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1.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34611892

RESUMO

High on-treatment platelet reactivity (HOPR) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We randomised post-PCI patients with HOPR after 5 days of standard dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) to intensified therapy with aspirin 100 mg once daily in combination with either clopidogrel 150 mg once daily, clopidogrel 75 mg once daily plus cilostazol 100 mg twice daily, ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily, or standard therapy with clopidogrel 75 mg once daily (STD) for 1 month, after which all patients were switched to standard DAPT for a further 11 months. The primary outcome was residual HOPR rate at 1 month. We screened 1724 patients with light transmission aggregation studies and randomised 434 with HOPR. At 1 month the proportion of patients with persistent HOPR was significantly lower in the intensified therapy groups compared with STD group. Compared to the group receiving STD therapy, those receiving intensified therapy had significantly lower rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at both 1 month and 12 months with no significant increase in bleeding. In patients with post-PCI HOPR, 1 month of intensified antiplatelet therapy provides greater platelet inhibition and improves outcomes without increasing bleeding. Clinical Trial Registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique Identifier: NCT01955200.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 144: 112253, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607106

RESUMO

Iron supplementation is necessary for the treatment of anemia, one of the most frequent complications in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, oral iron supplementation leads to an exacerbation of intestinal inflammation. Gut barrier plays a key role in the pathogenesis of IBD. The aim of this study was to characterize the interrelationship between systemic iron, intestinal barrier and the development of intestinal inflammation in a dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induced experimental colitis mice model. We found that DSS-treated mice developed severe inflammation of colon, but became much healthy when intraperitoneal injection with iron. Iron supplementation alleviated colonic and systemic inflammation by lower histological scores, restorative morphology of colonic villi, and reduced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, intraperitoneal supplementation of iron enhanced intestinal barrier function by upregulating the colonic expressions of tight junction proteins, restoring intestinal immune homeostasis by regulating immune cell infiltration and T lymphocyte subsets, and increasing mucous secretion of goblet cells in the colon. High-throughput sequencing of fecal 16 S rRNA showed that iron injection significantly increased the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes, which was suppressed in the gut microbiota of DSS-induced colitis mice. These results provided evidences supporting the protective effects of systemic iron repletion by intraperitoneal injection of iron on intestinal barrier functions. The finding highlights a novel approach for the treatment of IBD with iron injection therapy.

3.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 18407, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526634

RESUMO

The main objective of this study is to analyze the clinical and pathological features and prognosis of patients with Hepatitis B associated membranous nephropathy (HBV-MN) and idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) complicated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study will provide more basis for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. A total of 50 patients with HBV-MN were included in this study. 56 IMN patients complicated with HBV infection diagnosed during the same period formed the control group. Parameters including blood routine, urine routine and plasma levels of albumin (ALB), serum creatinine (SCR), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), urea acid (UA), total cholesterol (T-CHO), triglycerides (TG), complement C3 and C4, glutamic pyruvic transaminase (ALT), glutamic pyruvic transaminase (AST), 24-h urinary protein quantification (24 h-TP), renal phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) and HBV related markers during the hospitalization and outpatient follow-up study period were collected for all the patients. The proportion of male patients was high in both groups. The average age of the HBV-MN group was 37.2 ± 14.187 years old, it was younger compared with the IMN group (P = 0.003). Nephrotic syndrome was the major clinical manifestation among patients. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the levels of anemia, microscopic hematuria, renal dysfunction, liver dysfunction, liver cirrhosis. The level of serum C3 and C4 in the HBV-MN group was lower compared with the IMN group (P = 0.002, P = 0.014). In the HBV-MN group, serum HBV markers were negative in 6 (12%) patients, 4 patients (8%) were positive for PLA2R in serum, and 5 patients (10%) were positive for PLA2R in renal tissue. Stronger IgG1 and C1q and weaker IgG4 staining were found in HBV-MN group renal tissues (P = 0.003, P = 0.025, and P = 0.001, respectively). There were no statistical differences compared with serum and renal PLA2R between HBV-MN and IMN groups (P = 0.098, P = 0.109). During the 1-year follow-up, there was no significant difference in complete remission rate between the two groups (P = 0.7739). Renal biopsy is crucial to diagnose HBV-MN. IgG subtypes in the HBV-MN group were mainly IgG1 deposition, while those in IMN complicated with HBV infection group were mainly IgG4 deposition. When HBV-associated antigen and PLA2R are present in renal tissue, lower level of serum C3 and C4, high intensity of renal C1q and IgG1 is more supportive of HBV-MN. The positive of PLA2R in serum and renal tissue in differentiating HBV from IMN complicated with HBV infection remains to be discussed.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(10): 891, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588420

RESUMO

Chromodomain helicase/ATPase DNA-binding protein 1-like gene (CHD1L) has been characterized to be a driver gene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the intrinsic connections between CHD1L and intestinal dysbacteriosis-related inflammation reaction in HCC progression remain incompletely understood. In this study, a specific correlation between CHD1L and nonmuscle isoform of myosin light chain kinase (nmMLCK/nmMYLK), a newly identified molecule associated NF-κB signaling transduction, was disclosed in HCC. CHD1L promotes nmMYLK expression and prevents lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced tumor cell death. In vitro experiment demonstrated that overexpressed nmMYLK is essential for CHD1L to maintain HCC cell alive, while knocking down nmMYLK significantly attenuate the oncogenic roles of CHD1L. Mechanism analysis revealed that nmMYLK can prevent Caspase-8 from combining with MyD88, an important linker of TLRs signaling pathway, while, knocking down nmMYLK facilitate the MyD88 combines with Caspase-8 and lead to the proteolytic cascade of Caspase as well as the consequent cell apoptosis. Mechanism analysis showed that CHD1L promotes the nmMYLK expression potentially through upregulating the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins A2/B1 (hnRNP A2/B1) expression, which can bind to myosin light chain kinase (MYLK) pre-mRNA and lead to the regnant translation of nmMYLK. In summary, this work characterizes a previously unknown role of CHD1L in preventing LPS-induced tumor cell death through activating hnRNP A2/B1-nmMYLK axis. Further inhibition of CHD1L and its downstream signaling could be a novel promising strategy in HCC treatment.

5.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2021: 9951946, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475805

RESUMO

Objectives: Dendrobium catenatum Lindl. (DH) is a Chinese herbal medicine, which is often used to make tea to improve immunity in China. Rumor has it that DH has a protective effect against cardiovascular disease. However, it is not clear how DH can prevent cardiovascular disease, such as atherosclerosis (AS). Therefore, the purpose of this study is to study whether DH can prevent AS and the underlying mechanisms. Methods: Zebrafish larvae were fed with high-cholesterol diet (HCD) to establish a zebrafish AS model. Then, we used DH water extracts (DHWE) to pretreat AS zebrafish. The plaque formation was detected by HE, EVG, and oil red O staining. Neutrophil and macrophage counts were calculated to evaluate the inflammation level. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in zebrafish were measured to reflect oxidative stress. The cholesterol accumulation and the levels of lipid, triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) were measured to reflect lipid metabolism disorder. Then, parallel flow chamber was utilized to establish a low shear stress- (LSS-) induced endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction model. EA.hy926 cells were exposed to LSS (3 dyn/cm2) for 30 min and treated with DHWE. The levels of ROS, SOD, MDA, glutathione (GSH), and glutathiol (GSSG) in EA.hy926 cells were analysed to determine oxidative stress. The release of nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and epoprostenol (PGI2) in EA.hy926 cells was measured to reflect EC dysfunction. The mRNA expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in EA.hy926 cells was detected to reflect EC dysfunction inflammation. Results: The results showed that DHWE significantly reduced cholesterol accumulation and macrophage infiltration in early AS. Finally, DHWE significantly alleviate the lipid metabolism disorder, oxidative stress, and inflammation to reduce the plaque formation of AS zebrafish larval model. Meanwhile, we also found that DHWE significantly improved LSS-induced EC dysfunction and oxidative stress in vitro. Conclusion: Our results indicate that DHWE could be used as a prevention method to prevent AS.

