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1.
Behav Brain Res ; 437: 114133, 2023 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179805

RESUMO

The incomplete understanding of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI)-related cognitive impairment in the acute stage and the low cognitive needs of patients in the later stage might be the main reasons for the neglect of clinical symptoms in patients with MTBI. Patients often experience attention deficits; however, it is unclear whether these patients suffer from general deficits or selective impairment of the brain attention network. Therefore, we investigated deficits in the attention function of patients with mild brain traumatic injury. Patients (n = 50) and matched healthy controls (n = 49) completed a general neuropsychological background test and the Attention Network Test, which provided an independent assessment of the three attention networks (alerting, orienting, and executive control). We found that patients had significant deficits in the orienting network but none in the alerting and executive control networks. Furthermore, patients' cognitive task scores in attention, memory, and information processing tasks were significantly lower than the scores of the controls. Our results demonstrated that patients with MTBI had selective impairment in the orienting network and extensive cognitive impairments, including those related to general attention, memory, and information processing speed.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica , Humanos , Concussão Encefálica/complicações , Tempo de Reação , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Função Executiva , Cognição
2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 301(Pt B): 120356, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446513

RESUMO

Adsorbents with high adsorption capacity, sustainability, and reusability are desired in wastewater treatments. Herein, covalently crosslinked microporous cryogels with efficient removal of cationic dyes are fabricated by freezing radical copolymerization using methacrylated alginate (AlgMA) and sodium p-styrenesulfonate (NaSS). The chemical structure, morphology, and thermal stability of the AlgMA/PNaSS cryogels are characterized. Compared with the AlgMA/PNaSS hydrogels with the same chemical composition fabricated by thermal-initiated polymerization, the cryogels show higher adsorption of methylene blue. The AlgMA/PNaSS (with a mass ratio of 1:2) possesses the maximum adsorption capacity for MB with 2300 mg/g under alkaline condition. In addition, the adsorption process of AlgMA/PNaSS cryogels fits the pseudo-second order model and Freundlich model, respectively. The AlgMA/PNaSS cryogels also reveal selective adsorption capacity and reusability after regeneration, which own unchanged corrected adsorption capacity during five adsorption-desorption cycles. The AlgMA/PNaSS cryogels show great potential for use in wastewater treatments and intelligent separation.


Assuntos
Criogéis , Azul de Metileno , Sódio , Alginatos , Águas Residuárias , Íons , Poli A
3.
Bioorg Chem ; 130: 106259, 2023 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36375351

RESUMO

Natural products have been an important database for anti-cancer drug development. However, low water solubility and poor biocompatibility limit the efficacy of natural products. Carbon dots (CDs), as an emerging 0D material, have unique properties in bioimaging, water solubility and biocompatibility. Here, we prepared three pentacyclic triterpenoids (PTs) included glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), ursolic acid (UA) and oleanolic acid (OA), which have anticancer activity but poor water solubility, as raw materials into CDs to improve disadvantages. Our data indicated that the active surface groups of all three CDs were largely preserved and were able to excite green fluorescence. Their carboxyl edges not only exhibited excellent water solubility, but also specifically targeted tumor cell mitochondria due to high sensitivity to ROS-induced damage and high internal oxidative stress. In cancer cells, the PT-CDs induced cell death through three pathways (apoptosis, ferroptosis, and autophagy), which is essentially the same way their raw materials induce death, but the effect was much stronger than raw materials. Notably, functionalized PT-CDs also exhibited extremely low toxicity. In summary, PT-CDs not only have improved water solubility and biocompatibility, but also retain the structure of their raw materials well and exert better efficacy, which provides new ideas for the development of anti-cancer natural product drugs.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Ferroptose , Neoplasias , Triterpenos , Humanos , Carbono/farmacologia , Carbono/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/química , Apoptose , Mitocôndrias , Autofagia , Água
4.
Oncol Rep ; 49(1)2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36453240

RESUMO

Microcystin­leucine arginine (MC­LR) is an environmental toxin produced by cyanobacteria and is considered to be a potent carcinogen. However, to the best of our knowledge, the effect of MC­LR on colorectal cancer (CRC) cell proliferation has never been studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of MC­LR on CRC cell proliferation and the underlying mechanisms. Firstly, a Cell Counting Kit­8 (CCK­8) assay was conducted to determine cell viability at different concentrations, and 50 nM MC­LR was chosen for further study. Subsequently, a longer CCK­8 assay and a cell colony formation assay showed that MC­LR promoted SW620 and HT29 cell proliferation. Furthermore, western blotting analysis showed that MC­LR significantly upregulated protein expression of PI3K, p­Akt (Ser473), p­GSK3ß (Ser9), ß­catenin, c­myc and cyclin D1, suggesting that MC­LR activated the PI3K/Akt and Wnt/ß­catenin pathways in SW620 and HT29 cells. Finally, the pathway inhibitors LY294002 and ICG001 were used to validate the role of the PI3K/Akt and Wnt/ß­catenin pathways in MC­LR­accelerated cell proliferation. The results revealed that MC­LR activated Wnt/ß­catenin through the PI3K/Akt pathway to promote cell proliferation. Taken together, these data showed that MC­LR promoted CRC cell proliferation by activating the PI3K/Akt/Wnt/ß­catenin pathway. The present study provided a novel insight into the toxicological mechanism of MC­LR.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , beta Catenina , Humanos , Leucina/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Microcistinas/toxicidade , Arginina , Sincalida , Proliferação de Células , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases
5.
Chin Chem Lett ; 34(1): 107701, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35911611

RESUMO

The SARS­CoV­2 virus is released from an infectious source (such as a sick person) and adsorbed on aerosols, which can form pathogenic microorganism aerosols, which can affect human health through airborne transmission. Efficient sampling and accurate detection of microorganisms in aerosols are the premise and basis for studying their properties and evaluating their hazard. In this study, we built a set of sub-micron aerosol detection platform, and carried out a simulation experiment on the SARS­CoV­2 aerosol in the air by wet-wall cyclone combined with immunomagnetic nanoparticle adsorption sampling and ddPCR. The feasibility of the system in aerosol detection was verified, and the influencing factors in the detection process were experimentally tested. As a result, the sampling efficiency was 29.77%, and extraction efficiency was 98.57%. The minimum detection limit per unit volume of aerosols was 250 copies (102 copies/mL, concentration factor 2.5).

6.
Chem Biodivers ; 2022 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461922

RESUMO

Coumarins and their derivatives possessed a variety of biological activities and some of coumarin-based drugs have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Alzheimer's disease (AD) has caused great losses to human society. However, due to its complex pathogenesis, the ideal therapeutic approach has not been found yet. Free radical scavenging activity which is one of the main activities of coumarin core structure is closely related to other anti-AD activities. Therefore, in this work coumarins was chosen as privileged lead compounds for the development of anti-AD drugs based on strategy of multi-target directed ligands (MTDLs). Derivatives 1-3 which could modulate multiple targets simultaneously, including ROS, cholinesterase, ß amyloid (Aß) aggregation, and metal ions were designed and for the first time synthesized. Their anti-AD activities were studied both in vitro and in silico. Results showed that 1-3 possessed potent antioxidant activities and 7-OH group did change the electron distribution of the molecule and enhance the antioxidant activities. They also have good inhibition activities on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and Aß aggregation and compound 1 had the strongest AChE inhibitory effect among the three compounds (AChE IC 50 =11.15 µM). Compound 1-3 could also selectively chelate with Cu 2+ and Al 3+ to regulate the metal homeostasis. In silico simulations, including molecular docking and prediction of ADMET performance, indicated that 1-3 could interact with target proteins and cross the blood brain barrier. In conclusion, 1-3 could be promising MTDLs applied as anti-AD candidate drugs.

7.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36459659

RESUMO

Indiscriminate usage of antibiotics has caused accelerating growth and global expansion of antimicrobial resistance. Therefore, rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) for guiding antibiotic prescription and preventing the spread of antimicrobial resistance is in urgent need. Phenotypic AST is the clinical gold standard method; however, no phenotypic AST has realized a colony-to-answer at about 1 h by utilizing the chemiluminescence sensor to detect the enzyme expressed by bacteria. Inspired by the bubble formation in the mixture of Escherichia coli and H2O2, we demonstrate a strategy based on the chemiluminescence sensor for rapid AST. Compared with the gold standard methods, the values of AUC are 0.960 for E. coli and 0.950 for Staphylococcus aureus, close to 1, indicating superb diagnostic performance as an AST method. The whole process from colonies to answer is 55 min for E. coli and 70 min for S. aureus. The chemiluminescence readout is based on the common equipment in the laboratory of the hospital, which is conducive to follow-up clinical promotion. Our sensor promises great potential in rapid AST, facilitating antimicrobial stewardship.

8.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342592

RESUMO

Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) have recently been identified to be closely related to the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis (AS). A growing body of evidence has suggested Chinese medicine takes unique advantages in preventing and treating AS. In this review, the related research progress of AS and LOX-1 has been summarized. And the anti-AS effects of 10 active components of herbal medicine through LOX-1 regulation have been further reviewed. As a potential biomarker and target for intervention in AS, LOX-1 targeted therapy might provide a promising and novel approach to atherosclerotic prevention and treatment.

9.
Folia Neuropathol ; 60(3): 355-361, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382489

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Lumbar stenosis has become a common disease. Controversies exist regarding fusion surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patients were divided into groups per the method of fusion received: the posterolateral fusion group (group P) and the intervertebral fusion group (group I). The patients were further divided into groups based on the number of fusion segments: the 2-segment group (P2 and I2), the 3-segment group (P3 and I3), and the 4-segment group (P4 and I4). The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion volume, and postoperative drainage volume were summarized. In particular, wound healing appearance and management were observed. RESULTS: The operation time and blood transfusion volume of the P2 and P3 groups were significantly less than those of the I2 and I3 groups (p < 0.05). The postoperative drainage volume of group I4 was less than that of group P4 (p < 0.05). Postoperative numeric rating scale (NRS) scores of P2 and P3 groups were lower than those of I2 and I3 groups (p < 0.05), while the NRS scores of P4 group were higher than those of I4 group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Posterolateral and intervertebral fusion techniques can be used in the surgical treatment of elderly patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. The posterolateral fusion method should be used when three or fewer segments require surgery. The intervertebral fusion method should be used when four segments require surgery.


Assuntos
Fusão Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Humanos , Idoso , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Dor , Drenagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Front Surg ; 9: 1005974, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386527

RESUMO

Background: Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) are diseases that coexist with pregnancy and hypertension. The pathogenesis of this disease is complex, and different physiological and pathological states can develop different subtypes of HDP. Objective: To investigate the predictive effects of different variable selection and modeling methods on four HDP subtypes: gestational hypertension, early-onset preeclampsia, late-onset preeclampsia, and chronic hypertension complicated with preeclampsia. Methods: This research was a retrospective study of pregnant women who attended antenatal care and labored at Beijing Maternity Hospital, Beijing Haidian District Maternal and Child Health Hospital, and Peking University People's Hospital. We extracted maternal demographic data and clinical characteristics for risk factor analysis and included gestational week as a parameter in this study. Finally, we developed a dynamic prediction model for HDP subtypes by nonlinear regression, support vector machine, stepwise regression, and Lasso regression methods. Results: The AUCs of the Lasso regression dynamic prediction model for each subtype were 0.910, 0.962, 0.859, and 0.955, respectively. The AUC of the Lasso regression dynamic prediction model was higher than those of the other three prediction models. The accuracy of the Lasso regression dynamic prediction model was above 85%, and the highest was close to 92%. For the four subgroups, the Lasso regression dynamic prediction model had the best comprehensive performance in clinical application. The placental growth factor was tested significant (P < 0.05) only in the stepwise regression dynamic prediction model for early-onset preeclampsia. Conclusion: The Lasso regression dynamic prediction model could accurately predict the risk of four HDP subtypes, which provided the appropriate guidance and basis for targeted prevention of adverse outcomes and improved clinical care.

11.
J Refract Surg ; 38(11): 708-715, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367258

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate changes in corneal curvature in different zones of the posterior corneal surface during a 6-month follow-up period after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK), femtosecond laser-assisted excimer laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK), and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). METHODS: The study included a total of 202 eyes, including 65, 77, and 60 that underwent tPRK, FS-LASIK, and SMILE, respectively. Elevation data for the posterior surface were obtained preoperatively (pre), as well as 1 week (pos1w), 1 month (pos1m), 3 months (pos3m), and 6 months (pos6m) postoperatively. Changes in posterior corneal curvature (M) were analyzed in the central (diameter: 0 to 3 mm), paracentral (diameter: 3 to 6 mm), and peripheral (diameter: 6 to 9 mm) regions. RESULTS: Over all follow-up periods, the central region of the posterior surface in all patients became flatter (P < .05), with FS-LASIK showing the largest change, whereas the paracentral and peripheral regions became steeper. The posterior curvature changes between pre and pos6m, determined before and after correction for ablated stromal depth, tended to follow similar trends in the three regions and after the three surgeries. There was also no significant correlation (P > .05) between the changes in the mean curvature (M, recorded between pre and pos6m) and each of the refractive error corrections, the changes in spherical aberration postoperatively, the optical zone diameter, ablated stromal depth, and residual stromal bed thickness in the central and peripheral regions, but the correlation was significant in the paracentral region. CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative changes in posterior corneal shape followed different trends in the central, paracentral, and peripheral regions. The FS-LASIK group exhibited the most notable changes in posterior corneal curvature, especially in the central region. These changes were statistically correlated with variations in spherical aberration, and ablated and residential stromal thickness in the paracentral region. [J Refract Surg. 2022;38(11):708-715.].


Assuntos
Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea , Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa , Ferida Cirúrgica , Humanos , Seguimentos , Miopia/cirurgia , Substância Própria/cirurgia , Acuidade Visual , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Aberrações de Frente de Onda da Córnea/cirurgia
12.
Small ; : e2205743, 2022 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36372523

RESUMO

Single-atom catalysts (SACs) are of tremendous current research due to maximized use of metal atoms and enhanced activity and selectivity for a great variety of chemical reactions. Hierarchically structured SACs have been explored to further increase the number and accessibility of active sites to realize the full potentials of SACs. However, though plausible-sounding, these supposed advantages of hierarchically structured SACs are largely untested. The assumed enhancing effects on the formation of intermediates on and the overall reaction kinetics remain largely unknown. Herein is reported a Fe-SAC with a hierarchical hollow structure (Fe/HH) that showed excellent activity in oxygen reduction reaction and proton exchange membrane fuel cell. Comparative experimental and computational studies with respect to Fe/SS-the counterpart of Fe/HH with a compact primary structure-reveal a significantly increased number of active sites and their utilization in Fe/HH as reflected by the facilitated formation of the rate-determining-step intermediate Fe-OOH*. This work thus establishes unambiguously the connection between the increased utilization of active sites and the enhanced kinetics of the electrocatalytic reduction of oxygen.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401497

RESUMO

Two near full-length genome (NFLG) sequences of HIV-1 with undefined subtypes were analyzed to confirm the recombinant characteristics. In order to analyze the gene recombination patterns and breakpoints of these two NFLGs, the phylogenetic trees based on the NFLG sequences and their subregions were constructed, respectively. Sequences 233 and 953 are novel second-generation recombinant forms of HIV-1 CRF01_AE and subtype B. The NFLG phylogenetic tree analysis showed that these two NFLG sequences formed a unique monophyletic branch, respectively. The recombination breakpoints analysis showed that the recombination pattern of both sequences was that a subtype B fragment was inserted into a CRF01_AE backbone. Subregions I, II and III were from CRF01_AE, subtype B and CRF01_AE, respectively. The recombination breakpoints relative to HXB2 of sequences 233 and 953 were 2400 and 4870, and 3363 and 4828, respectively. The emergence of novel recombinant forms of CRF01_AE/B demonstrates that we should carry out the ongoing surveillance of HIV-1 recombinant forms in sexually transmitted population.

14.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2202360, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401600

RESUMO

The low antitumor efficiency and unexpected thermo-tolerance activation of mild-temperature photothermal therapy (mPTT) severely impede the therapeutic efficacy, thereby the implementation of reasonable mPTT procedure to improve antitumor efficiency is of great significance for clinical transformation. Herein, we demonstrate a rhythm mPTT with organic photothermal nanoparticles (PBDB-T NPs), synergistically increasing tumor elimination and intense immunogenic cancer cell death (ICD) to elicit tumor-specific immune responses for tumor treatment. Specifically, PBDB-T NPs are characterized by favorable biocompatibility, excellent and controllable photothermal properties, exhibit the properties of noninvasive diagnostic imaging, and effective mPTT against oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Encouragingly, a temperature-dependent release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) is discovered during the mPTT-induced-ICD. Meanwhile, orchestrated rhythm mPTT referring to radiotherapy procedure amplifies and balances antitumor efficiency and abundant DAMPs generation to gain optimal immune activation within clinical-recommended hyperthermia temperature compared with conventional PTT. The in vitro and in vivo results show that the rhythm mPTT united the killing effect and ICD induction, generating strong mPTT efficacy and active tumor-specific adaptive immune responses. Our study offers a promising strategy and a new opportunity for the clinical application of mPTT. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

15.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 1251, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36380187

RESUMO

Alterations of serine/threonine phosphorylation of the cardiac proteome are a hallmark of heart failure. However, the contribution of tyrosine phosphorylation (pTyr) to the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy remains unclear. We use global mapping to discover and quantify site-specific pTyr in two cardiac hypertrophic mouse models, i.e., cardiac overexpression of ErbB2 (TgErbB2) and α myosin heavy chain R403Q (R403Q-αMyHC Tg), compared to control hearts. From this, there are significant phosphoproteomic alterations in TgErbB2 mice in right ventricular cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) pathways. On the other hand, R403Q-αMyHC Tg mice indicated that the EGFR1 pathway is central for cardiac hypertrophy, along with angiopoietin, ErbB, growth hormone, and chemokine signaling pathways activation. Surprisingly, most myofilament proteins have downregulation of pTyr rather than upregulation. Kinase-substrate enrichment analysis (KSEA) shows a marked downregulation of MAPK pathway activity downstream of k-Ras in TgErbB2 mice and activation of EGFR, focal adhesion, PDGFR, and actin cytoskeleton pathways. In vivo ErbB2 inhibition by AG-825 decreases cardiomyocyte disarray. Serine/threonine and tyrosine phosphoproteome confirm the above-described pathways and the effectiveness of AG-825 Treatment. Thus, altered pTyr may play a regulatory role in cardiac hypertrophic models.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica , Proteoma , Camundongos , Animais , Proteoma/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/genética , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/patologia , Cardiomegalia , Serina/metabolismo , Treonina/metabolismo , Tirosina/metabolismo
16.
Foods ; 11(21)2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360037

RESUMO

As a popular form of fruit consumption, fresh-cut watermelon is of great convenience for its consumers. Owing to the lack of comprehensive knowledge about the quality changes of fresh-cut watermelon during its shelf life, guidelines and standards are unavailable currently. To clarify the deterioration process and its underlying mechanism in fresh-cut watermelon, the sensory parameters, metabolomics, and microbial community of fresh-cut watermelon during a three-day storage at both room temperature (RT) and refrigerator temperature were systematically studied in this work. Results revealed that the whole property of the watermelon stored at refrigerator temperature kept stable, while pulps stored at RT had substantially deteriorated after 36 h. The decay was reflected in the significant decrease in soluble solid contents, firmness, pH, and color parameters in the sensory perspective. At the metabolic level, significantly declined malate, citrate, uridine, uridine 5-monophosphate, and amino acids, and increased ethanol and lactate contents, were observed as deterioration markers, which partially resulted from the activities of pyruvate dehydrogenase and alcohol dehydrogenase and the burst of genera Enterobacteriaceae and Leuconostocaceae. This study unveiled the underlying mechanisms of quality changes in fresh-cut watermelon under its primary storage conditions to provide fundamental information and potential clues for its quality control and preservation.

17.
Front Physiol ; 13: 1035726, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388117

RESUMO

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a type of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy, which is a serious threat to the life of mother and fetus. It is a placenta-derived disease that results in placental damage and necrosis due to systemic small vessel spasms that cause pathological changes such as ischemia and hypoxia and oxidative stress, which leads to fetal and maternal damage. In this study, four types of risk factors, namely, clinical epidemiology, hemodynamics, basic biochemistry, and biomarkers, were used for the initial selection of model parameters related to PE, and factors that were easily available and clinically recognized as being associated with a higher risk of PE were selected based on hospital medical record data. The model parameters were then further analyzed and screened in two subgroups: early-onset pre-eclampsia (EOPE) and late-onset pre-eclampsia (LOPE). Dynamic gestational week prediction model for PE using decision tree ID3 algorithm in machine learning. Performance of the model was: macro average (precision = 76%, recall = 73%, F1-score = 75%), weighted average (precision = 88%, recall = 89%, F1-score = 89%) and overall accuracy is 86%. In this study, the addition of the dynamic timeline parameter "gestational week" made the model more convenient for clinical application and achieved effective PE subgroup prediction.

18.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1023739, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388474

RESUMO

Auxin response factors (ARFs) are transcription factors that play important roles in plants. ARF2 is a member of the ARF family and participates in many plant growth and developmental processes. However, the role of ARF2 in strawberry fruit quality remains unclear. In this study, FveARF2 was isolated from the woodland strawberry 'Ruegen' using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), which showed that FveARF2 expression levels were higher in the stem than in other organs of the 'Ruegen' strawberry. Moreover, FaARF2 was higher in the white fruit stage of cultivated strawberry fruit than in other stage. Subcellular localization analysis showed that FveARF2 is located in the nucleus, while transcriptional activation assays showed that FveARF2 inhibited transcription in yeast. Silencing FveARF2 in cultivated strawberry fruit revealed earlier coloration and higher soluble solid, sugar, and anthocyanin content in the transgenic fruit than in the control fruit, overexpression of FveARF2 in strawberry fruit delayed ripening and lower soluble solid, sugar, and anthocyanin content compared to the control fruit. Gene expression analysis indicated that the transcription levels of the fruit ripening genes FaSUT1, FaOMT, and FaCHS increased in FveARF2-RNAi fruit and decreased in FveARF2-OE fruit, when compared with the control. Furthermore, yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) and GUS activity experiments showed that FveARF2 can directly bind to the AuxRE (TGTCTC) element in the FaSUT1, FaOMT, and FaCHS promoters in vitro and in vivo. Potassium ion supplementation improved the quality of strawberry fruit, while silencing FveARF2 increased potassium ion content in transgenic fruit. The Y1H and GUS activity experiments also confirmed that FveARF2 could directly bind to the promoter of FveKT12, a potassium transporter gene, and inhibited its expression. Taken together, we found that FveARF2 can negatively regulate strawberry fruit ripening and quality, which provides new insight for further study of the molecular mechanism of strawberry fruit ripening.

19.
Biomater Sci ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36317535

RESUMO

Smart nanomaterials with stimuli-responsive imaging enhancement have been widely developed to meet the requirements of accurate cancer diagnosis. However, these imaging nanoenhancers tend to be always on during circulation, which significantly increases the background signal when assessing the imaging performance. To improve unfavorable signal-to-noise ratios, an effective way is to shield the noise signal of these nanoprobes in non-targeted areas. Fortunately, there is a natural mutual shielding effect between some imaging nanomaterials, which provides the possibility of designing engineered nanomaterials with imaging quenching between two different components at the beginning. Once in the tumor microenvironment, the two components will present activated dual-mode imaging ability because of their separation, designated as two-way imaging tuning. This review highlights the design and mechanism of a series of engineered nanomaterials with two-way imaging tuning and their latest applications in the fields of cancer magnetic resonance imaging, fluorescence imaging, and their combination. The challenges and future directions for the improvement of these engineered nanomaterials towards clinical transformation are also discussed. This review aims to introduce the special constraint relationships of imaging components and provide scientists with simpler and more efficient nanoplatform construction ideas, promoting the development of engineered nanomaterials with two-way imaging tuning in cancer theranostics.

20.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(10): 4031-4043, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36389300

RESUMO

Background: Thoracoscopic-assisted Nuss repair is a commonly used method for treating pectus excavatum, which has always been performed under tracheal intubation and general anesthesia. However, general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation can produce intubation and anesthetic drug related complications. In non-intubation anesthesia, laryngeal mask is used instead of tracheal intubation without muscle relaxants and small doses of sedative and analgesic drugs. Therefore, non-intubation anesthesia can reduce complications and speed up postoperative recovery. This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical impact of these two anesthesia methods on thoracoscopic-assisted Nuss repair for the treatment of pectus excavatum. Methods: A total of 115 pectus excavatum patients who underwent thoracoscopic-assisted Nuss procedure repair in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of Yunnan First People's Hospital from January 2017 to January 2022 were included. All subjects in this study underwent thoracoscopic assisted Nuss repair in the same thoracic surgical team. According to different anesthesia methods, they were divided into non-intubation anesthesia group (n=62) and intubation anesthesia group (n=53). The intubation time, intraoperative mean heart rate, postoperative complications, postoperative first oral food intake, water intake, ambulation, defecation time, postoperative blood drawing results, postoperative hospital stay and total hospitalization cost were compared between the two groups. Results: There were no significant differences in clinical characteristics and preoperative examination indexes between the two groups, which were comparable. Compared with the intubation anesthesia group, the non-intubation anesthesia group had less anesthesia intubation time, lower intraoperative mean heart rate, less postoperative complications, such as pneumothorax, pleural effusion, and lung infection. In the non-intubation anesthesia group, the first time to eat, drink, get out of bed, and defecate were all earlier. Routine blood results 24 h after surgery indicated that the non-intubation anesthesia group had lower white blood cell, neutrophil and lymphocyte, an earlier postoperative discharge time, and lower total hospitalization expenses. Conclusions: Non-intubation anesthesia in thoracoscopic-assisted Nuss procedure for the repair of pectus excavatum can make the postoperative recovery of patients faster and has better safety and efficacy.

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