Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 43
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 21(1): 64-76, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898443

RESUMO

Proteasome inhibitors have shown remarkable success in the treatment of hematologic neoplasm. There has been a lot of attention to applying these drugs for solid tumor treatment. Recent preclinical study has signified the effectiveness on cell proliferation inhibition in lung adenocarcinoma treated by carfilzomib (CFZ), a second generation proteasome inhibitor. However, no insight has been gained regarding the mechanism. In this study, we have systematically investigated the CFZ functions in cell proliferation and growth, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma cells. Flow cytometry experiments showed that CFZ significantly induced G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in lung adenocarcinoma. MTS and colony formation assays revealed that CFZ substantially inhibited survival of lung adenocarcinoma cells. All results were consistently correlated to the upregulation expression of Gadd45a, which is an important gene in modulating cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in response to physiologic and environmental stresses. Here, upregulation of Gadd45a expression was observed after CFZ treatment. Knocking down Gadd45a expression suppressed G2/M arrest and apoptosis in CFZ-treated cells, and reduced cytotoxicity of this drug. The protein expression analysis has further identified that the AKT/FOXO3a pathway is involved in Gadd45a upregulation after CFZ treatment. These findings unveil a novel mechanism of proteasome inhibitor in anti-solid tumor activity, and shed light on novel preferable therapeutic strategy for lung adenocarcinoma. We believe that Gadd45a expression can be a highly promising candidate predictor in evaluating the efficacy of proteasome inhibitors in solid tumor therapy.

2.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(9): 881-885, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506146

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pathogen composition and clinical features of preterm infants with sepsis, and to provide a basis for early identification and treatment of sepsis in preterm infants. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 371 preterm infants with sepsis who had a positive blood culture between January 2014 and May 2018. According to the time of onset, the preterm infants were divided into an early-onset group (an age of onset of <7 days) with 73 preterm infants and a late-onset group (an age of onset of ≥7 days) with 298 preterm infants. The two groups were compared in terms of pathogen composition and clinical features (initial symptoms, laboratory examination results at the time of onset, comorbidities, and prognosis). RESULTS: There was a higher proportion of infants with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection in the late-onset group (P<0.05), while there was a higher proportion of infants with Escherichia coli, Streptococcus agalactiae or Listeria infection in the early-onset group (P<0.05). The early-onset group had a significantly higher proportion of infants with dyspnea than the late-onset group (P<0.05). Compared with the late-onset group, the early-onset group had significantly shorter time to negative conversion of blood culture, duration of antibiotic use before infection, and indwelling time of deep venous catheterization (P<0.05), and the late-onset group had a significantly higher incidence rate of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis than the early-onset group (P<0.05). The early-onset group had a significantly higher rate of treatment withdrawal than the late-onset group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Preterm infants with sepsis lack typical clinical manifestations and laboratory examination results at the time of onset. There are certain differences in pathogen composition and clinical features between preterm infants with early- and late-onset sepsis. Possible pathogens for sepsis should be considered based on age in days at the time of onset and related clinical features.


