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1.
Talanta ; 221: 121609, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076139

RESUMO

Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) is a crucial enzyme in base excision repair (BER) pathway. It can repair the uracil-induced DNA lesions and maintain the integrity of genome. In this paper, we developed a facile and ratiometric strategy for UDG activity detection using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). One double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) substrate consisting of strand 1 (dual-fluorescent dye-modified G-quadruplex sequence single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)), carboxyfluorescein (FAM) acted as donor and tetramethylrhodamine (TAMRA) as acceptor) and strand 2 (the complementary sequence of strand 1 containing three mismatched bases and three uracil bases) was introduced. When the UDG-catalyzed uracil is removed from dsDNA, the thermo-stability of dsDNA is decreased and the dual-fluorescent dye-modified G-quadruplex sequence ssDNA is released. Then, the ssDNA transforms into a G-quadruplex comformation, which brings the labeled FAM and TAMRA into close proximity, resulting in a strong FRET signal. In the absence of UDG, the relatively stable dsDNA separates the labeled FAM and TAMRA, giving a weak FRET signal. Thus, by measuring the system fluorescence intensity and exploiting FRET signal difference, UDG activity can be detected in a simple process. The detection limit is 0.087 U/mL without requiring additional signal amplification process. Besides, our developed strategy can also be used for screening the UDG inhibitors in a ratiometric fluorescence detection way.

2.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130264

RESUMO

A novel acidic polysaccharide, named as AWPA, was extracted form Annona squamosa residue by 0.1 M NaOH alkaline solution and purified by DEAE-cellulose and Sephadex G-150. HPLC analysis indicated that AWPA was a homogeneous polysaccharide with molecular weight of 3.08 × 103 kDa. The monosaccharide composition of AWPA, determined by ion chromatography, was consisted of L-arabinose, D-galactose, d-glucose, D-mannose, D-galacturonic acid in a percentage of 15.58:13.48:60.14:9.02:1.78, respectively. The results of FT-IR, methylation and NMR showed that the sugar residue of AWPA were mainly composed of α-L-Araf-(1→, →4)-α-D-Glcp-(1→, →4)-ß-D-Galp-(1→, →6)-ß-D-Glcp-(1→, →4,6)-ß-D-Galp(1→, →3,6)-α-D-Manp-(1→, respectively. The Congo red experiment on AWPA showed that there was helix conformation. The microstructure of AWPA was detected by scanning electron microscopy, showing that the shape of AWPA was reticular and its structure was irregular. AWPA had effectively α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and α-amylase inhibitory activity with IC50 of 0.667 mg/mL and 1.360 mg/mL, respectively. The inhibitory effects of AWPA on α-glucosidase and α-amylase were both reversible with mixed type and competitive type competition, respectively. The significance of manuscript was not only to avoid the waste of Annona squamosa residue, but provided alternative in the developments of inhibitors of α-glucosidase and α-amylase.

3.
Biosens Bioelectron ; : 112834, 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243697

RESUMO

Exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) are vital biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis monitoring of cancer. Yet, convenient and controllable detection of exosomal miRNA still remains challenges because of lacking of adequately simple and robust assay platforms. In this paper, it is first time to study the visible-light-induced oxidase mimic activity of 10-methyl-2-amino-acridone (MAA) being able to be switched by Cu2+ and DNA. Based on this phenomenon, a series of visual molecular logic gates are constructed, and a colorimetric strategy has been developed to achieve exosomal microRNA-21 (miR-21) detection with a signal amplification approach. The visible-light-induced oxidase mimic activity of MAA can be inhibited by Cu2+. In presence of target, a large amount of capture probes partly complementary with miR-21 are hydrolyzed with the assist of duplex-strand specific nuclease (DSN), releasing guanine-rich oligodeoxynucleotides that can chelate Cu2+, resulting in catalytic activity of MAA being recovered under irradiation. This strategy allows the detection of miR-21 with a light modulating temporal controllable manner, and the linear range is from 50 fM to 3000 fM with the limit of detection (LOD) being 44.76 fM. More importantly, the proposed method can achieve quantitative measurement of exosomal miR-21 that is derived from three-dimensional multicellular tumor spheroids with different size, which is able to monitor the growth of tumor spheroids. This work is potential to provide a feasible tool for application in exosomal miRNAs-based cancer diagnosis. Ultimately, MAA is expected to be a signal probe in biomedical field by virtue of its fascinating visible-light-induced oxidase mimic activity.

4.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17066, 2020 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051567

RESUMO

Human polyomaviruses (PyVs) and hepatitis viruses are often more prevalent or persistent in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons and the associated diseases are more abundant than in immunocompetent individuals. Here, we evaluated seroreactivities and viral loads of human PyVs and hepatitis viruses in HIV/AIDS patients and the general population in China in the combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) era. A total of 810 HIV-1-infected patients and age- and sex-matched HIV-negative individuals were enrolled to assess seroprevalence of PyVs BKPyV, JCPyV, MCPyV, TSPyV, and NJPyV and hepatitis viruses HBV, HCV, and HEV. 583 (72%) patients received cART, and among them, 31.2% had undetectable HIV RNA. While no significant difference was observed in prevalence of anti-PyV antibodies between HIV-positive and -negative groups, serum DNA positivity and DNA copy level of MCPyV were higher in the HIV-positive group. Among HIV-infected patients, BKPyV DNA positivity was significantly higher in patients with CD4 + cell counts < 200 cells/mm3 compared to those with CD4 + cell counts > 500 cells/mm3, suggesting possible reactivation caused by HIV-induced immune suppression. Higher HBV and HCV seropositivities but not HEV seropositivity were also observed in the HIV-positive group. Further correlation analyses demonstrated that HBV and HEV are potential risk factors for increased prevalence of PyV infection.

5.
J Mater Chem B ; 8(43): 9943-9950, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034314

RESUMO

The current trend of cancer therapy has changed from monotherapy to synergistic or combination therapies. Among the treatment strategies, photodynamic therapy (PDT) and starvation therapy are widely employed together. However, the therapeutic effect of these treatments could lead to strong resistance and poor prognosis due to tumor hypoxia. Therefore, a smart nanoplatform (MONs-GOx@MnO2-Ce6) has been constructed herein by the assembly of glucose oxidase (GOx)-coated mesoporous organosilica nanoparticles (MONs) and MnO2 nanosheets-chlorin e6 (Ce6), which form a nanosystem. Once MONs-GOx@MnO2-Ce6 enter tumor cells, it catalyzes the oxidation of glucose using oxygen (O2) and generates hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and gluconic acid, the former of which may accelerate the decomposition of MnO2 nanosheets. The released MnO2 nanosheets would regenerate O2 in the presence of H2O2. In this case, MnO2 nanosheets serve as (i) a nanocarrier and fluorescence quencher for the photosensitizer Ce6, (ii) a degradable material that is activated by the tumor microenvironment (TME) for fluorescence recovery, and (iii) an O2-producing carrier that reacts with H2O2 for relieving hypoxia in the tumor, which contributes to the combined starvation/photodynamic cancer therapy since these treatment strategies need O2. MONs-GOx@MnO2-Ce6 could not only realize cancer cell imaging, but also reduce intracellular glucose uptake and Glut1 expression, inhibiting the metabolism of cancer cells. This strategy shows great potential for clinical applications.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22919, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126353

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pain is the fifth vital sign of human beings. Morphine is the first choice for relieving moderate to severe cancer pain. Most of the previous studies merely focused on the analgesic effect of high-dose or ultra-high-dose morphine in patients with advanced cancers but did not report any cases related to successful morphine withdrawal. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 42-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital in March 2019. DIAGNOSIS: She was diagnosed with progressive aggravation of headache for 1 month, which was meningeal metastasis of lung cancer. INTERVENTIONS: Symptomatic treatments like dehydration, hormone, intrathecal injection chemotherapy and an increased dose of osimertinib to 160 mg/day were applied but showed poor curative effects. The patient refused whole-brain radiotherapy. Pain intensity level was re-evaluated and the patient scored 9 based on numerical rating scale, which suggested that the patient suffered from severer cancerous pain. Thus, the patient started to receive morphine for treating headache. OUTCOMES: The patient's headache was alleviated after receiving high-dose morphine treatment, and she continued to undergo anti-cancer treatment. After tumor remission, the patient's morphine dose gradually decreased and eventually stopped, without any withdrawal symptoms. In addition, the quality of life of the patient was greatly improved with performance status scored 2 and limb muscle strength increased from Grade 2 to Grade 5. LESSONS: For patients with advanced cancers, the application of ultra-high-dose morphine may significantly relieve cancerous pain, improve survival and quality of life, and overcome their fear for death and desperation, which contributes to the establishment of a basis for subsequent anticancer treatments. Thus, timely effective pain management and routine anticancer treatments are the key to addressing the cancer pain problem.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Dor do Câncer , Cefaleia , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/terapia , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Dor do Câncer/diagnóstico , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/tratamento farmacológico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Meníngeas/secundário , Neoplasias Meníngeas/terapia , Morfina/administração & dosagem , Medição da Dor , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001089

