local excision combined with aminolevulinic acid (ALA) photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of scrotal Paget's disease in patients of advanced age. METHODS: Data were collected for 16 patients (mean age, 68.44 years) with scrotal Paget's disease treated with wide local excision combined with ALA PDT and followed up from June 2014 to February 2018. Pathological examination after wide local excision confirmed Paget's disease. The patients underwent three courses of ALA PDT postoperatively and were followed up to determine the curative effect and complications in the short and middle term. RESULTS: The disease duration ranged from 4 to 76 months (mean, 36 months). Ten patients underwent simple excision, six underwent skin flap transfer, and two required reoperations due to skin flap necrosis and infection. The patients were followed up for 3 to 42 months after ALA PDT, during which time two patients developed metastasis (recurrence rate, 12.50%). No other serious complications occurred during follow-up except for lower limb movement disorder in one patient (6.25%). CONCLUSIONS: Wide local excision combined with ALA PDT shows good clinical efficacy and a low complication rate in patients of advanced age with scrotal Paget's disease.

19.
Bioelectrochemistry ; 128: 140-147, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30991310

RESUMO

A sandwich-type electrochemical immunosensor was fabricated for the quantitation of alpha fetoprotein (AFP). To this end, the Au@Pt dendritic nanorods loaded with amino functionalized molybdenum selenide nanosheets (Au@Pt 41 DNRs/NH2-MoSe2 NSs) with enhanced peroxidase-like properties were selected as the secondary antibody label (Ab2) to achieve signal amplification. The as-obtained Au@Pt DNRs/NH2-MoSe2 NSs exhibited better catalytic activity toward hydrogen peroxide reduction and offered rich anchors for bioconjugation. Meanwhile, gold nanoparticles anchored on an amino functionalized graphene (Au NPs/NH2-GS) composite with admirable conductivity and biocompatibility was used as the matrix material to improve sensitivity. Under optimal conditions, amperometric current responses had a good linear relationship with the logarithm values of AFP concentration in the range 10 fg mL-1 to 200 ng mL-1 with a detection limit of 3.3 fg mL-1 (S/N = 3). Additionally, the immunosensor had excellent reproducibility, selectivity, and stability, which indicated superior performance for AFP detection compared with previous reports. The satisfactory results of human serum samples analysis showed that the designed immunosensor has potential applicability for the sensitive detection of other tumor markers.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Imobilizados/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Molibdênio/química , Nanocompostos/química , Platina/química , Compostos de Selênio/química , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Grafite/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Limite de Detecção , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Oxirredução , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Plant Mol Biol ; 100(1-2): 163-179, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937701

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: We demonstrate that the C-terminus of OsCDC48 is essential for maintaining its full ATPase activity and OsCDC48/48E interaction is required to modulate cellular processes and plant survival in rice. Cell division cycle 48 (CDC48) belongs to the superfamily protein of ATPases associated with diverse cellular activities (AAA). We previously isolated a rice CDC48 mutant (psd128) displaying premature senescence and death phenotype. Here, we showed that OsCDC48 (Os03g0151800) interacted with OsCDC48E (Os10g0442600), a homologue of OsCDC48, to control plant survival in rice. OsCDC48E knockout plants exhibited similar behavior to psd128 with premature senescence and plant death. Removal of the C-terminus of OsCDC48 caused altered expression of cell cycle-related genes, changed the percentage of cells in G1 and G2/M phases, and abolished the interaction between OsCDC48 itself and between OsCDC48 and OsCDC48E, respectively. Furthermore, the truncated OsCDC48-PSD128 protein lacking the C-terminal 27 amino acid residues showed a decreased level of ATPase activity. Overexpression of OsCDC48-psd128 resulted in differential expression of AAA-ATPase associated genes leading to increased total ATPase activity, accumulation of reactive oxygen species and decreased plant tiller numbers while overexpression of OsCDC48 also resulted in differential expression of AAA-ATPase associated genes leading to increased total ATPase activity, but increased plant tiller numbers and grain yield, indicating its potential utilization for yield improvement. Our results demonstrated that the C-terminal region of OsCDC48 was essential for maintaining the full ATPase activity and OsCDC48/48E complex might function in form of heteromultimers to modulate cellular processes and plant survival in rice.


Assuntos
Oryza/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Adenosina Trifosfatases/química , Adenosina Trifosfatases/genética , Adenosina Trifosfatases/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Ciclo Celular/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Mutação/genética , Oryza/genética , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fenótipo , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Ligação Proteica , Transporte Proteico , Deleção de Sequência
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA