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1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535341

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of acute occupational poisoning in Yunnan province, so as to provide basis for formulating prevention and control measures of acute occupational poisoning in Yunnan province. Methods: In December 2019, the information of acute occupational poisoning events reported in Yunnan province from 2004 to 2019 was collected, and the epidemiological distribution, event classification, industry characteristics, poison types and poisoning causes were analyzed. Results: A total of 47 acute occupational poisoning incidents were reported in Yunnan province from 2004 to 2019, with 562 poisoning cases and 51 deaths (case fatality rate of 9.07%) . The regions with the largest number of reported incidents were Kunming and Qujing, with 12 incidents (25.53%) and 10 incidents (21.28%) respectively; The majority of incidents was relatively large (31 incidents, 65.96%) , and the industry was mainly distributed in the chemical industry (19 incidents, 40.43%) and metallurgy (15 incidents, 31.91%) . The most poisonous poisons were carbon monoxide (10 incidents, 21.28%) and arsine (9 incidents, 19.15%) . The main causes of poisoning included not using personal protective equipment or poor equipment (25 incidents, 53.19%) , failure to formulate or violate safety operating procedures (15 incidents, 31.91%) . Conclusion: Acute occupational poisoning incidents occur from time to time in Yunnan province, and the fatality rate is high. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the supervision of key areas and industries.


Assuntos
Indústria Química , Envenenamento , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Metalurgia , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Envenenamento/epidemiologia
2.
Poult Sci ; 100(4): 100972, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588342

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine the ileal digestible energy (IDE), ME, and MEn of rice, broken rice, and rice bran. The birds were fed a standard starter diet from day 0 to 14 and experimental diets from day 15 to 21 after hatching. A total of 336 birds were grouped by BW and assigned to 7 diets, each diet comprised 8 replicates with 6 birds per replicate. The diets comprised a reference diet (RD) and 6 test diets (TD). The TD contained 2 levels of rice, broken rice or rice bran that partly replaced the energy sources in the RD at 120 or 240 g/kg (rice and broken rice) or 150 or 300 g/kg (rice bran). Addition of rice or broken rice to RD linearly increased (P < 0.01) ileal digestibility of DM, energy, as well as total tract metabolizability of DM, energy, and N-corrected energy in the TD. The inclusion of rice bran in the TD linearly decreased (P < 0.01) energy digestibility and utilization in the test diet. Regressions of rice-associated, broken rice-associated, or rice bran-associated IDE, ME, or MEn intake in kcal against rice, broken rice, or rice bran intake were as follows: IDE = Y = 2 (6) + 3,185 (73) × Rice + 3,199 (72) × Broken Rice + 2,562 (61) × Rice Bran, r2 = 0.98; ME = Y = 8 (6) + 3,103 (72) × Rice + 3,190 (71) × Broken Rice + 2,709 (60) × Rice Bran, r2 = 0.98; MEn = Y = 4 (5) + 3,014 (68) × Rice + 3,092 (101) × Broken Rice + 2,624 (57) × Rice Bran, r2 = 0.98; Based on the regression equations, the IDE, ME, MEn values (kcal/kg of DM) of rice were 3,185, 3,103 and 3,014, respectively, while for broken rice, the values were 3,199, 3,190, and 3,092 and for rice bran, the values were 2,562, 2,709, and 2,624, respectively.

3.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 20-26, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33396999

