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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 200: 218-225, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34995660

RESUMO

Hydroxypropylation is effective in modifying the structure and properties of agar. So far, the industrial scale-up production of hydroxypropylated agar has not been evaluated. Therefore, the large-scale production of the hydroxypropylation of agar using a heterogeneous reaction system was evaluated in the present this study. The structures and properties of the hydroxypropyl agar (HPA) product were measured and the intrinsic kinetics of the heterogeneous reaction were determined and analyzed. The results showed that the large-scale HPA had good thermal stability, and lower viscosity, gelling temperature and melting temperature compared with those of agar. The SEM indicated that the improvement of solubility of HPA was not only due to the hydrophilic effect of hydroxypropyl group, but also due to the formation of cluster structure and grid structure. The characteristic of heterogeneous hydroxypropylation reaction were determined by preliminary kinetic experiments, which demonstrated that the reaction order of propylene oxide was 2, while that for agar was approximately 0. The reaction activation energy of heterogeneous hydroxypropylation reaction was calculated to be 83.50 kJ/mol using the Arrhenius formula. Taken together, the results would provide guidances for the industrialization of hydroxypropyl agar.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34878279

RESUMO

Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) is an effective target of SDH inhibitor (SDHI) fungicides which received more and more attention in recent years. However, there is no good solution to their rapidly growing drug resistance caused by frequent use. In this study, three triphenylphosphonium (TPP)-conjugated boscalid analogues were synthesized and tested for antifungal activities. They all, especially 2c, exhibited enhanced fungicidal activity and broader spectra compared to boscalid. The action mechanism study revealed that 2c was also an SDH inhibitor acting on the Qp site. However, the rapid accumulation of 2c in mitochondria because of TPP-targeting triggered reactive oxygen species burst in mitochondria, resulting in irreversible damage to the mitochondrial structure and function. Thus, 2c made the fungicidal activity output mode changing from mainly relying on ATP production inhibition (as traditional SDHIs) to significant damage of the cell structure and functions. This mechanism change made it difficult for plant pathogenic fungi to develop resistance to 2c and its analogues, which was of great significance for the increasingly challenging management of field resistance to SDHI fungicides.

3.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 731749, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869251

RESUMO

This study aimed to prepare microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) films with good mechanical properties via plasticization using a Chinese leek (CL, Allium tuberosum) extract. The microstructure, crystal structure, mechanical properties, barrier ability, and thermal properties of the films were investigated. The chemical structure analysis of CL extract showed the existence of cellulose, lignin, and low-molecular-weight substances, such as polysaccharides, pectins, and waxes, which could act as plasticizers to enhance the properties of MCC:CL biocomposite films. The results of scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy analyses indicated the good compatibility between MCC and CL extract. When the volume ratio of MCC:CL was 7:3, the MCC:CL biocomposite film exhibited the best comprehensive performance in terms of water vapor permeability (2.11 × 10-10 g/m·s·Pa), elongation at break (13.2 ± 1.8%), and tensile strength (24.7 ± 2.5 MPa). The results of a UV absorption analysis demonstrated that the addition of CL extract improved the UV-shielding performance of the films. Therefore, this work not only proposes a facile method to prepare MCC films with excellent mechanical properties via plasticization using CL extract but also broadens the potential applications of MCC films in the packaging area.

4.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 753688, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34956118

RESUMO

Although the presence of live microbes in utero remains under debate, newborn gastrointestinal bacteria are undoubtedly important to infant health. Measuring bacteria in meconium is an ideal strategy to understand this issue; however, the low efficiency of bacterial DNA extraction from meconium has limited its utilization. This study aims to improve the efficiency of bacterial DNA extraction from meconium, which generally has low levels of microflora but high levels of PCR inhibitors in the viscous matrix. The research was approved by the ethical committee of the Xiamen Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital, Xiamen, China. All the mothers delivered naturally, and their newborns were healthy. Meconium samples passed by the newborns within 24 h were collected. Each sample was scraped off of a sterile diaper, transferred to a 5-ml sterile tube, and stored at -80°C. For the assay, a freeze-thawing sample preparation protocol was designed, in which a meconium-InhibitEX buffer mixture was intentionally frozen 1-3 times at -20°C, -80°C, and (or) in liquid nitrogen. Then, DNA was extracted using a commercial kit and sequenced by 16S rDNA to verify the enhanced bacterial DNA extraction efficiency. Ultimately, we observed the following: (1) About 30 mg lyophilized meconium was the optimal amount for DNA extraction. (2) Freezing treatment for 6 h improved DNA extraction at -20°C. (3) DNA extraction efficiency was significantly higher with the immediate thaw strategy than with gradient thawing at -20°C, -80°C, and in liquid nitrogen. (4) Among the conditions of -20°C, -80°C, and liquid nitrogen, -20°C was the best freezing condition for both improving DNA extraction efficiency and preserving microbial species diversity in meconium, while liquid nitrogen was the worst condition. (5) Three freeze-thaw cycles could markedly enhance DNA extraction efficiency and preserve the species diversity of meconium microflora. We developed a feasible freeze-thaw pretreatment protocol to improve the extraction of microbial DNA from meconium, which may be beneficial for newborn bacterial colonization studies.

5.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 2074610, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34956436

RESUMO

Objective: Rhizoma Coptidis is an herb that has been frequently used in many traditional formulas for the treatment of diabetic mellitus (DM) over thousands of years. Berberine, the main active component of Rhizoma Coptidis, has been demonstrated to have the potential effect of hypoglycemia. To determine the potential advantages of berberine for diabetic care, we conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the efficacy and safety of berberine in the treatment of patients with type 2 DM. Methods: Eight databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Database (SinoMed), Wanfang Database, and Chinese VIP Information was searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reporting clinical data regarding the use of berberine for the treatment of DM. Publication qualities were also considered to augment the credibility of the evidence. Glycemic metabolisms were the main factors studied, including glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting plasm glucose (FPG), and 2-hour postprandial blood glucose (2hPG). Insulin resistance was estimated by fasting blood insulin (FINS), homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and body mass index (BMI). Lipid profiles were also assessed, including triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), along with inflammation factors such as C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and adverse events were applied to evaluate the safety of berberine. Results: Forty-six trials were assessed. Analysis of berberine applied alone or with standard diabetic therapies versus the control group revealed significant reductions in HbA1c (MD = -0.73; 95% CI (-0.97, -0.51)), FPG (MD = -0.86, 95% CI (-1.10, -0.62)), and 2hPG (MD = -1.26, 95% CI (-1.64, -0.89)). Improved insulin resistance was assessed by lowering FINS (MD = -2.05, 95% CI (-2.62, -1.48)), HOMA-IR (MD = -0.71, 95% CI (-1.03, -0.39)), and BMI (MD = -1.07, 95% CI (-1.76, -0.37)). Lipid metabolisms were also ameliorated via the reduction of TG (MD = -0.5, 95% CI (-0.61, -0.39)), TC (MD = 0.64, 95% CI (-0.78, -0.49)), and LDL (MD = 0.86, 95% CI (-1.06, -0.65)) and the upregulation of HDL (MD = 0.17, 95% CI (0.09, 0.25)). Additionally, berberine improved the inflammation factor. Conclusion: There is strong evidence supporting the clinical efficacy and safety of berberine in the treatment of DM, especially as an adjunctive therapy. In the future, this may be used to guide targeted clinical use of berberine and the development of medications seeking to treat patients with T2DM and dyslipidemia.

6.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 678, 2021 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34922556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) is the second most common cancer among women with high morbidity and mortality. TKTL1 is a key protein in glucose metabolism in cancer cells and controls the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP). In this paper, we aim to explore whether TKTL1 can participate in the malignant process of CC cells through glucose metabolism. METHODS: The expression and activity of TKTL1 in CC cell lines were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Cell transfection was conducted to interfere the expression of TKTL1 in SiHa cells, with efficiency detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Cell proliferation was then measured by CCK-8 kits. Wound Healing and Transwell experiments were performed to respectively detect the levels of cell migration and invasion, and western blot was used to detect the expressions of migration-related proteins. Tunel and Western blot were used to detect the apoptosis and apoptosis-related proteins. Glucose uptake, lactate production, and ATP production were measured by corresponding commercial kits. Next, the expression of p-Akt, AKT, p-MTOR, mTOR, HK2 and PFKFB3 was detected by Western blot. The mechanism was further investigated by interfering the expression of HK2 and PFKFB3 and adding AKT agonist SC79. At the animal level, the tumor bearing mouse model of CC was constructed, and the weight, volume and pathological morphology of the tumor tissue were detected to verify the cell experiment. RESULTS: TKTL1 expression was increased in CC cells. Interference of TKTL1 expression can inhibit TKTL1 enzyme activity, proliferation, invasion and migration of CC cells, and simultaneously suppress the generation of glycolysis. In addition, the results showed that TKTL1 activated PFKFB3 through AKT rather than HK2 signaling and is involved in glycolysis, cell invasion, migration, and apoptosis of CC cells. In animal level, inhibition of TKTL1 also contributed to decreased tumor volume of CC tumor bearing mice and improved histopathological status. CONCLUSION: TKTL1 participated in malignant progression of CC cells via regulating AKT signal-mediated HK2 and PFKFB3 and thus regulating glucose metabolism.

7.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755904

RESUMO

Endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) and stromal cells (ESCs) have a close functional association. During the peri-implantation period, EECs with enhanced functional activities secrete a variety of paracrine factors to promote the decidualization of ESCs. However, little is known about the specific process by which EECs secrete paracrine factors to induce the decidualization of ESCs. Some evidence suggests that the activation of sodium-glucose cotransporter 3a (SGLT3a) induces the depolarization of ESCs to affect their function. Therefore, SGLT3a acts as a sensor molecule in certain cell types. In this study, the expression of SGLT3a was investigated in EECs to determine whether its levels increased during the peri-implantation period in female mice. The activation of SGLT3a in mouse EECs induced Na+ -dependent depolarization of the cell membrane and an influx of extracellular Ca2+ , which further promoted the expression and release of the paracrine factors prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and F2-alpha (PGF2α) by upregulating the expression of cyclooxygenase-2. In turn, PGE2 and PGF2α induced the decidualization of ESCs. Importantly, we identified SGLT3a as a key molecule involved in the cross-talk between EECs and ESCs during the process of uterine decidualization.

8.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 602, 2021 11 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814908

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of high-quality nursing based on the concept of childlike interest in children with cleft lip and palate following operation on healing time, degree of pain, psychological state, quality of life, and the occurrence of complications. METHODS: A series of 62 children with cleft lip and palate was treated in our hospital from January 2019 to March 2021. The patients were randomly divided into observation group (31 cases, given high-quality nursing based on childlike interest) and control group (31 cases, given routine nursing intervention). The healing time and hospital stay of the two groups were recorded. The degree of pain, psychological state and quality of life of the two groups before and after intervention were compared, and the occurrence of complications was closely monitored. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the healing time and hospital stay of the study group were significantly shorter after the intervention (P < 0.05). Before the intervention, no significant difference was identified in pain score between the two groups (P < 0.05), after the intervention, however, the pain score of the study group was significantly lower compared with the control group (P < 0.05). Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) scores of the two groups were comparable before intervention (P > 0.05), while after intervention the SDS and SAS scores of the two groups were lower than those before treatment. Compared with the control group, the SDS and SAS scores of the study group were remarkably lower (P < 0.05). Before the intervention, the quality of life scores of the two groups were comparable (P > 0.05), while after the intervention, the scores of quality of life in the two groups were associated with lower outcomes. Compared with the control group, the scores of quality of life in the study group were significant lower (P < 0.05). After the intervention, there were evident fewer incidence of complications in the study group compared to the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: High quality nursing based on childlike interest exerted beneficial outcomes in terms of shortening the healing time and hospital stay, reducing the degree of pain and complications, as well as improving the psychological state and quality of life of children harboring cleft lip and palate. Additionally, its high safety feature contributes to the wide application for clinical practice.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597439

