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1.
Food Chem ; 371: 131137, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562777

RESUMO

The role of amino acids and α-dicarbonyls in the flavor formation of Amadori rearrangement product (ARP) during thermal processing was investigated. Comparisons of the volatile compounds and their concentrations when N-(1-deoxy-α-d-ribulos-1-yl)-glycine reacted with different amino acids or glyoxal (GO) at 100 °C were executed. Additional amino acids, such as glycine (Gly), in ARP models contributed to the diversity of furanoids by the chain elongation of the derived formaldehyde. Whereas the monoanion of additional glutamic acid acted as nucleophile, favored 2-ethyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazine and 2,5-dimethylpyrazine formation; the nonionized amino group of additional lysine were involved in α-dicarbonyls formation, causing pyrazine and methylpyrazine accumulation in the ARP model. Moreover, the high dosage and pH stabilization of additional GO probably promoted the ARP degradation and deoxyosones retro-aldol cleavage, resulting in methylpyrazine rather than furanoids formation. The present work provided the guidance for the controlled flavor formation of ARP in industrial application.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos , Glicina , Aromatizantes , Glioxal , Reação de Maillard
2.
Front Oncol ; 11: 753797, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745986

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate relationship of tumor stage-based gross tumor volume (GTV) of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) measured on computed tomography (CT) with early recurrence (ER) after esophagectomy. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and four consecutive patients with resectable ESCC including 159 patients enrolled in the training cohort (TC) and 45 patients in validation cohort (VC) underwent contrast-enhanced CT less than 2 weeks before esophagectomy. GTV was retrospectively measured by multiplying sums of all tumor areas by section thickness. For the TC, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine factors associated with ER. Mann-Whitney U test was conducted to compare GTV in patients with and without ER. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to determine if tumor stage-based GTV could predict ER. For the VC, unweighted Cohen's Kappa tests were used to evaluate the performances of the previous ROC predictive models. Results: ER occurred in 63 of 159 patients (39.6%) in the TC. According to the univariate analysis, histologic differentiation, cT stage, cN stage, and GTV were associated with ER after esophagectomy (all P-values < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that cT stage and GTV were independent risk factors with hazard ratios of 3.382 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.533-7.459] and 1.222 (95% CI: 1.125-1.327), respectively (all P-values < 0.05). Mann-Whitney U tests showed that GTV could help differentiate between ESCC with and without ER in stages cT1-4a, cT2, and cT3 (all P-values < 0.001), and the ROC analysis demonstrated the corresponding cutoffs of 13.31, 17.22, and 17.83 cm3 with areas under the curve of more than 0.8, respectively. In the VC, the Kappa tests validated that the ROC predictive models had good performances for differentiating between ESCC with and without ER in stages cT1-4a, cT2, and cT3 with Cohen k of 0.696 (95% CI, 0.498-0.894), 0.733 (95% CI, 0.386-1.080), and 0.862 (95% CI, 0.603-1.121), respectively. Conclusion: GTV and cT stage can be independent risk factors of ER in ESCC after esophagectomy, and tumor stage-based GTV measured on CT can help predict ER.

3.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: To investigate the prognostic value and relevant mechanisms of tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA). METHODS: We retrospectively included 962 patients from three cancer centers across China. The TLSs at different anatomic subregions were quantified and correlated with overall survival (OS) by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses. Multiplex immunohistochemistry (mIHC) was applied to characterize the composition of TLSs in 39 iCCA samples. RESULTS: A quaternary TLS scoring system was established for intra-tumor region (T score) and peri-tumor region (P score) respectively. T score positively correlated with favorable prognosis (P<0.001), whereas a high P score signified a worse survival (P<0.001). Then, mIHC demonstrated that both Tfh and Treg cells were significantly increased in intra-tumor TLSs than peri-tumor counterparts (P<0.05), and Treg cell frequencies within intra-tumor TLSs were positively associated with P score (P<0.05) rather than T score. Collectively, the combination of T and P scores stratified iCCAs into four Immune Classes with distinct prognosis (P<0.001) that differed in the abundance and distribution pattern of TLSs. Patients displayed an immune active pattern had the lowest risk, with 5-year OS rates of 68.8%, whereas only 3.4% of patients with immune excluded pattern survived at 5 years (P<0.001). The C-index of the Immune Class was statistically higher than the TNM staging system (0.73 vs 0.63, P<0.001). These results were validated in an internal and two external cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: The spatial distribution and abundance of TLSs significantly correlated with prognosis and provided a useful immune classification for iCCA. Tfh and Treg cells may play a critical role in determining the functional orientation of spatially different TLSs. LAY SUMMARY: Tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) have been attracting extensive attentions as they are associated with favorable prognosis through activating endogenous anti-tumor immune response. However, their role in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) remains elusive. Herein, we comprehensively evaluated the spatial distribution, abundance, and cellular composition of TLSs in iCCA, and revealed opposite prognostic impacts of TLSs located within or outside tumor region. The heterogeneous distribution of Tfh and Treg cells within the spatially different TLSs might be determinant of their functional state. Successfully, the integrated analysis of TLSs stratified iCCAs into four immune subclasses with distinct clinical outcomes.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807609

RESUMO

Compared to the method of aqueous Maillard reaction at atmospheric pressure tandem vacuum concentration, a coupling dehydration method combining spray drying and vacuum drying was used to increase aspartic acid-xylose conversion to the Amadori rearrangement product (ARP). The water activity and moisture states were found as effective indicators to characterize the degree of dehydration of Maillard reaction intermediates and efficient formation of ARP. During the vacuum drying process, the water activity of the product powder decreased significantly. Because the formation of ARP was accompanied by intramolecular dehydration, combining spray drying and vacuum drying increased the proportion of bound water in the vacuum-dried product. Free water was easily dissipated via dehydration, which then converted the immobilized water continuously to free water, and the decreased immobilized water further converted the bound water to immobilized water. The reduction in bound water contributed to the intramolecular dehydration of N-substituted d-xylosamine, which would further be transformed to be the ARP through an intramolecular rearrangement. The yield of ARP was increased from 1.68 to 21.53% after spray drying. The ARP yield was substantially increased up to 77.9% by subsequent vacuum drying.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22096, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764382

RESUMO

Autologous liver transplantation (ALT) to cure end-stage hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) requires that hepatobiliary surgeons understand the invasion of intrahepatic structure and adjacent tissues or organs. Triphase contrast-enhanced CT of the liver has been widely used for diagnosis and preoperative evaluation of HAE. Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction allows for accurate measurement of remnant liver volume (RLV). The objective of the study was to evaluate value of triphase contrast-enhanced CT together with 3D reconstruction in preoperative evaluation of indications for ALT in patients with end-stage HAE. This cohort include twenty-one consecutive patients with end-stage HAE, who preoperatively underwent triphase enhanced CT together with 3D reconstruction for ALT. To depict the indications, the 2D image data were reviewed statistically focusing on porta hepatis invasion, retrohepatic vena cava (RHVC) involvement and degrees of intrahepatic vessel invasion, and the 3D reconstruction was performed to obtain ratio of RLV to standard liver volume (SLV). The results showed that 95.24% patients (20/21) had porta hepatis invasion. When lesions located in right liver lobe, porta hepatis invasion occurred most commonly in the second and third porta hepatis (7/10), whereas the first, second and third porta hepatis were most commonly invaded by lesions in the right and caudate / left medial liver lobes (7/11) (P < 0.05). The mean value of longitudinal invasion of RHVC was 8.0 cm, and 95.2% (20/21) of patients had RHVC invasion with ≥ 180° circumferential invasion. As for the important vascular events, moderate and severe invasion occurred most commonly in the right hepatic vein, right branch of portal vein and RHVC each in 95.2% (20/21) patients (P < 0.05). We also found that preoperative CT had a good agreement with intraoperative findings in assessing intrahepatic vascular involvement by HAE (kappa index = 0.77). The estimated average ratio of RLV to SLV was 0.95 (range, 0.43-1.62). In conclusion, the 2D contrast-enhanced CT could well depict anatomic location and size of HAE, and invasion of porta hepatis and vascular by this disease, and involvement of other adjacent organs and tissues. Above all, 3D reconstruction could accurately measure RLV in patients with end-stage HAE for ALT.