RESUMO

Correction for 'An ionic liquid-modified RGO/polyaniline composite for high-performance flexible all-solid-state supercapacitors' by Chang Dong et al., Chem. Commun., 2020, DOI: 10.1039/d0cc04691d.

8.
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek ; 113(11): 1689-1698, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32955707

RESUMO

A novel Gram-negative, aerobic, motile and short rod-shaped bacterium with exopolysaccharides production, designated as LZ-4T, was isolated from cultivable phycosphere microbiota of harmful algal blooms-causing marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella LZT09 which produces paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins. Strain LZ-4T was able to use thiosulfate (optimum concentration 10 mM) as energy source for bacterial growth. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain LZ-4T belonged to the genus Limnobacter, showing high 16S rRNA gene sequences similarities with L. thiooxidans DSM 13612T (99.4%), L. humi NBRC 11650T (98.2%) and L. litoralis NBRC 105857T (97.2%), respectively. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) and digital DNA-DNA hybridization (dDDH) values between LZ-4T and L. thiooxidans DSM 13612T were 78.9 and 21.9%, respectively. Both values were far lower than the thresholds (95-96% for ANI and 70% for dDDH) generally accepted for new species delineation. The respiratory quinone of strain LZ-4T was Q-8. The dominant cellular fatty acids were determined as summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c/ω7c), summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c/ω7c) and C16:0. Polar lipids profile consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminolipids and three unidentified polar lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain LZ-4T was 52.5 mol%. Based on polyphasic characterization, strain LZ-4T represents a novel species of the genus Limnobacter, for which the name Limnobacter alexandrii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LZ-4T (=CCTCC AB 2019004T =KCTC 72281T).

9.
Environ Res ; 191: 110234, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956657

RESUMO

The effect of temperature on cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality has been extensively studied. However, it remains largely unknown over whether there is any difference between urban and suburban areas within the same city and how urbanization modifies the relationship between temperature and CVD mortality. In order to examine whether the association between temperature and CVD mortality existed difference in urban and suburban areas, and how urbanization modified this association, we used a distributed lag nonlinear model and a generalized additive model to investigate temperature-related CVD mortality in urban and suburban areas in Beijing, China, from 2006 to 2011. The age, gender, and educational attainment of the population were stratified to explore the modifying effect. We observed that the impacts of heat and cold temperature on CVD mortality were higher in suburban areas than in urban areas. In addition, the elderly and illiterate subjects in suburban areas were more vulnerable to both heat and cold than their counterparts in urban areas. Moreover, higher urbanization levels were significantly associated with districts having lower the excess risks for temperature- CVD mortality. Our findings provide evidence that populations in suburban Beijing have higher risk of temperature-related CVD mortality than those in urban areas. Therefore, greater attention should be paid to vulnerable groups in suburban areas to reduce temperature-related health burden.

10.
Stem Cell Rev Rep ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935222

RESUMO

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have become important seed cells in therapy because of their immunosuppressive function and anti-inflammatory effects. MSCs exert immunosuppressive effects through direct contact or paracrine action. The paracrine functions of MSCs are at least partially mediated by exosomes, which are membrane vesicles, carrying abundant proteins, nucleic acids and other active molecules. MSC-exos have heterogeneity. The exosomes from different donors, tissues generations of MSCs carry different bioactive molecules. These cargos are transferred to recipient cells by endocytosis or binding to proteins on the receptor surface to mediate intercellular communication between different cell types and affect the functions of the recipient cells. Exosomes play an important role in the regulation of the immune system. Exosomes derived from MSCs (MSC-exos) carry immunomodulatory effectors or transmit active signal molecules to regulate the biological activities of immune cells and thus mediating immune suppression, especially on macrophages and T cells. Mitochondria and autophagy-related pathways are also associated with MSC-exos immunosuppressive effects. Graphical Abstract.

