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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 476-483, Sept. 2021. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339188

RESUMO

Resumo Fundamento: A doença cardiovascular é a principal causa de morte em todo o mundo. A apoptose mediada por hipóxia em cardiomiócitos é uma das principais causas de distúrbios cardiovasculares. O tratamento com a proteína do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF, do inglês vascular endothelial growth factor) foi testado, mas as dificuldades operacionais limitaram seu uso. Entretanto, com os avanços da terapia gênica, aumentou o interesse na terapia gênica baseada no VEGF em doenças cardiovasculares. No entanto, o mecanismo preciso pelo qual a reposição de VEGF resgata os danos pós-hipóxia em cardiomiócitos não é conhecido. Objetivos: Investigar o efeito da expressão de VEGF121 pós-hipóxia utilizando cardiomiócitos de ratos neonatos. Métodos: Cardiomiócitos isolados de ratos neonatos foram utilizados para estabelecer um modelo in vitro de lesão cardíaca induzida por hipóxia. O efeito da superexpressão de VEGF, isolado ou em conjunto com inibidores de moléculas pequenas que têm como alvo os canais de cálcio, receptores sensíveis ao cálcio (CaSR, do inglês calcium-sensitive receptors) e calpaína, no crescimento e proliferação celular em lesão de cardiomiócitos induzidos por hipóxia, foram determinados com ensaio de MTT, coloração TUNEL, coloração com Anexina V/PI, lactato desidrogenase e atividade da caspase. Para análise estatística, um valor de p<0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: Verificou-se que o efeito do VEGF121 foi mediado por CaSR e calpaína, mas não foi dependente dos canais de cálcio. Conclusões: Nossos resultados, mesmo em um ambiente in vitro, estabelecem as bases para uma validação futura e testes pré-clínicos da terapia gênica baseada em VEGF em doenças cardiovasculares.


Abstract Background: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death worldwide. Hypoxia-mediated apoptosis in cardiomyocytes is a major cause of cardiovascular disorders. Treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein has been tested but operational difficulties have limited its use. However, with the advancements of gene therapy, interest has risen in VEGF-based gene therapy in cardiovascular disorders. However, the precise mechanism by which VEGF replenishment rescues post-hypoxia damage in cardiomyocytes is not known. Objectives: To investigate the effect of post-hypoxia VEGF121 expression using neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Methods: Cardiomyocytes isolated from neonatal rats were used to establish an in vitro model of hypoxia-induced cardiac injury. The effect of VEGF overexpression, alone or in combination with small-molecule inhibitors targeting calcium channel, calcium sensitive receptors (CaSR), and calpain on cell growth and proliferation on hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte injury were determined using an MTT assay, TUNEL staining, Annexin V/PI staining, lactate dehydrogenase and caspase activity. For statistical analysis, a value of P<0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: The effect of VEGF121 was found to be mediated by CaSR and calpain but was not dependent on calcium channels. Conclusions: Our findings, even though using an in vitro setting, lay the foundation for future validation and pre-clinical testing of VEGF-based gene therapy in cardiovascular diseases.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4824-4832, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581094

RESUMO

As one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the world, female breast cancer is induced by the high level of estrogen. Saussureae Involucratae Herba(SIH), a gynecological medicinal, regulates estrogen-induced diseases. However, the therapeutic effect of SIH on breast cancer has not been reported. Therefore, this study aims to explore the potential efficacy of SIH on breast cancer based on in vitro experiment and network pharmacology. The inhibitory effect of SIH water extract on proliferation and migration of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells was examined. The result demonstrated SIH water extract significantly suppressed the proliferation of breast cancer cells(IC_(50)=6.47 mg·mL~(-1)) and also restricted the migration. A total of 39 components of SIH were retrieved from traditional Chinese medicine database(TCMD) and 160 targets of SIH were screened by target fishing with the PharmaDB database. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM) was used to establish a 1 001-targets data set of breast cancer. Based on the overlaps(45) of targets between SIH and breast cancer, a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was built to analyze the interactions among these targets with STRING platform and Cytoscape. Finally, through topology and GO and KEGG analysis, 8 targets, 101 pathways and 85 biological processes were found to involve the treatment of breast cancer by SIH. SIH may exert the anti-breast cancer effect by regulating cell cycle, inhibiting proliferation, migration and adhesion of cancer cells, and modulating estrogen receptor. This study clarified the mechanism of SIH in treating breast cancer, which lays a foundation for the further development of SIH.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
3.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 117(3): 476-483, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34550233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death worldwide. Hypoxia-mediated apoptosis in cardiomyocytes is a major cause of cardiovascular disorders. Treatment with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein has been tested but operational difficulties have limited its use. However, with the advancements of gene therapy, interest has risen in VEGF-based gene therapy in cardiovascular disorders. However, the precise mechanism by which VEGF replenishment rescues post-hypoxia damage in cardiomyocytes is not known. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of post-hypoxia VEGF121 expression using neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. METHODS: Cardiomyocytes isolated from neonatal rats were used to establish an in vitro model of hypoxia-induced cardiac injury. The effect of VEGF overexpression, alone or in combination with small-molecule inhibitors targeting calcium channel, calcium sensitive receptors (CaSR), and calpain on cell growth and proliferation on hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte injury were determined using an MTT assay, TUNEL staining, Annexin V/PI staining, lactate dehydrogenase and caspase activity. For statistical analysis, a value of P<0.05 was considered to be significant. RESULTS: The effect of VEGF121 was found to be mediated by CaSR and calpain but was not dependent on calcium channels. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings, even though using an in vitro setting, lay the foundation for future validation and pre-clinical testing of VEGF-based gene therapy in cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Animais , Hipóxia , Mitocôndrias , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Ratos , Receptores de Detecção de Cálcio/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3970-3979, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472274

RESUMO

The traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) for activating blood circulation and the TCM for regulating Qi are often used in combination in clinical practice. However, their mechanisms are still unclear. The activity spectrum of targets can fuse the active components, targets and intensity of action, which provides support for the discussion of efficacy targets. The chemical components of common TCM sets for activating blood circulation and regulating Qi, as well as the negative sets not for activating blood circulation and re-gulating Qi were obtained from the database of TCM. By the similarity analysis of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation and DrugBank database, the predicted targets of chemical components in TCM for activating blood circulation were obtained, and the similarity value of the two was taken as the activity value of the active components and predicted targets. Then, the component-target activity value was weighted. The activity values of herb acting on the same target were fused to construct activity spectra of targets of the herbs for activating blood circulation, herbs for regulating Qi and negative herbs. The targets whose activity values of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi were higher than those of negative herbs were selected as potential targets of efficacy. Protein-protein interaction networks were constructed for topological, GO and KEGG enrichment analysis to determine the key targets of efficacy of activating blood circulation and regulating Qi. The component-target activity information collected from DrugBank database contained 4 499 compounds, 627 targets and 11 295 action relationships. The activating blood function protein-protein interaction network contained 206 nodes and 1 728 edges, while the regulating Qi function protein-protein interaction network contained 230 nodes and 986 edges. The enrichment analysis of topology, GO and KEGG showed that TCM for activating blood circulation mainly exerted its anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and angiogenic effects on signaling cascade pathway mediated by VEGF/VEGFR2, ERK signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3), proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src(SRC), mitogen activated protein kinases 1(MAPK1), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha isoform(PIK3 CA), peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor gamma(PPARG), nitric oxide synthase 3(NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthetase 2(PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP9), and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA). TCM for regulating Qi mainly exerted anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects by acting on MAPK signaling pathway and PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and the key targets included mitogen activated protein kinases 8(MAPK8), SRC, mitogen activated protein kinases 14(MAPK14), and RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), mitogen activated protein kinases 3(MAPK3). Based on the activity spectrum of targets, the targets of the TCM for activating blood and the targets of the TCM for regulating Qi were analyzed to provide reference for the study of efficacy targets of TCM, and also provide some scientific basis for clinical application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Qi , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4238-4243, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467738

RESUMO

Wuwei Ganlu, a formula for medicated bath, consists of medicinal materials of Ephedra sinica, Platycladus orientalis, Myricaria squamosa, Artemisia carvifolia, and Rhododendron anthopogonoides, which is effective in inducing perspiration, resisting inflammation, relieving pain, regulating yellow water disease, and activating blood circulation. On this basis, a variety of formulas for Tibetan medicated bath have been derived for the treatment of diseases in internal organs, joints, nerves, etc. Modern studies have confirmed that Wuwei Ganlu has a good therapeutic efficacy on knee osteoarthritis(KOA). The present study explored the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Firstly, the chemical components of Wuwei Ganlu were obtained through literature mining and database retrieval, and corresponding potential targets were predicted according to the BATMAN-TCM database. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was obtained after the potential targets were input into the STRING database. The network function modules were analyzed by the Molecular Complex Detection(MCODE) algorithm, and the functions of the modules were annotated to analyze the action mode of Wuwei Ganlu. Secondly, the related targets of KOA were collected through the DisGeNET database, and the overlapping targets were confirmed to analyze the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA. Finally, the key targets were selected for molecular docking with the main components of Wuwei Ganlu to verify the component-target interaction. A total of 550 chemical components and 1 365 potential targets of Wuwei Ganlu were obtained. PPI analysis indicated that this formula could exert the effects of oxidation-reduction, inflammation resistance, bone absorption, bone mineralization, etc. Nineteen common targets were obtained from the intersection of potential targets of Wuwei Ganlu and KOA disease targets. It was found that the Wuwei Ganlu mainly acts on nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB), interleukin-1 beta(IL1ß), tumor necrosis factor(TNF), IL6, IL1 receptor antagonist(IL1 RN), and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase-2(PTGS2) to treat KOA. Among the 550 chemical components of Wuwei Ganlu, 252 potential active components were docked with TNF and 163 with PTGS2, indicating good binding of the components with potential key targets. The study preliminarily explored the mechanism of Wuwei Ganlu in treating KOA to provide a reference for the further development and utilization of Tibetan medicated bath that has been included in the UN Intangible Cultural Heritage.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Inflamação , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422071

RESUMO

The current study was designed to investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of warm acupuncture combined with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) transplantation on cartilage tissue injury in rabbit knee osteoarthritis (KOA). In the study, 50 rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups: blank group, KOA group, warm acupuncture group, BMSCs group, and warm acupuncture combined with BMSCs group. After warm acupuncture combined with BMSCs, the Modified Lequesne MG knee joint assessment scale was used to evaluate the degree of knee joint behavior, the Taiping Peng method generally observed the histomorphology changes of KOA rabbit cartilage, and hematoxylin-eosin staining, safranin O green staining, and toluidine blue staining were conducted to evaluate the extent of cartilage tissue pathology. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy and TUNEL staining were used to observe cell apoptosis, and immunohistochemistry and qPCR analysis were used to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins and mRNA. Results showed that administration of warm acupuncture combined with BMSCs recovered the joint function and significantly decreased Lequesne MG score. The degree of cartilage tissue pathological damage has been improved, cartilage ultrastructure degeneration has recovered, peripheral blood vessels have mild edema, blood supply has gradually recovered, and even small amounts of red blood cells have appeared. In addition, warm acupuncture combined with BMSCs treatment suppressed chondrocyte apoptosis in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis by reduced TUNEL-positive chondrocytes and simultaneously reversed the mRNA expression of Bax, Bcl-2, and Caspase-3. These results indicate that warm acupuncture combined with BMSCs transplantation has a potential protective effect on rabbit KOA, which may be mediated by inhibiting chondrocyte apoptosis.

7.
Neuropharmacology ; 191: 108584, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933475

RESUMO

Sevoflurane exposure in neonates induces long-term impairment of learning and memory; however, its effect on cognition in the later developmental period and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In the present study, we showed that multiple sevoflurane exposures impaired fear memory at long retention delays in neonatal (postnatal day 7) and preadolescent mice (postnatal day 22), but not in mice at older ages. After the fear memory test, expression of phosphorylated extracellular signaling-regulated kinase (p-ERK) and c-fos were elevated in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and central amygdala, but not in the hippocampus or prefrontal cortex. The upregulation of p-ERK was restricted to populations of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABAergic) neurons and was inhibited by multiple sevoflurane exposures. Intra-BNST injection of ERK inhibitor also impaired fear memory at long retention delays. In contrast, intra-BNST injection of ERK agonist attenuated impaired fear memory caused by repeated sevoflurane exposures. Injection of sevoflurane in the BNST but not the caudate putamen impaired the fear memory at long retention delays in preadolescent mice. Finally, chemogenetic activation of BNST GABAergic neurons by designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drug (DREADD) reversed the impaired fear memory at long retention delays by multiple sevoflurane exposures. These findings suggest that multiple sevoflurane exposures impaired fear memory at long retention delays in preadolescent mice by suppressing the ERK signaling in GABAergic neurons in the BNST.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23703, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530172

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic non-specific intestinal inflammatory disease with unknown etiology. In recent years, the global incidence has been increasing. Sijunzi decoction (SJZD) is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for treatment of other diseases in previous studies as it has no side effects and it has a pharmacological effect in gastrointestinal function, immune system, ulcers, and tissue repair. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, GeenMedical, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Sci-tech Journals full-text Database, Chinese Biomedical Database, and Chinese Science Citation Database were searched to screen the related literatures of "ulcerative colitis" and "Jiawei Sijunzi decoction". The research data extracted from above studies was analyzed by Review Manager 5.3 and Stata14.2 software. RESULTS: This systematic review and meta-analysis will evaluate the efficacy and safety of Jiawei SJZD in the treatment of UC and provide effective evidence for clinical use. CONCLUSION: In this study, the published evidence of modified SJZD in the treatment of UC was systematically summarized and evaluated, so that it can be better applied in clinic. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY2020100102.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 271: 113833, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465437

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Si-Miao-Yong-An decoction (SMYAD), a classical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, has been used to treat various cardiovascular diseases in clinics. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to investigate the effective combinatorial components from SMYAD and its mechanism regarding the intervention on myocardial hypertrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SMYAD constituents absorbed in rat plasma and heart were identified using UHPLC Q-Exactive-Orbitrap MS/MS. The identified constituents in SMYAD were further analyzed using ADMET (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity) prediction and molecular docking. The effective constituents were identified using isoproterenol (ISO)-induced H9c2 cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, and neochlorogenic acid (NCA), chlorogenic acid (CA), cryptochlorogenic acid (CCA), isochlorogenic acid C (ICAC), angoroside C (AGDC), isochlorogenic acid A (ICAA), sweroside (SRD), and harpagide (HPD) in SMYAD extract were quantified by HPLC for compatibility. Finally, anti-hypertrophic activities of candidate effective combinatorial components, which were prepared according to the determined molar concentration ratio of effective constituents using reference substance solution, were analyzed using immunofluorescence staining and Quantitative real-time PCR. The expression levels of PI3Kα, p-ERK, p-Akt, Akt, p-mTOR, mTOR and HIF-1α were measured using Western blot. RESULTS: 32 prototypes of SMYAD were identified from plasma and heart tissue of rat. Combining with ADMET prediction, 31 dominant constituents were focused. Based on HIF-1 pathway identified in preliminary result, 17 targets were focused, which were used to dock with 31 constituents. 27 constituents were therefore hit as the potential effective constituents of SMYAD in inhibiting myocardial hypertrophy. Bioactivity evaluation showed that NCA, CA, CCA, ICAC, AGDC, ICAA, SRD, and HPD significantly inhibited the increase of H9c2 cell surface area induced by ISO. Except for ICAA and AGDC, the remaining 6 effective constituents, showing a certain inhibitory effect on ISO-induced ANP mRNA overexpression at high and low concentrations, participated in compatibility based on the molar concentration ratio determined by HPLC. Effective combinatorial components composed of the 6 effective constituents (effective combinatorial components ABC) showed significant inhibitory effect on the increase of cell surface area, and the overexpression of ANP and ß-MHC mRNA in H9c2 cells induced by ISO. Moreover, effective combinatorial components ABC significantly inhibited the protein overexpressions of p-Akt, p-mTOR and HIF-1α. Based on the results, we put forward the strategy of "Focusing constituents" and "Focusing targets" for the effective constituents research of TCM formula. CONCLUSION: Effective combinatorial components ABC composed of NCA, CA, CCA, ICAC, SRD and HPD from SMYAD inhibited ISO-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and down-regulated expression of ANP and ß-MHC mRNA through the inactivation of Akt/mTOR/HIF-1α pathway.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomegalia/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Animais , Fator Natriurético Atrial/genética , Linhagem Celular , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Plasma/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
10.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(1): 170-183, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910421

RESUMO

Early-life multiple anesthetics exposure causes neurotoxicity and hence cognitive dysfunction on developing brain. However, the effects of early-life multiple sevoflurane exposures on emotional changes, especially upon stress, are far beyond understood. In young male C57BL6/J mice, the present study showed that 3% sevoflurane inhalation for 2 h in three consecutive days did not influence anxiety-like behaviors as measured by open field test, light dark transition, and elevated plus maze test. In addition, foot shocks stress induced both the short- and long-term anxiety-like behaviors. However, triple sevoflurane exposures ameliorated the long-term anxiety-like behaviors induced by the foot shocks. In parallel, foot shocks stress upregulated the expression of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (p-ERK) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor precursor (proBDNF) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), which were significantly inhibited by triple sevoflurane exposures. Immunofluorescence further indicated that the increased p-ERK was mainly expressed in the proBDNF-positive staining cells. Intra-ACC injection of recombinant proBDNF protein upregulated the p-ERK expression and blocked the anxiolytic effect of sevoflurane exposure on long-term anxiety-like behaviors. Therefore, our study demonstrated that multiple sevoflurane exposures alleviate long-term anxiety-like behaviors upon acute stress in young mice by inhibiting proBDNF-ERK signaling in the ACC.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/metabolismo , Ansiedade/patologia , Comportamento Animal , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Precursores de Proteínas/metabolismo , Sevoflurano/farmacologia , Desequilíbrio Ácido-Base/sangue , Desequilíbrio Ácido-Base/complicações , Animais , Ansiedade/sangue , Ansiedade/complicações , Gasometria , Giro do Cíngulo/efeitos dos fármacos , Giro do Cíngulo/metabolismo , Hipóxia/sangue , Hipóxia/complicações , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Neurotox Res ; 38(4): 1063, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948991

RESUMO

Dr. Chang-Qi Li should be added as co-author because Fig. 1 originated from him.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3245-3250, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726036

RESUMO

The quality marker(Q-marker) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is a new concept of TCM quality control proposed in recent years. It is a hot issue in the research of modern Chinese medicine. The TCM efficacy is a high-level summary of the TCM therapeutic effect under the guidance of TCM theory. On this basis, it is of considerable significance to explore the TCM efficacy marker for the TCM modernization. However, the traditional research strategy based on the single herb and decoction piece in macro TCM level, or the drug research strategy based on the biological effect of the targets, is quite different from the characteristics of multiple components of TCM, as well as the weak and low-selective effect of Chinese medicine ingredients on targets. Therefore, how to select representative ingredients to characterize the TCM overall efficacy is a problematic point in establishing TCM efficacy markers. In this paper, the concept and method of Q-marker were introduced into the study of Chinese medicine efficacy. The research method for systematic TCM was used to systematically discuss the connotation of TCM efficacy markers, the principles of discovery and determination, common research ideas and techniques by taking the representative research results as an example. This study provides new ideas for the research and discovery of TCM efficacy markers.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Biomarcadores , Controle de Qualidade , Projetos de Pesquisa
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3251-3258, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726037

RESUMO

This paper aimed to establish efficacy systems of tanshinones and salvianolic acids, two representative substances in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma by using literature mining and biological network construction, based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine theory. The systematic study on the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine was carried out from the basic unit, the structure and relationship between the basic units, the boundary of the research object and the function of the system, so as to explain the overall efficacy of the two kinds of components at the molecular level. Firstly, we collected the elements of the efficacy systems of these two kinds of components by literature mining, and defined their boundaries based on biological processes. After that, the structure of the efficacy systems was clarified according to the relationship in the KEGG database. Finally, the function of the efficacy systems was analyzed from the level of pharmacology, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy, revealing the scientific connotation of traditional Chinese medicine efficacy system. The results showed that there were 201 targets(elements), 12 target sets(boundary), and 12 pathway networks(structure) in salvianolic acids' efficacy system. Meanwhile, there were 189 targets(elements), 11 target sets(boundary), and 11 pathway networks(structure) in tanshinones' efficacy system. The results suggested that the functions of salvia-nolic acids' and tanshinones' efficacy systems were different in pharmacology and pharmacodynamics from aspects of elements, boundary, relationship and structure, but they were same in functional level as both of them could promote blood circulation, remove blood stasis, clear away heart-fire, relieve restlessness, and soothe the nerves. Based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine, we constructed the efficacy system of two representative components in Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma in this paper, elucidated the overall efficacy and builded the bridge between reductionism and holism in traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Ácidos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas , Rizoma
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3259-3265, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726038

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis has been widely used in clinical practice. However, due to the diversity of the composition of traditional Chinese medicine and the complexity of its interaction with human body, it is difficult to apply traditional quality control ingredients to characterize its overall efficacy. Systematic traditional Chinese medicine is an effective method for studying the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine, embodying the dialectical unity of holism and reductionism. Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma is a common traditional Chinese medicine for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. In this study, we constructed a multi-dimensional network of "efficacy-pharmacological efficacy-targets-components" based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine, and discussed the discovery of the efficacy markers of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Firstly, based on the Chinese medicine efficacy-pharmacology database, the most relevant pharmacological actions(boundary) for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis(function) were obtained, and the target sets(structure) of the corresponding pharmacological action were obtained by the DrugBank database. Then, STRING database was used to construct protein-protein interaction network(relationship) of targets related to promoting blood circulation and removing stasis, and key targets(elements) in the network were selected by evaluating topological parameters of targets. Finally, the potential efficacy markers of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were predicted by molecular docking based on the key targets of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. The results demonstrated that salvianolic acid B, salvianolic acid A, tanshinone Ⅱ_A and tanshinone Ⅰ were the potential markers of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma on promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Salvianolic acid B, salvianolic acid A, tanshinone Ⅱ_A had been reported to have anti-platelet aggregation, anti-thrombotic, cardiovascular protection and some other pharmacological functions. Based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine, we have preliminarily predicted the efficacy markers of Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma in promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis in this study, providing a research method for the discovery of efficacy markers and a reference for the overall quality control of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Raízes de Plantas , Rizoma
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3266-3274, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726039

RESUMO

Astragali Radix is the elixir for invigorating Qi, with the effects of invigorating Qi, promoting Yang and nourishing the body. With the deepening researches on the chemical constituents of Astragali Radix, it is used more extensively in clinical application. Based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine theory, in this paper, we characterized the effect of Astragali Radix on invigo-rating Qi from the molecular level, and explored the markers of Astragali Radix on invigorating Qi. Through TCMSP and ChEMBL databases, the active components-targets database of Astragali Radix was constructed to clarify the targets(elements) involved in Astragali Radix's Qi invigorating efficacy system. According to the relationship between the targets, the protein interaction network was constructed, and the network modules(structure) were divided according to the theoretic clustering algorithm molecular complex detection(MCODE), and the boundary of the Qi invigorating efficacy system was defined by the pharmacological function of Astragali Radix. The active components of Astragali Radix for invigorating Qi were characterized from the aspects of composition, target and efficacy. The results showed that eight key components of Astragali Radix, such as hederagenin, quercetin, calycosin, formononetin, jaranol, isorhamnetin, astragalosideⅢ, and 9,10-dimethoxypterocarpan-3-O-ß-D-glucoside, could act on eight functional modules composed of 17 key targets, and participate in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway, regulation of lipid metabolic process, positive regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process, positive regulation of programmed cell death, fatty acid metabolic process and other biological processes to produce pharmacological effects such as regulating immune function, strengthening heart, protecting myocardial cells, improving material metabolism, and antioxidation effects, thus playing the role of invigorating Qi. Based on the systematic Chinese medicine theory, this study explored the effective markers of Astragali Radix at the level of molecular network, which provided new ideas for the interpretation of the effective substance basis of systematic traditional Chinese medicine and the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine. In the future, it can focus on the compatibility research of these components, and then carry out more in-depth studies on the efficacy of Astragali Radix in invigorating Qi, and strengthen the development of the corresponding pharmacological mechanism and related preparations.


Assuntos
Astrágalo (Planta) , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Raízes de Plantas , Qi
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(14): 3275-3281, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726040

RESUMO

Lonicerae Japonicae Flos has a long history of heat-clearing and detoxifying effect. The description of its efficacy in Chinese Pharmacopoeia of past dynasties is relatively stable, and it is an excellent carrier for the study of efficacy markers. Guided by the theory of systematic traditional Chinese medicine, heat-clearing and detoxifying effect efficacy system of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos was taken as an example in this study to clarify the elements(active ingredients) of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying efficacy system, determine the boundary(signal pathway), establish the structure(system dynamics model), identify the system functions corresponding to pharmacology, efficacy and effects(heat-clearing and detoxifying effect), and explore the application of system dynamics model in the discovery of efficacy markers of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the dynamic models of interleukin 1(IL-1) and interleukin 6(IL-6) in vivo were established to predict the expression of related factors in IL-1 and IL-6 signaling pathways of different components and their combinations in Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by dynamic network, so as to find the effective markers of heat-clearing and detoxification of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. The results showed that the lower the concentration of chlorogenic acid, the higher the inhibition rate of Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) at downstream of IL-1 by the combination of chlorogenic acid and linalool; the higher the concentration of luteolin in IL-6 pathway, the higher the inhibition rate of C-reactive protein(CRP) at downstream of IL-6 by the combination of chlorogenic acid and luteolin. It revealed that the potential efficacy markers of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying effect based on IL-1 signaling pathway were chlorogenic acid and linalool, and the potential efficacy markers of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying effect based on IL-6 signaling pathway were chlorogenic acid and luteolin. This study provided methodological guidance for the discovery of efficacy markers of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lonicera , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Temperatura Alta , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Controle de Qualidade
17.
Neurotox Res ; 38(4): 887-899, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588356

RESUMO

Major depressive disorders (MDD) are often comorbid with the gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor precursor (proBDNF) has been reported to contribute to the development of depression in mouse models. However, the role of proBDNF in depression-associated GI disorders is still unrevealed. Mice experienced unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) procedure and were then intraperitoneally injected with fluoxetine (20 mg/kg). Open field test (OFT), forced swimming test (FST), and sucrose preference test (SPT) were performed to evaluate the severity of depression. Oral administration of food dye gel and histological staining were performed to assess GI transit and morphological alterations. QPCR was performed to assess the mRNA levels of inflammatory cytokines. Additionally, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence were performed to examine the expression and cellular localization of proBDNF. It was found that (a) in the peripheral blood, the expression of proBDNF and its receptor pan neurotrophin receptor 75 (p75NTR) in CD11b+ cells in depressive mice was higher than in controls; (b) the GI motility was decreased after the UCMS procedure and partly reversed by fluoxetine treatment; (c) proBDNF/p75NTR was highly expressed in macrophages in the intestinal lamina propria; (d) the upregulated proBDNF/p75NTR and the activated cytokines, including IL (interleukin)-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, and IFN (interferon)-γ, were positively correlated with the depression and GI disorders, and were inhibited by fluoxetine treatment. UCMS procedure upregulated the expression of proBDNF and p75NTR in monocytes/macrophages of peripheral blood and intestinal lamina propria, which may be involved in the pathogenesis of depression-associated GI disorders. Fluoxetine reversed the GI dysfunction, infiltration of macrophages, and upregulation of proBDNF signaling in the depressive mice.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1481-1487, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489024

RESUMO

Since February 2020, a large number of patients infected with new coronavirus has been cured and discharged with the controlling of epidemic. Pulmonary fibrosis, which may be one of the sequela caused by COVID-19, not only brings dyspnea and deterioration of lung function, but also affects patients' life because of its high mortality and poor prognosis. Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor(VEGFR) and fibroblast growth factor receptor(FGFR) can inhibit the proliferation, activation and migration of fibroblasts by regulating the signal transduction pathway involved in the process of pulmonary fibrosis. Chinese herbal formulas pose a good therapeutic effect on pulmonary fibrosis. Present study explores the intervention effect on pulmonary fibrosis of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) by screening the potential inhibitors of VEGFR and FGFR. The docking models of VEGFR and FGFR were established to obtain the potential active ingredients which were filtered by the docking score. According to 2 prescriptions in the Protocol for the diagnosis and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019(7th edition)and 9 prescriptions in Traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions for treating blight, 959 and 1 047 potential ingredients were obtained as the inhibitors of VEGFR and FGFR respectively with the screening thres-hold set as eighty percent of the docking score of the initial ligands. The potential herbs were then filtered by the components with a hit rate higher than 30%, such as Scutellariae Radix, Adenophorae Radix, Pinelliae Rhizoma, Coicis Semen, etc. To discuss the rule of TCM in the treatment of pulmonary fibrosis, the networks of TCM-channel tropism and TCM-efficacy of the potential herbs was constructed. The potential herbs for treating pulmonary fibrosis mostly belong to lung(degree=14) and spleen(degree value=8), and the efficacy is focused on reinforcing deficiency(degree=9). Qiyin Prescription and Buzhong Yiqi Decoction contain the largest number of the potential herbs. The main symptom of COVID-19 is damp-heat stagnating in the lung, which always causes impairment of body fluid and Qi. Clinical observation shows that patients in the recovery period are mostly at the status that the remaining virus toxicity is not exhausted while the vital Qi have not recovered. The results of this study are expected to provide references for clinical medication in preventing and treating pulmonary fibrosis caused by COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Fibrose Pulmonar , COVID-19 , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , SARS-CoV-2
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(2): 267-273, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237308

RESUMO

In this study, the texture analyzer acupuncture pressure sensor was used to objectively characterize the "herb soaking with exact amount of water" for moistening process of ginseng. The single factor rotation experiment was used to investigate the effects of puncture speed, puncture depth and puncture site on puncture force and work. According to ginseng processing method in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, ginseng medicinal materials with diameters of about 1 cm and 2 cm were selected, and puncture experiments were carried out at the set measurement time to determine the hardness, work and water absorption of the ginseng moistening process. The endpoint threshold for the ginseng softening process was determined and verified. To reflect the actual internal conditions of the ginseng softening process, the puncture depth was preferably 70%, and the puncture speed was 30 mm·min~(-1). In the ginseng moistening process, the softening hardness and the puncture work were in accordance with the first-order kinetic equation y=a×exp(-k×x). The 0 h initial hardness a of 1 cm and 2 cm ginseng herbs were 289.8 N and 1 227 N, and the rate constants K were 0.149 4 N·h~(-1) and 0.100 7 N·h~(-1), respectively. After the ginseng was completely softened, the force required for puncture was 10 N, which can be used as the standard for "drug penetration". At this time, the water absorption rate of ginseng was 70%-100%. The softening time of ginseng with a diameter of 1 cm was about 20-22 h, and the softening time of ginseng with a diameter of 2 cm was about 40-46 h. A needle-type pressure sensor was used to accurately determine the end point of the softening process of ginseng and reduce the loss of active ingredients. The study results provide reference for the softening process kinetics and the process intelligent monitoring of other dried roots and rhizomes.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Panax , Tecnologia Farmacêutica , Raízes de Plantas , Rizoma , Água
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(4): 923-931, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237495

RESUMO

With the widespread use of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and the integration of TCM and western medicine, drug-drug interaction(DDI) is considered as a major cause of therapeutic failures and side effects. Cytochrome P450 enzymes(CYPs) are responsible for large number of drug metabolism. CYP3 A4 and CYP2 D6, two important CYP isoforms, are responsible for about 80% drug metabolism of CYPs super family. The inhibition of CYPs is likely to be the most common factor leading to adverse DDI. Therefore, it is of great significance to predict potential CYP3 A4 and CYP2 D6 inhibitors to prevent the DDI. A fast and low-cost me-thod for calculating and predicting CYP inhibiting components was established in this paper, namely support vector machine(SVM) and molecular docking technology which are used to predict and screen drugs. Firstly, 12 qualitative models of two targets were established by using SVM, and the optimal model was selected to predict the compounds in traditional Chinese medicine database(TCMD). Then, molecular docking technology was used to establish docking model. By analyzing the key amino acids involved in drug-target interactions and combining with SVM model, potential inhibitors of CYP3 A4 and CYP2 D6 were found. From the computational results, astin D and epiberberine exhibited inhibition effect on CYP3 A4 and CYP2 D6, respectively. Astin D was only found in astins family from Aster tataricus, while epiberberine was considered to be the active constituent of Coptidis Rhizoma. Therefore, for the risk of DDI, extra attention should be paid to the source of these potential inhibitors, Asteris Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma. This computational method provides technical support for discovering potential natural inhibitors of CYPs from Chinese herbs by using SVM and molecular docking model, and it is also helpful to recognize the CYPs-mediated DDI existing in TCM, providing research ideas for further pharmacovigilance of integrated therapy.


Assuntos
Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450/análise , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450 , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Plantas Medicinais/química
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