6.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare drug-coated balloon (DCB) and bare metal stent (BMS) for primary lesions in femoropopliteal artery disease in Chinese population and to make subgroup analysis between the groups. METHODS: Patients with primary lesions who underwent BMS or DCB treatment of a single tertiary vascular center were included and followed up for 24 months. Clinical and anatomic status were reported using the criteria recommended by the Society for Vascular Surgery. The primary endpoint included primary patency, clinically target limb revascularization, composite safety endpoint and all-cause death over 24 months assessed by Kaplan-Meier. Secondary endpoints included technical success rate and stent-related complications. RESULTS: 284 patients with 324 limbs were pooled into analysis and most of the baseline characteristics did not show significant difference. 74 in BMS group and 71 in DCB group were claudicants while 83 in BMS group and 56 in DCB group suffered from chronic limb threatening ischemia (CLTI). The mean cumulative lesion length was 18.7±9.8cm in BMS group while 17.2±10.3cm in DCB group. Kaplan-Meier estimates of primary patency were 75.3% and 80.9% for BMS and DCB groups at 12 months while decreased to 63.9% and 70.2% at 24 months (log-rank p=0.167), respectively. Freedom from clinically driven target limb revascularization was 86.8% and 92.7% for BMS and DCB groups at 12 months while dropped to 82.5% and 85.9% at 24 months (log-rank p=0.342). Estimates of primary patency between BMS and DCB group did not show significant difference on lesions with poor runoff (58.8% versus 67.3%, log-rank p=0.127), severe calcification (64.5% versus 69.4%, log-rank p=0.525) and popliteal artery involvement (59.3% versus 60.3%, log-rank p=0.695) at 24 months. The overall survival (92.6% for BMS, 90.3% for DCB, log-rank p=0.391) and freedom from composite safety endpoint (79.3% for BMS, 79.2% for DCB, log-rank p=0.941) showed no significant difference at 24 months. CONCLUSIONS: Over the 24-month follow-up, BMS and DCB showed equivalent efficacy and safety outcomes for primary femoropopliteal artery disease, which indicated the reduction of permanent metallic implant insertion might be possible.

7.
Food Chem ; : 131501, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763932

RESUMO

Phytosterols have gained much attention due to their outstanding cholesterol-reducing effect, while the insolubility in water limits their application. The aim of this study was to synthesize a novel hydrophilic phytosteryl derivatives-phytosteryl succinyl sucrose esters (PSSEs) and investigated their water solubility and emulsifying properties. PSSEs were synthesized by esterifying phytosterol hemisuccinates with sucrose through a mild chemical reaction. PSSEs were characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The yield of PSSEs exceeded 84% in N,N-dimethylformamide for 36 h of reaction under the selected conditions: 100 mmol/L phytosteryl hemisuccinates, 150 mmol/L sucrose, 110 mmol/L 1-ethyl-3-(3-(dimethylamino)propyl)carbodiimide hydrochlide, 10 mmol/L 4-dimethylaminopyridine and 10 mmol/L p-toluenesulfonic acid. The water insolubility of phytosterols was overcome and the water solubility of PSSEs achieved 2.13 mg/mL. The emulsifying activity of PSSEs was 2.5 times that of phytosterols, reaching 0.95 mg/mL. PSSEs with better water solubility and emulsification properties could facilitate the widespread use of phytosterols in foods.

8.
Big Data ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726529

RESUMO

The analysis of large-scale multimodal data has become very popular recently. Image captioning, whose goal is to describe the content of image with natural language automatically, is an essential and challenging task in artificial intelligence. Commonly, most existing image caption methods utilize the mixture of Convolutional Neural Network and Recurrent Neural Network framework. These methods either pay attention to global representation at the image level or only focus on the specific concepts, such as regions and objects. To make the most of characteristics about a given image, in this study, we present a novel model named Multilevel Attention Networks and Policy Reinforcement Learning for image caption generation. Specifically, our model is composed of a multilevel attention network module and a policy reinforcement learning module. In the multilevel attention network, the object-attention network aims to capture global and local details about objects, whereas the region-attention network obtains global and local features about regions. After that, a policy reinforcement learning algorithm is adopted to overcome the exposure bias problem in the training phase and solve the loss-evaluation mismatching problem at the caption generation stage. With the attention network and policy algorithm, our model can automatically generate accurate and natural sentences for any particular image. We carry out extensive experiments on the MSCOCO and Flickr30k data sets, demonstrating that our model is superior to other competitive methods.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769717

