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1.
Future Oncol ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166977

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the prognostic value of the systemic inflammatory marker (SIM) based on neutrophil, lymphocyte and monocyte counts in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. Patients & methods: We retrospectively collected the data of 367 patients with HNSCC who underwent surgery. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression analysis were conducted on disease-free survival and overall survival. Results: A high SIM (>1.34) was associated with larger tumor size, advanced clinical stage and shorter survival time. The survival analysis showed that only clinical stage and SIM were independent prognostic indicators of disease-free survival and overall survival. Conclusion: The SIM positively correlated with tumor progression and might be a powerful prognostic indicator of poor outcome in patients with HNSCC.

2.
Behav Brain Res ; 385: 112561, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32070690

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As an atypical antipsychotic drug, quetiapine had been approved for bipolar disorder and for adjunctive therapy in major depressive disorder and schizophrenia. Recently quetiapine has been suggested to be a promising pharmacotherapy for alcohol dependence. This study was performed to determine the effects of quetiapine in rats chronically exposed to ethanol. METHODS: Rats were exposed to ethanol solution (10 %; v/v) for 6 weeks. Saline or one of three doses of quetiapine (10, 20 or 40 mg/kg/day) was given by oral gavage while ethanol exposure for the next 14 weeks. Performance of learning and memory and withdrawal signs were evaluated. Then immunohistochemistry, western blot, quantitative real-time-PCR and transmission electron microscopy were performed to determine the effects of quetiapine on alterations of brain white matter markers (myelin basic protein, MBP; proteolipid protein, PLP) and morphology caused by chronic ethanol exposure. RESULTS: Quetiapine treatment significantly alleviated withdrawal signs in the ethanol exposed rats. Chronic ethanol exposure reduced Y-type electric maze scores and the protein/mRNA expression levels of MBP and PLP in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, and these effects were reversed by quetiapine treatment. Similar ultrastructure morphological changes were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic quetiapine treatment alleviated the damage induced by chronic ethanol exposure with regard to learning and memory ability and to brain white matter. Thus, quetiapine appears to be a potentially promising pharmacotherapy for the treatment of alcohol use disorder.

3.
Chemosphere ; 249: 126194, 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32086065

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), nitro- (NPAHs) and oxy-derivatives (OPAHs) are of considerable concern due to their toxicity and carcinogenic hazards. Ships are recognized as an important emission source of these compounds. Marine diesel oil (MDO) and heavy fuel oil (HFO) are the two most commonly used fuels. The emission characteristics and toxicities of PM2.5-bound PAHs, NPAHs and OPAHs due to HFO and MDO combustion in atypical ocean-going vessel were investigated. The EF variability of polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) varied considerably with the fuel formulation (HFO and MDO) and engine loading (20%-100%). The concentration of ΣPACs was 0.63 mg/kWh for MDO and ranged from 2.14 to 9.80 mg/kWh for HFO. Compared to HFO-20%, the EFs of ΣPAHs, ΣNPAHs and ΣOPAHs from MDO-20% were reduced by 97%, 77% and 73%, respectively. As identified through the coefficient of divergence, the profile of HFO-20% was notably different from those under the other three engine loadings for HFO. In addition, the emissions of ΣPAHs and ΣOPAHs showed a significant correlation with PM2.5, while they were relatively weak for ΣNPAHs. However, the CO and PAC emissions were not highly correlated. Furthermore, the BaPeq-ΣPAHs values were 0.010 mg/g for MDO and ranged from 0.092 mg/g to 0.306 mg/g for HFO, and the reduction ranged from 89% to 97% by substituting MDO for HFO. These data highlight the importance of improving fuel quality in close proximity to port areas and are useful for enhancing relevant databases.

