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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 731-740, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383068

RESUMO

NiO/ZnO gas-sensing nanotube materials were prepared by electrospinning. The structure and morphology of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energydispersive X-ray detection (EDX) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The template, PAN (peroxyacetyl nitrate) fibers, was completely removed, as evidenced by the EDX results. The final NiO/ZnO composite materials were composed of hexagonal wurtzite ZnO and cubic NiO and exhibited hollow tubular structures. In the composites, p-n heterojunctions were formed at the interface of NiO and ZnO. The results of gas sensitivity tests showed that the incorporation of NiO considerably improved the gas sensitivity of ZnO to ethanol. When the doping ratio was 0.125 mol/mol, the composites exhibited the highest sensitivity to ethanol (100.92 at 300 °C) and showed high selectivity.

2.
Food Microbiol ; 86: 103340, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703864

RESUMO

Red sufu is a traditional food produced by the fermentation of soybean. In this study, sufu samples were periodically collected during the whole fermentation to investigate the dynamic changes of fungal and bacterial communities using high-throughput sequencing technology. The overall process can be divided into pre- and post-fermentation. During post-fermentation, the pH value showed a gradual decrease over time while the amino nitrogen content increased. Trichosporon, Actinomucor and Cryptococcus were the main genera in pre-fermentation while Monascus and Aspergillus were dominant in post-fermentation. This huge shift in fungal composition was caused by process procedure of pouring dressing mixture. However, the bacterial composition was not greatly changed after pouring dressing mixture, the Acinetobacter and Enterobacter were the predominant genera throughout the whole process. Furthermore, Bacillus species were first detected after adding dressing mixture, but declined abruptly to a very low level (0.07%) by the end of the fermentation. Our work demonstrates the dynamic changes of physicochemical properties and microbial composition in every fermentation stage, the knowledge of which could potentially serve as a foundation for improving the safety and quality of sufu in the future.

3.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 106: 110227, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753352

RESUMO

Organelle-targeting agents are promising in both fundamental and applied biomedicine research, but such materials are very limited. As a curved 2D carbon material, corannulene (Cor) displays an uneven intramolecular electron distribution, producing a large dipole moment that can favor the electrostatic interaction. Based on the large negative mitochondrial membrane potential and the presence of a connection structure between mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER), we hypothesized that Cor could simultaneously target both mitochondria and ER. Such hypothesis was well validated by using the fluorescence tag-labelled Cor. The co-localization analysis in a model cell line (PC3) revealed a preferred accumulation of Cor in both organelles, as evidenced by a large Pearson correlation coefficient. The large dipole also empowered Cor the ability of controlled production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) upon light irradiation. This feature plus mitochondria targeting of Cor induced depletion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and caspase 9/3 activation. The triggered ROS generation in ER caused the calcium dumping in the cytosol, as revealed by a calcium-specific fluorescence probe. A significant degree of apoptosis was induced by Cor as a result of the interplay of dual mitochondria/ER targeting and triggered organelle-specific ROS delivery. This study demonstrated the subcellular targeting ability of Cor for potential ROS-based therapy, and implied that the dipole could be a valuable parameter for efficient design and tailored screening of organelle-targeting materials for various biomedical applications.

4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 187: 109779, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639643

RESUMO

UV-activated persulfate (UV/PS) and peroxymonosulfate (UV/PMS) processes as alternative methods for removal of imidacloprid (IMP) were conducted for the first time. The reaction rate constants between IMP and the sulfate or hydroxyl radical were calculated as 2.33×109  or 2.42×1010 M-1 s-1, respectively. The degradation of IMP was greatly improved by UV/PS and UV/PMS compared with only UV or oxidant. At any given dosage, UV/PS achieved higher IMP removal rate than UV/PMS. The pH range affecting the degradation in the UV/PS and UV/PMS systems were different in the ranges of 6-8 and 9 to 10. SO42-, F- and NO3- had no obvious effect on the degradation in the UV/PS and UV/PMS systems. CO32- and PO43- inhibited the degradation of IMP in the UV/PS system, while they enhanced the degradation in the UV/PMS system. Algae organic matters (AOM) were used to consider the impact of the degradation of IMP for the first time. The removal of IMP were restrained by both AOM and natural organic matters. The higher removal rate of IMP demonstrated that both UV/PS and UV/PMS were suitable for treating the water containing IMP, while UV/PS was cost-effective than UV/PMS based on the total cost calculation. Finally, the degradation pathways of IMP were proposed.

