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1.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(1): 333-344, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957847

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory disease. LncRNA NEAT1 has been reported to be up-regulated in sepsis patients. Nevertheless, the modulatory network of NEAT1 in sepsis remains to be revealed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The abundance of long noncoding RNA nuclear enriched abundant transcript 1 (lncRNA NEAT1), miR-370-3p, and thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) were determined by quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) in sepsis patients and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to examine the concentration of cytokines in RAW 264.7 cells. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry assay, and Western blot assay were conducted to detect the proliferation and apoptosis of RAW 264.7 cells. Dual-Luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, and RNA-pull down assay were conducted to confirm the combination between miR-370-3p and NEAT1 or TSP-1 in RAW 264.7 cells. RESULTS: The enrichment of NEAT1 was enhanced in sepsis patients and LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. NEAT1 contributed to LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis of RAW 264.7 cells. MiR-370-3p bound to NEAT1, and it was negatively regulated by NEAT1 in RAW 264.7 cells. LPS promoted the inflammation and apoptosis while restrained the proliferation of RAW 264.7 cells via NEAT1/miR-370-3p axis. TSP-1 was a target of miR-370-3p in RAW 264.7 cells, and miR-370-3p suppressed the inflammation and apoptosis while it facilitated the proliferation of LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells via TSP-1. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA NEAT1 promoted the inflammation and apoptosis while restrained the proliferation of LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells through the miR-370-3p/TSP-1 axis.

2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(1): 396-408, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the development of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In this study, we aimed to investigate the roles and underlying mechanisms of five prime to Xist (FTX) in myocardial I/R injury using cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was utilized to determine the expression of FTX, microRNA-410-3p (miR-410-3p) and fragile X mental retardation 1 (Fmr1) mRNA. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry analysis were employed to evaluate cell proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. Western blot assay was conducted to examine the protein levels of apoptosis-associated factors and Fmr1. Specific kits were used to detect the levels of oxidative stress-associated factors. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to verify the association between miR-410-3p and FTX or Fmr1. RESULTS: FTX was reduced in myocardial I/R injury patients' serum and H/R-stimulated H9c2 cells. FTX overexpression relieved cell damage caused by H/R treatment through inducing cell proliferation and repressing cell apoptosis and oxidative stress in H9c2 cells. FTX was a sponge for miR-410-3p and the impact of FTX overexpression on H/R-induced cell injury was abolished by miR-410-3p elevation in H9c2 cells. Fmr1 was identified as a target of miR-410-3p and Fmr1 knockdown reversed the effect on H/R-induced cell damage mediated by miR-410-3p inhibition in H9c2 cells. Moreover, FTX positively regulated Fmr1 expression through sponging miR-410-3p in H9c2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: FTX regulated H/R-induced cardiomyocyte damage by upregulating Fmr1 via sponging miR-410-3p.

3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 47-53, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914569

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy and relevant factors of cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of demographic characteristics and cancer prevention consciousness focusing on nine common risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, fiber food, food in hot temperature or pickled food, chewing betel nut, helicobacter pylori, moldy food, hepatitis B infection, estrogen, and exercise. The logistic regression model was adopted to identify the influencing factors. Results: The overall health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness was 77.4% (24 980 participants), with 77.4% (12 018 participants), 79.9% (6 406 participants), 77.2% (1 766 participants) and 74.5% (4 709 participants) in each group (P<0.001). The correct response rates for nine risk factors ranged from 55.2% to 93.0%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with community residents, people with primary school level education or below, and the number of people living together in the family <3, the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, cancer patients, those with junior high school level educationor above and the number of people living in the family ≥3 had better health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Compared with females, 39 years old and below, government-affiliated institutions or civil servants, from the eastern region, males, older than 40 years, company or enterprise employees, and from the middle or western region had worse health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents should be improved. The cancer screening intervention, gender, age, education, occupation, the number of people co-living in the family, and residential region were associated with the health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
4.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 54-61, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914570

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early detection among urban residents and identify the influencing factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. Self-designed questionnaires were used to collect population, socioeconomic indicators, self-cancer risk assessment, regular participation in physical examination and other information. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the factors of people who had not regularly participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years. Results: The self-assessment results of 32 357 residents showed that there were 27.54% (8 882) of total study population with self-reported cancer risk, 45.48% (14 671) without cancer risk and 26.98% (8 704) with unclear judgement on their own cancer risk. Among population with cancer risk, 79.84% (7 091) considered physical examination accounted. In the past five years, there were 21 105 (65.43%) residents participated in regular physical examination and 11 148 (34.56%) participated in non-scheduled one, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with unmarried and western region residents, divorced, middle and eastern region residents had a stronger consciousness to participate in the regular physical examination (P<0.05). Compare with residents with annual household income less than 20 000 CNY in 2014, cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, and self-assessment with cancer risk, residents with annual household income between 20 000 CNY and 59 000 CNY in 2014, occupational population, community residents, cancer patients, self-reported cancer-free risk, and self-assessment with unclear judgement of cancer risk were less likely to participate in the regular physical examination (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a acceptable consciousness of the cancer early detection. The marital status, annual household income, population group and self-assessment of cancer risk were related to the consciousness of the cancer early detection of people who had not participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 62-68, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914571

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis among urban residents and identify the related factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The general demographic characteristics, the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis (whether people would have a willingness or encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the abnormal results once which were detected from the physical examination) and other information were collected by using the self-designed questionnaire. The non-conditional logistic regression model was used to identify the relateol factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Results: As for residents with abnormal result from the physical examination, 89.29% (28 802) of residents would choose to seek medical treatment for further diagnosis. If their relatives/friends had abnormal results from the physical examination, 89.55% (28 886) of residents would encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the diagnosis in time. The non-conditional logistic regression model analysis showed that compared with the public institution staff/civil servants, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, the western region and the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, the company staff, annual household income about 40 000 CNY and more, and the residents from the middle and eastern region had a stronger consciousness to seek further diagnosis; while the unemployed residents and community residents were less likely to seek further diagnosis (P<0.05). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a good consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Occupation, annual household income, residential region and population group were related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 69-75, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914572

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and its demographic and socioeconomic factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The questionnaire collected personal information, the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors. The Chi square test was used to compare the difference between the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors among the four groups. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment. Results: With the assumption of being diagnosed as precancer or cancer, 89.97% of community residents, 91.84% of cancer risk assessment/screening population, 93.00% of cancer patients and 91.52% of occupational population would accept active treatments (P<0.001). If the immediate family members were diagnosed as precancer or cancer, people who would encourage their family members to receive early treatment in the four groups accounted for 91.96%, 91.94%, 92.44% and 91.55%, respectively (P<0.001). The company employees, annual household income with 40 000 yuan and more and other three groups had a relatively better consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Male, widowed, unemployed and from the central and western regions had a relatively worse consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion: Residents in urban China participants had a good consciousness of the cancer early treatment. The marital status, occupation, annual household income and residential regions were major factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 76-83, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914573

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment among urban residents of China, and explore the related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The health literacy of the cancer prevention, early discovery, early diagnosis, early treatment and the demands of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was analyzed. The level of health literacy among different groups were calculated and compared. The binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Results: The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment was 56.97% among all study population; in each group it was 55.01% for community residents, 59.08% for cancer risk assessment/screening population, 61.99% for cancer patients and 57.31% for occupational population, respectively (P<0.001). The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of residents aged 50 to 69 years old, other occupational groups, unmarried, the central and western region residents and the group with unclear self-assessment of cancer risk was significantly lower than that of residents younger than 40 years old, personnel of public institutions/civil servants, married, the eastern region residents and the group whose self-assessment without cancer risk (P<0.05) . The level of health literacy of cancer prevention and treatment of females, people who went to high school or over, cancer risk assessment/screening population, cancer patients and occupational population was significantly higher than that of males, people who had an education level of primary school or below and community residents (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of urban residents in China was relatively high, but there was still room for improvement. Gender, age, educational level, occupation, region, marital status, self-assessment of cancer risk, and type of respondents were the key influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Male, 50-69 years old, lower educational level, central and western regions, unclear cancer risk self-assessment, and without specific environmental exposure to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge or related risk factors were the characteristics of the key intervention group of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 84-91, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914574

