Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 544
Filtrar
1.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 147(1): 516, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006999

RESUMO

This paper studies the acoustic radiation force of a rigid sphere positioned in a fluid-filled cylindrical cavity with an abruptly changed cross-section. This cavity consists of a semi-infinite front tube and a coaxially connected semi-infinite rear tube with different cross-sectional area through a transverse planar junction. Considering a plane wave propagates along the cavity, the exact expression of the acoustic radiation force exerted on the sphere in the front tube is deduced. The effects of the distance between the sphere and the planar junction and the radius ratio of the front tube to the rear tube on acoustic radiation force are analyzed. Numerical results show that the distance influences the acoustic radiation force periodically. Both the distance and the radius ratio of the tubes affect the magnitude and the direction of acoustic radiation force. A finite element model about the calculation for the acoustic radiation force on the sphere in the fluid-filled cylindrical cavity with suddenly changed cross-section is built to validate the theoretical results. The comparison results between the theoretical computation and the finite element simulation are in good agreement with each other. This work can support future studies for the predictive control of a particle in the cavity which has an abruptly changed cross-section.

2.
Pharmazie ; 75(1): 36-40, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033632

RESUMO

Oxidative stress plays a crucial role in pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies reported that isosteviol sodium (STVNa) harbor cardioprotective properties. Here, we explore the potential cardioprotective effect of STVNa on H2 O2 -induced oxidative stress on heart embryonic H9c2 cardiomyocytes and the underlying mechanism. We have found that STVNa pretreatment improved cell viability, nuclear morphology and prevented LDH release induced by oxidative stress. STVNa pretreatment also reduced production of reactive oxygen species, preserved mitochondrial function, restored biological antioxidant defense systems and prevented cell death. Western blotting analysis revealed that STVNa regulated the mitochondrial related pro- and anti-apoptotic protein (Bax and Bcl-2 respectively) levels, increased phosphorylation of Akt (ser473) and GSK-3ß (ser9) and promoted binding between HK-II and mitochondria under the normal or oxidative stress conditions. LY294002, a PI3K inhibitor, abolished cytoprotective effects of STVNa by inhibiting activation of Akt and GSK-3ß. Based on these findings, we conclude that STVNa protects H9c2 cells against oxidative stress by activating Akt/GSK-3ß signaling pathway, which, in turn, leads to recruitment of HK-II to mitochondria and regulating Bcl2/Bax levels.

3.
Int J Phytoremediation ; : 1-10, 2020 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064907

RESUMO

A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to assess the effects of biochar (BC) and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF)-Funneliformis mosseae (Fm), Glomus versiforme (Gv) and Rhizophagus intraradices (Ri) on the plant growth and Cd/Pb accumulation by corn grown in the soils artificially contaminated with 5 mg Cd and 300 mg Pb kg-1 soil. The single AMF inoculation and combined usage of AMF and BC evidently improved the P contents of maize. Furthermore, the combined use of AMF and BC produced pronounced positive effect on corn growth, and the shoot biomass in Gv + BC group was 9.85-fold higher than that of the control. Meanwhile, the single BC addition and combined utilization of AMF and BC significantly reduced Cd and Pb concentrations in maize, and the greater reduces were found in the combined utilization, and the lowest Cd concentration of shoot was appeared in Gv + BC group. The single BC addition and combined application of AMF and BC significantly increased soil pH, and reduced soil diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA)-extractable Cd/Pb. This study demonstrated a synergistic effect between AMF (Gv, Fm, Ri) and BC on improving maize growth and decreasing Cd/Pb accumulation in maize, and the combined use of Gv and BC brought the most pronounced effect, which could provide a feasible strategy for safe production of maize from Cd/Pb-polluted soils.