RESUMO

Background: This study determined the knowledge and attitudes regarding COVID-19 and assessed the acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine among the Chinese population. Methods: An online and offline cross-sectional study was conducted from 1 to 18 June 2021 among the Chinese population. Demographic characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, values, impact, and autonomy regarding the COVID-19 vaccine were collected using questionnaire. The variables in our study were analyzed by Mann-Whitney test and chi-square test. Results: A total of 93.8% participants were willing to be vaccinated, 2.7% refused, and 3.5% hesitated. In regards to knowledge about the COVID-19 vaccine, 94.3% citizens surveyed knew about the spread of droplets and 65% had knowledge about surfaces touched by an infected person. In addition, 93.8% of participants had knowledge of the common symptoms related to COVID-19, such as fever and cough (93.8%), shortness of breath/anorexia/fatigue/nausea/vomiting/diarrhea (80.2%), and panic and chest tightness (69.4%). Most participants had a strong self-prevention awareness, such as washing hands regularly (92.1%) and wearing a facemask (94.1%). Besides, over ninety percent of respondents would report exposure to SARS-CoV-2 (96.6%) and exposure to symptoms possibility related to COVID-19 (92.9%). If necessary, most respondents would agree to isolate at home (93.5%) or an isolation in hospital (96.3%). Knowledge of COVID-19, including transmission, symptoms, protective measures, and vaccines itself, is associated with vaccination attitude. Values, perceived impacts, knowledge, and autonomy, assessed by the scale of DrVac-COVID19S, have also been revealed as important determinants to vaccine acceptance. Conclusions: Almost 93% of Chinese people surveyed in this study showed a willing attitude toward COVID-19 vaccination. Based on the above results, government and social workers can take measures from these perspectives to improve the vaccination attitude, so as to increase vaccine immunization rates.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Exp Dermatol ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758173

RESUMO

Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE; OMIM 264800) is a rare heritable multisystem disorder, characterized by ectopic mineralization affecting elastic fibres in the skin, eyes and the cardiovascular system. Skin findings often lead to early diagnosis of PXE, but currently, no specific treatment exists to counteract the progression of symptoms. PXE belongs to a group of Mendelian calcification disorders linked to pyrophosphate metabolism, which also includes generalized arterial calcification of infancy (GACI) and arterial calcification due to CD73 deficiency (ACDC). Inactivating mutations in ABCC6, ENPP1 and NT5E are the genetic cause of these diseases, respectively, and all of them result in reduced inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi ) concentration in the circulation. Although PPi is a strong inhibitor of ectopic calcification, oral supplementation therapy was initially not considered because of its low bioavailability. Our earlier work however demonstrated that orally administered pyrophosphate inhibits ectopic calcification in the animal models of PXE and GACI, and that orally given Na4 P2 O7 is absorbed in humans. Here, we report that gelatin-encapsulated Na2 H2 P2 O7  has similar absorption properties in healthy volunteers and people affected by PXE. The sodium-free K2 H2 P2 O7 form resulted in similar uptake in healthy volunteers and inhibited calcification in Abcc6-/- mice as effectively as its sodium counterpart. Novel pyrophosphate compounds showing higher bioavailability in mice were also identified. Our results provide an important step towards testing oral PPi in clinical trials in PXE, or potentially any condition accompanied by ectopic calcification including diabetes, chronic kidney disease or ageing.

11.
Plant Physiol ; 187(1): 361-377, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618136

RESUMO

Photoperiod strictly controls vegetative and reproductive growth stages in soybean (Glycine max). A soybean GmRAV (Related to ABI3/VP1) transcription factor containing both AP2 and B3 domains was shown to be a key component of this process. We identified six polymorphisms in the GmRAV promoter that showed significant association with flowering time and maturity of soybean in one or multiple environments. Soybean varieties with minor polymorphism exhibited a longer growth period contributing to soybean adaptation to lower latitudes. The cis-acting element GT1CONSENSUS motif of the GmRAV promoter controlled the growth period, and the major allele in this motif shortened duration of late reproductive stages by reducing GmRAV expression levels. Three GmRAV-overexpressing (GmRAV-ox) transgenic lines displayed later flowering time and maturity, shorter height and fewer numbers of leaves compared with control plants, whereas transgenic inhibition of GmRAV expression resulted in earlier flowering time and maturity and increased plant height. Combining DNA affinity purification sequencing and RNA sequencing analyses revealed 154 putative target genes directly bound and transcriptionally regulated by GmRAV. Two GmRAV binding motifs [C(A/G)AACAA(G/T)A(C/T)A(G/T)] and [C(T/A)A(C)C(T/G)CTG] were identified, and acting downstream of E3E4, GmRAV repressed GmFT5a transcriptional activity through binding a CAACA motif, thereby delaying soybean growth and extending both vegetative and reproductive phases.