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the demand and access to the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge and related factors among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of general demographic characteristics, the demand and access to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge, and the influencing factors of the attitude. The Chi-square test was used to analyze the difference of the demand of the cancer prevention knowledge among different groups and the corresponding factors of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were analyzed by using the logistic regression model. Results: The proportion of residents who need the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was 79.5%. The demand rate of the inducement, symptom and diagnosis methods of cancer in the occupational population was highest, about 66.8%, 71.0% and 20.8%, respectively. The demand rate of treatment methods and cost in current cancer patients was the highest, about the 45.9% and 21.9%, respectively. The top three sources to acquire the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were "broadcast or television" (69.5%), "books, newspapers, posters or brochures" (44.7%) and "family and friends" (33.8%). The multivariate analysis showed that compared with public institution personnel/civil servants, unmarried/cohabiting/divorced/widowed and others, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, from the eastern region, people without cancer diagnosis and people with self-assessment of cancer risk, the demand rate of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was higher in enterprise personnel/workers, married, annual household income between 60 000 CNY and 150 000 CNY, from the central region, people with cancer and people with unclear cancer risk (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: There was a high demand for the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. The main access to the knowledge is from the radio or television. The occupation, marital status, annual household income, residential region, health status and risk of disease were the main factors of the demand of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(21): 9180-9188, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to determine whether SIRT3 could retard intervertebral disc degeneration and study the mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We chose the 3-month mice to establish intervertebral disc degeneration model and study the effect of SIRT3 on the intervertebral disc by Western blotting, quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), immunohistochemistry. Mouse nucleus pulposus cells were cultured to study the exact mechanism. RESULTS: The expression of SIRT3 was decreased in degenerated human nucleus pulposus. Intervertebral discs of mice treated with theacrine expressed more collagen II and less collagen X. In addition, nucleus pulposus cells stimulated with interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) expressed less SIRT3 than that in the control group and nucleus pulposus cells with SIRT3 overexpress vectors expressed more collagen II FOXO3a and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), indicating that SIRT3 could improve the intervertebral disc degeneration by anti-oxidative stress. CONCLUSIONS: SIRT3 is a protective factor for intervertebral discs and can reduce oxidative stress in the intervertebral disc.

10.
Clin Radiol ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767142

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) at high mechanical index (MI) for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with a suspected diagnosis of shunt dysfunction were enrolled in the present study. The patients were divided into three groups: colour Doppler flow imaging (CDFI), CEUS at low MI and CEUS at high MI. The portography was used as the reference standard regarding the ability to identify shunt abnormalities. The sensitivity, specificity, area under the curve (AUC), positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated. RESULTS: Out of 50 patients with a suspected diagnosis of shunt dysfunction, 18 (36%) patients had abnormal portogram findings, among which there were eight shunt occlusions and 10 stent stenosis. The sensitivity, specificity, and AUC for shunt abnormalities of CEUS at high MI are 94.4%, 93.8%, and 94%, respectively. CDFI was less sensitive and accurate than CEUS at low or high MI regarding shunt abnormality identification. Although the diagnostic results of CEUS at high MI offered relatively higher sensitivity/accuracy and correlated better with portography than that of CEUS at low MI, the difference between CEUS at low MI and high MI was not significant. The diagnostic accuracy of CDFI, CEUS at low MI, and CEUS at high MI are 50%, 70%, and 80% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: With the relatively high sensitivity and specificity compared with CDFI and CEUS at low MI, CEUS at high MI offers an alternative complementary new method to detect TIPS abnormalities in clinic.

11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1098-1103, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683394

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the status of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) use in areas with a high incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancer in China. Methods: This study was based on the National Key Research and Development Program of "National Precision Medicine Cohort of Esophageal Cancer" and "Study on Identification and Prevention of High-risk Populations of Gastrointestinal Malignancies (Esophageal cancer, Gastric cancer and Colorectal cancer)" . From January 2017 to August 2018, 212 villages or communities with a high incidence of esophageal cancer or gastric cancer were selected from 12 regions in 6 provinces. A total of 35 910 residents aged between 40 and 69 years old who met the inclusion criteria and signed the informed consent were investigated and enrolled in this study. The use of NSAIDs, demographic characteristics, health-related habits, height, weight, and blood pressure were collected by the questionnaire and physical examination. The status of main NSAIDs (aspirin, acetaminophen and ibuprofen) use with the difference varying in genders, age groups and regions were analyzed by using χ(2) test and Cochran-Armitage trend analysis method. Results: Of 35 910 subjects, the mean age was (54.6±7.1) years old and males accounted for 43.42% (15 591). The overall prevalence of NSAIDs intake was 4.56% (1 638), but it significantly varied in different provinces (P<0.001). The overall prevalence of NSAIDs intake was 4.87% (1 750) in females, which was significantly higher than that in males 4.24% (1 524) (P<0.001). The prevalence of NSAIDs intake increased with age (P for trend <0.001). As the frequency of NSAIDs intake increased, the incidence of gastrointestinal symptoms, gastrointestinal ulcers and black stools increased (P for trend <0.05 for all). Conclusion: The use of NSAIDs is prevalent in some areas with a high incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancer in China. The increased use of NSAIDs may lead to more adverse effects related to the gastrointestinal tract.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anticarcinógenos/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/epidemiologia , Ibuprofeno/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Anticarcinógenos/farmacologia , Aspirina/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/etnologia , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/farmacologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446722

RESUMO

Objective:The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP and oVEMP), caloric test, and cochlear electrogram (EcochG) in patients with Meniere's disease (MD) and non-Meniere's disease. Method:Sixty-four patients (64 ears) with Unilateral Meniere's disease were enrolled in the study group (MD group), and 127 cases(254 ears) of non-Meniere's disease patients as non-MD group, including vertigo migraine in 40 cases, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in 48 cases, benign recurrent vertigo in 13 cases, vestibular paroxysmia in 3 cases, vestibular neuritis in 5 cases and other undiagnosed vertigo in 18 cases. Both group undertake cVEMP, oVEMP, caloric test and ECochG. Use Medcale software to draw ROC curve of ECochG and calculate the area under curve(AUC), Jordan index and optimal diagnostic cut-off points. Make the cut-off point as the point of -SP/AP, then evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value(PPV), negative predictive value(NPV) and diagnostic accuracy of cVEMP, oVEMP, caloric test and ECochG in MD group and non-MD group. Result:The AUC of ECochG ROC curve was 0.74, the Jordan index was 0.47 and the cut-off point was 0.4. The sensitivity and specificity of cVEMP(62% and 68%), oVEMP(61% and 53%) and caloric test(53% and 57%) were all below ECochG(65% and 78%). The positive predictive value and of ECochG was the highest(61.9%), the negative predictive value of cVEMP was highest(87.5%). The diagnostic accuracy of ECochG was highest(74%), followed with cVEMP(67%), oVEMP(55%) and caloric test(56%). Conclusion:Compared with the vestibular function tests, the sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy and NPV were all higher in ECochG, and the diagnostic benefit can be maximized when -SP/AP value>0.4. So the value of single vestibular function examination in the diagnosis of Meniere's disease is limited. The diagnosis of MD still requires a comprehensive evaluation in combination with medical history, audiological tests and vestibular function examinations.


Assuntos
Testes Calóricos , Doença de Meniere/diagnóstico , Potenciais Evocados Miogênicos Vestibulares , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Testes de Função Vestibular
14.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(7): 554-560, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365997

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of piperine on the transformation of endothelial cells into fibroblasts. Methods: Cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs, 4-6 passage) were used for the main experiments. The transformation models of endothelial cells into fibroblasts were induced by transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) stimulation. HUVECs were divided into 6 groups: control group, TGF-ß group and 4 groups treated with various concentrations of piperine (1, 5, 10, 20 µmol/L). CKK-8 was used to detect cell proliferation. The CD31/α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) expression level was detected by fluorescent staining. The vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin)/vimentin expression was detected by immunofluorescence staining. RT-PCR was used detect the mRNA expressions of transformation markers. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of snail and twist. Results: TGF-ß increased HUVECs proliferation (P<0.05), which could be significantly inhibited by 10 and 20 µmol/L of piperine, but not by 1 and 5 µmol/L of piperine. Immunofluorescence results demonstrated that TGF-ß increased HUVECs transformation to fibroblasts as shown by downregulated expression of endothelial markers CD31, VE-cadherin, and upregulated expression of α-SMA and vimentin, again, these effects could be attenuated by 10 and 20 µmol/L piperine. The expression levels of collagen type Ⅰ and type Ⅲ were significantly higher in TGF-ß group than in control group (P<0.05), significantly lower in TGF-ß+10 µmol/L piperine group and TGF-ß+20 µmol/L piperine group than in TGF-ß group (P<0.05).In addition, RT-PCR results showed that TGF-ß increased mRNA expression of transformation markers (snail1, snail2, twist1, twist2), while 10 and 20 µmol/L of piperine could significantly downregulated the mRNA expressions of these markers. The protein expression levels of snail and twist were significantly higher in TGF-ß group than in control group (both P<0.05), which was significantly lower in TGF-ß+20 µmol/L piperine group than in TGF-ß group (both P<0.05). Conclusions: Piperine can inhibit the transformation of endothelial cells into fibroblasts. This effect might be viewed as one of the potential mechanisms of reduced myocardial fibrosis post piperine treatment.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos , Actinas , Alcaloides , Benzodioxóis , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Piperidinas , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(24): 1853-1858, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269579

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the prognostic efficiency of Lugano staging, TNM staging and Musshoff staging systems in patients with primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(PGI-DLBCL) and investigate its clinical features and prognosis. Methods: The clinical data of 110 patients with PGI-DLBCL in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from May 2008 to August 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. The stage of lymphoma was assessed following Lugano staging, TNM staging and Musshoff staging systems respectively. The prognostic value was compared mainly according to the situation of 5-year overall survival (OS)and the influence of different clinical features on prognosis of patients was also investigated. Results: The median age of the whole study was 55(range 17-92) years old. With a median follow-up time of 36 (range 1-115) months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 35 (range 0-86) months, and the median overall survival was 37 (range 2-104) months. The 5-year OS rate of Lugano stagingⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ were 77.6%, 73.4%, 69.7%, 12.2% (χ(2)=63.395, P<0.001) respectively. The 5-year OS rate of TNM staging Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ were 77.6%, 75.9%, 25.0%, 9.3% (χ(2)=65.802, P<0.001) respectively. The 5-year OS rate of Musshoff stagingⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ were 84.5%, 68.4%, 25.0%, 9.3% (χ(2)=66.966, P<0.001) respectively. By Cox multiple-factors analysis, Lugano staging system was the only independent prognosis risk factor for PFS (HR=4.987, 95%CI: 1.421-17.498, P=0.009) and OS (HR=5.659, 95%CI: 1.563-20.485, P=0.008) of PGI-DLBCL. Univariated analysis revealed that the factors affecting PFS and OS of patients with PG-DLBCL include B-symptom, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS), the number of extranodal lesions, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), International prognostic index (IPI) score, staging and therapeutic regimen(all P values of PFS and OS<0.05). Patients with PG-DLBCL who received chemotherapy alone showed a better survival than others (PFS P=0.004; OS P<0.001); the factors affecting PFS and OS of patients with PI-DLBCL include ß2-microglobulin(ß2-MG), serum albumin(ALB) levels, LDH and staging (all P values of PFS and OS<0.05). Therapeutic regimen didn't affect those patients' survival (PFS P=0.661, OS P=0.720). The additional use of Rituximab failed to improve the survival of patients with PG-DLBCL and PI-DLBCL respectively (all P values of PFS and OS>0.05). Conclusions: Compared with TNM staging and Musshoff staging systems, Lugano staging system provides the best prognostic value in PFS and OS for patients with PGI-DLBCL. Accompany with B-sympto, higher ECOG PS score, more extranodal lesions, increased LDH, higher IPI score and later period are negative factors for PG-DLBCL. Increased ß2-MG and LDH, lower ALB level and later period are negative factors of PI-DLBCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab , Adulto Jovem
16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262108

RESUMO

Objective: To introduce the method of galvanic vestibular stimulation-vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (GVS-VEMP) as well as to observe and analyze the parameters and elicited rate of GVS-cVEMP and GVS-oVEMP in healthy young people in China. Methods: Twenty six normal young subjects were recruited for conventional examinations of GVS-VEMP. The subjects were 21-37 years old, average age was (25.8±3.7) years old, including 13 males and 13 females. The galvanic stimulation intensity of 3 mA/1 ms was used to evoke cVEMP and oVEMP on the sternocleidomastoid and inferior extraocular muscles respectively, and the intensity of stimulus was decreased until the response disappeared, the threshold, latency, amplitude, interval phase and interaural amplitude ratio(IAR) were calculated. SPSS18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: All subjects were elicited normal GVS-cVEMP and GVS-oVEMP under 3 mA/1 ms, the elicited rate was 100%. The threshold of GVS-cVEMP was (1.18±0.47) mA, p1 latency was (10.43±1.54) ms, n1 latency was (17.91±1.20) ms, the amplitude was (102.47±56.77) uV and IAR was (0.26±0.20). The threshold of GVS-oVEMP was (1.12±0.50) mA, n1 latency was (8.46±1.05) ms, p1 latency was (11.83±1.27) ms, the amplitude was (9.12±6.82) uV and IAR was (0.25±0.20). In terms of gender and lateral comparison, only the GVS-oVEMP amplitude was higher for male than for female, which had significant statistical difference (P<0.05), and there was no statistical difference in the other parameters between GVS-cVEMP and GVS-oVEMP. Conclusion: GVS-cVEMP and GVS-oVEMP could be elicited in healthy youth population, and the parameters could provide reference for subsequent vestibular function evaluation.


Assuntos
Estimulação Acústica/métodos , Músculos do Pescoço/fisiologia , Músculos Oculomotores/fisiologia , Potenciais Evocados Miogênicos Vestibulares/fisiologia , Vestíbulo do Labirinto/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Vestíbulo do Labirinto/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(11): 4948-4953, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31210330

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Asthma is the most common chronic airway inflammatory disease. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) exerts a crucial effect on regulating chronic inflammatory responses. Therefore, this study aims to explore the effect of SIRT1 on the pathogenesis of asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum level of SIRT1 in asthma patients and healthy controls was detected by Western blot. Correlation between SIRT1 level and pulmonary function in asthma patients was analyzed. Subsequently, asthma model in mouse was established. Primary airway epithelial cells were extracted from asthma mice and control mice to detect SIRT1 level. Furthermore, relative levels of Akt and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were detected in 16HBE cells. Regulatory effects of Akt on SIRT1 in 16HBE cells were determined as well. RESULTS: SIRT1 was highly expressed in serum of asthma patients, which was negatively correlated with FEV1/FVC (r=-0.27, **p<0.01). Both mRNA and protein levels of SIRT1 were downregulated in primary airway epithelial cells extracted from asthma mice compared with those from controls. SIRT1 knockdown in 16HBE cells upregulated IL-6 expression, which was reversed by Akt inhibitors. CONCLUSIONS: SIRT1 regulates IL-6 level via Akt pathway, thereafter affecting pulmonary function in asthma patients.

18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(11): 818-822, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893723

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the therapeutic effect and influencing factors of the modified Karlsson operation (anchor method) in treating chronic rupture of the calcaneofibular ligament (CFL). Methods: From August 2010 to May 2014, the data of 24 patients with calcaneofibular ligament rupture treated in Institute of Sports Medicine, Third Hospital of Peking University were retrospectively analyzed. All cases were repaired with modified Karlsson operation (anchor method). There were 14 males and 10 females, with an average age of (30±9) years, and the average body mass index (BMI) was (25±5) kg/m(2). Visual analogue pain score (VAS), American Foot and Ankle Surgery Association score (AOFAS), Tegner knee motion score, ankle stability and mobility were followed up and analyzed. The paired t test was used to compare the normal distribution data before and after the operation. Results: The average follow-up time was (41±13) months. Compared with pre-operation, VAS score decreased significantly at the last follow-up [0(0,7) vs 5(0,8), Z=4.13,P=0.000], AOFAS score increased significantly (94±10 vs 70±14, t=8.94, P<0.05), Tegner score increased significantly (4.7±1.5 vs 2.8±1.3, t=6.87, P<0.05), all improved significantly. AOFAS score was excellent in 19 cases, good in 4 cases and moderate in 1 case, the excellent and good rate was 95.8%. Among them, 20 cases (83.3%) were satisfied with the recovery effect after the operation. Postoperative sprain occurred in 5 cases (20.8%) and ankle mobility was limited in 3 cases (12.5%). Conclusions: The modified Karlsson operation (anchor method) can restore the stability of the ankle joint by treating the chronic rupture of CFL. It is an effective therapy for lateral ankle instability.


Assuntos
Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo , Adulto , Traumatismos do Tornozelo , Articulação do Tornozelo , Feminino , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(3): 213-215;219, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813687

RESUMO

Summary In recent years, the diagnosis and treatment of vertigo and balance disorders have become a hot topic of multidisciplinary attention. The evaluation method of vestibular function has also been improved, providing important evidence for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of vertigo related diseases. Vestibular rehabilitation is one of the important methods for the treatment of vertigo diseases. Assessing vestibular rehabilitation status in these patients is also the key for guiding treatment. The assessment of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) function is an important part of vestibular functional testing. Currently, the dynamic visual acuity test (DVAT), gaze stabilization test (GST), and head impulse test (HIT) can be used to evaluate the VOR function. Based on these tests, a method of vestibular function testing has emerged internationally: functional head impulse test (fHIT). The article based on the review of relevant literatures and the principle of VOR detection and HIT detection to introduce the test methods and results interpretation of fHIT, DVAT and GST to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Assuntos
Reflexo Vestíbulo-Ocular , Doenças Vestibulares , Testes de Função Vestibular , Vestíbulo do Labirinto , Teste do Impulso da Cabeça , Humanos , Vertigem , Doenças Vestibulares/diagnóstico
20.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 40(2): 117-124, 2019 Feb 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30831626

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the efficacy of induction chemotherapy with or without autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) for newly diagnosed young diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. Methods: The retrospective study was performed in 90 cases of young patients (≤60 years) with newly diagnosed DLBCL and an age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aa-IPI) score of 2 or 3. All of them were treated with R-CHOP (32 cases, rituximab combined with CHOP), dose-intensive regimens (DA-EPOCH, Hyper CVAD/MA or ESHAP) combined with or without rituximab (25 cases), and consolidated with up-front auto-HSCT (33 cases), respectively. The efficacy and the potential predictors were evaluated. Results: ①The median age of 90 patients was 43 (18-60) years old. The median follow-up time was 42 (3-110) months. ②The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) for R-CHOP group, dose-intensive chemotherapy group and auto-HSCT group were (33.5±10.7) %, (55.3±10.1) % and (65.8±13.6) % (P=0.012), the 5-year overall survival (OS) were (49.7±9.0) %, (61.6±10.2) % and (78.6±7.8) % (P=0.035), respectively. There was no significant difference in 5-years PFS and OS between the R-CHOP group and dose-intensive chemotherapy group (P=0.519, P=0.437) compared with that of the dose-intensive chemotherapy group, auto-HSCT group has higher 5-year PFS (P=0.042). ③ When stratified with IPI score, the high-risk group treated with auto-HSCT (26 cases) showed similar 5-years PFS and 5-years OS to those in the low-risk group with chemotherapy alone (12 cases were in R-CHOP group and 8 cases were in dose-intensive chemotherapy group) [5-years PFS were (62.3 ±14.3)%, (58.3 ±18.6)% and (51.4±18.7)%, respectively, P=0.686; 5-years OS were (69.2±13.9)%, (62.5±15.5)% and (58.3±18.6)%, respectively, P=0.592]. ④However, the high-risk group treated with auto-HSCT (26 cases) showed superior 5-years PFS (P=0.002) and 5-years OS (P=0.019) compared to the high-risk group with chemotherapy alone (20 cases were in R-CHOP group and 17 cases were in dose-intensive chemotherapy group) [5-years PFS were (62.3±14.3)%, (41.1±13.5)% and (21.9±11.6)%, respectively; 5-years OS were (69.2±13.9)%, (51.5%±14.0)% and (35.4±13.6)%, respectively]. ⑤In the univariate analysis, as a whole, patients diagnosed with GCB subtype had higher 3-years PFS (P=0.022) and 3-years OS (P=0.037) compared to non-GCB subtype patients; in subgroup analysis, patients diagnosed with GCB subtype had higher 3-years PFS and 3-years OS compared to non-GCB subtype both in R-CHOP group (P=0.030, P=0.041) and dose-intensive chemotherapy group (P=0.044, P=0.047), but not in auto-HSCT group (P=0.199, P=0.093). ⑥In the multivariate analysis, different molecular classification (GCB/non-GCB) was an independent predictor for PFS and OS both in R-CHOP group [HR=0.274 (95% CI 0.094-0.800), P=0.018; HR=0.408 (95% CI 0.164-1.015), P=0.045] and dose-intensive chemotherapy group [HR=0.423 (95% CI 0.043-1.152), P=0.048; HR=5.758 (95% CI 0.882-6.592), P=0.035]. However, there was no significant difference in PFS and OS for auto-HSCT group between GCB/non-GCB patients. Conclusion: Induction chemotherapy followed by up-front auto-HSCT has significant effect on efficacy for young and untreated patients with high risk DLBCL. Combined with induction chemotherapy followed by up-front auto-HSCT could improve the prognosis of non-GCB patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Ciclofosfamida , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante Autólogo , Vincristina , Adulto Jovem
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