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1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(10): 1757-1762, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814608

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of close contacts of COVID-19 cases and infection-related risk factors in Beijing and provide evidences for COVID-19 prevention and control. Methods: A total of 20 681 close contacts of COVID-19 cases, who had exposures during January 6, 2020 to February 15, 2021, were traced in Beijing. The information about their demographic characteristics, exposure history, and quarantine outcomes were collected and analyzed with descriptive statistics. The logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for COVID-19. Results: The infection rate SARS-CoV-2 in close contacts was 2.16% (447/20 681). The age M(P25, P75) was 35 (27, 49) years. The majority of the close contacts were aged 20-59 years, accounting for 81.77% (16 912/20 681). Centralized isolation was the major type of medical observation, accounting for 82.15% (16 989/20 681). Among the exposure types, working and studying in the same room (16.06%, 3 322/20 681), sharing same transport vehicle (12.88%, 2 664/20 681), performing diagnosis and treatment nursing (7.80%,1 612/20 681), and living together (7.23%,1 495/20 681), accounting for 43.96% (9 093/20 681). The index cases included staff (19.34%, 3 999/20 681), the unemployed (17.34%, 3 586/20 681), people engaged in business service (13.85%, 2 864/20 681), people engaged in food service (10.77%, 2 228/20 681), their close contacts accounted for 61.30% (12 677/20 681). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with other types of exposure, the risk factors for infection were having meal together (OR=3.96, 95%CI: 2.30-6.83) and living together (OR=6.41, 95%CI:4.48-9.17); Compared with the other occupations, the index case being engaged in food service (OR=3.06, 95%CI:1.29-7.25) and teacher (OR=4.94, 95%CI:1.43-17.08) were risk factors for the infection. Conclusions: The main environmental exposure types of SARS-CoV-2 infection in close contacts were having meal together and living together. Contact with the index case being engaged in food service and teacher increased the risk for COVID-19. Comprehensive prevention and control measures such as centralized isolation and vaccination should be continued.

2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(43): 3542-3548, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808745

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy, efficacy and safety of 3D-printed personalized navigation template in the treatment of thoracic postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) with dorsal root ganglion pulsed radiofrequency (DRG-PRF). Methods: A total of 63 patients with thoracic PHN from March 2019 to December 2020 in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School were enrolled and randomly divided into study group (n=31) and control group (n=32) by random number table method. The study group received DRG-PRF treatment assisted by 3D-printed navigation template, while the control group received DRG-PRF treatment guided by conventional CT. The one-time success rate of puncture, the incidence of puncture times ≥3, the number of punctures, puncture time, visual analogue scale (VAS) score and surgical complications between the two groups were compared. Results: The one-time success rate of puncture in study group was 84.9% (79/93), which was higher than that of control group [30.2% (29/96)] (P<0.001). The incidence of puncture times ≥3, the number of punctures, puncture time in study group were 4.3% (4/93), 1 (1, 1) and 2.9 (2.8, 3.0) min, respectively, which were lower than that of the control group [21.9% (21/96), 2(1, 3), 9.0 (4.5, 12.9) min, respectively] (all P<0.01). No difference was found in VAS score at each time point before and after surgery between the two groups (all P>0.05). There was one case of pleura puncture in the control group, but no other complications such as straying into vertebral canal, hematoma, spinal cord injury, limb movement disorder, infection were found in the two groups. Conclusions: 3D-printed personalized navigation template is an effective method to guide DRG-PRF for the treatment of thoracic postherpetic neuralgia. It can significantly improve the surgical efficiency of DRG-PRF, but has no significant effect on the surgical efficacy.

3.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(9): 739-746, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753228

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the incidence, clinical and microbiological characteristics and risk factors of infection in patients with acute lymphoblastic (ALL) , non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) , and multiple myeloma (MM) within 28 days after CAR-T cell infusion. It provides data support for early identification of infection and the rational use of antibacterial drugs in these patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the baseline data of 170 patients with ALL, NHL and MM who received chimeric antigen receptor-modified T (CAR-T) -cell treatment in the Department of Hematology of Wuhan Union Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020, and the clinical characteristics of infection within 28 days after infusion, including 72 patients with ALL, 56 patients with NHL, and 42 patients with MM; we used Poisson regression and Cox proportional hazard regression models to assess high-risk factors for infection before and after infusion, respectively. Results: Among 170 patients, 119 infections occurred in 99 patients within 28 days, with a cumulative infection rate of 58.2%. Seventy-eight patients had 98 bacterial infections and the cumulative incidence of bacterial infection was 45.9%. The infection density was 2.01, and the median time for the first infection was about 12 days after infusion. The adjusted baseline characteristic model showed that ALL patients, previous 30 days of infection history, refractory disease, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) <0.5×10(9)/L before infusion and ≥4 prior antitumor treatment regimens had a higher infection density within 28 days; grade 3 or 4 CRS was the only high-risk factor related to infection after infusion in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Infection is a common complication of CAR-T cell therapy in patients with hematologic malignancy. Bacterial infections occur in most patients regardless of the type of disease. ALL patients, previous 30 days of infection history, refractory disease, ANC<0.5×10(9)/L before infusion and grade 3 or 4 CRS are risk factors for infection. Chinese Clinical Trial Register:: ChiCTR-OIC-17011180, ChiCTR1800018143.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Infecções/etiologia , Antígenos CD19 , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 743-751, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645214

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the influential factors of stunting among children under 7 years of age in nine cities of China in order to provide empirical data for early prevention and intervention for stunting. Methods: The survey was carried out with 1∶1 case-control study design in the communities and kindergartens of nine cities (Beijing, Harbin, Xi'an, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Fuzhou, and Kunming) from June to November in 2016. Children of heights lower than the 3rd percentile according to the 2009 children's height standard in China were included as the stunting case group (n=1 281), and those with normal height matched for geolocation, gender, and age were recruited as the control group (n=1 281). The height and weight were measured on site, and the information related to family, perinatal status, diet and feeding, lifestyle, and medical history was collected by questionnaire. Continuous variables were compared by paired samples t test and Wilcoxon matched-pair signed ranks test, and proportions were compared by paired Chi square test. Multivariate analysis were carried out using conditional Logistic regression model. Results: Among 1 281 pairs of stunting and control group, there were 677 pairs of boys and 604 pairs of girls, with 238 pairs of children under age 3 years and 1 043 pairs of children aged 3 to 7 years. The Z scores for height and weight of stunting group were lower than that of control group (-2.27 (-2.54, -2.08) vs. -0.59 (-1.04, -0.10), -1.85 (-2.35, -1.38) vs. -0.69 (-1.20, -0.21), Z=30.982, 25.580, both P<0.01). Among family related factors, parental education level, height, weight, and height of grandparents in stunting children were all lower than those in control group (all P<0.05). Among individual related factors, proportion of preterm birth, low birth weight, shorter birth length, mother's pregnancy complications, difficulties adding milk or complementary feeding, poor appetite, slow eating, picky and partial eating, passive eating, more snack intake, shorter sleep duration, difficulty falling asleep, disturbed sleep, and recurrent infectious diseases in infant in stunting children were all higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis results illustrate that the lower the parental education level and the parental height, the higher the risk of stunting. For example, the risk of stunting in children whose fathers had short stature was 6.46 times (95%CI: 2.73-15.30) of those children whose fathers' height were medium and the risk of stunting in children whose mothers were short stature was 10.56 times (95%CI: 4.92-22.69) of those children whose mothers' height were medium. The risks of stunting increase significantly among preterm children or those with low birth weight (OR=2.27, 95%CI: 1.33-3.88), birth length<45 cm (OR=3.56, 95%CI: 1.41-8.98), difficulties adding milk or complementary feeding (OR=2.04, 95%CI: 1.32-3.15), poor appetite (OR=3.20, 95%CI: 1.74-5.89), slow eating (OR=1.85, 95%CI: 1.31-2.63), and food allergy (OR=1.80, 95%CI: 1.02-3.16). Conclusion: Parental short stature, preterm birth or low birth weight, shorter birth length, feeding difficulty in infant, poor appetite, slow eating, and food allergy are the main risk factors for stunting in infants and children.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Crescimento/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(3): 274-280, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286529

