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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 472-482, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340034

RESUMO

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has possession of a layered structure and high theoretical capacity, which is a candidate anode material for sodium ion batteries. However, unmodified MoS2 are inflicted with a poor cycling stability and an inferior rate capability upon charge/discharge processes. Considering that the shape and size of anode materials play a key role in the performance of anode materials, this paper proposes a multi-level composite structure formed by the micro-nano materials based on self-assembled molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanoflowers, Mxene and hollow carbonized kapok fiber (CKF). The micro-nano materials can be connected to form heterojunction and agglomeration can be avoided. The load bearing of heterostructure and stress release of CKF are coordinated to form a double protection mechanism, which improves the conductivity and structural stability of hybrid materials. Based on the above advantages, it has higher specific capacity than pure MoS2, and has better rate performance (639.3, 409.5, 386.2, 372, 338, 422.8 and 434.7 mAh g-1 at the current density of 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1 ,0.1 and 0.05 A·g-1, respectively). The stress-modulated strategies can provide new insights for the design and construction of transition metal sulfides heterostructures to achieve high performance sodium ion batteries.

3.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34617297

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Whether maintenance therapy with bevacizumab (Bev) + pemetrexed (Pem) can achieve greater clinical benefits than Bev or Pem alone for stage IIIB/IV nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear. We assessed the antitumour effect and toxicity of maintenance Bev+Pem versus maintenance with single-agent Bev/Pem in this meta-analysis. METHODS: Appropriate randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were screened using electronic databases (Google Scholar, PubMed, Embase, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane and Web of Science). The endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and adverse events (AEs). RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: We included six RCTs that contained 2,447 patients receiving induction therapy with platinum-based combination therapies. The maintenance therapy Bev+Pem group had prolonged PFS (HR = 0.74, 95% CI 0.69-0.80, p < 0.00001) and OS (HR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.83-0.99, p = 0.02) compared with the Bev/Pem group. Moreover, we further analysed the PFS rate (PFSR) and OS rate (OSR) and found that the Bev+Pem group exhibited improved PFSR-0.5y, PFSR-1y, PFSR-1.5y, PFSR-2y and OS-2y, with preferable trends in OS-1y, OS-3y and OS-4y compared with the Bev/Pem single-agent maintenance therapy. In addition, subgroup analyses indicated that the Bev+Pem group had greater PFS and OS among patients aged <65 years, patients with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of 0, and patients who never smoked. Regarding adverse events (AEs), the Bev+Pem group exhibited an increased occurrence of anaemia, fatigue, thrombocytopenia and anorexia. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: For stage IIIB/IV nonsquamous NSCLC patients, maintenance therapy with Bev+Pem offers an increased survival outcome (PFS, OS) compared with monotherapy. However, the increased incidence of AEs should not be neglected.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639254

RESUMO

Social work and public health have always shared a common mission and vision in promoting human health. However, existing research tends to view social work and public health as two separate fields at both practice and policy levels, and these studies have largely neglected the consideration of how to integrate public health and social work. In the context of the COVID-19 epidemic, the link between the two has been strengthened and health social work has been given more importance. The question addressed in this article is through what mechanisms or practices the social work profession can strengthen its professional status and engage in interprofessional collaboration. Based on key informant interviews and case studies (one community and two cabin Hospitals), this study points out that three legitimacy mechanisms are needed: operationalizing policy, extending value, and completing justification. Furthermore, the future and possible limitations in relation to the development of health social work in China are discussed and specific recommendations are provided. Health social work needs to conduct practices and summarize its experiences and methods, to create a more friendly political environment by translating its results into policies that are conducive to the development of health social work through a political agenda. It needs to improve upon its practical abilities and methodologies, as well as professional education relating to professional values and ethics, in addition to identifying the deeper social needs of residents and discovering new, undeveloped areas of service. Moreover, because long-term change is difficult to justify due to China's policy agendas, the question of whether the professional status of health social work in the post-epidemic context can be improved is something that needs to be further explored in future studies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Saúde Pública , China , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Serviço Social
5.
Environ Res ; : 112228, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34662574

RESUMO

Microalgal-bacterial symbiosis (MABS) system treating wastewater has attracted great concern because of its advantages of carbon dioxide reduction and biomass energy production. However, due to the low density and negative surface charge of microalgae cells, the sedimentation and harvesting performance of microalgae biomass has been one limitation for the application of MABS system on wastewater treatment. This study investigated the performance enhancement of microalgae harvesting and wastewater treatment contributed by calcium ions (i.e., Ca2+) in the MABS system. Results showed that a low Ca2+ loading (i.e., 0.1 mM) promoted both COD and nutrients removal, with growth rates of 11.95, 6.53 and 1.21% for COD, TN and TP compared to control, and chlorophyll a was increased by 64.15%. Differently, a high Ca2+ loading (i.e., 10 mM) caused removal reductions by improving the aggregation of microalgae, with reduction rates of 34.82, 3.50 and 10.30% for COD, NH4+-N and TP. Mechanism analysis indicated that redundant Ca2+ adsorbed on MABS aggregates and dissolved in wastewater decreased the dispersibility of microalgae cells by electrical neutralization and compressed double electric layer. Moreover, the presence of Ca2+ could improve extracellular secretions and promoted flocculation performance, with particle size increasing by 336.22%. The findings of this study may provide some solutions for the enhanced microalgae biomass harvest and nutrients removal from wastewater.

6.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499868

RESUMO

Multiple distinct types of skeletal progenitors have been shown to contribute to endochondral bone development and maintenance. However, the division of labor and hierarchical relationship between different progenitor populations remain undetermined. Here we developed dual-recombinase fate-mapping systems to capture the skeletal progenitor transition during postnatal bone formation. We showed that postnatal osteoblasts arose primarily from chondrocytes before adolescence and from Lepr+ bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) after adolescence. This transition occurred in the diaphysis during adolescence and progressively spread to the metaphysis. The osteoblast-forming Lepr+ BMSCs derived primarily from fetal Col2+ cells. Conditional deletion of Runx2 from perinatal chondrocytes and adult Lepr+ BMSCs impaired bone lengthening and thickening, respectively. Forced running increased osteoblast formation by perinatal chondrocytes but not by adult Lepr+ BMSCs. Thus, the short-term developmental skeletal progenitors generated the long-term adult skeletal progenitors. They sequentially control the growth and maintenance of endochondral bones.

7.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498800

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a significant role in pathological processes including tumorigenesis. In contrast to exonic circRNAs, which are the most frequently reported circRNAs in cancer so far, the studies of intronic circRNAs have been greatly lagged behind. Here, we aimed to investigate the regulatory role of intronic circRNAs in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: We conducted whole-transcriptome sequencing with four pairs of primary tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues from HNSCC patients. Then, we characterized circGNG7 expression in HNSCC tissues and cell lines and explored its association with the prognosis of HNSCC patients. We also identified interactions between circGNG7 and functional proteins, which alter downstream signaling that regulate HNSCC progression. RESULTS: In this study, we identified a new intronic circRNA, circGNG7, and validated its functional roles in HNSCC progression. CircGNG7 was predominately localized to the cytoplasm, and its expression was downregulated in both HNSCC tissues andCAL27, CAL33, SCC4, SCC9, HN6, and HN30 cells. Low expression of circGNG7 was significantly correlated with poor prognosis in HNSCC patients. Consistent with this finding, overexpression of circGNG7 strongly inhibited tumor cell proliferation, colony formation, in vitro migration, and in vivo tumor growth. Mechanistically, the expression of circGNG7 in HNSCC cells was regulated by the transcription factor SMAD family member 4 (SMAD4). Importantly, we discovered that circGNG7 could bind to serine residues 78 and 82 of the functional heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), occupying its phosphorylation sites and hindering its phosphorylation, which reduced HSP27-JNK/P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) oncogenic signaling. Downregulation of circGNG7 expression in HNSCC increased HSP27-JNK/P38 MAPK signaling and promoted tumor progression. CONCLUSIONS: Our results revealed that a new intronic circRNA, circGNG7, functions as a strong tumor suppressor and that circGNG7/HSP27-JNK/P38 MAPK signaling is a novel mechanism by which HNSCC progression can be controlled.

8.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2021: 1562502, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527073

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze the characteristics of hyperdense lesions on brain CT conducted immediately after arterial revascularization (AR) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), track the outcome of those lesions and investigate their clinical significance. Materials and Methods: 97 AIS patients were enrolled in our study. Among them, 52 patients showed hyperdense lesions and were divided into three categories: type I, type II and type III according to the morphologic characteristics of hyperdense lesions. All patients underwent several follow-up CT/MR examinations to visualize the outcomes of the lesions. Results: Among the 52 patients, 22 showed contrast extravasation, 23 displayed contrast extravasation combined with hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and 7 confirmed symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) in follow-up CT/MR. Among the without hyperdense lesions group, only 7 converted to hemorrhage, and no SICH occurred. All type I lesions showed contrast extravasation; 23 type II lesions turned to hemorrhage, 2 revealed SICH and 6 were pure contrast extravasation; all of the type III developed into SICH. Conclusion: Hyperdense lesions on non-enhanced brain CT obtained immediately after arterial revascularization (AR) exhibited varying features. Type I indicated a pure contrast extravasation. Type II and type III hyperdense lesions suggested higher incidence of HT, the presence of type III lesions indicated an ominous outcome.

9.
Microb Cell Fact ; 20(1): 182, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ß-amylase (EC 3.2.1.2) is an exo-enzyme that shows high specificity for cleaving the α-1,4-glucosidic linkage of starch from the non-reducing end, thereby liberating maltose. In this study, we heterologously expressed and characterized a novel ß-amylase from Bacillus aryabhattai. RESULTS: The amino acid-sequence alignment showed that the enzyme shared the highest sequence identity with ß-amylase from Bacillus flexus (80.73%) followed by Bacillus cereus (71.38%). Structural comparison revealed the existence of an additional starch-binding domain (SBD) at the C-terminus of B. aryabhattai ß-amylase, which is notably different from plant ß-amylases. The recombinant enzyme purified 4.7-fold to homogeneity, with a molecular weight of ~ 57.6 kDa and maximal activity at pH 6.5 and 50 °C. Notably, the enzyme exhibited the highest specific activity (3798.9 U/mg) among reported mesothermal microbial ß-amylases and the highest specificity for soluble starch, followed by corn starch. Kinetic analysis showed that the Km and kcat values were 9.9 mg/mL and 116961.1 s- 1, respectively. The optimal reaction conditions to produce maltose from starch resulted in a maximal yield of 87.0%. Moreover, molecular docking suggested that B. aryabhattai ß-amylase could efficiently recognize and hydrolyze maltotetraose substrate. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggested that B. aryabhattai ß-amylase could be a potential candidate for use in the industrial production of maltose from starch.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574489

RESUMO

Ethnic stereotypes are cognitive markers that are formed and modified because of intercultural contact with a new cultural group. There is now much empirical evidence that explicates how stereotypes of ethnic groups can impact individuals' acculturation experiences. However, what is unknown is how previously nonexistent ethnic beliefs are formed as a result of contact with the local culture. One hundred and seventy-four (N = 174) overseas Chinese construction workers were contacted through the Chinese Consulate in Montenegro and agreed to participate in the present study. The online questionnaire asked workers to describe Montenegrin majority members in terms of five characteristics. These traits formed the stereotype markers that were classified as positive, neutral, or negative. Sojourners also answered questions that measured perceived cultural distance, social exclusion, knowledge of Montenegrin culture, feelings of social exclusion, and their sociocultural adaptation. Results show that both positive and negative stereotypes are correlated with less social exclusion and better socio-cultural adaptation. Perceived cultural distance, knowledge of host culture and length of stay was mediated by stereotypes on adaptation outcomes. Interestingly longer sojourn did not lessen the type of stereotype, nor did it reduce cultural distance. Contribution to the stereotype literature and practical understanding of how Chinese sojourners see majority members will be discussed.

11.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545410

RESUMO

Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) caused avian colibacillosis is mostly common in poultry industry worldwide. APEC virulence factors lead to pathogenesis and the quorum sensing (QS) system is actively involved in the regulation of these virulence factors. Signaling molecules in QS are known as autoinducers (AIs). In QS-1, E. coli encodes a single LuxR homolog, i.e., SdiA, but does not express the LuxI homolog, an acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL) synthase of producing AI-1. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) regulates its virulence genes expression in response to exogenous AHLs, but regulatory mechanisms of AHL and QS-1 are still unknown. This study targeted the APEC CE129 isolate as the reference strain, and the Yersinia enterocolitica yenI gene was expressed into APEC CE129. CE129/pyenI was conferred the ability to produce AHL signal. The CE129 SdiA mutant strain with an in-frame sdiA (AHL receptor) gene deletion was constructed by a λRed recombination system, which lost the ability to sense AHL. The goal of this study was to explore the function of QS-1 upon virulence and elucidate the regulatory effect of QS-1/AHL signals in the APEC strain. Adherence and invasion assays revealed that QS-1 affected APEC adherence and survival ability. APEC biofilm formation was also suppressed under C6HSL. Interestingly, APEC exhibited different phenotypes of acid tolerance and flagella expression when compared to enterotoxigenic E. coli or enterohemorrhagic E. coli (ETEC and EHEC, respectively). These findings enhance our understanding of the QS mechanism.

12.
Radiother Oncol ; 164: 83-91, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34571091

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Among oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients who receive docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil (TPF) induction chemotherapy, those with a favorable pathological response tend to obtain satisfactory clinical outcomes, while the total population exhibit no survival benefit. Thus, there is an urgent need to improve the therapeutic effect of TPF by applying personalized treatment according to distinct biomarkers. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In the present study, we collected oral rinse samples from 44 OSCC patients enrolled in our prospective multicenter random phase II trial before TPF induction chemotherapy to conduct 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metagenomic analysis. Patients were administrated with two cycles of TPF induction chemotherapy (75 mg/m2 cisplatin and 75 mg/m2 docetaxel on day 1 and 750 mg/m2 fluorouracil from the first to the fifth day), and then divided into responsive and nonresponsive groups according to the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. RESULTS: In the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, Fusobacterium and Mycoplasma were more enriched in the nonresponsive group, while Slackia was more enriched in the responder group at the genus level. In the metagenomic shotgun sequencing analysis, Fusobacterium nucleatum was more enriched in the nonresponsive group. Functional analysis showed that the platinum drug resistance pathway and microRNAs in cancer and RNA degradation pathways were remarkably associated with patient sensitivity to induction chemotherapy. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the oral microbiome may play an important role in the OSCC patient sensitivity to TPF induction chemotherapy and offer novel potential biomarkers for predicting the response to TPF induction chemotherapy.

13.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(7)2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359368

RESUMO

The detection and monitoring of biomarkers in body fluids has been used to improve human healthcare activities for decades. In recent years, researchers have focused their attention on applying the point-of-care (POC) strategies into biomarker detection. The evolution of mobile technologies has allowed researchers to develop numerous portable medical devices that aim to deliver comparable results to clinical measurements. Among these, optical-based detection methods have been considered as one of the common and efficient ways to detect and monitor the presence of biomarkers in bodily fluids, and emerging aggregation-induced emission luminogens (AIEgens) with their distinct features are merging with portable medical devices. In this review, the detection methodologies that use optical measurements in the POC systems for the detection and monitoring of biomarkers in bodily fluids are compared, including colorimetry, fluorescence and chemiluminescence measurements. The current portable technologies, with or without the use of smartphones in device development, that are combined with optical biosensors for the detection and monitoring of biomarkers in body fluids, are also investigated. The review also discusses novel AIEgens used in the portable systems for the detection and monitoring of biomarkers in body fluid. Finally, the potential of future developments and the use of optical detection-based portable devices in healthcare activities are explored.

14.
Molecules ; 26(16)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34443551

RESUMO

Hot-melt extrusion (HME) has great advantages for the preparation of solid dispersion (SD), for instance, it does not require any organic solvents. Nevertheless, its application to high-melting-point and thermosensitive drugs has been rarely reported. In this study, thermally unstable curcumin (Cur) was used as a drug model. The HME process was systematically studied by adjusting the gradient temperature mode and residence time, with the content, crystallinity and dissolution of Cur as the investigated factors. The effects of barrel temperature, screw speed and cooling rate on HME were also examined. Solubility parameters and the Flory-Huggins method were used to evaluate the miscibility between Cur and carriers. Differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, equilibrium solubility and in vitro and in vivo experiments were used to characterize and evaluate the results. An amorphous Cur SD was successfully obtained, increasing the solubility and release of Cur. In the optimal process, the mass ratio of Cur to Eudragit® E PO (EPO) was 1:4 and the barrel temperature was set at a gradient heating mode (130 °C-135 °C-140 °C-145 °C-150 °C-155 °C-160 °C) at 100 rpm. Related pharmacokinetic test results also showed the improved bioavailability of the drug in rats. In a pharmacodynamic analysis of Sprague-Dawley rats, the Cmax and the bioavailability of the Cur-EPO SD were 2.6 and 1.5 times higher than those of Cur, respectively. The preparation of the amorphous SD not only provided more solubility but also improved the bioavailability of Cur, which provides an effective way to improve the bioavailability of BCS II drugs.


Assuntos
Curcumina/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Temperatura Alta , Ácidos Polimetacrílicos/química , Disponibilidade Biológica , Curcumina/farmacocinética , Transição de Fase
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34379138

RESUMO

The main aim of this work was to develop a magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer (MMIP)-based quantum dots electrochemiluminescent (ECL) probe for the ultrasensitive and highly selective detection of bisphenol A (BPA). The prepared core-shell Fe3O4@SiO2 exhibited superparamagnetic properties, making them easy to separate. The MIP was fabricated by the self-polymerization of dopamine on the surface of amine-terminated Fe3O4@SiO2 (Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2) magnetic nanoparticles and doped with quantum dots (QDs) to form an ECL system. The ECL intensity decrease with the concentration of BPA increased, due to the BPA molecules occupied molecularly imprinted sites and blocked the strong ECL emission of QDs. The prepared ECL sensor performed satisfactorily in the detection of BPA, with a wide linear range from 10- 4 to 10- 9 mol L- 1 and a low detection limit of 3.4 × 10- 10 mol L- 1 (S/N = 3). The recoveries of BPA achieved were in the range 96%-107% in the detection of actual water samples. The proposed ECL sensor displayed high sensitivity and stability, and may provide an approach for determining other important analytes.

16.
N Engl J Med ; 385(12): 1067-1077, 2021 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34459569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salt substitutes with reduced sodium levels and increased potassium levels have been shown to lower blood pressure, but their effects on cardiovascular and safety outcomes are uncertain. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, cluster-randomized trial involving persons from 600 villages in rural China. The participants had a history of stroke or were 60 years of age or older and had high blood pressure. The villages were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to the intervention group, in which the participants used a salt substitute (75% sodium chloride and 25% potassium chloride by mass), or to the control group, in which the participants continued to use regular salt (100% sodium chloride). The primary outcome was stroke, the secondary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events and death from any cause, and the safety outcome was clinical hyperkalemia. RESULTS: A total of 20,995 persons were enrolled in the trial. The mean age of the participants was 65.4 years, and 49.5% were female, 72.6% had a history of stroke, and 88.4% a history of hypertension. The mean duration of follow-up was 4.74 years. The rate of stroke was lower with the salt substitute than with regular salt (29.14 events vs. 33.65 events per 1000 person-years; rate ratio, 0.86; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77 to 0.96; P = 0.006), as were the rates of major cardiovascular events (49.09 events vs. 56.29 events per 1000 person-years; rate ratio, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.80 to 0.94; P<0.001) and death (39.28 events vs. 44.61 events per 1000 person-years; rate ratio, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.82 to 0.95; P<0.001). The rate of serious adverse events attributed to hyperkalemia was not significantly higher with the salt substitute than with regular salt (3.35 events vs. 3.30 events per 1000 person-years; rate ratio, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.80 to 1.37; P = 0.76). CONCLUSIONS: Among persons who had a history of stroke or were 60 years of age or older and had high blood pressure, the rates of stroke, major cardiovascular events, and death from any cause were lower with the salt substitute than with regular salt. (Funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia; SSaSS ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02092090.).


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Dieta Hipossódica , Hipertensão/dietoterapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , China , Dieta Hipossódica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperpotassemia/complicações , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Potássio na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Prevenção Secundária , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
17.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 604: 894-902, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34311264

RESUMO

Committed to improving the utilization efficiency of Pt atoms and accurately controlling the morphology and composition of nanocatalysts to boost the Pt-based catalyst performance has become the focus of research. Herein, the PtRhNi truncated triangular nanoflakes (TA-NFs) catalyst with a unique PtRh-rich surface structure was successfully prepared by an effective one-pot synthetic method based on the galvanic replace reaction. The freestanding 2D nanostructure of PtRhNi TA-NFs, intrinsically possessing much high specific surface area and surface atomic, and the PtRh-rich characteristics of the surface is undoubtedly the most feasible model to simultaneously achieve high atom utilization. Benefiting from this novel structure, the as-obtained PtRhNi TA-NFs nanocatalyst exhibits excellent performance for ORR and MOR, delivering a mass activity of 0.92 A mgpt-1 for ORR, which is 2.03, 1.64, and 6.9-fold higher than that of PtRhNi nanoparticls (NPs), PtNi truncated triangle nanoflakes (TA-NFs) and commercial Pt/C, respectively. In addition, after 20 k cycles ADT test, PtRhNi TA-NFs show only 10 mV negative shift of half-wave potential and retain 70% of initial value of mass activity. Furthermore, a mass activity is 1.28 A mgpt-1 is achieved after applying this unique nanocatalyst for MOR, which is 1.28,1.5, and 2.6 times higher than that of PtRhNi NPs, PtNi TA-NFs and Pt/C, respectively. Impressively, the PtRhNi TA-NFs nanocatalyst shows an ultrahigh stability even after 2 k cycles ADT measurement in acid solution, and the mass activity is only drop 2% of initial value. This work provides a new strategy to synthesis high-performance of bifunction Pt-based electrocatalyst for ORR and MOR fuel cells.

