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1.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 176: 298-311, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610362

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction promotes the alveolar bone loss during the development of periodontitis. Mitochondria are the principal source of ROS. Hydroxytyrosol (HT), a natural phenolic compound present in olive oil, is well known for its antioxidant and mitochondrial-protective prosperities. Nonetheless, the impact of HT on periodontitis and its related mechanisms underlying bone cell behavior remains unknown. Osteoclasts differentiated from RAW264.7 model and oxidative stress (OS) induced pre-osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cell injury model were treated with and without HT. Cell viability, apoptosis, differentiation, mitochondrial function along with mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway were investigated. Meanwhile, the effect and related mechanisms of HT on bone loss in mice with periodontitis were also detected. HT inhibited osteoclast differentiation and prevented OS induced pre-osteoblast cells injury via regulating mitochondrial function as well as ERK and JNK signaling pathways. Moreover, HT attenuated the alveolar bone loss, increased bone forming activity, inhibited the osteoclasts differentiation and decreased the level of OS in mice with periodontitis. Our findings, for the first time, revealed a novel function of HT in bone remodeling of periodontitis, and highlighted its therapeutical potential for the prevention/treatment of periodontitis.

2.
J Dermatol ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634142

RESUMO

Senile pruritus (SP) is a common skin disease in the elderly. The role of skin dysbacteriosis in the development of various skin diseases has been studied in recent years. However, the research about the skin microbiota of senile pruritus patients is lacking at present. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the differences of skin microbiota in senile pruritus patients and their relationship with the epidermal barrier. Thirty patients with senile pruritus and 30 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The skin barrier indexes were recorded by multi-functional skin tester. The skin bacterial diversity was analyzed by using hyper-variable tag sequencing of the V3-V4 region of the 16S rDNA. Compared with the healthy control group, the patients had significantly lower skin hydration (p = 0.014) and higher pH value (p = 0.021). Skin microbial diversity was significantly increased in patients according to the alpha diversity. At the genus level, Acinetobacter (p = 0.002) and Lactobacillus (p = 0.002) increased and Cutibacterium (p = 0.043) decreased. The pH value was positively associated with observed_species diversity (p = 0.026). The transdermal water loss was negatively related to the genus of Lactobacillus (p = 0.036), while the skin hydration was positively associated with the genus of Lactobacillus (p = 0.038). As a result, the damaged skin barrier function and skin dysbacteriosis complemented each other and may be associated with the occurrence of senile pruritus, but their role still needs further study.

3.
Adipocyte ; 10(1): 483-492, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693860

RESUMO

Intramuscular fat, as one of the most important palatability attribute of beef carcase, is the primary determinant of beef quality. The research of adipogenesis mechanism would provide new insight into intramuscular fatty deposition. Here, the role of microRNA-378 was investigated during bovine adipogenic differentiation. It was revealed that miR-378 expression exists variably in bovine major tissue and organs by RT-qPCR. It was predicted that miR-378 targets CaMKK2, as an AMPKα kinase, by DIANA Tools. For better research, primary preadipocytes with stable transfection for up-/down-regulated expression of miR-378 were constructed by lentiviral vectors with GFP gene. The analyses of qPCR showed that PPARγ and adiponectin mRNA levels increased, but C/EBPß, pref-1 and CaMKK2 mRNA levels decreased during adipogenic differentiation. When miR-378 was overexpressed, preadipocytes proliferation became slower, there are more cellular lipid droplets, and PPARγ and C/EBPß mRNA levels were higher, but pref-1, adiponectin and CaMKK2 were lower than control groups. Luciferase assay and western blot analysis validated that miR-378 binds the nucleotide sites of the 3'- untranslated region of CaMKK2, which inhibits the mRNA and protein expression of CaMKK2. These findings suggest that miR-378 promotes adipogenic differentiation in bovine intramuscular preadipocytes by targeting CaMKK2 via AMPK signalling pathway.

4.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2021: 9963258, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484820

RESUMO

Background: Atherosclerosis is a chronic process that takes place in the vascular wall and causes various cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Micro-RNA-149 (miR-149) mediates many physiological and pathological processes, including atherosclerosis. However, it is unclear about the roles of miR-149 in endothelial injury. Here, we explored the protective effect and related mechanism of miR-149 in endothelial cells induced with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Methods: Human endothelial cell lines (HUVECs) were exposed to ox-LDL to induce endothelial injury. Cell viability was determined by the CCK-8 assay. Autophagy was detected by immunofluorescence. RT-qPCR and western blot were carried out to determine the mRNA and protein expressions of Akt and mTOR. Results: The miR-149 level in HUVECs was reduced by ox-LDL (100 µg/mL) incubation in a time-dependent manner. miR-149-mimic transfection markedly protected HUVECs from ox-LDL-induced injury, with increased cell viability and reduced caspase-3 activity. miR-149 mimics enhanced HUVEC autophagy, which was induced initially by ox-LDL. miR-149 mimics also markedly downregulated the expression of Akt, p-Akt, mTOR, and p-mTOR in ox-LDL-treated HUVECs. The miR-149-induced protection against HUVECs injury could be reversed by cotreatment with 3-methyladenine (3-MA, an autophagy inhibitor) or insulin (an activator of Akt/mTOR pathway). Conclusions: miR-149 prevents ox-LDL-induced endothelial cell injury by enhancing autophagy via increasing Akt and mTOR expressions.

5.
Burns Trauma ; 9: tkab008, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514005

RESUMO

Background: Epidermal stem cells (EpSCs) that reside in cutaneous hair follicles and the basal layer of the epidermis are indispensable for wound healing and skin homeostasis. Little is known about the effects of photochemical activation on EpSC differentiation, proliferation and migration during wound healing. The present study aimed to determine the effects of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on wound healing in vivo and in vitro. Methods: We created mouse full-thickness skin resection models and applied 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) for PDT to the wound beds. Wound healing was analysed by gross evaluation and haematoxylin-eosin staining in vivo. In cultured EpSCs, protein expression was measured using flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Cell migration was examined using a scratch model; apoptosis and differentiation were measured using flow cytometry. Results: PDT accelerated wound closure by enhancing EpSC differentiation, proliferation and migration, thereby promoting re-epithelialization and angiogenesis. PDT inhibited inflammatory infiltration and expression of proinflammatory cytokines, whereas the secretion of growth factors was greater than in other groups. The proportion of transient amplifying cells was significantly greater in vivo and in vitro in the PDT groups. EpSC migration was markedly enhanced after ALA-induced PDT. Conclusions: Topical ALA-induced PDT stimulates wound healing by enhancing re-epithelialization, promoting angiogenesis as well as modulating skin homeostasis. This work provides a preliminary theoretical foundation for the clinical administration of topical ALA-induced PDT in skin wound healing.

6.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 733385, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512612

RESUMO

Although classic swine fever virus (CSFV) infection has been reported to induce autophagy, the specific induced mechanism remains unrevealed. Nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) of CSFV is a multiphosphorylated protein with multiple functions to regulate viral replication and the host cell immune responses. Herein, we demonstrated that CSFV NS5A could induce cellular autophagy and promote viral replication. In the current study, we showed that NS5A expression significantly increased the levels of autophagy-related genes (ATGs), including light chain 3 (LC3), ATG5, and Beclin 1; conversely, degradation of P62/sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1) was observed by Western blotting. The number of autophagy-like vesicles was also obviously increased in NS5A-expressing cells, as analyzed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Furthermore, we observed the co-localization of the NS5A and LC3 proteins by confocal immunofluorescence analysis. Direct binding of NS5A to the autophagy-related LC3 protein was confirmed by coimmunoprecipitation in vivo and by a GST pulldown assay in vitro. Through segmentation and point mutation research on the NS5A protein, we found that the N-terminal region and the phosphorylation of amino acids 81 and 92 of the NS5A protein were essential for inducing autophagy. Finally, we demonstrated that the LC3 protein had a positive effect on CSFV replication. These findings emphasize a previously unascertained interaction relationship between NS5A and LC3 in the autophagy process. Furthermore, our research revealed a new role of CSFV NS5A, particularly its N-terminal amino acids serine 81 and serine 92, as a critical regulator of CSFV-induced autophagy and have significance for extending our understanding of the CSFV-autophagy interplay.

7.
Anal Chem ; 93(34): 11686-11691, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461728

RESUMO

Single-nanoparticle-level sensing allows us to measure individual molecular interactions and probe environmental stimuli at nanometer-scale resolution. Despite these premises, limited success has been met hitherto due to the demanding challenge to distinguish a dimmed signal from a noisy background. Here, we describe an approach for high-sensitivity single-nanoparticle-level sensing of divalent copper (Cu2+) ions through near-infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence against a near-null background. This nanosensor utilizes ytterbium- (Yb3+) and erbium (Er3+)-doped sodium yttrium fluoride (NaYF4) upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) (maximal emission at 540 nm when excited at 980 nm) as an energy donor, of which the surface attaches Cu2+-dependent DNAzymes labeled with BHQ1 dye (Black Hole Quencher 1, maximal absorption at 548 nm) as energy acceptors. Adding a hint amount of Cu2+ ions resulted in the cleavage of a BHQ1-containing moiety in DNAzymes, thus turning on upconversion luminescence for sensitive detection. Indeed, this approach allows us to perform single-nanoparticle-level detection of Cu2+ ions with extraordinary signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs, >277) for all measured concentrations that cover 3 orders of magnitude (from sub-nM to µM). Importantly, a limit of detection of 220 pM was achieved, about sevenfold lower than the one at the ensemble level. Moreover, a stochastic particle-to-particle sensing behavior was also identified, featuring single-nanoparticle-level detection. This work untaps the usage of UCNPs for high-sensitivity single-nanoparticle-level biosensing.


Assuntos
Cobre , Nanopartículas , Érbio , Fluoretos , Itérbio , Ítrio
8.
Viruses ; 13(8)2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452473

RESUMO

H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV) has become endemic in many countries, causing great economic losses when co-infected with other pathogens. So far, several live vaccines based on Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vectors expressing influenza hemagglutinin (HA) have been developed. However, the thermostable recombinant NDV is rarely reported. In this study, using a thermostable NDV rAHR09 strain as the vector, three recombinant NDVs expressing native HA, chimeric HA ectodomain with transmembrane domain/C-terminal cytoplasmic tail domain from fusion protein of NDV, and HA ectodomain were generated, designated rAHR09-HA, rAHR09-HAF, and rAHR09-HAE. The MDT value of three recombinant NDVs was above 120 h, their ICPI value was about 0.03, and the recombinant NDVs were still infectious when treated for 100 min under 56 °C, which demonstrated that the recombinant NDVs kept the lentogenic and thermostable nature of rAHR09. The immunization data showed that rAHR09-HA and rAHR09-HAF induced a higher HI antibody titer against H9N2 AIV and NDV. After being challenged with H9N2 AIV, the rAHR09-HA and rAHR09-HAF could significantly reduce the virus shedding in cloacal and tracheal swab samples. Our results suggest that rAHR09-HA and rAHR09-HAF might be vaccine candidates against H9N2 AIV.

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4849, 2021 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381032

RESUMO

Although various artificial protein nanoarchitectures have been constructed, controlling the transformation between different protein assemblies has largely been unexplored. Here, we describe an approach to realize the self-assembly transformation of dimeric building blocks by adjusting their geometric arrangement. Thermotoga maritima ferritin (TmFtn) naturally occurs as a dimer; twelve of these dimers interact with each other in a head-to-side manner to generate 24-meric hollow protein nanocage in the presence of Ca2+ or PEG. By tuning two contiguous dimeric proteins to interact in a fully or partially side-by-side fashion through protein interface redesign, we can render the self-assembly transformation of such dimeric building blocks from the protein nanocage to filament, nanorod and nanoribbon in response to multiple external stimuli. We show similar dimeric protein building blocks can generate three kinds of protein materials in a manner that highly resembles natural pentamer building blocks from viral capsids that form different protein assemblies.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas/química , Proteínas/química , Cálcio/química , Ferritinas/química , Nanoestruturas/ultraestrutura , Nanotecnologia , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Multimerização Proteica , Thermotoga maritima
10.
Burns Trauma ; 9: tkab004, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212057

RESUMO

Background: Delayed wound healing remains a common but challenging problem in patients with acute or chronic wound following accidental scald burn injury. However, the systematic and detailed evaluation of the scald burn injury, including second-degree deep scald (SDDS) and third-degree scald (TDS), is still unclear. The present study aims to analyze the wound-healing speed, the formation of granulation tissue, and the healing quality after cutaneous damage. Methods: In order to assess SDDS and TDS, the models of SDDS and TDS were established using a scald instrument in C57BL/6 mice. Furthermore, an excisional wound was administered on the dorsal surface in mice (Cut group). The wound-healing rate was first analyzed at days 0, 3, 5, 7, 15 and 27, with the Cut group as a control. Then, on the full-thickness wounds, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining, Masson staining, Sirius red staining, Victoria blue staining and immunohistochemistry were performed to examine re-epithelialization, the formation of granulation tissue, vascularization, inflammatory infiltration and the healing quality at different time points in the Cut, SDDS and TDS groups. Results: The presented data revealed that the wound-healing rate was higher in the Cut group, when compared with the SDDS and TDS groups. H&E staining showed that re-epithelialization, formation of granulation tissue and inflammatory infiltration were greater in the Cut group, when compared with the SDDS and TDS groups. Immunohistochemistry revealed that the number of CD31, vascular endothelial growth factor A, transforming growth factor-ß and α-smooth muscle actin reached preferential peak in the Cut group, when compared with other groups. In addition, Masson staining, Sirius red staining, Victoria blue staining, Gordon-Sweets staining and stress analysis indicated that the ratio of collagen I to III, reticular fibers, failure stress, Young's modulus and failure length in the SDDS group were similar to those in the normal group, suggesting that healing quality was better in the SDDS group, when compared with the Cut and TDS groups. Conclusion: Overall, the investigators first administered a comprehensive analysis in the Cut, SDDS and TDS groups through in vivo experiments, which further proved that the obstacle of the formation of granulation tissue leads to delayed wound healing after scald burn injury in mice.

11.
Open Life Sci ; 16(1): 728-736, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34316513

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma is the most common type of primary malignant tumor of the bone, with a high metastatic rate and poor prognosis. Therefore, it is important to further elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of osteosarcoma and explore new molecular therapeutic targets. Long intergenic nonprotein-coding RNA 707 (LINC00707) is an oncogenic gene in several cancers. In this study, we further clarified its role and regulatory mechanism in osteosarcoma. We found that LINC00707 levels are significantly higher in the osteosarcoma cell lines SW 1353, HOS, U-2 OS, MG-63, and Saos-2 compared to those in human fetal osteoblastic cell line hFOB1.19. LINC00707 silencing suppressed cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of MG-63 and Saos-2 cells. Moreover, LINC00707 can act as a competitive endogenous RNA of miR-338-3p, and miR-338-3p inhibitor and AHSA1 overexpression alleviated the effect of LINC00707 silencing. In conclusion, we demonstrated high expression of LINC00707 in osteosarcoma cell lines and that silencing LINC00707 suppresses cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by targeting the miR-338-3p/AHSA1 axis in MG-63 and Saos-2 cells. These findings suggest that LINC00707 may serve as a potential target for osteosarcoma treatment.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34332120

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of gene expression. The large-scale detection and profiling of miRNAs have accelerated with the development of high-throughput small RNA sequencing (sRNA-Seq) techniques and bioinformatics tools. However, generating high-quality comprehensive miRNA annotations remains challenging due to the intrinsic complexity of sRNA-Seq data and inherent limitations of existing miRNA predictions. Here, we present iwa-miRNA, a Galaxy-based framework that can facilitate miRNA annotation in plant species by combining computational analysis and manual curation. iwa-miRNA is specifically designed to generate a comprehensive list of miRNA candidates, bridging the gap between already annotated miRNAs provided by public miRNA databases and new predictions from sRNA-Seq datasets. It can also assist users in selecting promising miRNA candidates in an interactive mode, contributing to the accessibility and reproducibility of genome-wide miRNA annotation. iwa-miRNA is user-friendly and can be easily deployed as a web application for researchers without programming experience. With flexible, interactive, and easy-to-use features, iwa-miRNA is a valuable tool for the annotation of miRNAs in plant species with reference genomes. We illustrated the application of iwa-miRNA for miRNA annotation using data from plant species with varying genomic complexity. The source codes and web server of iwa-miRNA are freely accessible at: http://iwa-miRNA.omicstudio.cloud/.

13.
Cell Prolif ; 54(8): e13087, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255393

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Histatin 1(Hst 1) has been proved to promote wound healing. However, there was no specific study on the regulation made by Hst 1 of fibroblasts in the process of wound healing. This research comprehensively studied the regulation of Hst 1 on the function of fibroblasts in the process of wound healing and preliminary mechanism about it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The full-thickness skin wound model was made on the back of C57/BL6 mice. The wound healing, collagen deposition and fibroblast distribution were detected on days 3, 5 and 7 after injury. Fibroblast was cultured in vitro and stimulated with Hst 1, and then, their biological characteristics and functions were detected. RESULTS: Histatin 1 can effectively promote wound healing, improve collagen deposition during and after healing and increase the number and function of fibroblasts. After healing, the mechanical properties of the skin also improved. In vitro, the migration ability of fibroblasts stimulated by Hst 1 was significantly improved, and the fibroblasts transformed more into myofibroblasts, which improved the function of contraction and collagen secretion. In fibroblasts, mTOR signalling pathway can be activated by Hst 1. CONCLUSIONS: Histatin 1 can accelerate wound healing and improve the mechanical properties of healed skin by promoting the function of fibroblasts. The intermolecular mechanisms need to be further studied, and this study provides a direction about mTOR signalling pathway.


Assuntos
Histatinas/farmacologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células , Colágeno/metabolismo , Módulo de Elasticidade , Fibroblastos/citologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/transplante , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 96: 107678, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Through amplifying inflammatory cascades, IL-17A produced by γδ T cells potently attracts neutrophils to the site of injury for exacerbating ischemic tissue damage. Our goal was to identify the precise role of γδ T cell subsets in ischemic brain tissue damage of stroke. METHODS: In a model of experimental stroke, we analyzed the functions of Vγ1 and Vγ4 T cells on γδ T cell-mediated ischemic brain tissue damage of stroke. RESULTS: We identified that, in stroke, Vγ4 T cells are essential for γδ T cell-mediated ischemic brain tissue damage through providing an early source of IL-17A. Both CCL20 and IL-1ß/IL-23 are deeply involved in Vγ4 T cell-mediated amplification of inflammatory responses: CCL20 might promote Vγ4 T cells recruit to infract hemisphere, and IL-1ß/IL-23 powerfully enhance IL-17A production mediated by the infiltrating Vγ4 T cells. Moreover, Vγ4 T cell-derived IL-17A enhances both CCL20 and IL-1ß, and conversely, CCL20 and IL-1ß further enhance both recruitment and IL-17A production of IL-17A-positive cells, in a classic positive feedback loop. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that in the setting of ischemic stroke, Vγ4 T cell-derived IL-17A, CCL20 and IL-1ß/IL-23 in infract hemisphere coordinately to amplify inflammatory cascades and exacerbate ischemic tissue damage.

15.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 664604, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140939

RESUMO

Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus is a recognized probiotic that is widely used in scientific research and clinical applications. This study found that the Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) strain can reduce the adhesion of Escherichia coli (E. coli) to primary chicken intestinal epithelial cells by 75.7% and inhibit 41.7% of the E. coli that adhere to intestinal epithelial cells. Additionally, LGG showed strong inhibitory ability on the growth of E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella Paratyphi B, and Salmonella Enteritidis in vitro. Furthermore, the influence of LGG on the growth performance, intestinal flora, immunity, and disease resistance of chickens was explored. Chickens fed with LGG exhibited increased average daily weight gain and concentrations of sIgA, IgG, and IgM than did controls. After 21 days of feeding, a diet with LGG increased the diversity of intestinal microbiota and maintained intestinal health. Moreover, LGG promoted immunologic barriers by upregulating cytokines and chemokines via the Toll-like receptor. The major pro-inflammatory factors, including Myd88, NF-κB, Il6, and Il8, were upregulated compared to controls. After being challenged with E. coli, the survival rate of chickens fed with LGG was significantly higher than those in the control group, and decreased numbers of E. coli were detected in the heart and lungs of the LGG group. In summary, oral administration of LGG to chickens could improve growth performance, maintain intestinal homeostasis, and enhance innate immune response and disease resistance.

16.
Vet Microbiol ; 259: 109101, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166888

RESUMO

Mycoplasma synoviae is a common pathogen affecting poultry and has important economic significance. Infectious synovitis is the most common clinical effect. Since 2010, the incidence of M. synoviae infection in China has rapidly risen, causing significant economic losses to the chicken industry; however, the cause of the disease outbreak remains unclear. Phylogenetic and evolutionary analyses of field strains will help unravel the mystery. The multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) method is typically utilized to conduct genotyping and traceability analysis of microorganisms. MLST of M. synoviae has previously been established and shown strong discriminatory power. In this study, 54 Chinese M. synoviae strains isolated from 2016 to 2020 were genotyped by MLST based on seven housekeeping genes. This study aimed to investigate the dominant genotypes of M. synoviae in China and reveal the genetic and evolutionary relationships of these isolates. All 54 isolates were found to have new allelic sequences, which may indicate new sequence types. The results of BURST analysis indicated that all 54 strains belonged to group 11, which is an independent phylogenetic branch, and were separated from any other reference strains (189 isolates) in the PubMLST database. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that the M. synoviae strains circulating in China are relatively independent in terms of transmission and evolutionary relationships.

17.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 172: 19-32, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052344

RESUMO

Excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) have great impacts on the development of periodontitis. Dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) mediated mitochondrial fission is the main reason and the result of excessive ROS generation. However, whether Drp1 and crosstalk between ROS and Drp1 contribute to the process of periodontitis remains elusive. We herein investigated the role and functional significance of crosstalk between ROS and Drp1 in periodontitis. Firstly, human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and ROS inhibitor N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) or Drp1 inhibitor mitochondrial division inhibitor 1 (Mdivi-1). Cell viability, apoptosis, osteogenic differentiation, expression of Drp1, and mitochondrial function were investigated. Secondly, mice with periodontitis were treated with NAC or Mdivi-1. Finally, gingival tissues were collected from periodontitis patients and healthy individuals to evaluate ROS and Drp1 levels. H2O2 induced cellular injury and inflammation, excessive ROS production, mitochondrial abnormalities, and increased expression of p-Drp1 and Drp1 in hPDLCs, which could be reversed by NAC and Mdivi-1. Moreover, both NAC and Mdivi-1 ameliorated tissue damage and inflammation, and decreased expression of p-Drp1 and Drp1 in mice with periodontitis. More importantly, patients with periodontitis presented significantly higher levels of ROS-induced oxidative damage and p-Drp1 than that in healthy individuals and correlated with clinical parameters. In summary, ROS-Drp1 crosstalk greatly promotes the development of periodontitis. Pharmacological blockade of this crosstalk might be a novel therapeutic strategy for periodontitis.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Periodontite , Animais , Dinaminas/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Osteogênese , Periodontite/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 413: 125460, 2021 07 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930972

RESUMO

Microemulsion (ME) is considered as a stable solution for adsorbing organic matters. Aiming to remediate PAH contaminated soils from industrial sites in Shijiazhuang (Soil CPS) and Beijing (Soil CSG) in China, novel MEs were designed with different ratios of mixed surfactants (Surf, TX-100+Tween 80), n-butanol and fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). Particle size, transmittance, surface intension, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Raman spectroscopy of the MEs were analyzed. PAH removals by solubilization experiments were studied and regeneration of waste ME was evaluated. Results showed the novel MEs were obtained with particle sizes in a range of 18.53-122.77 nm. The lowest surface intension of MEs was 26.53 mN/m, which was prone to PAHs transferring to MEs. ‒OH (3350 cm-1), ‒CË­C (1740 cm-1) and ‒C‒O (1072 cm-1) functioned in forming MEs. Additionally, ‒OH, C‒H, ‒CË­C, ‒C‒O were considered as active binding sites when remediating PAH soils. PAH removals in soils CPS and CSG were up to 90.1% and 89.7% with surfactants and co-surfactant (Surf:Co-s), (Surf:Co-s) and FAME, soil and MEs (w:v) at ratios of 1:1, 8:2 and 1:4, respectively. About 85.6% of FAME and 41.9% of TX-100 in waste ME were recovered for recycle purpose.

20.
Bioact Mater ; 6(10): 3485-3495, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33817422

RESUMO

Large bone defect repair requires biomaterials that promote angiogenesis and osteogenesis. In present work, a nanoclay (Laponite, XLS)-functionalized 3D bioglass (BG) scaffold with hypoxia mimicking property was prepared by foam replication coupled with UV photopolymerization methods. Our data revealed that the incorporation of XLS can significantly promote the mechanical property of the scaffold and the osteogenic differentiation of human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) compared to the properties of the neat BG scaffold. Desferoxamine, a hypoxia mimicking agent, encourages bone regeneration via activating hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α)-mediated angiogenesis. GelMA-DFO immobilization onto BG-XLS scaffold achieved sustained DFO release and inhibited DFO degradation. Furthermore, in vitro data demonstrated increased HIF-1α and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expressions on human adipose mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs). Moreover, BG-XLS/GelMA-DFO scaffolds also significantly promoted the osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs. Most importantly, our in vivo data indicated BG-XLS/GelMA-DFO scaffolds strongly increased bone healing in a critical-sized mouse cranial bone defect model. Therefore, we developed a novel BG-XLS/GelMA-DFO scaffold which can not only induce the expression of VEGF, but also promote osteogenic differentiation of ADSCs to promote endogenous bone regeneration.

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