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1.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens (Stål), is the most severe pest attacking rice crops using sucking mouthparts. It causes significant damages to rice growth and food production worldwide. With the long-term and wide use of insecticides, field populations of BPH have developed resistance to many insecticides. RESULTS: Here, we showed that upregulation of an ATP-binding cassette transporter gene NlMdr49-like contributes to imidacloprid resistance in field populations of BPH. A comparative transcriptome analysis was performed to evaluate the gene expression in two field populations (JXSG18 and YNTC18). Compared with a susceptible strain (Sus), 202 upregulated genes and 170 downregulated genes were identified in both field populations. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) are mainly linked to metabolic process and transmembrane transport. Among the candidate DEGs, NlMdr49-like was significantly upregulated in both field populations. Based on the genome and transcriptome of BPH, the full-length complementary DNA of NlMdr49-like was sequenced and its molecular characteristics were analyzed. Expression pattern analysis of various tissues showed that NlMdr49-like was predominantly expressed in midgut and Malpighian tubules which are important excretion organs. Knocking down NlMdr49-like reduced BPH resistance to imidacloprid, but did not affect its resistance to the other nine insecticides (chlorpyrifos, thiamethoxam, nitenpyram, dinotefuran, sulfoxaflor, triflumezopyrim, ethiprole, buprofezin and pymetrozine). Furthermore, a transgenic strain of Drosophila melanogaster overexpressing NlMdr49-like was less susceptible to imidacloprid. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that upregulation of NlMdr49-like is another mechanism contributing to imidacloprid resistance in N. lugens. This result is helpful to further understand the resistance mechanism of N. lugens to imidacloprid.

2.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 22(1): 41, 2021 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655357

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Valgus deformity of the knee remains a complaint after total hip arthroplasty (THA) among some patients with Crowe type IV hip dysplasia. We aimed to identify the knee alignment in these patients before and after surgery, and to explore the factors contributing to postoperative knee valgus alignment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a series of Crowe type IV patients who received THA between February 2010 and May 2019 in our hospital. The patients' medical data were collected from the hospital information system. On both preoperative and postoperative full limb length standing radiographs, the following parameters were measured: hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA), medial proximal tibial angle, anatomical tibiofemoral angle, anatomical lateral distal femoral angle, femoral neck-shaft angle, pelvic obliquity, limb length, height and lateral distance of hip center, and femoral offset. Univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression were used to identify the factors influencing postoperative knee valgus alignment. RESULTS: A total of 64 Crowe type IV patients (87 hips) were included in the study. Overall, HKA improved from 176.54 ± 3.52° preoperatively to 179.45 ± 4.31° at the last follow-up. Those hips were subdivided into non-valgus group (≥ 177.0°, n = 65) and valgus group (< 177.0°, n = 22) according to postoperative HKA. Only postoperative mLDFA was a significant factor in the multivariate regression model. CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative mLDFA is a major factor related to knee valgus alignment after THA, which combines the preoperative anatomy and surgical reconstruction. Other factors previously published were found to have no significance. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Luxação Congênita de Quadril , Luxação do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Fêmur/cirurgia , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(22): 6300-6307, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34434996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Utilizing the large jumbo cup in revision total hip arthroplasty is an effective approach to cure many lacunar and segmental peripheral bone defects. However, with the use of the jumbo cup, the center of the hip joint may become elevated relative to the primary acetabulum, and the diameter of the large cup is greater. AIM: To study the height and the significance of the elevation of the hip joint center. METHODS: Eighty-eight patients matched the criteria for this condition and were included in the study. The center height of the hip joint was measured relative to the opposite normal hip joint. The diameter of the jumbo cup was measured and checked according to operation notes, and the diameter of the jumbo cup was measured with a prosthesis label. Then, the horizontal and vertical centers of rotation were measured on the surgical side and opposite side. The average center height of the hip joint on the renovated side and the opposite side and the position of the hip cup relative to the teardrop were compared using a paired t-test. RESULTS: Radiometric analysis showed that the average hip joint center was elevated by 7.6 mm. The rotational center height delta of the renovated hip was 7.6 ± 5.6 mm, and there was an obvious difference between the two groups (P = 0.00). The difference in horizontal distance was 0.5 ± 5.1 mm (-11.5 -14.0 mm), and there was no obvious difference between the two groups (P = 0.38). According to the foreign standard, the rotational center height delta of the renovated hip was 7.5 ± 6.2 mm, and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P = 0.00). There was no obvious difference between the domestic and foreign standards (P > 0.05) between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The application of the jumbo cup elevates the rotational center of the hip joint, but it is feasible and effective to use the jumbo cup.

4.
Phys Rev E ; 103(2-1): 022204, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33736056

RESUMO

We theoretically study the ground-state phases and superfluidity of tunable spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) under the periodic driving of Raman coupling. An effective time-independent Floquet Hamiltonian is proposed by using a high-frequency approximation, and we find single-particle dispersion, spin-orbit-coupling, and asymmetrical nonlinear two-body interaction can be modulated effectively by the periodic driving. The critical Raman coupling characterizing the phase transition and relevant physical quantities in three different phases (the stripe phase, plane-wave phase, and zero momentum phase) are obtained analytically. Our results indicate that the boundary of ground-state phases can be controlled and the system will undergo three different phase transitions by adjusting the external driving. Interestingly, we find the contrast of the stripe density can be enhanced by the periodic driving in the stripe phase. We also study the superfluidity of tunable spin-orbit-coupled BECs and find the dynamical instability can be tuned by the periodic driving of Raman coupling. Furthermore, the sound velocity of the ground-state and superfluidity state can be controlled effectively by tuning the periodic driving strength. Our results indicate that the periodic driving of Raman coupling provides a powerful tool to manipulate the ground-state phase transition and dynamical instability of spin-orbit-coupled BECs.

5.
Phys Rev E ; 102(3-1): 032220, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076041

RESUMO

The Bose-Einstein condensates in a finite depth potential well provide an ideal platform to study the quantum escape dynamics. In this paper, the ground state, tunneling, and diffusion dynamics of the spin-orbit coupling (SOC) of Bose-Einstein condensates with two pseudospin components in a shallow trap are studied analytically and numerically. The phase transition between the plane-wave phase and zero-momentum phase of the ground state is obtained. Furthermore, the stability of the ground state is discussed, and the stability diagram in the parameter space is provided. The bound state (in which condensates are stably trapped in the potential well), the quasibound state (in which condensates tunnel through the well), and the unstable state (in which diffusion occurs) are revealed. We find that the finite depth potential well has an important effect on the phase transition of the ground state, and, interestingly, SOC can stabilize the system against the diffusion and manipulate the tunneling and diffusion dynamics. In particular, spatial anisotropic tunneling and diffusion dynamics of the two pseudospin components induced by SOC in quasibound and unstable states are observed. We provide an effective model and method to study and control the quantum tunneling and diffusion dynamics.

6.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 167: 104608, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527438

RESUMO

Triflumezopyrim, a novel mesoionic chemical insecticide, is promoted as a powerful tool for control of susceptible and resistant hopper species in rice throughout Asia. For a newly commercialized insecticide it is important to establish susceptibility baseline, conduct susceptibility monitoring, and assess the risk of resistance via artificial selection to provide foundational information on designing resistance management strategy. The susceptibility baseline of triflumezopyrim was established for three rice planthopper species, Nilarpavata lugens (Stål), Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) and Laodelphax striatellus (Fallén). The LD50 of triflumezopyrim was 0.026, 0.032 and 0.094 ng/individual for the adults of the susceptible strains of S. furcifera, L. striatellus and N. lugens, respectively, determined by a topical application method. Using a rice stem (seedling) dipping method, the LC50 was determined as 0.042, 0.024 and 0.150 mg/L for the nymphs (3rd instar) of the three hopper species, respectively. In the meanwhile, the LC50 of Pyraxalt™ (triflumezopyrim 10% SC) was 0.064 mg/L for the N. lugens susceptible strain. Furthermore, the susceptibility of triflumezopyrim and other five neonicotinoid insecticides were monitored for N. lugens field populations collected from major rice production areas in China in 2015-2019. All monitored populations were susceptible to triflumezopyrim (0.5 to 3.9-fold resistance ratio), and showed no cross-resistance to the other five neonicotinoids. These results suggested that triflumezopyrim is a good option to control resistant N. lugens. In addition, a field-collected population of N. lugens was artificially selected with triflumezopyrim for 20 generations and resulted in 3.5-fold increase in LC50 from F0 and 6.0-fold increase from that of the susceptible strain. The realized heritability (h2) of resistance was estimated as 0.0451 by using threshold trait analysis. With this h2 value, the projected triflumezopyrim resistance development (a 10-fold increase in LC50) would be expected after 30.3 or 24.0 generations if 80% or 90% of the population was killed at each generation.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Inseticidas , Oryza , Animais , China , Resistência a Inseticidas , Piridinas , Pirimidinonas , Medição de Risco
7.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 165: 104548, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32359557

RESUMO

Pymetrozine is a promising chemical used to control brown planthopper, which developed resistance to imidacloprid and buprofezin in the past decade. Field efficacy indicates that pymetrozine can reduce the number of offsprings of brown planthopper, but the specific physiological mechanism is unknown. In this study, we systematically described the mating process of brown planthopper including 8 steps (abdominal vibration, following, positioning, wing extension, attempted copulation, copulation, terminated copulation and leaving) and explored the optimal mating time after adult eclosion (3-5 days) and observation time (30 mins). Also, behavioral data showed that pymetrozine can affect the mating behavior and female fecundity of brown planthopper and fruit fly. As one of the target genes for pymetrozine, Nanchung (Nan), the nan36a mutant male courtship index, female receptivity and the number of offsprings were significantly decreased. Behavioral defects in nan36a mutant flies can be rescued by expressed NlNan. Our results indicated that Nan plays essential roles in the mating behavior and female fecundity. These findings provide useful information for demonstrating that pymetrozine effectively reduce the reproduction of brown planthopper and contribute to our understanding of reproductive strategies controlled by pymetrozine in insects.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Comportamento Reprodutivo , Animais , Proteínas de Drosophila , Drosophila melanogaster , Feminino , Masculino , Canais de Potencial de Receptor Transitório , Triazinas
8.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(5): 469-474, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of using computer-aided design(CAD) combined with 3D printing technology to repair and reconstruct the comminuted fracture of the posterior wall of acetabulum with osteochondral defect, to evaluate the biomechanical properties of composite titanium nitride bioceramic coatings with porous titanium alloy scaffolds and steel plate integrated implants. METHODS: Based on CT images of continuous tomography, the computer-aided design software was used to construct a digital model of porous titanium alloy plate implant with a specially open cellular three-dimensional structure, and the three-dimensional implant was prepared with Ti6Vl4V powder by using the 3D printing technology, following by titanium nitride coating on its articular surface. The degree of matching and attachment between the implant and acetabulum were observed; Ansys software was used for finite element modeling to analyze the stress distribution, stress conduction and deformation displacement of the acetabulum of the normal group, the traditional group and the implant group under the same load state, and to verify the biomechanical properties of the implant. RESULTS: The porous titanium alloy implant fit well with the acetabular bone defects, the shape of the plate was well attached to the bone surface, and it was rated as excellent according to the Matta criteria. The Von Mises stress peak of the implant group 13.38 MPa was close to the normal group 13.11 MPa and smaller than that in the traditional group 15.66 MPa. The Von Mises stress distribution and conduction of implant group were basically consistent with the normal group, slightly better than the traditional group; the maximum relative displacement of the implant was 0.166 mm, according to the finite element analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The porous titanium alloy stent plate implant with titanium nitride coating prepared by 3D technology has excellent matching degree and biomechanical properties; the anatomical reconstruction makes the stress distribution and conduction recovery well, close to normal hip joints, which provides a new option for the clinical treatment of comminuted posterior acetabular wall fractures with severe bone defects.


Assuntos
Acetábulo , Fraturas Cominutivas , Placas Ósseas , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional , Titânio
9.
Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi ; 36(6): 1771-4, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30052389

RESUMO

Ethanol concentration quantitative analysis of ethanol-water solution can be realized by measuring the ratio of Raman characteristic peak heights. The content of ethanol can be determined by linear relation between relative intensity ratio and ethanol concentration. However, this analytical method only applies to the ethanol solution at low concentration. Concerning this issue, relative intensity of characteristic peak of ethanol (asymmetric stretching vibration of CH2 2 924.0 cm-1) and peak background of water (3 350 cm-1) at different ethanol concentration is experimentally measured by using a self-developed laser Raman ethanol content detection system. According to the relationship between relative ratio of characteristic peak heights and ethanol concentration, the nonlinear regression analysis methods are proposed to apply in the measurement of ethanol concentration in a wide range. Adjacent region average method is utilized to remove mutational random noise in Raman spectra of ethanol solution. Combined with multi-point interpolation processing, the baseline of Raman spectra can be calibrated. The influences of mutational random noise and the strong fluorescence background can be effectively eliminated with baseline correction and normalization methods. Polynomial and exponential mathematical models are adopted for nonlinear regression analyses by the relation between ratio of characteristic peak heights and concentration of ethanol solution. The analysis results show that the correlation coefficient of linear fitting and nonlinear fitting is about 0.991 and higher than 0.997 respectively. The linear analytical method can be effectively applied when ethanol concentration range is 15%~60%. The nonlinear analytical method has higher measurement accuracy in a wider ethanol concentration range of 3%~97%. Nonlinear mathematical model will provide theoretical basis for analysis of ethanol concentration, which can be applied in laser Raman ethanol content detection system to calculate the relatively accurate ethanol concentration of ethanol-water solution. Rapid, real-time and accurate quantitative analysis of wide concentration range ethanol solution, which has mutational random noise and strong fluorescence background interference, can be achieved by these analytical methods.

10.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 71(2): 1239-42, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25403160

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to observe the adult growth hormone level in postoperative pituitary tumor patients of multi-centers, and explore the change of hypophyseal hormones in postoperative pituitary tumor patients. Sixty patients with pituitary tumor admitted during March, 2011-March, 2012 were selected. Postoperative hypophyseal hormone deficiency and the change of preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative growth hormone levels were recorded. Growth hormone hypofunction was the most common hormonal hypofunction, which took up to 85.0 %. Adrenocortical hormone hypofunction was next to it and accounted for 58.33 %. GH + ACTH + TSH + Gn deficiency was the most common in postoperative hormone deficiency, which took up to 40.00 %, and GH + ACTH + TSH + Gn + AVP and GH deficiencies were next to it and accounted for 23.33 and 16.67 %, respectively. The hormone levels in patients after total pituitary tumor resection were significantly lower than those after partial pituitary tumor resection, and the difference was statistically significant; growth hormone and serum prolactin levels after surgery in two groups were decreased, and the difference was statistically significant. The incidence rate of growth hormone deficiency in postoperative pituitary tumor patients is high, which is usually complicated with deficiency of various hypophyseal hormones. In clinical, we should pay attention to the levels of the hypopnyseal hormones, and take timely measures to avoid postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Hormônio do Crescimento/sangue , Hipopituitarismo/sangue , Hipopituitarismo/etiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/sangue , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hipopituitarismo/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
11.
Int J Cardiol ; 176(3): 878-84, 2014 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25147061

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In functional mitral regurgitation (FMR), effective regurgitant orifice area (EROA) displays a dynamic pattern. The impact of dynamic changes of annulus dysfunction and leaflets tenting on phasic EROA was explored with real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D-TEE). METHODS: RT3D-TEE was performed in 52 FMR patients and 30 controls. Mitral annulus dimensions and leaflets tenting were measured throughout systole (TomTec, Germany). Phasic EROA was measured by proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method. RESULTS: Mitral annulus had the minimal area and an oval shape with saddle configuration during early systole in controls, which enlarged and became round and flattened towards mid and late systole (P<0.05). In contrast, annulus in FMR was significantly larger, rounder and flatter (P<0.001), which further dilated and became more flattened at late systole (P<0.05 vs control). Leaflet tenting height in FMR decreased in mid systole and remains unchanged towards late systole. The leaflet tenting volume peaked at early and late systole with a mid-systolic trough in both FMR and controls. But tenting volume of patients with FMR was significantly larger than that of controls (all P<0.001 vs control in whole systole). Further analysis demonstrated that early tenting volume (ß value=0.053, P<0.05) was a predictor of early EROA, whereas late tenting volume (ß value=0.031, P<0.05) and late annular displacement velocity were predictors of late EROA. CONCLUSIONS: The early and late peak EROAs of FMR was primarily contributed by tenting volume at early systole and late systole respectively. These findings would be of value to consider in interventions aimed at reducing the severity of FMR.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/tendências , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Int J Cardiol ; 168(1): 467-71, 2013 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23063142

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Late-onset atrial arrhythmia after successful closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is not uncommon. Right atrial (RA) enlargement and increased electrocardiographic P-wave dispersion (Pd) independently predict the development of atrial arrhythmia. Data on the degree of right atrial (RA) geometrical and electrical remodeling following device closure of ASD are limited. METHODS: Echocardiography and electrocardiography (ECG) were performed in 58 consecutive patients (47 ± 17 years) before and at 3 months after ASD closure. Persistent RA enlargement was defined as RA volume index (RAVI) ≥ 21 ml/m(2) at 3 months. Pd was calculated as the difference between maximal and minimal P-wave durations in 12-lead ECG. RESULTS: RA size reduced (RAVI: 50 ± 28 vs. 26 ± 16 ml/m(2), p<0.001) and Pd on ECG decreased (53 ± 17 vs. 49 ± 20 ms, p<0.05) significantly at 3 months when compared to baseline. However, persistent RA enlargement remained evident in 31 patients (53%). As a group, they were older with higher pulmonary arterial systolic pressure, larger Qp/Qs, longer maximal P-wave duration and Pd than those with normalized RA. Pd reduction only occurred in patients with normalized RA size. The 3-month Pd (hazard ratio: 1.033, p<0.001) predicted the presence of incomplete RA geometrical remodeling. ROC curve revealed that Pd ≥ 45 ms at 3 months was 77% sensitive and 86% specific in revealing residual RA enlargement. CONCLUSION: Both atrial geometrical and electrical reverse remodeling were evident at 3 months following ASD closure. However, only half of the included patients had normalization of RA size which could be revealed by a simple ECG surrogate of intra-atrial conduction disturbance.


Assuntos
Remodelamento Atrial/fisiologia , Eletrocardiografia/tendências , Comunicação Interatrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Comunicação Interatrial/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Comunicação Interatrial/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Ultrassonografia
13.
Circulation ; 127(7): 832-41, 2013 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23266859

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data exist on the relation of the 3-dimensional morphology of mitral valve and degree of mitral regurgitation (MR) in mitral valve prolapse. METHODS AND RESULTS: Real-time 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography of the mitral valve was acquired in 112 subjects, including 36 patients with mitral valve prolapse and significant MR (≥3+; MR+ group), 32 patients with mitral valve prolapse but no or mild MR (≤2+; MR- group), 12 patients with significant MR resulting from nonprolapse pathologies (nonprolapse group), and 32 control subjects. The 3-dimensional geometry of mitral valve apparatus was measured with dedicated quantification software. Compared with the normal and MR- groups, the MR+ group had more dilated mitral annulus (P<0.0001), a reduced annular height to commissural width ratio (AHCWR) (P<0.0001) indicating flattening of annular saddle shape, redundant leaflet surfaces (P<0.0001), greater leaflet billow volume (P<0.0001) and billow height (P<0.0001), longer lengths from papillary muscles to coaptation (P<0.0001), and more frequent chordal rupture (P<0.0001). Prevalence of chordal rupture increased progressively with annulus flattening (7% versus 24% versus 42% for AHCWR >20%, 15%-20%, and <15%, respectively; P=0.004). Leaflet billow volume increased exponentially with decreasing AHCWR in patients without chordal rupture (r(2)=0.66, P<0.0001). MR severity correlated strongly with leaflet billow volume (r(2)=0.74, P<0.0001) and inversely with AHCWR (r(2)=0.44, P<0.0001). In contrast, annulus dilatation but not flattening occurred in nonprolapse MR patients. An AHCWR <15% (odds ratio=7.1; P=0.0004) was strongly associated with significant MR in mitral valve prolapse. CONCLUSION: Flattening of the annular saddle shape is associated with progressive leaflet billowing and increased frequencies of chordal rupture and may be important in the pathogenesis of MR in mitral valve prolapse.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Cordas Tendinosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cordas Tendinosas/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/patologia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/patologia , Prolapso da Valva Mitral/patologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Ruptura Espontânea/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Espontânea/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 31(4): 645-8, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21515461

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To apply mixed logit model for analyzing the data of new rural cooperative medical with suitability and identify the factors affecting the residents choices of insurance mode. METHODS: Hypothesis test of IIA was performed using the mogtest module of Stata10.0 to test the eligibility of the condition. The mixed logit model was established to allow the parameters to vary in the population using SAS9.1 MDC module. RESULTS: The data in this study did not satisfy the IIA assumption (P<0.01), so that the multinomial logit model was not applicable. The adjusted Estrella of the mixed logit model was 0.6658. CONCLUSION: The mixed logit approach does not rely on the restrictive IIA assumption and allows for correlation patterns between choices and individual variation. This approach can help in the determination of the choices in new rural cooperative medical system.


Assuntos
Coalizão em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde , Modelos Logísticos , Saúde da População Rural
15.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 89(38): 2675-81, 2009 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20137266

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To survey the frequencies and characteristics of polymorphism of seven genes coding drug-metabolizing enzymes in a Han Chinese population. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood in 1382 unrelated Han Chinese volunteers. Genotypes of CYP450, NQO1, MPO, MTHFR, NAT2, TPMT*3B(G460A) and TPMT*3C(A719G) were analyzed by PCR-RFLP. GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes were detected by multiple PCR and TPMT*2(G238C) genotypes by allele-specific PCR. RESULTS: The allele frequencies of wild-type, heterozygosity and homozygosity were 99.8%, 0.2% and 0 in CYP3A4*1B genotypes, 8.4%, 34.3% and 57.3% in CYP3A5*3 genotypes, 28.7%, 49.7% and 21.6% in NQO1(C609T) genotypes, 75.0%, 23.2% and 1.8% in MPO(G463A) genotypes, 25.9%, 44.9% and 29.2% in MTHFR(C677T) genotypes, 67.3%, 30.4% and 2.3% in MTHFR(A1298C) genotypes, and 96.8% 3.2% and 0 in TPMT*3C(A719G) genotypes, respectively. The frequencies of present and null genotypes were 36.1% and 63.9% in GSTM1, 54.4% and 45.6% in GSTT1 respectively. The frequencies of NAT2*4/*4, *4/*5, *4/*6, *4/*7, *5/*5, *5/*6, *5/*7, *6/*6, *6/*7 and *7/*7 genotypes were 34.5%, 4.3%, 24.3%, 18.2%, 0.1%, 1.8%, 1.5%, 5.0%, 7.6% and 2.6% respectively. The frequencies of specific NAT2 alleles were 57.9%, 3.9%, 21.8% and 16.3% for NAT2*4, *5, *6 and *7 respectively. The frequencies of genophenotypes were 81.4% and 18.6% in NAT2 fast acetylator and low acetylator respectively. The allele frequency of wild type were 100% in both TPMT*2(G238C) genotypes and TPMT*3B(G460A). The variant alleles of TPMT*2(G238C) and TPMT*3B(G460A) were not found in 1382 Han Chinese subjects. CONCLUSION: Significant differences in the distributions and frequencies in genetic polymorphisms of drug-metabolizing enzymes are identified between Han Chinese population and Caucasians, as well between Han Chinese population and Melanoderma while only some heterogeneity has been observed between Han Chinese population and other Xanthoderms in Asia.


Assuntos
/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , Frequência do Gene , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Arilamina N-Acetiltransferase/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Genótipo , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 26(8): 571-3, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16941978

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe therapeutic effect of the method for nourishing blood and moisturizing eye on xerophthalmia. METHODS: Fifty-one cases of xerophthalmia were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group. The treatment group were treated by acupuncture, moxibustion with Chinese medicine, and auricular point pressing, and the control group were treated with dripping of artificial tears. Local symptoms of eyes, tear secretion amount (Schirmer method) and BUT were observed before and after treatment. RESULTS: The total effective rate of 88.5% in the treatment group was better than 52.0% in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The method for nourishing blood and moisturizing eye is a better therapy for xerophthalmia.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Xeroftalmia , Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura , Olho , Humanos , Xeroftalmia/terapia
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