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1.
Eur J Pediatr ; 2019 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863304

RESUMO

For Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) patients, small bowel polyps develop and result in symptoms at an early age. Balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) is verified as a safe and efficient choice to evaluate and remove small intestinal polyps in adult PJS. But the safety of BAE, especially BAE-facilitated polypectomy for young pediatrics, is little known. This prospective study focused on the effectiveness and safety of BAE-facilitated polypectomy in small bowel for young pediatric PJS. PJS patients (aged 0-14 years old) with BAE (including both single-balloon and double-balloon enteroscopies) were included from 1 September 2012 to 30 April 2018. The demographic data, medical history, and details of BAE were recorded. BAE-related complications and symptom relief after BAE were evaluated and compared between the PJS patients aged 5-10 years old (the younger pediatric group) and those aged 11-14 years old (the older pediatric group). A total of 41 pediatric PJS patients (5-14 years old) subjected to 82 BAEs were included. BAE-facilitated polypectomy was performed for 33 children (80.5%), and 242 polyps in small bowel were removed. For 10 (24.4%) patients, one or more giant polyps (maximum diameter larger than 5 cm) were removed. For eight patients, no polypectomy was done as no polyps were observed (six subjects) or not suitable for BAE-facilitated polypectomy (two subjects) because of high risk of perforation. The complication rates of BAE and BAE-facilitated polypectomy were 1.2% (1/82) and 1.8% (1/55), and the symptom relief rate was 70.8% (17/24). Compared with the older pediatric group, the younger pediatric group showed no increased BAE complication rate (0.0% vs. 5.0%, p = 0.488) and a comparable rate of symptom relief after BAE therapy (80.8% vs. 55.6%, p = 0.356).Conclusion: BAE-facilitated polypectomy in young pediatric PJS is safe and effective.What is known:• Small bowel evaluation and prophetic polypectomy are important for pediatric PJS patients to avoid polyp-related intussusception, obstruction, and bleeding.• BAE polypectomy was a recommended intervention for removing small bowel polyps in adult PJS patients.What is new:• BAE-facilitated small bowel polypectomy is safe and effective for young pediatric PJS, even for those aged less than 10 years old.

2.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 24(9): 775-783, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29777578

RESUMO

AIMS: Sirt3 is one member of the NAD+ -dependent protein deacetylase family and plays crucial roles in diverse aspects of mammalian biological function. Then the role of Sirt3 on ischemia stroke is unknown. METHODS: To examine the effect of Sirt3 on ischemic stroke, we performed transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) in adult male Sirt3 knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. RESULTS: The level of Sirt3 in infarct region is decreased after ischemic stroke. In addition, we found that Sirt3 KO mice showed worse neurobehavioral outcome compared with WT mice, accompanied by decreased neurogenesis and angiogenesis as shown by the reduction in number of DCX+ /BrdU+ cells, NeuN+ /BrdU+ cells, and CD31+ /BrdU+ cells in the perifocal region during recovery phase after ischemic stroke. Furthermore, Sirt3 deficiency reduced the activation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), AKT, and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) signaling pathways. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that Sirt3 is beneficial to neurovascular and functional recovery following chronic ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Sirtuína 3/deficiência , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/metabolismo , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos da Linhagem 129 , Camundongos Knockout , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia
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