Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 72
Filtrar
1.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 738489, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708090

RESUMO

Background/Purpose: Resistance exercise (RE) is known to improve cardiovascular health, but the role of RE variables on arterial stiffness is inconclusive. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we investigated the influence of RE and its intensities on arterial stiffness measured as pulse wave velocity (PWV) in young and middle-aged adults. Methods: Web of Science, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect, CINAHL, Wiley Online Library, and Google Scholar were searched for relevant studies. RE trials that reported PWV data, and compared with respective controls were included. The Cochrane Collaboration tool was used to assess the risk of bias. Results: Data were synthesized from a total of 20 studies, involving 981 participants from control (n = 462) and exercise (n = 519) trials. The test for overall effect (pooled outcome) showed RE intervention had no effect on arterial stiffness (SMD = -0.09; 95% CI: -0.32, 0.13; P = 0.42), but risk of heterogeneity (I 2) was 64%. Meta-regression results revealed a significant correlation (P = 0.042) between RE intensity and PWV changes. Consequently, the trials were subgrouped into high-intensity and low-to-moderate-intensity to identify the effective RE intensity. Subgroup analysis showed that low-to-moderate-intensity significantly decreased PWV (SMD = -0.34; 95% CI: -0.51, -0.17; P < 0.0001), while high-intensity had no effect (SMD = 0.24; 95% CI: -0.18, 0.67; P = 0.26). When trials separated into young and middle-aged, low-to-moderate-intensity notably decreased PWV in young (SMD = -0.41; 95% CI: -0.77, -0.04; P = 0.03) and middle-aged adults (SMD = -0.32; 95% CI: -0.51, -0.14; P = 0.0007), whereas high-intensity had no effect in both age groups. Conclusions: Our findings demonstrated that RE intensity is the key variable in improving arterial stiffness. Low-to-moderate-intensity can prescribe as an effective non-pharmacological strategy to treat cardiovascular complications in young and middle-aged adults.

2.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(11): 3263-3264, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34712804

RESUMO

We report the complete mitochondrial genome (mtDNA) of Pareas formosensis (Squamata: Colubridae). This circular mtDNA is 17,703 bp in size and consists of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, 2 ribosomal RNAs, and 2 non-coding sequence (D-loop). The total of mtDNA was composition of 57.26% A + T and 42.74% G + C (T: 25.21%, C: 28.84%, A: 32.05%, G: 13.90%). The phylogenetic analysis revealed that P. formosensis formed a clade with other species of Pareas. This mtDNA sequence of P. formosensis provides useful data for studying the population genetics and phylogeography of Colubridae.

3.
Biol Res ; 54(1): 27, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488902

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Demethylzeylasteral (T-96) is a pharmacologically active triterpenoid monomer extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TWHF) that has been reported to exhibit anti-neoplastic effects against several types of cancer cells. However, the potential anti-tumour effects of T-96 against human Prostate cancer (CaP) cells and the possible underlying mechanisms have not been well studied. RESULTS: In the current study, T-96 exerted significant cytotoxicity to CaP cells in vitro and induced cell cycle arrest at S-phase in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, T-96 promoted the initiation of autophagy but inhibited autophagic flux by inducing ROS-mediated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress which subsequently activated the extrinsic apoptosis pathway in CaP cells. These findings implied that T-96-induced ER stress activated the caspase-dependent apoptosis pathway to inhibit proliferation of CaP cells. Moreover, we observed that T-96 enhances the sensitivity of CaP cells to the chemotherapeutic drug, cisplatin. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data demonstrated that T-96 is a novel modulator of ER stress and autophagy, and has potential therapeutic applications against CaP in the clinic.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Triterpenos
4.
Cell Biol Toxicol ; 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398343

RESUMO

A higher ratio of M1/M2 macrophages and an elevated chemerin level are both related to increased risk of preeclampsia. However, the crosstalk between these two events and their collective contribution to preeclampsia are not well understood. In this study, we assessed the impacts of chemerin chemokine-like receptor 1 (CMKLR1)/p-Akt/CEBPα axis in regulating macrophage polarization and mediating the pathogenic effects of chemerin on preeclampsia. We showed that chemerin, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, stimulated M1 macrophage polarization, inhibited macrophage-induced trophoblast invasion and migration, and suppressed macrophage-mediated angiogenesis. All these chemerin-induced phenotypes are essentially mediated by sequentially CMKLR1, Akt activation, and CEBPα. Mechanistically, CEBPα acted as a transcriptional activator for both IRF8 and chemerin. In vivo, chemerin aggravated preeclampsia, while α-NETA, an inhibitor for CMKLR1, significantly suppressed M1 macrophage polarization and alleviated preeclampsia. In summary, chemerin, by activating CMKLR1/Akt/CEBPα axis, forms a positive feedback loop, promotes M1 macrophage polarization, suppresses trophoblast migration/invasion and angiogenesis, and contributes to preeclampsia. Therefore, targeting chemerin signaling may benefit the prevention and/or treatment of preeclampsia.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206463

RESUMO

Aerobic exercise has been confirmed to improve endothelial function (EF). However, the effect of resistance exercise (RE) on EF remains controversial. We conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the effect of RE and its intensities on EF. We searched Web of Science, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Wiley Online Library, and included 15 articles (17 trials) for the synthesis. Overall, RE intervention significantly improved flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in brachial artery (SMD = 0.76; 95% CI: 0.47, 1.05; p < 0.00001), which represents improved EF. Meta-regression showed that the RE intensity was correlated with changes in FMD (Coef. = -0.274, T = -2.18, p = 0.045). We found both intensities of RE improved FMD, but the effect size for the low- to moderate-intensity (30-70%1RM) was bigger (SMD = 1.02; 95% CI: 0.60, 1.43; p < 0.0001) than for the high-intensity (≥70%1RM; SMD = 0.48; 95% CI: 0.21, 0.74; p = 0.005). We further noticed that RE had a beneficial effect (SMD = 0.61; 95% CI: 0.13, 1.09; p = 0.01) on the brachial artery baseline diameter at rest (BADrest), and the age variable was correlated with the changes in BADrest after RE (Coef. = -0.032, T = -2.33, p = 0.038). Young individuals (<40 years) presented with a bigger effect size for BADrest (SMD = 1.23; 95% CI: 0.30, 2.15; p = 0.009), while middle-aged to elderly (≥40 years) were not responsive to RE (SMD = 0.07; 95% CI: -0.28, 0.42; p = 0.70). Based on our findings, we conclude that RE intervention can improve the EF, and low- to moderate-intensity is more effective than high-intensity.


Assuntos
Treinamento de Força , Adulto , Idoso , Artéria Braquial , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(4): 451-7, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909370

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of conventional therapy combined with moxibustion in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in stable phase based on Meta-analysis medicine. METHODS: The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of moxibustion as adjuvant therapy for COPD were retrieved from the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Ebsco. RevMan5.3 software was used for Meta analysis, and the quality of evidence was evaluated according to GRADE standards. RESULTS: A total of 16 RCTs were included, involving 1425 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that: compared with the conventional treatment, ①the adjuvant therapy with moxibustion had advantages in reducing the number of acute exacerbations [MD=-0.31, 95%CI:-0.49--0.13, P=0.0006]; ②the adjuvant therapy with moxibustion improved lung function significantly [FEV1% (MD=4.00, 95%CI:2.63-5.37, P<0.000 01) and FEV1/FVC (MD=3.56, 95%CI:1.69-5.43, P=0.000 2)]; ③the adjuvant therapy with moxibustion could extend the 6 min walking distance (6WMD) (MD=35.00, 95%CI:18.02-51.99, P<0.000 1); ④the adjuvant therapy with moxibustion could improve the modified British Medical Research Council breathing questionnaire (mMRC) classification significantly (MD=-0.62, 95%CI:-1.18--0.05, P=0.03); ⑤no adverse reaction was reported in the included literature. CONCLUSION: The efficacy of moxibustion as adjuvant therapy for COPD in stable phase is better than that of simple conventional therapy. Due to insufficient clinical evidence and the limitations of this study, clinical safety is unclear and further evidence is needed to support the results.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Pulmão , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(8): 1622-1627, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433493

RESUMO

Peripheral nerves have a limited capacity for self-repair and those that are severely damaged or have significant defects are challenging to repair. Investigating the pathophysiology of peripheral nerve repair is important for the clinical treatment of peripheral nerve repair and regeneration. In this study, rat models of right sciatic nerve injury were established by a clamping method. Protein chip assay was performed to quantify the levels of neurotrophic, inflammation-related, chemotaxis-related and cell generation-related factors in the sciatic nerve within 7 days after injury. The results revealed that the expression levels of neurotrophic factors (ciliary neurotrophic factor) and inflammation-related factors (intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1, interferon γ, interleukin-1α, interleukin-2, interleukin-4, interleukin-6, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, prolactin R, receptor of advanced glycation end products and tumor necrosis factor-α), chemotaxis-related factors (cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1, L-selectin and platelet-derived growth factor-AA) and cell generation-related factors (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor) followed different trajectories. These findings will help clarify the pathophysiology of sciatic nerve injury repair and develop clinical treatments of peripheral nerve injury. This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Peking University People's Hospital of China (approval No. 2015-50) on December 9, 2015.

8.
Oncol Rep ; 45(3): 1261-1272, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469671

RESUMO

Glioblastoma (GBM) is an aggressive malignancy with a high rate of tumor recurrence after treatment with conventional therapies. Parthenolide (PTL), a sesquiterpene lactone extracted from the herb Tanacetum parthenium or feverfew, possesses anticancer properties against a wide variety of solid tumors. In the present study, a series of PTL derivatives were synthesized and screened. An inhibitor, dimethylaminoparthenolide (DMAPT)­D6, a derivative of the PTL prodrug DMAPT in which the hydrogen of the dimethylamino group is substituted for the isotope deuterium, induced significant cytotoxicity in GBM cells in vitro and induced cell cycle arrest at the S­phase in a dose­dependent manner. Furthermore, mechanistic investigation indicated that through increasing the levels of intracellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), DMAPT­D6 triggered DNA damage and finally death receptor­mediated extrinsic apoptosis in GBM cells, suggesting that DNA damage induced by DMAPT­D6 initiated caspase­dependent apoptosis to remove damaged GBM cells. Taken together, these data suggested that ROS accumulation following treatment with DMAPT­D6 results in DNA damage, and thus, death­receptor­mediated apoptosis, highlighting the potential of DMAPT­D6 as a novel therapeutic agent for the treatment of GBM.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Deutério/administração & dosagem , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/administração & dosagem , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Deutério/química , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Receptores de Morte Celular/metabolismo , Sesquiterpenos/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
9.
Photosynth Res ; 149(1-2): 57-68, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783175

RESUMO

Plants in their natural environment are often exposed to fluctuating light because of self-shading and cloud movements. As changing frequency is a key characteristic of fluctuating light, we speculated that rapid light fluctuation may induce rapid photosynthetic responses, which may protect leaves against photoinhibition. To test this hypothesis, maize seedlings were grown under fluctuating light with various frequencies (1, 10, and 100 cycles of fluctuations/10 h), and changes in growth, chlorophyll content, gas exchange, chlorophyll a fluorescence, and P700 were analyzed carefully. Our data show that though the growth and light-saturated photosynthetic rate were depressed by rapidly fluctuating light, photosynthesis induction was clearly speeded up. Furthermore, more rapid fluctuation of light strikingly reduced the chlorophyll content, while thermal dissipation was triggered and enhanced. The chlorophyll a fluorescence induction kinetics and P700 absorption results showed that the activities of both photosystem II and photosystem I decreased as the frequency of the fluctuating light increased. In all treatments, the light intensities of the fluctuating light were kept constant. Therefore, rapid light fluctuation frequency itself induced the acceleration of photosynthetic induction and the enhancement of photoprotection in maize seedlings, which play important roles in protecting photosynthetic apparatus against fluctuating high light to a certain extent.

10.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(5): 865-870, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229721

RESUMO

Complex pathological changes occur during the development of spinal cord injury (SCI), and determining the underlying molecular events that occur during SCI is necessary for the development of promising molecular targets and therapeutic strategies. This study was designed to explore differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with the acute and chronic stages of SCI using bioinformatics analysis. Gene expression profiles (GSE45006, GSE93249, and GSE45550) were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. SCI-associated DEGs from rat samples were identified, and Gene Ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed. In addition, a protein-protein interaction network was constructed. Approximately 66 DEGs were identified in GSE45550 between 3-14 days after SCI, whereas 2418 DEGs were identified in GSE45006 1-56 days after SCI. Moreover, 1263, 195, and 75 overlapping DEGs were identified between these two expression profiles, 3, 7/8, and 14 days after SCI, respectively. Additionally, 16 overlapping DEGs were obtained in GSE45006 1-14 days after SCI, including Pank1, Hn1, Tmem150c, Rgd1309676, Lpl, Mdh1, Nnt, Loc100912219, Large1, Baiap2, Slc24a2, Fundc2, Mrps14, Slc16a7, Obfc1, and Alpk3. Importantly, 3882 overlapping DEGs were identified in GSE93249 1-6 months after SCI, including 3316 protein-coding genes and 567 long non-coding RNA genes. A comparative analysis between GSE93249 and GSE45006 resulted in the enrichment of 1135 overlapping DEGs. The significant functions of these 1135 genes were correlated with the response to the immune effector process, the innate immune response, and cytokine production. Moreover, the biological processes and KEGG pathways of the overlapping DEGs were significantly enriched in immune system-related pathways, osteoclast differentiation, the nuclear factor-κB signaling pathway, and the chemokine signaling pathway. Finally, an analysis of the overlapping DEGs associated with both acute and chronic SCI, assessed using the expression profiles GSE93249 and GSE45006, identified four overlapping DEGs: Slc16a7, Alpk3, Lpl and Nnt. These findings may be useful for revealing the biological processes associated with SCI and the development of targeted intervention strategies.

11.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 10111-10121, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116593

RESUMO

Background: Breast cancer exhibits poor prognosis and high relapse rates following chemotherapy therapeutics. Thus, this study aims to develop effective novel agents regulating the core molecular pathway of breast cancer such as Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Methods: The present study screened a novel inhibitor, called "C188", using MTT assay. The molecular formula of C188 is C21H15FN4O3 and the molecular weight is 390. Flow cytometry and Western blotting were employed to assess cell cycle arrest after treatment with C188. Wound-healing and transwell assays were applied to measure the cell migration and invasion viability. The regulatory effects of C188 on Wnt/ß­catenin signaling and localization of ß­catenin in the nucleus were investigated by Western blotting and immunofluorescence. Results: We found that C188 significantly suppressed proliferation and growth in a dose- and time-dependent manner in breast cancer cells, but not in normal breast cells. The inhibitory effect was caused by cell cycle arrest at the G1-phase which is induced by C188 treatment. Additionally, C188 dramatically inhibited cell migration of breast cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. The migration inhibition was attributed to the suppression of Wnt/ß­catenin signaling and localization of ß­catenin in the nucleus mediated by regulating phosphorylation of ß­catenin and its subsequent stability. Furthermore, the target genes, including Axin 2, c-JUN, and c-Myc, were downregulated due to the decrease of ß­catenin in the nucleus after exposure to C188. Conclusion: C188 treatment resulted in the downregulation of cyclin D which led to cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase, and the inhibition of cell migration, indicating that C188 may be an effective novel therapeutic candidate as a potential treatment for human breast cancer.

12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 9281, 2020 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32518332

RESUMO

The first catalyst-free post-Ugi cascade methodology was developed for expeditious access to structurally diverse and complex pyrazole-pyrazines in one-pot. This novel cascade reaction features an intramolecular N2-arylation of pyrazoles with allenes at the C-ß position of triple bond. Screening in the colorectal cancer cell lines HCT116 and SW620 validated the feasibility of the methodology for generating bioactive compounds. The lead compound 7h which is active against HCT116 and SW620 with IC50 of 1.3 and 1.8 µM, respectively, can be synthesized and purified in a gram process synthetic scale in 7 hours. The mechanical studies indicated that compound 7h can induce cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase and inhibit proliferation and viability in human colon cancer cells. Overall, compound 7h is represented as a promising starting point for the development of new anti-colorectal cancer drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazinas/síntese química , Pirazóis/síntese química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Pirazinas/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Neural Regen Res ; 15(11): 2108-2115, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394969

RESUMO

Neutrophil peptide 1 belongs to a family of peptides involved in innate immunity. Continuous intramuscular injection of neutrophil peptide 1 can promote the regeneration of peripheral nerves, but clinical application in this manner is not convenient. To this end, the effects of a single intraoperative administration of neutrophil peptide 1 on peripheral nerve regeneration were experimentally observed. A rat model of sciatic nerve crush injury was established using the clamp method. After model establishment, a normal saline group and a neutrophil peptide 1 group were injected with a single dose of normal saline or 10 µg/mL neutrophil peptide 1, respectively. A sham group, without sciatic nerve crush was also prepared as a control. Sciatic nerve function tests, neuroelectrophysiological tests, and hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that the nerve conduction velocity, sciatic functional index, and tibialis anterior muscle fiber cross-sectional area were better in the neutrophil peptide 1 group than in the normal saline group at 4 weeks after surgery. At 4 and 8 weeks after surgery, there were no differences in the wet weight of the tibialis anterior muscle between the neutrophil peptide 1 and saline groups. Histological staining of the sciatic nerve showed no significant differences in the number of myelinated nerve fibers or the axon cross-sectional area between the neutrophil peptide 1 and normal saline groups. The above data confirmed that a single dose of neutrophil peptide 1 during surgery can promote the recovery of neurological function 4 weeks after sciatic nerve injury. All the experiments were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Peking University People's Hospital, China (approval No. 2015-50) on December 9, 2015.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(16): 2439-2442, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996873

RESUMO

A Zr-cluster based metallogel is synthesized via an unusual one-pot solvothermal method. The resulting metallogel is robust, adaptive, self-healing, highly thermostable and conductive. Moreover, the metallogel exhibits reversible stimuli-responsive properties. The gel could respond to at least four kinds of stimuli such as light, aliphatic amines, electricity and metals with color and fluorescence tunability. Importantly, the metallogel with electrochromic properties could be used as soft electrochromic devices for smart windows and electro display boards, and metalchromism provides a practical way for coating corrosion monitoring of metal materials.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação/química , Temperatura , Zircônio/química , Aminas/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Géis/síntese química , Géis/química , Estrutura Molecular , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol ; 44(4): 598-608, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523018

RESUMO

AIMS: Islet autotransplantation (IAT), in conjunction with total pancreatectomy (TP), is used to relieve pain in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP), while reducing the incidence of brittle diabetes. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IAT after TP (TPIAT) in this setting. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials since 1977. Data were extracted from published papers. Random-effects meta-analysis and meta-regression models were built to assess the outcomes and effect of different factors. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were conducted to examine the between-study heterogeneity, which was assessed using Cochrane's Q and I2 statistic. RESULTS: A total of 17 studies, including 1024 patients, met the eligibility criteria. The median cohort size was 21 patients (range: 5-409). The pooled incidence rates of insulin independence, narcotic independence and mortality at last follow-up were 11.47 per 100 patient-years (95% CI: 6.79-21.60, I2=91.0%), 18.11 per 100 patient-years (95% CI: 5.29-62.04, I2=98.8%) and 2.88 per 100 patient-years (95% CI: 1.75-4.74, I2=46.8%), respectively. However, the heterogeneity level of our results was high, which was due to differences in research methods and definitions of outcomes between studies. Therefore, our results should be interpreted with caution. CONCLUSIONS: TPIAT can effectively relieve pain and reduce the risk of surgical diabetes with no increase in mortality or morbidity. Prospective, randomized, clinical trials are required to further evaluate selection of patients and the timing of TPIAT.

16.
Insect Sci ; 27(4): 697-707, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30919568

RESUMO

The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is one of the major regulators of embryonic development and tissue homeostasis in multicellular organisms. However, the role of this pathway in the silkworm, especially in the silkworm midgut, remains poorly understood. Here, we report that Bombyx mori Hedgehog (BmHh) is expressed in most tissues of silkworm larvae and that its functions are well-conserved throughout evolution. We further demonstrate that the messenger RNA of four Hh signaling components, BmHh ligand, BmPtch receptor, signal transducer BmSmo and transcription factor BmCi, are all upregulated following Escherichia coli or Bacillus thuringiensis infection, indicating the activation of the Hh pathway. Simultaneously, midgut cell proliferation is strongly promoted. Conversely, the repression of Hh signal transduction with double-stranded RNA or cyclopamine inhibits the expression of BmHh and BmCi and reduces cell proliferation. Overall, these findings provide new insights into the Hh signaling pathway in the silkworm, B. mori.


Assuntos
Bombyx/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Animais , Bombyx/genética , Bombyx/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sistema Digestório/metabolismo , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Larva/genética , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/metabolismo
17.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357480

RESUMO

We have previously shown that compound-7g inhibits colorectal cancer cell proliferation and survival by inducing cell cycle arrest and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway blockage. However, whether it has the ability to exert antitumor activity in other cancer cells and what is the exact molecular mechanism for its antiproliferation effect remained to be determined. In the present study, compound-7g exhibited strong activity in suppressing proliferation and growth of glioblastoma cells. The inhibitor selectively downregulated F-box protein SKP2 expression and upregulated cell cycle inhibitor p27, and then resulted in G1 cell cycle arrest. Mechanism analysis revealed that compound-7g also provokes the down-regulation of E2F-1, which acts as a transcriptional factor of SKP2. Further results indicated that compound-7g induced an increase of LC3B-II and p62, which causes a suppression of fusion between autophagosome and lysosome. Moreover, compound-7g mediated autophagic flux blockage promoted accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins and then led to endoplasmic reticulum stress. Our study thus demonstrated that pharmacological inactivation of E2F-1-SKP2-p27 axis is a promising target for restricting cancer progression.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzimidazóis/química , Isoquinolinas/química , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/genética , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteólise
18.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(4): 615-621, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346999

RESUMO

The prevalence of, and related factors to, stress urinary incontinence (SUI) among perimenopausal Chinese women and its impact on daily life among those women with sexual desire problem in Hubei province were investigated. In this study, 1519 perimenopausal women aged 40 to 65 years were selected from three urban communities in the Wuhan area, and two impoverished, mountainous communities in Hubei province, and followed from April to October 2014. Detailed information about demographic characteristics, menstruation, pregnancy, sexual life and chronic diseases was collected. A cross-sectional survey was carried out following information collection by Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the potential factors associated with developing SUI were old age (OR=3.4, 95% CI: 1.92-6.04), vaginal delivery (OR=0.623, 95% CI: 0.45-0.87), low income (OR=0.063, 95% CI: 0.40-0.92), atrophic vaginitis (OR=1.4, 95% CI: 1.03-1.80), pelvic organ prolapse (OR=2.81, 95% CI: 1.36-5.80), chronic pelvic pain (OR=2.17, 95% CI: 1.90-4.03), constipation (OR=1.44, 95% CI: 1.07-1.93) and incontinence of feces (OR=3.32, 95% CI: 2.03-5.43). Moreover, the ratio of SUI (33.2%) was higher than the ratio of urgency urinary incontinence (24.1%) or the ratio of mixed urinary incontinence (17.4%), and SUI had a greater impact on daily life among women with decreased sexual desire. In conclusion, SUI is a common disorder affecting over one third of the women surveyed, and has a severe impact on the daily life of perimenopausal women with declined sexual desire. Age, mode of delivery, and monthly income are major risk factors involved in the development of SUI.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sexual/fisiologia , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/complicações , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/patologia , Perimenopausa/fisiologia , Gravidez , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/complicações , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/patologia
19.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(2): 904-910, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a kind of head-neck malignant neoplasm originated from the nasopharyngeal epithelium and is mainly prevalent in Southern China and Southeast Asia countries. KiSS-1 is an inhibitor of tumor metastasis in a range of cancers. METHODS: We establish a cell substrain of SUNE-1-5-8F (NPC cell line from humans) that trsnfected with lentiviral vectors carried with KiSS-1 gene and were selected by puromycin. A transplantation tumor animal model in BALB/c-nu mice was successfully established with a substrain that stably overexpressed KiSS-1. RESULTS: Our result showed that the size of transplantation tumor in the nude mice with KiSS-1 overexpression in transplantation tumor was not difference from the size of transplantation tumor in the controlled transplantation tumor mice. We detected metastatic tumor in lung but not in liver. Moreover, we also found that in the nude mice with KiSS-1 overexpression in transplantation tumor showed extremely fewer metastatic tumor in lung compared with the controlled transplantation tumor mice model. In conclusion, KiSS-1 may be beneficial for the inhibition of metastasis of human NPC. CONCLUSION: This study may throw light on the treatment of NPC and may help improve the prognosis of patients with NPC.

20.
Neural Regen Res ; 14(4): 692-698, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632510

RESUMO

Multiple regeneration of axonal buds has been shown to exist during the repair of peripheral nerve injury, which confirms a certain repair potential of the injured peripheral nerve. Therefore, a systematic nerve transposition repair technique has been proposed to treat severe peripheral nerve injury. During nerve transposition repair, the regenerated nerve fibers of motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord can effectively grow into the repaired distal nerve and target muscle tissues, which is conducive to the recovery of motor function. The aim of this study was to explore regeneration and nerve functional recovery after repairing a long-segment peripheral nerve defect by transposition of different donor nerves. A long-segment (2 mm) ulnar nerve defect in Sprague-Dawley rats was repaired by transposition of the musculocutaneous nerve, medial pectoral nerve, muscular branches of the radial nerve and anterior interosseous nerve (pronator quadratus muscle branch). In situ repair of the ulnar nerve was considered as a control. Three months later, wrist flexion function, nerve regeneration and innervation muscle recovery in rats were assessed using neuroelectrophysiological testing, osmic acid staining and hematoxylin-eosin staining, respectively. Our findings indicate that repair of a long-segment ulnar nerve defect with different donor nerve transpositions can reinnervate axonal function of motor neurons in the anterior horn of spinal cord and restore the function of affected limbs to a certain extent.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...