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1.
HPB (Oxford) ; 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732465

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) on the prognosis of patients undergoing liver resection (LR) for primary liver malignancies (PLC). METHODS: The recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients undergoing LR with and without PVTT for three primary liver malignancies, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and hepato-cholangio carcinoma (CHC) were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: In total, 3775 patients with PLC who underwent LR were included in this study. The incidence of PVTT in patients undergoing LR with HCC, IHC and CHC were 46%, 20%, and 17%, respectively. The median RFS and OS were significantly better for patients with HCC as compared to ICC or CHC (16 vs 11 vs 13 months; 21 vs 16 vs 18 months, respectively; P < 0.001). However, the presence of PVTT resulted in similarly poor RFS and OS in these 3 subgroups of patients (9 vs 8 vs 8 months, P = 0.062; 14 vs 13 vs 12 months, respectively, P = 0.052). CONCLUSION: Although the prognosis of patients with PLC varied by histological subtype, once PVTT occurred, survival outcomes after LR were similarly poor across all three subgroups.

3.
Neuroimage ; 203: 116200, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536803

RESUMO

We conducted a meta-analysis of 78 task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies (1976 total participants) to reveal underlying brain activations and their overlap with large-scale neural networks in the brain during general discourse comprehension and its sub-processes. We found that discourse comprehension involved a neural system consisting of widely distributed brain regions that comprised not only the bilateral perisylvian language zones, but also regions in the superior and medial frontal cortex and the medial temporal lobe. Moreover, this neural system can be categorized into several sub-systems representing various sub-processes of discourse comprehension, with the left inferior frontal gyrus and middle temporal gyrus serving as core regions across all sub-processes. At a large-scale network level, we found that discourse comprehension relied most heavily on the default network, particularly on its dorsal medial subsystem. The pattern associated with large-scale network cooperation varied according to the respective sub-processes required. Our results reveal the functional dissociation within the discourse comprehension neural system and highlight the flexible involvements of large-scale networks.

4.
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 4(9): 721-730, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387735

RESUMO

Portal vein tumour thrombosis is common among patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Tremendous differences exist in the management of hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumour thrombosis between the east and the west, which derive from heterogeneities in its epidemiology, causes, pathology, comorbidities, prognosis, and other demographics. These divergences between the east and the west are not only caused by hepatocellular carcinoma itself, but are also affected by many variables including social factors, physician preferences, accessibility to costly or novel treatments, and reimbursement schemes. In this Review, we compare and contrast the management of hepatocellular carcinoma with portal vein tumour thrombosis in the east and in the west in terms of systemic and surgical treatments, radiotherapy, transcatheter arterial therapies, and portal vein revascularisation. We conclude that a personalised, data-driven approach to care with active management from a multidisciplinary team, as well as increased communication and collaboration between clinicians and researchers based in east and the west, could help to reduce the differences in management and optimise treatment strategies.

5.
Eur J Cancer ; 119: 87-96, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Initial 3-year results from our clinical trial in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients showed that induction chemotherapy (IC) with cisplatin and fluorouracil resulted in improved disease-free survival (DFS) with a marginally significant effect on distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), but the effect of IC on locoregional relapse-free survival and overall survival (OS) did not differ significantly. Here, we present 5-year follow-up results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our trial was a randomised, open-label phase III trial comparing IC followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) versus CCRT alone in patients with stage III-IVB (except T3N0-1) NPC. The IC followed by CCRT group received cisplatin (80 mg/m2 d1) and fluorouracil (800 mg/m2 d1-5) every 3 weeks for two cycles before CCRT. Both groups were treated with 80 mg/m2 cisplatin every 3 weeks concurrently with radiotherapy. The primary end-points were DFS and DMFS. We did efficacy analyses in the 476 randomised patients (intention-to-treat population). RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 82.6 months, the 5-year DFS rate was 73.4% (95% confidence interval [CI] 67.7-79.1) in the IC followed by CCRT group and 63.1% (95% CI 56.8-69.4) in the CCRT alone group (p = 0.007). The 5-year DMFS rate was also significantly higher in the IC followed by CCRT group (82.8%, 95% CI 77.9-87.7) than in the CCRT alone group (73.1%, 95% CI 67.2-79.0, p = 0.014). Our updated analysis revealed an OS benefit of IC: the 5-year OS rate was 80.8% in the IC followed by CCRT group versus 76.8% in the CCRT alone group (p = 0.040). The proportion of patients with eye damage was significantly higher in the CCRT alone group than the IC followed by CCRT group (16.4% [39/238] versus 9.7% [23/238], p = 0.029). CONCLUSION: IC followed by CCRT provides long-term DFS, DMFS and OS benefits compared with CCRT alone in locoregionally advanced NPC and, therefore, can be recommended for these patients.

7.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 45(11): 2188-2196, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The benefits of adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with microvascular invasion (MVI) remain controversial. We compared the efficacy and safety of adjuvant TACE and hepatic resection (HR) alone for HCC patients with MVI. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, VIP, Wan Fang, and Sino Med databases were systematically searched to compare adjuvant TACE and HR alone for the treatment of HCC with MVI from inception to January 1, 2019. The study outcomes, including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), were extracted independently by two authors. RESULTS: 12 trials involving 2190 patients were evaluated. A meta-analysis of 11 studies suggested that the 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates (OR = 0.33, P < 0.001; OR = 0.49, P < 0.001; and OR = 0.59, P < 0.01; respectively), favored adjuvant TACE over HR alone. 11 studies were included in the meta-analysis of DFS, and adjuvant TACE showed better 1-, 3-, and 5-DFS (OR = 0.45, P < 0.001; OR = 0.50, P < 0.001; and OR = 0.58, P < 0.001; respectively) compared to HR alone. Subgroup analysis demonstrated that adjuvant TACE could benefit HCC patients with MVI with tumor diameter >5 cm or multinodular tumors. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant TACE may improve OS and DFS for HCC patients with MVI compared to HR alone and should be recommended for selected HCC patients with MVI. However, these results need to be validated through further high-quality clinical studies. LAY SUMMARY: The benefits of adjuvant TACE in HCC patients with microvascular invasion remain controversial. Twelve studies involving 2190 patients were include in our meta-analysis. Adjuvant TACE may improve OS and DFS for HCC patients with MVI compared to HR alone and should be recommended for selected HCC patients with MVI.

8.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(12): 4117-4125, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microvascular invasion (MVI) predicts poor prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HCC patients with hypercoagulability are prone to develop thrombosis; however, the relationship between preoperative coagulability state, as reflected by the international normalized ratio (INR) level, and MVI remains unclear. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2012, HCC patients who underwent R0 liver resection (LR) from four cancer centers entered into this study. The overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 2509 HCC patients who were included into this study, 1104 were found to have MVI in the resected specimens. These patients were divided into the low (n = 151), normal (n = 796), and high (n = 157) INR subgroups based on the preoperative INR levels. The low INR subgroup had a significantly higher incidence of MVI than the normal or high INR subgroups (61.6% vs. 41.6% vs. 44.6%; p < 0.001). HCC patients with MVI were significantly more likely to have a low preoperative INR level (p < 0.001); the INR level (p < 0.001) was an independent risk factor of OS and RFS. HCC patients with MVI in the low INR subgroup had significantly worse RFS and OS than the normal or high INR subgroups (median RFS 13.5 vs. 20.2 vs. 21.6 months, p < 0.001; median OS 35.5 vs. 59.5 vs. 57.0 months, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative hypercoagulability was associated with poor long-term prognosis in HCC patients with MVI after R0 LR.

9.
Hepatology ; 70(5): 1878-1879, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343746
10.
HPB (Oxford) ; 21(12): 1687-1696, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microvascular invasion (MVI) is a major determinant of survival outcome for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of postoperative adjuvant Sorafenib (PA-Sorafenib) in HCC patients with MVI after R0 liver resection (LR). METHODS: The data of patients who underwent R0 LR for HCC with histologically confirmed MVI at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The survival outcomes for patients who underwent PA-Sorafenib were compared with those who underwent R0 LR alone. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed. RESULTS: 728 HCC patients had MVI in the resected specimens after R0 resection, with 581 who underwent LR alone and 147 patients who received in additional adjuvant sorafenib. PSM matched 113 patients in each of these two groups. The overall survival (OS) and recurrence free survival (RFS) were significantly better for patients in the PA-sorafenib group (for OS: before PSM, P = 0.003; after PSM, P = 0.007), (for RFS: before PSM, P = 0.029; after PSM, P = 0.001), respectively. Similar results were obtained in patients with BCLC 0-A, BCLC B and Child-Pugh A stages of disease. CONCLUSIONS: PA-Sorafenib was associated with significantly better survival outcomes than LR alone for HCC patients with MVI.

12.
Oncologist ; 24(12): e1476-e1488, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31138726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Microvascular invasion (MVI) is associated with poor postoperative survival outcomes in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). An Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (EHBH) MVI scoring system was established to predict prognosis in patients with HCC with MVI after R0 liver resection (LR) and to supplement the most commonly used classification systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with HCC with MVI who underwent R0 LR as an initial therapy were included. The EHBH-MVI score was developed from a retrospective cohort from 2003 to 2009 to form the training cohort. The variables associated with overall survival (OS) on univariate analysis were subsequently investigated using the log-rank test, and the EHBH-MVI score was developed using the Cox regression model. It was validated using an internal prospective cohort from 2011 to 2013 as well as three independent external validation cohorts. RESULTS: There were 1,033 patients in the training cohort; 322 patients in the prospective internal validation cohort; and 493, 282, and 149 patients in the three external validation cohorts, respectively. The score was developed using the following factors: α-fetoprotein level, tumor encapsulation, tumor diameter, hepatitis B e antigen positivity, hepatitis B virus DNA load, tumor number, and gastric fundal/esophageal varicosity. The score differentiated two groups of patients (≤4, >4 points) with distinct long-term prognoses outcomes (median OS, 55.8 vs. 19.6 months; p < .001). The predictive accuracy of the score was greater than the other four commonly used staging systems for HCC. CONCLUSION: The EHBH-MVI scoring system was more accurate in predicting prognosis in patients with HCC with MVI after R0 LR than the other four commonly used staging systems. The score can be used to supplement these systems. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Microvascular invasion (MVI) is a major determinant of survival outcomes after curative liver resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Currently, there is no scoring system aiming to predict prognosis of patients with HCC and MVI after R0 liver resection (LR). Most of the widely used staging systems for HCC do not use MVI as an independent risk factor, and they cannot be used to predict the prognosis of patients with HCC and MVI after surgery. In this study, a new Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital (EHBH) MVI scoring system was established to predict prognosis of patients with HCC and MVI after R0 LR. Based on the results of this study, postoperative adjuvant therapy may be recommended for patients with HCC and MVI with an EHBH-MVI score >4. This score can be used to supplement the currently used HCC classifications to predict postoperative survival outcomes in patients with HCC and MVI.

13.
Front Oncol ; 9: 369, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143705

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) ranks as the second most malignant type of primary liver cancer with a high degree of incidence and a very poor prognosis. Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) functions as an eraser of the RNA m6A modification, but its roles in ICC tumorigenesis and development remain unknown. We showed here that the protein level of FTO was downregulated in clinical ICC samples and cell lines and that FTO expression was inversely correlated with the expression of CA19-9 and micro-vessel density (MVD). A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that a low expression of FTO predicted poor prognosis in ICC. in vitro, decreased endogenous expression of FTO obviously reduced apoptosis of ICC cells. Moreover, FTO suppressed the anchorage-independent growth and mobility of ICC cells. Through mining the database, FTO was found to regulate the integrin signaling pathway, inflammation signaling pathway, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway, angiogenesis, and the pyrimidine metabolism pathway. RNA decay assay showed that oncogene TEAD2 mRNA stability was impaired by FTO. In addition, the overexpression of FTO suppressed tumor growth in vivo. In conclusion, our study demonstrated the critical roles of FTO in ICC.

14.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 45(9): 1644-1651, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30982657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Portal vein tumour thrombus (PVTT) is a significant poor prognostic factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients with PVTT limited to a first-order branch or above of the main portal vein (MPV) could benefit from R0 liver resection (LR). A nomogram is needed to predict early postoperative recurrence (ER) in HCC patients with PVTT and to guide selection of these patients for adjuvant therapy to reduce postoperative recurrence risks. METHODS: HCC patients with PVTT limited to a first-order branch or above of the MPV after R0 LR as an initial therapy were included. A nomogram using data from a retrospective training cohort was developed with the Cox regression model. The model was tested in a prospective internal validation cohort and three external validation cohorts. RESULTS: Of 979 patients, 657 developed postoperative ER (67.1%). ER occurred in 165 of 264 patients (62.5%) in the training cohort, 146 of 218 patients (70.0%) in the internal validation cohort, and 204 of 284 patients (71.8%), 77 of 113 patients (68.1%), and 65 of 100 patients (65%) in the three external validation cohorts, respectively. The nomogram included the following variables: hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), PVTT, HBV DNA, satellite nodules, α-fetoprotein, and tumour diameter. The ROC were 0.836, 0.763, 0.802, 0.837, and 0.846 in predicting ER in the five respective cohorts. CONCLUSION: A nomogram was developed and validated to predict postoperative ER in patients with HCC with PVTT after R0 LR. This nomogram could select appropriate patients with high ER risks for postoperative adjuvant therapy.

15.
HPB (Oxford) ; 21(8): 935-944, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30871805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of microvascular invasion (MVI) on the postoperative long-term prognosis of solitary small hepatocellular carcinoma remains controversial. We compared the long-term outcomes of MVI-positive and MVI-negative groups of patients with solitary small hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, VIP, Wan Fang, and Sino Med databases were systematically searched to compare the long-term outcomes of MVI-positive and MVI-negative groups of patients with solitary small hepatocellular carcinoma from inception to November 1, 2018. The study outcomes, including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), were extracted independently by two authors. RESULTS: Fourteen studies involving 3033 patients were evaluated. A meta-analysis of all 14 studies suggested that the OS of the MVI-positive group was significantly worse than that of the MVI-negative group (HR = 2.39, 95% CI = 2.02-2.84, I2 = 22.8%; P < 0.001). Twelve studies were included in the meta-analysis of DFS, and MVI showed a worse prognosis (HR = 1.79, 95% CI = 1.59-2.02, I2 = 25.3%; P < 0.001). Subgroup analysis demonstrated that MVI still showed a negative effect on the long-term OS and DFS of patients with solitary small HCC measuring up to 2 cm, 3 cm, or 5 cm. CONCLUSION: Microvascular invasion was a risk factor for poorer prognosis for solitary small hepatocellular carcinoma.

16.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 26(5): 1465-1473, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767178

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vascular invasion is a major determinant of survival outcomes after curative resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. This study was designed to investigate the efficacy of postoperative adjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (PA-TACE) in patients with HCC with hepatic vein tumor thrombus (HVTT). METHODS: Data from patients who underwent LR for HCC with HVTT at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The survival outcomes for patients who underwent PA-TACE after LR were compared with those who underwent LR alone. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to match patients in a ratio of 1:1. RESULTS: All included 319 patients who underwent LR for HCC with HVTT, 134 underwent LR alone (the LR group), and 185 patients underwent in adjuvant TACE (the PA-TACE group). PSM matched 107 patients in two groups. The overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were significantly better for patients in the PA-TACE group than the LR group (for OS: before PSM, P < 0.001; after PSM, P = 0.004; for RFS: before PSM, P < 0.001; after PSM, P = 0.013), respectively. On subgroup analysis, equivalent acceptable results were obtained in patients with peripheral HVTT (pHVTT) and major HVTT (mHVTT). However, PA-TACE resulted in no survival benefits for patients when the HVTT had extended to the inferior vena cava (IVCTT). CONCLUSIONS: PA-TACE was associated with significantly better survival outcomes than LR alone for patients with HCC and HVTT (pHVTT and mHVTT). There was no survival benefits in patients whose HVTT had extended to form IVCTT.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/mortalidade , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Veias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Veias Hepáticas/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
J Cancer ; 10(1): 72-80, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30662527