Assuntos
Sepse , Enterocolite Necrosante , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Estudos Retrospectivos , Streptococcus agalactiae
3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 762, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Avian influenza A (H5N6) virus poses a great threat to the human health since it is capable to cross the species barrier and infect humans. Although human infections are believed to largely originate from poultry contaminations, the transmissibility is unclear and only limited information was available on poultry environment contaminations, especially in Fujian Province. METHODS: A total of 4901 environmental samples were collected and tested for Avian Influenza Virus (AIV) from six cities in Fujian Province through the Fujian Influenza Surveillance System from 2013 to 2017. Two patient-related samples were taken from Fujian's first confirmed H5N6 human case and his backyard chicken feces in 2017. Chi-square test or Fisher's exact probability test was used to compare the AIV and the viral subtype positive rates among samples from different Surveillance cities, surveillance sites, sample types, and seasons. Phylogenetic tree analysis and molecular analysis were conducted to track the viral transmission route of the human infection and to map out the evolutions of H5N6 in Fujian. RESULTS: The overall positive rate of the H5 subtype AIVs was 4.24% (208/4903). There were distinctive differences (p < 0.05) in the positive rates in samples from different cities, sample sites, sample types and seasons. The viruses from the patient and his backyard chicken feces shared high homologies (99.9-100%) in all the eight gene segments. Phylogenetic trees also showed that these two H5N6 viruses were closely related to each other, and were classified into the same genetic clade 2.3.4.4 with another six H5N6 isolates from the environmental samples. The patient's H5N6 virus carried genes from H6N6, H5N8 and H5N6 viruses originated from different areas. The R294K or N294S substitution was not detected in the neuraminidase (NA). The S31 N substitution in the matrix2 (M2) gene was detected but only in one strain from the environmental samples. CONCLUSIONS: The H5 subtype of AIVs has started circulating in the poultry environments in Fujian Province. The patient's viral strain originated from the chicken feces in his backyard. Genetic reassortment in H5N6 viruses in Fujian Province was indicated. The H5N6 viruses currently circulating in Fujian Province were still commonly sensitive to Oseltamivir and Zanamivir, but the resistance against Amantadine has emerged.


Assuntos
Vírus da Influenza A/isolamento & purificação , Influenza Aviária/virologia , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia , Aves Domésticas/virologia , Animais , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Patos/virologia , Meio Ambiente , Microbiologia Ambiental , Genes Virais , Abrigo para Animais/normas , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Influenza Aviária/diagnóstico , Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia , Tipagem Molecular , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/diagnóstico , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/transmissão , Filogenia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/diagnóstico , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Fatores de Risco
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16392, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374006

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Vandetanib is effective for treating symptomatic or progressive medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) in patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic disease, but its toxicity such as photosensitivity reactions should be considered. It is a rare adverse effect of this drug but might cause severe morbidity and even mortality. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 26-year man with MTC developed phototoxic rashes on the sun-exposed areas of his shin after 15 days from the initiation of vandetanib treatment. Grade II skin toxicity was evaluated based on the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events standard. DIAGNOSES: Drug-induced phototoxic rash. INTERVENTIONS: The vandetanib dose was reduced by 30%, and the application of topical steroids and sunscreen was adopted. OUTCOMES: After dose reduction of vandetanib, the symptoms of vandetanib-induced phototoxic rash resolved, although residual pigmentation was observed. LESSONS: Close attention should be paid to the adverse effect of vandetanib, phototoxic rash, and patients should be advised on the prevention and treatment measures.


Assuntos
Dermatite Fototóxica/etiologia , Piperidinas/efeitos adversos , Quinazolinas/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Humanos , Masculino , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico
5.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(6): 827-834, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29224369

RESUMO

A series of novel aminoalkylated polymethoxyflavonoid derivatives 3-11 was synthesised from 5-hydroxy-3,7,3',4'-tetramethoxyflavonoid (1) through extending alkoxy chain at the 5-position, and introducing amine hydrogen bond receptor at the end of the side chain. Their antiproliferative activities were evaluated in vitro on a panel of three human cancer cell lines (Hela, HCC1954 and SK-OV-3). The results showed that all the target compounds exhibited antiproliferative activities against investigated cancer cells with IC50 values of 9.51-53.33 µM. Compounds 5, 7, 8, 11 on Hela cells and compounds 4-9, 11 on HCC1954 exhibited more potency as compared to positive control cis-Platin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/síntese química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 83(1): 71-79, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30357449

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Insufficient serum metabolite concentrations of tamoxifen can compromise treatment efficacy in patients with breast cancer. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to explore correlations between cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6*10 gene polymorphisms and serum concentrations of tamoxifen and its active metabolites in patients with breast cancer in Asia. METHODS: The study included a systematic literature search for cohort studies published before March 2018 in English databases (PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science) and Chinese databases (Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure and Wan Fang database). The meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. Pooled means and standard deviations were calculated with 95% confidence intervals. Publication bias and sensitivity analyses were also performed using STATA 14.0. RESULTS: In total, 7 studies and 552 patients were included in the meta-analysis. Serum concentrations of endoxifen were significantly different in each CYP2D6*10 genotype group (p < 0.05). The CC genotype was associated with higher concentrations of 4-OH-TAM than the CT/TT genotype (p < 0.05). However, there were no statistically significant between-group differences in serum concentrations of TAM (p > 0.05). Publication bias and sensitivity analyses confirmed that the meta-analysis results were stable and reliable. CONCLUSIONS: CYP2D6*10 polymorphisms influence the pharmacokinetics of tamoxifen in patients with breast cancer in Asia.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Citocromo P-450 CYP2D6/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Tamoxifeno/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Ásia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Distribuição Tecidual , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1007, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30356711

RESUMO

Background: Studies have shown that perioperative inflammatory response is one of the important factors that caused postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). Ulinastatin is a broad-spectrum protease inhibitor that inhibits inflammatory. We investigated the effects of ulinastatin on inflammatory response and early postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing spinal surgery. Methods: This clinical trial was approved by the Xuanwu Hospital Ethical Committee (Registration number: ChiCTR-IPR-16008931). Sixty elderly patients undergoing elective spinal surgery with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status of I-II were randomized into ulinastatin and control groups; total intravenous anesthesia was performed. The elderly patients in ulinastatin group underwent intravenous infusion of ulinastatin 10,000 units/kg following anesthesia induction and before surgical incision, and 5000 units/kg on post-operative days 1 and 2. Cognitive function was determined with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) test preoperatively and on post-operative day 7 by a neurologist. Serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), and matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9) concentration levels were measured at baseline, the end of surgery, and on post-operative days 1 and 3. Results: All elderly patients completed the study. Ulinastatin infusion significantly reduced the incidence of POCD in elderly patients undergoing spine surgery (ulinastatin group 16% vs. control group 43%, χ 2 = 5.079, P = 0.024, P < 0.05). The elderly patients in ulinastatin group exhibited lower serum LPS, IL-6, CRP, and MMP-9 concentrations, as well as a shortened peak value duration, compared with those in the control group following surgery (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Systemic inflammation and translocation of LPS were inhibited by the infusion of ulinastatin in elderly patients undergoing spinal surgery. The anti-inflammation intervention with ulinastatin can significantly improve the elderly patients' postoperative cognitive function.

9.
Comb Chem High Throughput Screen ; 21(10): 801-805, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer (EC) is a common digestive system tumor, characterized by high invasion, apparent lethality, and poor prognosis. Direct diffusion is the major metastatic mechanism of early EC, whereas advanced EC is spread mainly by lymphatic metastasis, but also can be transferred to the liver, lungs, bones, and so on, by hematogenous metastasis. The incidence of bone metastasis in esophageal cancer is low, and maxillary metastasis of EC is more rare. OBJECTIVE: To explore the differential diagnosis in ECMM, the rare metastasis of EC, and the possible mechanisms and predictors of bone metastasis. METHODS: The clinical materials of a male patient with maxillary metastasis of esophageal cancer (ECMM) were analyzed. Then, the possible mechanism of the ECMM was discussed. CONCLUSION: ECMM may belong to the hematogenous metastasis. The early detection of rare sites of metastasis of EC should be prioritized in tumor marker detection, imaging, pathology, and other diagnostic techniques.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Idoso , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Onco Targets Ther ; 10: 3071-3081, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28790841

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A retrospective study was performed to analyze the relationship between uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) *6/*28 gene polymorphisms and adverse reactions associated with irinotecan (CPT-11)-based chemotherapy. The correlation between UGT1A1 polymorphisms and the clinical efficacy of CPT-11 was also analyzed, along with the influence of age and tumor type. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients administered a CPT-11-based regimen in the Beijing Cancer Hospital from April 2015 to September 2016 were included in our study (n=81). Blood samples for detecting UGT1A1 were collected from each patient after various administration regimens. RESULTS: Colorectal cancer patients with the UGT1A1*6 mutant genotype had a significantly higher risk of severe delayed diarrhea than that of wild-type individuals when administered a CPT-11 dose ≥130 mg/m2 (P=0.042); the same phenomenon was observed when the UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 mutant genotypes were considered together (P=0.028). However, in lung cancer patients administered a low dose of CPT-11, UGT1A1*6/*28 variants were not significantly associated with severe neutropenia or delayed diarrhea. Furthermore, adult patients with the UGT1A1*6 mutation were more likely to develop severe delayed diarrhea than did wild-type adults (P=0.013); however, the difference was not significant in elderly patients. No significant differences in tumor response were found among the different genotypes (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Thus, age and tumor type influence our ability to predict adverse reactions based on UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms in cancer patients. Further, UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms are not correlated with the efficacy of CPT-11-based regimens.

11.
Ultrastruct Pathol ; 41(3): 245-251, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28414554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the antitumour efficacy of pachymic acid (PA), which is a fungal extract component, on nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) cells CNE-1, CNE-2. METHODS: We have chosen NPC cell line CNE-2 for the study, and the cells were treated with PA before the detection. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the proliferative ability, and Annexin V-PI double staining was used for the detection of apoptosis rate; and the nucleus damage was detected by transmission electron microscope, the protein expression of the DNA damage pathway were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: PA can significantly inhibited proliferation of CNE-1, CNE-2 cells. The proportion of apoptotic cells of all cell lines gradually increased in a dose-dependent manner induced by PA, P < 0.05. Meanwhile, the nucleus could be caused morphological changes and the expression of DNA damage-related proteins was upregulated by PA in CNE-2. CONCLUSIONS: PA can significantly inhibit cell proliferation and increase the apoptosis rates and may induce the apoptosis of the human NPC cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Contagem de Células/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Med Sci Monit ; 23: 1842-1848, 2017 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28412762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sleep duration and bedtime on sperm health, and the possible mechanism involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS We randomly divided 981 healthy Chinese men into groups according to research-set bedtimes (A=8-10 PM, B=after 10 PM, and C=after midnight) and sleep durations: group 1=<6.0 h (short), group 2=7.0-8.0 h (average), and group 3=>9.0 h (long). Sperm morphology, count, survival, and motility were examined according to sleep patterns. Antisperm antibody (ASA) production in semen was determined. RESULTS Sperm counts and their survival rates were lower in the short sleepers as compared to others within each group (all P<0.01). The lower counts and survival rates were observed in different bedtimes, with significant differences found between measurements of C1 vs. A1 and C2 vs. A2 or B2 (all P<0.05 or 0.01). Semen motility was lower in the short sleepers as compared to the average and long sleepers (all P<0.01). There were differences in the bedtime-related results between measurements of C1 vs. A1 or B1 (P<0.05 or 0.01). Additionally, the population proportion for the ASA-positive participates and incidence of the ASA-expressed population obviously increased in the short sleepers as compared to others within each group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Short and long sleep durations and late bedtime were associated with impaired sperm health in the study cohort, partly through increasing ASA production in the semen.


Assuntos
Sêmen/fisiologia , Privação do Sono/imunologia , Espermatozoides/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Formação de Anticorpos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sêmen/imunologia , Sono/imunologia , Privação do Sono/patologia , Motilidade Espermática , Espermatozoides/citologia
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25121833

RESUMO

The influence of topography and Pleistocenic climatic fluctuations on the population genetic structure of amphibians in the Tsinling-Dabieshan Mountains of China is poorly investigated. Hyla tsinlingensis is a tree frog endemic to the Tsinling-Dabieshan Mountains, with a restricted and patchy distribution that is currently shrinking. We speculated on the evolutionary history of amphibians in this region by studying the population genetic structure of H. tsinlingensis. Using a total of 212 samples, 32 haplotypes and four haplogroups were found in the present study. Population genetic structure showed significant differentiation (F(ST)) between most populations of H. tsinlingensis in the Tsinling-Dabieshan Mountains. An analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) suggested that most of the observed genetic variation occurs between the two regions (the Tsinling and Dabieshan Mountains). Mantel tests indicated that the genetic divergence was induced through isolation by distance. Using Monmonier's maximum difference algorithm to predict the genetic barrier, two putative barriers in gene flow that separate lineages of H. tsinlingensis were identified. Mismatch distribution and neutrality tests found a sudden population expansion in all haplogroups except the Tsinling population and total population. This population expansion was identified between 0.5 Myr to 0.1 Myr (Quaternary) by Bayesian skyline plot (BSP). Divergence dating indicated the divergence time between the Tsinling population and Dabieshan population to be 3.26 MYA (Pliocene). In conclusion, the topography of the Tsinling and Dabieshan Mountains exerts a significant impact on the population genetic structure of H. tsinlingensis, and climatic oscillations during glacial periods in the Quaternary affected the distribution of H. tsinlingensis.


Assuntos
Anuros/genética , Evolução Molecular , Genes Mitocondriais , Especiação Genética , Filogenia , Animais , Anuros/classificação , Filogeografia
14.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 17(9): 984-8, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26412184

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of caffeine citrate on myelin basic protein (MBP) expression in the cerebral white matter of neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) and the related mechanism. METHODS: Forty-eight seven-day-old Sprague-Dawley neonatal rats were randomly assigned to 3 groups: sham operation (n=16), HIBD (n=16) and HIBD+caffeine citrate (n=16). The rats in the HIBD and HIBD+caffeine citrate groups were subjected to left common carotid artery ligation, and then were exposed to 80 mL/L oxygen and 920 mL/L nitrogen for 2 hours to induce HIBD. The rats in the sham operation group were only subjected to a sham operation, without the left common carotid artery ligation or hypoxia exposure. Caffeine citrate (20 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally before hypoxia ischemia (HI) and immediately, 24 hours, 48 hours and 72 hours after HI. The other two groups were injected intraperitoneally with an equal volume of normal saline at the corresponding time points. On postnatal day 12, the expression of MBP in the left subcortical white matter was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the levels of adenosine A1 receptor mRNA and A2a receptor mRNA in the left brain were detected by real-time PCR. RESULTS: The expression of MBP in the left subcortical white matter in the HIBD group was lower than in the sham operation group (P<0.05). The MBP expression in the HIBD+caffeine citrate group was significantly higher than in the HIBD group, but was still lower than the sham operation group (P<0.05). Real-time PCR showed that the adenosine A1 receptor mRNA expression was significantly higher in the HIBD group than in the sham operation group, and it was significantly lower in the HIBD+caffeine citrate group than in the HIBD group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Caffeine citrate can improve brain white matter damage following HIBD in neonatal rats and the protection mechanism might be related with the down-regulation of adenosine A1 receptor expression.


Assuntos
Cafeína/farmacologia , Citratos/farmacologia , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína Básica da Mielina/análise , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Feminino , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Masculino , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor A1 de Adenosina/genética , Receptor A2A de Adenosina/genética , Substância Branca/química
15.
Zhong Yao Cai ; 38(7): 1408-12, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26946836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the difference between Polygala tenuifolia root bark and root using HPLC fingerprint analysis and active components determination. METHODS: Three main characteristic components including tenuifolin, polygalaxanthone III, and 3, 6'-disinapoly sucrose in different Polygala tenuifolia samples were determined by HPLC. The fingerprint methods were optimized. Then, the similarity evaluation and multivariate statistical analysis were applied in the post-processing data analysis. RESULTS: There was a high similarity in 15 batches of Polygala tenuifolia samples and its similarity coefficient was greater than 0. 9. The Polygala tenuifolia root bark and root could be clearly separated by the cluster analysis and/or the principal component analysis due to significant differences of the contents of polygalaxanthone III and 3 ,6'-disinapoly sucrose. In addition, the result of scatter plot showed that there was a high variation of tenuifolin content among all samples. The contents range of polygalaxanthone III and 3,6'-disinapoly sucrose in root bark varied relatively slight,while the content range of polygalaxanthone III in roots varied largely. Moreover,the stacked plots suggested that it was not reasonable to evaluate the quality of Polygala tenuifolia only by a single ingredient. Conclusion:The content of 3 ,6'-disinapoly sucrose varies more largely than the other two active components in Polygala tenuifolia root bark and root. Polygala tenuifolia root bark and root should be selected for different clinical treatment to ensure the accuracy of its clinical use.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Casca de Planta/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Polygala/química , Diterpenos de Caurano/análise , Glicosídeos/análise , Plantas Medicinais/química , Xantonas/análise
16.
Int J Neurosci ; 125(7): 501-6, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25105909

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) characterized as the decline of memory and executive function after major surgery is not well illustrated. The aim of this study is to discover whether inflammatory cytokines and urinary trypsin inhibitor (uTi) contribute to the development of POCD. METHOD: Sixty-three patients undergoing lumber discectomy and 47 age-matched control volunteers were involved in this study. The level of C-reaction protein (CRP) and uTi/urine creatinine (Ucr) was measured by immunoturbidimetry and enzyme-inhibition assay, respectively. Meanwhile, ELISA was involved to detect the level of IL-6, IL-10, MMP-9 in serum. Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test was used to determine the cognitive decline of the patients and age-matched controls. RESULT: In POCD group, the level of IL-6, IL-10, CRP, MMP-9 in serum and uTi /Ucr in urine was significantly higher than that in the group without POCD. The POCD was more frequently observed in elderly group than in the middle-aged group (43.75% versus 19.35%, p = 0.038). After logistic regression analysis adjusted by the age, only serum CRP at 72 h postoperation and urinary uTi /Ucr at 24 h postoperation were the independent risk factors of POCD. CONCLUSION: Age-related increasing proinflammatory postoperation may result in higher occurrence of POCD in the elderly. Additionally, patients with extremely high concentrations of CRP in serum at 72 h postoperation and uTi /Ucr in urine at 24 h postoperation are more likely to experience POCD, especially in the elderly.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Transtornos Cognitivos/sangue , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Glicoproteínas/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/sangue , Entrevista Psiquiátrica Padronizada , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 15(8): 14891-906, 2014 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25153638

RESUMO

Many heavy metals are essential for metabolic processes, but are toxic at elevated levels. Metal tolerance proteins provide resistance to this toxicity. In this study, we identified and characterized a heavy metal-associated protein, AcHMA1, from the halophyte, Atriplex canescens. Sequence analysis has revealed that AcHMA1 contains two heavy metal binding domains. Treatments with metals (Fe, Cu, Ni, Cd or Pb), PEG6000 and NaHCO3 highly induced AcHMA1 expression in A. canescens, whereas NaCl and low temperature decreased its expression. The role of AcHMA1 in metal stress tolerance was examined using a yeast expression system. Expression of the AcHMA1 gene significantly increased the ability of yeast cells to adapt to and recover from exposure to excess iron. AcHMA1 expression also provided salt, alkaline, osmotic and oxidant stress tolerance in yeast cells. Finally, subcellular localization of an AcHMA1/GFP fusion protein expressed in tobacco cells showed that AcHMA1 was localized in the plasma membrane. Thus, our results suggest that AcHMA1 encodes a membrane-localized metal tolerance protein that mediates the detoxification of iron in eukaryotes. Furthermore, AcHMA1 also participates in the response to abiotic stress.


Assuntos
Ferro/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
18.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 34(2): 401-4, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24822409

RESUMO

In the present study, the carboxyl content of oxidized starch was determined by FTIR spectroscopy. Standard curve was drawn in which the ordinate was carboxyl content determined by national standard method with the ratio of carbonyl absorbance to the key of C-H absorbance in FTIR spectroscopy as the abscissa. The ratio of absorbance of unknown oxidized starch tested by FTIR spectroscopy was obtained, The carboxyl content was calculated by standard curve, and then compared with the carboxyl content determined by national standard method, and the deviation is between 2% and 4%. In order to improve the accuracy of the experiment, standard sample was selected to draw standard curve to better ensure that the carboxyl content of the unknown oxidized starch is in the range of standard curve calculation limit, and deviates from the limit of standard curve. Compared with the carboxyl content determined by national standard method, testing with FTIR spectroscopy is simple, easy to operate, and of high efficiency and better accuracy. So, it is significant to forecast the carboxyl content of oxidized starch by FTIR spectroscopy.


Assuntos
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Amido/química , Oxirredução
19.
Bing Du Xue Bao ; 30(1): 37-43, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24772896

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the characteristics of genomic variation of pandemic A/H1N1/2009 influenza virus isolated in Fujian Province, China. Complete genome sequence analysis was performed on 14 strains of pandemic A/H1N1/2009 influenza virus isolated from Fujian during 2009-2012. All virus strains were typical low-pathogenic influenza viruses, with resistance to amantadine and sensitivity to neuraminidase inhibitors. Eight genome fragments of all strains were closely related to those of A/California/07/2009 (H1N1) vaccine strain, with > or = 98.2% homology. Compared with the vaccine strain, the influenza strains from Fujian had relatively large variation, and variation was identified at 11 amino acid sites of the HA gene of A/Fujiangulou/SWL1155/2012 strain, including 4 sites (H138R, L161I, S185T, and S203T) involved inthree antigen determinants (Ca, Sa, and Sb). In conclusion, the influenza vaccine has a satisfactory protective effect on Fujian population, but the influenza strains from Fujian in 2012 has antigenic drift compared with the vaccine strain, more attention should therefore be paid to the surveillance of mutations of pandemic A/H1N1/2009 influenza virus.


Assuntos
Genômica , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/genética , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/fisiologia , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Antivirais/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Viral/genética , Genoma Viral/genética , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/efeitos dos fármacos , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
20.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 16(3): 290-4, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24661524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of erythropoietin (EPO) on the neuronal proliferation and apoptosis in neonatal rats after infection-induced brain injury and the neuroprotective mechanism of EPO in neonatal rats with infection-induced brain injury. METHODS: Twenty-six two-day-old neonatal rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group (intraperitoneally given an equal volume of normal saline), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group (intraperitoneally given LPS 0.6 mg/kg), and EPO group (intraperitoneally given LPS 0.6 mg/kg and EPO 5 000 U/kg). These groups were injected with respective drugs for 5 consecutive days. Meanwhile, each group was intraperitoneally injected with 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) (50 mg/kg) once a day for 5 consecutive days. The expression of BrdU and cleaved Caspase-3 in the hippocampal dentate gyrus was detected by immunohistochemistry at 24 hours after the last injection. RESULTS: The number of neuronal cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus in the LPS and EPO groups was significantly greater than in the control group (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the LPS and EPO groups. The EPO group had a significantly higher number of BrdU-positive cells in the subgranular zone of hippocampal dentate gyrus than the LPS group (51±9 vs 29±6; P<0.05), but a significantly lower number of BrdU-positive cells than the control group (51±9 vs 67±12; P<0.05). The EPO group had a significantly lower number of cleaved Caspase-3-positive cells in the subgranular zone of hippocampal dentate gyrus than the LPS group (27.9±1.5 vs 34.0±1.3; P<0.05), but a significantly higher number of cleaved Caspase-3-positive cells than the control group (27.9±1.5 vs 21.0±1.7; P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EPO can promote hippocampal neuronal proliferation and reduce neuronal apoptosis in neonatal rats after infection-induced brain injury.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Encefalopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Eritropoetina/farmacologia , Hipocampo/patologia , Neurônios/patologia , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Encefalopatias/patologia , Bromodesoxiuridina/metabolismo , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritropoetina/uso terapêutico , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA