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2.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 56(9): 939-944, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496546

RESUMO

At present, robotic system has been applied in many aspects of the field of prosthetic dentistry, such as tooth preparation, oral implant surgery, full denture arrangement, prosthodontic material testing and robotic education of prosthodontics. The advantages of prosthodontic robotics lie in their ability to perform quantitative and precise operations whilerepeating the work flow indefinitely, which assist dentists to complete heavy and complicated daily treatment. In the research and development of prosthodontic robotics, the limitation of oral operation space should be fully considered, and robotics should have high safety and flexibility. The review briefly summarizes the application and existing problems of robotics in prosthodontics, and provides references for further development and design.


Assuntos
Prostodontia , Cirurgia Bucal , Odontólogos , Humanos , Preparo do Dente
3.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(8): 083509, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470419

RESUMO

A solid state terahertz interferometer has been developed on the recent commissioned HL-2M tokamak. It can work in a wide frequency region of 220-325 GHz, and the terahertz wave is generated from a low frequency phase locked voltage controlled oscillator with the frequency multiplying technique. A phase processor based on field programmable gate array (FPGA) technology is designed for the heterodyne interferometer, and it contributes to real-time display of electron density. To extract phase information, a novel numerical algorithm related to fast Fourier transform is written on the FPGA chip and enables one to obtain phase shift without being affected by amplitude variation induced by plasma absorption or frequency modulation from the outer electromagnetic environment. The interferometer achieves minimum measurable electron density in the order of 1016 m-3. With the plasma diagnosis, electron density and low frequency tearing mode have been measured during the first experimental campaign.

4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(8): 833-837, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407587

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact and clinical significance of the revised 2019 Chinese HER-2 testing guidelines on the detecting result evaluation of invasive breast cancers with equivocal HER-2 immunostaining by using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Methods: A total of 569 cases of invasive breast cancers with HER-2 (+ + ) immunostaining evaluated according to the immunohistochemistry (IHC) guidelines of 2014 edition and 2019 edition from May to November 2019 were collected and further detected by FISH. The results of HER-2/CEPl7 double probe were respectively interpreted according to both the 2014 and 2019 Chinese HER-2 testing guidelines and the results were compared. Results: According to the 2014 guidelines, the number of HER-2 positive, equivocal and negative cases were 139 (24.43%), 67 (11.78%), and 363 (63.80%), respectively. Whereas according to the 2019 guidelines, 115 cases (20.21%) were the first group, 9 cases (1.58%) were the second group, 15 cases (2.64%) were the third group, 67 cases (11.78%) were the fourth group, and 363 cases were (63.80%) the fifth group, of which 130 cases (22.85%) were positive and 439 cases (77.15%) were negative by FISH detecting. Compared with the guideline of 2014 edition, the HER-2 positive rate of FISH detection reduced from 24.43% (139/569) to 22.85% (130/559) according to the application of the guideline of 2019 edition, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.567), while the negative rate increased from 63.80% (363/569) to 77.15% (439/569), with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). Forty-three cases with incomplete weak to medium intensity of IHC membrane staining which were HER-2 (+ + ) according to 2014 guideline were changed to IHC (+ ) on the basis of the 2019 guideline. According to the FISH guideline of 2014 edition, 1 case (2.33%) was positive, 6 cases (13.95%) was equivocal and 36 cases (83.72%) was negative, while according to the 2019 FISH guideline, all of the 43 cases were negative. Conclusions: According to the guideline of 2019 edition, a proportion of cases changes from HER-2 (+ + ) to (+ ), and the HER-2 positive rate of FISH test decreases slightly, the negative rate increases, the equivocal result is eliminated, which provides a definite reference for screening patients who will be benefited from the targeted treatment of HER-2.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , China , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente
5.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(5): 053501, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243359

RESUMO

A toroidal soft x-ray array system for spectrum and intensity measurements on the EXL-50 spherical tokamak is described. Silicon drift detectors and digital multichannel analyzers are adopted for all 21 channels of the array, and an average energy resolution of 147 eV at 5.89 keV has been achieved at count rates over 500 kcps. In total, 20 channels of the array are symmetrically observed in both co- and counter-current directions on the EXL-50 mid-plane with a spatial resolution of around 10 cm, and the remaining one serves as a background reference channel. Tungsten emissions from tungsten coating of the limiters on the central post are observed. The influence of hard x rays on measured soft x-ray spectra and system operation is discussed.

6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(21): 1583-1591, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098685

RESUMO

Objective: Investigate the current situation of lung cancer cough diagnosis and treatment and the awareness of related issues among Chinese medical providers. Methods: Doctors, nurses, pharmacists from the oncology department, respiratory department, or general department were investigated using an electronic questionnaire from January 29 to March 29, 2021. There were 25 questions about lung cancer in the questionnaire. The questionnaire was including the most common accompanying symptoms in patients with lung cancer, the incidence of lung cancer-related cough, the assessment of the proportion of central antitussive drugs, and the commonly used central antitussives. Results: Questionnaires from 2 424 medical providers were collected from 402 hospitals in 21 provincial administrative units. Cough was the most common symptom in lung cancer. Most physicians believed that the incidence of lung cancer-related cough was 51%~75%, while the proportion of patients satisfied with the treatment was only 11%~20%. The evaluation of lung cancer-related cough was seriously insufficient. The leading cause of lung cancer-related cough was tumors. And the main problem was the inadequate antitussive effect of drugs in lung cancer-related cough management. The proportion of central antitussive medication usage in the secondary and tertiary hospitals was 93.9% and 92.0%, significantly higher than 75.0% in Primary hospitals (χ²=8.390, P=0.015). The proportion of the physicians who underhanded that codeine is at risk of addiction was 76.6% and 72.0% in the secondary and tertiary hospitals, which were significantly higher than 53.9% in Primary hospitals (χ²=9.240, P=0.010). In different occupations, the proportions of doctors and pharmacists who knew the risk of addicting to codeine were 73.0% and 82.6%, which were significantly higher than the 66.4% of nurses (χ²=21.200, P<0.001). The Chinese medical providers were lack of training about the basic knowledge of using central antitussive medication. Conclusions: The proportion of patients who were satisfied with the effect of cough treatment is low. The medical staff did not have enough awareness of this. There was an urgent need to develop a consensus and standardize lung cancer cough diagnosis and treatment in China.


Assuntos
Antitussígenos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Antitussígenos/uso terapêutico , China/epidemiologia , Tosse/tratamento farmacológico , Tosse/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(6): 592-597, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078045

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathological features and prognosis of nodal lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (n-LPL/WM). Methods: A total of 19 cases of n-LPL/WM were collected from May 2009 to January 2020 at First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype, Ig gene rearrangement (BIOMED-2), MYD88 L265P mutation status (by Sanger sequencing) and follow-up data (by telephone) were analyzed. Results: There were 15 males and 4 females with a median age of 61 years (range 43 to 82 years). There were 14 WM and five LPL. The most common symptoms were weakness, fatigue (9/19) and B symptoms (11/19). Majority of the patients (16/18) presented with systemic multiple lymphadenopathies. Eighteen patients presented at advanced stages (Ⅲ/Ⅳ stage). Serum M protein status was IgM (15 cases), IgG (1 case), IgA (1 case) and no-secretory type (2 cases). Seventeen patients had bone marrow involvement. Morphologically, all 19 cases were divided into two groups: typical group (9 cases) or atypical group (10 cases). In the typical group, the structures of the lymph nodes were preserved; the neoplastic cells were predominantly plasmacytoid lymphocytes or mixed small lymphocytes, plasmacytoid lymphocytes and plasma cells, without proliferation of FDC network and follicular implantation. In the atypical group, the tumor showed effaced nodal architecture (5 cases), mainly proliferation of small lymphocytes (6 cases), FDC proliferation and/or follicular implantation (6 cases), marginal zone B cell differentiation (4 cases) and diffuse amyloidosis (1 case). Hemosiderin deposition (19 cases), infiltration of fatty tissue (19 cases) and interstitial sclerosis (9 cases) were commonly seen in both groups. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic B cells expressed CD20 and CD79α, and the neoplastic plasma cells were positive for CD38, CD138 and MUM-1; eight cases showed light chain restriction; of the seven detected cases, five expressed IgM and the other two expressed IgG and IgA respectively; four cases expressed CD23 weakly, Ki-67 index was 10%-30%. MYD88 L265P mutation was seen in 18/18 cases. There was no significant difference in clinicopathologic features and prognosis between the two groups (P>0.05). The median follow-up time was 61 months, 11 patients were alive, while eight died; the 5-year survival rate was 21.1%. Conclusions: n-LPL/WM is rare, but patients usually present in advanced stages. It is easily confused with other small B-cell lymphomas with plasma cell differentiation, especially basing on morphologic features alone; thus the accurate diagnosis of n-LPL/WM requires a combination of clinical features, serum M protein, immunohistochemistry, bone marrow morphology,flow cytometry and MYD88 L265P mutation status etc. The prognosis of n-LPL/WM may be not very good, and further studies with more cases are needed.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B , Linfoma de Células B , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD20 , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Macroglobulinemia de Waldenstrom/genética
8.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(6): 604-608, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078047