6.
Chemistry ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519367

RESUMO

The Rh-catalyzed ortho-C(sp2 )-H functionalization of 8-aminoquinoline-derived benzamides with aliphatic acyl fluorides generated in situ from the corresponding acids has been developed. This reaction initiated with 8-aminoquinoline-directed ortho-C(sp2 )-H acylation, which was accompanied by subsequent intramolecular nucleophilic acyl substitution of amide group to produce alkylidene phthalides This approach exhibits high stereo-selectivity for Z-isomer products, and tolerates a variety of functional groups as well as aliphatic carboxylic acids with diverse structural scaffolds.

7.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443434

RESUMO

The aerial part of Biebersteinia heterostemon Maxim. (Geraniaceae Biebersteiniaceae) known as ming jian na bao in Chinese, has been traditionally used in Tibetan folk medicine for treatment of diabetes and hypertension. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of galegine obtained from an ethanol extract of the entire Biebersteinia heterostemon plant on the rat's cardiovascular system in order to characterize its contributions as an antihypertensive agent. The antihypertensive effect of galegine was investigated in pentobarbital-anesthetized hypertensive rats at three dose levels based on the LD50 of galegine. Meanwhile a positive control group received dimaprit with the same procedure. Dimaprit infusion induced a significant hypotension which declined by an average margin of 20%. Simultaneously, single administration of galegine at the doses of 2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg by intraperitoneal injection induced an immediate and dose-dependent decrease in mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) by an average margin of 40% with a rapid increase in heart rate (HR). We demonstrated that galegine is effective in reducing blood pressure in anesthetized hypertensive rats with rapid onset and a dose-related duration of the effects. The results indicate that galegine was the bioactive compound which can be used as a pharmacophore to design new hypertensive agents.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacologia , Guanidinas/farmacologia , Magnoliopsida/química , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/química , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Dimaprit/farmacologia , Feminino , Guanidinas/química , Guanidinas/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
8.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 568, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407784

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Pregnancy termination during the second trimester in patients with placenta previa and placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a complex and challenging clinical problem. Based on our literature review, there has been a relative increase in the number of such cases being treated by hysterotomy and/or local uterine lesion resection and repair. In the present study, a retrospective analysis was conducted to compare the clinical outcomes when different management strategies were used to terminate pregnancy in the patients with placenta previa and PAS. METHODS: A total of 51 patients who underwent pregnancy termination in the second trimester in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital between June 2013 and December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. All patients having previous caesarean delivery (CD) were diagnosed with placenta previa status and PAS. RESULTS: ① Among the 51 patients, 16 cases received mifepristone and misoprostol medical termination, 15 cases received mifepristone and Rivanol medical termination, but 1 of them was transferred to hysterotomy due to failed labor induction, another 20 cases were performed planned hysterotomy. There was no placenta percreta cases and uterine artery embolization (UAE) was all performed before surgery.② There were 31 cases who underwent medical termination and 30 cases were vaginal delivery. Dilation and evacuation (D&E) were used in 20 cases of medical abortion failure and in all 30 cases of difficult manual removal of placental tissue. ③ A statistically significant difference was found among the three different strategies in terms of gestational weeks, the type of placenta previa status, main operative success rate and ß-HCG regression time (P < 0.05). ④ There were 4(7.8%) cases who were taken up for hysterectomy because of life-threatening bleeding or severe bacteremia during or after delivery and hysterotomy. The uterus was preserved with the implanted placenta partly or completely left in situ in 47(92.2%) cases. Combined medical and/or surgical management were used for the residual placenta and the time of menstrual recovery was 52(range: 33 to 86) days after pregnancy termination. CONCLUSIONS: Terminating a pregnancy by vaginal delivery through medical induction of labor may be feasible if clinicians have an overall understanding of gestational age, the type of placenta previa status, the type of placenta accreta, and patients concerns about preserving fertility. A collaborative team effort in tertiary medical centers with a very experience MDT and combined application of multiple methods is required to optimize patient outcomes.