4.
New Phytol ; 225(4): 1606-1617, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569267

RESUMO

Two types of tonoplast proton pumps, H+ -pyrophosphatase (V-PPase) and the H+ -ATPase (V-ATPase), establish the proton gradient that powers molecular traffic across the tonoplast thereby facilitating turgor regulation and nutrient homeostasis. However, how proton pumps regulate development remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the function of two types of proton pumps in Arabidopsis embryo development and pattern formation. While disruption of either V-PPase or V-ATPase had no obvious effect on plant embryo development, knocking out both resulted in severe defects in embryo pattern formation from the early stage. While the first division in wild-type zygote was asymmetrical, a nearly symmetrical division occurred in the mutant, followed by abnormal pattern formation at all stages of embryo development. The embryonic defects were accompanied by dramatic differences in vacuole morphology and distribution, as well as disturbed localisation of PIN1. The development of mutant cotyledons and root, and the auxin response of mutant seedlings supported the hypothesis that mutants lacking tonoplast proton pumps were defective in auxin transport and distribution. Taking together, we proposed that two tonoplast proton pumps are required for vacuole morphology and PIN1 localisation, thereby controlling vacuole and auxin-related developmental processes in Arabidopsis embryos and seedlings.

6.
Int J Gynecol Pathol ; 39(2): e5-e10, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433378

RESUMO

Sclerosing stromal tumor (SST) is an extremely rare ovarian neoplasm that primarily affects young female individuals. Patients with SST often present with pelvic pain and menstrual irregularities. Herein, we report a case of SST of the ovary in an 11-yr-old girl with symptoms of abdominal pain and menstrual irregularities. A preoperative diagnosis of tumors in the left adnexa and right ovary was made by pelvic ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging, and the patient underwent exploratory laparotomy and laparoscopic cystectomy. The ovarian masses were removed and proven to be SST in the left ovary and Müllerian cyst in the right fallopian tube on histopathologic examination and immunochemistry. To our knowledge, the 11-yr-old patient presented here was the only case with SST and Müllerian cyst simultaneously.

7.
Chem Biol Interact ; 315: 108901, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733186

RESUMO

Chondrocytes in joints are responsible for the formation and remodeling of articular cartilage. The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in cartilage is detrimental to the survival of chondrocytes. Linagliptin is one of the most commonly used anti-diabetes agents, and recent work indicates that it exerts an anti-inflammatory effect in different cell types. In this study, we showed that Linagliptin had a protective role in AGEs-induced chondrocyte injury. The presence of Linagliptin ameliorated AGEs-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction and reduced cellular protein carboxyl content. Linagliptin mitigated AGEs-induced mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) reduction and NAPDH oxidase subunit NOX-4 induction, indicating that Linagliptin is a potent anti-ROS agent in chondrocytes. Additionally, Linagliptin inhibited AGEs-induced production of high mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB-1), and the expression of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs)-2 and -9. Flow cytometry experimentation showed that Linagliptin inhibited AGEs-induced apoptotic subpopulation. Moreover, Linagliptin inhibited the AGEs-induced increased ratio of Bax to Bcl-2, translocation of cytochrome C from mitochondria to the cytoplasm, and release of cleaved caspase-3. Collectively, our data indicate that the anti-diabetes drug Linagliptin has a new role in rescuing chondrocyte from insult by AGEs, and may, therefore, have the potential to treat joint disorders.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Linagliptina/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Cartilagem Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Citoplasma/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoplasma/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
8.
Antioxid Redox Signal ; 32(9): 583-601, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870162

RESUMO

Aims: The physiological and pathological importance of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as a novel gasotransmitter has been widely recognized. Cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) is one of the major H2S-producing enzymes and it regulates diverse functions in connection with intracellular calcium (Ca2+). The aim of this study is to examine the role of H2S in Golgi stress-related cell injury and skeletal muscle disorders. Results: Golgi stressors (brefeldin A [BFA] and monensin) decreased the expression of GM130 and ATP2C1 (two markers of Golgi stress response), induced Golgi apparatus fragmentation, and caused a higher level of oxidative stress and cell apoptosis in mouse myoblast cells. In addition, Golgi stressors upregulated CSE expression and endogenous H2S generation, and exogenously applied H2S was able to protect but inhibition of CSE/H2S system deteriorated Golgi stress response. Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) acted as an upstream molecule to increase CSE expression on Golgi stress response. Mechanically, Golgi stressors induced intracellular level of Ca2+, and chelating cellular Ca2+ markedly attenuated Golgi stress response, indicating the key role of Ca2+ in initiating Golgi stress and cell apoptosis. Further, administration of either angiotensin II or BFA initiated Golgi stress response and induced skeletal muscle atrophy in mice, which was further deteriorated by CSE deficiency but rescued by exogenously applied sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS). Innovation and Conclusion: The activation of the CSE/H2S pathway and the decrease of intracellular Ca2+ are two cellular protective mechanisms against Golgi stress, and the CSE/H2S system would be a target for preventing skeletal muscle dysfunctions.

9.
ISME J ; 14(1): 135-150, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595051

RESUMO

Deep-sea hydrothermal vents and methane seeps are often densely populated by animals that host chemosynthetic symbiotic bacteria, but the molecular mechanisms of such host-symbiont relationship remain largely unclear. We characterized the symbiont genome of the seep-living siboglinid Paraescarpia echinospica and compared seven siboglinid-symbiont genomes. Our comparative analyses indicate that seep-living siboglinid endosymbionts have more virulence traits for establishing infections and modulating host-bacterium interaction than the vent-dwelling species, and have a high potential to resist environmental hazards. Metatranscriptome and metaproteome analyses of the Paraescarpia holobiont reveal that the symbiont is highly versatile in its energy use and efficient in carbon fixation. There is close cooperation within the holobiont in production and supply of nutrients, and the symbiont may be able to obtain nutrients from host cells using virulence factors. Moreover, the symbiont is speculated to have evolved strategies to mediate host protective immunity, resulting in weak expression of host innate immunity genes in the trophosome. Overall, our results reveal the interdependence of the tubeworm holobiont through mutual nutrient supply, a pathogen-type regulatory mechanism, and host-symbiont cooperation in energy utilization and nutrient production, which is a key adaptation allowing the tubeworm to thrive in deep-sea chemosynthetic environments.

10.
Sci Data ; 6(1): 281, 2019 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767847

RESUMO

'Zhongai 1' [(Pyrus ussuriensis × communis) × spp.] is an excellent pear dwarfing rootstock common in China. It is dwarf itself and has high dwarfing efficiency on most of main Pyrus cultivated species when used as inter-stock. Here we describe the draft genome sequences of 'Zhongai 1' which was assembled using PacBio long reads, Illumina short reads and Hi-C technology. We estimated the genome size is approximately 511.33 Mb by K-mer analysis and obtained a final genome of 510.59 Mb with a contig N50 size of 1.28 Mb. Next, 506.31 Mb (99.16%) of contigs were clustered into 17 chromosomes with a scaffold N50 size of 23.45 Mb. We further predicted 309.86 Mb (60.68%) of repetitive sequences and 43,120 protein-coding genes. The assembled genome will be a valuable resource and reference for future pear breeding, genetic improvement, and comparative genomics among related species. Moreover, it will help identify genes involved in dwarfism, early flowering, stress tolerance, and commercially desirable fruit characteristics.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657488

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Proteins from the egg perivitelline fluid (PVF) are assumed to play critical roles in embryonic development, but for many groups of animals their identities remain unknown. Identifying egg PVF proteins is a critical step towards understanding their functions including their roles in evolutionary transition in habitats. METHODS: We applied proteomic and transcriptomic analysis to analyse the PVF proteome of the eggs of Pomacea diffusa, an out-of-water ovipositing freshwater snail in the family Ampullariidae. The PVF proteins were separated with SDS-PAGE method, and proteomic analysis was conducted using LTQ Velos Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer coupled with liquid chromatography. Comparison of PVF proteomes and evolution analyses were performed between P. diffusa and other ampullariids. RESULTS: In total, 32 egg PVF proteins were identified from P. diffusa. They were categorized as PV1-like subunits, immune responsive proteins, protein degradation, signaling and binding, transcription and translation, metabolism, oxidation-reduction and unknown function. Interestingly, the proteome includes a calcium binding protein important in forming the hard eggshell that enabled the terrestrial transition. However, it does not include PV2, a neurotoxic protein that was assumed to be present in all Pomacea species. CONCLUSIONS: The PVF proteome data from P. diffusa can help us better understand the roles of reproductive proteins played during the transition from underwater to terrestrial egg deposition. Moreover, they could be useful in comparative studies of the terrestrialization in several groups of animals that occurred independently during their evolution.

12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 6494306, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583042

RESUMO

Cardiac hypertrophy is defined as the enlargement of the cardiac myocytes, leading to improper nourishment and oxygen supply due to the increased functional demand. This increased stress on the cardiac system commonly leads to myocardial infarction, contributing to 85% of all cardiac-related deaths. Cystathionine gamma-lyase- (CSE-) derived H2S is a novel gasotransmitter and plays a critical role in the preservation of cardiac functions. Selenocysteine lyase (SCLY) has been identified to produce H2Se, the selenium homologue of H2S. Deficiency of selenium is often found in Keshan disease, a congestive cardiomyopathy. The interaction of H2S and H2Se in cardiac cell hypertrophy has not been explored. In this study, cell viability was evaluated with a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Oxidative stress and cell size were observed through immunostaining. The expression of genes was determined by real-time PCR and western blot. Here, we demonstrated that incubation of rat cardiac cells (H9C2) with H2O2 lead to increased oxidative stress and cell surface area, which were significantly attenuated by pretreatment of either H2S or H2Se. H2S incubation induced SCLY/H2Se signaling, which next caused higher expressions and activities of selenoproteins, including glutathione peroxidase and thioredoxin reductase. Furthermore, deficiency of CSE inhibited the expressions of SCLY and selenoprotein P in mouse heart tissues. We also found that both H2S and H2Se stimulated Nrf2-targeted downstream genes. These data suggests that H2S protects against cardiac hypertrophy through enhancement of a group of antioxidant proteins.

13.
J Obes Metab Syndr ; 28(3): 175-185, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583382

RESUMO

Background: Autophagy maintains metabolic homeostasis of muscles, and its impairment may cause muscle dysfunction. Exercise can improve muscle dysfunction induced by long-term high-fat diet. This study aimed to explore the association of autophagy with impaired muscle dysfunction in obese conditions and investigate its relationship with exercise-induced muscle function improvement. Methods: Male C57BL/6 mice (n=24) were randomly assigned to four groups: low-fat diet+plain water feeding sedentary (CON) group, low-fat diet+plain water feeding exercise (CON+EX) group, high-fat high-sucrose (HFHS) diet-fed sedentary group, and HFHS diet-fed exercise (HFHS+EX) group, and subjected to a single bout of exhaustive exercise. Results: HFHS diet resulted in shorter hanging time, reduced grip force, and lower exhaustion time and distance, and decreased lean mass per body weight. Moreover, in the soleus, which is chosen as a representative red (oxidative) muscle, LC3II/LC3I ratio, P62, and Bnip3 levels were altered following the HFHS diet, and were negatively correlated with muscle performance parameters; exercise significantly decreased the LC3II/LC3 ratio while P62 increased with HFHS diet. Autophagy-related protein changes were not found in the white (glycolytic) gastrocnemius. Conclusion: The study revealed that 20-week HFHS diet causes a significant increase in body weight and fat mass, along with a decrease in muscle function. Autophagy-related LC3 and P62 protein expression was negatively correlated with muscle function, and they were reduced when a single bout of exercise stimulated the soleus of obese mice. However, no change of autophagy-related proteins was seen in the gastrocnemius.

14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4209, 2019 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31527657

RESUMO

Natural killer/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is a rare and aggressive malignancy with a higher prevalence in Asia and South America. However, the molecular genetic mechanisms underlying NKTCL remain unclear. Here, we identify somatic mutations of GNAQ (encoding the T96S alteration of Gαq protein) in 8.7% (11/127) of NKTCL patients, through whole-exome/targeted deep sequencing. Using conditional knockout mice (Ncr1-Cre-Gnaqfl/fl), we demonstrate that Gαq deficiency leads to enhanced NK cell survival. We also find that Gαq suppresses tumor growth of NKTCL via inhibition of the AKT and MAPK signaling pathways. Moreover, the Gαq T96S mutant may act in a dominant negative manner to promote tumor growth in NKTCL. Clinically, patients with GNAQ T96S mutations have inferior survival. Taken together, we identify recurrent somatic GNAQ T96S mutations that may contribute to the pathogenesis of NKTCL. Our work thus has implications for refining our understanding of the genetic mechanisms of NKTCL and for the development of therapies.


Assuntos
Subunidades alfa Gq-G11 de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Linfoma de Células T/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Animais , Feminino , Subunidades alfa Gq-G11 de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/imunologia , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Células T Matadoras Naturais/imunologia
15.
Brain Sci ; 9(8)2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412586

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review is to quantitatively estimate (or invest) the impacts of sports-related concussions (SRCs) on cognitive performance among retired athletes more than 10 years after retirement. Methods: Six databases including (MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, and PsycArtilces) were employed to retrieve the related studies. Studies that evaluate the association between cognitive function and the SRC of retired athletes sustaining more than 10 years were included. Results: A total of 11 studies that included 792 participants (534 retired athletes with SRC) were identified. The results indicated that the retired athletes with SRCs, compared to the non-concussion group, had significant cognitive deficits in verbal memory (SMD = -0.29, 95% CI -0.59 to -0.02, I2 = 52.8%), delayed recall (SMD = -0.30, 95% CI -0.46 to 0.07, I2 = 27.9%), and attention (SMD = -0.33, 95% CI -0.59 to -0.06, I2 = 0%). Additionally, meta-regression demonstrated that the period of time between testing and the last concussion is significantly associated with reduced verbal memory (ß = -0.03681, p = 0.03), and increasing age is significantly associated with the verbal memory (ß = -0.03767, p = 0.01), immediate recall (ß = -0.08684, p = 0.02), and delay recall (ß = -0.07432, p = 0.02). Conclusion: The retired athletes who suffered from SRCs during their playing career had declined cognitive performance in partial domains (immediate recall, visuospatial ability, and reaction time) later in life.

16.
Risk Anal ; 39(12): 2718-2731, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441948

RESUMO

The observed global sea level rise owing to climate change, coupled with the potential increase in extreme storms, requires a reexamination of existing infrastructural planning, construction, and management practices. Storm surge shows the effects of rising sea levels. The recent super storms that hit the United States (e.g., Hurricane Katrina in 2005, Sandy in 2012, Harvey and Maria in 2017) and China (e.g., Typhoon Haiyan in 2010) inflicted serious loss of life and property. Water level rise (WLR) of local coastal areas is a combination of sea level rise, storm surge, precipitation, and local land subsidence. Quantitative assessments of the impact of WLR include scenario identification, consequence assessment, vulnerability and flooding assessment, and risk management using inventory of assets from coastal areas, particularly population centers, to manage flooding risk and to enhance infrastructure resilience of coastal cities. This article discusses the impact of WLR on urban infrastructures with case studies of Washington, DC, and Shanghai. Based on the flooding risk analysis under possible scenarios, the property loss for Washington, DC, was evaluated, and the impact on the metro system of Shanghai was examined.

17.
Front Plant Sci ; 10: 980, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404166

RESUMO

Brassinosteroid (BR) is a family of bioactive steroid hormones that plays vital roles in plant growth and development. The BR-mediated regulation of plant growth and architecture has been well studied. However, relatively few studies have investigated the BR-related regulation of reproductive development because of the difficulties in excluding non-specific regulation and secondary responses from severe vegetative phenotypes and poor nutritional status. Furthermore, differentially regulating the BR signal in vegetative and reproductive organs is problematic. Thus, establishing a method for modulating the BR signal only in reproductive organs or during reproductive developmental stages will be beneficial. Additionally, the utility of BR applications for crop production is limited because of deleterious side-effects, including the associated decrease in the planting density and lodging resistance. Moreover, enhancing the BR signal may lead to feedback inhibition. In this study, we developed a transformation system for modulating the BR signal differentially during reproductive and vegetative developmental stages. This system involves transformations with different combinations of a reproductive tissue-specific promoter, coding sequences that increase or decrease the BR signal, and various genotypic backgrounds with enhanced or decreased BR signals. The enhanced BR signal generated in transformants was targeted to reproductive organs without affecting vegetative organs. This system may be useful for studying the BR-specific regulation of plant reproductive development and shows promise for optimizing seed yield.

