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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 731-740, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383068

RESUMO

NiO/ZnO gas-sensing nanotube materials were prepared by electrospinning. The structure and morphology of the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), energydispersive X-ray detection (EDX) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis. The template, PAN (peroxyacetyl nitrate) fibers, was completely removed, as evidenced by the EDX results. The final NiO/ZnO composite materials were composed of hexagonal wurtzite ZnO and cubic NiO and exhibited hollow tubular structures. In the composites, p-n heterojunctions were formed at the interface of NiO and ZnO. The results of gas sensitivity tests showed that the incorporation of NiO considerably improved the gas sensitivity of ZnO to ethanol. When the doping ratio was 0.125 mol/mol, the composites exhibited the highest sensitivity to ethanol (100.92 at 300 °C) and showed high selectivity.

2.
Opt Express ; 27(16): A981-A994, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510485

RESUMO

Time-dependent polarized radiative transfer in an atmosphere-ocean system exposed to external illumination is numerically investigated. The specular reflection and transmission effects based on the relative refractive index between the atmosphere and water are considered. A modified Monte Carlo (MMC) algorithm combined with time shift and superposition principle, which significantly improves the computational efficiency of the traditional Monte Carlo (TMC) method, is developed to simulate the time-dependent polarized radiative transfer process. The accuracy and computational superiority of the MMC for polarized radiative transfer in the atmosphere-ocean system are validated, and the time-resolved polarized radiative signals are discussed.

3.
J Neuroinflammation ; 16(1): 119, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171009

RESUMO

After the publication of the original article [1], it came to the authors' attention that there was an error in the originally published version of Fig. 5b. The image of CD4+CD25+ T cells of the statin-Dex group was unintentionally replaced with the image of CD4+CD25+ T cells from the control group. The correct version of Fig. 5b is published in this Erratum.

4.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(7): e1900170, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134745

RESUMO

The tumor-suppressor function of p53 makes it an attractive drug target. Efforts were mostly put on stabilization of the functional p53 or reactivation of mutated p53. Previous studies have shown that small molecules targeting Loop1/Sheet3 (L1/S3) can reactivate the R175H-p53 and stabilize p53 in vitro. Since the L1/S3 pocket is shared by the mutate and the wild type (WT) p53, virtual screening is introduced to identify natural products targeting the L1/S3 of WT p53. Considering the high flexibility of Loop1, ensemble docking method is utilized for different clusters of the L1/S3. Seven conformations were chosen for docking. As one of the 181 selected candidates, torilin not only improved p53 activity, but also increased p21 protein expression level, which lies downstream of p53, therefore suppressing HCT116 cancer cell growth. Torilin may covalently bind to Cys124 of p53 by 2-methyl-2-butenal (2M2B) group, as torilin derivatives, which do not contain the 2M2B group, were not able to increase the p53 transcription activity. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that L1/S3 of WT-p53 is a druggable pocket, and torilin has a potential cytotoxicity through activating the p53 pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Células HCT116 , Células HT29 , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
6.
Fitoterapia ; 134: 226-249, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825578

RESUMO

Natural products, especially diterpenoids, are enriched with numerous compounds with a broad spectrum of therapeutic indications, suggesting that functional moieties serve as a core pharmacophore. Cassane diterpenoids (CAs), as the main and characteristic constituents of medical plants in the Caesalpinia genus, have been widely studied due to their bioactivities, and >450 compounds have been reported since the 1960s, including 283 compounds that have been reported in the past decade. There are five main types of structures for these compounds: tricyclic cassane diterpenoids with a fused furan ring (I) or butanolide lactone (II), tricyclic cassane diterpenoids (III), norcassane diterpenoids (IV), and other types (V). CAs derivatives have a wide range of biological properties, including anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, antitumour, antiviral, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, and antioxidant effects. This review highlights the role of the biosynthetic pathway, including those with abnormal skeletons, as well as advances in structure, pharmacological activities and primarily mechanisms of CAs obtained from the Caesalpinia genus. The findings herein provide new insights into the development of this kind of natural diterpenoids.


Assuntos
Caesalpinia/química , Diterpenos/química , Vias Biossintéticas , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
7.
Evolution ; 73(2): 158-174, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30592527

RESUMO

Understanding the ecological and evolutionary mechanisms that shape a species' range is an important goal in evolutionary biology. Evidence indicates that mating system is an effective predictor of the global range of native species or naturalized alien plants, but the mechanisms underlying this predictability are not elaborated. Here, we develop a theoretical model to account for the ranges of plants under different mating systems based on migration-selection processes (an idea proposed by Haldane). The model includes alternation of gametophyte and sporophyte generations in one life cycle and the dispersal of haploid pollen and diploid seeds as vectors for gene flow. We show that the interaction between selfing rates and gametophytic selection determines the role of mating system in shaping a species' range. Selfing restricts the species' range under gametophytic selection in nonrandom mating systems, but expands the species' range under the absence of gametophytic selection in any mating system. Gametophytic selection slightly restricts the species' range in random mating. Both logarithmic and logistic models of population demography yield similar conclusions in the case of fixed or evolving genetic variance. The theory also helps to explain a broader relationship between mating system and range size following biological invasion or plant naturalization.

8.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 7(1): 171, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30353004

RESUMO

Seasonal H3N2 influenza viruses are recognized as major epidemic viruses, exhibiting complex seasonal patterns in regions with temperate climates. To investigate the influence of viral evolution and mutations on the seasonality of influenza, we performed a genome-wide analysis of samples collected from 62 influenza A/H3N2-infected patients in Shanghai during 2016-2017. Phylogenetic analysis of all eight segments of the influenza A virus revealed that there were two epidemic influenza virus strains circulating in the 2016-2017 winter season (2016-2017win) and 2017 summer season (2017sum). Replication of the two epidemic viral strains at different temperatures (33, 35, 37, and 39 °C) was measured, and the correlation of the mutations in the two epidemic viral strains with temperature sensitivity and viral replication was analyzed. Analysis of the replication kinetics showed that replication of the 2016-2017win strains was significantly restricted at 39 °C compared with that of the 2017sum strains. A polymerase activity assay and mutational analysis demonstrated that the PA I668V mutation of the 2016-2017win viruses suppressed polymerase activity in vitro at high temperatures. Taken together, these data suggest that the I668V mutation in the PA subunit of the 2016-2017win strains may confer temperature sensitivity and attenuate viral replication and polymerase activity; meanwhile, the 2017sum strains maintained virulence at high temperatures. These findings highlight the importance of certain mutations in viral adaptation and persistence in subsequent seasons.

9.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2018 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30315252

RESUMO

Tamoxifen (TMX) is an antiestrogen drug that is used in the treatment and prevention of all stages of estrogen-dependent breast cancer. Adverse effects of TMX include hepatotoxicity. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of osthole, isolated from medicinal plants especially Fructus Cnidii, on TMX-induced acute liver injury in mice. Mice were injected with osthole (100 mg/kg, ip) or vehicle, followed by TMX (90 mg/kg, ip) 24 h later. We showed that a single injection of TMX-induced liver injury and oxidative stress. Pretreatment with osthole attenuated TMX-induced liver injury evidenced by dose-dependent reduction of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities. Pretreatment with osthole also blunted TMX-induced oxidative stress, evidenced by significant increase of reduced glutathione (GSH) as well as reduction of malondialdehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Consistently, osthole significantly enhanced the expressions of antioxidant genes (GPX1, SOD2, GCL-c, and G6pdh), but suppressed those of pro-oxidant genes (NOX2 and ACOX). Furthermore, osthole inhibited the production of inflammatory cytokines, reduced the metabolic activation of TMX, and promoted its clearance. We further revealed that osthole elevated hepatic cAMP and cGMP levels, but inhibition of PKA or PKG failed to abolish the hepatoprotective effect of osthole. Meanwhile, prominent phosphorylation of p38 was observed in liver in response to TMX, which was significantly inhibited by osthole. Pretreatment with SB203580, a p38 inhibitor, significantly attenuated TMX-induced increase of ALT and AST activities, reduced oxidative stress, and reversed the alterations of gene expression caused by TMX. Moreover, pretreatment with L-buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), an inhibitor of GSH synthesis, partly reversed the effect of osthole on TMX-induced liver injury. Consistently, pretreatment with N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) significantly attenuated TMX-induced increase in ALT and AST activities. Notably, both BSO and NAC had no detectable effect on the phosphorylation levels of p38. Collectively, our results suggest that osthole prevents TMX hepatotoxicity by suppressing p38 activation and subsequently reducing TMX-induced oxidative damage.