5.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 70-80, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074095

RESUMO

Numbers of emerging evidence suggest that variable microRNA (miRNA) expression facilitates the aging process. In this study, we distinguished aberrant miRNA expression in aged skin and explored the biological functions and potential mechanism of upregulated miR-302b-3p. At first, miRNA microarray analysis was examined to explore miRNA expression profiling in the skin of aging mice model by D-galactose (d-gal) injection. We identified 29 aberrant miRNAs in aged mice skin. Next, KEGG enrichment analysis was conducted with DIANA-miPath v3.0, which was revealed that enrichment pathways involved in such processes as extracellular matrix-receptor interaction, MAPK signaling pathway, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. The target genes of deregulated miRNAs were predicted from four bioinformatic algorithms (miRDB, Targetscan, miRwalk, and Tarbase). The interaction network of miRNAs and their targets were visualized using Cytoscape software. As a result, we found that some hub genes (including JNK2, AKT1/2/3, PAK7, TRPS1, BCL2L11, and IKZF2) were targeted by 12 potential miRNAs (including miR-302b-3p, miR-291a-5p, miR-139-3p, miR-467c-3p, miR-186-3p, etc.). Subsequently, we identified five upregulated miRNA via quantitative polymerase chain reaction and all of them were confirmed increased significantly in aged skin tissues compared with young control tissues. Among them, high expression of miR-302b-3p was verified in both aged skin tissues and senescence fibroblasts. Furthermore, miR-302b-3p mimic accelerated skin fibroblast senescence and suppressed the longevity-associated gene Sirtuin 1(Sirt1) expression, whereas miR-302b-3p inhibitor could delay skin fibroblast senescence and contribute Sirt1 expression. In addition, we demonstrated that c-Jun N-terminal kinase 2(JNK2) is a direct target of miR-302b-3p by a luciferase reporter assay. An inverse correlation was verified in fibroblasts between miR-302b-3p and JNK2. Most importantly, siRNA JNK2 confirmed that low expression of JNK2 could accelerate fibroblasts senescence. In conclusion, our results indicated that overexpressed miR-302b-3p plays an important biological role in accelerating skin aging process via directly targeting JNK2 gene.

6.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 735-742, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478228

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains the most common malignant tumor worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs can modulate various tumorigenic processes. In addition, growing evidence has indicated tha the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway is activated in multiple cancers, including HCC. Recently, it was found that LINC00346 can participate in several cancers. Nevertheless, the biological roles of LINC00346 in HCC have been barely investigated. In this study, the function of LINC00346 was specifically concentrated upon. We observed that LINC00346 was obviously elevated in HCC cells (Bel7404, Huh-6, HepG2, and QGY-7703 cells). Then, Bel7404 and HepG2 cells were overexpressed with LINC00346. Overexpression of LINC00346 repressed HCC cell survival and cell proliferation. In addition, apoptosis of Bel7404 and HepG2 cells was triggered by LINC00346 upregulation. Bel7404 and HepG2 cell cycle was arrested in the G1 phase by LINC00346. Meanwhile, we conducted wound-healing assay and Transwell invasion assays. As shown, we observed that the migratory and invasive capacities of Bel7404 and HepG2 cells were remarkably restrained by the increase of LINC00346. Moreover, we showed that LINC00346 overexpression activated the JAK-STAT3 pathway, which is involved in many cancers. Afterward, in vivo experiments were utilized and we proved that LINC00346 was able to induce HCC tumor growth via activating the JAK-STAT3 pathway. To conclude, we revealed the potential possibility of developing LINC00346 as an indicator for HCC.

7.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 32(3): 034001, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639105

RESUMO

The addition of various dipolar molecules is shown to affect the temperature dependence of the spin state occupancy of the much studied spin crossover Fe(II) complex, [Fe{H2B(pz)2}2(bipy)] (pz = pyrazol-1-yl, bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine). Specifically, the addition of benzimidazole results in a re-entrant spin crossover transition, i.e. the spin state starts in the mostly low spin state, then high spin state occupancy increases, and finally the high spin state occupancy decreases with increasing temperature. This behavior contrasts with that observed when the highly polar p -benzoquinonemonoimine zwitterion C6H2(…NH2)2(…O)2 was mixed with [Fe{H2B(pz)2}2(bipy)], which resulted in locking [Fe{H2B(pz)2}2(bipy)] largely into a low spin state while addition of the ethyl derivative C6H2(…NHC2H5)2(…O)2 did not appear to perturb the spin crossover transition of [Fe{H2B(pz)2}2(bipy)].

8.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 102: 103473, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437524

RESUMO

Dopamine (DA) is an important neuroendocrine factor, which can act as neurotransmitter and neurohormone. In this study, we explored the immune defense mechanism in Litopenaeus vannamei with injection of dopamine at 10-7 and 10-6 mol shrimp-1, respectively. The genes expressions of dopamine receptor (DAR), G proteins (Gs, Gi, Gq), phagocytosis and exocytosis-related proteins, as well as intracellular signaling pathway factors, and immune defense parameters were measured. Results showed that mRNA expression levels of dopamine receptor D4 (D4), Gi, nuclear transcription factors and exocytosis-related proteins decreased significantly and reached the minimum at 3 h, while the genes expressions of Gs, Gq and phagocytosis-related proteins reached the highest and lowest levels at 3 h and 6 h, respectively. The second messenger synthetases increased significantly in treatment groups within 3 h. Simultaneously, the second messengers and protein kinases shared a similar trend, which were significantly elevated and reached the peak value at 3 h. Ultimately lead to the total hemocyte count (THC), proPO activity and phagocytic activity decreased significantly, reaching minimum values at 3 h, 3 h and 6 h, respectively. While PO activity showed obvious peak changes, which maximum value reached at 3 h. These results suggested that DA receptor could couple with G protein after DA injection and might regulate immunity through cAMP-PKA, DAG-PKC or CaM pathway.

9.
Virology ; 539: 1-10, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605941

RESUMO

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is associated with numerous mammalian diseases, especially viral diseases. Porcine parvovirus (PPV) is the causative agent of reproductive failure in swine. Here, we observed that the PPV infection of porcine kidney 15 and porcine testis cells resulted in the activation of ER stress sensors mediated by protein kinase R-like ER kinase (PERK), but not inositol-requiring enzyme 1 and activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6). ER stress activation obviously blocked PPV replication. Depletion of proteins, such as PERK, eukaryotic initiation factor 2, and ATF4, by small interfering RNA significantly enhanced PPV replication. Moreover, the pro-apoptotic factor C/EBP homologous protein was identified a key factor in the inhibition of PPV replication. These data demonstrate that PPV infection activates ER stress through the PERK signaling pathway and that ER stress inhibits further PPV replication by promoting apoptosis.