12.
Front Oncol ; 11: 698373, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616673

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most common cancer in the world and the third leading cause of cancer-related death. Although the diagnostic scheme of HCC is currently undergoing refinement, the prognosis of HCC is still not satisfactory. In addition to certain factors, such as tumor size and number and vascular invasion displayed on traditional imaging, some histopathological features and gene expression parameters are also important for the prognosis of HCC patients. However, most parameters are based on postoperative pathological examinations, which cannot help with preoperative decision-making. As a new field, radiomics extracts high-throughput imaging data from different types of images to build models and predict clinical outcomes noninvasively before surgery, rendering it a powerful aid for making personalized treatment decisions preoperatively. Objective: This study reviewed the workflow of radiomics and the research progress on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) radiomics in the diagnosis and treatment of HCC. Methods: A literature review was conducted by searching PubMed for search of relevant peer-reviewed articles published from May 2017 to June 2021.The search keywords included HCC, MRI, radiomics, deep learning, artificial intelligence, machine learning, neural network, texture analysis, diagnosis, histopathology, microvascular invasion, surgical resection, radiofrequency, recurrence, relapse, transarterial chemoembolization, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, therapeutic response, and prognosis. Results: Radiomics features on MRI can be used as biomarkers to determine the differential diagnosis, histological grade, microvascular invasion status, gene expression status, local and systemic therapeutic responses, and prognosis of HCC patients. Conclusion: Radiomics is a promising new imaging method. MRI radiomics has high application value in the diagnosis and treatment of HCC.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(34): 18770-18776, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612415

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2-D) materials, especially carbon allotropes, have larger storage capacity and faster diffusion rate due to their unique structures and are usually used in ion batteries. Recently, a new stable two-dimensional carbon allotrope, namely PAI-graphene, was reported by first-principles calculations. Due to its lightweight and multiple-ring structure, great stability and excellent properties, here, we theoretically reveal the excellent performance of PAI-graphene as an anode material for Li-/Na-ion batteries. Our results show that PAI-graphene has intrinsic metallicity before and after adsorption of Li/Na, which ensures that it has good conductivity when working as an electrode material. In addition, PAI-graphene exhibits quite low open circuit voltage (0.342-0.190 V for Li, 0.339-0.233 V for Na) and diffusion barrier (0.34 eV for Li, 0.17 eV for Na), which indicates its superiority as an anode material. Most noteworthily, the Na storage capacity of PAI-graphene is up to 1674 mA h g-1, which is much higher than that of most 2-D anode materials. Thus, we believe that PAI-graphene can be an outstanding anode material with outstanding performance.

14.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(40): 16641-16652, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606264

RESUMO

Enzymatic microarchitectures with spatially controlled reactivity, engineered molecular sieving ability, favorable interior environment, and industrial productivity show great potential in synthetic protocellular systems and practical biotechnology, but their construction remains a significant challenge. Here, we proposed a Pickering emulsion interface-directed synthesis method to fabricate such a microreactor, in which a robust and defect-free MOF layer was grown around silica emulsifier stabilized droplet surfaces. The compartmentalized interior droplets can provide a biomimetic microenvironment to host free enzymes, while the outer MOF layer secludes active species from the surroundings and endows the microreactor with size-selective permeability. Impressively, the thus-designed enzymatic microreactor exhibited excellent size selectivity and long-term stability, as demonstrated by a 1000 h continuous-flow reaction, while affording completely equal enantioselectivities to the free enzyme counterpart. Moreover, the catalytic efficiency of such enzymatic microreactors was conveniently regulated through engineering of the type or thickness of the outer MOF layer or interior environments for the enzymes, highlighting their superior customized specialties. This study provides new opportunities in designing MOF-based artificial cellular microreactors for practical applications.

