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1.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34819618

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic fatal lung disease characterized by destruction of lung parenchyma and deposition of extracellular matrix in interstitial and alveolar spaces. But known drugs for IPF are far from meeting clinical demands, validation of drug targets against pulmonary fibrosis is in urgent demand. Tyrosine kinase receptor DDRs has been considered as a potential therapeutic target for pulmonary fibrosis due to its pathological collagen binding property and the roles in regulating extracellular matrix remodeling. In this study we designed and synthesized a new indazole derivative XBLJ-13, and identified XBLJ-13 as a highly specific and potent DDRs inhibitor with anti-inflammation and anti-fibrosis activities. We first demonstrated that DDR1/2 was highly expressed in the lung tissues of IPF patients. Then we showed that XBLJ-13 potently inhibited DDR1 and DDR2 kinases with IC50 values of 17.18 nM and 15.13 nM, respectively. Among a panel of 34 kinases tested, XBLJ-13 displayed relatively high selectivity for DDRs with minimal inhibitory effect on PDGFR family and FGFR1, as well as Abl kinase that had high homology with DDRs. Extensive profiling of XBLJ-13 revealed that the new inhibitor had much lower toxicity than nintedanib and better pharmacokinetic properties in mice. Furthermore, pharmacodynamic evaluation conducted in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis mice showed that administration of XBLJ-13 (30, 60, 90 mg·kg-1·d-1, i.g.) for 12 days significantly and dose-dependently ameliorated lung inflammation and fibrosis. Together, this study confirms that DDRs kinase is a potential target for PF, Particularly, compound XBLJ-13 is a highly potent and specific DDRs inhibitor, along with good pharmacokinetics profiles, and preferable in vivo efficacy, suggesting that it is a potential candidate for the treatment of PF.

2.
Hortic Res ; 8(1): 244, 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795210

RESUMO

The fruits of Physalis (Solanaceae) have a unique structure, a lantern-like fruiting calyx known as inflated calyx syndrome (ICS) or the Chinese lantern, and are rich in steroid-related compounds. However, the genetic variations underlying the origin of these characteristic traits and diversity in Physalis remain largely unknown. Here, we present a high-quality chromosome-level reference genome assembly of Physalis floridana (~1.40 Gb in size) with a contig N50 of ~4.87 Mb. Through evolutionary genomics and experimental approaches, we found that the loss of the SEP-like MADS-box gene MBP21 subclade is likely a key mutation that, together with the previously revealed mutation affecting floral MPF2 expression, might have contributed to the origination of ICS in Physaleae, suggesting that the origination of a morphological novelty may have resulted from an evolutionary scenario in which one mutation compensated for another deleterious mutation. Moreover, the significant expansion of squalene epoxidase genes is potentially associated with the natural variation of steroid-related compounds in Physalis fruits. The results reveal the importance of gene gains (duplication) and/or subsequent losses as genetic bases of the evolution of distinct fruit traits, and the data serve as a valuable resource for the evolutionary genetics and breeding of solanaceous crops.

3.
Pediatr Cardiol ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779880

RESUMO

The relationship between center-specific variation in indication for pediatric heart transplantation and short-term outcomes after heart transplantation is not well described. We used merged patient- and hospital-level data from the United Network for Organ Sharing and the Pediatric Health Information Systems to analyze outcomes according to transplant indication for a cohort of children (≤ 21 years old) who underwent heart transplantation between 2004 and 2015. Outcomes included 30-day mortality, transplant hospital admission mortality, and hospital length of stay, with multivariable adjustment performed according to patient and center characteristics. The merged cohort reflected 2169 heart transplants at 20 U.S. centers. The median number of transplants annually at each center was 11.6, but ranged from 3.5 to 22.6 transplants/year. Congenital heart disease was the indication in the plurality of cases (49.2%), with cardiomyopathy (46%) and myocarditis (4.8%) accounting for the remainder. There was significant center-to-center variability in congenital heart disease as the principal indication, ranging from 15% to 66% (P < 0.0001). After adjustment, neither center volume nor proportion of indications for transplantation were associated with 30-day or transplant hospital admission mortality. In this large, merged pediatric cohort, variation was observed at center level in annual transplant volume and prevalence of indications for heart transplantation. Despite this variability, center volume and proportion of indications represented at a given center did not appear to impact short-term outcomes.

4.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 804, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749656

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase (XTH) family plays an important role in cell wall reconstruction and stress resistance in plants. However, the detailed characteristics of XTH family genes and their expression pattern under salt stress have not been reported in poplar. RESULTS: In this study, a total of 43 PtrXTH genes were identified from Populus simonii × Populus nigra, and most of them contain two conserved structures (Glyco_hydro_16 and XET_C domain). The promoters of the PtrXTH genes contain mutiple cis-acting elements related to growth and development and stress responses. Collinearity analysis revealed that the XTH genes from poplar has an evolutionary relationship with other six species, including Eucalyptus robusta, Solanum lycopersicum, Glycine max, Arabidopsis, Zea mays and Oryza sativa. Based on RNA-Seq analysis, the PtrXTH genes have different expression patterns in the roots, stems and leaves, and many of them are highly expressed in the roots. In addition, there are11 differentially expressed PtrXTH genes in the roots, 9 in the stems, and 7 in the leaves under salt stress. In addition, the accuracy of RNA-Seq results was verified by RT-qPCR. CONCLUSION: All the results indicated that XTH family genes may play an important role in tissue specificity and salt stress response. This study will lay a theoretical foundation for further study on molecular function of XTH genes in poplar.


Assuntos
Glicosiltransferases , Hidrolases/genética , Proteínas de Plantas , Populus , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Glicosiltransferases/genética , Glicosiltransferases/metabolismo , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Populus/enzimologia , Populus/metabolismo , Estresse Salino
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(11): 1037-1040, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729738

RESUMO

Clinical practice of Medical Genetics involves application of various genetic techniques for the diagnosis of genetic disorders and subsequent genetic counseling and treatment. The principles of Medical Ethics must be fully taken into account when applying genetic knowledge for medical practice. Medical Ethics education is therefore essential for the standardized training of resident doctors in medical genetics department. With a basic system of Medical Genetics Physician Training established, our hospital has made a preliminary exploration for the development of Medical Ethics teaching in resident training through various teaching practices including seminar, network teaching, case study, scene teaching and outpatient teaching, with an aim to strengthen Medical Ethnics knowledge, professionalism and communication skills, and implement Medical Ethics principles throughout clinical practice.


Assuntos
Genética Médica , Currículo , Escolaridade , Ética Médica , Humanos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751881

RESUMO

Carbon emission trading policy is of great importance for addressing climate change and reducing carbon emissions. Reducing carbon emissions could further affect energy efficiency (EE). Based on the data from 30 provinces in China from 2006 to 2017, this paper first calculated EE by using the super slack-based model (Super-SBM) and then analysed the theoretical mechanism of the impact of carbon emission trading policy on EE. We also used a difference-in-difference (DID) model and mediation effect model for empirical analysis. Finally, we established the spatial difference-in-difference (SDID) model to test the policy spillover effects of carbon emission trading policy. The results showed that the high EE areas have gradually shifted to the central and eastern regions during 2006-2017 in China. The EE value in the pilot area of the carbon emission trading policy was obviously higher than that in the non-pilot area. Carbon emission trading policy had a significant positive effect on improving EE overall. In particular, green technology innovation and energy structure both had positive mediation effects on carbon emission trading policy affecting EE. However, the industrial structuring adjustment had no significant mediation effect in its influencing mechanism. Additionally, the spatial spillover effects test showed that the carbon emission trading policy had a positive effect on the EE of the pilot areas but a negative effect on that of the non-pilot areas.

7.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(2): 142-146, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34672151

RESUMO

Objective: To screen the influencing factors of hypertensive heart disease (HHD), establish the predictive model of HHD, and provide early warning for the occurrence of HHD. Methods: Select the patients diagnosed as hypertensive heart disease or hypertensionfrom January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019, in the medical data science academy of a medical school. Influencing factors were screened through single factor and multi-factor analysis, and R software was used to construct the logistics model, random forest (RF) model and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) model. Results: Univariate analysis screened 60 difference indicators, and multifactor analysis screened 18 difference indicators (P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) of Logistics model, RF model and XGBoost model are 0.979, 0.983 and 0.990, respectively. Conclusion: The results of the three HHD prediction models established in this paper are stable, and the XGBoost prediction model has a good diagnostic effect on the occurrence of HHD.


