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2.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026474

RESUMO

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) may soon replace routine electrophoretic methods for monitoring monoclonal proteins in patients with multiple myeloma. To further evaluate the clinical utility of this assay, we compared the performance of MALDI-TOF-MS head-to-head with an established bone marrow-based measurable residual disease assay by flow cytometry (Flow-BM-MRD), using Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center's 10-color, single-tube method. Our results suggest that MALDI-TOF-MS adds value to bone marrow-based MRD testing and may be most useful for early detection of relapse in peripheral blood compared to current electrophoretic methods.

5.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125027, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606002

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate whether the plant-growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) could enhance phytoremediation efficiency of Scirpus triqueter (S.triqueter) in the pyrene-Ni co-contaminated soil. We also expected to reveal the possible mechanism for the affected phytoremediation efficiency induced by PGPR. We used three kinds of contaminated soils (Ni-contaminated soil, pyrene-contaminated soil and pyrene-Ni co-contaminated soil) to conduct this pot study. After harvest, plants growth indicators, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity and soil microbial community structure of each treatment were investigated to explain the different dissipation rates of pyrene and removal rates of Ni between treatments with and without PGPR. The results showed that PGPR-inoculated S. triqueter increased dissipation rates of pyrene and removal rates of Ni in all three contaminated soils, among which Ni removal rates in Ni single contaminated soil was elevated most significantly, from 0.895‰ to 8.8‰, increasing nearly 9 folds. However, Ni removal rate efficiency in co-contaminated soil was weakened because more toxic and complicated co-contaminated soil restrained plant growth and Ni absorption. We also observed that co-contamination harmed the soil microbial community more severely than that in single pyrene or Ni contaminated soil through phospholipid fatty acids analysis. Furthermore, dissipation rates of pyrene and removal rates of Ni were found positively correlated to the PPO activity and the abundance of branched and saturated fatty acids reflected by Pearson correlation analysis.

6.
Int J Phytoremediation ; 22(3): 313-321, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522526

RESUMO

Heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) co-contamination in the soil is widespread. Phytoremediation is often used to remediate co-contaminated soil, but few studies focused on the effects of nickel on the dissipation and uptake of pyrene in phytoremediation. The dissipation of pyrene, the uptake, and distribution of pyrene in Agropyron cristatum L. (A. cristatum) were investigated in this study in the presence of nickel. The pyrene removal rate in single pyrene-contaminated soil with A. cristatum cultivation (48.97%) was the highest, which was higher than that of the co-contamination (47.88%). This was due to the high soil microbial activity and high dissolved organic matter (DOM) contents. In single pyrene-contaminated soil, pyrene was mainly accumulated in the soluble fraction in shoots and on the cell wall in roots of A. cristatuma. Besides, nickel could promote the adsorption of pyrene on the cell wall. Pyrene in A. cristatum could be transported through the apoplast and symplast, and the pyrene contents in the symplast were 2-3 times that of the apoplast. The uptake of pyrene by A. cristatum included both active absorption and passive transportation. Active absorption involved H+ transport and energy conversion processes, and passive transport was associated with water protein channels.

7.
Int J Phytoremediation ; 22(3): 251-258, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475859

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) contamination is the most extensive pollution in China farmland. A greenhouse pot trial was conducted to investigate the effects of cornstalk biochar on Cd accumulation by Phytolacca americana L. (pokeweed) in Cd-contaminated soil. The Cd concentration increased in leaves, shoots, and roots of plants amended with 5% biochar by 79%, 113%, and 32%, respectively, compared with the pokeweed without biochar. The Cd availability, soil Cd speciation, soil fertility, root biomass, and Cd chemical forms in root were investigated to explore the mechanism by which Cd uptake increased in presence of biochar. The extractability of Cd by DTPA decreased in presence of biochar by 30% compared with that of soil without biochar. The increases occurred with dose of biochar increased in available phosphorus, labile organic carbon, and C/N atom ratio. Although, the dry weight of the aboveground part of the pokeweed decreased by 38.5%, however, the weight of roots increased by 20.8%. Root biomass and microbial activity reached maximum in the treatment that recieved 5% biochar. Cd forms extracted by NaCl and acetic acid (HAc) were predominant in root. When 5% biochar applied to soil, HAc-extracted Cd took up maximum of the increase in root.

8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 123: 109749, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intestinal mucosal barrier damage is an important mechanism for the development of sepsis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. At present, there are no satisfactory and effective methods for the protection of the intestinal mucosal barrier. Jinzhi, the first fecal microbiota transplantation worldwide, is often used to treat critically ill patients; however, the specific mechanism involved in this process remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Jinzhi intervention on mice with sepsis induced through treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: Mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS to simulate intestinal mucosal barrier function damage in sepsis; intervention was performed through the oral administration of Jinzhi. The effect of Jinzhi on LPS-induced sepsis was analyzed by comparing the vital signs and survival rate of mice under different treatments. Pathological staining and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to identify the effects of LPS or treatment with Jinzhi on the intestinal mucosal barrier in mice. The effect of LPS or treatment with Jinzhi on the intestinal flora was analyzed via 16S rRNA gene sequencing of ileal contents. RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that treatment with LPS increased levels of inflammatory factors (interleukin-1α, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α), caspase-3, and caspase-8 in the serum and ileum, and destroyed the tight junction between epithelial cells. Intervention with Jinzhi reduced levels of serum LPS and tumor necrosis factor-α, and repaired the tight junction between epithelial cells. Furthermore, 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis showed that treatment with Jinzhi improved the diversity and physiological function of the intestinal flora. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that Jinzhi may be a promising option for the treatment of sepsis caused by LPS, and emphasize that Jinzhi exerts a recovery effect on the imbalance of intestinal flora.

9.
Blood Cancer J ; 9(12): 101, 2019 12 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827071

RESUMO

Recent genomic research efforts in multiple myeloma have revealed clinically relevant molecular subgroups beyond conventional cytogenetic classifications. Implementing these advances in clinical trial design and in routine patient care requires a new generation of molecular diagnostic tools. Here, we present a custom capture next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel designed to identify rearrangements involving the IGH locus, arm level, and focal copy number aberrations, as well as frequently mutated genes in multiple myeloma in a single assay. We sequenced 154 patients with plasma cell disorders and performed a head-to-head comparison with the results from conventional clinical assays, i.e., fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarray. Our custom capture NGS panel had high sensitivity (>99%) and specificity (>99%) for detection of IGH translocations and relevant chromosomal gains and losses in multiple myeloma. In addition, the assay was able to capture novel genomic markers associated with poor outcome such as bi-allelic events involving TP53. In summary, we show that a multiple myeloma designed custom capture NGS panel can detect IGH translocations and CNAs with very high concordance in relation to FISH and SNP microarrays and importantly captures the most relevant and recurrent somatic mutations in multiple myeloma rendering this approach highly suitable for clinical application in the modern era.

10.
Ann Palliat Med ; 8(5): 740-745, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865733

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and primary pancreatic cancer are common malignant tumors of the digestive system. However, there are significant differences in treatment methods, medication types, and survival prognoses. For patients whose imaging findings suggest there to be a significant pancreatic mass and multiple masses in the liver, it can be easily misdiagnosed as a primary pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis in the clinic instead. Therefore, patients with a high likelihood of primary pancreatic cancer based on their clinical data, the pathological diagnosis should be confirmed through a needle biopsy as early as possible to avoid a misdiagnosis and possible mistreatment. In this study, our department admitted a patient with HCC that was characterized by a pancreatic occupation. The clinical data originally highly suggested primary pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis, but the final pathological puncture results had confirmed pancreatic metastasis of HCC. This case reminds us that a pathological biopsy should still be used as the final means of definite diagnosis and should be widely popularized for pancreatic nodules.

11.
Mod Pathol ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676785

RESUMO

Recently discovered DNAJB1-PRKACA oncogenic fusions have been considered diagnostic for fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma. In this study, we describe six pancreatobiliary neoplasms with PRKACA fusions, five of which harbor the DNAJB1-PRKACA fusion. All neoplasms were subjected to a hybridization capture-based next-generation sequencing assay (MSK-IMPACT), which enables the identification of sequence mutations, copy number alterations, and selected structural rearrangements involving ≥410 genes (n = 6) and/or to a custom targeted, RNA-based panel (MSK-Fusion) that utilizes Archer Anchored Multiplex PCR technology and next-generation sequencing to detect gene fusions in 62 genes (n = 2). Selected neoplasms also underwent FISH analysis, albumin mRNA in-situ hybridization, and arginase-1 immunohistochemical labeling (n = 3). Five neoplasms were pancreatic, and one arose in the intrahepatic bile ducts. All revealed at least focal oncocytic morphology: three cases were diagnosed as intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasms, and three as intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms with mixed oncocytic and pancreatobiliary or gastric features. Four cases had an invasive carcinoma component composed of oncocytic cells. Five cases revealed DNAJB1-PRKACA fusions and one revealed an ATP1B1-PRKACA fusion. None of the cases tested were positive for albumin or arginase-1. Our data prove that DNAJB1-PRKACA fusion is neither exclusive nor diagnostic for fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma, and caution should be exercised in diagnosing liver tumors with DNAJB1-PRKACA fusions as fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma, particularly if a pancreatic lesion is present. Moreover, considering DNAJB1-PRKACA fusions lead to upregulated protein kinase activity and that this upregulated protein kinase activity has a significant role in tumorigenesis of fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma, protein kinase inhibition could have therapeutic potential in the treatment of these pancreatobiliary neoplasms as well, once a suitable drug is developed.

12.
Opt Express ; 27(20): 27702-27711, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684533

RESUMO

The orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes of electromagnetic (EM) beams are utilized for multiplexing in communication systems, where each OAM mode is encoded with data. The OAM index, or the so-called topological charge, identifies each OAM mode. Recently, the amplitude of OAM mode has also been used as another modulation format. Therefore, accurate extraction of not only the OAM index but also the corresponding amplitude is required. In this paper, a modified dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) algorithm is proposed to analyze the OAM modes. We show that accurate topological charges and high-resolution amplitude patterns of both single OAM mode and composite OAM modes can be obtained. This work offers an effective approach for demultiplexing OAM-carrying beams, especially when the high-resolution amplitude information is needed.

14.
Hum Pathol ; 94: 23-28, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669178

RESUMO

Prior cytogenetic profiling of osteosarcomas has suggested that amplifications at the 6p12-21 locus are relatively common alterations in these tumors. However, these studies have been limited by variable testing methodologies used as well as by the relatively small numbers of cases that have been analyzed. To better define the frequency of this alteration, 111 osteosarcomas were profiled using hybridization capture-based next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform (Memorial Sloan Kettering Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets) as part of an institutional clinical cancer genomics initiative. Using this platform, amplification at the 6p12-21 locus was determined by copy number assessment of the VEGFA and CCND3 genes. In addition, fluorescence in situ hybridization was used to assess copy number status for RUNX2, a known transcriptional regulator of osteoblastic differentiation which has previously been reported to be dysregulated in osteosarcomas. 6p12-21 amplification using NGS-based copy number assessment was confirmed in more than a fifth of all cases tested (24 of 111, 21.6%). Most of these cases, when tested using fluorescence in situ hybridization, were found to include RUNX2 within the amplified locus (17 of 18, 94.4%). Whereas many laboratories lack access to large-panel NGS assays, the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization to identify 6p12-21 amplification events by targeting RUNX2 represents a widely available diagnostic modality for the identification of such cases. This could help better define the role of RUNX2 in osteoblastic differentiation and serve as a surrogate for the identification of potentially targetable alterations such as VEGFA amplification at this locus.

15.
J Med Syst ; 43(11): 323, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612276

RESUMO

How to differentiate thyroid cancer nodules from a large number of benign nodules is always a challenging subject for clinicians. This paper proposes a novel Sal-deel network model to achieve the classification and diagnosis of thyroid cancer, which can simulate visual attention mechanism. The Sal-deep network introduces saliency map as an additional information on the deep residual network, which selectively enhances the feature extracted from different regions according to the mask map. Sal-deep network can work effectively for the benchmark networks with different data sets and different structures, and it is a universal network model. Sal-deep network increases the complexity of the network, but improves the efficiency of the network. A large number of qualitative and quantitative experiments show that our improved network is superior to other existing deep models in terms of classification accuracy rate and Recall, which is suitable for clinical application.

16.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2201, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616415

RESUMO

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) has emerged as a significant threat to the productivity of small ruminants worldwide. SLAM was identified as the primary receptor for PPRV and other Morbilliviruses, although the regulation of SLAM expression is not yet fully understood. In this study, we revealed a novel mechanism by which PPRV upregulates its receptor SLAM expression and thereby benefits its replication via suppressing miR-218, a novel negative miRNA directly targeting SLAM gene. We demonstrated that PPRV infection downregulates miR-218, which in turn enhances SLAM expression on the surface of goat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), thus promoting PPRV replication. Since SLAM signaling may modulate the immune responses induced by PPRV infection, we further examined the effect of SLAM expression on the production of various cytokines by PBMCs in the absence or presence of PPRV. We demonstrated that miR-218-mediated SLAM expression modulates the expression of IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-10, importantly, these modulatory effects were enhanced in the presence of PPRV infection. Furthermore, our data clearly showed that PPRV H protein is sufficient to regulate miR-218-mediated SLAM expression. Taken together, our results suggest a novel mechanism involving post-transcriptional regulation of SLAM receptor expression on goat PBMCs during PPRV infection.

17.
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk ; 19(12): e636-e648, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) increases with age. The overall prognosis remains poor for older patients. Studies on the efficacy of decitabine, an epigenetic agent, in older patients with AML have reported conflicting results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this meta-analysis, we performed a literature search and collected 38 studies (including 3298 patients with AML) to evaluate the role of decitabine in elderly patients with AML. We used complete response (CR) or overall response (OR) rate as indicators of effectiveness. RESULTS: Patients treated with decitabine have a higher CR/OR rate than those treated with low-dose cytarabine (CR, 2.60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.64-4.14; OR, 4.88; 95% CI, 1.98-12.04) or CAG/HAG (low-dose epirubicin and cytarabine with granulocyte stimulating factor/low-dose homoharringtonine and cytarabine with granulocyte stimulating factor) regimens (CR, 2.53; 95% CI, 1.98-3.23; OR, 2.89; 95% CI, 2.24-3.73). However, patients treated with decitabine had a CR rate equivalent to those treated with intensive chemotherapy (CR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.28-1.22; P = .15). Use of decitabine in combination with other regimens resulted in a higher CR/OR rate than did use of decitabine alone (P < .001); there was no significant difference in infection rates and early death rates (P > .05). CONCLUSION: The findings presented in this article show that decitabine is effective and safe for the treatment of older patients with AML.

18.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 774, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is the member of the genus Pestivirus within the Flaviviridae family and responsible for severe economic losses in the cattle industry. BVDV can employ 'infect-and-persist' strategy and 'hit-and-run' strategy to remain associated with hosts and thus contributes to BVDV circulation in cattle herds. BVDV have also evolved various strategies to evade the innate immunity of host. To further understand the mechanisms by which BVDV overcomes the host cell innate immune response and provide more clues for further understanding the BVDV-host interaction, in this descriptive study, we conducted a investigation of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of the host during BVDV infection by RNA-Seq analysis. RESULTS: Our analysis identified 1297, 1732, 3072, and 1877 DEGs in the comparison groups mock vs. MDBK cells infected with BVDV post 2 h (MBV2h), mock vs. MBV6h, mock vs. MBV12h, and mock vs. MBV24h, respectively. The reproducibility and repeatability of the results were validated by RT-qPCR. Enrichment analyses of GO annotations and KEGG pathways revealed the host DEGs that are potentially induced by BVDV infection and may participate in BVDV-host interactions. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analyses identified the potential interactions among the DEGs. Our findings suggested that BVDV infection induced the upregulation of genes involved in lipid metabolism. The expression of genes that have antiviral roles, including ISG15, Mx1, OSA1Y, were found to be downregulated and are thus potentially associated with the inhibition of host innate immune system during BVDV infection. The expression levels of F3, C1R, KNG1, CLU, C3, FB, SERPINA5, SERPINE1, C1S, F2RL2, and C2, which belong to the complement and coagulation signalling cascades, were downregulated during BVDV infection, which suggested that the complement system might play a crucial role during BVDV infection. CONCLUSION: In this descriptive study, our findings revealed the changes in the host transcriptome expression profile during BVDV infection and suggested that BVDV-infection induced altering the host's metabolic network, the inhibition of the expression of antiviral proteins and genes within the complement system might be contributed to BVDV proliferation. The above findings provided unique insights for further studies on the mechanisms underlying BVDV-host interactions.

19.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 120: 109408, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541883

RESUMO

Serotonin, which also named as 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), is a neurotransmitter, which plays significant roles in a wide range of physiological and pathological processes. Depression is a complex disease that involves numerous factors, increasing evidences have showed that the level of 5-HT was lower in depressed patients and the administration of some selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors exhibited antidepressant effects. The 5-HT1A receptor is a key protein in the brain serotonin system, modulating the release of 5-HT and other neurotransmitters. Behavioral and molecular biological studies have demonstrated that the differences of 5-HT1A receptor regulation was connected with depression and the responses to antidepressants. In this review, the authors will introduce the structure and function of 5-HT1A receptor and summarize some antidepressants targeting 5-HT1A receptor, including 5-HT1A receptor agonists and antagonists in a clinic, active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine. And we found the major of drugs by targeting 5-HT1A receptor on the market or in clinical trials mostly have the similar functional groups, such as piperazine, piperidine, and pyrimidine. There are also some literatures found that these functional groups may be the site produce activity. So, we hope that it may provide basis and references for the research of the clinical drugs for depression.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395597

RESUMO

Clonal heterogeneity and evolution of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) remain unclear despite the progress in our understanding of its biology. Here, we report a 71-yr-old male patient with an aggressive MCL and depict the clonal evolution from initial diagnosis of typical MCL to relapsed blastoid MCL. During the course of the disease, the patient was diagnosed with classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) and received a CHL therapeutic regimen. Molecular analysis by next-generation sequencing of both MCL and CHL demonstrated clonally related CHL with characteristic immunophenotype and PDL1/2 gains. Moreover, our data illustrate the clonal heterogeneity and acquisition of additional genetic aberrations including a rare fusion of SEC22B-NOTCH2 in the process of clonal evolution. Evidence obtained from our comprehensive immunophenotypic and genetic studies indicates that MCL and CHL can originate from a common precursor by divergent clonal evolution, which may pose a therapeutic challenge.

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