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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 264: 120272, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428636

RESUMO

Hydrazine, as a toxic substance, seriously endangers human health and the environment. Based on the excellent luminescent properties and low biological toxicity of pyrene derivatives, combing with chalcone derivatives easily attacked by nucleophilic group, a pyrene derivative PCA decorated by acryloyl terminal group as fluorescent probe for hydrazine was developed. The compound shows fluorescent peak red shift and intensity enhancement with increasing solvent polarity from hexane (459 nm) to methanol (561 nm). Based on strong fluorescence emission in methanol, methanol-HEPES mixed solution was used as the solvent in the spectral recognition experiments. The probe exhibits fluorescent change from yellow fluorescence (576 nm) to blue fluorescence (393 nm) with 800-fold ratiometric fluorescence enhancement (I393nm/I576nm) after the reaction with hydrazine. The probe can recognize hydrazine in fast response rate with kinetic constant calculated being 2.7 × 10-3 s-1 and 15 min as response time. The probe also can monitor hydrazine in real water samples and various soils.


Assuntos
Chalcona , Chalconas , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Hidrazinas , Pirenos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
2.
Toxicol Res (Camb) ; 10(5): 1022-1033, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733487

RESUMO

N, N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) can cause liver damage in occupationally exposed workers, but the molecular mechanism of DMF-induced liver damage has not been fully elucidated. Researches have proved that lncRNA plays a major function in chemical-induced liver toxicity and can be used as a biomarker and therapeutic target for liver injury. In order to verify that lncRNA also participates in DMF-induced liver damage, we treated HL-7702 cells with 75 or 150 mM DMF, and obtained lncRNA expression profiles through high-throughput sequencing. Among the differentially expressed lncRNAs, lncRNA SNHG12 was proved to be significantly downregulated in DMF-treated HL-7702 cells and participate in DMF-mediated apoptosis, even under long-term low-dose DMF exposure (5-10 mM, 8 weeks). In addition, according to bioinformatics analysis, miR-218-5p is expected to be a potential target of SNHG12, which was verified by the dual luciferase reporter assay in HEK293FT cells. MiR-218-5p mimic can induce apoptosis in HL-7702 cells. Among the predicted targets of miR-218-5p, protein kinase C epsilon (PRKCE) was reported to be involved in apoptosis, and was indeed downregulated by miR-218-5p mimic in our study. Further experiments showed that changes of the expression of SNHG12 can affect the expression of PRKCE. In the epidemiological study of occupational population, we also found that SNHG12 was downregulated in the serum exosomes of workers exposed to DMF. These results indicated that SNHG12 can mediate DMF-induced apoptosis of HL-7702 cells through miR-218-5p/PRKCE pathway.

4.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 53: 116520, 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847494

RESUMO

The increase of concentrations of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in the serum of postmenopausal women is the important risk factor of the high morbidity of cardiovascular diseases of old women worldwide. To test the anti-hypercholesterolemia function of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) in postmenopausal women, ovariectomized (OVX) mice were generated, and DHA were administrated to OVX mice for 4 weeks. The blood and liver tissues were collected for biochemical and histological tests respectively. The mRNA and protein expression levels of genes related to metabolism and transport of cholesterol, bile acid and fatty acid in the liver or ileum were checked through qPCR and western blot. DHA could significantly reduce the high concentrations of TC and LDL-C in the serum and the lipid accumulation in the liver of ovariectomized mice. The expression of ABCG5/8 was reduced in liver of OVX mice, and DHA could up-regulate the expression of them. Genes of transport proteins for bile salt transport from blood to bile, including Slc10a1, Slco1b2 and Abcb11, were also significantly up-regulated by DHA. DHA also down-regulated the expression of Slc10a2 in the ileum of OVX mice to reduce the absorption of bile salts. Genes required for fatty acid synthesis and uptake, such as Fasn and CD36, were reduced in the liver of OVX mice, and DHA administration could significantly up-regulate the expression of them. These results demonstrated that DHA could improve hypercholesterolemia in OVX mice through enhancing the vectorial transport of cholesterol and bile acid from blood to bile.