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) in children with acute respiratory failure. Methods: A prospective study was conducted. A total of 153 patients aged from 1 to 14 years with acute respiratory failure were enrolled, who were admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Shanghai Children's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2019. HFNC success was defined as no need for invasive mechanical ventilation and successfully withdrawn from HFNC, while HFNC failure was defined as need for invasive mechanical ventilation. HFNC at a flow rate of 2 L/(kg·min) (maximum ≤ 60 L/min) with inhaled oxygen concentration (FiO2) between 0.30 and 1.00 was applied to maintain percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2) of 0.94-0.97. Parameters including arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide in artery (PaCO2), SpO2 and PaO2/FiO2 were collected before and during the application of HFNC at 1 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h, as well as over 48 h after HFNC withdrawn. Comparison between the groups was performed by student t test, Mann-Whitney U test or chi-square test. The sensitivity and specificity of the above parameters in predicting HFNC success were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: A total of 153 children (70 males and 83 females) were enrolled. Among them, 131 (85.6%) cases were successfully weaned off from HFNC and 22 (14.4%) failed. The duration of HFNC was 57 (38, 95) hours in the successful group, and the PaO2/FiO2 before HFNC application and after HFNC was withdrawn were 187 (170, 212) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and 280 (262, 292) mmHg, respectively. The duration of HFNC in the failure group was 19 (9, 49) hours, and the PaO2/FiO2 before HFNC application and after HFNC withdrawn were 176 (171, 189) mmHg and 159 (156, 161) mmHg, respectively. The values of PaO2/FiO2 were significantly higher in the successful group than those in the failed group at using HFNC initially 1 h (196 (182, 211) vs. 174 (160, 178) mmHg, Z =-5.105, P<0.01), 6 h (213 (203, 220) vs. 168 (157, 170) mmHg, Z =-6.772, P<0.01), 12 h (226 (180, 261) vs. 165 (161, 170) mmHg, Z =-4.308, P<0.01), 24 h (229 (195, 259) vs. 165 (161, 170) mmHg, Z=-4.609, P<0.01) and 48 h (249 (216, 273) vs. 163 (158, 169) mmHg, Z =-4.628, P<0.01) after the HFNC application, and over 48 h after HFNC was withdrawn (277 (268, 283) vs. 157 (154, 158) mmHg, Z=-3.512, P<0.01). Moreover, the PaO2 levels were significantly higher in the successful group than those in the failed group using HFNC initially at 1 h (73.7 (71.0, 76.7) vs. 70.0 (66.2, 71.2) mmHg, Z=-4.587, P<0.01) and 6 h (79.0 (75.0, 82.0) vs. 71.0 (62.0, 72.0) mmHg, Z=-5.954, P<0.01) after HFNC application. Also, the SpO2 levels showed the same differences at 1 h (0.96 (0.95, 0.96) vs. 0.94 (0.92, 0.94), Z =-4.812, P<0.01) and 6 h (0.96 (0.95, 0.97) vs. 0.94(0.91, 0.95), Z=-5.024, P<0.01) after HFNC application. Forty eight hours after HFNC was withdrawn, the PaO2 (88.0 (81.7, 95.0) vs. 63.7 (63.3, 66.0) mmHg, Z =-3.032, P<0.01) and SpO2 (0.96 (0.94, 0.98) vs. 0.91 (0.90, 0.92), Z=-3.957, P<0.01) were also significantly higher in the successful group. Regarding the HFNC complications, there was one case with atelectasis and one with pneumothorax in the failure group. HFNC was used as sequential oxygen therapy after extubation in 79 children, successful in all. ROC curve showed that the area under curve of PaO2/FiO2 in predicting HFNC success was 0.990, and the optimal cut-off value was 232 mmHg with the 95%CI of 0.970-1.000 (P<0.01). Conclusions: HFNC could be used as a respiratory support strategy for children with mild to moderate respiratory failure and as a sequential oxygen therapy after extubation. The PaO2/FiO2 when HFNC withdrow is the optimal index to evaluate the success of HFNC application.


Assuntos
Oxigênio , Insuficiência Respiratória , Adolescente , Idoso , Cânula , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Oxigenoterapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia
4.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 1112-1116, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331323