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the density, populations and habitats of malaria vector Anopheles in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, so as to provide the evidence for formulating the countermeasures to tackle the risk of local transmission of imported malaria in the province. METHODS: The malaria vector Anopheles density and populations were monitored using human bait trapping and light trapping techniques in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, and all captured Anopheles was morphologically identified and counted. In addition, the distribution of Anopheles habitats was investigated. RESULTS: During the period from 2005 through 2019, the malaria vector Anopheles density increased from early June in Guizhou Province, peaked on early July and then declined, which appeared a single peak. The greatest Anopheles density was seen on early August, 2018 [57.34 mosquitoes/(person-night)], and the lowest density was found on late October, 2009 [1.29 mosquitoes/(person-night)]. The annual mean Anopheles density slowly reduced from 17.91 mosquitoes/(person-night) in 2005 to 12.34 mosquitoes/(person-night) in 2012, with a 38.02% reduction (χ2trend = 115.04, P < 0.01), while the annual mean Anopheles density showed a tendency towards a rise from 2017 to 2019 (χ2trend = 420.00, P < 0.01). The malaria vector Anopheles was captured during the period between 19 : 00 and 7 : 00 of the next day in Guizhou Province from 2017 to 2019, with the overall density appearing a tendency towards a rise followed by a decline, and the Anopheles activity was highly frequent during the period between 19 : 00 and 21 : 00. The malaria vector Anopheles was monitored for 938 times using the light trapping method in Guizhou Province from 2005 to 2019, and a total of 52 781 Anopheles mosquitoes were captured, including 49 705 An. sinensis, 804 An. minimus, 238 An. anthropophagus, and 2 034 other Anopheles mosquitoes, with a significant difference seen in the Anopheles composition (χ2 = 165.68, P < 0.01). From 2017 to 2019, a total of 24 557 Anopheles mosquitoes were captured in human housings, outdoors and livestock housings in Guizhou Province, with 67.65% captured in livestock housings and 12.01% in human housings, and there was a significant difference in the number of Anopheles mosquitoes captured from the three types of habitats (χ2 = 55.04, P < 0.01). An. sinensis, An. minimus and An. anthropophagus were captured form all three types of habitats, in which 98.07% was An. sinensis, and 0.09% was An. anthropophagus. CONCLUSIONS: The population structure of malaria vector Anopheles has changed in historically malaria-endemic areas of Guizhou Province, and An. sinensis has replaced An. minimus and An. anthropophagus to become the predominant malaria vector. The malaria vector Anopheles density has shown a tendency towards a rise in Guizhou Province during the recent years, and there have been a rise in the type and number of Anopheles mosquitoes, leading to a potential risk of local transmission of imported malaria. Long-term, persistent and extensive surveillance of malaria vectors is recommended in Guizhou Province.


Assuntos
Anopheles , Malária , Animais , Humanos , Malária/epidemiologia , Mosquitos Vetores
6.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 171(3): 352-356, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297293

RESUMO

To better explore the pathophysiology of FA and its therapy, we aimed to establish a simple and practicable FA model with Freund's adjuvant and introduce an easy and reliable laboratory evaluation method for assessment of inflammation in intestinal segments at different anatomical locations. BALB/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin combined with Freund's adjuvant. Complete Freund's adjuvant was chosen for the first sensitization and two weeks later incomplete Freund's adjuvant was used for a second sensitization. Two weeks later, the sensitized mice were challenged with 50 mg ovalbumin every other day. After the 6 challenge, all mice were assessed for systemic anaphylaxis, and then sacrificed for sample collection. All sensitized mice showed anaphylactic symptoms and markedly increased levels of serum ovalbumin-specific IgE and IgG1. The activity of mast cell protease-1 (mMCPT-1) was significantly increased in the serum and interstitial fluid of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon. A successful FA model was established, of which inflammation occurred in the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon. This model provides a reliable and simple tool for analysis of the mechanism of FA and methods of immunotherapy. Moreover, combined detection of ovalbumin-specific antibody and local mMCPT-1 levels could potentially be used as the major indicator for assessment of food allergy.