11.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 430, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the past several millenniums, we have domesticated several crop species that are crucial for human civilization, which is a symbol of significant human influence on plant evolution. A pressing question to address is if plant diversity will increase or decrease in this warming world since contradictory pieces of evidence exit of accelerating plant speciation and plant extinction in the Anthropocene. RESULTS: Comparison may be made of the Anthropocene with the past geological times characterised by a warming climate, e.g., the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) 55.8 million years ago (Mya)-a period of "crocodiles in the Arctic", during which plants saw accelerated speciation through autopolyploid speciation. Three accelerators of plant speciation were reasonably identified in the Anthropocene, including cities, polar regions and botanical gardens where new plant species might be accelerating formed through autopolyploid speciation and hybridization. CONCLUSIONS: However, this kind of positive effect of climate warming on new plant species formation would be thoroughly offset by direct and indirect intensive human exploitation and human disturbances that cause habitat loss, deforestation, land use change, climate change, and pollution, thus leading to higher extinction risk than speciation in the Anthropocene. At last, four research directions are proposed to deepen our understanding of how plant traits affect speciation and extinction, why we need to make good use of polar regions to study the mechanisms of dispersion and invasion, how to maximize the conservation of plant genetics, species, and diverse landscapes and ecosystems and a holistic perspective on plant speciation and extinction is needed to integrate spatiotemporally.

12.
Ital J Pediatr ; 46(1): 127, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pathological staging of chorioamnionitis (CA) on complications in preterm infants; METHODS: A single-center, retrospective study was conducted to choose singleton preterm infants (gestational age < 37 weeks) from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in our hospital from December 2016 to December 2017. The basic data and placental pathological results were retrospectively collected. According to the placental pathological results of whether inflammation infiltrating amnion, CA 0/I phase was classified into non-amnionitis group, CA II/III phase was classified into amnionitis group, the incidence of common complications in preterm infants was compared. Further, logistic regression was used to analyze the effects of amnionitis on complications after being adjusted to gestational age, birth weight and thrombocytopenia. RESULTS: A total of 221 preterm infants were enrolled, including 186 cases in non-amnionitis group and 35 cases in amnionitis group. The gestational age of amnionitis group (32.00 ± 2.71 weeks) was significantly lower than non-amnionitis group (34.14 ± 2.06 weeks), birth weight (1.93 ± 0.64 kg) was significantly lower than that of non-amnionitis group (2.26 ± 0.58 kg), and the hospital stay in amnionitis group was significantly longer (25.71 ± 19.23 days), all of the difference above was statistically significant(P < 0.05). The incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in amnionitis group (37.14%) was significantly higher than that in non-amnionitis group (13.98%) (P = 0.002), and the risk of IVH was significantly increased by amnionitis (OR = 3.636, 95%CI: 1.632-8.102); after correction of gestational age, birth weight and thrombocytopenia, the risk of IVH was still significantly increased (OR = 2.471, P = 0.046, 95% CI: 1.015-6.015). And the late-onset IVH was more common (P = 0.009). CONCLUSION: Amnionitis leads to a significant reduction in gestational age and birth weight in preterm infants, and it is an independent risk factor for IVH.