10.
Chemosphere ; 242: 125209, 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677519

RESUMO

The fungicide myclobutanil (MYC) is a common contaminant found in surface water. The aim of this study was to determine the acute toxicity, developmental effects, bioconcentration factor (BCF) and potential bio-molecular mechanisms of MYC toxicity in zebrafish. Susceptibility to MYC toxicity was life-stage dependent with adult fish being the most sensitive (96 h-LC50, 6.34 mg/L) followed by 72 h post-hatch (hph) larvae (8.90 mg/L), 12 hph larvae (20.53 mg/L) and embryos (42.54 mg/L). Zebrafish embryos and larvae (12 hph) responded with decreased hatching, heartbeat and growth, as well as abnormal spontaneous movement and development. BCFs were calculated by quantifying MYC concentrations from different tissues of adult zebrafish exposed to MYC for up to 11 days. Highest BCFs were obtained from gills (18.25 ±â€¯0.07), followed by viscera (16.78 ±â€¯0.04), head (13.13 ±â€¯0.08) and muscle (8.96 ±â€¯0.10). MYC (0.5 mg/L) inhibited gene expression related to cholesterol synthesis pathway, including 24-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR24), 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase (DHCR7), 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCRa), HMGCRb, farnesyl-diphosphate farnesyltransferase 1(FDFT1), squa-lene epoxidase (SQLE), isopentenyl-diphosphate delta isomerase 1 (IDI1) and CYP51, while no cholesterol changes were observed in the MYC treated group. These results will contribute to the literature assessing the environmental risk of MYC in aquatic environment.

11.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724724

RESUMO

During meiosis, telomere attachment to the inner nuclear envelope is required for proper pairing of homologous chromosomes and recombination. Here, we identified F-box protein 47 (FBXO47) as a regulator of the telomeric shelterin complex that is specifically expressed during meiotic prophase I. Knockout of Fbxo47 in mice leads to infertility in males. We found that the Fbxo47 deficient spermatocytes are unable to form a complete synaptonemal complex. FBXO47 interacts with TRF1/2, and the disruption of Fbxo47 destabilizes TRF2, leading to unstable telomere attachment and slow traversing through the bouquet stage. Our findings uncover a novel mechanism of FBXO47 in telomeric shelterin subunit stabilization during meiosis.

12.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692232

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of imiquimod in comparison with other treatments in patients with BCC. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in the database of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science. Outcomes of interest included histological/composite clearance rate, success rate, complete response rate, tumor free survival, and adverse events. Pooled risk ratio (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a fixed-effects or random-effects model were determined for each outcome. RESULTS: A total of 13 studies involving 4256 patients were identified. Imiquimod was associated with significantly higher histological clearance rate (RR = 9.28, 95%CI: 5.56, 15.49; P < .001) and composite clearance rate (RR = 34.24, 95%CI: 21.29, 55.06; P = .001). Moreover, imiquimod also significantly increased complete response rate (RR = 3.15, 95%CI: 1.55, 6.38; P = .001) but had no effect in the success rate (RR = 0.98, 95%CI: 0.89, 1.08; P = .727) and probability of tumor-free survival (RR = 1.15, 95%CI: 0.98, 1.35; P = .088), as compared with other treatments. There were more patients in imiquimod group who developed adverse events than in other treatment group (RR = 2.00, 95%CI: 1.39, 2.88; P < .001). CONCLUSION: This study indicated the effects of imiquimod in improving the histological/composite clearance rates as compared with other treatments. However, its treatment-related adverse events also should be noticed. Our findings supported that, imiquimod could be used as the first-choice treatment for BCC.

13.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(11): 833, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685801

RESUMO

RBBP6 has been implicated in tumorigenesis but its role in tumor metastasis and progression has not been evaluated. Interestingly, here we show that RBBP6 is upregulated in colorectal cancer (CRC) where its expression level is positively correlated with distant metastasis. In this study, we identified RBBP6, a RING Finger-domain E3 ubiquitin ligase, served as an independent prognostic factor and predicted poor outcome for CRC patients. RBBP6 promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in CRC cells and promoted tumor growth, lung metastasis, and liver metastasis in mouse models. Mechanistically, we revealed that RBBP6 bound and ubiquitylated IκBα, an inhibitor of the NF-κB-signaling pathway. RBBP6-mediated ubiquitination and degradation of IκBα significantly enhanced p65 nuclear translocation, which triggered the activation of NF-κB pathway and then induced the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process and cell metastasis. Furthermore, by DNA methylation results and ChIP analysis, we demonstrated that the promoter of RBBP6 was hypomethylated, and was activated by multi-oncogenic transcription factors. In conclusion, our findings suggest that RBBP6 may be a potential prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for CRC invasion and metastasis.