15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638672

RESUMO

Flowering is an important developmental process from vegetative to reproductive growth in plant; thus, it is necessary to analyze the genes involved in the regulation of flowering time. The MADS-box transcription factor family exists widely in plants and plays an important role in the regulation of flowering time. However, the molecular mechanism of GmFULc involved in the regulation of plant flowering is not very clear. In this study, GmFULc protein had a typical MADS domain and it was a member of MADS-box transcription factor family. The expression analysis revealed that GmFULc was induced by short days (SD) and regulated by the circadian clock. Compared to wild type (WT), overexpression of GmFULc in transgenic Arabidopsis caused significantly earlier flowering time, while ful mutants flowered later, and overexpression of GmFULc rescued the late-flowering phenotype of ful mutants. ChIP-seq of GmFULc binding sites identified potential direct targets, including TOPLESS (TPL), and it inhibited the transcriptional activity of TPL. In addition, the transcription levels of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS1 (SOC1) and LEAFY (LFY) in the downstream of TPL were increased in GmFULc- overexpressionArabidopsis, suggesting that the early flowering phenotype was associated with up-regulation of these genes. Our results suggested that GmFULc inhibited the transcriptional activity of TPL and induced expression of FT, SOC1 and LFY to promote flowering.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Soja/genética , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Flores/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Fotoperíodo , Folhas de Planta/genética , Reprodução/genética
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640677

RESUMO

To solve the problem of heavy workload and high cost when acquiring the position of Ultra-Wideband (UWB) mobile base stations in sports fields, a fast self-positioning algorithm for UWB mobile base stations algorithm based on Time of Flight (TOF) is proposed. First, according to the layout of the base stations in the sports field, the local coordinate system is determined, and an equation based on the ranging information between the base stations is established; the Least Square method is used to calculate the coordinates of each base station, and the Newton Iteration method is used to converge the positioning results. Then the origin and propagation law of positioning error, as well as the method of reducing the positioning error are analyzed. The simulation data and experimental results show that the average positioning accuracy of the mobile base station is within 0.05 m, which meets the expected accuracy of the base station position measurement. Compared with traditional manual measurement methods, base station self-positioning can effectively save deployment time and reduce workload.

17.
Metab Brain Dis ; 36(8): 2329-2341, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665375

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most common chronic diseases among the elderly people. The T2DM increases the risk of cardio-cerebrovascular disease (CCD), and the main pathological change of the CCD is atherosclerosis (AS). Meanwhile, the carbonic anhydrases (CAs) are involved in the formation and progression of plaques in AS. However, the exact physiological mechanism of carbonic anhydrase III (CAIII) has not been clear yet, and there are also no correlation study between CAIII protein and T2DM with CCD. The 8-week old diabetic mice (db/db-/- mice) and wild-type mice (wt mice) were feed by a normal diet till 32 weeks, and detected the carotid artery vascular opening angle using the method of biomechanics; The changes of cerebral cortex and myocardium were watched by the ultrastructure, and the autophagy were observed by electron microscope; The tissue structure, inflammation and cell injury were observed by Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining; The apoptosis of cells were observed by TUNEL staining; The protein levels of CAIII, IL-17, p53 were detected by immunohistochemical and Western Blot, and the Beclin-1, LC3, NF-κB were detected by Western Blot. All statistical analysis is performed using PRISM software. Compared with wt mice, db/db-/- mice' carotid artery open angle increased significantly. Electron microscope results indicated that autophagy in db/db-/- mice cerebral cortex and heart tissue decreased and intracellular organelle ultrastructure were damaged. HE staining indicated that, db/db-/- mice' cerebral cortex and heart tissue stained lighter, inflammatory cells infiltration, cell edema were obvious, myocardial fibers were disorder, and myocardial cells showed different degrees of degeneration. Compared with wt mice, TUNEL staining showed that there was obviously increase in db/db-/- mice cortex and heart tissue cell apoptosis. The results of immunohistochemistry and Western Blot indicated that CAIII, Beclin-1 and LC3II/I expression levels conspicuously decreased in cortex and heart tissue of db/db-/- mice, and the expression level of IL-17, NF-κB and p53 obviously increased. The carotid artery' vascular stiffness was increased and which was probably related with formation of AS in diabetic mice. And the autophagy participated in the occurrence and development of diabetic CCD. CAIII protein might somehow be involved in the regulation of autophagy probably through affecting cell apoptosis and inflammation, but the underlying mechanism remains to be further studied.

18.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6058, 2021 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34663816

RESUMO

The tumor ecosystem of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is poorly characterized. Using single-cell RNA sequencing, we profile transcriptomes of 158,577 cells from 11 patients' paratumors, localized/advanced tumors, initially-treated/recurrent lymph nodes and radioactive iodine (RAI)-refractory distant metastases, covering comprehensive clinical courses of PTC. Our data identifies a "cancer-primed" premalignant thyrocyte population with normal morphology but altered transcriptomes. Along the developmental trajectory, we also discover three phenotypes of malignant thyrocytes (follicular-like, partial-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-like, dedifferentiation-like), whose composition shapes bulk molecular subtypes, tumor characteristics and RAI responses. Furthermore, we uncover a distinct BRAF-like-B subtype with predominant dedifferentiation-like thyrocytes, enriched cancer-associated fibroblasts, worse prognosis and promising prospect of immunotherapy. Moreover, potential vascular-immune crosstalk in PTC provides theoretical basis for combined anti-angiogenic and immunotherapy. Together, our findings provide insight into the PTC ecosystem that suggests potential prognostic and therapeutic implications.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/genética , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Adolescente , Carcinoma/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo , Linfonodos/metabolismo , Masculino , Análise de Célula Única , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/patologia , Células Epiteliais da Tireoide/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia
19.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 595, 2021 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34696723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies on the relationship between cognitive impairment and adverse outcomes among geriatric inpatients are not representative of older inpatients in China because of insufficient sample sizes or single-center study designs. The purpose of our study was to examine the prevalence of cognitive impairment and the relationship between cognitive impairment and 1-year adverse health outcomes in older inpatients. METHODS: This study was a large-scale multi-center cohort study conducted from October 2018 to February 2020. Six tertiary hospitals across China were selected using a two-stage cluster sampling method, and eligible older inpatients were selected for the baseline survey and follow-up. The Mini Cognitive Scale and the FRAIL scale were used to screen for cognitive impairment and frailty, respectively. The EuroQol-5 Dimension-5 Level questionnaire was used to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We used a generalized estimating model to evaluate the relationship between cognitive impairment and adverse outcomes. RESULTS: The study included 5008 men (58.02%) and 3623 women (41.98%), and 70.64% were aged 65-75 years, and 26.27% were aged 75-85 years. Cognitive impairment was observed in 1756 patients (20.35%). There were significant differences between participants with cognitive impairment and those with normal cognitive function for age, gender, surgery status, frailty, depression, handgrip strength and so on. After adjusting for multiple covariates, compared with patients with normal cognitive function, the odds ratio for 1-year mortality was 1.216 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.076-1.375) and for 1-year incidence of frailty was 1.195 (95% CI: 1.037-1.376) in patients with cognitive impairment. Similarly, the regression coefficient of 1-year HRQoL was - 0.013 (95% CI: - 0.024-- 0.002). In the stratified analysis, risk of adverse outcome within 1 year was higher in older patients with cognitive impairment aged over 75 years than those aged 65-74 years. CONCLUSIONS: We revealed that cognitive impairment was highly correlated with occurrence of 1-year adverse health outcomes (death, frailty, and decreased HRQoL) in older inpatients, which provides a basis for formulating effective intervention measures. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800017682 , registered 09 August 2018.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Pacientes Internados , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Idoso Fragilizado , Avaliação Geriátrica , Força da Mão , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida
20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(85): 11233-11235, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633005

RESUMO

An SPA-triazolium bromide-catalyzed transannular C-acylation of enol lactones is presented. This methodology provides convenient access to a range of enantioenriched spirocyclic 1,3-diketones in moderate to high yields and enantioselectivities and features a broad substrate scope in terms of enol lactones. The catalytic capability of this triazolium salt catalyst is also demonstrated in this enantioselective transformation, which could inspire its further application.

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