10.
Pharmazie ; 73(9): 526-532, 2018 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30223936

RESUMO

Artesunate is a semi-synthetic derivative of a Chinese herb named Artemisia annua L. that is commonly used as an antimalarial agent in the history of traditional Chinese medicine. Many studies have reported artesunate possesses anti-inflammatory and immunoregulation properties. The present study was conducted to explore whether artesunate was effective in experimental autoimmune myasthenia gravis (EAMG) in Lewis rats. Our data showed that artesunate could improve the clinical symptoms and suppress the development of EAMG. Artesunate exerted its immunomodulatory effects by inhibiting lymphocyte proliferation and the expression of costimulatory molecules CD86, modulating Th1/Th2 cytokine expression levels, and enhancing the level of Treg cells. The final result of administration of artesunate was the decreased synthesis of anti-R97-116 IgG, IgG2a, and IgG2b antibodies. The treatment effect of artesunate was more obvious at dose of 10 mg/kg. These date suggest that artesunate might be a potential drug for the treatment of human myasthenia gravis (MG).

11.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 2607, 2018 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29973592

RESUMO

To optimally penetrate biological hydrogels such as mucus and the tumor interstitial matrix, nanoparticles (NPs) require physicochemical properties that would typically preclude cellular uptake, resulting in inefficient drug delivery. Here, we demonstrate that (poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) core)-(lipid shell) NPs with moderate rigidity display enhanced diffusivity through mucus compared with some synthetic mucus penetration particles (MPPs), achieving a mucosal and tumor penetrating capability superior to that of both their soft and hard counterparts. Orally administered semi-elastic NPs efficiently overcome multiple intestinal barriers, and result in increased bioavailability of doxorubicin (Dox) (up to 8 fold) compared to Dox solution. Molecular dynamics simulations and super-resolution microscopy reveal that the semi-elastic NPs deform into ellipsoids, which enables rotation-facilitated penetration. In contrast, rigid NPs cannot deform, and overly soft NPs are impeded by interactions with the hydrogel network. Modifying particle rigidity may improve the efficacy of NP-based drugs, and can be applicable to other barriers.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29980137

RESUMO

Olfaction and gustation play critical roles in the daily activities of insects by mediating important behaviors, such as locating host plants, mates and oviposition sites. These behaviors are mediated by a series of chemosensory receptor proteins, including odorant receptors (ORs), gustatory receptors (GRs) and ionotropic receptors (IRs). Holotrichia parallela is a worldwide pest on many crops and particularly on peanuts in China. In the present study, we produced Illumina-based transcriptomes from male and female antennae and ultimately identified 47 candidate ORs, 15 GRs and 27 IRs. Based on phylogenetic analyses, the relatedness with other species and possible functions of chemosensory genes were predicted and analyzed, such as the putative OR co-receptor (HparOR40), IR co-receptors (HparIR1 and HparIR27), carbon dioxide receptors (HparGR5 and HparGR14) and sugar receptors (HparGR8, HparGR11 and HparGR13). The differences in expression between genes and between sexes were analyzed using FPKM values and visualized in heat maps. Furthermore, the qRT-PCR results of 26 candidate genes were assessed to validate the differential expression analyses between sexes and between olfactory and non-olfactory tissues. Thirteen genes were more highly expressed in female than in male antennae, whereas four genes had higher expression in male than in female antennae. Twelve genes were predominantly expressed in the antennae as olfactory organs compared with expression in non-olfactory tissues. Our study was the first to annotate the chemosensory receptors of H. parallela, and it will provide a strong foundation for future work on physiology and ecology at the molecular level.

13.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 26(3): 705-709, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29950207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation of ATO therapeutic dose with the relapse of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and to investigate the optimal dose and courses of ATO. METHODS: The clinical data of 102 patients with APL from January 2008 to June 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics of APL patients in relapsed group and maintained remission group were compared. According to ATO dose in 2 years recommended in chinese guideline as criteria of grouping, the patients were divided into ATO high and low dose groups, then the relapse rate in groups was compared. The cut-off value of ATO dose was analyzed by ROC curve. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed that the relapse rate in high ATO and low ATO groups on 2 year treatment was 2.5% and 17.7% respectively (P<0.05); multiple variate analysis demonstrated that the ATO dose>22.4 mg/kg on 2 year treatment was independent preventive factor for the relapse of APL (OR=0.119, P<0.05). The ROC curve showed that the cut-off value of ATO dose on 2 year treatment was 8.765 mg/kg. The relapse rate of APL in group of ATO dose >8.765 mg/kg group was significantly lower than that in group of ATO dose <8.765 mg/kg. CONCLUSION: The relapse of APL relates with used ATO dose, sufficient use of ATO dose can decrease the relapse rate of APL.


Assuntos
Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Trióxido de Arsênio , Arsenicais , Humanos , Óxidos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tretinoína
14.
PLoS Biol ; 16(6): e2004880, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29879109

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA methylation is the most abundant modification on mRNAs and plays important roles in various biological processes. The formation of m6A is catalyzed by a methyltransferase complex including methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3) as a key factor. However, the in vivo functions of METTL3 and m6A modification in mammalian development remain unclear. Here, we show that specific inactivation of Mettl3 in mouse nervous system causes severe developmental defects in the brain. Mettl3 conditional knockout (cKO) mice manifest cerebellar hypoplasia caused by drastically enhanced apoptosis of newborn cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) in the external granular layer (EGL). METTL3 depletion-induced loss of m6A modification causes extended RNA half-lives and aberrant splicing events, consequently leading to dysregulation of transcriptome-wide gene expression and premature CGC death. Our findings reveal a critical role of METTL3-mediated m6A in regulating the development of mammalian cerebellum.

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 9: 274, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29593754

RESUMO

Magnesium (Mg) is one of the essential nutrients for all living organisms. Plants acquire Mg from the environment and distribute within their bodies in the ionic form via Mg2+-permeable transporters. In Arabidopsis, the plasma membrane-localized magnesium transporter MGT6 mediates Mg2+ uptake under Mg-limited conditions, and therefore is important for the plant adaptation to low-Mg environment. In this study, we further assessed the physiological function of MGT6 using a knockout T-DNA insertional mutant allele. We found that MGT6 was required for normal plant growth during various developmental stages when the environmental Mg2+ was low. Interestingly, in addition to the hypersensitivity to Mg2+ limitation, mgt6 mutants displayed dramatic growth defects when external Mg2+ was in excess. Compared with wild-type plants, mgt6 mutants generally contained less Mg2+ under both low and high external Mg2+ conditions. Reciprocal grafting experiments further underpinned a role of MGT6 in a shoot-based mechanism for detoxifying excessive Mg2+ in the environment. Moreover, we found that mgt6 mgt7 double mutant showed more severe phenotypes compared with single mutants under both low- and high-Mg2+ stress conditions, suggesting that these two MGT-type transporters play an additive role in controlling plant Mg2+ homeostasis under a wide range of external Mg2+ concentrations.

16.
J Med Virol ; 90(4): 721-729, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29247529

RESUMO

Serum Mac-2-binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) level was found to be a useful prognostic marker for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients treated with nucleoside/nucleotide analogs (NUCs) therapy, and the aim of our study is to evaluate the clinical implementation of M2BPGi level in the prediction of antiviral responses to pegylated-interferon-α (PEG-IFN-α) treatment in HBeAg-positive CHB patients. Ninety-six CHB patients who received PEG-IFN-α treatment for at least 48 weeks were recruited. The serum M2BPGi, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), HBeAg, and HBV DNA levels at baseline, weeks 4, 12, and 24 after PEG-IFN-α treatment were determined and their associations with antiviral responses were evaluated and the virological response (VR) rate and serological response (SR) rate after 48 weeks of treatment were 65.6% and 35.4%, respectively. Baseline serum M2BPGi level was significantly different between VR and non-VR (P = 0.002) or SR and non-SR groups (P = 0.012). Multivariate analyses suggested that baseline serum M2BPGi level was independently associated with VR and SR of PEG-IFN-α treatment at week 48. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of baseline M2BPGi was 0.682 in predicting VR, which was superior to HBsAg (AUC = 0.566) or HBV DNA (AUC = 0.567). The AUC of baseline M2BPGi in predicting SR was 0.655, which was also higher than that of HBsAg (AUC = 0.548) or HBV DNA (AUC = 0.583). These results suggested that baseline serum M2BPGi level was a novel predictor of VR and SR for PEG-IFN-α treatment in HBeAg-positive CHB patients.

17.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 39(1): 74-84, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29022574

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose leads to severe hepatotoxicity. Osthole, a natural coumarin found in traditional Chinese medicinal herbs, has therapeutic potential in the treatment of various diseases. In this study, we investigated the effects of osthole against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Mice were administered osthole (100 mg·kg-1·d-1, ip) for 3 d, then on the fourth day APAP (300 mg/kg, ip) was co-administered with osthole. The mice were euthanized post-APAP, their serum and livers were collected for analysis. Pretreatment with osthole significantly attenuated APAP-induced hepatocyte necrosis and the increases in ALT and AST activities. Compared with the mice treated with APAP alone, osthole pretreatment significantly reduced serum MDA levels and hepatic H2O2 levels, and improved liver GSH levels and the GSSG-to-GSH ratio. Meanwhile, osthole pretreatment markedly alleviated the APAP-induced up-regulation of inflammatory cytokines in the livers, and inhibited the expression of hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes, but it increased the expression of hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) and sulfotransferases (SULTs). Furthermore, osthole pretreatment reversed APAP-induced reduction of hepatic cAMP levels, but pretreatment with H89, a potent selective PKA inhibitor, failed to abolish the beneficial effect of osthole, whereas pretreatment with L-buthionine sulfoximine, a GSH synthesis inhibitor, abrogated the protective effects of osthole on APAP-induced liver injury, and abolished osthole-caused alterations in APAP-metabolizing enzymes. In cultured murine primary hepatocytes and Raw264.7 cells, however, osthole (40 µmol/L) did not alleviate APAP-induced cell death, but it significantly suppressed APAP-caused elevation of inflammatory cytokines. Collectively, we have demonstrated that osthole exerts a preventive effect against APAP-induced hepatotoxicity by inhibiting the metabolic activation of APAP and enhancing its clearance through an antioxidation mechanism.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Cumarínicos/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Acetaminofen/administração & dosagem , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/administração & dosagem , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Cumarínicos/administração & dosagem , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Glucuronosiltransferase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Necrose/prevenção & controle , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células RAW 264.7 , Sulfotransferases/metabolismo
18.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 114(45): 11974-11979, 2017 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29078333

RESUMO

Pluripotency of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) can be functionally assessed according to the developmental potency. Tetraploid complementation, through which an entire organism is produced from the pluripotent donor cells, is taken as the most stringent test for pluripotency. It remains unclear whether ESCs of other species besides mice can pass this test. Here we show that the rat ESCs derived under 2i (two small molecule inhibitors) conditions at very early passages are able to produce fertile offspring by tetraploid complementation. However, they lose this capacity rapidly during culture due to a nearly complete loss of genomic imprinting. Our findings support that the naïve ground state pluripotency can be captured in rat ESCs but also point to the species-specific differences in its regulation and maintenance, which have implications for the derivation and application of naïve pluripotent stem cells in other species including human.


Assuntos
Embrião de Mamíferos/citologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/citologia , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes/citologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Teste de Complementação Genética , Camundongos , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos F344 , Tetraploidia
19.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 16(6): 520-528, nov. 2017. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-914913

RESUMO

Artemisia genus (family Asteraceae) has been widely used as medicines and cosmetic. The chemical compositions of essential oils extracted from five Artemisia species (A. anethoides, A. giraldii, A. roxburghiana, A. rubripes and A. sacrorum) were analyzed and the repellent activities of five essential oils were investigated by testing percent repellency (PR) in petri dish against Tribolium castaneum. By GC-MS analysis, the common components of the five essential oils were eucalyptol (11.09%-50.05%), camphor (6.28%-33.10%), terpinen- 4-ol (2.46%-12.41%), ß-caryophyllene (0.63%-10.68%) and germacrene D (2.28%-10.01%). 3,3,6-trimethyl-1,4-heptadien-6-ol (11.72%), 2-isopropyl-5-methyl-3-cyclohexen-1-one (24.80%) and ß-farnesene (12.23%) were the characteristic compounds in essential oils of A. sacrorum, A. anethoides and A. rubripes respectively. The essential oils of five plants showed repellent activity against T. castaneum. The PR of others four essential oils were comparable with DEET expect for A. sacrorum. The results indicated that the essential oils of A. anethoides, A. giraldii, A. roxburghiana and A. rubripes had the potential to be developed as repellent for control of T. castaneum.


El género Artemisia (familia Asteraceae) ha sido ampliamente utilizado como medicamentos y cosméticos. Se analizaron las composiciones químicas de los aceites esenciales extraídos de cinco especies de Artemisia (A. anethoides, A. giraldii, A. roxburghiana, A. rubripes y A. sacrorum) y se investigaron las actividades repelentes de cinco aceites esenciales mediante la prueba de repelencia porcentual (PR) en placa de petri contra Tribolium castaneum. Por análisis GC-MS, los componentes comunes de los cinco aceites esenciales fueron eucaliptol (11,09% -50,05%), alcanfor (6,28% -33,10%), terpinen-4-ol (2,46% -12,41%), ß-cariofileno 0,63% -10,68%) y germacrén D (2,28% -10,01%). 3,3,6-trimetil-1,4-heptadien-6-ol (11,72%), 2-isopropil-5-metil-3-ciclohexen-1-ona (24,80%) y ß-farneseno (12,23%). Los compuestos característicos en los aceites esenciales de A. sacrorum, A. anethoides y A. rubripes respectivamente. Los aceites esenciales de cinco plantas mostraron actividad repelente contra T. castaneum. El PR de otros cuatro aceites esenciales eran comparables con DEET esperado para A. sacrorum. Los resultados indicaron que los aceites esenciales de A. anethoides, A. giraldii, A. roxburghiana y A. rubripes tienen el potencial de ser desarrollados como repelentes para el control de T. castaneum.


Assuntos
Animais , Artemisia/química , Repelentes de Insetos/farmacologia , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Tribolium/efeitos dos fármacos , Asteraceae/química , Besouros/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Óleos Voláteis/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Terpenos/análise
20.
BMC Cancer ; 17(1): 582, 2017 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28851315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Using propensity score matching method (PSM) to evaluate the feasibility and clinical outcomes of simultaneous modulated accelerated radiation therapy (SMART) using helical tomotherapy (HT) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: Between August 2007 and January 2016, 381 newly diagnosed NPC patients using HT were enrolled in pre-PSM cohort, including 161 cases in a prospective phase II study (P67.5 study, with a prescription dose of 67.5Gy in 30 fractions to the primary tumour and positive lymph nodes) and 220 cases in a retrospective study (P70 study, with a prescription dose of 70Gy in 33 fractions to the primary tumour and positive lymph nodes). Acute and late toxicities were assessed according to the established RTOG/EORTC criteria and Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) V 3.0. Survival rate were assessed with Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test and Cox regression. RESULTS: After matching, 148 sub-pairs of 296 patients were generated in post-PSM cohort. The incidence of grade 3-4 leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and anemia in the P67.5 group was significantly higher than in the P70 study, but no significant different was found in other acute toxicities or late toxicities between the two groups. The median follow-up was 33 months in the P67.5 and P70 group, ranging 12-54 months and 6-58 months, respectively. No significant differences in 3-year local-regional recurrence free survival (LRRFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were observed between the 2 groups. Univariate analysis showed that age, T stage, clinical stage were the main factors effecting survival. Cox proportional hazards model showed that 67.5Gy/30F pattern seemed superior in 3-year OS (HR = 0.476, 95% CI: 0.236-0.957). CONCLUSIONS: Through increasing fraction dose and shortening treatment time, the P67.5 study achieved excellent short-term outcomes and potential clinical benefits, with acceptable acute and late toxicities. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered at Chinese Clinical Trial Registry on 5 July 2014 with a registration code of ChiCTRONC-14,004,895.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/radioterapia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/radioterapia , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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