14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(22)2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703288

RESUMO

The advanced receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (advanced RAIM, ARAIM) is the next generation of RAIM which is widely used in civil aviation. However, the current ARAIM needs to evaluate hundreds of subsets, which results in huge computational loads. In this paper, a method using the subset excluding entire constellation to evaluate the single satellite fault subsets and the simultaneous multiple satellites fault subsets is presented. The proposed ARAIM algorithm is based on the tight integration of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) and inertial navigation system (INS). The number of subsets that the proposed GNSS/INS ARAIM needs to consider is about 2% of that of the current ARAIM, which reduces the computational load dramatically. The detailed fault detection (FD) process and fault exclusion (FE) process of the proposed GNSS/INS ARAIM are provided. Meanwhile, the method to obtain the FD-only integrity bound and the after-exclusion integrity bound is also presented in this paper. The simulation results show that the proposed GNSS/INS ARAIM is able to find the failing satellite accurately and its integrity performance is able to meet the integrity requirements of CAT-I precision approach.

15.
Ultrason Sonochem ; : 104515, 2019 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31753547

RESUMO

In this paper, the effects of ultrasonic wave on the removal of inorganic scaling and plugging in cores and the influence of the key wave field parameters, process parameters and core physical parameters on the plugging removal efficiency are systematically studied. The main dynamic mechanism of ultrasonic plugging removal is also systematically analyzed. Results show that the transducer frequency, transducer power, ultrasonic treatment time and initial permeability of core have great influence on the effect of ultrasonic scale removal. When the cumulative treatment time of ultrasonic wave exceeds 60 min, the recovery rate of core permeability tends to be stable. Best effect can be achieved when processing for 80-120 min cumulatively; the plugging removal effect is improved with the increase of ultrasonic transducer power and ultrasonic frequency, but the effect of plugging removal is not obvious with the further increasing of them. In addition, it is proved that the effect of removing calcium carbonate plug from near wellbore by hydrochloric acid solution is slightly better than that by ultrasonic treatment alone. Finally, the micro dynamic mechanism of removing inorganic scale plug by high-power ultrasonic treatment is discussed in view of ultrasonic inorganic scale body crushing, ultrasonic cavitation, ultrasonic friction, ultrasonic peristaltic transport operation and ultrasonic fracture-making and permeability-increasing effect.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755255

RESUMO

Nanostructure engineering of hematite is a promising strategy to overcome its performance limitations as a photodegradation catalyst for organic dyes or toxic organic chemicals. Precise control of exposed facets plays a vital role as an optimization strategy. Although great progress has been made in the synthesis of different crystal morphologies, design principles remain ad hoc, awaiting systematic control of facet expression within a clean synthesis protocol yielding versatile results. Herein, we report a simple method that enables precise morphology control to synthesize 2D hexagonal hematite nanosheets from two-line ferrihydrite. Nanosheet sizes and facet proportions were successfully tuned by changing the pH, the ratio of solvent ethanol to water, and the concentration of FeIII ions. The growth mechanism appears to involve a combination of ferrihydrite solid-state transformation and assembly into hematite, followed by an ion-by-ion growth that perfects the surface terminations. The finding helps to establish a rational basis for the design and optimization of hematite nanostructures.