13.
Chemistry ; 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969553

RESUMO

Developing efficient catalysts for the conversion of CO 2 into fuels and value-added chemicals is of great significance to relieve the growing energy crisis and global warming. With the assistance of DFT calculations, it is interesting to find that, different from Al 12 X (X = Be, Al, and C), the alkali-metal-like superatom Al 12 P prefers to combine with CO 2 via a bidentate double oxygen coordination, yielding a stable Al 12 P( η 2 -O 2 C) complex containing an activated radical anion of CO 2 ( i.e. , CO 2 •- ). Thereby, this compound can not only participate in the subsequent cycloaddition reaction with propylene oxide, but also initiate the radical reaction with hydrogen gas to form high value chemicals, revealing that Al 12 P can play an important role in catalyzing these conversion reactions. Considering that Al 12 P has been produced in laboratory, and is capable of absorbing visible light to drive the activation and transformation of CO 2 , we optimistically anticipated that this work could guide the experimentalists to discover such an additional superatom catalyst for CO 2 transformation, and open up a new research field of superatom catalysis.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895797

RESUMO

Urbanization in China has dramatically increased from 39.10 in 2002 to 58.52% in 2017. Studies have discussed the impacts of urbanization and its corresponding changes in consumption patterns on carbon dioxide emissions; however, little is known about their impacts on black carbon (BC). Therefore, we collected data on the BC emissions of various sectors to calculate the consumption-based BC emissions in China, and we used an input-output analysis (IOA) and structural decomposition analysis (SDA) to explore the impacts of urbanization and changes in consumption patterns on BC emissions from 2002 to 2017, focusing on sectoral BC emissions. The total BC emissions of various sectors first increased and then decreased. BC emissions increased from 1083.47 in 2002 to 2550.83 Gg in 2012. They were then reduced to 2478.63 Gg in 2017. Additionally, with the rise in the urbanization rate, household consumption BC emissions increased from 446.18 in 2002 to 1080.12 Gg in 2017. Urban consumption, rural consumption, and BC emission intensity were the three main contributing factors to household consumption BC emission changes. Transport, storage, postal, and telecommunications services (TSP); farming, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishery (FFA); and residential and other industries (RES) contributed the most to the urbanization-related BC emission increase. In particular, the TSP sector contributed the most to the BC emission increase because of the increasing TSP needs related to urbanization. Therefore, it is necessary to formulate mitigation policies for the TSP sector.

15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32896850

RESUMO

An ionic liquid-modified reduced graphene oxide/polyaniline (RGO-IL/PANI) composite was synthesized successfully. The ionic liquid enlarged the interlayer distance of RGO sheets and acted as a PANI dopant to improve the orderly establishment of PANI. The supercapacitor based on RGO-IL/PANI presented outstanding energy density (24.1 W h kg-1 at 501 W kg-1), good cycling stability (91.5% capacity retention after 1000 cycles) and excellent flexibility. The results demonstrated the significant potential application of the obtained RGO-IL/PANI composite as a flexible electrode for high-performance energy storage devices.

16.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 2641-2648, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32801802

RESUMO

Background: Tuberculosis is a rare but life-threatening complication in patients who received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Early identification and intervention are essential to prevent severe complications. Case Presentation: We report two pediatric patients who developed tuberculosis after receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for thalassemia major among 330 recipients between January 2012 and August 2019. Patient A presented with pulmonary tuberculosis and patient B presented with lymph node tuberculosis mimicking post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorder associated with Epstein-Barr virus reactivation. Patient B's condition was deteriorated, and shortly after the initiation of anti-tuberculosis therapy, the patient was found to have disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis. Patient B was also found to have tuberculous granulomas, an uncommon manifestation of tuberculosis causing severe airway obstruction. Both patients developed critical respiratory failure and required mechanical ventilation; however, they recovered with almost full resolution of pulmonary lesions after multiple treatment adjustments. Conclusion: Tuberculosis must be carefully evaluated in all pediatric patients that receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, regardless of the identification of other pathogens. Prophylactic tuberculosis therapy should be considered for high-risk pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients from tuberculosis-endemic regions.