5.
Theriogenology ; 179: 45-59, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826707

RESUMO

The association between cancer and female reproduction remains largely unknown. Here we investigated the quality of oocytes and the developmental potential of zygotes using H22 tumor-bearing mice model. The results showed that the number of oocytes was decreased in tumor-bearing mice compared with the control mice, and accompanied scattered chromosomes was observed. Further study revealed an abnormal epigenetic reprogramming occurred in the zygotes from the H22 tumor-bearing mice, as exemplified by the aberrant 5hmC/5mC modifications in the pronuclei. Finally, single-cell RNA sequencing was performed on the oocytes collected from the H22 tumor-bearing mice. Our data showed that 45 of the 202 differentially expressed genes in tumor-bearing group were closely associated with oocyte quality. Protein interaction analysis indicated that the potential interaction among these 45 genes. Collectively, our study uncovered that the quality of oocytes and early embryonic development were affected by H22 tumor bearing via the altered expression patterns of genes related with reproduction, providing new insights into the reproductive capability of female cancer patients.

6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1195, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extensive parasitic diseases epidemiology in Zhejiang province has not been carried out since the second national survey in 2004. Therefore, dynamics in prevalence and infection pattern of the major intestinal parasites should be explored. METHODS: The distribution of three parasites including soil-transmitted helminths (STH), intestinal protozoa and C. sinensis in Zhejiang from 2014 to 2015 were explored. Kato-Katz technique was used for STH and C. sinensis detection, whereas transparent adhesive paper anal swab was used for pinworm detection, and iodine smear was used for protozoa detection. A questionnaire survey on alimentary habits and sanitary behaviors was conducted in half of the studied counties. RESULTS: This study recruited 23,552 participants: 19,935 from rural and 3617 from urban area. Overall prevalence of intestinal helminth infections was 1.80%. In this study, seven helminth species were identified including A. duodenale, N. americanus, Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, C. sinensis, Fasciolopsis buski and pinworm. The average prevalence of STH infection was 1.71%: 1.94% in rural and 0.44% in urban area. Hookworm was the most prevalent infection at 1.58%: 1.79% in rural and 0.44% in urban area. Prevalence varied considerably in the studied counties. Prevalence was highest in Yongkang county at 10.25%. Only 2.79% of children from rural area were infected with pinworm. A proportion of 0.40% of rural participants were infected with protozoa, whereas Endolimax nana was the most prevalent at 0.23%. C. sinensis showed infection only in one man. Awareness on C. sinensis was 24.47% in rural and 45.96% in urban area, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of STH and protozoa infections declined considerably whereas C. sinensis infections remained few in Zhejiang province compared with the prevalence reported in previous large scale surveys (19.56% for national STH infection in 2004, 18.66% and 4.57% for provincial STH and protozoa infection, respectively in 1999). The findings of this study showed that hookworm, mainly N. americanus remained a parasitic threat to population health, mainly in the central and western Zhejiang. Therefore, more health education regarding fertilization and farming habits is necessary in rural areas. The awareness concerning hookworm infection should be reinforced.


Assuntos
Clonorquíase , Helmintíase , Helmintos , Enteropatias Parasitárias , Animais , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Fezes , Helmintíase/epidemiologia , Humanos , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Solo
7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(46): 19606-19613, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34766768

RESUMO

Most proteins perform their functions in cells. How the cellular environment modulates protein interactions is an important question. In this work, electrostatic interactions between protein charges were studied using in-cell nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. A total of eight charge pairs were introduced in protein GB3. Compared to the charge pair electrostatic interactions in a buffer, five charge pairs in cells displayed no apparent changes whereas three pairs had the interactions weakened by more than 70%. Further investigation suggests that the transfer free energy is responsible for the electrostatic interaction modulation. Both the transfer free energy of the folded state and that of the unfolded state can contribute to the cellular environmental effect on protein electrostatics, although the latter is generally larger (more negative) than the former. Our work highlights the importance of direct in-cell studies of protein interactions and thus protein function.