9.
Infect Immun ; 89(11): e0022421, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370510

RESUMO

The immunomes of Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Ehrlichia canis have recently been revised to include immunodominant hypothetical proteins with conformational antibody epitopes. In this study, we examined 216 E. chaffeensis and 190 E. canis highly antigenic proteins according to ANTIGENpro and also performed a genome-wide hypothetical protein analysis (E. chaffeensis n = 104; E. canis n = 124) for immunoreactivity. Using cell-free protein expression and immunoanalysis, 118 E. chaffeensis and 39 E. canis proteins reacted with sera from naturally E. chaffeensis-infected patients or E. canis-infected dogs. Moreover, 22 E. chaffeensis and 18 E. canis proteins consistently and strongly reacted with a panel of patient or canine sera. A subset of E. chaffeensis (n = 18) and E. canis (n = 9) proteins were identified as immunodominant. Consistent with our previous study, most proteins were classified as hypothetical, and the antibody epitopes exhibited complete or partial conformation dependence. The majority (28/40, 70%) of E. chaffeensis and E. canis proteins contained transmembrane domains, and 19 (48%) were predicted to be secreted effectors. The antigenic repertoires of E. chaffeensis and E. canis were mostly diverse and suggest that the immunomes of these closely related ehrlichiae are dominated by species-specific conformational antibody epitopes. This study reveals a significant group of previously undefined E. chaffeensis and E. canis antigens and reaffirms the importance of conformation-dependent epitopes as targets of anti-Ehrlichia immune responses. These findings substantially expand our understanding of host-Ehrlichia immune responses, advance efforts to define the molecular features of protective proteins, and improve prospects for effective vaccines for the ehrlichioses.

10.
J Org Chem ; 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342230

RESUMO

An electrochemical Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons/hydrogenation tandem reaction was achieved using ammonia as electron and proton donors. The reaction could give two-carbon-elongated ester and nitrile from aldehyde or ketones directly. This reaction could proceed with a catalytic amount of base or even without a base. The ammonia provides both the electron and proton for this tandem reaction and enables the catalyst-free hydrogenation of an α,ß-unsaturated HWE intermediate. More than 40 examples were reported, and functional groups, including heterocycles and hydroxyl, were tolerated.

11.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(8): 3503-3529, 2021 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34291638

RESUMO

The complexity of the nervous system structure and function, and its slow regeneration rate, makes it more difficult to treat compared to other tissues in the human body when an injury occurs. Moreover, the current therapeutic approaches including the use of autografts, allografts, and pharmacological agents have several drawbacks and can not fully restore nervous system injuries. Recently, nanotechnology and tissue engineering approaches have attracted many researchers to guide tissue regeneration in an effective manner. Owing to their remarkable physicochemical and biological properties, two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have been extensively studied in the tissue engineering and regenerative medicine field. The great conductivity of these materials makes them a promising candidate for the development of novel scaffolds for neural tissue engineering application. Moreover, the high loading capacity of 2D nanomaterials also has attracted many researchers to utilize them as a drug/gene delivery method to treat various devastating nervous system disorders. This review will first introduce the fundamental physicochemical properties of 2D nanomaterials used in biomedicine and the supporting biological properties of 2D nanomaterials for inducing neuroregeneration, including their biocompatibility on neural cells, the ability to promote the neural differentiation of stem cells, and their immunomodulatory properties which are beneficial for alleviating chronic inflammation at the site of the nervous system injury. It also discusses various types of 2D nanomaterials-based scaffolds for neural tissue engineering applications. Then, the latest progress on the use of 2D nanomaterials for nervous system disorder treatment is summarized. Finally, a discussion of the challenges and prospects of 2D nanomaterials-based applications in neural tissue engineering is provided.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , Engenharia Tecidual , Humanos , Nanotecnologia , Sistema Nervoso , Medicina Regenerativa
12.
Transl Oncol ; 14(10): 101167, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34280886

RESUMO

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib selectively kills cancer cells with BRCA-deficiency and is approved for BRCA-mutated breast, ovarian and pancreatic cancers by FDA. However, phase III study of olaparib failed to show a significant improvement in overall survival in patients with gastric cancer (GC). To discover an effective biomarker for GC patient-selection in olaparib treatment, we analyzed proteomic profiling of 12 GC cell lines. MTA2 was identified to confer sensitivity to olaparib by aggravating olaparib-induced replication stress in cancer cells. Mechanistically, we applied Cleavage Under Targets and Tagmentation assay to find that MTA2 proteins preferentially bind regions of replication origin-associated DNA sequences, which could be enhanced by olaparib treatment. Furthermore, MTA2 was validated here to render cancer cells susceptible to combination of olaparib with ATR inhibitor AZD6738. In general, our study identified MTA2 as a potential biomarker for olaparib sensitivity by aggravating olaparib-induced replication stress.

13.
J Exp Bot ; 2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34279607

RESUMO

Intron splicing is an essential event in post-transcriptional RNA processing in plant mitochondria, which requires the participation of diverse nucleus-encoded splicing factors. However, it is presently unclear how these proteins cooperatively take part in the splicing of specific introns. In this study, we characterized a nucleus-encoded mitochondrial P-type pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) protein named EMP603. This protein is essential for splicing of intron 2 in the Nad1 gene and interact with the mitochondrion-localized DEAD-box RNA helicase PMH2-5140, the RAD52-like proteins ODB1-0814 and ODB1-5061, and the CRM domain-containing protein Zm-mCSF1. Further study revealed that the N-terminus region of EMP603 interacts with the DEAD-box of PMH2-5140, the CRM domain of Zm-mCSF1, and OBD1-5061, but not with OBD1-0814, whereas the PPR domain of EMP603 can interact with ODB1-0814, ODB1-5061, and PMH2-5140, but not with Zm-mCSF1. Defects in EMP603 severely disrupt the assembly and activity of mitochondrial complex I, leading to impaired mitochondrial function, and delayed seed development. The revealed interactions between EMP603 and PMH2-5140, ODB1-0814, ODB1-5061, and Zm-mCSF1 indicate a possible involvement of a dynamic "spliceosome-like" complex in the intron splicing, and may accelerate the elucidation of the intron splicing mechanism in plant mitochondria.

14.
Eur J Cancer Prev ; 30(6): 448-456, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292200

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Dietary factors are of importance in the development of stomach cancer. This study aims to examine index-based dietary patterns associated with stomach cancer in a Chinese population. METHODS: Using data from a population-based case-control study conducted in Jiangsu Province, China, we included a total of 8432 participants (1900 stomach cancer cases and 6532 controls). Dietary data collected by food frequency questionnaire was evaluated by modified Chinese Healthy Eating Index-2016 (mCHEI-2016) and the US Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015). Multiple logistic regression analyses were applied to examine the association of mCHEI-2016 and HEI-2015 with stomach cancer while adjusting for potential confounders. The possible interactions between mCHEI-2016 or HEI-2015 and established risk factors were explored. RESULTS: Among nonproxy interviews, after adjusting for potential confounding factors, a higher score of sodium, reflecting lower intake per day, was inversely associated with stomach cancer [odds ratio (OR), 0.95; 95% CI, 0.91-0.99 for mCHEI-2016; OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.94-0.99 for HEI-2015]. No clear associations with stomach cancer were identified for total scores of HEI-2015 (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.87-1.10 with a 10-point increase, P trend = 0.98) and mCHEI-2016 (OR, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.94-1.17 with a 10-point increase, P trend = 0.22). However, the relation between stomach cancer and the mCHEI-2016 was modified by BMI, with a possible inverse association in normal-weight subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight that reduced intake of dietary sodium would prevent the development of stomach cancer. The data indicate a heterogeneity between normal weight and overweight's dietary factors in relation to stomach cancer.

15.
Blood Cancer Discov ; 2(4): 370-387, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258103

RESUMO

Lysine demethylase 5A (KDM5A) is a negative regulator of histone H3K4 trimethylation, a histone mark associated with activate gene transcription. We identify that KDM5A interacts with the P-TEFb complex and cooperates with MYC to control MYC targeted genes in multiple myeloma (MM) cells. We develop a cell-permeable and selective KDM5 inhibitor, JQKD82, that increases histone H3K4me3 but paradoxically inhibits downstream MYC-driven transcriptional output in vitro and in vivo. Using genetic ablation together with our inhibitor, we establish that KDM5A supports MYC target gene transcription independent of MYC itself, by supporting TFIIH (CDK7)- and P-TEFb (CDK9)-mediated phosphorylation of RNAPII. These data identify KDM5A as a unique vulnerability in MM functioning through regulation of MYC-target gene transcription, and establish JQKD82 as a tool compound to block KDM5A function as a potential therapeutic strategy for MM.

16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 9995401, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34257830

RESUMO

This study is aimed at establishing a zebrafish model of AS, which can be applied for high-throughput screening anti-AS drugs. A zebrafish AS model was induced by high cholesterol diet (HCD) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the early stage of modeling, HCD induced zebrafish to show some early symptoms similar to human AS, mainly cholesterol accumulation, vascular inflammation, lipid metabolism disorder, and oxidative stress. In addition to lipid metabolism disorders, LPS also induced the same symptoms. And when HCD and LPS exist at the same time, these AS symptoms in zebrafish become more severe. When the modeling time reached 45 days, HCD and LPS induce the formation of plaques in zebrafish blood vessels, and these plaques contain fibrous tissue and lipids, which are similar to human AS plaques. We also evaluated the efficacy of some anti-AS drugs (atorvastatin, aspirin, and vitamin C) through these zebrafish AS models. The results found that atorvastatin can significantly reduce the symptoms of AS induced by HCD and LPS, and aspirin and vitamins can significantly reduce the symptoms of AS induced by LPS. It is feasible to use zebrafish to establish an AS model, and the zebrafish AS model can be used for high-throughput screening of anti-AS drugs.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322818

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) is an essential nutrient limiting life, and its biochemical cycling and distribution in rivers have been markedly affected by river engineering construction and operation. Here, we comprehensively analyzed the spatiotemporal variations and driving environmental factors of N distributions based on the long-term observations (from 2004 to 2016) of seven stations in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR). In the study period, several water quality indexes of the river reach improved, whereas N pollution was severe and tended to be aggravated after the TGR impoundment. The anti-seasonal reservoir operation strongly affected the variations in N forms. The total nitrogen (TN) concentration in the mainstream of the Yangtze River continuously increased, although it was still lower than that in the incoming tributaries (Wu and Jialing rivers). Further analysis showed that this increase occurred probably because of external inputs, including the upstream (76%), non-point (22%), and point source pollution inputs (2%). Additionally, different N forms showed significant seasonal variations; among them, the TN and nitrate nitrogen concentrations were the lowest in the impoundment season (October-February), and the ammonia nitrogen concentrations were the highest in the sluicing season (March-May). Redundancy analysis revealed that the water level and distance to the Three Gorges Dam were significant contributors to N forms distribution. Our findings could provide a basis for managing and predicting the water quality in the Yangtze River.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235828

RESUMO

The Ni-catalyzed decarbonylative borylation of (hetero)aryl carboxylic acids with B2 cat2 has been achieved without recourse to any additives. This Ni-catalyzed method exhibits a broad substrate scope covering poorly reactive non-ortho-substituted (hetero)aryl carboxylic acids, and tolerates diverse functional groups including some of the groups active to Ni0 catalysts. The key to achieve this decarbonylative borylation reaction is the choice of B2 cat2 as a coupling partner that not only acts as a borylating reagent, but also chemoselectively activates aryl carboxylic acids towards oxidative addition of their C(acyl)-O bond to Ni0 catalyst via the formation of acyloxyboron compounds. A combination of experimental and computational studies reveals a detailed plausible mechanism for this reaction system, which involves a hitherto unknown concerted decarbonylation and reductive elimination step that generates the aryl boronic ester product. This mode of boron-promoted carboxylic acid activation is also applicable to other types of reactions.

20.
Int J Med Robot ; 17(5): e2300, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was performed to promote the accuracy of bone resection and mechanical alignment. Among these TKA system procedures, 3D reconstruction of CT data of lower limbs consumes significant manpower. Artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms applying deep learning has been proved efficient in automated identification and visual processing. METHODS: CT data of a total of 200 lower limbs scanning were used for AI-based 3D model construction and CT data of 20 lower limbs scanning were utilised for verification. RESULTS: We showed that the performance of an AI-guided 3D reconstruction of CT data of lower limbs for robotic-assisted TKA was similar to that of the operator-based approach. The time of 3D lower limb model construction using AI was 4.7 min. AI-based 3D models can be used for surgical planning. CONCLUSION: AI was used for the first time to guide the 3D reconstruction of CT data of lower limbs for facilitating robotic-assisted TKA. Incorporation of AI in 3D model reconstruction before TKA might reduce the workload of radiologists.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Aprendizado Profundo , Prótese do Joelho , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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