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, molecular genetics, treatment and prognosis of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration (BLL-11q). Methods: Six cases of BLL-11q diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, from January 2016 to January 2020 were reviewed and analyzed using hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry, EBER in situ hybridization and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Clinical information including follow-up data was collected and analyzed. Results: The median age of the six immunocompetent patients was 29 years (range 20-38 years) and the male to female ratio was 5∶1. All patients had nodal disease in the head and neck region. Five patients had Ann Arbor stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ disease, while one patient had stage Ⅳ disease. Lymph nodes showed partial or total architectural effacement by a diffuse proliferation of monomorphic lymphocytes. Four cases were morphologically similar to Burkitt lymphoma, and two cases were unclassified with histological features between Burkitt lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Mitotic figures, apoptosis and necrosis were conspicuous. Five cases exhibited the"starry sky"pattern. CD20, CD10 and bcl-6 were diffusely and strongly positive. The Ki-67 index was more than 95%. The follicular-dendritic-cell meshwork was noted in one case using CD21 stain. C-MYC was expressed variably. CD3, bcl-2, MUM-1, CD30 and TDT were negative in all cases. EBER in situ hybridization was also all negative. FISH analyses using C-MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 break-apart probes were all negative. All cases had the 11q23.3 gain/11q24.3 loss pattern, and 11q23.3 amplification was found in one case. IgH and IRF4 break-apart probes analysis was also negative. All patients were alive with no disease after a follow-up of 4 to 19 months. Conclusion: BLL-11q is a rare lymphoma that resembles Burkitt lymphoma morphologically and phenotypically, but lacks C-MYC gene rearrangements. Instead, it has a chromosome-11q alteration characterized by proximal gains and telomeric losses. It's necessary to improve our understanding of BLL-11q to avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adulto , Linfoma de Burkitt/genética , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Feminino , Genes myc/genética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Masculino , Biologia Molecular , Translocação Genética , Adulto Jovem
9.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(6): 609-614, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078048

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis of primary cutaneous nasal extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (pcENKTCL-NT). Methods: Fifteen cases of pcENKTCL-NT were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2016 to December 2019. The clinical characteristics, morphological features, immunophenotypes, and results of in situ hybridization and gene detection were analyzed. Results: Among the 15 patients, 7 were male and 8 were female, with a male to female ratio of 1.0∶1.1. Their ages ranged from 29 to 86 years, and the median age was 59.3 years. All patients were hospitalized for skin lesions, including skin ulcers, scattered patchy red papules, and local blisters. The skin lesion might be a hard nodular mass, and part of it was a confluent patchy erythema; it could be manifested as multiple scattered nodules of different sizes, and some lesions were like round ulceration. There were 8 cases of lower limbs, 4 cases of chest (1 case with upper limb lesions), 2 cases of trunk and 1 case of neck. Most of the patients were sensitive to GGDP regimen (cisplatin, dexamethasone, gemcitabine and pemostatin). Histologically, most lesions showed tumor cells invading the epidermis and skin appendages, dermal infiltration, diffuse distribution, vascular and peritubular destruction, and some subcutaneous adipose tissue involvement. Morphologically, most of the tumor cells were mixed with small-to medium-size lymphocytes, and some were large cells, mixed cells or small cells. Immunohistochemistry showed that CD3, CD3 ε and TIA-1 were expressed in all cases, but not CD20 and CD8. CD56 and granzyme B were expressed in most of the cases, and CD5 was not expressed. Ki-67 positive index was about 50%-90%. EBV in situ hybridization was positive in all cases. The clonal rearrangement of T cell receptor gene was found in some CD56 negative cases. The 15 patients were followed up for 5-45 months, and one of them was lost to follow-up. Five patients died within 5-13 months after the diagnosis, accounting for 35.7% (5/14) of the 14 patients. The average survival time of the deceased patients was 8.6 months. Conclusions: The incidence rate of pcENKTCL-NT is relatively low, but its biological behavior is aggressive and its prognosis is overall poor. Its skin lesions and histopathological features are relatively diverse. The diagnosis should be determined with using clinical data, histological morphology, immunophenotype and EB virus in situ hybridization. At the same time, attention should be paid to differential diagnosis from other cutaneous lymphoma with cytotoxic phenotype to avoid missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Hibridização In Situ , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(3): 217-221, 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677885

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features and MYD88 L265P mutation status of intravascular large B cell lymphoma (IVLBCL). Methods: Fourteen cases of IVLBCLs were diagnosed from March 2014 to December 2019 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The clinicopathologic features and prognosis were analyzed. Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNAs and MYD88 L265P mutation status were detected using in situ hybridization and Sanger sequencing, respectively. The follow-up data were obtained by telephone interview. Results: There were 6 males and 8 females with a median age of 62 years (range: 48-73 years). The involved anatomic locations were demonstrated by positron emission tomography-computed tomography, including adrenal gland (7/14), bone (6/14), central nerve system (4/14), skin (3/14), female reproductive system (3/14), local lymph nodes (3/14), prostate (2/14), liver and spleen (2/14), sphenoid sinus (1/14), penis (1/14), bladder (1/14), and right lung (1/14). Fever was the most common symptom (7/14), followed by neurologic symptoms and lower abdominal pain (2/14 each). The reminder symptoms included rash with edema, legs weakness and numbness, or postmenopausal bleeding (1/14 each). Eleven cases were at Lugano stage Ⅳ. Four cases were associated with the hemophagocytic syndrome, while 6 cases with bone marrow involved. Microscopically, the tumor cells were generally concentrated within the small-to-medium vascular lumens or sinusoids; they had centroblast-like appearance and showed large round or oval nuclei with slightly irregularities, coarse chromatin and 1-3 distinct nucleoli. One exception was the one case with an embryoid nuclei, reminiscent of anaplastic large cell lymphoma. The mitosis was not uncommon. Extravascular neoplastic cells were seen in two cases. The neutrophils could be appreciable in most of the cases (10/14). Immunophenotyping showed that CD20 and CD79α were diffusely and strongly positive in 14 cases; 12 cases were classified as the non-GCB subtype; 6 out of the 11 cases were double expressor lymphoma; 7 out of the 12 cases were CD5-positive. Twelve cases were EBER negative. The MYD88 L265P mutation was detected in 1 case (1/10). The duration of the follow-up ranged from 0.5 to 24.0 months, and 11 patients survived and 3 died. Conclusions: IVLBCL is rare. The most common type of IVLBCL in China is Asian type with scant tumor cells. Combination of clinical and immunohistochemical features can avoid most, if not all, misdiagnoses and missed diagnoses. Some IVLBCL cases may harbor the MYD88 L265P mutation, but the prevalence of MYD88 L265P mutation in the population still warrants additional studies.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Prognóstico
13.
Poult Sci ; 100(3): 100959, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518314

RESUMO

To elucidate the role of anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) in regulating the development of ovarian follicles in laying hens, the expressions of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR), AMH receptor type 2 (AMHR2), steroidogenic-related genes steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR), cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage (CYP11A1), and 3ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD3B1) genes were measured from different sized follicles and granulosa cells. The results showed that the expressions of FSHR and AMHR2 genes were higher in small follicles and decreased after follicular selection. Oppositely, the expressions of STAR, CYP11A1, and HSD3B1 were significantly increased after follicular selection. It indicated that AMHR2 might mediate AMH suppression in the stimulating effects of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) on steroidogenic-related genes expression. To make sure the effects of AMH in this process, a total of 40 hens were treated (negative control, sham operation, 150 ng AMH/d or 300 ng AMH/d) for 25 d. We analyzed ovarian morphology, progesterone concentration in blood plasma, and the expressions of steroidogenic genes in ovaries and follicles. The AMH300 group had significantly lower weight of ovary and hierarchical follicles. Egg weight and ovary weight in AMH150 group were higher than those of sham operation and AMH300 groups, so did hierarchical follicles weight. The steroidogenic genes expressions showed an increase in ovarian tissue and the largest follicle of AMH150 and AMH300 groups. However, progesterone level in the blood was reduced by AMH injection with different concentrations. To further verify the above results, granulosa cells from 6 to 8 mm follicles were cultured with AMH (0, 5, 10, 20, 40, or 80 ng/mL). The results revealed that excessive AMH (80 ng/mL) exerted an inhibitory effect on progesterone synthesis and the expressions of STAR, CYP11A1, and HSD3B1. However, these genes expressions showed a significant increase in 20 ng/mL AMH-treated group. In summary, AMH inhibited the development of prehierarchical follicles in laying hens. The effects of AMH treatment with different concentrations on follicle development showed the follicle was selected by changing FSH responsiveness of prehierarchical follicles.


Assuntos
Hormônio Antimülleriano , Galinhas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano , Animais , Hormônio Antimülleriano/farmacologia , Proteínas Aviárias/genética , Galinhas/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(20): 10383-10390, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155194

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To reveal the anti-tumor effect of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-127-3p on epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of miR-127-3p in 7 kinds of EOC cell lines and 10 cases of clinical samples of EOC patients was detected via quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). OVCAR-3 and Caov-3 cell lines were transfected with lentiviruses to overexpress endogenous miR-127-3p. Then, the anti-tumor effect of miR-127-3p on EOC cells was explored through the in vitro cell proliferation assay, bufalin sensitivity assay, wound healing assay, and invasion assay. In addition, whether the mitogen-activated protein kinase 4 (MAPK4) gene is a downstream target of miR-127-3p in EOC was verified via Dual-Luciferase reporter assay and qRT-PCR. The involvement of MAPK4 in regulating phenotypes of OVCAR-3 and Caov-3 cells was finally explored. RESULTS: MiR-127-3p was downregulated in both EOC cell lines and EOC tissues (p<0.05). After lentivirus-mediated overexpression of miR-127-3p, in vitro proliferation and invasion of EOC cells were inhibited, and the sensitivity to bufalin was enhanced (p<0.05). MiR-127-3p directly regulated MAPK4 gene in EOC. Moreover, the upregulation of MAPK4 inhibited the anti-tumor effect of miR-127-3p on EOC, manifested as the remarkably enhanced cell proliferation and migration (p<0.05), and the weakened sensitivity to bufalin (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-127-3p exerts an inhibitory effect on EOC cells via regulating MAPK4 level.

15.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(10): 1009-1014, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32992414

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of primary Epstein-Barrvirus (EBV) positive nodal T/NK-cell lymphomas (EBV+nodal TNKL). Methods: The clinicopathological features of 7 cases of EBV+nodal TNKL diagnosed between November 2015 and May 2019 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were analyzed using immunohistochemistry, PCR gene rearrangement and in situ hybridization.Follow-up data were also collected. Results: There were 5 males and 2 females with a median age of 54 years (ranged from 41 to 75 years). All patients presented with multiple lymphadenopathies and common B symptoms (5/7) and at an advanced Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ(6/7). Bone marrow involvementwas detected in 1 patient.Six cases of T-cell origin had monomorphic patterns, and the tumor cells showed CD56 negativity and TCRαß+/TCRγδ- with T-cell clonality. One case of NK-cell origin had polymorphic pattern, and the tumor cells showed CD56 positivity and TCRαß-/TCRγδ-without T-cell clonality. All cases were positive for the cytotoxic markers, but showed various CD4/CD8 expression. All 7 cases were diffusely positive for EBV (>100 cell/high power field). Six of the patients received chemotherapy, and 1 patient declined the treatments. During the follow-up period ranging from 3 to 48 months, 5 of the 7 patients died of the disease. Conclusions: EBV+nodal TNKL is a rare entity and is characterized by cytotoxic molecule expression, T/NK-cell derivation, and a predominance of nodal involvement at an advanced stage. It should be differentiated from other EBV+T/NK cell lymphoproliferative disorders, especially extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Células T Periférico/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Herpesvirus Humano 4/genética , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(7): 609-613, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842453

RESUMO

With the continuous development of cancer treatment, the immune checkpoint inhibitors have been applied to the treatment of a variety of malignant tumors, which improved the patient's survival time and quality of life. However, immune-related adverse reactions occur inevitably. Like chemotherapeutics and targeted drugs, immunosuppressants can also cause cardiovascular events that affect the mortality of cancer patients. With the extension of the survival time of cancer patients, it will increasingly become a key factor which affects the prognoses of these diseases. This review focuses on the cardiotoxic mechanism, clinical manifestation, and future direction of immune checkpoint inhibitors during cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Cardiotoxicidade , Neoplasias , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Cardiotoxicidade/etiologia , Humanos , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida
18.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(8): 646-648, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727198

RESUMO

The Laennec capsule of liver was first discovered and reported by French doctor Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec in 1802.However, it has not received enough attention for more than 200 years since then. In recent years, with the rapid development of liver surgery represented by laparoscopic technology, and the deepening of the theory of precise liver surgery, the fine anatomical structure of liver Laennec capsule has returned to the vision of liver surgeons.Recent studies have demonstrated the presence of Laennec capsule in liver histology, covering the whole liver surface, and lining the surface of liver parenchyma around the Glisson pedicle and the main hepatic vein along the inflow and outflow channels of the liver. Based on the Laennec capsule approach, it is expected to unify the current approach of Glisson pedicle and the approach of hepatic vein, and provide a new theoretical basis for the liver surgery, and guide us in the standardization of liver surgeries.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/normas , Fígado/anatomia & histologia , Membranas/anatomia & histologia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Veias Hepáticas/anatomia & histologia , Veias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/cirurgia , Membranas/cirurgia
19.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(7): 686-692, 2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610379

RESUMO

Objective: To study the clinicopathologic and genetic features of Waldeyer's ring peripheral T-cell lymphoma with follicular helper T cell immunophenotypes (wPTCL-TFH), with comparison to the nodal peripheral T-cell lymphoma with TFH immunophenotypes (nPTCL-TFH) and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), as to know this rare tumor better. Methods: The clinical data, histopathology features, EBV positivity, T cell clonality and IDH2(R172) gene mutation in 8 cases of wPTCL-TFH were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from December 2015 to April 2019, and analyzed by immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, TCR gene rearrangement (BIOMED-2) and Sanger sequencing.Follow-up data were obtained by telephone. Results: There were 6 males and 2 females with a median age of 62.5 years (age ranging from 30 to 75 years). All patients had neither fever nor skin manifestations, but were all found mucosa thickened or mass of waldeyer's ring with multiple lymph nodes enlarged by PET-CT/CT scans. Five of the 7 patients were at advanced stages (Ⅲ/Ⅳ stage). Microscopically, the mucosa was infiltrated diffusely and characteristically by numerous small-medium sized lymphocytes, lacking polymorphous inflammatory background and extra-follicular expansion of follicular dendritic cell networks (FDC networks). The clear T cells presented in 5 cases. Ulcers on mucosal surfaces (6 cases) and local-extensive loss of intramucosal glands (7 cases) were commonly noted. Granulomas composed of epithelioid histiocytes were observed in 2 cases. Immunohistochemically, all the tumor cells expressed CD4 and at least 2 types of follicular helper of T cell (TFH) markers: PD-1 (8/8), bcl-6 (8/8), CXCL13 (7/8) and CD10 (1/8). Most of the cases (6 cases) expressed CD30. EBV positive appeared in 4 cases. All 8 cases were T cell monoclonal. IDH2(R172) were wild-type in 6 cases. One patient died at the follow-up time on 18 months; the other 7 survived (the follow-up time varied from 3 to 10 months). Conclusions: wPTCL-TFH is rare, and its clinicopathological features are similar to nPTCL-TFH which may be the manifestation of the same disease at different stage, and partly overlapped with AITL. The differential diagnosis from PTCL-NOS is necessary and comprehensive analyses of clinical, morphological, immunohistochemical and genetic features can help make a correct diagnosis.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Linfadenopatia Imunoblástica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores
20.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(6): 544-549, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486530

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of pulmonary enteric adenocarcinoma (PEAC). Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 19 cases of PEAC in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively collected from 2015 to 2019. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the relevant immunophenotypes, amplification refractory mutation system (ARMS) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were used to detect the expression of EGFR, KRAS and ALK genes. The patients were followed up, and the relevant literature was reviewed and analyzed. Results: There were 19 cases, including 10 males and 9 females, with a mean age of 58 years (range 33-71 years). Microscopically, the tumors showed moderately to highly differentiated adenoid and/or papillary growth patterns. The tumor cells were highly columnar and sometimes showed pseudostratification. Inflammatory necrosis and scattered nuclear fragmentation were seen in some glandular lumens. IHC showed variable expression of CK7 (19/19), TTF1 (8/19), Napsin A (6/19), villin (17/19), CK20 (16/19) and CDX2 (10/19). Molecular testing showed KRAS mutation in nine cases (9/19), EGFR mutation in one case (1/19), and positive ALK split signal in one case (1/19). In the literature, the reported mutation rate of KRAS in PEAC was much higher than that of EGFR and ALK. All 19 cases underwent surgical resection and 11 cases were subjected to chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Conclusions: PEAC is a rare variant of invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma, and has similar histological and cytological features to that of colorectal adenocarcinoma. However, detailed medical history, histologic heterogeneity, an IHC combination of CK7(+)/villin(+) and high KRAS mutation rate are the key points of diagnosis. The prognosis needs long-term follow-up and big data statistics.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Estudos Retrospectivos
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