RESUMO

Background: Survival benefit of surgical resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) has been approved recently. However, risk factors for in-hospital mortality in these patients remain unclear. We aimed to determine risk factors and reduce the mortality of these patients. Methods: We analyzed data for 521 of all 1531 HCC patients with PVTT underwent surgery. The primary outcome measure was in-hospital mortality after surgical resection. Univariate and Multivariate cox-regression were performed to identify independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. The methods of Kaplan-Meier, bootstrap and ten-fold-cross validation were applied to validate the risk factors. Results: 521 of 1531 patients in 2004-2012 occurred for the diagnosis of HCC associated with PVTT and underwent surgical resection as a training cohort. Other 325 patients in 2013-2016 were included as a validation cohort. Overall mortality of postoperative in-patients was 3.3% (17/521) and 2.8 % (9/325), respectively. Univariate analysis of mortality revealed that frequency of hospitalization, total albumin, different types of PVTT, bleeding volume, blood transfusion, resection volume, and tumor volume were related with mortality. Therefore, the bootstrap validation reflected that the risk factors of multivariate cox regression in model1(frequency of hospitalization, bleeding volume, and tumor volume) and model 2 (frequency of hospitalization, bleeding volume and total albumin) were stable with mortality in hospital. Ten-fold cross-validation of cox regression analysis showed that the mean C-statistic with 95%CI of model1 and model2 respectively were 0.887(0.779-0.976) and 0.867(0.789-0.966) for predicting in-hospital mortality. Consistency results of models were in the training cohort and validation cohort. Conclusion: Total albumin, tumor volume, intraoperative bleeding and frequency of hospitalization were independent predictive factors for in-hospital mortality in HCC patients with PVTT under surgery. Further study is warranted to utilize these factors to lower in-hospital mortality.

18.
HPB (Oxford) ; 21(3): 335-344, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30104175

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph node metastasis (LNM)has widely been recognized as a poor prognostic indicator for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Preoperative prediction of LNM is important for clinicians to decide on treatment. This study was designed to develop a simple and convenient system to predict LNM. METHODS: Consecutive HCC patients who were suspected to have LNM were divided into a training, an internal validation and an external validation cohort. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine the threshold value of the preoperative serological variables. A nomogram visualization system model was then established. RESULT: Of the 287 patients, there were 31 patients who had LNM (10.8%), and 21 of 203 patients (10.3%) were in the training cohort and 10 of 84 patients (11.9%) in the internal validation cohort. Sixteen of 176 patients (9.1%) in the external validation cohort had LNM. The serological indices including neutrophil/lymphocyte rate, age, platelet, prothrombin time, and total protein, were included in the nomogram. The areas of the ROC curve were 0.846, 0.679 and 0.738 in predicting LNM in the training cohort, the internal validation cohort and the external validation cohort, respectively. CONCLUSION: The scoring system constructed using the preoperative serological variables predicted LNM in HCC patients.

20.
Hepatol Res ; 49(4): 441-452, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30549370

RESUMO

AIM: Because of the rarity of hepatic vein tumor thrombus (HVTT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), little is known about HVTT. Thus, the survival benefit of liver resection (LR) versus transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for HCC patients with HVTT or inferior vena cava tumor thrombus (IVCTT) remains controversial. We aimed to explore the survival benefits of LR versus TACE for the treatment of these patients. METHODS: From 2012 to 2016, a total of 276 patients with HVTT or IVCTT who underwent liver resection or TACE were enrolled in this study. Patients in the LR group were matched at a 1:1 ratio with patients treated with TACE as an initial treatment (TACE group). Clinical characteristics, overall survival, and disease-free survival were analyzed. RESULTS: The median survival time in the LR group was 4.7 months longer than that in the TACE group before PSM (19.4 vs. 14.7 months, P = 0.006) and 6.9 months longer than that in the TACE group after PSM (20.9 vs. 14.0 months, P = 0.019). The median disease-free survival time in the LR group was 3.2 months longer than that in the TACE group before PSM (12.3 vs. 9.1 months, P = 0.038) and 5.8 months longer than that in the TACE group after PSM (13.0 vs. 7.2 months, P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: Liver resection provides a good prognosis for HCC patients with HVTT or IVCTT compared with patients undergoing TACE, and coexistence with portal vein tumor thrombus is the most important factor related to survival.

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