4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 90: 59-66, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081341

RESUMO

To correctly assess and properly manage the public health risks associated with exposure to contaminated water, it is necessary to identify the source of fecal pollution in a watershed. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of our two previously developed real time-quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays for the detection of swine-associated Bacteroidales genetic markers (gene 1-38, gene 3-53) in the Yangtze Delta watershed of southeastern China. The results indicated that the gene 1-38 and 3-53 markers exhibited high accuracy (92.5%, 91.7% conditional probability, respectively) in detecting Bacteroidales spp. in water samples. According to binary logistic regression (BLR), these two swine-associated markers were well correlated (P < 0.05) with fecal indicators (Escherichia coli and Enterococci spp.) and zoonotic pathogens (E. coli O157: H7, Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp.) in water samples. In contrast, concentrations of conventional fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) were not correlated with zoonotic pathogens, suggesting that they are noneffective at detecting fecal pollution events. Collectively, the results obtained in this study demonstrated that a swine-targeted qPCR assay based on two Bacteroidales genes markers (gene 1-38, gene 3-53) could be a useful tool in determining the swine-associated impacts of fecal contamination in a watershed.

5.
Mol Med Rep ; 21(2): 533-539, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974613

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are categorized as non­coding RNAs that, unlike widely known canonical linear RNAs, form a covalently closed continuous loop without 5' or 3' polarities, which enables them to resist digestion by RNA exonucleases. Although the functions of circRNAs remain largely unknown, accumulated evidence has demonstrated that circRNAs can act as microRNA sponges, which allows them to regulate numerous biological processes and disease mechanisms, including apoptosis, angiogenesis, invasion, metastasis and stem cell differentiation. Although research into circRNAs is in its infancy, studies have identified critical roles for circRNAs in the initiation and progression of disease. The present study delineated the characteristics and functions of circRNAs, and focused on the potential relationship between circRNAs and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). CircRNAs represent a novel avenue for studying the mechanisms underlying ONFH as well as possible treatments.

6.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; : 101367, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987818

RESUMO

Ehrlichia canis is the etiologic agent of a highly prevalent tick-borne disease, canine monocytic ehrlichiosis (CME). Four defined E. canis genotypes based on the trp36 gene sequences have been reported, three of them identified in North or South America. The diversity of E. canis has been investigated using genetic and serologic approaches based on distinct 36 kDa tandem repeat protein (trp36) gene sequences that have been reported. The main objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of E. canis infection in dogs from Medellín, Colombia by PCR and determine the E. canis diversity using molecular and serologic approaches. Blood was collected from dogs (n = 300) with clinical signs of CME for PCR detection of E. canis 16S rRNA, dsb and trp36 DNA. Phylogenetic analysis of trp36 gene sequences was performed using MEGA. A serological evaluation was performed using immunofluorescence microscopy and ELISA with species-specific peptides from E. canis TRP19 and TRP36 (3 genotypes) and E. chaffeensis (TRP32). E. canis DNA (16S rRNA and/or dsb) was detected in 18 % (53/300) of dogs by PCR amplification. The trp36 gene was amplified and sequenced from 35/53 16S rRNA/dsb PCR positive samples revealing three genotypes: United States (US; n = 21), Costa Rica (CR; n = 11), and Brazil (BR; n = 3). Most dogs (33/35) with detectable trp36 DNA had anti-E. canis TRP19 and TRP36 peptide antibodies that corresponded to the genotype detected by PCR. Dogs that had antibodies to the TRP19 peptide (82/300; 38 %), also had antibodies to one or more genotype-specific TRP36 peptides. Based on TRP36 serology, the dogs exhibited highest frequency of infection with the US genogroup (US = 26), followed by the CR genogroup (CR = 19) and the BR genogroup (BR = 11). Notably, 26/53 trp36 PCR positive dogs had detectable antibodies to multiple E. canis genotypes (US/BR/CR = 8, BR/CR = 7, US/CR = 6 and US/BR = 5) suggesting coinfection or multiple sequential infections with different genotypes. Colombian dogs did not have antibodies to E. chaffeensis as determined by a TRP32 species-specific ELISA. Our results demonstrate the presence of three previously defined genotypes in North and South America in Colombian dogs (US, BR, CR). These results also demonstrate that TRP19 and TRP36 serology can provide valuable information regarding E. canis exposure and the potential genotype(s) involved in infection.

