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1.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 707402, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804988

RESUMO

The continuous development of urbanization has dramatically changed people's living environment and lifestyle, accompanied by the increased prevalence of chronic diseases. However, there is little research on the effect of urbanization on gut microbiome in residents. Here we investigated the relation between living environment and gut microbiota in a homogenous population along an urban-rural gradient in Ningxia China. According to the degree of urbanization, the population is divided into four groups: mountainous rural (MR) represents non-urbanized areas, mountainous urban (MU) and plain rural (PR) represent preliminary urbanization, and plain urban (PU) is a representative of complete urbanization. Studies have found that with the deepening of urbanization, the prevalence of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, dyslipidemia, fatty liver, gallstones, and renal cysts, have gradually increased. The intestinal richness and diversity of the microbial community were significantly reduced in the PR and the PU groups compared with the MR and the MU groups. Based on linear discriminant analysis selection, the significantly enriched genera Faecalibacterium, Prevotella, and Pseudobutyrivibrio in the MR group gradually decreased in the MU, the PR, and the PU groups. Effect size results revealed that both residence and diet had an effect on intestinal microbiota. Our results suggested that the disparate patterns of gut microbiota composition were revealed at different levels of urbanization, providing an opportunity to understand the pathogenesis of chronic diseases and the contribution of the "rural microbiome" in potential protection against the occurrence of chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Prevalência , Urbanização
2.
J Integr Neurosci ; 20(3): 573-583, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645090

RESUMO

We investigated the anti-aging effects of velvet antler polypeptide on D-galactose (D-gal)-induced aging mice. D-gal-induced aging mice were established and randomly divided into five groups, the control, model, vitamin E (VE), velvet antler polypeptide low-dose and velvet antler polypeptide high-dose groups. The Morris water maze test was used to evaluate the learning and memory abilities of aging mice. Hippocampal neurons were observed via hematoxylin-eosin staining and transmission electron microscopy. Biochemical methods were used to detect the activities of superoxide dismutase, malonaldehyde and other enzymes and evaluate the influence of velvet antler polypeptide on the antioxidant capacity of aging mice. Using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and meristem technology, we assessed the effect of velvet antler polypeptide on aging mice's intestinal flora and fatty acid metabolism. The experimental results showed that velvet antler polypeptide could significantly improve aging mice's learning and cognitive abilities, increase the activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and catalase in the serum decrease the malonaldehyde content. Intestinal microecological analysis showed that velvet antler polypeptide could significantly increase the beneficial bacterial genus Lactobacillus abundance. Western blot analysis further demonstrated that velvet antler polypeptide could promote fatty acid metabolism by activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) and upregulating the expression of the downstream enzymes carnitine-palmitoyl transferase-1 A and acyl-CoA oxidase 1 while downregulating that of apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4), thereby reducing fatty acid accumulation and increasing adenosine-triphosphate (ATP) production. Therefore, velvet antler polypeptide improves the intestinal microecology and activates the PPARα/APOE4 pathway to regulate fatty acid metabolism.

3.
Cell Rep ; 37(1): 109695, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610310

RESUMO

The function of poly(ADP-ribosyl) polymerase 1 (PARP1) in myelination and remyelination of the central nervous system (CNS) remains enigmatic. Here, we report that PARP1 is an intrinsic driver for oligodendroglial development and myelination. Genetic PARP1 depletion impairs the differentiation of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) into oligodendrocytes and impedes CNS myelination. Mechanistically, PARP1-mediated PARylation activity is not only necessary but also sufficient for OPC differentiation. At the molecular level, we identify the RNA-binding protein Myef2 as a PARylated target, which controls OPC differentiation through the PARylation-modulated derepression of myelin protein expression. Furthermore, PARP1's enzymatic activity is necessary for oligodendrocyte and myelin regeneration after demyelination. Together, our findings suggest that PARP1-mediated PARylation activity may be a potential therapeutic target for promoting OPC differentiation and remyelination in neurological disorders characterized by arrested OPC differentiation and remyelination failure such as multiple sclerosis.