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether serum procalcitonin (PCT) is useful for differentiating acute pyelonephritis (APN) from asymptomatic bacteriuria and acute cystitis during pregnancy. METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was conducted to compare serum white blood cell (WBC) counts, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) level, and PCT level among pregnant women with asymptomatic bacteriuria, acute cystitis, and APN and healthy pregnant women (controls). Utility of WBC count, ESR, CRP, and PCT biomarkers for the prediction of APN during pregnancy were measured. RESULTS: Area under the curve (AUC) values of PCT, CRP, ESR, and WBC count for predicting asymptomatic bacteriuria were 0.576, 0.628, 0.542, and 0.532, respectively; those for predicting acute cystitis were 0.766, 0.735, 0.681, and 0.597, respectively; and those for predicting acute pyelonephritis 0.859, 0.763, 0.711, and 0.732, respectively. Compared with the other inflammatory markers used to predict APN, PCT exhibited the highest AUC (0.859 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.711-0.935]). A cutoff value of >0.25 ng/ml had a sensitivity of 87% and a specificity of 79%. CONCLUSION: Serum PCT can be a valuable addition to existing methods of differentiating asymptomatic bacteriuria, acute cystitis, and APN during pregnancy and can facilitate the early identification of APN during pregnancy.

10.
Environ Microbiol Rep ; 13(6): 790-804, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523810

RESUMO

Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) can be microbially mediated by the reduction of different terminal electron acceptors. AOM coupled to reduction of sulfate, manganese/iron oxides, humic substances, selenate, arsenic and other artificial extracellular electron acceptors are recognized as processes associated with microbial extracellular respiration. In these processes, methane-oxidizing archaea transfer electrons to external electron acceptors or to interdependent microbial species, which are mechanistically dependent on versatile extracellular electron transfer (EET) pathways. This review compiles recent progress in the research of electromicrobiology of AOM based on the catalogue of different electron acceptors. Naturally distributed and artificially constructed EET-mediated AOM is summarized, with the discussion of their environmental importance and application potentials. The diversity of responsible microorganisms involved in EET-mediated AOM is discussed with both methane-oxidizing archaea and their putative bacterial partners. More importantly, the review highlights progress and deficiencies in our understanding of EET pathways in EET-mediated AOM, raising open research questions for future research.

11.
Reproduction ; 162(6): 397-410, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554110

RESUMO

The incidence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) due to high-fat diet (HFD) consumption has been increasing significantly. However, the mechanism by which a HFD contributes to the pathogenesis of PCOS has not been elucidated. Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a key protein that regulates cholesterol metabolism. Our previous study revealed abnormally high PCSK9 levels in serum from patients with PCOS and in serum and hepatic and ovarian tissues from PCOS model mice, suggesting that PCSK9 is involved in the pathogenesis of PCOS. However, the factor that induces high PCSK9 expression in PCOS remains unclear. In this study, Pcsk9 knockout mice were used to further explore the role of PCSK9 in PCOS. We also studied the effects of a HFD on the expression of PCSK9 and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 (SREBP2), a regulator of cholesterol homeostasis and a key transcription factor that regulates the expression of PCSK9, and the roles of these proteins in PCOS pathology. Our results indicated HFD may play an important role by inducing abnormally high PCSK9 expression via SREBP2 upregulation. We further investigated the effects of an effective SREBP inhibitor, fatostain, and found that it could reduce HFD-induced PCSK9 expression, ameliorate hyperlipidemia and improve follicular development in PCOS model mice. Our study thus further elucidates the important role of an HFD in the pathogenesis of PCOS and provides a new clue in the prevention and treatment of this disorder.