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of disinfectant (Cavicide) with benzethon chloramine and isopropanol as main active ingredients disinfectant on dental impression accuracy. METHODS: The effect of Cavicide on three impression materials (alginate, polyether and vinylpolysiloxane) were assessed using a standard model. The standard model was digitized by an extraoral scanner (IScan D103i, Imetric). For each kind of impression materials, thirty impressions were taken following the manufactures' instruction in the same conditions. Subsequently, the impressions were randomly divided into three groups, with ten impressions in each group. After the impression taking was completed, the three groups underwent pure water rinse for 1 min (blank control, BC), 2% glutaraldehyde solution immersion disinfection for 30 min (glutaraldehyde, GD), and Cavicide solution spray disinfection for 5 min (Cavicide, CC), respectively. All the impressions were digitized by the extraoral scanner (IScan D103i, Imetric) after disinfection and exported to a dedicated three-dimensional analysis software (Geomagic Qualify 2014, Geomagic, USA). In the software, the digital models of the impressions were trimmed to teeth and then superimposed with the digitized standard model via best-fit alignment. Root mean square (RMS) was used to evaluate the deviations between the impression and the standard model. The deviation in the anterior and posterior regions was evaluated respectively. One-way ANOVA test and the LSD post-hoc test were used to compare the deviations between the three groups (P < 0.05). The color map of each superimposition was saved for visual analysis. RESULTS: For the polyether and vinylpolysiloxane materials, the difference between the three groups was not statistically significant (P=0.933, P=0.827). For the alginate material, the difference in posterior region between group GD and group BC, as well as group GD and group CC were statistically significant (GD vs. BC, P=0.001; GD vs. CC, P=0.002), while the difference between group BC and group CC was not statistically significant (P=0.854). The visual analysis showed an obvious deviation in the buccal-lingual direction in group GD. CONCLUSION: Disinfectant (Cavicide) with benzethon chloramine and isopropanol as main active ingredients using spray disinfection has no effect on the accuracy of the alginate, polyether and vinylpolysiloxane impressions.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes , 2-Propanol , Cloraminas , Materiais para Moldagem Odontológica , Técnica de Moldagem Odontológica , Modelos Dentários , Desinfecção
5.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 675-679, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942823

RESUMO

Objective: In this study, we aimed to determine the change and clinical significance of serum level Apo A1 in MM patients. Methods: In total, 412 multiple myeloma patients were examined. SPSS 22.0 was used for data analysis. Correlation analysis was performed using linear correlation or Spearman rank correlation coefficients. Measurement data were analyzed with the t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, or oneway analysis of variance (ANOVA) . Used the ROC curve to calculate the cutoff value and compared the OS and PFS between high Apo A1 subgroup and low Apo A1 subgroup with Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Results: Our study showed that value of Apo A1 in the patient group was lower than that in the control group (0.89 g/L vs 1.24 g/L, P<0.05) . We found that Apo A1 dynamically changed with different MM stages. As it was increased when the disease was in remission, and decreased after disease in progression. According the result of multivariate analysis Apo A1 reduction become the independent risk factors of MM. On the basis of Kaplan-Meier survival analysis between high Apo A1 subgroup and low Apo A1 subgroup, we found higher Apo A1 patienta had longer OS rate and PFS. Conclusions: Apo A1 is a useful biomarker of tumor burden and a prognostic factor of multiple myeloma.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Apolipoproteína A-I , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Prognóstico , Curva ROC
7.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(6): 482-487, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521960