18.
Cell Biosci ; 9: 56, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31312427

RESUMO

Background: Water scarcity is considered to be a severe environmental constraint to plant survival and productivity. Studies on drought-tolerant plants would definitely promote a better understanding of the regulatory mechanism lying behind the adaptive response of plants to drought. Opisthopappus taihangensis (ling) shih is a typical drought-tolerant perennial plant species endemically distributed across the Taihang Mountains in China, but the underlying mechanism for drought tolerance of this particular species remains elusive. Results: To mimic natural drought stress, O. taihangensis plants were treated with two different concentrations (25% and 5%) of polyethylene glycol (PEG6000), which represent the H group (high salinity) and the L group (low salinity), respectively. The physiological characteristics of these two groups of plants, including relative water content maintenance (RWC), proline content and chlorophyll content were assessed and compared with plants in the control group (CK), which had normal irrigation. There was not a significant difference in RWC when comparing plants in the L group with the control group. Proline was accumulated to a higher level, and chlorophyll content was decreased slightly in plants under low drought stress. In plants from the H group, a lower RWC was observed. Proline was accumulated to an even higher level when compared with plants from the L group, and chlorophyll content was further reduced in plants under high drought stress. Transcriptomic analysis was carried out to look for genes that are differentially expressed (DEGs) in O. taihangensis plants coping adaptively with the two levels of drought stress. A total of 23,056 genes are differentially expressed between CK and L, among which 12,180 genes are up-regulated and 10,876 genes are down-regulated. Between H and L, 6182 genes are up-regulated and 1850 genes are down-regulated, which gives a total of 8032 genes. The highest number of genes, that are differentially expressed, was obtained when a comparison was made between CK and H. A total of 43,074 genes were found to be differentially expressed with 26,977 genes up-regulated and 16,097 genes down-regulated. Further analysis of these genes suggests that many of the up-regulated genes are enriched in pathways involved in amino acid metabolism. Besides, 39 transcription factors (TFs) were found to be continuously up-regulated with the increase of drought stress level. Conclusion: Taken together, the results indicate that O. taihangensis plants are able to live adaptively under drought stress by responding physiologically and regulating the expression of a substantial number of drought-responsive genes and TFs to avoid adverse effects.

19.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(11)2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31212659

RESUMO

In this article, Bi2O3/Al high-density energetic composites with a core-shell structure were prepared by a two-step ball milling method using a common planetary ball milling instrument, and their morphology, structure, and properties were characterized in detail. Through a reasonable ratio design and optimization of the ball milling conditions, the density of the Bi2O3/Al core-shell energetic composite is increased by about 11.3% compared to that of the physical mixed sample under the same conditions. The DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry) test also showed that the exothermic quantity of the thermite reaction of the energetic composite reached 2112.21 J/g, which is very close to the theoretical exothermic quantity. The effect of Bi2O3/Al core-shell energetic composite on the energy performance of insensitive HTPE propellant was further studied. The theoretical calculation results showed that replacing the partial Al with Bi2O3/Al core-shell energetic composite can make the density of propellant reach 2.056 g/cm3, and the density specific impulse reach 502.3 s·g/cm3, which is significantly higher than the density and density specific impulse of the conventional composite solid propellant. The thermal test showed that the explosive heat of the HTPE (Hydroxyl terminated polyether) propellant also increased with the increase of the content of Bi2O3/Al core-shell energetic composite.

20.
Integr Med Res ; 8(2): 92-100, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31193415

RESUMO

Background: This systematic review was performed to investigate the effects of Chinese herbal nedicine (CHM) on cognitive function and activity of daily living (ADL) in individuals with Alzheimer's disease. Methods: Five electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cinahl, PsycArticles, and CNKI) were searched from inception to January 2019. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of CHM on cognition and activity of daily living in adults with Alzheimer's disease were included. We pooled the effects size using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Software. Cochrane risk of bias tool was used to evaluate the study quality. Results: Twenty-five RCTs (1855 individuals with AD) were included in this review. Overall findings of this meta-analysis indicated that CHM improved the cognitive function (SMD = 0.66, 95% CI [0.44, 0.89], I 2 = 77.9%, p < 0.001) and ADL (SMD = 0.38, 95% CI [0.25, 0.49], I 2 = 35.3%, p < 0.001) compared with conventional drugs. No publication biases were observed on both cognitive function and ADL. Conclusion: CHM may have potential effects for improving cognitive function and ADL for individuals with AD compared with conventional drug therapies. However, the evidence is limited because of high risk of bias of the included trials.

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