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1.
Exp Eye Res ; : 107922, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923413

RESUMO

Besides apoptosis, necrosis can also occur in a highly regulated and genetically controlled manner, defined as regulated necrosis, which is characterized by a loss of cell membrane integrity and release of cytoplasmic content. Depending on the involvement of its signal pathway, regulated necrosis can be further classified as necroptosis, ferroptosis, pyroptosis and parthanatos. Numerous studies have demonstrated that regulated necrosis is involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases covering almost all organs including the brain, heart, liver, kidney, intestine, blood vessel, eye and skin, particularly myocardial infarction and stroke. Most recently, growing evidence suggests that multiple types of regulated necrosis contribute to the degeneration of retinal ganglion cells, retinal pigment epithelial cells or photoreceptor cells, which are the main pathologic features for glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration or retinitis pigmentosa, respectively. This review focuses on the involvement of necroptosis and ferroptosis in these blinding diseases.

2.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 108: 110487, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923968

RESUMO

It remains challenging to build up a multifunctional coating onto biodegradable magnesium (Mg) for biomedical use. In this study, a small amount of titanium dioxide (TiO2) has been incorporated in situ into phytic acid (PA) coating when it was chemically deposited on Mg substrate targeted to biodegradable implant applications. Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation was utilized in the liquid phase deposition of TiO2 to improve the quality of coating (PA&TiO2-UV). This PA&TiO2-UV coating was compact, thicker and more hydrophilic compared with sole PA or TiO2 coating. The PA&TiO2-UV coated Mg presented a seven times lower electrochemical corrosion current density as well as significantly slower in vitro degradation rate up to 500 h in phosphate buffer saline as compared to the direct PA coated Mg. In addition, the UV irradiation showed remarkably to promote the MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblast cells adhesion and proliferation especially after 7 days of culture. Further, the PA&TiO2-UV coating adhered more firmly on Mg substrate after 90° bending than the other coatings, indicating a better mechanical compliance on Mg substrate. These results make this PA&TiO2-UV complex coating bodes well for biodegradation slowing-down, osteo-compatible as well as mechanical compliant modification of Mg for orthopedic implants applications.

3.
Int J Med Robot ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31925864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radical resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma is considered one of the most complicated abdominal operations. We report our initial experience with robotic radical resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Between March 2017 and February 2019, the perioperative outcomes of 48 patients were analysed. In addition, there were two techniques for hepaticojejunostomy in the robotic approach. Comparison of the conventional and novel methods for hepaticojejunostomy was also performed to assess the efficacy of the technique. RESULTS: The operative duration and intraoperative blood loss volume was 276 minutes and 150 mL, respectively. The overall morbidity was 58.3% and the major morbidity was 10.4%. The overall mortality was 0%. No significant differences in the perioperative outcomes of hepaticojejunostomy were found between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Robotic resection is a potential alternative to open surgery for appropriately selected patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Further studies are required to detect the long-term outcomes of this procedure. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 88: 370-384, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862078

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous in the atmosphere and they mostly stem from the imperfect combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels. PAHs are inherently associated with homogenous fine particles or distributed to different-sized particles during the aging of air masses. PAHs carried by fine particles undergo a long-range transport to remote areas while those adsorbed on coarse particles have a shorter lifetime in ambient air. More importantly, PAHs with higher molecular weights tend to be bound with finer particles and can deeply enter the lungs, posing severe health risks to humans. Thus, the environmental fate and health effects of particulate PAHs are strongly size-dependent. This review summarizes the size distributions of particulate PAHs freshly emitted from combustion sources as well as the distribution patterns of PAHs in ambient particles. It was found that PAHs from stationary sources are primarily bound to fine particles, which are slightly larger than particles to which PAHs from mobile sources are bound. In ambient air, particulate PAHs are distributed in larger size modes than those in the combustion fume, and the particle size decreases with PAH molecular weight increasing. The relevant mechanisms and influencing factors of particle size distribution changes are illustrated in this article, which are essentially attributed to combustion and ambient temperature as well as the physical and chemical properties of PAHs. Overall, the study on the particle size distribution of PAHs will contribute for a full understanding of the origin, atmospheric behaviors and health effects of particulate PAHs.

5.
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci ; 378(2164): 20190165, 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865880

RESUMO

Relying simply on bitwise operators, the recently introduced Tsetlin machine (TM) has provided competitive pattern classification accuracy in several benchmarks, including text understanding. In this paper, we introduce the regression Tsetlin machine (RTM), a new class of TMs designed for continuous input and output, targeting nonlinear regression problems. In all brevity, we convert continuous input into a binary representation based on thresholding, and transform the propositional formula formed by the TM into an aggregated continuous output. Our empirical comparison of the RTM with state-of-the-art regression techniques reveals either superior or on par performance on five datasets. This article is part of the theme issue 'Harmonizing energy-autonomous computing and intelligence'.

6.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 6(23): 1901557, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832316

RESUMO

Room-temperature Na-S batteries are facing one of the most serious challenges of charge/discharge with long cycling stability due to the severe shuttle effect and volume expansion. Herein, a sodium polysulfides defense system is presented by designing and constructing the cathode-separator double barriers. In this strategy, the hollow carbon spheres are decorated with MoS2 (HCS/MoS2) as the S carrier (S@HCS/MoS2). Meanwhile, the HCS/MoS2 composite is uniformly coated on the surface of the glass fiber as the separator. During the discharge process, the MoS2 can adsorb soluble polysulfides (NaPSs) intermediates and the hollow carbon spheres can improve the conductivity of S as well as act as the reservoir for electrolyte and NaPSs, inhibiting them from entering the anode to make Na deteriorate. As a result, the cathode-separator group applied to room-temperature Na-S battery can enable a capacity of ≈1309 mAh g-1 at 0.1 C and long cycling life up to 1000 cycles at 1 C. This study provides a novel and effective way to develop durable room-temperature Na-S batteries.

7.
J Autoimmun ; : 102360, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gut dysbiosis has been reported implicated in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), a common chronic inflammatory disease mainly affects sacroiliac joints and spine. Utilizing deep sequencing on the feces of untreated AS patients, our study aimed at providing an in-depth understanding of AS gut microbiota. METHODS: We analyzed the fecal metagenome of 85 untreated AS patients and 62 healthy controls by metagenomic shotgun sequencing, and 23 post-treatment feces of those AS patients were collected for comparison. Comparative analyses among different cohorts including AS, rheumatoid arthritis and Behcet's disease were performed to uncover some common signatures related to inflammatory arthritis. Molecular mimicry of a microbial peptide was also demonstrated by ELISpot assay. RESULTS: We identified AS-enriched species including Bacteroides coprophilus, Parabacteroides distasonis, Eubacterium siraeum, Acidaminococcus fermentans and Prevotella copri. Pathway analysis revealed increased oxidative phosphorylation, lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis and glycosaminoglycan degradation in AS gut microbiota. Microbial signatures of AS gut selected by random forest model showed high distinguishing accuracy. Some common signatures related to autoimmunity, such as Bacteroides fragilis and type III secretion system (T3SS), were also found. Finally, in vitro experiments demonstrated an increased amount of IFN-γ producing cells triggered by a bacterial peptide of AS-enriched species, mimicking type II collagen. CONCLUSIONS: These findings collectively indicate that gut microbiota was perturbed in untreated AS patients with diagnostic potential, and some AS-enriched species might be triggers of autoimmunity by molecular mimicry. Additionally, different inflammatory arthritis shared some common microbial signatures.

8.
Nat Med ; 25(12): 1938-1947, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31792461

RESUMO

B-cell lymphoma extra large (BCL-XL) is a well-validated cancer target. However, the on-target and dose-limiting thrombocytopenia limits the use of BCL-XL inhibitors, such as ABT263, as safe and effective anticancer agents. To reduce the toxicity of ABT263, we converted it into DT2216, a BCL-XL proteolysis-targeting chimera (PROTAC), that targets BCL-XL to the Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) E3 ligase for degradation. We found that DT2216 was more potent against various BCL-XL-dependent leukemia and cancer cells but considerably less toxic to platelets than ABT263 in vitro because VHL is poorly expressed in platelets. In vivo, DT2216 effectively inhibits the growth of several xenograft tumors as a single agent or in combination with other chemotherapeutic agents, without causing appreciable thrombocytopenia. These findings demonstrate the potential to use PROTAC technology to reduce on-target drug toxicities and rescue the therapeutic potential of previously undruggable targets. Furthermore, DT2216 may be developed as a safe first-in-class anticancer agent targeting BCL-XL.