18.
BMJ Open ; 11(7): e045929, 2021 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285006

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Reducing dietary salt consumption is a potentially cost-effective way to reduce blood pressure and the burden of CVD. To date, economic evidence has focused on sodium reduction in food industry or processed food with blood pressure as the primary outcome. This study protocol describes the planned within-trial economic evaluation of a low-sodium salt substitute intervention designed to reduce the risk of stroke in China. METHODS AND ANALYSES: The economic evaluation will be conducted alongside the Salt Substitute and Stroke Study: a 5-year large scale, cluster randomised controlled trial. The outcomes of interest are quality of life measured using the EuroQol-5-Dimensions and major adverse cardiovascular events. Costs will be estimated from a healthcare system perspective and will be sought from the routinely collected data available within the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme. Cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses will be conducted, resulting in the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio expressed as cost per cardiovascular event averted and cost per quality-adjusted life year gained, respectively. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The trial received ethics approval from the University of Sydney Ethics Committee (2013/888) and Peking University Institutional Review Board (IRB00001052-13069). Informed consent was obtained from each study participant. Findings of the economic evaluation will be published in a peer-reviewed journal and presented at international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov Registry (NCT02092090).


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , China , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
19.
Molecules ; 26(14)2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299548

RESUMO

Protein folding is important for protein homeostasis/proteostasis in the human body. We have established the ability to manipulate protein unfolding/refolding for ß-lactoglobulin using the induced mechanical energy in the thin film microfluidic vortex fluidic device (VFD) with monitoring as such using an aggregation-induced emission luminogen (AIEgen), TPE-MI. When denaturant (guanidine hydrochloride) is present with ß-lactoglobulin, the VFD accelerates the denaturation reaction in a controlled way. Conversely, rapid renaturation of the unfolded protein occurs in the VFD in the absence of the denaturant. The novel TPE-MI reacts with exposed cysteine thiol when the protein unfolds, as established with an increase in fluorescence intensity. TPE-MI provides an easy and accurate way to monitor the protein folding, with comparable results established using conventional circular dichroism. The controlled VFD-mediated protein folding coupled with in situ bioprobe AIEgen monitoring is a viable methodology for studying the denaturing of proteins.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Proteínas/química , Dicroísmo Circular/métodos , Cisteína/química , Guanidina/química , Humanos , Cinética , Lactoglobulinas/química , Conformação Proteica , Desnaturação Proteica , Dobramento de Proteína , Redobramento de Proteína , Desdobramento de Proteína , Proteostase/fisiologia , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(7): 3198-3205, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34212645

RESUMO

According to a spatial distribution analysis of phosphorus in sediments from Honghu Wetland, it was found that TP content in sediments at the mouth of Honghu Lake was 781.31-1955.84 mg·kg-1 and the average value was(1287.21±437.28)mg·kg-1. TP content in sediments in the open water area was 438.33-1554.04 mg·kg-1, with an average value of(718.10±238.15)mg·kg-1. The TP content of sediments in lake inlet was significantly higher than that of sediments in the open water area(P<0.05), and that in the enclosed aquaculture was higher than in the open water area, although no significant difference was observed (P>0.05). The TP content of sediments to the northwest and northeast of Honghu Lake was higher than that to the southwest of Honghu Lake, and the TP content of sediments in The Four-lake main canal was significantly higher than that of Luoshan main canal(P<0.05). The phosphorus input in the Four-lake main canal may be the main source of phosphorus in Honghu Lake sediments. The phosphorus fraction composition in sediments from different sampling sites were significantly different. Fe/Al-P and Ca-P were the main forms of phosphorus in sediments from the lake inlet, while OP and Ca-P were the main forms of phosphorus in sediments from the open water area. The variation in spatial phosphorus form composition was related to the influence of human activity and the distribution of aquatic plants. Fe/Al-P and OP contents were used to estimate the content of biological available phosphorus (BAP) in evaluated sediments, and the proportion of BAP in TP was used to estimate the risk of phosphorus release in Honghu sediments. BAP/TP was 39.8%-69%, with an average of(56.5±7.23)%, indicating a high risk of phosphorus release. OP and BAP were significantly correlated with TP in overlying water(P<0.01), and the correlation between BAP and phosphate in the overlying water was the highest. The results showed that phosphorus concentration in the overlying water may be related to the release of Fe/Al-P and OP into water bodies.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Lagos , Fósforo/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Áreas Alagadas
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