18.
Sci Adv ; 5(11): eaax0649, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723600

RESUMO

Wearable sweat analysis devices for monitoring of multiple health-related biomarkers with high sensitivity are highly desired for noninvasive and real-time monitoring of human health. Here, we report a flexible sweat analysis patch based on a silk fabric-derived carbon textile for simultaneous detection of six health-related biomarkers. The intrinsically N-doped graphitic structure and the hierarchical woven, porous structure provided the carbon textile good electrical conductivity, rich active sites, and good water wettability for efficient electron transmission and abundant access to reactants, enabling it to serve as an excellent working electrode in electrochemical sensors. On the basis of the above, we fabricated a multiplex sweat analysis patch that is capable of simultaneous detection of glucose, lactate, ascorbic acid, uric acid, Na+, and K+. The integration of selective detectors with signal collection and transmission components in this device has enabled us to realize real-time analysis of sweat.

19.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(44): 24458-24468, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681937

RESUMO

Propanol (n-propanol or iso-propanol (i-propanol)) is a promising clean-burning oxygenated fuel component and fuel additive. Understanding its reactions with OH radical is of great significance in both combustion and atmospheric chemistry. In this work, we calculate the rate constants and branching ratios of the hydrogen abstraction reactions of n-propanol and i-propanol by OH radical in a broad temperature range of 63-2000 K using the competitive canonical unified statistical (CCUS) model. For both n-propanol and i-propanol, in both the high-pressure and low-pressure limits, the total reaction rate constants show a significant negative dependence on temperature in the low temperature regime and approach the capture rate for the formation of the pre-reactive complex when temperature is down to the ultracold regime. Several factors, tunneling, remarkable anharmonicity of high-frequency modes of transition states, and the presence of reaction channels with a negative free energy barrier, contribute to this phenomenon. We observe pressure-dependent branching fractions at T < ∼400 K for n-propanol or T < 200 K for i-propanol, and at higher temperatures, the branching fractions are independent of the pressure. The alpha-hydrogen (Hα) abstraction with a lower barrier is not always dominant as traditionally expected. The H-abstraction from the terminal carbon (Ht) of i-propanol, with a higher barrier, is dominant above 1000 K because of the remarkably larger effect of multi-structural and torsional (MS-T) anharmonicity. In the pressure-dependent ultra-low temperature regime and high-pressure limit, the beta-hydrogen (Hß) abstraction and the hydrogen abstraction from the hydroxyl group (HO) become dominant for n-propanol and i-propanol, respectively, mainly due to the tunneling effect.

20.
Toxicol Lett ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734271

RESUMO

Overexposure to 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE) can induce brain edema, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Aquaporin 4 (AQP4) is the most prevalent water channel in the brain, and the pool of AQP4 facilitates brain edema by controlling the inflow and clearance of brain water. MicroRNAs play an important role in the regulation of brain edema via RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. To explore the regulation role of AQP4 and microRNA in 1,2-DCE-induced brain edema, Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and AQP4 knockout CD-1 mice were exposed to 1,2-DCE by inhalation for 7 days (0, 600, 1800 mg/m3) and 28 days (0, 100, 350, 700 mg/m3), respectively. The results showed that 1,2-DCE induces brain edema, in both rats and mice, characterized by an increase in brain water content and vacuolations in the brain parenchyma and around the vessels of the cerebral cortex. Notably, 1,2-DCE exposure can down-regulate AQP4 expression, in both rats and mice. Also, deleting AQP4 intensifies 1,2-DCE-induced brain edema in mice. Meanwhile, microRNA-29b-3p (miR-29b) expression increases with 1,2-DCE exposure, in both rats and mice. A negative correlation was found between the expression of miR-29b and AQP4 in vivo. Moreover, the negative regulation of miR-29b by direct targeting to AQP4 was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay in vitro. Taken together, our findings indicate that AQP4 plays an important role in balancing water content in 1,2-DCE-induced brain edema. The dysregulation of miR-29b after 1,2-DCE exposure can aggravate brain edema by directly suppressing the expression of AQP4.

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