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical features and outcomes of cancer-related and non-cancer-related sepsis in children who were admitted pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods: The clinical history of patients with sepsis, who were admitted to PICU in Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University from August 2016 to July 2019, were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 768 patients were divided into the cancer-related sepsis group (135 cases) and the non-cancer-related sepsis group (633 cases). The patients in the cancer-related group were further categorized into three subgroups including hematological malignancy (80 cases), solid tumor (43 cases) and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) (12 cases). The variables of clinical features, laboratory tests, pathogens, management strategies and in-hospital mortality were compared between the two groups by student t test, Mann-Whitney U test or Chi-square test. Results: The patients with cancer-related sepsis accounted for 17.6% of all patients (135/768). Regarding the site of initial infection, the incidence of gastrointestinal infection (43.0% (58/135) vs. 28.6% (181/633), χ(2)=10.718, P=0.001), blood stream infection (29.6% (40/135) vs. 17.1% (108/633), χ(2)=11.297, P=0.001) and skin and soft tissue infection (22.2% (30/135) vs. 4.1% (26/633), χ(2)=54.013, P<0.01) were higher in the patients with cancer-related sepsis than in those with non-cancer-related sepsis. On first PICU admission, the levels of hemoglobin (71 (61, 83) vs. 106 (92, 116) g/L, Z=13.594, P<0.01), white blood cell (1.4 (0.3, 5.2) vs. 9.8 (5.8, 15.1)×10(9)/L, Z=11.213, P<0.01), platelet count (51 (15, 121) vs. 286 (192, 384)×10(9)/L, Z=13.336, P<0.01), CD19(+)cells (0.106 (0.008, 0.274) vs. 0.325 (0.224, 0.454), Z=6.555, P<0.01), and neutrophil (0.449 (0.170, 0.730) vs. 0.683 (0.537, 0.800), Z=5.974, P<0.01) were significantly lower in patients with cancer-related sepsis; however, the levels of C-reactive protein (82 (25, 155) vs. 36 (11, 86) mg/L, Z=-5.257, P<0.01), procalcitonin (1.5 (0.3, 12.0) vs. 0.8 (0.2, 4.0) µg/L, Z=-2.767, P=0.006), CD8(+)cells (0.329 (0.253, 0.514) vs. 0.209 (0.156, 0.275), Z=-5.699, P<0.01), interleukin (IL) -6 (0.1 (0.1, 522.4) vs. 0.1 (0.1, 0.1) ng/L, Z=-2.747, P=0.006), IL-8 (0.1 (0.1, 177.0) vs. 0.1 (0.1, 4.5) ng/L, Z=-2.087, P=0.037), and IL-10 (0.1 (0.1, 42.7) vs. 0.1 (0.1, 6.6) ng/L, Z=-2.148, P=0.032) were significantly higher in patients with cancer-related sepsis. Similarly, the rate of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) (34.8% (47/135) vs. 16.9% (107/633), χ(2)=26.267, P<0.01) and the use of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) (83.0% (112/135) vs. 66.2% (419/633), χ(2)=14.667, P<0.01) were significantly higher in cancer-related sepsis group. Moreover, the incidence of co-infection with fungi was also higher in cancer-related sepsis group (14.1% (19/135) vs. 0.5%(3/633), χ(2)=73.965, P<0.01), and so was the number of multiple organ dysfunction (3 (2, 5) vs. 2 (1, 3), Z=-6.988, P<0.01). Finally, the in-hospital mortality rate of cancer-related sepsis and non-cancer-related sepsis were 36.3% (49/135) and 9.3% (59/633), respectively, also significantly different (χ(2)=67.000, P<0.01). There was no difference in the in-hospital mortality among children with hematologic tumors, solid tumors and HLH (35.0% (28/80) vs. 32.6% (14/43) vs. 7/12, χ(2)=2.838, P=0.242). Conclusions: The site of initial infection, inflammatory markers on PICU admission, and co-infection pathogen during hospitalization are different between patients with cancer-related sepsis and non-cancer-related sepsis. Besides, the in-hospital mortality of cancer-related sepsis is about 4-fold that of non-cancer-related sepsis. The monitoring of clinical features and organ dysfunction, and timely treatment are crucial for cancer-related sepsis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Sepse , Proteína C-Reativa , Criança , China , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(8): 4337-4347, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This research was designed to explore the expression characteristics of microRNA-9501 in breast cancer (BCa), and to further explore whether it can influence the development of BCa through the regulation of Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: QPCR was carried out to examine microRNA-9501 level in tumor tissue samples and paracancerous ones collected from 42 BCa patients, and the interplay between microRNA-9501 expression and the clinical indicators, as well as the prognosis of BCa patients were analyzed. In addition, we detected microRNA-9501 expression in BCa cell lines by qPCR. Subsequently, microRNA-9501 overexpression model was constructed in BCa cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231. Then, CCK-8, EdU, cell wound healing, as well as transwell assays, were carried out to evaluate the impact of microRNA-9501 on the biological functions of BCa cells. Finally, the Dual-Luciferase reporting test and tumor formation experiment in nude mice were conducted to further clarify the potential molecular mechanism. RESULTS: QPCR results indicated that microRNA-9501 level in tumor tissue specimens of BCa patients was remarkably higher than that in adjacent ones, and the difference was statistically significant. Compared with patients with high expression of microRNA-9501, patients with lowly-expressed microRNA-9501 had higher tumor stage, higher incidence of lymph node or distant metastasis, and lower overall survival rate. In addition, compared with control group, cells in microRNA-9501 overexpression group showed a significant decrease in proliferation rate, invasiveness, and migration ability. Meanwhile, luciferase reporting assay revealed that overexpression of ß-Catenin remarkably attenuated the luciferase activity of the vector containing wild-type microRNA-9501 sequences, further demonstrating that microRNA-9501 can be targeted by ß-Catenin. Meanwhile, qPCR revealed a negative association between ß-Catenin and microRNA-9501 in BCa tissues. Finally, tumor-bearing experiments in nude mice also demonstrated that microRNA-9501 may suppress the malignant growth of breast tumor. CONCLUSIONS: MicroRNA-9501 expression was found remarkably decreased in BCa tissues and cell lines, which was closely relevant to the pathological stage, metastasis incidence, and prognosis of BCa patients. In addition, microRNA-9501 may suppress the malignant progression of BCa via modulating Wnt/ß-Catenin path-way.

9.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(2): 163-169, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074797

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility, safety and long-term efficacy of laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with distal pancreaticosplenectomy for the treatment of T4b gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Clinical data of consecutive patients with T4b gastric cancer invading pancreatic tail undergoing laparoscopic or open total gastrectomy combined with distal pancreaticosplenectomy from January 2010 to December 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. Enrollment criteria: (1) primary gastric cancer confirmed by pathology as T4b adenocarcinoma; (2) chest+abdominal+pelvic enhanced CT indicated cancer invading pancreatic tail without distant metastasis, and R0 resection was evaluated as feasible before operation; (3) physical status was ECOG score 0 to 2, and was tolerant to operation. Patients with peritoneal implant metastasis and tumor invasion of other organs during operation, or changes in surgical methods for other reasons were excluded. All the operations were performed by the same surgical team, which had the experiences of more than 100 cases of laparoscopic and 100 cases of open radical gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection. The choice of surgical procedure was discussed by the surgeon and the patient, and decided according to the patient's intension. Patients were divided into the laparoscopic group and open group according to the surgical method. Intraoperative and perioperative findings were compared between the two groups. The 3-year disease-free survival rate were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier survival curve and compared by using log-rank test. Results: A total of 37 consecutive patients were enrolled, including 21 in the laparoscopic group and 16 in the open group, and no one receiving laparoscopic procedure was converted to open surgery. The baseline data of two groups were comparable (all P>0.05). Compared with the open group, the laparoscopic group had significantly longer operation time [(264.0±35.1) minutes vs. (226.6±49.9) minutes, t=2.685, P=0.011], significantly less intraoperative blood loss [(65.7±37.4) ml vs. (182.2±94.6) ml, t=-4.658, P<0.001], significantly shorter time to postoperative flatus [(2.8±0.7) days vs. (4.1±0.7) days, t=-5.776, P<0.001] and significantly shorter postoperative hospital stay [(13.3±2.8) days vs. (16.6±4.3) days, t=-2.822, P=0.008]. Morbidity of postoperative complications, including anastomotic leakage, pancreatic fistula, abdominal abscess, intraperitoneal hemorrhage and duodenal stump leakage, in two groups was similar [19.0% (4/21) vs. 4/16, P=0.705]. There were no cases of anastomotic bleeding or stenosis. The 30-day postoperative mortality was 0 in the laparoscopic group and 1/16 in the open group, respectively (P=0.432). The 3-year disease-free survival rates were 38.1% and 37.5% in the laparoscopic and open group, respectively (P=0.751). Conclusion: Laparoscopic total gastrectomy combined with distal pancreaticosplenectomy performed by experienced surgeons for T4b gastric cancer is safe and effective.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Laparoscopia , Pancreatectomia , Esplenectomia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(1): 23-27, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023750