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(11): 3997-4004, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156677

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) is expressed on tumor cells and macrophages. The detection of PD-L1 expression in cancer and the treatment by targeting the PD-L1/programmed death-1 (PD-1) are of great clinical significance. This work aims to screen the aptamers with high affinity and specificity for recombinant human PD-1 (rhPD-1)/recombinant human PD-L1 extracellular domain (rhPD-L1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we have expressed, purified, prepared, and identified rhPD-1 and rhPD-L1. The rhPD-L1/rhPD-1 aptamers with high affinity and specificity were obtained by systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment technique. Ten aptamers sequences to rhPD-L1 and 10 aptamers sequences to rhPD-1 were obtained by cloning and sequencing. The affinity and specificity of candidate aptamers were analyzed by gold nanoparticles-based colorimetric assay, dot blot assay, and electrophoretic mobility shift assay. RESULTS: The aptamers named A6 were picked out as the optimal aptamers that recognize PD-1, specifically with the Kd value of 47.84 ± 24.78 nM. The aptamers named B10 were picked out as the optimal aptamers that recognize PD-L1, specifically with the Kd value of 59.72 ± 15.87 nM. CONCLUSIONS: The study lays a foundation for the development of detection methods and therapeutic drugs targeting PD-L1/PD-1.

8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(5): 667-671, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034409

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the relationship between parental education level and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in children. Methods: The data comes from the baseline survey of the Huantai Childhood Cardiovascular Health Cohort Study (HCCH) conducted in Huantai County, Zibo City, Shandong Province. A convenient cluster sampling method was used to select a primary school in Huantai County, Zibo City, Shandong Province as a survey point. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from November 2017 to January 2018. A total of 1 316 children aged 6-11 years with complete data were included. LVH was defined as left ventricular mass index ≥ sex-and age-specific 90th percentile values of this population. Education levels of both parents were divided into junior high school or lower, high school, university or higher, respectively. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the association between parental education level and LVH in children. Results: The age of 1 316 participants was (8.9±1.5) years old. Among them, there were 703 boys (53.4%).After adjusting for gender, age, intake of vegetables and fruits, intake of carbonated drinks, physical activity, sleep time, screen time, overweight or obesity, and occasional hypertension, the logistic regression model results show that compared with those children whose parents' education level is junior high school or below, paternal or maternal education level of college or higher was associated with odds of LVH (father: OR=0.53, 95%CI: 0.33-0.87; mother: OR=0.52, 95%CI: 0.32-0.87; father/mother: OR=0.54,95%CI: 0.32-0.91). Conclusion: Parental education level is inversely associated with LVH in childhood. The probability of LVH in childhood decreases with the increase of parental education levels.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
9.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(5): 358-363, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034423

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the quality of the current foreign clinical practice guidelines (CPG) on obstetric venous thromboembolism (VTE), providing reference for standardizing the prevention and treatment of domestic VTE clinical practice. Methods: The GPGs for the management of obstetric VTE published abroad from inception to July 2020 were electronically searched. Two researchers independently evaluated the quality of the included guidelines in accordance with the internationally recognized guideline evaluation tool, AGREE Ⅱ. Results: A total of 12 guidelines, 2 recommendations and 1 consensus for obstetric VTE were included, covering 3 continents and 9 countries, and the published time span was 2009-2020. The standardized scores of the six domain (scope & purpose, stakeholder involvement, rigor of development, clarity of presentation, applicability and editorial independence) included in the guidelines were: 99.44%, 62.78%, 70.35%, 95.74%, 68.80% and 76.94% respectively, and the scores in each domain were ≥ 50.00%, indicating that the included CPGs were of good quality. Except for the domain scope & purpose, the ranges of the other five domains were ≥ 50.00%, suggesting that the quality of the CPGs differed significantly. Among the 15 included CPGs, 4 CPGs were level A (recommended), 11 CPGs were level B (recommended after being revised), and there was no CPG in level C (not recommended). The difference in the recommended content of obstetric VTE management mainly focused on the risk assessment, drug type, dosage and period. Conclusions: The overall quality of the CPGs for obstetric VTE management is high, while the quality of the CPGs varies greatly. In addition, there are differences in the recommended content of obstetric VTE management. More high-quality researches are required to provide evidence-based support for the improvement of the CPGs.


Assuntos
Tromboembolia Venosa , Consenso , Humanos , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(4): 1763, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33660826

RESUMO

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Long non-coding RNA LINP1 induces tumorigenesis of Wilms' tumor by affecting Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, by K.-R. Zhu, Q.-F. Sun, Y.-Q. Zhang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (13): 5691-5698-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201907_18306-PMID: 31298321" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/18306.

11.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(3): 181-188, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657691

RESUMO

Objective: To establish the reference values and growth curves of weight/length, body mass index, and ponderal index for Chinese newborns with gestational ages of 24 to 42 weeks, in order to provide a reference for the assessment of body proportionality and nutritional status at birth. Methods: Cross-sectional study design was applied. From June 2015 to November 2018, a total of 24 375 singleton live birth newborns with gestational ages of 24 to 42 weeks from 13 cities including Beijing, Harbin, Xi'an, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Fuzhou, Kunming, Tianjin, Shenyang, Changsha, and Shenzhen were selected, excluding those impacting the establishment of the reference values. The generalized additive model for location, scale, and shape (GAMLSS) was employed to establish percentile (P3, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, P97) reference values and growth curves of weight/length, body mass index, and ponderal index for male and female newborns with gestational ages of 24 to 42 weeks. The established growth standards in this study were compared with the standards from the 1988 Chinese data, the INTERGROWTH project, and the USA reference values. Results: A total of 24 375 newborns with 12 264 preterm newborns (7 042 males and 5 222 females) and 12 111 full-term newborns (6 155 males and 5 956 females) were included in this study. The percentile reference values and growth curves of weight/length, body mass index, and ponderal index were obtained for male and female newborns with gestational ages of 24 to 42 weeks. Weight/length of males in all gestational ages at P10, P50 and P90 was 0 to 0.2 kg/m higher than that of females, and body mass index of males in all gestational ages at the P10, P50 and P90 was 0.1 to 0.3 kg/m2 higher than that of females. The established growth curves of weight/length and body mass index at the upper percentile and ponderal index at both upper and lower percentiles were greatly different from those of the 1988 Chinese data, which, for example, reported the difference ranges at P90 as -1.09 to 0.40 kg/m for weight/length, -1.19 to 0.92 kg/m2 for body mass index, and -0.64 to 0.81 kg/m3 for ponderal index. The established weight/length curves were generally consistent with the reference values from the INTERGROWTH project with a difference of -0.17 to 0.20 kg/m at P50, while being 0.02 to 0.40 kg/m lower at P90 and 0.13 to 0.41 kg/m higher at P10 than that of the INTERGROWTH reference values at gestational ages of ≤32 weeks. The established body mass index curves differed from that of the USA reference values with a difference of -0.47 to 0.17 kg/m2 at P50, while being 0.53 to 1.10 kg/m2 lower at gestational ages of ≥37 weeks but 0.17 to 0.45 kg/m2 higher at gestational ages of ≤28 weeks than that of the USA reference values at P90. Conclusion: The establishment of the new standardized growth reference values of weight/length, body mass index, and ponderal index for Chinese newborns by different gestational ages are useful for clinical practice and scientific research.


Assuntos
Estatura , Pequim , Peso ao Nascer , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Valores de Referência
12.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 54(3): e10010, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33470386

RESUMO

We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with post-stroke depression (PSD). Six relevant electronic databases (PubMed, CENTRAL, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared rTMS with control condition for PSD were included. The mean change in depression symptom scores was defined as the primary efficacy outcome. Secondary outcomes included the remission rate of depression, stroke recovery, and cognitive function recovery. In total, 7 RCTs with 351 participants were included. At post-treatment, rTMS was significantly more effective than the control condition, with a standardized mean difference (SMD) of -1.15 (95%CI: -1.62 to -0.69; P<0.001, I2=71%) and remission with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.46 (95%CI: 1.68 to 7.12; P<0.001; I2=11%). As for stroke recovery, rTMS was also better than the control condition (SMD=-0.67, 95%CI: -1.02 to -0.32; P<0.001). However, no significant difference was found for cognitive function recovery between the two groups (SMD=4.07, 95%CI: -1.41 to 9.55; P=0.15). To explore the potential moderators for the primary outcome, a series of subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed. The results implied that rTMS may be more effective in Asian samples than in North American samples (P=0.03). In conclusion, from the current evidence in this study, rTMS could be an effective treatment for patients with PSD. Further clinical studies with larger sample sizes and clearer subgroup definitions are needed to confirm these outcomes.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Future Oncol ; 17(3): 301-313, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996773

RESUMO

Screening and therapeutic programs for colorectal cancer (CRC) are invasive or not effective and unable to meet patient needs. Major advances in immunogenomics may change this status but need more exploration. Differentially expressed genes and immune-related genes (IRGs) were identified by computational methods. A prognostic model was established and validated based on survival-related IRGs via stepwise multivariate Cox regression analysis. Nine IRGs were selected and identified as survival-related genes. A 7-gene prognostic model could offer a preliminary and valid determination of risk in CRC patients. The area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristic was 0.672. The 7-gene prognostic model might be used as a novel prognostic tool in CRC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Humanos , Imunidade/genética , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e10010, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153525

RESUMO

We aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in patients with post-stroke depression (PSD). Six relevant electronic databases (PubMed, CENTRAL, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) were searched. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared rTMS with control condition for PSD were included. The mean change in depression symptom scores was defined as the primary efficacy outcome. Secondary outcomes included the remission rate of depression, stroke recovery, and cognitive function recovery. In total, 7 RCTs with 351 participants were included. At post-treatment, rTMS was significantly more effective than the control condition, with a standardized mean difference (SMD) of -1.15 (95%CI: -1.62 to -0.69; P<0.001, I2=71%) and remission with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.46 (95%CI: 1.68 to 7.12; P<0.001; I2=11%). As for stroke recovery, rTMS was also better than the control condition (SMD=-0.67, 95%CI: -1.02 to -0.32; P<0.001). However, no significant difference was found for cognitive function recovery between the two groups (SMD=4.07, 95%CI: -1.41 to 9.55; P=0.15). To explore the potential moderators for the primary outcome, a series of subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed. The results implied that rTMS may be more effective in Asian samples than in North American samples (P=0.03). In conclusion, from the current evidence in this study, rTMS could be an effective treatment for patients with PSD. Further clinical studies with larger sample sizes and clearer subgroup definitions are needed to confirm these outcomes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/terapia
16.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(12): 1389-1395, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333656

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the association between dairy intake frequency and left ventricular hypertrophy(LVH) in childhood. Methods: Data were obtained from Huantai Childhood Cardiovascular Health Cohort study in Huantai County, Zibo City, Shandong Province. A convenient cluster sampling method was used to conduct a baseline survey on 1 515 children aged 6-11 years old in a primary school from November 2017 to January 2018. A total of 1 237 children who had complete data on questionnaire, physical, ultrasound and laboratory examinations were included for analysis. The frequency of dairy intake was divided into five groups (never,≤3 times/month, 1-2 times/week, 3-5 times/week and nearly every day). Multivariate linear regression models and chi-square trend test were used to examine the trend in level of LVMI and prevalence of LVH, respectively. With the increase of dairy intake frequency, and multivariate logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between dairy intake frequencies and LVH in childhood. Results: The age of children was (8.4±1.6) years, and the number of boys was 655 (53.0%). There was no significant difference in LVMI levels among different frequencies of dairy intake (P>0.05). With the increase of dairy intake frequencies, the level of LVMI and the prevalence of LVH decreased significantly (P for trend<0.05). After the adjustment of potential covariates, compared with no dairy intake group, children who consumed dairy products 1-2 times/week (OR=0.27, 95%CI:0.09-0.82), 3-5 times/week (OR=0.33, 95%CI:0.12-0.91) and almost every day (OR=0.22, 95%CI:0.09-0.54) had a lower risk of LVH. Conclusion: Dairy intake frequency is associated with LVH in childhood, and children who consume dairy products frequently (more than once a week) are less likely to have LVH.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Laticínios , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
17.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(12): 1396-1401, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333657

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the association between elevated blood pressure (BP) and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in children according to four BP references. Methods: Study population came from"Huantai Childhood Cardiovascular Health Cohort Study"in Huantai County, Zibo City, Shandong Province. A convenient cluster sampling method was used to conduct a cross-sectional survey on 1 515 children from November 2017 to January 2018 in a primary school. A total of 1 431 children aged 6-11 years old with complete data were included in this study. Data on demographic characteristics, BP and cIMT were collected through questionnaire survey, physical examination and ultrasound examination. High cIMT was defined as the level of cIMT ≥ age-and sex-specific 90th percentile of this study population. Based on the Chinese Guideline reference, the Health Industry reference, the International reference and the U.S. reference, all participants were divided into three subgroups: the normal BP, high normal BP and, elevated BP. The multivariate logistic regression models were used to examine the association between BP status and high cIMT in children. Results: The age of children was (8.9±1.5) years, and boys accounted for 53.4% (n=682). The multivariate logistic regression models showed that after adjusting for relevant confounding factors, the risk of high cIMT in elevated BP group was increased compared with the normal BP group according to the four references (all P values<0.05) Conclusion: Elevated BP according to the four BP references is associated with high cIMT in children.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Pressão Sanguínea , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(12): 1402-1407, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333658

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the association of abdominal obesity assessed by waist circumference (WC) with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in children. Methods: The study participants were from the "Huantai Childhood Cardiovascular Health Cohort Study" conducted in Huantai County, Zibo City, Shandong Province. A convenient cluster sampling method was used to select a primary school in Huantai County to conduct the baseline survey from November 2017 to January 2018. A total of 1 515 children aged 6-11 years old were included. The first follow-up survey was conducted from November to December 2019, and a total of 981 children aged 8-13 years old were finally included after exclusion of those with high cIMT at baseline. Questionnaire survey, physical examination and ultrasonic examination were used to collect general demographic characteristics, WC and cIMT information. According to the status of WC at baseline, the participants were divided into normal WC group and abdominal obesity group. Covariance analysis was used to compare the cIMT levels of children between normal WC group and abdominal obesity group. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between baseline abdominal obesity and high cIMT during the follow-up. Results: The age of 981 children was (8.5±1.5) years at the baseline. The follow-up age was (10.5±1.5) years, and 520 boys accounted for 53.0%. The cIMT of children in the abdominal obesity group was 0.54 mm, which was higher than that in the normal WC group (0.51 mm) (P<0.001). Similarly, the prevalence of high cIMT in children with abdominal obesity (23.9%) was higher than that of normal WC group (3.9%) (P<0.001). After adjusting for potential covariates at the baseline and during the follow-up period, compared with the normal WC group, abdominal obesity was significantly associated with high cIMT (OR=5.78, 95%CI:3.43-9.74). Conclusion: The abdominal obesity in children could increase the risk of high cIMT.


Assuntos
Obesidade Abdominal , Obesidade Pediátrica , Adolescente , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(12): 1453-1456, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333666

RESUMO

From November to December 2019, a cross-sectional study including 1 243 children aged 8~13 years was conducted in one primary school in Huantai County, and 1 238 children with complete data were finally included. A total of 1 238, 146, and 83 children were included in the first, second and third visit of the follow-up, respectively. With the follow-up visits increasing, the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) levels of the 83 children who were followed up across all three different visits decreased significantly across three different visits (both Pfor trend<0.05). The prevalence of elevated blood pressure across the three visits was 11.8%, 6.8% and 4.0% (Pfor trend<0.001); the prevalence of elevated SBP was 11.4%, 6.5%, and 4.0% (Pfor trend<0.001); the prevalence of elevated DBP was 1.1%, 1.0%, and 0.4%, respectively (Pfor trend>0.05).


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Adolescente , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Prevalência
20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(12): 1461-1464, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33333668

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has been an important public health issue in China. Recently, the prevalence of obesity, elevated blood pressure, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and unhealthy lifestyles was high in Chinese children and adolescents, which might increase the risk of short-term target organ damage and adult CVD. Therefore, we selected one primary school in Huantai County, Zibo City between November 2017 and January 2018 to establish the Huantai Childhood Cardiovascular Health Cohort Study. The aim of this project was to investigate the effects of childhood exposures on short-term target organ damage and adult CVD, and to provide evidence to curb the epidemic of CVD in China from the source. A total of 1 515 children aged 6-11 years old were included at the baseline. In this paper, we will introduce the overall design of the survey, including participants, methods, quality control, basic characteristics of the participants, study limitations, and future directions, which might provide some useful implications for similar researches in the future.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , Adolescente , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
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