7.
Langmuir ; 36(2): 591-599, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909630

RESUMO

Crystallization modification has been applied in many fields, such as materials science, petroleum engineering, and chemical engineering. The modification of organic-inorganic hybrids via paraffin hydrocarbon crystallization has been significantly important for the exploration of undersea oil and gas resources. In this work, a metal oxide organic-inorganic hybrid pour point depressant (MOIH-PPD) is provided along with an analysis of the microscopic structure of the paraffin hydrocarbon crystal employing small-angle X-ray scattering and X-ray diffraction. The MOIH-PPD modified crystal grain exhibited a decrease in the long period and in the radius of gyration of the crystal grain and an increase in the thickness of the interface layer compared with those of the unmodified paraffin crystal. In addition, the synergistic effect of heterogeneous nucleation and the magnetic response of MOIH-PPD on the paraffin hydrocarbon system was also investigated, revealing that the synergism modification yields stress superior to that of MOIH-PPD or magnetic field alone, which provides insight into the possibility of the modification of paraffin hydrocarbon crystallization.

8.
Molecules ; 25(2)2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963434

RESUMO

Three novel Zn-based coordination polymers (CPs), [Zn(MIPA)]n (1), {[Zn(MIPA)(4,4'-bipy)0.5(H2O)]·1.5H2O}n (2), and {[Zn(MIPA)(bpe)]·H2O}n (3) (MIPA = 4-methoxyisophthalic acid, 4,4'-bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine, bpe = (E)-1,2-di(pyridine-4-yl)ethane), were constructed by ligand 4-methoxyisophthalic acid under solvothermal conditions. Compound 1 features a beaded 2D-layer architecture, while compound 2 presents a 2-fold interpenetrating structure with a uninodal three-connected hcb topology. Compound 3 has a 3-fold interpenetrated four-connected dmp topology. Photoluminescence investigations of compound 2 were explored in detail, by which ions were detected, and it was observed to have the highest quenching efficiency toward Al3+ and S2- ions. The possible fluorescence quenching mechanisms of 2 toward Al3+ and S2- ions were also explored. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first potential dual-responsive luminescent probe based on a Zn(II) coordination polymer for detecting Al3+ and S2- ions via a luminescence quenching effect in ethanol.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961644

RESUMO

As a parent compound of Li-rich electrodes, Li2MnO3 exhibits high capacity during the initial charge; however, it suffers notoriously low Coulombic efficiency due to oxygen and surface activities. Here, we successfully optimize the oxygen activities toward reversible oxygen redox reactions by intentionally introducing protons into lithium octahedral vacancies in the Li2MnO3 system with its original structural integrity maintained. Combining structural probes, theoretical calculations, and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering results, a moderate coupling between the introduced protons and lattice oxygen at the oxidized state is revealed, which stabilizes the oxygen activities during charging. Such a coupling leads to an unprecedented initial Coulombic efficiency (99.2%) with a greatly improved discharge capacity of 302 mAh g-1 in the protonated Li2MnO3 electrodes. These findings directly demonstrate an effective concept for controlling oxygen activities in Li-rich systems, which is critical for developing high-energy cathodes in batteries.

10.
J Neurol Sci ; 410: 116679, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951835

RESUMO

Paraquat has dopaminergic neurotoxicity and potentially contributes to Parkinson's disease (PD) as a risk factor. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of PQ-induced neurodegeneration have not been clearly elucidated. Studies have shown that PQ induces microglial neuroinflammation through toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-nuclear factor-κB pathway, resulting in neuronal cell loss. Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines in microglia, and in this study, the role of MAPKs in PQ-activated microglial inflammation was investigated. Murine BV2 microglial cells were treated with 40 µM of PQ following pretreatment of the cells with selective inhibitor of MAPKs phosphorylation for blockage of the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and P38, or a specific TLR4 inhibitor for blocking the activation of TLR4. The protein expression of phosphorylated ERK, JNK and p38, and the transcription expression of pro-inflammatory mediators were assessed with Western blotting and qRT-PCR technique, respectively. The results indicated that PQ significantly induced the phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and P38 in microglia, while MAPKs inhibitors suppressed PQ-induced phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and P38, and reduced the transcription level of pro-inflammatory cytokines. PQ-stimulated phosphorylation of ERK, JNK and P38 was also reduced by TLR4 inhibitor. The inhibited intensity in the level of pro-inflammatory cytokine transcription was obviously greater in TLR4 inhibitor + PQ group than in each MAPK inhibitor + PQ group. Taken together, inhibition of MAPKs phosphorylation partially attenuates PQ-induced microglial inflammation, which may become a potential intervention strategy for PQ neurotoxicity.