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate possible effects of Gelctin-9 on acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) development and clinical outcomes in patients before and afer allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 29 patients and 15 healthy volunteers with heparin anticoagulant tubes. Samples were analyzed using ELISA kits to measure the serum concentrations of Galectin-9. Results: Patients developing aGVHD had significantly lower level of Galectin-9 [ (7.96±1.18) µg/L] before allo-HSCT compared with those not developing aGVHD [ (12.37±0.97) µg/L, P<0.001]. And after allo-HSCT, the consentration of Galectin-9 increased markedly in patients developing aGVHD [ (17.78±1.78) µg/L] compared with those not developing aGVHD [ (9.45±0.80) µg/L, P<0.001]. Patients developing 3-4 grade aGVHD had significantly higher level of Galectin-9 [ (23.25±2.59) µg/L] compared with those developing 1-2 grade aGVHD [ (14.37±1.45) µg/L, P=0.008] and those without aGVHD [ (9.45±0.80) µg/L, P<0.001]. The patients with lower level of Galectin-9 after allo-HSCT (<13.61 µg/L) showed more favorable clinical outcomes compared with those with higher level of Galectin-9 (≥13.61 µg/L) . The 3-year overall survival rates were (100.00±6.05) % and (69.23±12.80) %, respectively (P=0.009) . The cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality was significantly higher in high Galectin-9 group [ (23.08±11.69) %] in comparison with low Gaelctin-9 group [ (0.00±7.39) %] (P=0.023) . There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the cumulative incidence of relapse. The cumulative incidence of relapse at 3 years were (8.33±7.98) % and (12.50±8.27) % in high and low Galectin-9 groups, respectively (P=0.708) . Conclusions: The serum concentration of Galectin-9 at the time of engraftment after allo-HSCT may be used as a predictor for the development and severity of aGVHD. Galectin-9 might be considered as a potential new approach to regulate transplant rejection to achieve desirable survival.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Galectinas , Humanos , Incidência , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 301: 122798, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981907

RESUMO

The polyvinyl formal (PVFM) biocarrier addition in a membrane bioreactor (MBR) was evaluated at high and low carbon/nitrogen (C/N) ratio of 20.0 and 6.7. Results indicated that static biocarrier addition could enrich nitrification and denitrification bacteria, dominating by Tauera, Amaricoccus and Nitrosospira at the genus level and slightly improved the total nitrogen removal even at a low C/N ratio. The bulk sludge characteristics (such as bigger particle size, lower SMP, lower SMP P/C) were also significantly changed in the hybrid MBR (HMBR), leading to a more sustainable membrane operation. The biocarrier addition also reduced the relative abundance of Sphingobacterials_unclassified, Ohtaekwangia and Rhodocyclaceae_unclassified at the genus level, indicating less membrane fouling in the HMBR. Consequently, HMBR with static PVFM addition could partially overcome the drawback of low C/N ratio for total nitrogen removal and membrane fouling control, providing a more resilient MBR to the undesirable environment such as low C/N ratio.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Nitrogênio , Reatores Biológicos , Desnitrificação , Membranas Artificiais , Esgotos , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
14.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; 60(15): 2593-2605, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429319

RESUMO

Field pea is one of the most important leguminous crops over the world. Pea protein is a relatively new type of plant proteins and has been used as a functional ingredient in global food industry. Pea protein includes four major classes (globulin, albumin, prolamin, and glutelin), in which globulin and albumin are major storage proteins in pea seeds. Globulin is soluble in salt solutions and can be further classified into legumin and vicilin. Albumin is soluble in water and regarded as metabolic and enzymatic proteins with cytosolic functions. Pea protein has a well-balanced amino acid profile with high level of lysine. The composition and structure of pea protein, as well as the processing conditions, significantly affect its physical and chemical properties, such as hydration, rheological characteristics, and surface characteristics. With its availability, low cost, nutritional values and health benefits, pea protein can be used as a novel and effective alternative to substitute for soybean or animal proteins in functional food applications.


Assuntos
Alimento Funcional , Proteínas de Ervilha/química , Ervilhas/química , Animais , Globulinas/química , Humanos , Sementes/química
15.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(18): 8168-8174, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599449

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Levocarnitine plays a crucial role in the metabolism of organisms. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of Levocarnitine on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) rats and the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cerebral I/R model was first successfully established. Two groups were set up, including drug group (I/R + Levocarnitine group) and control group (I/R group). The influences of Levocarnitine on brain injury and oxidative stress in cerebral I/R rats were evaluated. Furthermore, the impacts of Levocarnitine on the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant responsive element (ARE) signaling pathway and neuronal apoptosis in rats were detected. RESULTS: Compared with I/R group, I/R + Levocarnitine group exhibited markedly lowered neurological deficit score and cerebral infarct volume. However, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and notably decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) were significantly up-regulated in I/R + Levocarnitine group. This suggested that Levocarnitine could relieve cerebral nerve injury and oxidative stress in cerebral I/R rats. Additionally, in I/R + Levocarnitine group, the protein expressions of Nrf2, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) were significantly up-regulated, whereas cleaved Caspase-3 (c-Caspase-3) was notably down-regulated. Furthermore, neuronal apoptosis in cerebral I/R rats was remarkably inhibited. CONCLUSIONS: Levocarnitine alleviates brain injury and neuronal apoptosis in cerebral I/R rats by activating the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Elementos de Resposta Antioxidante/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Carnitina/farmacologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Caspase 3/efeitos dos fármacos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/efeitos dos fármacos , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Ratos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(9): 692-696, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594189

RESUMO

The occurrence, development, and prognosis of burn is a complicated pathophysiological process involving many organs and systems. With the development of science and technology and update of treatment concept, more and more new materials, new equipments, and new methods are applied to the diagnosis and treatment of burn. Animals similar to humans in anatomical structure and physiological function are the ideal models for research of burn. Nowadays, animal models of burn have been developed to simulate different aspects of burn. These models provide important essential support for elucidating the pathophysiological mechanism of burns and exploring new therapeutic interventions and materials for human beings. Understanding the advantages and limitations of these animal models is essential for the research of burn.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Modelos Animais , Cicatrização , Animais , Humanos
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(12): 5277-5284, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of the total amino-terminal propeptide of type 1 procollagen (P1NP) and C-terminal telopeptide of ß-I collagen (ß-CTX) in bone metastasis of patients with breast cancer and the correlation between them. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 73 patients were retrospectively analyzed. These patients with breast cancer were treated in Oncology, General Surgery, and Orthopedic Departments in The Third People's Hospital of Qingdao from March 2014 to April 2017, including 40 patients with bone metastasis (bone metastasis group) and 33 patients with no bone metastasis (non-bone metastasis group). Other 40 healthy people who received physical examination in the same period were selected as the control group. The expression of P1NP and ß-CTX in plasma were detected by the Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the correlation between them was analyzed. RESULTS: There were significant differences in P1NP and ß-CTX concentrations among the three groups (p<0.05). The concentrations of P1NP in the control group and the non-bone metastasis group were significantly lower than that in the bone metastasis group (p<0.05); the concentrations of ß-CTX in the control group and the non-bone metastasis group were significantly lower than that in the bone metastasis group (p<0.05). P1NP: AUC=0.852, sensitivity: 72.5%, specificity: 93.9%, CUT OFF=66.44. ß-CTX: AUC=0.883, sensitivity: 85.0%, specificity: 84.8%, CUT OFF=69.8. Joint detection: AUC=0.952, sensitivity: 84.8%, specificity: 99.5%, CUT OFF=99.5. The results of the concentrations of P1NP and ß-CTX in the bone metastasis group detected by the Pearson correlation analysis showed that their concentrations were positively correlated in the bone metastasis group (r=0.764, p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: P1NP and ß-CTX in plasma have a high diagnostic value for bone metastasis of breast cancer and have important significance in the diagnosis of bone metastasis and disease monitoring.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Colágeno Tipo I/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Peptídeos/sangue , Pró-Colágeno/sangue , Adulto , Biópsia , Densidade Óssea , Neoplasias Ósseas/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(6): 477-483, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340620

RESUMO

Objective: To clarify the prevalence, clinical features and molecular characteristics of germline GATA2 mutations in pediatric primary myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) . Methods: Next-generation sequencing technology was used to detect mutations in GATA2 and other myeloid malignancy genes in 129 children with primary MDS from Jan. 2007 to Jan. 2018. The relationship between genotypes and phenotypes was analyzed. Results: Germline GATA2 mutations accounted for 8.5% (11/129) of all primary MDS cases, and 14.0% (11/50) of MDS with excess blasts (MDS-EB) and acute myeloid leukaemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC) . Compared with GATA2 wild-type patients, GATA2 mutated patients were older at diagnosis[8 (1-16) years old vs 6 years old (range: 1 month old-18 years old) , P=0.035]and higher risk of monosomy 7 (72.7%vs 5.2%, P<0.001) and classified into MDS-EB and AML-MRC compared with refractory cytopenia of childhood (RCC) (63.6%vs 36.4%, P=0.111) . The multivariate analysis showed SETBP1 mutation (P=0.041, OR=9.003, 95%CI 1.098-73.787) and isolated monosomy 7 (P=0.002, OR=24.835, 95%CI 3.305-186.620) were significantly associated with germline mutated GATA2. Overall survival (OS) and outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) were not influenced by GATA2 mutational status. Conclusions: Our data identify germline GATA2 mutations have a high prevalence in older pediatric patients with monosomy 7, and high risk of progression into advanced MDS subtypes. GATA2 mutation status does not affect OS in pediatric primary MDS.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição GATA2/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Lactente , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética
19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(2): 273-276, 2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30996367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between rotator cuff tear and the proximal migration of humeral head. METHODS: In this research, we retrospectively selected 30 patients with unilateral rotator cuff tear in Peking University People's Hospital from September 2015 to May 2016, who received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and X-ray of the painful shoulder before enrollment in this study, the duration between the two examinations was no longer than 1 week, and also there was no past history of surgery in the selected shoulders. There was no other exclusion criteria. Upward migration index (UMI) was the ratio between the distance of humeral head center to the lower surface of acromion, and the radius of humeral head circle, which could help to minimize the effect of anatomy difference and imaging magnification, compared with the traditional acromiohumeral distance (AHD). Then we introduced this index to stratify the selected 30 patients into 3 groups, and each group contained 10 patients, UMI of group 1 was >1 and ≤1.2, UMI of group 2 was >1.2 and ≤1.4, UMI of group 3 was >1.4. As the supraspinatus was most commonly affected by pathological change among the four rotator cuff tendons, we took it as the research object. Then we used the Spearman correlation analysis to evaluate the relationship between UMI and fatty degeneration, rotator cuff tear size and the thickness of ruptured supraspinatus tendon from X-ray and MRI. RESULTS: In the A-P view, the average UMI was 1.33 (1.02-1.51, SD: ±0.22). UMI and the tear size had a significant negative correlation (R=-0.584, P<0.01), and also there was a negative correlation between the fatty degeneration of the supraspinatus (R=-0.312, P=0.033). However, there was no correlation between UMI and the thickness of ruptured supraspinatus (R=0.127, P=0.071). CONCLUSION: UMI is related with the fatty degeneration of supraspinatus and the tear size. The reduction of UMI is a predictable and reliable mark of rotator cuff tear and degeneration in clinic. Physicians can use physical examination and X-ray first when facing the patients with shoulder pain, which is convenient and helpful for evaluating rotator cuff tears.


Assuntos
Cabeça do Úmero , Lesões do Manguito Rotador , Articulação do Ombro , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Manguito Rotador
20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(5): 2263-2272, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Abnormal immunoinflammatory responses play important roles in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the ceramide agonist daunorubicin (DNR) was injected into the lateral ventricles to induce ceramide accumulation. The behavioral tests were used to observe schizophrenia-like behavioral changes. Changes in the mRNA levels of the proinflammatory cytokines and the protein levels of the glutamate transporter excitatory amino acid transporter-2 (EAAT-2) were detected. After inhibition of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), the above indices were detected again. Nissl staining was used to assess neuronal damage. RESULTS: After intracerebroventricular injection of DNR, ceramide significantly accumulated in the hippocampus, and behavioral tests revealed negative schizophrenia symptoms accompanied by induced learning and memory dysfunction. Furthermore, the hippocampus demonstrated increased mRNA levels of the proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and significantly decreased EAAT-2 protein levels. Nissl staining revealed neuronal damage after ceramide accumulation. The NF-κB inhibitor pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) reduced the behavioral abnormalities caused by ceramide accumulation, downregulated CONCLUSIONS: The experimental results suggest that ceramide reduces EAAT-2 expression through the NF-κB/TNF-α pathway and causes neuronal excitotoxicity in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, leading to neuronal damage.


Assuntos
Daunorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Transportador 2 de Aminoácido Excitatório/genética , Transportador 2 de Aminoácido Excitatório/metabolismo , Esquizofrenia/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ceramidas/agonistas , Ceramidas/metabolismo , Citocinas/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo , Hipocampo/química , Masculino , Ratos , Esquizofrenia/genética , Esquizofrenia/metabolismo
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