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1.
Cancer Discov ; : OF1-OF12, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35543554

RESUMO

The efficacy and potential limitations of molecular residual disease (MRD) detection urgently need to be fully elucidated in a larger population of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We enrolled 261 patients with stages I to III NSCLC who underwent definitive surgery, and 913 peripheral blood samples were successfully detected by MRD assay. Within the population, only six patients (3.2%) with longitudinal undetectable MRD recurred, resulting in a negative predictive value of 96.8%. Longitudinal undetectable MRD may define the patients who were cured. The peak risk of developing detectable MRD was approximately 18 months after landmark detection. Correspondingly, the positive predictive value of longitudinal detectable MRD was 89.1%, with a median lead time of 3.4 months. However, brain-only recurrence was less commonly detected by MRD (n = 1/5, 20%). Further subgroup analyses revealed that patients with undetectable MRD might not benefit from adjuvant therapy. Together, these results expound the value of MRD in NSCLC. SIGNIFICANCE: This study confirms the prognostic value of MRD detection in patients with NSCLC after definitive surgery, especially in those with longitudinal undetectable MRD, which might represent the potentially cured population regardless of stage and adjuvant therapy. Moreover, the risk of developing detectable MRD decreased stepwise after 18 months since landmark detection.

2.
Thorac Cancer ; 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35437920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MET dysregulation has been implicated in the development of primary and secondary resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. However, the clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of patients harboring EGFR-sensitive mutations and de novo MET amplifications still need to be explored. METHODS: A total of 54 patients from our hospital with non-small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR-sensitive mutations and/or de novo MET amplifications were included in this study. Survival rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method with log-rank statistics. Lung cancer organoids (LCOs) were generated from patient-derived malignant pleural effusion to perform drug sensitivity assays. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients with the appropriate clinicopathological characteristics were enrolled. MET FISH was performed in 40 patients who were stratified accordingly into two groups: EGFR+/METamp- (n = 22) and EGFR+/METamp + (n = 18). Survival rates for EGFR+/METamp- and EGFR+/METamp + patients respectively, were as follows: the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 12.1 and 1.9 months (p<0.001); the median post-progression overall survival (pOS) was 25.6 and 11.6 months (p = 0.023); the median overall survival (OS) was 33.2 and 12.7 months (p = 0.013). Drug testing conducted in LCOs derived from malignant pleural effusion from EGFR+/METamp + patients showed that dual targeted therapy was more effective than TKI monotherapy. CONCLUSION: EGFR+/METamp + patients treated with first-line TKI monotherapy had poor clinical outcomes. Dual targeted therapy showed potent anticancer activity in the LCO drug testing assay, suggesting that it is a promising first-line treatment for EGFR+/METamp + patients. Randomized controlled trials are needed to further validate these results.

3.
Thorac Cancer ; 13(9): 1333-1341, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35394115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Starting with low metastatic capability, T4N0M0 (diameter ≥ 7 cm) non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) constitute a unique tumor subset, as with a large tumor size but no regional or distant metastases. We systematically investigated intratumoral heterogeneity, clonal structure, chromosomal instability (CIN), and immune microenvironment in T4N0M0 (≥7 cm) NSCLCs. METHODS: Whole-exome sequencing, RNA sequencing, and multiplex immunohistochemistry (mIHC) staining were conducted to analyze 24 spatially segregated tumor samples from eight patients who were pathologically diagnosed with T4N0M0 (diameter ≥ 7 cm) NSCLCs. The adjacent normal tissues and peripheral blood served as controls. RESULTS: In total, 35.2% of mutations and 91.1% of somatic copy number alterations were classified as subclonal events, which exhibited widespread genetic intratumoral heterogeneity. In contrast, a low degree of CIN was observed. None of the patients had genome doubling. The burden of loss of heterozygosity, aneuploidy, and the genome instability index of these tumors were significantly lower than those in the TRACERx cohort. Expression profiles revealed significantly upregulated expression of cell division-related signals and the G2/M checkpoint pathway. In addition, a similar expression pattern of the immune microenvironment was observed in different regions of the tumor, which was confirmed by mIHC profiles. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates the presence of intratumoral genetic heterogeneity and immune microenvironmental heterogeneity features in T4N0M0 NSCLCs, and the low degree of CIN may be related to the low metastatic capability.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Heterogeneidade Genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mutação , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
4.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 3(1): 100257, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34977823

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The adjuvant treatment of patients with resected lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unstandardized. We analyzed the survival outcomes of these patients based on EGFR mutation status and adjuvant chemotherapy treatment. METHODS: This noninterventional real-world study (ICAN) enrolled Chinese patients with resected stages I to III LUAD from April 8, 2010, to December 31, 2010. Tumor EGFR mutation status and 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) were determined. The extension phase provided long-term follow-up with overall survival (OS) as the primary end point. Secondary end points included DFS and prognostic factors of survival. Survival outcomes based on adjuvant chemotherapy treatment, EGFR mutation status, and postoperative stage were analyzed post hoc. RESULTS: Among 568 patients in the ICAN cohort, 472 continued to the extension phase and remained eligible. The 3-year DFS rate was 58.8%. In the extension cohort, 260 patients (55.1%) had EGFR-mutant disease and 207 (43.9%) received adjuvant chemotherapy. At a median follow-up of 109.0 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 106.6-111.4) months, median OS and DFS were 103.3 (95% CI: 101.7-104.9) and 67.4 (95% CI: 49.7-85.2) months, respectively. The 5-year OS and DFS rates were 68.9% (95% CI: 64.3-73.6) and 52.9% (95% CI: 48.2-57.7), respectively. EGFR wild-type disease was a significant independent predictor of worse OS (HR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.07-1.44, p= 0.004) based on the Cox regression analysis of common factors. Post hoc subgroup analysis revealed that survival outcomes were not significantly different with adjuvant chemotherapy regardless of EGFR mutation status across all postoperative stages. CONCLUSIONS: EGFR mutations are common in operable LUAD, and recurrence and mortality after resection were considerable. Adjuvant chemotherapy did not improve survival outcomes, regardless of EGFR mutation status and postoperative stage.

5.
Transl Oncol ; 15(1): 101254, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment by immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) provides a remarkable survival benefit for multiple cancer types. However, disease aggravation occurs in a proportion of patients after the first couple of treatment cycles. METHODS: RNA sequencing data was retrospectively collected. 6 tumour-immune related features were extracted and combined to build a lung cancer-specific predictive model to distinguish responses as progression disease (PD) or non-PD. This model was trained by 3 public pan-cancer datasets and a lung cancer cohort from our institute, and generated a lung cancer-specific integrated gene expression score, which we call LITES. It was finally tested in another lung cancer dataset. RESULTS: LITES is a promising predictor for checkpoint blockade (area under the curve [AUC]=0.86), superior to traditional biomarkers. It is independent of PD-L1 expression and tumour mutation burden. The sensitivity and specificity of LITES was 85.7% and 70.6%, respectively. Progression free survival (PFS) was longer in high-score group than in low-score group (median PFS: 6.0 vs. 2.4 months, hazard ratio=0.45, P=0.01). The mean AUC of 6 features was 0.70 (range=0.61-0.75), lower than in LITES, indicating that the combination of features had synergistic effects. Among the genes identified in the features, patients with high expression of NRAS and PDPK1 tended to have a PD response (P=0.001 and 0.01, respectively). Our model also functioned well for patients with advanced melanoma and was specific for ICB therapy. CONCLUSIONS: LITES is a promising biomarker for predicting an impaired response in lung cancer patients and for clarifying the biological mechanism underlying ICB therapy.

6.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 23(2): 135-142, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion (PE) has been one of the promising sources of liquid biopsy in advanced lung cancer patients. However, its clinical utility is not widely accepted due to the lack of full estimation of its potential versus routine clinical samples. METHOD: A total of 164 advanced lung cancer patients were enrolled with 164 matched tumor tissue and PE-cfDNA, 153 accompanied plasma and 63 1PE-sDNA. RESULT: PE-cfDNA displayed significantly higher median mutant allele frequency and an overall mutation concordance rate of 65% to tissue, which was higher than PE-sDNA (43%) and plasma-cfDNA (43%). The discrepancies between PE-cfDNA and tumor tissue were high in several genes, including SMARCA4, PIK3CA, ERBB2, KM T2A, ALK and NF1. For clinically actionable mutations, the concordance rate between PE-cfDNA and tumor tissue is 87%. Eleven patients were identified with actionable mutations in PE-cfDNA and four patients benefited from PE-cfDNA-guided targeted. Meanwhile, PE-cfDNA recapitulated mutations of diverse tissue origins and provided more mutational information under the circumstance that tumor tissue or tumor tissue of different origins were unavailable. The combination of tumor tissue and PE-cfDNA profiling increased positive detection rates of patients compared to tumor tissue alone. Our finding highlighted the importance of PE-cfDNA in the optimal selection of patients for targeted therapy. CONCLUSION: The PE-cfDNA-based liquid biopsy displays better performance in the characterization of gene alterations than PE-sDNA and plasma-cfDNA. PE-cfDNA together with tumor tissue profiling optimizes comprehensively genomic profiling of lung cancer patients, which might be important for selecting patients for better treatment management.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/genética , DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Derrame Pleural
7.
JTO Clin Res Rep ; 2(12): 100258, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34917992

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary atypical carcinoid (PAC) is a rare subtype of pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasm. Although EML4-ALK fusion has been detected in PAC, EGFR mutations have not been reported before. METHODS: We performed hematoxylin and eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, and next-generation sequencing on tissues at baseline and after surgery. RESULTS: The patient was diagnosed with having advanced PAC harboring the EGFR L858R mutation and then received a combination of icotinib and irinotecan plus cisplatin chemotherapy, achieving a partial response before the operation. Postoperative histology results revealed SCLC harboring the EGFR L858R mutation. Surprisingly, both the KRAS amplification and the RB1 deletion disappeared. CONCLUSIONS: EGFR tyrosine inhibitors plus irinotecan plus cisplatin chemotherapy might be a potential treatment option for advanced pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasms harboring EGFR mutations.

8.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 10(1): 52, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758872

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MET amplification plays an important role in the development of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) either de novo or in resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) settings. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is the standard method for MET amplification. With more and more discoveries of oncogenic driver genes, next-generation sequencing (NGS) plays a significant role in precision oncology. Meanwhile, the role of NGS in MET amplification remains uncertain. METHODS: Forty patients diagnosed with advanced NSCLC were included. FISH and NGS were conducted prior to MET inhibitors treatment. MET amplification by FISH was defined as a MET/CEP7 ratio of > 2.0 and/or copy number (CN) > 5. MET amplification by NGS was defined as gene copy number (GCN) ≥ 5. RESULTS: The concordance rate among FISH and NGS was 62.5% (25/40). MET amplification identified by FISH showed the optimal predictive value. The partial response (PR) rate was 68.0% (17/25 with MET amplification) vs. 6.7% (1/15 without MET amplification); the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 5.4 months versus 1.0 months (P < 0.001). MET amplification identified by NGS failed to distinguish significant clinical outcomes. The PR rate was 60.0% (6/10, with MET GCN ≥ 5) vs. 40.0% (12/30, with MET GCN < 5); the median PFS was 4.8 months vs. 2.2 months (P = 0.357). The PR rate was 68.8% (11/16) and the median PFS was 4.8 months in patients with focal amplification by NGS. CONCLUSIONS: MET amplification identified by FISH remains the optimal biomarker to identify suitable candidates for MET-TKI therapy. In comparison, amplification identified by NGS seems not as robust to be effective predictive biomarker. Further exploration is needed regarding the focal amplification by NGS in predicting the efficacy.

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6450, 2021 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750392

RESUMO

The ADJUVANT study reported the comparative superiority of adjuvant gefitinib over chemotherapy in disease-free survival of resected EGFR-mutant stage II-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, not all patients experienced favorable clinical outcomes with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), raising the necessity for further biomarker assessment. In this work, by comprehensive genomic profiling of 171 tumor tissues from the ADJUVANT trial, five predictive biomarkers are identified (TP53 exon4/5 mutations, RB1 alterations, and copy number gains of NKX2-1, CDK4, and MYC). Then we integrate them into the Multiple-gene INdex to Evaluate the Relative benefit of Various Adjuvant therapies (MINERVA) score, which categorizes patients into three subgroups with relative disease-free survival and overall survival benefits from either adjuvant gefitinib or chemotherapy (Highly TKI-Preferable, TKI-Preferable, and Chemotherapy-Preferable groups). This study demonstrates that predictive genomic signatures could potentially stratify resected EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients and provide precise guidance towards future personalized adjuvant therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Receptores ErbB/genética , Gefitinibe/uso terapêutico , Genômica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Thorac Cancer ; 12(19): 2564-2573, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490728

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Src homology region 2 domain-containing phosphatase 2 (SHP2) is a novel target for Kirsten rat sarcoma oncogene (KRAS) mutant cancer. We retrospectively studied the significance of SHP2 in KRAS mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with immunotherapy and its relationship with tumor microenvironment (TME). METHODS: Sixty-one advanced KRAS mutant NSCLC patients who underwent immunotherapy were enrolled. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to profile mutation status. The expression of SHP2, phospho-SHP2 (pSHP2), and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Quantitative multiplexed immunofluorescence cytochemistry (mIFC) analysis was conducted to describe the TME. RESULTS: SHP2 was heterogeneously expressed in 32 samples in both tumor cells and immune cells and highly expressed (H-score >10) in 25 (78.1%) samples. The expression levels of SHP2 and pSHP2 were positively correlated. Stromal SHP2 (s-SHP2) was higher in tumors with PD-L1 ≥50% versus PD-L1 <50% (p = 0.039). By quantitative mIFC analysis, the expression of s-SHP2 had positive correlation with CD8, CD4, CD68, and PD-L1 levels in stromal area. Patients with high SHP2 expression made up 100.0% of the partial respond (PR) and 80.0% of the stable disease (SD), whereas 50.0% of the progress disease (PD). High SHP2 expression was associated with longer progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (p < 0.001, p = 0.013). Patients with high expression of both SHP2 and PD-L1 had longer PFS (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: High SHP2 expression could predict the efficacy of immunotherapy and better survival in advanced KRAS mutant NSCLC. SHP2 may function in both tumor cells and immune cells, warranting further study on the potential diverse effects of SHP2 inhibition in TME.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/farmacologia , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 11/genética , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
11.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(7): 4125-4136, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is no standard procedure available to diagnose and treat with pregnancy-associated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The present study was to investigate the clinical and molecular features, and the proper intervention timing for this population. METHODS: This is a retrospective, pooled analysis. Cases from Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute and other published cases were collected and reviewed. The overall survival (OS) was analyzed according to the diagnosis timing, the treatment timing and the molecular character. The safety profile during pregnancy was also evaluated. RESULTS: Seventy-seven cases were collected including 11 patients from our center. The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation rates were 47% and 32%, respectively. The OS of patients treated during pregnancy, after delivery, and those not treated differed significantly [12 months vs. not reached (NR) vs. 1 month; P<0.001]. However, the OS between patients treated during pregnancy and after delivery was similar (P=0.173). Patients with ALK or EGFR exhibited a significantly better OS than those with wild-type [NR vs. 22 months vs. 8 months; P<0.001; hazard ratio (HR) =0.02, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.00-0.22; HR =0.08, 95% CI: 0.01-0.76]. Fetal complications were observed in babies whose mothers were treated during pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: The pregnancy-associated NSCLC population exhibited a high prevalence of driver genes and a promising effect of targeted therapy. No significant difference in the OS was observed between patients treated during pregnancy and patients treated after delivery.

12.
Eur J Cancer ; 150: 23-30, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882375

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Leptomeningeal metastases (LM) occur in up to 5% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and often develop after previous systemic treatments. In this article, we explored whether immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) enhanced the dismal survival of patients with LM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on NSCLC patients with LM prescribed ICIs were collected at the Guangdong Lung Cancer Institute. Furthermore, relevant literature was reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 255 NSCLC patients diagnosed with LM were screened from January 2015 to March 2020 at our institute. Cases reported by literature were also included. Finally, 32 NSCLC patients received ICIs after LM diagnosis; their median age was 55 years. Druggable genes were detected in 37.5% of all patients. The ICI regimens included nivolumab (n = 21), pembrolizumab (n = 9), and atezolizumab (n = 2). Ultimately, 62.5% of patients evidenced neurological symptom controlled. Two patients exhibited both intracranial and extracranial complete tumour response; one patient showed both intracranial and extracranial partial response (PR), one patient indicated intracranial PR and a systemic PR, and one patient showed central nervous system PR without extracranial response reported. The median progression-free survival (PFS) in the single-agent subgroup was 2.1 months (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.4-2.9 months), and the median overall survival (OS) was 4.0 months (95% CI: 0.1-13.3 months). In the combined subgroup, the median PFS and OS were 3.0 months (95% CI: 1.1-4.9 months) and 5.4 months (95% CI: 0.5-10.3 months), respectively. Three patients exhibited remarkable PFS of over 20 months: all patients had ICI single agent, received cranial radiotherapy before ICI prescription, and took ICIs as second-line therapy, and two patients were EGFR/ALK wild type. Multivariate analysis showed that a better Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG-PS) score was associated with prolonged PFS (P = 0.04). No difference in survival was seen between monotherapy and combination therapy groups. CONCLUSION: NSCLC patients with LM may benefit from ICIs of both monotherapy and combination with other therapies, especially those with good ECOG-PS scores. Further work in this regard is required.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinomatose Meníngea/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Carcinomatose Meníngea/imunologia , Carcinomatose Meníngea/mortalidade , Carcinomatose Meníngea/secundário , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
13.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33820821

RESUMO

Multiple primary lung cancer (MPLC) remains a tough challenge to diagnose and treat. Although neoadjuvant immunotherapy has shown promising results in early stage non-small cell lung cancer, whether such modality can benefit all primary lesions remains unclear. Herein, we performed integrated multiomics analysis in one patient with early stage MPLC with remarkable tumor shrinkage in a solid nodule and no response in two subsolid nodules after treatment with three cycles of neoadjuvant pembrolizumab. Genomic heterogeneity was observed among responding nodules with high levels of infiltrating CD8+ and CD68+ immune cells. Substantially downregulated human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-related genes and impaired T lymphocyte function were observed in non-responding nodules. A larger proportion of infiltrating tissue resident memory T cells (Trm) along with high T cell receptor repertoire clonality in responding nodules were validated as predictive and prognostic biomarkers in multiple cancer types using external public datasets. These results suggested that neoadjuvant programmed death 1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand 1 inhibitors alone may not be an optimal therapeutic strategy for MPLC due to disparities in genomic alterations and immune microenvironment among different lesions. Additionally, we postulate that increased infiltration of Trm may be a unique marker of early immune responses to PD-1 blockade.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Genômica , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/imunologia , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/genética , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/imunologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/genética , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/imunologia , RNA-Seq , Fatores de Tempo , Transcriptoma , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
14.
Clin Exp Metastasis ; 38(1): 109-117, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231826

RESUMO

20-40% of lung cancer patients develop bone metastasis (BM) with significantly decreased overall survival. Currently, BM is mainly diagnosed by computerized tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) when symptom develops. Novel biomarkers with higher prediction value of BM are needed. Plasma-derived exosomal microRNAs had been isolated and sequenced of total 30 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients including 16 with bone metastasis and 14 without bone metastasis. Hierarchical clustering based on the total miRNA profile can clearly separate cancer patients and healthy individuals (H), but not patients with (BM +) or without (BM-) BM. Weight Co-expression network of miRNAs (WGCNA) analyses identified three consensus clusters (A, B, C) of highly correlated miRNAs, among which cluster B (144 miRNAs) showed significantly differential expression in lung cancer patients, especially in BM + group. Pathway analysis of cluster B miRNAs revealed enrichment in metabolic pathways that may involve in preconditioning of the metastatic niche. Three differentially expressed miRNAs between BM + and BM- patients within cluster B were identified as miR-574-5p, a suppressor of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway, was down-regulated, while miR-328-3p and miR-423-3p, two activators of the same pathway, were up-regulated in BM + patients. Cluster A miRNAs (n = 49) also showed trend of upregulation in BM + patients. Interestingly, pathway analysis indicated that 43 of them are associated with chromosome14, which has been suggested to promote epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and bone metastasis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Exossomos/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 22(2): 100-109.e3, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutations in TP53 are commonly found in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we determined the predictive and prognostic potential of different subtypes of TP53 using data from a phase III randomized trial (CTONG 0901). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The trial enrolled 195 patients who had undergone next-generation sequencing of 168 genes before treatment with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Mutations in TP53 (exon 4 or 7, other mutations, and wild-type) were analyzed based on the therapeutic response and survival. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to determine the potential of the predictive and prognostic factors. RESULTS: All 195 patients harbored activating EGFR mutations: the most common concomitant mutations were TP53 (134/195, 68.7%), CTNNB1 (20/195, 10.3%), and RB1 (16/195, 8.2%). The genetic profiles between patient subgroups administered first-line (132, 67.7%) or later-line (63, 32.3%) treatments did not significantly differ. The median progression-free survival in patients with mutations in exon 4 or 7 of TP53, other TP53 mutations, and wild-type TP53 were 9.4, 11.0, and 14.5 months (P = .009), respectively. Overall survival times were 15.8, 20.0, and 26.1 months (P = .004), respectively. Mutations in exon 4 or 7 of TP53 served as independent prognostic factors for progression-free (P = .001) and overall survival (P = .004) in patients. CONCLUSION: Mutations in exon 4 and/or 7 in TP53 are promising predictive and prognostic indicators in EGFR-mutated NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Éxons/genética , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Front Oncol ; 10: 596937, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33363027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 (EML4) is the canonical anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion partner in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and ALK-positive patients showed promising responses to ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, studies that comprehensively investigate ALK TKI treatment in patients with different ALK fusion patterns are still lacking. METHODS: Ninety-eight ALK-positive patients with advanced NSCLC were retrospectively studied for their response to crizotinib and subsequent treatments. Comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) was conducted to divide patients into different groups based on their ALK fusion patterns. Non-canonical ALK fusions were validated using RNA-sequencing. RESULTS: 54.1% of patients had pure canonical EML4-ALK fusions, 19.4% carried only non-canonical ALK fusions, and 26.5% harbored complex ALK fusions with coexisting canonical and non-canonical ALK fusions. The objective response rate and median progression-free survival to crizotinib treatment tended to be better in the complex ALK fusion group. Notably, patients with complex ALK fusions had significantly improved overall survival after crizotinib treatment (p = 0.012), especially when compared with the pure canonical EML4-ALK fusion group (p = 0.010). The complex ALK fusion group also tended to respond better to next-generation ALK TKIs, which were used as later-line therapies. Most identified non-canonical ALK fusions were likely to be expressed in tumors, and some of them formed canonical EML4-ALK transcripts during mRNA maturation. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest NSCLC patients with complex ALK fusions could potentially have better treatment outcomes to ALK TKIs therapy. Also, diagnosis using CGP is of great value to identify novel ALK fusions and predict prognosis.

17.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1209, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There were scarcely germline variants of familial lung cancer (LC) identified. We conducted an study with whole-exome sequencing of pedigrees with familial lung cancer to analyze the potential genetic susceptibility. METHODS: Probands with the highest hereditary background were identified by our large-scale epidemiological study and five ones were enrolled as a learning set. The germline SNPs (single-nucleotide polymorphisms) of other five similar probands, four healthy individuals in the formerly pedigrees and three patients with sporadic LC were used as a validation set, controlled by three healthy individuals without family history of any cancer. The network of mutated genes was generated using STRING-DB and visualized using Cytoscape. RESULTS: Specific and shared somatic mutations and germline SNPs were not the shared cause of familial lung cancer. However, individual germline SNPs showed distinct protein-protein interaction network patterns in probands versus healthy individuals and patients with sporadic lung cancer. SNP-containing genes were enriched in the PI3K/AKT pathway. These results were validated in the validation set. Furthermore, patients with familial lung cancer were distinguished by many germline variations in the PI3K/AKT pathway by a simple SVM classification method. It is worth emphasizing that one person with many germline variations in the PI3K/AKT pathway developed lung cancer during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The phenomenon that the enrichments of germline SNPs in the PI3K/AKT pathway might be a major predictor of familial susceptibility to lung cancer.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Síndromes Neoplásicas Hereditárias/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa/genética , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Proteínas de Neoplasias/fisiologia , Linhagem , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
18.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(10): 5822-5832, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 insertion (EGFR ex20ins) is a common mutation in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with EGFR ex20ins generally respond poor to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). EGFR ex20ins are often co-occurring with EGFR amplification. However, the impact of EGFR amplification on the survival of patients with EGFR ex20ins mutations has not been determined. METHODS: This is an observational longitudinal cohort study. A prospectively managed database included consecutive treatment-naïve adult patients with advanced NSCLC and EGFR ex20ins confirmed by next-generation sequencing (NGS) at Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital between November 2017 and February 2019. The participants were enrolled from the database and extracted their clinical characteristics, treatment and clinical outcomes. NGS was used to establish whether EGFR amplification was present in tumor tissue. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were compared between EGFR amplification and non-EGFR amplification groups using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Subgroup analyses were performed based on the treatment used (EGFR-TKI or chemotherapy). RESULTS: Fifteen different EGFR ex20ins mutation subtypes were identified in the 39 patients included in the analysis, and the most common subtypes were p.A767_D770dup (25.6%), p.S768_D770dup (23.1%) and p.N771_H773dup (10.3%). Among 31 patients with EGFR ex20ins mutations and NGS data for tumor tissue, EGFR amplification was identified in 12 patients (38.7%) and there were no significant differences in clinical characteristics. Among 26 patients, there were no significant differences between the EGFR amplification (n=11) and non-EGFR amplification (n=15) groups in median OS (715 vs. 452 days, P=0.912). Among 20 patients administered chemotherapy, there were no significant differences between the EGFR amplification and non-EGFR amplification groups in median PFS (206 vs. 112 days, P=0.425). Among 24 patients administered an EGFR-TKI, median PFS was longer in the non-EGFR amplification group than in the EGFR amplification group (110 vs. 31 days, P=0.030). CONCLUSIONS: There is a tendency that EGFR amplification might be a poor predictor in EGFR ex20ins-positive NSCLC patients treated with EGFR-TKIs.