11.
Environ Toxicol ; 35(2): 277-291, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691492

RESUMO

Microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR) is a cyclic heptapeptide, produced by aquatic cyanobacteria such as microcystis, with strong reproductive toxicity which poses greater threat to the reproductive abilities of humans and animals. By exploring the role of trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4me3) and the role of oxidative stress in MC-LR-induced apoptosis in testicular Sertoli cells in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, this study indicated that MC-LR increased the expression levels of apoptosis-related genes by raising the levels of H3K4me3. 5'-Deoxy-5'-methylthioadenosine (MTA), the inhibitor of H3K4me3, reduced apoptosis, indicating for the first time that epigenetic modification is closely related to the testicular reproductive toxicity induced by MC-LR. MC-LR also induced oxidative stress by stimulating the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and subsequently triggering mitochondria-mediated apoptotic pathway by decreasing mitochondrial membrane potential and increasing the levels of Bax, Bcl-2, Caspase-3, and so on. MC-LR-induced apoptosis of testicular cells could be decreased after pretreatment with oxidative stress inhibitor N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). Furthermore, the pathological damage to mitochondria and testes were observed in SD rats. These results show that MC-LR can induce apoptosis by raising the levels of H3K4me3, and pretreatment with MTA can ameliorate the MC-LR-induced apoptosis of cocultured cells by lowering the levels of H3K4me3. Furthermore, NAC has a protective effect on MC-LR-induced apoptosis of testicular cells in SD rats by inhibiting the oxidative stress.

12.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125073, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683423

RESUMO

Microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR) is a variant of microcystins (MCs), which poses a serious threat to the reproductive system. Histone acetylation modification can regulate the expressions of apoptosis-related genes. However the mechanisms of histone acetylation involving MC-LR-induced apoptosis were not understood. This study investigated the change of histone acetylation and its role in apoptosis and cell cycle arrest induced by MC-LR. MC-LR enhanced the activity of histone deacetylase (HDAC), decreased the activity of histone acetylase (HAT), up-regulated the expression of HDAC1, and down-regulated the expressions of Ac-H3 and Ac-H4 in vitro and vivo. Meanwhile, MC-LR induced testicular tissue injury and increased the expressions of apoptosis-related genes, such as Bax, Caspase3 and Caspase8, ultimately causing cells apoptosis in testicular tissues. Furthermore, MC-LR also induced cell cycle arrest in S phase, increased the expression of P21Wif1/Cip1, and inhibited the expressions of cyclinD1, cyclinE1, CDK2 and E2F1. Importantly, HDAC inhibitor Trichostatin A (TSA) could ameliorate MC-LR-induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by reverse-regulating the expressions of these proteins. These results indicated that MC-LR could activate the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and disorder the cell cycle pathway to induce the cell apoptosis by enhancing HDAC activity and reducing histone acetylation of normal testicular cells in SD rats. Hence, histone acetylation has a vital function in MC-LR-induced apoptosis in SD rat testicular cells, which provides a new insight on the reproductive toxicity of male induced by MC-LR.

13.
Dig Endosc ; 32(1): 16-26, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Current evidence supporting the utility of endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) as primary treatment for distal malignant biliary obstruction (MBO) is limited. We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the performance of EUS-BD and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-guided biliary drainage (ERCP-BD) as primary palliation of distal MBO. METHODS: We searched several databases for comparative studies evaluating EUS-BD vs. ERCP-BD in primary drainage of distal MBO up to 28 February 2019. Primary outcomes were technical success and clinical success. Secondary outcomes included adverse events, stent patency, stent dysfunction, tumor in/overgrowth, reinterventions, procedure duration, and overall survival. RESULTS: Four studies involving 302 patients were qualified for the final analysis. There was no difference in technical success (risk ratio [RR] 1.00; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.93-1.08), clinical success (RR 1.00; 95% CI 0.94-1.06) and total adverse events (RR 0.68; 95% CI: 0.31-1.48) between the two procedures. EUS-BD was associated with lower rates of post-procedure pancreatitis (RR 0.12; 95% CI 0.02-0.62), stent dysfunction (RR 0.54; 95% CI 0.32-0.91), and tumor in/overgrowth (RR 0.22; 95% CI 0.07-0.76). No differences were noted in reinterventions (RR 0.59; 95% CI 0.21-1.69), procedure duration (weighted mean difference -2.11; 95% CI -9.51 to 5.29), stent patency (hazard ratio [HR] 0.61; 95% CI 0.34-1.11), and overall survival (HR 1.00; 95% CI 0.66-1.51). CONCLUSIONS: With adequate endoscopy expertise, EUS-BD could show similar efficacy and safety when compared with ERCP-BD for primary palliation of distal MBO and exhibits several clinical advantages.

14.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 19(1): 47-54, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a benign and chronic hypermelanosis characterized by irregular light brown to dark brown patches of hyperpigmentation on the skin. Oral tranexamic acid (TA) or vitamin C (VC) supplementation has been one treatment choice. TA interferes with keratinocyte-melanocyte interactions, and VC functions by reducing melanin production resulting in skin rejuvenation and whitening. AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy and safety of Myjet assisted transdermal injection of TA vs VC in the treatment of melasma. METHODS: In this split-face controlled trial, 17 patients were randomized to receive eight weekly transdermal injections of TA or VC via Myjet either on the right or the left side of their face. MASI was measured from each side of the face at the baseline, at the middle, and at the end of treatment. RESULTS: A reduction in MASI was observed for TA and VC separately (P value < 0.05). The difference in efficacy between TA and VC group was not statistically significant (P value 0.05). Both treatments were well tolerated, with no serious adverse events reported. CONCLUSION: Weekly TA or VC transdermal injections can be an effective treatment for melasma. Further studies are required to validate these findings.

15.
Mol Plant Microbe Interact ; 33(2): 364-375, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880982

RESUMO

We recently reported that the p28 auxiliary replication protein encoded by turnip crinkle virus (TCV) is also responsible for eliciting superinfection exclusion (SIE) against superinfecting TCV. However, it remains unresolved whether the replication function of p28 could be separated from its ability to elicit SIE. Here, we report the identification of two single amino acid mutations that decouple these two functions. Using an Agrobacterium infiltration-based delivery system, we transiently expressed a series of p28 deletion and point mutants, and tested their ability to elicit SIE against a cointroduced TCV replicon. We found that substituting alanine (A) for valine (V) and phenylalanine (F) at p28 positions 181 and 182, respectively, modestly compromised SIE in transiently expressed p28 derivatives. Upon incorporation into TCV replicons, V181A and F182A decoupled TCV replication and SIE diametrically. Although V181A impaired SIE without detectably compromising replication, F182A abolished TCV replication but had no effect on SIE once the replication of the defective replicon was restored through complementation. Both mutations diminished accumulation of p28 protein, suggesting that p28 must reach a concentration threshold in order to elicit a strong SIE. Importantly, the severe reduction of F182A protein levels correlated with a dramatic loss in the number of intracellular p28 foci formed by p28-p28 interactions. Together, these findings not only decouple the replication and SIE functions of p28 but also unveil a concentration dependence for p28 coalescence and SIE elicitation. These data further highlight the role of p28 multimerization in driving the exclusion of secondary TCV infections.

16.
Cytokine ; 126: 154924, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864100

RESUMO

AIMS: At present, there are few studies on the relationship between circulating irisin levels and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and the results are inconsistent. Therefore, this study conducts a systematic review and meta-analysis to comprehensively discuss the role of irisin in the occurrence and development of GDM. METHODS: We searched the articles on the relationship between GDM and circulating irisin levels up to September 2019, using the CNKI, WANFANG-DATA, PubMed and the Web of Science databases. RESULTS: Twenty two articles including 3563 participants were selected in the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis found the blood irisin levels for GDM group were significantly lower than that for control group during pregnancy(SMD = -0.88, 95%CI: -1.34, -0.42, P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference of irisin levels in the postpartum blood and cord blood between the two groups (SMD = -1.44, 95 %CI: -3.79, 0.92, P = 0.23; SMD = -0.17, 95 %CI: -0.59, 0.25, P = 0.42, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the control group, irisin levels in the GDM group during pregnancy are lower. However, it is no significant difference of irisin levels in the postpartum blood and cord blood. Irisin may play an important role in the occurrence and development of GDM, which needs further research to demonstrate.

17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 123: 109729, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887543

RESUMO

Tanshinone IIA (TS IIA) and Astragaloside IV (AS IV) are natural herbal products which exert anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects in order to eliminate unstable plaque in atherosclerosis. However, the combined effect of these two drugs on atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability and its molecular mechanism remains unclear. In the current study, we evaluate the effects of TS IIA and AS IV on atherosclerotic unstable plaque stability, and then further explore the mechanism of TS IIA and AS IV intervention on unstable plaque in vivo and in vitro. Histological characterization of atherosclerotic plaques was measured by Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE), Masson's Trichrome and Oil Red O staining. Cellular lipid droplet was measured by Oil Red O staining. The size of atherosclerotic lesion areas and content of lipids and collagen in the right common carotid arteries of apoE-/- mice were examined by Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE), Oil-red O, and Masson staining, respectively. The protein expression levels of interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and C-reactive protein (CRP) in ApoE-/- mice and RAW264.7 cells were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The protein expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in ApoE-/- mice and RAW264.7 cells were determined by western blotting. In addition, the PI3K/AKT and TRL4/NF-κB signaling were determined by western blotting. Our results revealed that the combination of TS IIA and AS IV significantly decreased lipid areas, increased collagen content and thickened fibrous cap in the right common carotid arteries compared with ApoE (-/-) mice model group. TS IIA and AS IV visibly reduced the cytoplasmic lipid droplet accumulation induced by oxLDL in RAW 264.7 macrophages. The ApoE-/- mice model group and oxLDL -stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages treated with TS IIA and AS IV showed a downregulation in IL-6, MMP-9, TNF-α and CRP protein expression and upregulation in eNOS protein expression. Furthermore, TSIIA and AS IV may activate PI3K/AKT signaling and suppress TLR4/NF-κB signaling in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, blocking the PI3K/Akt signaling enhanced the translocation of NF-κB to the nucleus, TLR4, IL-6, MMP-9, TNF-α and CRP expression and inhibited eNOS expression in TS IIA and AS IV-treated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Therefore, the present study implicates that TS IIA and AS IV reinforces plaque stability via PI3K/AKT and TLR4/NF-κB signaling. TS IIA and AS IV administration may provide the basis for a potential therapeutic approach for the inhibition of vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques.

18.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821060

RESUMO

A new cycloartane triterpene bisdesmoside, soulieoside T (1), and one known compound, oleanolic acid (2), were isolated from the ethanolic extract of the rhizomes of Actaea vaginata. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and by comparison with data reported in the literature. Compound 1 was evaluated for cytotoxic activities against three human cancer cell lines.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788935

RESUMO

An electrochemical four-component reaction cascade Mumm rearrangement was developed. It is a rare example of in situ generation of O-acyl isoamides for 1,3-(O→N) acyl transfer. Inexpensive, commercially available arylethylenes, aryl or heterocyclic acids, acetonitrile, and alcohols were used as substrates. A wide range of aryl acids and alcohols were tolerated and provided imides in satisfactory yields. Subsequent hydrolysis of imides could be utilized to synthesize valuable amides and ß-amino alcohol derivatives.

20.
Chemistry ; 25(67): 15217, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793089

RESUMO

Invited for the cover of this issue is the group of Min Zhang and Weiping Su at the Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter. Read the full text of the article at 10.1002/chem.201903551.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA