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1.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 1): 132072, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481174

RESUMO

High-performance photocatalytic applications require to develop heterostructures between two semiconductors with matched band energy levels to facilitate charge-carrier separation. The S-scheme photocatalytic system has great potential to be explored, in terms of the improvement of charge separation, however, small efforts have been made in photocatalytic disinfection application. In this study, a non-toxic and low-cost S-scheme photocatalytic system composed of α-Fe2O3 and g-C3N4 was fabricated by in-suit production of g-C3N4 and firstly applied into water disinfection. The α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 junction demonstrated an enhanced activity for photocatalytic bacterial inactivation, with the complete inactivation of 7 log10 cfu·mL-1 of Escherichia coli K-12 cells within 120 min under visible light irradiation. Its logarithmic bacterial inactivation efficiency was nearly 7 times better than that of single g-C3N4. The experimental results suggested that the effective prevention of charge-carrier recombination led to an improved generation of reactive oxygen species (ROSs), resulting in impressive disinfection performance. Moreover, the DNA gel electrophoresis experiments validated the reason for the irreversible death of bacteria, which was the leakage and destruction of chromosomal DNA. In addition, this S-scheme heterojunction also showed excellent photocatalytic disinfection performance in authentic water matrices (including tap water, secondary treated sewage effluent, and surface water) under visible light irradiation. Hence, the α-Fe2O3/g-C3N4 composite has great potential for sustainable and efficient photocatalytic disinfection applications.


Assuntos
Desinfecção , Escherichia coli K12 , Antibacterianos , Catálise , Luz
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150062, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509854

RESUMO

The development of affordable and efficient technologies for the removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) from water has recently been the subject of extensive attention. In this study, a black phosphorus/graphitic carbon nitride (BP-g-C3N4) heterostructure is fabricated as an extremely active metal-free photocatalyst via a newly-developed exfoliation strategy. The BP-g-C3N4 shows an 11 times better decomposition rate of a representative PPCPs-type pollutant, indomethacin (IDM), compared to the widely-used P25 TiO2 under real-sunlight illumination. Also, its visible-light activity is even better than that of the best photocatalysts previously developed, but only consumes 1/10-1/4 of the catalyst. The results show that BP performs a cocatalyst-like behavior to catalyze the generation of reactive oxygen species, thus speeding up the decomposition of IDM. In addition, the BP-g-C3N4 photocatalyst also exhibits excellent IDM removal efficiency in authentic water matrices (tap water, surface water, and secondarily treated sewage effluent). Large-scale application demonstration under natural sunlight further reveals the practicality of BP-g-C3N4 for real-world water treatment operations. Our work will open up new possibilities in the development of purely metal-free photocatalysts for "green" environmental remediation applications.


Assuntos
Grafite , Fósforo , Indometacina , Compostos de Nitrogênio
3.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150509, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582861

RESUMO

Temperature and pH are important factors affecting the hydrolysis of ß-lactam antibiotics in water environments. However, the determination of hydrolysis kinetics and pathways is experimentally challenging, particularly in low temperature aqueous solutions because of time and cost constraints. In this study, an equation was employed to correct the Gibbs energy calculated in aqueous solutions by density functional theory methods to predict the effect of temperature on the hydrolysis kinetics and pathways of penicillin G. The results indicate that the most likely hydrolysis mechanism involves the opening of the ß-lactam ring of anionic penicillin G protonated at the ß-lactam oxygen atom with the participation of the carboxyl group and a water molecule. The results also suggest that the carboxyl group of ß-lactam antibiotics was crucial for the hydrogen transfer. The predicted rate constants were of the same order of magnitude as the experimental values obtained under comparable pH and temperature conditions. Therefore, the quantum chemical methodology described herein can be potentially employed to determine pH- and temperature-based two-dimensional hydrolysis rate models, which can enable the prediction of the ß-lactam antibiotics persistence in frigid waters.


Assuntos
Penicilinas , beta-Lactamas , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Cinética , Temperatura
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt B): 127519, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34879516

RESUMO

It is essential to understand the atmospheric fate of liquid crystal monomers (LCMs), an important component in liquid crystal displays (LCDs); however, limited information is available at present. In this study, the atmospheric reaction mechanism, kinetics and toxicity evolution of three fluorinated biphenylethyne LCMs (1,2,3-trifluoro-5-(2-(4-methylphenyl)ethynyl)benzene (m-TEB), 1,2,3-trifluoro-5-(2-(4-ethylphenyl)ethynyl)benzene (e-TEB), 1,2,3-trifluoro-5-(2-(4-propylphenyl)ethynyl)benzene (p-TEB)) are investigated by theoretical calculations. Results show that the initial reactions of·OH addition to -C ≡ C- groups and hydrogen abstraction from alkyl groups (-CH3, -C2H5, -C3H7) are dominant pathways. The resulting transformation products (TPs) for m-TEB are mainly highly oxidized multi-functional compounds such as benzil-based compounds, benzoic acid, alcohols, aldehydes, diketone and epoxy compounds. Results also show that some TPs exhibit higher aquatic toxicity than the parent. The calculated rate constants of m-TEB, e-TEB and p-TEB with·OH at 298 K are in the ranges of (1.3 -8.6) × 10-12 cm3 molecule-1 s-1, and the corresponding atmospheric half-lives are 3.8-9.3, 2.2-5.4 and 0.6-1.4 days, respectively. This evidences that m-TEB and e-TEB may have atmospheric persistence and could undergo long-range transport. The results herein could be helpful for clarifying the atmospheric fates, persistence and risks of fluorinated LCMs with ethynyl benzene center.

5.
Pest Manag Sci ; 78(1): 52-62, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Athetis lepigone, a noctuid moth feeding on more than 30 different crops worldwide, has evolved a sophisticated, sensitive, and specific chemosensory system to detect and discriminate exogenous chemicals. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are the most important agent in insect chemosensory systems to be explored as an alternative target for environmentally friendly approaches to pest management. RESULTS: To investigate the olfactory function of A. lepigone OBPs (AlepOBPs), AlepOBP6 was identified and expressed in Escherichia coli. The binding affinity of the recombinant OBP to 20 different ligands was then examined using a competitive binding approach. The results revealed that AlepOBP6 can bind to two sex pheromones and ten maize volatiles, and its conformation stability is pH dependent. We also carried out a structure-function study using different molecular approaches, including structure modeling, molecular docking, and a mutation functional assay to identify amino acid residues (M39, V68, W106, Q107, and Y114) involved in the binding of AlepOBP6 to both sex pheromones and maize volatiles in A. lepigone. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that AlepOBP6 is likely involved in mediating the responses of A. lepigone to sex pheromones and maize volatiles, which may play a pivotal function in mating, feeding, and oviposition behaviors. This study not only provides new insight into the binding mechanism of OBPs to sex pheromones and host volatiles in moths, but also contributes to the discovery of novel target candidates for developing efficient behavior disruptors to control A. lepigone in the future. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Mariposas , Receptores Odorantes , Atrativos Sexuais , Animais , Feminino , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Ligantes , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Feromônios , Receptores Odorantes/genética , Zea mays
6.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; : 1-31, 2021 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34877923

RESUMO

AbstractJapanese encephalitis virus (JEV), an important neurotropic pathogen, belongs to the genus Flavivirus of the family Flaviviridae and has caused huge threat to public health. It is still obscure regarding the functions of stem loop (SL) and dumbbell (DB) domains of JEV 3' UTR in viral replication and virulence. In the current study, using the infectious clone of JEV SA14 strain as a backbone, we constructed a series of deletion mutants of 3' UTR to investigate their effects on virus replication. The results showed that partial deletions within SL or DB domain had no apparent effects on virus replication in both mammalian (BHK-21) and mosquito (C6/36) cells, suggesting that they were not involved in viral host-specific replication. However, the entire SL domain deletion (ΔVR) significantly reduced virus replication in both cell lines, indicating the important role of the complete SL domain in virus replication. The revertant of ΔVR mutant virus was obtained by serial passage in BHK-21 cells that acquired a duplication of DB domain (DB-dup) in the 3' UTR, which greatly restored virus replication as well as the capability to produce the subgenomic flavivirus RNAs (sfRNAs). Interestingly, the DB-dup mutant virus was highly attenuated in C57BL/6 mice despite replicating similar to WT JEV. These findings demonstrate the significant roles of the duplicated structures in 3' UTR in JEV replication and provide a novel strategy for the design of live attenuated vaccine.

7.
Chemosphere ; 290: 133317, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34921858

RESUMO

The successful application of photocatalysis in practical water treatment opreations relies greatly on the development of highly efficient, stable and low-cost photocatalysts. The low-cost metal-free photocatalyst made up of black phosphorus (BP) and graphitic carbon nitride (CN) was successfully constructed and firstly used for the photocatalytic treatment of antibiotic contaminants in this work. Compared with bare CN, the BP/CN photocatalyst exhibited the enhanced photocatalytic performance for tetracycline hydrochloride (HTC) degradation, that 99% of HTC was removed by 6BP/CN (doping amount of BP was 6%) within 30 min under the simulated visible-light irradiation. The efficiency was even comparable to those of some high-efficiency photocatalysts recently-reported such as Fe0@POCN, CuInS2/Bi2MoO6 and Cu2O@HKUST-1. Under natural sunlight illumination, the determined apparent rate constant for degradation of HTC by BP/CN was 2.7 times as that by P25 TiO2. The experimental results indicated that loading BP on CN could enhance the separation of charge carriers and promote the ability of light absorption for visible-light, thus leading to a greater catalytic activity. Meanwhile, the influences of different operating variables (pH, water, ion and HTC concentration) on HTC degradation were studied in detail. Furthermore, the degradation pathway of HTC was also proposed. In addition, the photocatalytic activity of the BP/CN for production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was also studied, which could reach up to 501.04 µmol g-1h-1. It is anticipated that BP/CN photocatalyst could be used for practical water treatment.

8.
Biosens Bioelectron ; : 113798, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823961

RESUMO

A plug-and-play surface plasmon resonance (SPR) dual-parameter optical fiber biosensor is reported, in which Au film was firstly coated on the fiber surface for exciting SPR and the end half of the Au film was modified with Au nanoparticles to generate double SPR resonance valleys. For simultaneous detecting of glucose and cholesterol concentrations, modified P-mercaptophenylboronic acid (PMBA) and ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) were subsequently coated on the surface of sensor probe. Due to the cis-diol structure of glucose, it can interact with PMBA, leading to a red shift of one SPR resonant valley, whose maximum wavelength shift is 11.228 nm in the range of 0-1.7 mM glucose concentration. On the same time, the cholesterol molecules can realize the host-guest combination with ß-CD, leading to a red shift of another SPR resonant valley, and the maximum wavelength shift is 18.893 nm in the cholesterol concentration range of 0-300 nM. The detection limits of the sensor to glucose and cholesterol are 0.00078 mM and 0.012 nM, respectively. The enhances the practical value of the dual-parameter sensor. Both theory and experiment results verify the feasibility of the "plug-and-play" sensor to measure the dual biomass of glucose and cholesterol with ultra-low detection limit and good selectivity. The proposed method provides a huge research value for the optical fiber sensor in multi-parameter measurement.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 761883, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803705

RESUMO

Qinbaiqingfei concentrated pills (QB) are a commonly used medicine for the treatment of mycoplasma pneumonia in China, and the mechanism of action of QB needs to be studied further. Therefore, we use a combination of metabolomics and network pharmacology to clarify the mechanism of QB. Nontarget metabolomics studies were performed on rat serum, urine, and lung tissues, and 56 therapeutic biomarkers were found. Subsequently, the components of QB absorbed into the blood and lung tissues were clarified, and based on this finding, the core target of network pharmacology was predicted. The enrichment analysis of biomarkers-genes finally confirmed their close relationship with the NF-κB signaling pathway. By western blotting expression of the proteins in the lung tissue-related signaling pathways, it is finally confirmed that QB inhibits the NF-κB signaling pathway through SIRT1, IL-10 and MMP9, CTNNB1, EGFR, and other targets. It plays a role in regulating immunity, regulating metabolism, and treating diseases.

10.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 1994764, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34595234

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most common malignancies. Pathological image processing of breast has become an important means for early diagnosis of breast cancer. Using medical image processing to assist doctors to detect potential breast cancer as early as possible has always been a hot topic in the field of medical image diagnosis. In this paper, a breast cancer recognition method based on image processing is systematically expounded from four aspects: breast cancer detection, image segmentation, image registration, and image fusion. The achievements and application scope of supervised learning, unsupervised learning, deep learning, CNN, and so on in breast cancer examination are expounded. The prospect of unsupervised learning and transfer learning for breast cancer diagnosis is prospected. Finally, the privacy protection of breast cancer patients is put forward.

11.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 369, 2021 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34697295

RESUMO

The lung is the prophylaxis target against SARS-CoV-2 infection, and neutralizing antibodies are a leading class of biological products against various infectious viral pathogen. In this study, we develop a safe and cost-effective platform to express neutralizing antibody in the lung with replicating mRNA basing on alphavirus replicon particle (VRP) delivery system, to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infections. First, a modified VEEV replicon with two subgenomic (sg) promoters was engineered to translate the light and heavy chains of antibody simultaneously, for expression and assembly of neutralizing anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody CB6. Second, the feasibility and protective efficacy of replicating mRNA against SARS-CoV-2 infection were demonstrated through both in vitro and in vivo assays. The lung target delivery with the help of VRP system resulted in efficiently block SARS-CoV-2 infection with reducing viral titer and less tissue damage in the lung of mice. Overall, our data suggests that expressing neutralizing antibodies in the lungs with the help of self-replicating mRNA could potentially be a promising prophylaxis approach against SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Assuntos
Alphavirus , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/terapia , Replicon , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/biossíntese , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/genética , Anticorpos Antivirais/biossíntese , Anticorpos Antivirais/genética , COVID-19/genética , COVID-19/metabolismo , Chlorocebus aethiops , Cricetinae , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Células Vero
12.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 550, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a debilitating and neglected tropical disease for which praziquantel (PZQ) remains the first-choice drug for treatment and control of the disease. In our previous studies, we found that the patented compound DW-3-15 (patent no. ZL201110142538.2) displayed significant and stabilized antiparasitic activity through a mechanism that might be distinct from PZQ. Here, we investigated the antischistosomal efficacy of PZQ combined with DW-3-15 against schistosomula and adult worms of Schistosoma japonicum in vitro and in vivo, to verify whether there was a synergistic effect of the two compounds. METHODS: The antischistosomal efficacy of PZQ combined with DW-3-15 in comparison with an untreated control and monotherapy group against schistosomula and adult worms was assessed both in vitro and in vivo. Parasitological studies, scanning electron microscopy, combination index, and histopathological analysis were used for the assessment. RESULTS: The results showed significantly reduced viability of schistosomes, achieving 100% viability reduction for juveniles and males by combination chemotherapy using PZQ together with DW-3-15 in vitro. The combination index was 0.28, 0.27, and 0.53 at the higher concentration of PZQ combined with DW-3-15 against juveniles, males, and females, respectively, indicating that the two compounds display strong synergism. Scanning electron microscopy observations also demonstrated that the compound combination induced more severe and extensive alterations to the tegument and subtegument of S. japonicum than those with each compound alone. In vivo, compared with the single-compound-treated group, the group treated with the higher-dose combination demonstrated the best schistosomicidal efficacy, with significantly reduced worm burden, egg burden, and granuloma count and area, which was evident against schistosomula and adult worms. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides a potential novel chemotherapy for schistosomiasis caused by S. japonicum. It would improve the antischistosomal effect on schistosomula and adult worms of S. japonicum, and decrease individual dosages.

14.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 14(8): 918-919, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527136

RESUMO

[This corrects the article on p. 5175 in vol. 8, PMID: 26191214.].

15.
Environ Pollut ; 291: 118189, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34543954

RESUMO

Antibiotic resistance in environmental matrices becomes urgently significant for public health and has been considered as an emerging environmental contaminant. In this work, the ampicillin-resistant Escherichia coli (AR E. coli) and corresponding resistance genes (blaTEM-1) were effectively eliminated by the electrocatalytic process, and the dissemination risk of antibiotic resistance was also investigated. All the AR E. coli (∼8 log) was inactivated and 8.17 log blaTEM-1 was degraded by the carbon nanotubes/agarose/titanium (CNTs/AG/Ti) electrode within 30 min. AR E. coli was inactivated mainly attributing to the damage of cell membrane, which was attacked by reactive oxygen species and subsequent leakage of intracellular cytoplasm. The blaTEM-1 was degraded owing to the strand breaking in the process of electrocatalytic degradation. Furthermore, the dissemination risk of antibiotic resistance was effectively controlled after being electrocatalytic treatment. This study provided an effective electrocatalytic technology for the inactivation of antibiotic resistant bacteria and control of antibiotic resistance dissemination risk in the aqueous environment.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Nanotubos de Carbono , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Escherichia coli
16.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 9960304, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484327

RESUMO

Background: Memory loss and cognitive impairment characterize the neurodegenerative disorder, Alzheimer's disease (AD). Amyloid-ß (Aß) is the key factor that triggers the course of AD, and reducing the deposition of Aß in the brain has been considered as a potential target for the treatment of AD. In clinical and animal studies, electroacupuncture (EA) has been shown to be an effective treatment for AD. In recent years, substantial evidence has accumulated suggesting the important role of the glymphatic system in Aß clearance. Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore whether EA modifies the accumulation of Aß through the glymphatic system and may thus be applied to alleviate cognitive impairments. Methods: Seven-month-old SAMP8 mice were randomized into a control group (Pc) and an electroacupuncture group (Pe). Age-matched SAMR1 mice were used as normal controls (Rc). Mice in the Pe group were stimulated on Baihui (GV20) and Yintang (GV29) for 10 min and then pricked at Shuigou (GV26) for ten times. EA treatment lasted for 8 weeks. In each week, EA would be applied once a day for the first five consecutive days and ceased at the remaining two days. After EA treatment, Morris water maze (MWM) test was used to evaluate the cognitive function; HE and Nissl staining was performed to observe the brain histomorphology; ELISA, contrast-enhanced MRI, and immunofluorescence were applied to explore the mechanisms underlying EA effects from Aß accumulation, glymphatic system function, reactivity of astrocytes, and AQP4 polarization, respectively. Results: This EA regime could improve cognition and alleviate neuropathological damage to brain tissue. And EA treatment might reduce Aß accumulation, enhance paravascular influx in the glymphatic system, inhibit the reactivity of astrocytes, and improve AQP4 polarity. Conclusion: EA treatment might reduce Aß accumulation from the brain via improving clearance performance of the glymphatic system and thereby alleviating cognitive impairment.

17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 143: 112128, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492424

RESUMO

Gender differences have important biological significance for medical research. In this study, a bias towards males was identified in animal experiments of Damp-Heat Syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine, as was first proposed by a data mining method. Combined with the correlation between Damp-Heat Syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine and Gender differences, it was considered that Gender-related factors have a significant influence on the development of Damp-Heat Syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine. However, most traditional Chinese medicine studies ignore the key significance of Gender-related factors. This study emphasises that the development of modern traditional Chinese medicine research needs to pay full attention to the biological significance of Gender-related factors and to apply this concept to the research on the Gender equivalence strategy in basic research and the practice of personalised medical diagnosis and clinical treatment.

18.
EMBO Mol Med ; 13(9): e14108, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351689

RESUMO

The genus Flavivirus comprises numerous emerging and re-emerging arboviruses causing human illness. Vaccines are the best approach to prevent flavivirus diseases. But pathogen diversities are always one of the major hindrances for timely development of new vaccines when confronting unpredicted flavivirus outbreaks. We used West Nile virus (WNV) as a model to develop a new live-attenuated vaccine (LAV), WNV-poly(A), by replacing 5' portion (corresponding to SL and DB domains in WNV) of 3'-UTR with internal poly(A) tract. WNV-poly(A) not only propagated efficiently in Vero cells, but also was highly attenuated in mouse model. A single-dose vaccination elicited robust and long-lasting immune responses, conferring full protection against WNV challenge. Such "poly(A)" vaccine strategy may be promising for wide application in the development of flavivirus LAVs because of its general target regions in flaviviruses.


Assuntos
Febre do Nilo Ocidental , Vacinas contra o Vírus do Nilo Ocidental , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Chlorocebus aethiops , Camundongos , Poli A , Células Vero , Febre do Nilo Ocidental/prevenção & controle
19.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369657

RESUMO

Proteins in Jumonji family function as histone demethylases and participate in cardiac development. Jumonji domain containing 5 (JMJD5) is responsible for the embryonic development through removing methyl moieties from H3K36me2 histone, and has pro-proliferative effect on heart and eye development. However, the protective role of JMJD5 against oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R)-induced injury in cardiomyocytes has not been fully understood. Firstly, myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) rat model was established by ligation of left coronary artery. OGD/R was performed in non-transfected H9C2 or H9C2 transfected with pcDNA-JMJD5 plasmid to induce cell cytotoxicity. Data from qRT-PCR and western blot showed that JMJD5 was reduced in the heart tissues of myocardial I/R rat model and OGD/R-induced H9C2. Secondly, JMJD5 over-expression attenuated OGD/R-induced decrease in cell viability and increase in lactate dehydrogenase secretion and cell apoptosis in H9C2. Mitophagy was promoted by pcDNA-mediated over-expression of JMJD5 with enhanced protein expression of LC3-I, LC3-II, Atg5, and Beclin 1. Thirdly, knockdown of JMJD5 aggravated OGD/R-induced decrease in hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), whereas JMJD5 over-expression enhanced BNIP3 (Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19-kDa interacting protein) through upregulation of HIF-1α. Lastly, BNIP3 silencing promoted cell apoptosis, suppressed mitophagy, and attenuated the protective effects of JMJD5 over-expression against OGD/R-induced injury in H9C2. In conclusion, JMJD5 exerted protective effects against OGD/R-induced injury in cardiomyocytes through upregulation of HIF-1α-BNIP3.

20.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(7): 549-54, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture(EA) at "Zusanli"(ST36), "Yinlingquan" (SP9) or "Yingu"(KI10) on the expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine type 7 receptor (5-HT7R) in the gastric antrum and colon tissues in functional diarrhea (FD) model rats, so as to explore its mechanisms underlying improving FD. METHODS: Forty male SD rats were randomly divided into control, model, ST36, SP9 and KI10 groups,with 8 rats in each group. The FD model was established by combined administration of restriction (four-limbs' banding) + abdominal cold stimulation + feeding every other day, for 14 days. EA (2 Hz, 0.5 mA) was applied to bilateral ST36 or bilateral SP9 or bilateral KI10 in the 3 corresponding groups for 30 min, once a day for 7 days after successful modeling. Rats of the control group received restriction only. The fecal water content was calculated and the stool form score was given according to the Bristol's methods. The gastric residual rate (GRR) and small intestine propulsion rate (SIPR) were determined to assess the motility of the gastrointestinal tract. Immunohistochemical and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR were used to detect the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA of the gastric antrum and colon tissues, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the fecal water content, the stool form score, the SIPR and the expression levels of 5-HT7R protein and 5-HT7R mRNA were significantly increased (P<0.01,P<0.05) and the GRR was considerably decreased in the model group (P<0.01). The fecal water content, stool form score and SIPR, and expression level of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA in the gastric antrum and colon were significantly lower in both the ST36 and SP9 groups (not in the KI10 group) than in the model group (P<0.01, P<0.05), but the GRR was significantly higher in the ST36 and SP9 groups (not in the KI10 group) than in the model group (P<0.01). The effects of both ST36 and SP9 were significantly superior to those of KI10 in improving all the indexes mentioned above (except SIPR and the mRNA level of 5-HT7R in the colon in SP9 group)(P<0.01, P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the ST36 and SP9 groups in lowering the levels of fecal water content, stool form score, SIPR, and the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA, as well as in up-regulating GRR (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA of ST36 and SP9 can improve the motility of gastrointestinal tract in FD rats, which may be related to its functions in down-regulating the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA in gastric antrum and colon tissues. The effects of ST36 and SP9 were obviously better than those of KI10 in ameliorating the gastric and intestinal motility (except GRR) and in lowering the expression of 5-HT7R protein and mRNA.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Colo , Diarreia/genética , Diarreia/terapia , Masculino , Antro Pilórico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
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