19.
Lung Cancer ; 150: 97-106, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This single-center retrospective cohort study sought to investigate the impact of rebiopsy analysis after osimertinib progression in improving the survival outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with EGFR T790M-positive advanced NSCLC who received second- or further-line osimertinib between January 2017 and July 2019 were included in this study. The co-primary study endpoints were post-progression progression-free survival (pPFS), defined as the time from osimertinib progression until progression from further-line treatment, and post-progression overall survival (pOS), defined as the time from osimertinib progression until death or the last follow-up date. RESULTS: Pairwise analysis revealed that receiving targeted therapy as further-line treatment after osimertinib progression did not statistically improve the pPFS (P = 0.285) or the pOS (P = 0.903) compared to chemotherapy. However, patients who submitted rebiopsy samples at osimertinib progression for histological and molecular analyses, particularly those who had actionable markers and received highly matched therapy, had significantly longer pPFS and pOS as compared to those who received low-level matched therapy (pPFS = 10.0 m vs. 4.1 m, P = 0.005; pOS = 19.4 m vs. 10.0 m, P = 0.023), unmatched therapy (pPFS = 10.0 m vs. 4.7 m, P = 0.009; pOS = 19.4 m vs. 7.0 m, P = 0.001), and those without rebiopsy data (Rebiopsy vs Non-rebiopsy; pPFS = 6.1 m vs. 3.3 m, P = 0.014; pOS = 11.7 m vs. 6.8 m, P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: Our real-world cohort study demonstrates that integrated histological and molecular analyses of rebiopsy specimens after osimertinib progression could provide more opportunities for individualized treatments to improve the post-progression survival of patients with advanced NSCLC. Our findings provide clinical evidence that supports the inclusion of NGS-based analysis of rebiopsy specimens as standard-of-care after osimertinib progression and warrants further prospective evaluation.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Acrilamidas , Compostos de Anilina , Estudos de Coortes , Receptores ErbB/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Mutação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(8): e209077, 2020 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749467

RESUMO

Importance: Owing to the improvement of systemic therapies for lung cancer, patients live longer, but the incidence of central nervous system (CNS) metastases also increases. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been proven better than plasma to reveal unique genetic profiling of intracranial metastases. How genetic alterations in CSF are associated with the prognosis of this heterogeneous patient group remains elusive. Objective: To examine the association of molecular alterations in CSF with the survival of patients with a diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma and CNS metastases. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort analysis of 94 patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma and CNS metastases was conducted from July 1, 2016, to July 31, 2018. Patients' CSF samples were collected, and next-generation sequencing of CSF circulating tumor DNA was performed. Main Outcome and Measures: The main outcome was survival after diagnosis with CNS metastases. Genotyping of CSF circulating tumor DNA was studied to examine its association with the clinical outcomes of patients with CNS metastases. Results: Of the 94 patients (49 male; mean [SD] age, 53 [1] years) with lung adenocarcinoma and CNS metastases evaluated, 79 harbored an EGFR variant. The most common genes seen in CSF were EGFR (79 [84.0%]), TP53 (57 [60.6%]), MET (23 [24.5%]), CDKN2A (22 [23.4%]), MYC (20 [21.3%]), NTRK1 (19 [20.2%]), and CDK6 (15 [16.0%]). Cluster analysis identified 5 molecular subtypes of CNS metastases. Patients in cluster I had the shortest median survival after diagnosis of CNS metastases compared with each of the other clusters (cluster I, 7.5 months; cluster II, 55.7 months; cluster III, 17.9 months; cluster IV, 27.9 months; cluster V, 21.0 months) and significantly increased risk of death compared with patients in the other clusters (cluster II: hazard ratio [HR], 4.95; 95% CI, 1.50-16.41; P = .009; cluster III: HR, 4.75; 95% CI, 1.49-15.12; P = .008; cluster IV: HR, 6.38; 95% CI, 1.76-23.09; P = .005; cluster V: HR, 5.42; 95% CI, 1.63-17.98; P = .006). The genetic profiles of cluster I were characterized by a high detection rate of CDK4 (9 of 9 [100%]), TP53 (8 of 9 [88.9%]), MET (7 of 9 [77.8%]), and CDKN2A (7 of 9 [77.8%]). For those with EGFR variants, coalterations with CDK4 (HR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.03-3.96; P = .04), CDK6 (HR, 2.52; 95% CI, 1.32-4.83; P = .005), and MYC (HR, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.21-4.15; P = .01) were associated with poor outcomes. Conclusions and Relevance: Patients with a diagnosis of lung adenocarcinoma and CNS metastases experienced heterogeneous survival outcomes based on genetic profiling in CSF. These data suggest that CSF might facilitate risk stratifying CNS metastases into appropriate outcomes and provide reference for further clinical study.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central , DNA Tumoral Circulante/líquido cefalorraquidiano , DNA Tumoral Circulante/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Central/secundário , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
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