5.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 727663, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512425

RESUMO

Background: Psychache is a negative introspective experience, which is positively associated with the risk of suicide, independently of depression. It is undeniable that psychache is an important influencing factor to trigger suicide, which can also mediate the effect between depression and suicide variables. Nevertheless, the research tendency and current hotspots on psychache of suicide population have not been systematically investigated based on bibliometric analysis. Aim: The aim of the study was to analyze the research status, hotspots, and frontiers of psychological pain in the field of suicidology, so as to provide reference for domestic clinical research. Methods: The literature related to psychache in suicide individuals published from 1994 to 2020 was included and selected from the Web of Science Core Collection database on May 28, 2021. CiteSpace (version 5.7.R2) software was used to visualize and analyze highly cited journals, authors, and articles as well as co-occurrence analysis for countries, institution, authors, and keywords. Results: A total of 230 articles from the WoS database were included. The number of papers over the years showed an overall upward trend. The United States has made the largest contribution, with the majority of publications (89, 38.70%), followed by Canada (48, 20.87%), Israel (31, 13.48%), China (20, 8.80%), and Portugal (17, 7.39%). The most productive institution was Queen's University. Edwin S. Shneidman has the largest achievement and profound influence, and the most prolific author is Ronald R. Holden. However, the cooperation between institutions and authors was comparatively weak. The current hotspots in this field focus on the studies on the relationships between depression, despair, psychache, and suicide, the risk assessments of psychological pain, and the development of psychological pain scales. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior was the most frequently cited journal in this field. Conclusions: This analysis not only reveals the current research trend and hotspots but also provides some instructive suggestions on the development of psychache in the suicidology. Future work should pay more attention to develop effective psychological pain intervention programs for diverse suicide population. Additionally, longitudinal study can also be conducted to grasp the trajectory changes of psychological pain among suicide individuals.

6.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 9: 716634, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513813

RESUMO

The production of corn-based ethanol in the U.S. has dramatically increasied in recent years, and consequently so has the quantity of coproduct feed ingredients generated from this segment of the grain processing industry. These streams are almost exclusively utilized as livestock feed, which partially offsets the need for corn in feed rations, but other value-added applications do exist. Because of its use as an animal feed, considerable research has been conducted into the nutritional properties, but to a lesser extent the physical and flowability properties of commercially-produced distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS). There can be occasions when the quality of coproducts is not consistent. Thus questions regarding the influence of processing operations on the resulting coproduct characteristics must be examined. The objective of this research was to conduct extensive physical and flowability property analyses on DDGS samples which were produced under varying conditions in a pilot plant-scale ethanol plant, in order to investigate the effects of various manufacturing operations (specifically ethanol production and drying conditions) on the resulting properties of the DDGS. Using various laboratory methods, a variety of properties, including bulk density and angle of repose, were determined. DDGS fat content was highly correlated with aerated and packed bulk densities, which indicates that fat level plays a key role in flowability behavior. Future studies should examine this potential relationship in more depth, especially as the industry has moved to fat reduction via oil separation processes.

7.
J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs ; 28(6): 1128-1139, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519138

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dialectical behaviour therapy(DBT) has been widely used for borderline personality disorder(BPD). Existing studies are limited to behaviours such as self-harm, and the results for reducing self-harm were controversial. Few have systematically evaluated the effect of DBT on self-harming behaviours and negative emotions. AIM: This study aims to evaluate the effects of DBT on self-harming behaviours and negative emotions in patients with BPD. METHODS: RCTs on DBT for BPD were searched from PubMed, Embase, etc., and the results were performed by RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: The meta-analysis demonstrated that DBT reduced self-harming behaviours, and alleviated depression, but had a negligible effect on suicidal ideation and anger. One subgroup revealed that standard DBT improved depression significantly, but DBT skills training improved poorly. Another subgroup revealed that there was a significant reduction in depression among patients receiving DBT for 4 months to 14 months, but not at 4 months. DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Findings indicate that DBT can reduce self-harming behaviours and improve depression, but effects on suicidal ideation and anger are insignificant. Subgroup analysis suggests that standard DBT and DBT-ST lasting beyond 4 months benefits on BPD. Given the quality and quantity restrictions of RCTs, more high-quality RCTs need to verify these effects.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Terapia do Comportamento Dialético , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Ira , Terapia Comportamental , Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/terapia , Humanos , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Exp Brain Res ; 239(11): 3359-3370, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482419

RESUMO

Depression is a complex etiological disease with limited effective treatments. Previous studies have indicated the involvement of miRNAs in the pathophysiology of mood disorders. In this study, we focused on the role and mechanisms of miR-129-5p in depression by successfully constructing mice models of depressive-like behavior via chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) exposure. Herein, miR-129-5p expression was decreased in the hippocampus of CUMS mice model. Upregulation of miR-129-5p reduced depressive-like behaviors of CUMS mice, as revealed in sucrose preference test, novelty suppressed feeding test, forced swim test, tail suspension test, social interaction test. MiR-129-5p upregulation decreased the concentrations and protein levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-1ß and TNF-α), indicating the inhibitory role of miR-129-5p in inflammation. Furthermore, miR-129-5p was identified to target MAPK1. MAPK1 was negatively regulated by miR-129-5p, and silencing of MAPK1 attenuated depressive-like behaviors in CUMS mice. Moreover, MAPK1 downregulation decreased inflammation in the hippocampus of CUMS mice. Upregulation of MAPK1 reversed the suppressive effects of miR-129-5p upregulation on depressive-like behaviors and inflammation in CUMS mice. In conclusion, the current study identified that miR-129-5p reduces depressive-like behaviors and suppresses inflammation by targeting MAPK1 in CUMS mice, offering a novel molecular interpretation for depression prevention.


Assuntos
Depressão , MicroRNAs , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo , Inflamação/genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Estresse Psicológico
9.
Poult Sci ; 100(9): 101356, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34358959

RESUMO

Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a tumor suppressor gene, functions in antiviral innate immunity and regulates the development and function of T cells and B cells. However, limited information about PTEN is available in poultry. In the present study, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry staining were used to study the tissue distribution and developmental changes of PTEN in the main immune organs of chicken. The effects of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) infection on PTEN mRNA expression in the bursa of Fabricius (BF) of chickens were also investigated. The results are as follows. 1) The order of PTEN mRNA expression levels at the 18th d of hatching (E18) was: muscle and immune organs (spleen and thymus) > visceral organs (heart, lung, kidney, and liver) > hypothalamus and digestive tracts (duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, proventriculus, BF [originates from cloaca], and cecum tonsil [locates at the lamina propria of cecum]). However, at the 15th d of raising (D15), the PTEN mRNA expression in the heart was the highest among all the tissues, followed by those in the liver, proventriculus, and kidney. The PTEN mRNA expression levels in the rest tissues were very low and were only 1.20 to 19.47% as much as that in the heart (P < 0.05). 2) The changes in the expression of PTEN mRNA in the BF, spleen, and thymus from E15 to D15 had no obvious regularity. PTEN-immunopositive (PTEN-ip) cells in the BF were distributed in epithelium mucosa, bursal follicles and interfollicles before hatching, but only in bursal follicles after hatching. PTEN-ip cells in the spleen were expressed in the periarterial lymphatic sheath from E18 to D15. Most of PTEN-ip cells distributed in the thymic medulla and only a few distributed in the thymic cortex during the whole experiment. 3) Chicken with IBDV infection had a remarkable decrease in PTEN mRNA expression from 1 d postinfection (dpi) to 7 dpi. Although PTEN mRNA level was reversed at 7 dpi, it was still significantly lower than that at 0 dpi (P < 0.05). These findings suggest that the PTEN of chicken might play important roles in the development of embryos and T/B lymphocytes, and the downregulation of PTEN in chickens infected with IBDV might be a mechanism of IBDV evasion from host immunity. Strategies designed to restore PTEN expression may be a therapy for preventing chickens from IBDV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Birnaviridae , Vírus da Doença Infecciosa da Bursa , Doenças das Aves Domésticas , Animais , Infecções por Birnaviridae/veterinária , Bolsa de Fabricius , Galinhas , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/genética , Distribuição Tecidual
10.
Sci Adv ; 7(34)2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407945

RESUMO

The iconic phenotype of seadragons includes leaf-like appendages, a toothless tubular mouth, and male pregnancy involving incubation of fertilized eggs on an open "brood patch." We de novo-sequenced male and female genomes of the common seadragon (Phyllopteryx taeniolatus) and its closely related species, the alligator pipefish (Syngnathoides biaculeatus). Transcription profiles from an evolutionary novelty, the leaf-like appendages, show that a set of genes typically involved in fin development have been co-opted as well as an enrichment of transcripts for potential tissue repair and immune defense genes. The zebrafish mutants for scpp5, which is lost in all syngnathids, were found to lack or have deformed pharyngeal teeth, supporting the hypothesis that the loss of scpp5 has contributed to the loss of teeth in syngnathids. A putative sex-determining locus encoding a male-specific amhr2y gene shared by common seadragon and alligator pipefish was identified.

11.
J Nurs Manag ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435707

RESUMO

AIMS: We explored the mediating role of psychological resilience in the experience and support of psychiatric nurses as the second victims and their career success. BACKGROUND: Psychiatric nurses, as the primary victims of workplace violence, experience physical and psychological distress, which leads to high resignation rate and job burnout. However, not much is known about the mediating role of psychological resilience between the second victims of workplace violence and their career success. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 683 psychiatric nurses. The participants were scored according to the Chinese career success scale, Chinese version of the psychological resilience scale for nurses and Chinese version of the second victim experience and support tool. The t-test and one-way analysis of variance were used to compare the factors affecting career success. RESULTS: Career success scores differed among nurses of different ages having different employment forms, role and working years (p < .05). Mediating effect analysis revealed that psychological resilience played a full mediating role in the experience and support of second victims and their career success. CONCLUSION: Psychological resilience-based interventions should be developed to improve the psychological adjustment ability of psychiatric nurses and to strengthen their career success. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Nursing managers should create more opportunities and a harmonious working environment and enhance the management system for dealing with workplace violence.

12.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 35(9): e23945, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) participate in the reactivation of γ-globin expression in ß-thalassemia. However, the miRNA transcriptional profiles of pediatric ß-thalassemia remain unclear. Accordingly, in this study, we assessed miRNA expression in pediatric patients with ß-thalassemia. METHODS: Differentially expressed miRNAs in pediatric patients with ß-thalassemia were determined using microRNA sequencing. RESULTS: Hsa-miR-483-3p, hsa-let-7f-1-3p, hsa-let-7a-3p, hsa-miR-543, hsa-miR-433-3p, hsa-miR-4435, hsa-miR-329-3p, hsa-miR-92b-5p, hsa-miR-6747-3p and hsa-miR-495-3p were significantly upregulated, whereas hsa-miR-4508, hsa-miR-20a-5p, hsa-let-7b-5p, hsa-miR-93-5p, hsa-let-7i-5p, hsa-miR-6501-5p, hsa-miR-221-3p, hsa-let-7g-5p, hsa-miR-106a-5p, and hsa-miR-17-5p were significantly downregulated in pediatric patients with ß-thalassemia. After integrating our data with a previously published dataset, we found that hsa-let-7b-5p and hsa-let-7i-5p expression levels were also lower in adolescent or adult patients with ß-thalassemia. The predicted target genes of hsa-let-7b-5p and hsa-let-7i-5p were associated with the transforming growth factor ß receptor, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT, FoxO, Hippo, and mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways. We also identified 12 target genes of hsa-let-7a-3p and hsa-let-7f-1-3p and 21 target genes of hsa-let-7a-3p and hsa-let-7f-1-3p, which were differentially expressed in patients with ß-thalassemia. Finally, we found that hsa-miR-190-5p and hsa-miR-1278-5p may regulate hemoglobin switching by modulation of the B-cell lymphoma/leukemia 11A gene. CONCLUSION: The results of the study show that several microRNAs are dysregulated in pediatric ß-thalassemia. Further, the results also indicate toward a critical role of let7 miRNAs in the pathogenesis of pediatric ß-thalassemia, which needs to be investigated further.

13.
Sci Total Environ ; 801: 149646, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34416608

RESUMO

Tributyltin (TBT), an organotin compound frequently detected in the coastal environments, poses a threat to aquatic organisms. The lined seahorse (Hippocampus erectus) is a vulnerable species found in nearshore water habitats. The mechanisms by which this fish responds to TBT exposure are not yet fully understood. Histological, biochemical, and transcriptional analyses were conducted, and the results showed that 60 days of exposure to 50 and 500 ng/L TBT caused significant tin accumulation and liver damage to seahorses. Antioxidant defenses and immune responses to TBT exposure in the livers of seahorses were further investigated. The enzymatic activity of superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde content increased, while catalase activity decreased. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that a series of genes involved in the antioxidant defense system were highly induced to protect the hepatic cells from oxidative damage. TBT exposure also resulted in the induction of genes associated with immune and inflammatory processes, representing a stress response to combat the adverse environmental conditions in the exposed seahorses. Furthermore, seahorses showed an increased health risk, according to the elevation of the expression of genes with tumor-promoting effects, when exposed to TBT. These findings contribute to our understanding of the adverse effects of TBT exposure on seahorses, and their potential defense mechanisms.


Assuntos
Smegmamorpha , Compostos de Trialquitina , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bioacumulação , Expressão Gênica , Fígado/metabolismo , Smegmamorpha/genética , Compostos de Trialquitina/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
15.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 698975, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34307458

RESUMO

Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), a major cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), is a serious clinical event in patients during post-renal transplantation. I/R is associated with renal dysfunction and tubular apoptosis, and calcium (Ca2+) overload has been reported to be a crucial factor on tubular apoptosis in I/R injury (IRI). The canonical transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6), a type of non-selective Ca2+ channel, is involved in many renal diseases. Our earlier study identified that TRPC6-mediated Ca2+ influx plays a novel role in suppressing cytoprotective autophagy triggered by oxidative stress in primary tubular epithelial cells (TECs). This study explored the potential beneficial impact of TRPC6 knockout (TRPC6-/-) and the relevant cellular mechanisms against I/R-induced AKI in mice. Measuring changes of renal function, apoptotic index, and autophagy in mouse kidneys that suffered 24 h reperfusion after 40 min ischemia and working in vitro with TECs that suffered 24 h reoxygenation after 24 h hypoxia, we found that 1) IRI tissues had increased TRPC6 expression and TRPC6 knockout significantly ameliorated renal damage induced by IRI; 2) TRPC6 knockout enhanced the level of autophagy and alleviated the depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential (ψm, MMP) and apoptotic changes upon IRI; and 3) IRI tissues had increased p-AKT and p-ERK1/2 expressions, while TRPC6 knockout could markedly reduce the phosphorylation of AKT and ERK1/2. These discoveries suggest that, by reducing Ca2+ overload, the underlying protective mechanism of TRPC6-/- may be involved in down-regulation of PI3K/AKT and ERK signaling, which is likely to provide a new avenue for future AKI therapies.

16.
J Med Microbiol ; 70(7)2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296983

RESUMO

Introduction. Shigella flexneri is an intracellular bacterial pathogen that utilizes a type III secretion apparatus to inject effector proteins into host cells.Hypothesis/Gap Statement. The T3SS effector IpaH4.5 is important for the virulence of Shigella.Aim. This study aimed to elucidate the molecular mechanism and host target of the IpaH4.5 as well as its roles in S. flexneri infection.Methodology. The GAP assay was used to identify substrate Rab GTPases of IpaH4.5. A coimmunoprecipitation assay was applied to identify the interaction of Rab GTPases with IpaH4.5. A confocal microscopy analysis was used to assess the effects of IpaH4.5 on mannose 6-phosphate receptor (MPR) trafficking. To identify the effects of IpaH4.5 GAP activity on the activity of lysosomal cathepsin B, the Magic Red-RR assay was used. Finally, the intracellular persistence assay was used to identify IpaH4.5 GAP activity in S. flexneri intracellular growth.Results. We found that the effector IpaH4.5 disrupts MPR trafficking and lysosomal function, thereby counteracting host lysosomal degradation. IpaH4.5 harbours TBC-like dual-finger motifs and exhibits potent RabGAP activities towards Rab31. IpaH4.5 disrupts the transport of the cation-dependent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CD-MPR) from the Golgi to the endosome by targeting Rab31, thereby attenuating lysosomal function. As a result, the intracellular persistence of S. flexneri requires IpaH4.5 TBC-like GAP activity to mediate bacterial escape from host lysosome-mediated elimination.Conclusion. We identified an unknown function of IpaH4.5 and its potential role in S. flexneri infection.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Bactérias/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Shigella flexneri/patogenicidade , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Antígenos de Bactérias/química , Antígenos de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Domínio Catalítico , Catepsina B/metabolismo , Endossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/química , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/genética , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/metabolismo , Complexo de Golgi/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Transporte Proteico , Receptor IGF Tipo 2/metabolismo , Shigella flexneri/metabolismo , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/genética
17.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 172: 578-589, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242792

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) is the leading cause of acute liver failure (ALF), which is characterized by GSH depletion, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the specific mechanism of APAP-induced ALF remains to be clarified. In this study, we demonstrated that indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) aggravated APAP-induced ALF associated with excess lipid peroxidation, which was reversed by lipid peroxidation inhibitor (ferrostatin-1). Meanwhile, IDO1 deficiency effectively decreased the accumulation of reactive nitrogen species. Additionally, IDO1 deficiency prevented against APAP-induced liver injury through suppressing the activation of macrophages, thereby reduced their iron uptake and export, eventually reduced iron accumulation in hepatocytes through transferrin and transferrin receptor axis. In summary, our study confirmed that APAP-induced IDO1 aggravated ALF by triggering excess oxidative and nitrative stress and iron accumulation in liver. These results offer new insights for the clinical treatment of ALF or iron-dysregulated liver diseases in the future.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Dioxigenases , Falência Hepática Aguda , Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Dioxigenases/metabolismo , Hepatócitos , Ferro/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Falência Hepática Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Falência Hepática Aguda/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo
18.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol ; 14: 747-751, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34234500

RESUMO

Objective: The present study aims to explore the individualized treatment options for multisite pressure ulcer (PU) at various stages in elderly patients with multiple medical conditions. Methods: Stages 1 and 2 PU at 146 sites were treated with closed negative pressure suction combined with continuous micro-oxygen perfusion and the local application of foam dressings, silver ion dressings, and moist burn cream. Stages 3 and 4 PU in the sacrococcygeal region were treated with skin or myocutaneous flap transplantation. Results: Stages 1 and 2 PU healed after treatment with closed negative pressure suction combined with continuous micro-oxygen perfusion and dressing changes. One case died during hospitalization due to an illness. Skin or myocutaneous flap repair was conducted in 34 cases of stage 3 or 4 PU in the sacrococcygeal area. Of these cases, 28 achieved primary healing, and 6 required two or three surgeries, 5 of which received micro-skin implantation. In addition, 10 small deep PU at other sites were repaired by direct excision and suturing or local flap repair. Seven cases were transferred to other departments or hospitals due to concomitant diseases or were discharged automatically without surgical treatment. Conclusion: Home care for geriatric patients is difficult. PU often occur at multiple sites because of the duration of various pressures, and different sites may demonstrate different stages because of varying degrees of pressure. When actively treating stages 3 and 4 PU, the trauma management of stages 1 and 2 PU should not be neglected.

19.
J Fish Dis ; 44(11): 1865-1873, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287946

RESUMO

Galectin-9, an important pathogen recognition receptor (PRR), could recognize and bind pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) on the surface of invading microorganisms, initiating the innate immune responses. A galectin-9 was identified from Qihe crucian carp Carassius auratus and designated as CaGal-9. The predicted CaGal-9 protein contained two non-identical carbohydrate recognition domains (CRDs), namely, N-CRD and C-CRD. The recombinant proteins (rCaGal-9, rN-CRD and rC-CRD) were purified from Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and exhibited strong agglutinating activity with erythrocytes of rabbit. The haemagglutination was inhibited by D-galactose, α-lactose and N-acetyl-D-galactose. Results of microbial agglutination assay showed that three recombinant proteins agglutinated Gram-negative bacterium Aeromonas hydrophila and Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. With regard to the binding activity, each recombinant protein could bind to LPS, PGN and the examined microorganisms (A. hydrophila and S. aureus) with different binding affinities. The integrated analyses suggested that CaGal-9 with two CRD domains could play an important role in immune defence against pathogenic microorganisms for C. auratus.


Assuntos
Carpas/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Galectinas/genética , Aeromonas hydrophila , Aglutinação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Carpas/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Galectinas/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Padrões Moleculares Associados a Patógenos , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Staphylococcus aureus
20.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(15): 7169-7180, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180143

RESUMO

In diabetes-induced complications, inflammatory-mediated endothelial dysfunction is the core of disease progression. Evidence shows that kakonein, an isoflavone common in Pueraria, can effectively treat diabetes and its complications. Therefore, we explored whether kakonein protects cardiovascular endothelial function by inhibiting inflammatory responses. In this study, C57BL/6J mice were injected with streptozocin to establish a diabetes model and treated with kakonein or metformin for 7 days. The protective effect of kakonein on cardiovascular endothelial junctions and NLRP3 inflammasome activation was verified through immunofluorescence and ELISA assay. In addition, the regulation of autophagy on the NLRP3 inflammasome was investigated through Western blot, immunofluorescence and RT-qPCR. Results showed that kakonein restored the function of endothelial junctions and inhibited the assembly and activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Interestingly, kakonein decreased the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome protein by not reducing the transcriptional levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1. Kakonein activated autophagy in an AMPK-dependent manner, which reduced the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. In addition, kakonein inhibited both hyperglycaemia-induced cardiovascular endothelial junction dysfunction and NLRP3 inflammasome activation, similar to autophagy agonist. Our findings indicated that kakonein exerts a protective effect on hyperglycaemia-induced chronic vascular disease by regulating the NLRP3 inflammasome through autophagy.

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