Assuntos
Cardiopatias , Aprendizado de Máquina , Biomarcadores , Humanos
8.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 724935, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690966

RESUMO

There is a growing global concern regarding the rise of antimicrobial resistance among Ureaplasma spp. isolates. However, studies on the antimicrobial susceptibility profiles, resistance mechanisms, and clonality of Ureaplasma spp. clinical isolates are still limited and cover only some geographic regions. Firstly, Ureaplasma species from the urogenital tracts of patients in Shanghai, China, were isolated by using the culture medium (A8 and 10B broth), and identified the genotype by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Secondly, the antimicrobial susceptibility tests were determined by using broth microdilution assay. Then, the resistance genetic determinants to fluoroquinolones (FQs), macrolides, and tetracyclines were investigated through PCR/DNA sequencing. Finally, the molecular epidemiology of Ureaplasma species was studied by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Among 258 isolates, Ureaplasma parvum (UPA) and Ureaplasma urealyticum (UUR) were found in 226 (87.60%) and 32 (12.40%) isolates, respectively. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 258 Ureaplasma spp. strains ranged from 0.015 to 64µg/ml for all 11 kinds of antimicrobials. Regardless of species, the isolates were most sensitive to AZI (1.94%), JOS (3.49%), and CLA (4.23%). Among them, there were 39 (15.12%) multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains, including 32 UPA isolates. The resistance rates of UPA to CIP (91.59%), and ROX (36.28%) were significantly higher than those of UUR. Twenty six FQ-resistant isolates had amino acid substitutions in gyrA and in parC (Ser83Leu). Mutations were detected in genes encoding ribosomal proteins L4 (Thr84Ile) and L22 (Ser81Pro) in macrolide-resistant isolates. Tet(M) was found in four UPA isolates. These mutations were mainly found in UPA isolates. Sequence type 1 (ST1) was the predominant ST, which contained 18 isolates. In conclusion, this study showed a higher resistance rate (especially to ROX and CIP), higher substitution rate, and higher MDR rate among UPA strains. The most active antimicrobial agents were AZI, JOS, and CLA. Identifying UPA or UUR in clinical isolates could help clinicians to choose appropriate drugs for treatment. The main resistance mechanisms may involve gene substitution of Ser83Leu in parC and Ser81Pro in L22. ST1 was the predominant ST of Ureaplasma isolates with MDR to FQs and macrolides in Shanghai, China.

9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 755206, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692544

RESUMO

Liver cancer is the fifth most common malignant tumor in terms of incidence and the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality globally. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of primary liver cancer. Although great progress has been made in surgical techniques, hepatic artery chemoembolization, molecular targeting and immunotherapy, the prognosis of liver cancer patients remains very poor. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant internal RNA modification in eukaryotic cells and regulates various stages of the RNA life cycle. Many studies have reported that the abnormal expression of m6A-related regulators in HCC represent diagnostic and prognostic markers and potential therapeutic targets. In this review, firstly, we introduce the latest research on m6A-related regulators in detail. Next, we summarize the mechanism of each regulator in the pathogenesis and progression of HCC. Finally, we summarize the potential diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic value of the regulators currently reported in HCC.

10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(9): 3327-3334, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658219

RESUMO

In this study, we examined the toxic effect of sublethal doses of acetochlor (1, 2, 4, 8 mg·kg-1) on earthworms by exogenous addition. The growth inhibition rate, cytochrome P450 isozymes (CYP1A2, 2C9 and 3A4) activities and the metabolomics were analyzed after seven days of exposure, to infer the toxicity threshold of acetochlor, screen the sensitive biomarkers from the levels of the individual, detoxified enzymes and small molecular metabolites, and elucidate the underlying toxicity mechanism. The results showed that CYP1A2, 2C9 and 3A4 activities were all significantly inhibited, and that the levels of ten metabolites (fructose-6-diphosphate, cytosine monophosphate, uridine monophosphate, adenosine monophosphate, adenosine, xanthine, fumaric acid, dihydroxyglutaric acid, ornithine and 16-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid) were significantly decreased by acetochlor exposure. The levels of six metabolites (adenosine succinic acid, succinic acid, arginine, tryptophan, asparagine and phenylalanine) were significantly increased when earthworms being exposed to 2-8 mg·kg-1 acetochlor. Acetochlor exposure caused oxidative damage to earthworms, weakened the glycolysis, disturbed the tricarboxylic acid cycle, disordered the purine and pyrimidine metabolism, and impaired the amino acids metabolism. Compared with the end point at individual level, the above 16 small molecule metabolites and CYP isozymes activities were more sensitive to acetochlor exposure. It was thus recommended that CYP isozymes (1A2, 2C9, and 3A4) activities and small molecular metabolites could be used as a set of biomarkers to diagnose the acetochlor pollution, given their high sensitivity and accuracy.


Assuntos
Oligoquetos , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Toluidinas/análise , Toluidinas/toxicidade
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 542, 2021 10 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and sarcopenia are major health issues in postmenopausal women due to their high prevalence and association with several adverse outcomes. However, no biomarkers may be used for screening and diagnosis. The current study investigated potential biomarkers for osteoporosis and/or sarcopenia in postmenopausal women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study on 478 healthy community-dwelling postmenopausal women aged 50-90 years was performed. Osteoporosis and sarcopenia were defined according to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS). RESULTS: Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) was related to muscle strength (ß = 0.19, p = 0.041) and function (ß = 0.58, p = 0.004). Follistatin (ß = - 0.27, p = 0.01) was related to muscle mass. Oxytocin (ß = 0.59, p = 0.044) and DHEA (ß = 0.51, p = 0.017) were related to bone mass. After adjusting for age, oxytocin (odds ratio (OR) 0.75; 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.63-0.98; p = 0.019) was associated with osteoporosis, and DHEA (OR 0.73; 95% CI 0.51-0.96; p = 0.032) and follistatin (OR 1.66; 95% CI 1.19-3.57; p = 0.022) were associated with sarcopenia. CONCLUSIONS: Postmenopausal women with sarcopenia were more likely to have lower DHEA levels and higher follistatin levels, and postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were more likely to have lower oxytocin levels.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Sarcopenia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Desidroepiandrosterona/sangue , Feminino , Folistatina/sangue , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/diagnóstico , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Ocitocina/sangue , Pós-Menopausa , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia
12.
Hosp Pediatr ; 11(11): 1272-1280, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Depression and anxiety are common in children with asthma, and asthma hospitalization is an underused opportunity to identify mental health concerns. We assessed depression and anxiety symptoms during asthma hospitalization and 1 to 2 months post discharge. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included children aged 7 to 17 years who were hospitalized for asthma exacerbation. Participants completed the self-report PROMIS (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) depression and anxiety symptom scales (T score mean = 50, SD = 10) during hospitalization and 1 to 2 months after discharge. Higher scores indicate more symptoms and/or greater severity. We compared patients' scores during hospitalization and at follow-up using paired t tests and examined individual patients' depression and anxiety symptom trajectories using a Sankey diagram. RESULTS: Among 96 participants who completed the study, 53% had elevated symptoms of depression, anxiety, or both either during hospitalization or after discharge. During hospitalization, 38% had elevated depression symptoms and 45% had elevated anxiety symptoms. At postdischarge follow-up, 18% had elevated depression symptoms and 20% had elevated anxiety symptoms. We observed all possible symptom trajectories: symptoms during hospitalization that persisted (especially if both depression and anxiety symptoms were present), symptoms that resolved, and symptoms that were present at follow-up only. CONCLUSIONS: Just more than half of youth hospitalized for asthma exacerbation experienced depression and/or anxiety symptoms during hospitalization or at follow-up. Patients who had both depression and anxiety symptoms during hospitalization were the most likely to have persistent symptoms at follow-up. Screening at both time points may be useful to identify mental health symptoms.

13.
Mol Immunol ; 140: 87-96, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673375

RESUMO

Interferon stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) is one of the most robustly upregulated interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) and also a ubiquitin-like modifier which has been reported to play an important role in host defense against pathogens. Cytosolic nucleic acids detected by DNA sensors induce type Ⅰ interferons (IFN-Ⅰs) and ISGs in host cells. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pn) autolysin LytA triggers bacterial lysis and then S. pn-derived genomic DNA (hereafter referred to as S. pn-DNA) can be released and accumulates in the cytoplasm of host cells. However, it remains elusive whether LytA-mediated S. pn-DNA release is involved in ISG15 induction. Here we verified that ISG15 conjugation system can be widely activated by S. pn and cytosolic S. pn-DNA in host cells. Moreover, the phagocytosis of macrophages to the mutant strain S. pn D39 ΔlytA was enhanced when compared to S. pn D39, which in turn increased S. pn-DNA uptake into macrophages and augmented ISG15 expression. ISG15 might upregulate proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) in macrophages and further promoted the clearance of S. pn in the absence of LytA. These results indicate that S. pn autolysis blunts ISG15 induction through preventing bacteria internalization and reducing cytosolic S. pn-DNA accumulation in macrophages, revealing a new strategy of S. pn for avoiding elimination. This study will help us to further understand the role of ISG15 during S. pn infection as well as the regulatory mechanisms of immune responses mediated by bacterial autolysis and bacterial DNA.

14.
Mol Biol Rep ; 48(12): 8023-8032, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uric acid (UA) transporters mediate the uptake and outflow of UA, and are greatly involved in the control of UA concentrations. Glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9), one of the UA transporters, has been confirmed to be expressed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). This study aimed to characterize GLUT9's effect on intracellular UA accumulation in HUVECs in a high-UA environment and to explore the mechanism of cellular dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: HUVECs were treated with UA to establish a model of cellular dysfunction. Then, UA uptake, GLUT9 expression and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) amounts were measured. UA uptake was concentration- and time-dependent, and UA treatment significantly reduced nitric oxide (NO) levels and eNOS activity. UA also upregulated pro-inflammatory molecules and GLUT9, and increased intracellular ROS amounts in HUVECs. GLUT9 knockdown reduced UA uptake and ROS content, but antioxidant treatment did not reduce GLUT9 expression. To assess the function of JAK2/STAT3 signaling, HUVECs were treated with UA, and the phosphorylation levels of JAK2, STAT3, IL-6 and SOCS3 were increased by a high concentration of UA. In addition, GLUT9 knockdown reduced the phosphorylation of JAK2/STAT3 intermediates and increased p-eNOS amounts. CONCLUSIONS: GLUT9 mediated the effects of high UA levels on HUVECs by increasing the cellular uptake of UA, activating JAK2/STAT3 signaling, and reduced the production of active eNOS and NO in HUVECs.

15.
Chemosphere ; : 132728, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34718027

RESUMO

Nitrate is ubiquitous pollutant due to its high water solubility, usually contributing to eutrophication, and posing a threat to aquatic ecosystem and human health. Adsorption approach has been widely used for nitrate removal because of the simplicity, easy operation, and low cost. Adsorbent plays a key role in the adsorptive removal of nitrate. The adsorption performance and adsorption mechanism are determined by the structural feature of adsorbent that is dependent on the preparation method. In this review, various types of adsorbents for nitrate removal were systematically summarized, their preparation, characterization, and adsorption performance were evaluated; the factors influencing the nitrate adsorption performance were discussed; the adsorption isotherm models, kinetic models and thermodynamic parameters were examined; and the possible adsorption mechanisms responsible for nitrate adsorption were categorized; the possible correlation of adsorbent structure to adsorption performance and adsorption mechanism were explained; the potential applications of adsorbents were discussed; finally, the strategies for improving adsorption capacity and selectivity towards nitrate, the challenges and future perspectives for developing novel adsorbent were also proposed. This review will deepen the understanding of nitrate removal by adsorption process and help the development of high-performance adsorbents for selective nitrate removal from water and wastewater.

16.
Vaccine ; 39(44): 6510-6519, 2021 10 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the potent and broad neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) against enterovirus A (EV-A) in vitro and in vivo induced by enterovirus A71(EVA71) and coxsackievirus 16 (CVA16) co-immunization. METHODS: The mAb was Generated by co-immunization with EVA71 and CVA16 through hybridomas technology. The characteristics and neutralizing ability of mAb were analysed in vitro and in mice. RESULTS: We screened three mAb, the IgM antibody M20 and IgG antibody B1 and C31. All three antibodies showed cross-reactivity against tetra-EV-As. However, M20 showed potent and broad neutralizing ability against tetra-EV-As than B1 and C31. Meanwhile, M20 provided cross-antiviral efficacy in tetra-EV-As orally infected mice. Moreover, M20 binds to a conserved neutralizing epitope within the GH loop of tetra-EV-As VP1. CONCLUSIONS: M20 and its property exhibited potent and broad antiviral activity against tetra-EV-As, and that is expected to be a potential preventive and therapeutic candidate against EV-As.


Assuntos
Enterovirus Humano A , Infecções por Enterovirus , Enterovirus , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Imunização , Imunoglobulina M , Camundongos
17.
Org Lett ; 23(21): 8380-8384, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634203

RESUMO

The biomimetic synthesis of guaianolide dimers lavandiolides H, I, and K and artematrolide F containing a spirolactone moiety has been accomplished for the first time from naturally abundant arglabin in four to six steps with an overall yield up to 60%, and a series of natural product-like guaianolide dimers, trimer, and tetramer were also successfully synthesized. Notably, the trimeric compound exhibited antihepatoma cytotoxicity more potent than that of sorafenib with IC50 values of 6.2 µM (HepG2), 6.8 µM (Huh7), and 7.2 µM (SK-HEP-1).

18.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 30(4): 424-428, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate dentists' knowledge and behavior of drugs used during pregnancy in Beijing and analyze sources of influence. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was undertaken among 259 dentists in Beijing. The percentage frequency distributions of correct responses regarding medication safety during pregnancy and the use of drugs were calculated. Logistic regression model was used to explore factors associated with dentists' knowledge of medications used during pregnancy with SAS 9.4 software package. RESULTS: The correct rate on medication safety during pregnancy ranged from 1.93%-57.92%. The percentage of knowledge scores exceeding 8 point was only 10.42% (out of 16 points). In addition, the percentage of drugs prescribed and used during pregnancy was generally low(2.8%-27.09%). CONLUSIONS: Dentists in Beijing do not have sufficient knowledge about medication used during pregnancy. Continuing education is needed and professional authorities should develop unified guidelines to standardize their clinical practice.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Estudos Transversais , Odontólogos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
EBioMedicine ; 72: 103607, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The initial clinical manifestations and abdominal imaging findings of neonates with necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) and food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) are sometimes similar; however, their prognosis and therapies are different. We aimed to evaluate the utility of interleukin (IL)-27 as a differentiation marker between NEC and highly suspected early onset (HSEO)-FPIES. METHODS: All samples used in this study were obtained from the neonatal diagnosis centre of Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University. In the case-control study, neonates with NEC (n = 13), HSEO-FPIES (n = 9), and jaundice (control, n = 8) were enroled to determine the serum IL-27 levels using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. In the validation cohort study, the NEC (n = 87), HSEO-FPIES (n = 62), and jaundice (control, n = 54) groups were included to analyse the diagnostic efficiency of IL-27 for discriminating between NEC and HSEO-FPIES using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. FINDINGS: In the case-control study, IL-27 levels were higher in the NEC group than in the HSEO-FPIES group (p = 0·005). In the cohort study, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of IL-27 for differentiating NEC from HSEO-FPIES was 0·878, which was higher than the AUCs of IL-6 (0·761), C-reactive protein (0·800), white blood cell count (0·637), neutrophils (0·765), lymphocytes (0·782), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (0·781), and platelet count (0·729). INTERPRETATION: Serum IL-27 is a novel biomarker that may potentially discriminate NEC from HSEO-FPIES in neonates. FUNDING: None.

20.
Microb Physiol ; : 1-12, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535588

RESUMO

Postnatal colonization and development of the gut microbiota is linked to health and growth. A comprehensive understanding of the postnatal compositional changes and development of the microbial community is helpful to understand the gut health and improve the survival rate of South China tiger cubs (Panthera tigris amoyensis). Fecal samples from three tiger cubs were collected on the day of birth in 2018 (June 17-21 [G0], July 18 [G1], July 31 [G2], and August 7 [G3]). The 16S rRNA genes of the fecal microflora were sequenced. Results showed that 38 phyla, 58 classes, 134 orders, 272 families, and 636 genera of bacteria from 3,059 operational taxonomic units were identified from 12 fecal samples. The diversity and abundance of species of group G0 were significantly higher (p < 0.05 or 0.01) than those of groups G2 and G3. The predominant phylum was Proteobacteria in groups G0 and G1 (38.85% and 48%, respectively) and Firmicutes in groups G2 and G3 (71.42% and 75.29%, respectively). At the phylum level, the abundance of Deinococcus-Thermus was significantly decreased in groups G1, G2, and G3 as compared to group G0 (p < 0.05), while that of Firmicutes was significantly increased in groups G2 and G3 (p < 0.05). At the genus level, the abundance of Faecalibacterium, Ralstonia, and unidentified Rickettsiales was significantly decreased in groups G1, G2, and G3 as compared with group G0 (p < 0.05), while that of Pseudomonas was significantly decreased in groups G2 and G3 (p < 0.05). The composition and structure of fecal microbiota of South China tiger cubs changed after birth.

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