8.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 737874, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34630023

RESUMO

Background: People with chronic pain (CP) sometimes report impaired cognitive function, including a deficit of attention, memory, executive planning, and information processing. However, the association between CP and cognitive decline was still not clear. Our study aimed to assess the association of CP as a risk factor with cognitive decline among adults. Methods: We included data from clinical studies. Publications were identified using a systematic search strategy from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases from inception to October 10, 2020. We used the mean cognitive outcome data and the standard deviations from each group. The standardized mean difference (SMD) or odds ratio (OR), and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were performed for each cognitive decline outcome. I 2-values were assessed to quantify the heterogeneities. Results: We included 37 studies with a total of 52,373 patients with CP and 80,434 healthy control participants. Because these studies used different evaluative methods, we analyzed these studies. The results showed CP was associated with cognitive decline when the short-form 36 health survey questionnaire (SF-36) mental component summary (SMD = -1.50, 95% CI = -2.19 to -0.81), the Montreal cognitive assessment (SMD = -1.11, 95% CI = -1.60 to -0.61), performance validity testing (SMD = 3.05, 95% CI = 1.74 to 4.37), or operation span (SMD = -1.83, 95% CI = -2.98 to -0.68) were used. However, we got opposite results when the studies using International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems classification (OR = 1.58, 95% CI = 0.97 to 2.56), the Mini-Mental State Examination (SMD = -0.42, 95% CI = -0.94 to 0.10; OR = 1.14, 95% CI = 0.91 to 1.42), and Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status memory component (SMD = -0.06, 95% CI = -0.37 to 0.25). Conclusion: There may be an association between CP and the incidence of cognitive decline when some cognitive, evaluative methods were used, such as short-form 36 health survey questionnaire, Montreal cognitive assessment, performance validity testing, and operation span.

9.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 8(4): 388-393, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631988

RESUMO

Objectives: Patients after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) require a stay in the ICU postoperatively. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of prolonged length of stay (LOS) in the ICU after cardiac surgery with CPB and identify associated risk factors. Methods: The current investigation was an observational, retrospective study that included 395 ICU patients who underwent cardiac surgery with CPB at a tertiary hospital in Guangzhou from June 2015 to June 2017. Data were obtained from the hospital database. Binary logistic regression modeling was used to analyze risk factors for prolonged ICU LOS. Results: Of 395 patients, 137 (34.7%) had a prolonged ICU LOS (>72.0 h), and the median ICU LOS was 50.9 h. Several variables were found associated with prolonged ICU LOS: duration of CPB, prolonged mechanical ventilation and non-invasive assisted ventilation use, PaO2/FiO2 ratios within 6 h after surgery, type of surgery, red blood cell infusion during surgery, postoperative atrial arrhythmia, postoperative ventricular arrhythmia (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: These findings are clinically relevant for identifying patients with an estimated prolonged ICU LOS, enabling clinicians to facilitate earlier intervention to reduce the risk and prevent resulting delayed recovery.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 700718, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34690948

RESUMO

Intestinal dysmotility is common in many diseases and is correlated with gut microbiota dysbiosis and systemic inflammation. Functional constipation (FC) is the most typical manifestation of intestinal hypomotility and reduces patients' quality of life. Some studies have reported that fecal micriobiota transplantation (FMT) may be an effective and safe therapy for FC as it corrects intestinal dysbiosis. This study was conducted to evaluate how FMT remodels the gut microbiome and to determine a possible correlation between certain microbes and clinical symptoms in constipated individuals. Data were retrospectively collected on 18 patients who underwent FMT between January 1, 2019 and June 30, 2020. The fecal bacterial genome was detected by sequencing the V3-V4 hypervariable regions of the 16S rDNA gene. Fecal short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and serum inflammatory factor concentrations were detected via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Comparing the changes in fecal microbiome compositions before and after FMT revealed a significant augmentation in the alpha diversity and increased abundances of some flora such as Clostridiales, Fusicatenibacter, and Paraprevotella. This was consistent with the patients experiencing relief from their clinical symptoms. Abundances of other flora, including Lachnoanaerobaculum, were decreased, which might correlate with the severity of patients' constipation. Although no differences were found in SCFA production, the butyric acid concentration was correlated with both bacterial alterations and clinical symptoms. Serum IL-8 levels were significantly lower after FMT than at baseline, but IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-12p70 levels were not noticeably changed. This study showed how FMT regulates the intestinal microenvironment and affects systemic inflammation in constipated patients, providing direction for further research on the mechanisms of FMT. It also revealed potential microbial targets for precise intervention, which may bring new breakthroughs in treating constipation.