12.
Front Physiol ; 12: 674924, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248664

RESUMO

GLUT4 is involved in rapid glucose uptake among various kinds of cells to contribute to glucose homeostasis. Prior data have reported that aberrant glucose metabolism by GLUT4 dysfunction in the uterus could be responsible for infertility and increased miscarriage. However, the expression and precise functions of GLUT4 in the endometrium under physiological conditions remain unknown or controversial. In this study, we observed that GLUT4 exhibits a spatiotemporal expression in mouse uterus on pregnant days 1-4; its expression especially increased on pregnant day 4 during the window of implantation. We also determined that estrogen, in conjunction with progesterone, promotes the expression of GLUT4 in the endometrial epithelium in vivo or in vitro. GLUT4 is an important transporter that mediates glucose transport in endometrial epithelial cells (EECs) in vitro or in vivo. In vitro, glucose uptake decreased in mouse EECs when the cells were treated with GLUT4 small interfering RNA (siRNA). In vivo, the injection of GLUT4-siRNA into one side of the mouse uterine horns resulted in an increased glucose concentration in the uterine fluid on pregnant day 4, although it was still lower than in blood, and impaired endometrial receptivity by inhibiting pinopode formation and the expressions of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and integrin ανß3, finally affecting embryonic development and implantation. Overall, the obtained results indicate that GLUT4 in the endometrial epithelium affects embryo development by altering glucose concentration in the uterine fluid. It can also affect implantation by impairing endometrial receptivity due to dysfunction of GLUT4.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073116

RESUMO

The plant-specific mildew resistance locus O (MLO) proteins, which contain seven transmembrane domains and a conserved calmodulin-binding domain, play important roles in many plant developmental processes. However, their mechanisms that regulate plant development remain unclear. Here, we report the functional characterization of the MLO4 protein in Arabidopsis roots. The MLO4 was identified as interacting with CML12 in a screening for the interaction between the proteins from Arabidopsis MLO and calmodulin/calmodulin-like (CaM/CML) families using yeast two hybrid (Y2H) assays. Then, the interaction between MLO4 and CML12 was further verified by Luciferase Complementation Imaging (LCI) and Bimolecular Fluorescence Complementation (BiFC) assays. Genetic analysis showed that the mlo4, cml12, and mlo4 cml12 mutants displayed similar defects in root gravity response. These results imply that the MLO4 might play an important role in root gravity response through interaction with CML12. Moreover, our results also demonstrated that the interaction between the MLO and CaM/CML families might be conservative.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Calmodulina/metabolismo , Calmodulina/metabolismo , Gravitropismo , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas , Arabidopsis/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica
14.
ACS Omega ; 6(22): 14230-14241, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34124446

RESUMO

Highly conductive and elastic three-dimensional (3D) porous carbon materials are ideal platforms to fabricate electrodes for high-performance compressible supercapacitors. Herein, a robust, highly conductive, and elastic carbon foam (CF) hybrid material is reported, which is fabricated by integrating cellulose nanofiber/multiwalled carbon nanotube (CNF/MWCNT) aerogel sheets with a melamine sponge (MS), followed by carbonization. The carbonized CNF/MWCNT aerogel sheets contribute to the high conductivity and specific surface area of the CF, and the 3D network-like skeleton derived from the carbonization of the MS enhances the elasticity and stability of the CF. More importantly, the CF possesses good scalability, allowing the introduction of electroactive materials such as polypyrrole (PPy) and Fe3O4 to fabricate high-performance compressible PPy-CF and Fe3O4-CF electrodes. Moreover, an assembled PPy-CF//Fe3O4-CF device shows reversible charging-discharging at a voltage of 1.6 V and demonstrates a high specific capacitance (172.5 F/g) and an outstanding energy density (59.9 W h/kg). The device exhibits capacitance retention rates reaching 98.3% and stable energy storage characteristics even under different degrees of compressive deformation. This study offers a scalable strategy for fabricating high-performance compressible supercapacitors, thereby providing a new means of satisfying the energy storage needs of portable electronic devices that are prone to deformation.

15.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 33(5): 557-562, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34112292

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of radiographic assessment of lung edema (RALE) score in evaluating the severity and prognosis of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Patients with ARDS admitted to the department of intensive care unit (ICU) of Affiliated Nantong Third Hospital of Nantong University from January 2016 to November 2020 were enrolled. Clinical data of those patients were collected, and two senior radiologists who did not know the outcome of the patients independently scored each chest radiograph, the mean value of which was taken as the RALE score. The patients were divided into death group and survival group according to the 28-day prognosis. The differences of the basic data, PaO2/FiO2, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score and RALE score between groups were analyzed. ARDS patients were classified according to the Berlin standard and RALE scores were compared between groups. Then, the correlations between RALE score and PaO2/FiO2, SOFA score, APACHE II score were analyzed. The prognostic capacity of RALE score for 28-day prognosis of ARDS patients were analyzed by Kaplan-Meier survival curve. RESULTS: Of the 98 ARDS patients, 62 were included in the final analysis, 39 patients survived and 23 patients died. The 28-day mortality was 37.1%. Compared with the survival group, patients in the death group were older (years old: 72.83±12.21 vs. 64.44±14.68), had lower PaO2/FiO2 [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 122.66±48.32 vs. 150.26±50.40], and higher SOFA score and greater difference of RALE score between the third day and the first day after admission (D3-D1 RALE score) (SOFA score: 11.26±3.91 vs. 9.04±3.72, D3-D1 RALE score: 1.35±6.42 vs. -2.74±7.35), with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). However, there were no significant differences in gender, cause of ARDS, APACHE II score, and RALE scores on the first and the third day of admission (D1 RALE, D3 RALE) between the two groups. Among the 62 patients, there were 11 mild cases (17.7%), 36 moderate cases (58.1%), and 15 severe cases (24.2%). The D1 RALE score of patients with mild and moderate ARDS were lower than those of patients with severe ARDS (19.09±3.65, 22.58±6.79 vs. 27.07±5.23, both P < 0.05). Correlation analysis showed that D1 RALE score was negatively correlated with PaO2/FiO2 (r = -0.385, P = 0.002), and positively correlated with SOFA score and APACHE II score (r1 = 0.433, r2 = 0.442, both P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the 28-day survival rate of ARDS patients in D3-D1 RALE score ≥ -1 group was significantly higher than that in D3-D1 RALE score < -1 group (73.08% vs. 55.56%; log-rank test: χ2 = 3.979, P = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: The RALE score is a simple and reliable non-invasive evaluation index, which can be used to evaluate the severity of ARDS patients. The difference of RALE score in early stage is helpful to identify ARDS patients with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Berlim , Edema , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pulmão , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(5): 3967-3986, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34149993

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths. Previous studies have suggested that mu-opioid receptor (MOR), a member of the opioid receptor family, is involved in the pathogenesis of HCC. However, the mechanism by which MOR regulates the biological behavior of HCC is still poorly understood. To address this problem, in this study, we investigated the role of MOR in the proliferation of HCC cell lines and the underlying mechanism. First, RT-PCR, western-blot and immunohistochemistry revealed higher expression of MOR in HCC cells and tissue than in non-tumor cells or adjacent tissue, and elevated expression of MOR was associated with jeopardized survival of HCC patients, as demonstrated by bioinformatic databases. Knockdown of MOR by specific siRNA attenuated the proliferation and migration of HCC cells and this effect could be reversed by rescue experiments, confirming the essential role of MOR in the proliferation of HCC. Moreover, results of colony formation assay, CCK8 test, flow cytometry and western blot suggested that a monoclonal antibody (mAb) specifically against MOR could inhibit proliferation of HepG2 and Huh7 cells via the MOR-CD147-p53-MAPK pathway, and the interaction between MOR and CD147 was verified by immunofluorescence colocalization and co-IP analysis. The mAb against MOR also enhanced the cisplatin-induced apoptosis of HCC cells by downregulating p-ERK, Bcl-2 and upregulating Bax. Taken together, these results suggest that MOR could regulate the proliferation of HCC cells in a CD147-p53-MAPK dependent manner. MOR possesses the potential to be a therapeutic target to treat HCC.

17.
Radiol Med ; 126(9): 1149-1158, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34105102

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the impact of different acquisition times on the evaluation of liver function levels in chronic hepatitis B using Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced T1 positioning technology under 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: A total of 146 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were classified into four groups as follows: chronic hepatitis B without liver cirrhosis (CH, 22 cases), liver cirrhosis with Child-Pugh classification A (LCA 63 cases), Child-Pugh B (LCB 47 cases) and Child-Pugh C (LCC 14 cases). Normal liver function (NLF) group was composed of 23 persons who had healthy liver and no medical histories of hepatitis. T1 mapping images were performed before and after administration of Gd-EOB-DPTA using Look-Locker sequence. Changes in T1 relaxation time (T1rt), the reduction rate of T1 relaxation time (ΔT1) and the increase in T1 relaxation rate (ΔR1) of liver over time (at 5, 10, 15 and 20 min) were investigated and compared among all five groups using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (r) was used to show the correlations of these parameters in different liver function groups. RESULTS: In the NLF, CH, LCA and LCB groups, postT1 gradually decreased, while the ΔT1 and ΔR1 gradually increased with time. The parameters were compared between different liver function levels at the same time point, and the differences were statistically significant except for NLF-CH, NLF-LCA and CH-LCA. There was no significant difference in the area under the ROC curve of other parameters at 10, 15 and 20 min. At each time point, no correlation was found between preT1rt and the degrees of liver function. PostT1rt was positively correlated with liver function classification, while ΔT1 and ΔR1 were negatively correlated with liver function classification. CONCLUSION: Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced T1 mapping magnetic resonance imaging is beneficial to assess liver function. Using the Gd-EOB-DTPA to enhance T1 mapping imaging to assess liver function can shorten the observation time of the hepatobiliary period and 10 min after enhancement may be the best time point.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Gadolínio DTPA , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Fígado/fisiologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
18.
Eur J Radiol ; 141: 109779, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029932

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the use of hepatocyte fraction in gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for quantitatively evaluating the liver function in comparison with T1 relaxation-based indices. METHODS: This retrospective study included 79 patients with chronic liver disease, who were divided into 2 groups based on the results of the indocyanine green retention test (ICG). All patients underwent a gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI of the liver. Pre- and post-contrast Look-Locker sequences were used 20 min after gadoxetic acid administration to acquire T1 mapping. Two readers independently identified and measured the MRI parameters [five T1 relaxation-based indices (T1pre, T1post, rrT1, R1post/R1pre and ΔR1) and two hepatocyte fraction indices (HeF and KHep)]. An Independent-samples t test was used to compare each parameter for the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correction in each parameter and 15-minute ICG retention rate (ICG-R15). Receiver operating characteristic analyses were performed to differentiate the diagnostic performance of each parameter in ICG-R15 ≤ 20 % and ICG-R15 > 20 % groups. RESULTS: T1pre and T1post were significantly lower in the ICG-R15 ≤ 20 % group than in the ICG-R15 > 20 % group (P < 0.05). rrT1, R1post/R1pre, ΔR1, HeF, and KHep were significantly higher in the ICG-R15 ≤ 20 % group than in the ICG-R15 > 20 % group (P < 0.05). The correction coefficients between T1pre, T1post, rrT1, R1post/R1pre, ΔR1, HeF, KHep, and ICG-R15 were 0.343, 0.783, -0.833, -0.781, -0.803, -0.819, and -0.832, respectively. The area under the curves (AUCs) of T1pre, T1post, rrT1, R1post/R1pre, ΔR1, HeF, and KHep in assessing the ICG-R15>20 % groups were 0.761, 0.945, 0.912, 0.912, 0.948, 0.945, and 0.950, respectively. KHep had the highest AUC, sensitivity, and specificity. CONCLUSION: Hepatocyte fraction based on gadoxetic acid-enhanced T1-mapping MRI is an efficient diagnostic tool for the quantitative evaluation of liver function.


Assuntos
Gadolínio DTPA , Hepatopatias , Hepatócitos , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes de Função Hepática , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Food Res Int ; 144: 110360, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053553

RESUMO

Obesity is regarded to be associated with fat accumulation, chronic inflammation, and gut microbiota dysbiosis. Raw and ripened pu-erh tea extract (PETe) have the effect of reducing body weight gain and fat accumulation, which are associated with gut microbiota. However, little is known about the difference of raw and ripened PETe on the regulation of gut microbiota. Here, our results suggested that supplementation of raw and ripened PETe displayed similar anti-obesogenic effect in high fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity mice, by attenuating the body weight gain, fat accumulation, oxidative injury, and low-grade inflammation, improving the glucose tolerance, alleviating the metabolic endotoxemia, and regulating the mRNA and protein expression levels of the lipid metabolism-related genes. 16S rRNA sequencing of fecal samples indicated that raw and ripened PETe intervention displayed different regulatory effect on the HFD-induced gut microbiota dysbiosis at different taxonomic levels. The microbial diversity, the relative abundance of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes as well as F/B ratio were reversed more closer to normal by ripened PETe. Phylotypes of Bacteroidaceae, Ruminococcaceae, Lachnospiraceae, Muribaculaceae, and Rikenellaceae which are negatively correlated with obesity were enhanced notably by the intervention of ripened PETe, while Erysipelotrichaceae and Lactobacillaceae which have positive correlation with obesity were decreased dramatically. In addition, the treatment of ripened PETe had better effect on the increase of benefical Bacteroides, Alistipes, and Akkemansia and decrease of obesity associated Faecalibaculum and Erysipelatoclostridium (p < 0.05). These findings suggested that pu-erh tea especially ripened pu-erh tea could serve as a great candidate for alleviation of obesity in association with the modulation of gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Camundongos , Obesidade , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Chá
20.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 242, 2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962610

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the multifactorial aetiology and unpredictable long-term stability, skeletal anterior open bite (SAOB) is one of the most intractable conditions for orthodontists. The abnormal orofacial myofunctional status (OMS) may be a major risk factor contributing to the development and relapse of SAOB. This study is aimed at evaluating the OMS and the efficacy of orofacial myofunctional therapy (OMT) alone for SAOB subjects. METHODS: Eighteen adolescents with SAOB (4 males, 14 females; age: 12-18 years) and eighteen adolescents with normal occlusion (2 males, 16 females; age: 12-18 years) were selected. The electromyographic activity (EMGA) associated with mastication and closed mouth state was measured. Lateral cephalography was used to evaluate craniofacial morphology. Wilcoxon signed rank tests and t-tests were performed to evaluate myofunctional and morphological differences. Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlations between EMGA and morphological characteristics. SAOB subjects were given OMT for 3 months, and the EMGA was compared between before and after OMT. RESULTS: During rest, anterior temporalis activity (TAA) and mentalis muscle activity (MEA) increased in SAOB subjects, but TAA and masseter muscle activity (MMA) decreased in the intercuspal position (ICP); and upper orbicularis activity (UOA) and MEA significantly increased during lip sealing and swallowing (P < 0.05). Morphological evaluation revealed increases in the FMA, GoGn-SN, ANS-Me, N-Me, L1-MP, U6-PP, and L6-MP and decreases in the angle of the axis of the upper and lower central incisors and OB in SAOB subjects (P < 0.05). TAA, MMA and anterior digastric activity (DAA) in the ICP were negatively correlated with vertical height and positively correlated to incisor protrusion. MEA was positively correlated with vertical height and negatively correlated with incisor protrusion; and the UOA showed a similar correlation in ICP, during sealing lip and swallowing. After SAOB subjects received OMT, MEA during rest and TAA, MMA and DAA in the ICP increased, while UOA and MEA decreased (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: SAOB subjects showed abnormal OMS features including aberrant swallowing patterns and weak masticatory muscles, which were interrelated with the craniofacial dysmorphology features including a greater anterior facial height and incisor protrusion. Furthermore, OMT contributes to OMS harmonization, indicating its therapeutic prospect in SAOB.


Assuntos
Hepatite C Crônica , Mordida Aberta , Adolescente , Antivirais , Criança , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia Miofuncional , Mordida Aberta/terapia , Músculo Temporal
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