9.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 10487-10493, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819529

RESUMO

Purpose: It has been reported that circulating levels of IgG antibodies against p16, CD25 and FOXP3 proteins were significantly changed in patients with lung cancer, breast cancer and esophageal cancer. However, different peptide fragments appear to trigger different immune responses. This work aimed to analyze the alteration of plasma IgG for p16-derived peptide antigen called p16a, CD25-derived peptide antigen called CD25a and a FOXP3-derived antigen in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Patients and methods: An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed in-house to detect plasma IgG to p16a, CD25a and FOXP3 in 119 patients with HCC and 132 control subjects. Results: Circulating levels of IgG antibodies for all three peptide antigens were significantly higher in HCC patients than control subjects (P<0.001 for all 3 assays); male patients mainly contributed to increase (P<0.01 for all 3 assays). Further analysis showed that plasma anti-p16a, anti-CD25a and anti-FOXP3 IgG levels were increased mainly in patients with intermediate and late-stage HCC (P<0.01 for both assays). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that with a specificity of >95%, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.62 with 11.4% sensitivity for anti-p16a assay, 0.68 with 14.3% sensitivity for anti-CD25a IgG assay and 0.64 with 10.1% sensitivity for anti-FOXP3 assay. Of the three groups of HCC patients, group 3 (BCLC stage C+D) showed the best sensitivity for the detection of plasma anti-p16a and anti-FOXP3 IgG levels with an AUC of 0.66 and 0.65. Conclusion: Circulating IgG antibody to p16a, CD25a and FOXP3 proteins may be a useful biomarker for assessment of HCC prognosis of this malignancy, especially in male patients with HCC.

10.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 12: 2583-2587, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824185

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aims to report the clinical features of an infant with CGL in a Chinese Zhuang ethnic family, whose family members were discovered to carry new pathogenic mutations in the BSCL2. Patients and methods: In this study, we report clinical and molecular investigations of CGL disease in a family of 4 members (parents and two sons). We used whole exome sequencing (WES) in the family to examine the genetic cause of the disease. Results: The proband presented with skin pigmentation, hypertriglyceridemia and diabetes. WES identified a previously unreported compound heterozygous mutation in the BSCL2 (c.545_546insCCG heterozygous mutation and exon 3 heterozygous deletion) in the proband. His mother is a heterozygous carrier of the c.545_546insCCG mutation and his father and brother are carriers of the exon 3 heterozygous deletion. Conclusion: Compound heterozygous mutation of the BSCL2 (new c.545_546insCCG heterozygous mutation and new exon 3 heterozygous deletion) was detected in the proband with characteristic clinical manifestations of CGL2.

11.
Front Oncol ; 9: 879, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824835

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between tumor PD-L1 expression and patient survival to determine whether PD-L1 represents an independent prognostic feature for patients with non-metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Patients and Methods: The tissue bank of the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center was queried to identity tissue samples of patients treated with radical nephrectomy, for non-metastatic sporadic clear cell RCC (ccRCC) between 2008 and 2015. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry staining was performed to detect the expression level of PD-L1 in paired cancer tissue and paracancerous tissue. Results: Three-hundred-and-thirty patients were enrolled in this study, with a mean age of 55.0 years at surgery and a mean tumor size of 5.2 cm. Two-hundred-and-forty-two (73.3%) and 88 (26.7%) patients showed a high and low expression of PD-L1 mRNA, respectively, while 254 patients had positive PD-L1 immunohistochemistry staining. Two-hundred-and-ninety-two patients had consistent results for mRNA and the PD-L1 protein based on these different detection methods. Patients with high PD-L1 expression were more likely to exhibit adverse pathologic features including an advanced T stage (P = 0.002) and lymph node metastasis (P = 0.044). The Kaplan-Meier curves of PFS and OS stratified by PD-L1 expression had a statistically significant difference. PD-L1 expression maintained a significant predictive role for PFS and OS in the multivariate cox model. Conclusions: Our data suggests that PD-L1 correlates with prognosis in RCC and targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway should be considered in the treatment of RCC patients.

12.
Stem Cells Int ; 2019: 6257537, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827530

RESUMO

Aged tendon-derived stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) lead to age-related tendon disorders and impair tendon healing. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of TSPC aging remain largely unknown. Here, we investigated the role of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in TSPC aging. CTGF protein and mRNA levels were markedly decreased in the aged TSPCs. Moreover, recombinant CTGF attenuates TSPC aging and restores the age-associated reduction of self-renewal and differentiation of TSPCs. In addition, cell cycle distribution of aged TSPCs was arrested in the G1/S phase while recombinant CTGF treatment promoted G1/S transition. Recombinant CTGF also rescued decreased levels of cyclin D1 and CDK4 and reduced p27kip1 expression in aged TSPCs. Our results demonstrated that CTGF plays a vital role in TSPC aging and might be a potential target for molecular therapy of age-related tendon disorders.

13.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 7165160, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828122

RESUMO

Background: Cryptococcosis following kidney transplantation (KT) is rare but is associated with considerably increased risk of mortality. At present, data on the association between cryptococcosis and KT in mainland China remain relatively limited. Objectives: This study aims to review our experience related to the management of cryptococcosis following KT at a Chinese tertiary hospital. Methods: All patients with cryptococcosis following KT admitted to our hospital from January 2010 to December 2018 were reviewed. Results: A total of 37 patients with cryptococcosis were enrolled (males: 62.2%). The mean age of the patients was 49.5 ± 9.38 (20-64) years. The average time to infection following KT was 7.0 ± 5.50 years (5 months to 21 years), and 30 patients (81.1%) had cryptococcosis onset >2 years following transplantation. The most common site of infection was the central nervous system, followed by the pulmonary system and skin. Most patients received fluconazole or voriconazole with or without flucytosine as their initial treatment regimen at our hospital. The 2-week mortality rate was 8.1% (3/37), and five patients (13.5%) died within 6 months of being diagnosed with cryptococcosis. Remarkably, all patients who received high-dose fluconazole (800 mg daily) or voriconazole ± flucytosine survived. Conclusions: Cryptococcosis in kidney transplant recipients is typically a late-occurring infection, with most patients having cryptococcosis onset >2 years following KT at our hospital. The central nervous system, pulmonary system, and skin are the main sites of infection. Voriconazole or high-dose fluconazole can be used as an alternative therapy for post-KT cryptococcosis.

14.
Syst Rev ; 8(1): 302, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) are the major interventions of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which are typically administered as either single herbs or formulas. The Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) of CHMs are essential references for evaluating the efficacy and safety of CHMs interventions; they are expected to be accurate and reliable. This study aimed to assess the reporting quality of these SRs, particularly whether necessary information related to CHM was adequately reported. METHODS: The Cochrane Database was systematically searched for all SRs of CHM that were published up to 31 December 2017. The primary analysis was to assess their reporting quality based on 27-item of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and 9-item of CHM-related information designed according to TCM theory. Descriptive statistics were additionally used to analyze their baseline characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 109 Cochrane SRs of CHM were identified from 1999 to 2017. For 27-item of PRISMA, 26 had the reporting compliances higher than 50%, of which 11 were fully reporting (100%). However, for CHM-related information, 65 (59.6%) SRs did not report the specific name of the CHM in the title, 42 (38.5%) lacked TCM-related rationales in the introduction, 62 (56.9%) did not include CHM-related characteristics in the additional analyses, and 77 (70.6%) did not analyze CHM results in terms of TCM-related theories in the discussion. Of 97 SRs that included clinical trials, 38 (39.2%) did not provide the details of composition and dosage of CHMs, 85 (87.6%) did not report the CHM sources, 13 (13.4%) did not provide the dosage form, 95 (97.9%) lacked CHM quality control information, and 57 (58.8%) did not describe details of the controls. For 62 (72.9%) of 85 SRs that included meta-analysis, it was impossible to assess whether meta-analysis had been properly conducted due to inadequate reporting of CHM interventions. CONCLUSION: Although the Cochrane SRs of CHM showed reporting compliance with PRISMA checklist, their reporting quality needs improvement, especially about full reporting of CHM interventions and of TCM-related rationales. Reporting guideline of "PRISMA extension for CHM interventions" should be developed thus to improve their quality.

15.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5608, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811145

RESUMO

Sweet maize and popcorn retain tillering growth habit during maize diversification. However, the underlying molecular genetic mechanism remains unknown. Here, we show that the retention of maize tillering is controlled by a major quantitative trait locus (QTL), tin1, which encodes a C2H2-zinc-finger transcription factor that acts independently of tb1. In sweet maize, a splice-site variant from G/GT to C/GT leads to intron retention, which enhances tin1 transcript levels and consequently increases tiller number. Comparative genomics analysis and DNA diversity analysis reveal that tin1 is under parallel selection across different cereal species. tin1 is involved in multiple pathways, directly represses two tiller-related genes, gt1 and Laba1/An-2, and interacts with three TOPLESS proteins to regulate the outgrowth of tiller buds. Our results support that maize tin1, derived from a standing variation in wild progenitor teosinte population, determines tillering retention during maize diversification.

16.
J Clin Invest ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815740

RESUMO

An excess of fecal bile acids (BAs) is thought to be one of the mechanisms for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). However, the factors causing excessive BA excretion remain incompletely studied. Given the importance of gut microbiota in BA metabolism, we hypothesized that gut dysbiosis might contribute to excessive BA excretion in IBS-D. By performing BA-related metabolic and metagenomic analyses in 290 IBS-D patients and 89 healthy volunteers, we found that 24.5% of IBS-D patients exhibited excessive excretion of total BAs and alteration of BA-transforming bacteria in feces. Notably, the increase in Clostridia bacteria (e.g., C. scindens) was positively associated with the levels of fecal BAs and serum 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one (C4), but negatively correlated with serum fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) concentration. Furthermore, colonization with Clostridia-rich IBS-D fecal microbiota or C. scindens individually enhanced serum C4 and hepatic conjugated BAs but reduced ileal FGF19 expression in mice. Inhibition of Clostridium species with vancomycin yielded opposite results. Clostridia-derived BAs suppressed the intestinal FGF19 expression in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the Clostridia-rich microbiota contributes to excessive BA excretion in IBS-D patients, which provides a mechanistic hypothesis with testable clinical implications.

17.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Because acquired hemophilia (AH) is a rare entity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), we aimed to investigate the clinical features of SLE-related AH in Chinese patients. METHODS: This is a medical records review study carried out at a large tertiary care hospital in China from years 1986 to 2018. We searched the case database in Peking Union Medical College Hospital using the International Classification of Diseases. The clinical data on SLE-related AH patients were collected. RESULTS: A total of 9282 SLE patients had been hospitalized. Six female SLE-related AH patients were identified. Four patients had acquired hemophilia A (AHA), and 2 patients had acquired von Willebrand syndrome. Their mean age was 33.67 ± 13.77 years. Five patients had active disease. The mean SLE disease activity index measured at the time of diagnosis of AH was 10.50 ± 5.28. The average level of activated partial thromboplastin time was 86.5 seconds. Coexistence of secondary antiphospholipid syndrome and AHA was found in one case, and pulmonary embolism was observed 3 years later. After immunosuppressive therapy and symptomatic treatment, an overall remission rate of 83.3% was achieved. CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of SLE-related AH was low. The development of AH in SLE patients frequently occurs with active disease. The AH could be the first clinical presentation of SLE. Secondary antiphospholipid syndrome and AHA could appear in the same SLE patient. Early and aggressive treatment contributes to a favorable prognosis.

18.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 295, 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CD4+ T cells play critical roles in the pathogenesis of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). The aim of this study was to investigate the TCR repertoire of peripheral blood CD4+ T cells in IgG4-RD. METHODS: The peripheral blood was collected from six healthy controls and eight IgG4-RD patients. TCR ß-chain libraries of CD4+ T cells were constructed by 5'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (5'-RACE) and sequenced by Illumina Miseq platform. The relative similarity of TCR repertoires between samples was evaluated according to the total frequencies of shared clonotypes (metric F), correlation of frequencies of shared clonotypes (metric R), and total number of shared clonotypes (metric D). RESULTS: The clonal expansion and diversity of CD4+ T cell repertoire were comparable between healthy controls and IgG4-RD patients, while the proportion of expanded and coding degenerated clones, as an indicator of antigen-driven clonal expansion, was significantly higher in IgG4-RD patients. There was no significant difference in TRBV and TRBJ gene usage between healthy controls and IgG4-RD patients. The complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3) length distribution was skewed towards longer fragments in IgG4-RD. Visualization of relative similarity of TCR repertoires by multi-dimensional scaling analysis showed that TCR repertoires of IgG4-RD patients were separated from that of healthy controls in F and D metrics. We identified 11 IgG4-RD-specific CDR3 amino acid sequences that were expanded in at least 2 IgG4-RD patients, while not detected in healthy controls. According to TCR clonotype networks constructed by connecting all the CDR3 sequences with a Levenshtein distance of 1, 3 IgG4-RD-specific clusters were identified. We annotated the TCR sequences with known antigen specificity according to McPAS-TCR database and found that the frequencies of TCR sequences associated with each disease or immune function were comparable between healthy controls and IgG4-RD patients. CONCLUSION: According to our study of CD4+ T cells from eight IgG4-RD patients, TCR repertoires of IgG4-RD patients were different from that of healthy controls in the proportion of expanded and coding degenerated clones and CDR3 length distribution. In addition, IgG4-RD-specific TCR sequences and clusters were identified in our study.

19.
BMC Genomics ; 20(Suppl 9): 958, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874631

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Jatropha curcas is an oil-bearing plant, and has seeds with high oil content (~ 40%). Several advantages, such as easy genetic transformation and short generation duration, have led to the emergence of J. curcas as a model for woody energy plants. With the development of high-throughput sequencing, the genome of Jatropha curcas has been sequenced by different groups and a mass of transcriptome data was released. How to integrate and analyze these omics data is crucial for functional genomics research on J. curcas. RESULTS: By establishing pipelines for processing novel gene identification, gene function annotation, and gene network construction, we systematically integrated and analyzed a series of J. curcas transcriptome data. Based on these data, we constructed a J. curcas database (JCDB), which not only includes general gene information, gene functional annotation, gene interaction networks, and gene expression matrices but also provides tools for browsing, searching, and downloading data, as well as online BLAST, the JBrowse genome browser, ID conversion, heatmaps, and gene network analysis tools. CONCLUSIONS: JCDB is the most comprehensive and well annotated knowledge base for J. curcas. We believe it will make a valuable contribution to the functional genomics study of J. curcas. The database is accessible at http://jcdb.xtbg.ac.cn.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845284

RESUMO

It is often difficult to apply existing waste load allocation (WLA) models to management institutions at all levels of the river basin because the existing WLA models do not consider the principles of fairness and efficiency at each management level of the basin. The implementation of environmental protection tax law has also greatly impacted WLA. This paper proposes the bi-level multiobjective allocation model under an environmental protection tax law to solve the WLA problem for different management levels. The upper allocation targets the minimal environmental Gini coefficient and the minimal unit pollutant emission cost. The impact of the environmental protection tax is also considered. The targets of the lower-level allocation are the maximal industrial output value and the minimal unevenness of reduction rates. The proposed model was applied to the case of the Wei River basin, and the results demonstrated that the bi-level multiobjective allocation model could solve the problem of WLA under an environmental protection tax law. Each level of the bi-level multiobjective allocation model considers the principles of fairness and efficiency to distribute the load in the basin, thereby offering a better reference for decision-makers at both levels.

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