12.
Natl Sci Rev ; 8(1): nwaa177, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34691555

RESUMO

As a major health issue, obesity is linked with elevated risk of type 2 diabetes. However, whether disrupted glucose homeostasis is due to altered body composition alone, or whether dietary macronutrients play an additional role, independent of their impact on body composition, remains unclear. We investigated the associations between macronutrients, body composition, blood hormones and glucose homeostasis. We fed C57BL/6N mice 29 different diets with variable macronutrients for 12 weeks. After 10 weeks, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests were performed. Generalized linear models were generated to evaluate the impacts of macronutrients, body composition and blood hormones on glucose homeostasis. The area under the glucose curve (AUC) was strongly associated with body fat mass, but not dietary macronutrients. AUC was significantly associated with fasting insulin levels. Six genes from transcriptomic analysis of epididymal white adipose tissue and subcutaneous white adipose tissue were significantly associated with AUC. These genes may encode secreted proteins that play important previously unanticipated roles in glucose homeostasis.

13.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 23(34): 18794-18805, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612418

RESUMO

Ab initio calculations have been performed to investigate the competition and conversion between the pnicogen bonds and hydrogen bonds in complexes containing prototype organophosphorus compounds RPO2 (R = CH3 and CH3O). The competition between the pnicogen bonds and hydrogen bonds is controlled by the magnitude of Vs,min and Vs,max in the prototype organophosphorus compounds. Monomeric methyl metaphosphate (CH3OPO2), with more positive π-holes, is more likely to form pnicogen bonds with different electron donors, such as NH3, H2O, HNC and HCCH. Methoxyphosphinidene oxide (trans- and cis-CH3OPO) is inclined to form hydrogen bonds with H2O, HNC and HCCH. Most of the pnicogen bonds have covalent or partially covalent character, while most of the hydrogen bonds exhibit the noncovalent characteristics of weak interactions. The mechanisms of three typical conversions between the pnicogen bond and the hydrogen bond have been investigated and the breakage and formation of the bonds along the reaction pathways have been analyzed using topological analysis of electron density. For the three studied conversion processes, the transformation between the hydrogen-bonded complex and pnicogen-bonded complex is achieved readily through several T-shape structure transition states.

14.
Eval Rev ; 45(3-4): 134-165, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34693773

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Flavored tobacco appeals to new users. This paper describes evaluation results of California's early ordinances restricting flavored tobacco sales. METHODS: A multicomponent evaluation of proximal policy outcomes involved the following: (a) tracking the reach of local ordinances; (b) a retail observation survey; and (c) a statewide opinion poll of tobacco retailers. Change in the population covered by local ordinances was computed. Retail observations compared availability of flavored tobacco at retailers in jurisdictions with and without an ordinance. Mixed models compared ordinance and matched no-ordinance jurisdictions and adjusted for store type. An opinion poll assessed retailers' awareness and ease of compliance with local ordinances, comparing respondents in ordinance jurisdictions with the rest of California. RESULTS: The proportion of Californians living in a jurisdiction with an ordinance increased from 0.6% in April 2015 to 5.82% by January 1, 2019. Flavored tobacco availability was significantly lower in ordinance jurisdictions than in matched jurisdictions: menthol cigarettes (40.6% vs. 95.0%), cigarillos/cigar wraps with explicit flavor descriptors (56.4% vs. 85.0%), and vaping products with explicit flavor descriptors (6.1% vs. 56.9%). Over half of retailers felt compliance was easy; however, retailers in ordinance jurisdictions expressed lower support for flavor sales restrictions. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of California's population covered by a flavor ordinance increased nine-fold between April 2015 and January 2019. Fewer retailers in ordinance jurisdictions had flavored tobacco products available compared to matched jurisdictions without an ordinance, but many still advertised flavored products they could not sell. Comprehensive ordinances and retailer outreach may facilitate sales-restriction support and compliance.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697054

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phthalates and phenols from the environment have been inconsistently associated with breast cancer risk or mortality. Studies on the potential modifying role of leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a biomarker of biological aging, on these associations are lacking. METHODS: We included 1,268 women from the Long Island Breast Cancer Study Project with available data on phthalate and phenol analytes and LTL measurements. Twenty-two phthalate and phenol analytes were measured in spot urines and LTL was measured in blood. The modifying effect of LTL on the associations of individual analyte with breast cancer risk as well as mortalities was estimated using interaction terms between LTL and urinary concentrations of analyte in logistic regression and Cox regression models, respectively. ORs, HRs, and corresponding 95% confidence intervals for a one-unit (ln µg/g creatinine) increase of urinary phthalate/phenol level were estimated at 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles of LTL. RESULTS: LTL significantly (P < 0.05) modified associations between 11 of 22 of urinary phthalate/phenols analytes and breast cancer risk. An inverse association between phthalate/phenols analytes and breast cancer risk at shorter LTL and a positive association at longer LTL was generally suggested. No modifying effect was found for LTL on the association between these phthalate/phenols analytes and breast cancer mortalities. CONCLUSIONS: LTL may modify the associations between phthalate and phenol exposures and breast cancer risk. IMPACT: This study is the first study that determined the modifying effect of biological aging in the association between environmental chemical exposure and breast cancer risk.

16.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2021: 7552185, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504522

RESUMO

For the segmentation task of stroke lesions, using the attention U-Net model based on the self-attention mechanism can suppress irrelevant regions in an input image while highlighting salient features useful for specific tasks. However, when the lesion is small and the lesion contour is blurred, attention U-Net may generate wrong attention coefficient maps, leading to incorrect segmentation results. To cope with this issue, we propose a dual-path attention compensation U-Net (DPAC-UNet) network, which consists of a primary network and auxiliary path network. Both networks are attention U-Net models and identical in structure. The primary path network is the core network that performs accurate lesion segmentation and outputting of the final segmentation result. The auxiliary path network generates auxiliary attention compensation coefficients and sends them to the primary path network to compensate for and correct possible attention coefficient errors. To realize the compensation mechanism of DPAC-UNet, we propose a weighted binary cross-entropy Tversky (WBCE-Tversky) loss to train the primary path network to achieve accurate segmentation and propose another compound loss function called tolerance loss to train the auxiliary path network to generate auxiliary compensation attention coefficient maps with expanded coverage area to perform compensate operations. We conducted segmentation experiments using the 239 MRI scans of the anatomical tracings of lesions after stroke (ATLAS) dataset to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of our method. The experimental results show that the DSC score of the proposed DPAC-UNet network is 6% higher than the single-path attention U-Net. It is also higher than the existing segmentation methods of the related literature. Therefore, our method demonstrates powerful abilities in the application of stroke lesion segmentation.


Assuntos
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Health Educ Res ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542147

RESUMO

Racial and ethnic minorities in the United States face higher risks of human papillomavirus (HPV) and are less likely to benefit from HPV vaccines. Effective HPV vaccine promotion efforts need to acknowledge and adapt to the cultural characteristics of these minority groups. This systematic review examines and evaluates the cultural adaptations in the HPV vaccine intervention studies conducted in racial and ethnic minority communities in the United States. We searched five databases and identified 26 peer-reviewed English-language journal articles published between 2010 and 2019. These articles were analyzed using Healey et al.'s (2017) cultural adaptation framework for community health interventions. Almost all of these interventions involved some cultural adaptation. However, there is a lack of use of theories in guiding intervention design, lack of systematic, planned cultural adaptations and insufficient in-depth understanding of the targeted population's cultural characteristics associated with their HPV-related attitudes, beliefs and behaviors. Future intervention studies should identify specific cultural characteristics related to vaccine attitudes and behaviors to create more targeted cultural adaptations in HPV vaccine promotion.

18.
Int J Oncol ; 59(5)2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533201

RESUMO

Increasing evidence has demonstrated that long non­coding RNAs serve pivotal roles in tumor development, progression, metastasis and metabolism. However, to the best of our knowledge, the roles and molecular mechanisms of long intergenic nonprotein­coding RNA 00514 (LINC00514) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain unknown. The present study found that LINC00514 and sphingosine kinase 1 (SPHK1) were both upregulated in ESCC tissues and cells, and their high expression levels were closely associated with Tumor­Node­Metastasis stage, lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis of patients with ESCC. Functionally, knockdown of LINC00514 inhibited cell proliferation and invasion, and led to the downregulation of lipogenesis­related proteins, including SPHK1, fatty acid synthase, acetyl­coenzyme (Co)A carboxylase α and stearoyl­CoA desaturase 1, whereas LINC00514 overexpression promoted cell proliferation and invasion in ESCC KYSE150 and KYSE30 cells, and upregulated expression of lipogenesis­related proteins. Mechanistically, LINC00514 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA by sponging microRNA (miR)­378a­5p, resulting in the upregulation of SPHK1, which was accompanied by the activation of lipogenesis­related pathways, to promote ESCC cell proliferation and invasion. Taken together, these findings suggest that LINC00514 may participate in ESCC lipogenesis, and targeting the LINC00514/miR­378a­5p/SPHK1 signaling axis may be a novel and promising therapeutic strategy for management of patients with ESCC.

19.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34573650

RESUMO

Seasonal breeding is a normal phenomenon in which animals adapt to natural selection and reproduce only in specific seasons. Large studies have reported that the gut microbiota is closely related to reproduction. The purpose of this study was to explore the distinct taxonomy and function of the gut microbiota in the breeding and non-breeding seasons of the wild ground squirrel (Spermophilus dauricus). The 16S rRNA gene sequencing technology was utilized to sequence the gut microbiota of the wild ground squirrel. PICRUSt analysis was also applied to predict the function of the gut microbiota. The results suggested that the main components of the gut microbiota in all samples were Firmicutes (61.8%), Bacteroidetes (32.4%), and Proteobacteria (3.7%). Microbial community composition analyses revealed significant differences between the breeding and non-breeding seasons. At the genus level, Alistipes, Mycoplasma, Anaerotruncus, and Odoribacter were more abundant in the non-breeding season, while Blautia and Streptococcus were more abundant in the breeding season. The results of a functional prediction suggested that the relative abundance of functional categories that were related to lipid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, and nucleotide metabolism increased in the breeding season. The relative abundance of energy metabolism, transcription, and signal transduction increased in the non-breeding season. Overall, this study found differences in the taxonomy and function of the gut microbiota of the wild ground squirrel between the breeding and non-breeding seasons, and laid the foundation for further studies on the relationship between the gut microbiota and seasonal breeding.

20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5639, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561435

RESUMO

Computer-assisted diagnosis is key for scaling up cervical cancer screening. However, current recognition algorithms perform poorly on whole slide image (WSI) analysis, fail to generalize for diverse staining and imaging, and show sub-optimal clinical-level verification. Here, we develop a progressive lesion cell recognition method combining low- and high-resolution WSIs to recommend lesion cells and a recurrent neural network-based WSI classification model to evaluate the lesion degree of WSIs. We train and validate our WSI analysis system on 3,545 patient-wise WSIs with 79,911 annotations from multiple hospitals and several imaging instruments. On multi-center independent test sets of 1,170 patient-wise WSIs, we achieve 93.5% Specificity and 95.1% Sensitivity for classifying slides, comparing favourably to the average performance of three independent cytopathologists, and obtain 88.5% true positive rate for highlighting the top 10 lesion cells on 447 positive slides. After deployment, our system recognizes a one giga-pixel WSI in about 1.5 min.


Assuntos
Citodiagnóstico/métodos , Aprendizado Profundo , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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