17.
Injury ; 51(11): 2617-2621, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807393

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation of the bone mineral density (BMD) of the hip and lumbar spine with the distal radius cortical thickness (DRCT) measured on anteroposterior radiographs and establish a method for predicting osteoporosis. METHODS: We assessed 147 patients aged ≥50 years with distal radius fractures who underwent wrist radiographs and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The DRCT was measured and calculated at two levels of the distal radius of the injured wrist on the radiographs. RESULTS: The intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of measures was excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient >0.85). In the Pearson correlation and simple linear regression analyses, the DRCT was positively correlated with hip BMD (r = 0.393, P < 0.01) and lumbar spine BMD (r = 0.529, P < 0.01). Each 1-mm increase in DRCT was associated with a 0.051-g/cm2 increase in hip BMD (R2 = 0.154, P < 0.01) and a 0.080-g/cm2 increase in lumbar spine BMD (R2 = 0.280, P < 0.01). A DRCT of 5.1 mm was selected as the cutoff point for predicting osteoporosis, with the highest Youden index of 0.560, 83.3% sensitivity, 72.7% specificity, and a 66.7% negative predictive value. CONCLUSION: Cortical thickness measurements obtained from anteroposterior wrist radiographs were positively correlated with hip and lumbar spine BMD measurements. This technique is suggested as a rapid, inexpensive, and sensitive method for predicting osteoporosis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic II.

18.
Br J Cancer ; 123(9): 1437-1444, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782293

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noninvasive plasma-based detection of EGFR mutations using digital PCR promises a fast, sensitive and reliable approach to predicting the efficiency of EGFR-TKI. However, the low throughput and high cost of digital PCR restricts its clinical application. METHODS: We designed a digital PCR assay, which can simultaneously detect 39 mutations of exons 18-21 of the EGFR gene. To assess overall performance, retrospective FFPE tissues from 30 NSCLC patients and plasma from 33 NSCLC patients were collected and analysed. RESULTS: The LoD of the EGFR mutations was as low as 0.308 copies/µL, and the linear correlation between the detected and expected values at different concentrations (0.01-10%) was low as well. Compared to ARMS-PCR in FFPE, the accuracy values of the dEGFR39 assay in plasma from 33 patients was 87.88% (29/33, 95% CI 72.67-95.18%). While monitoring the 33 patients, the EGFR mutation load as assessed by dEGFR39 was associated with the objective response to treatment. Thirteen samples from eight patients were identified by dEGFR39 to harbour the T790M mutation over time; of these patients, only nine (69%) were detected using SuperARMS. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that dEGFR39 assay is reliable, sensitive and cost-efficient. This method is beneficial for profiling EGFR mutations for precision therapy and prognosis after TKI treatment, especially in patients with insufficient tissue biopsy samples.

19.
Cancer Nurs ; 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy often experience psychological distress. The mind map-based life review program (MBLRP) offers the potential to reduce patients' negative emotions. However, its effects remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the effects of the MBLRP on anxiety and depressive symptoms in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial with repeated measures was adopted. Eighty-four cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were recruited from a general hospital in Fujian, China. Participants were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 40) or a control group (n = 44). The participants in the experimental group received the MBLRP plus routine care. The participants in the control group received routine care. Outcomes were measured at baseline, on the second day, and at 4 weeks after the MBLRP. RESULTS: In terms of anxiety, multivariate test statistics showed significant differences in within-group (F = 11.343, P < .001), between-group (F = 8.873, P = .004), and interaction effects (group × time) (F = 19.595, P < .001). For the depressive symptoms, the results showed that the within-group effect (F = 12.385, P < .001), group effect (F = 18.000, P < .001), and group × time effect (F = 26.544, P < .001) were statistically significant, favoring the MBLRP experimental group. CONCLUSIONS: The MBLRP has the potential to reduce anxiety and depressive symptoms in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Further research is needed within larger more representative samples. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The MBLRP is a nurse-led, nonpharmacological program that could be recommended for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and integrated into clinical practice.

20.
Anal Methods ; 12(30): 3797-3801, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716465

RESUMO

Cysteine oxidation by H2O2, generating either cysteine sulfenic acid (CSOH) or disulfide (CSSC), is involved in redox homeostasis and signaling. Compared with quantification of the cysteine content, monitoring the cysteine dynamics in real-time, in particular, takes on even greater importance. However, existing fluorescent probes suffer from low specificity or irreversible recognition mechanisms. In the present work, we have successfully developed a reversible fluorescent probe for the cycle between cysteine and H2O2 based on the Michael addition-elimination reaction. This probe features a specific and quantitative response to cysteine. The reversible detection was realized repeatedly with the addition of cysteine and H2O2 in order. We also demonstrated its usage for monitoring exogenous and endogenous cysteine in living cells. Eventually, this probe was capable of imaging cysteine dynamically in real-time.

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