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1.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 147: 215-222, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869734

RESUMO

Ethylene-response factor (ERF) proteins are members of a transcription factor family involved in plant growth and environmental stress responses, but the biological functions of ERF members in adzuki bean (Vigna angularis var. angularis) remain unknown. In addition, it is unclear whether these proteins have a role in regulating responses to abiotic stressors. Here, we identified 47 ERF genes by analyzing the adzuki bean genome. Whole-transcriptome analyses of plants under saline-alkaline stress suggested that the expression of 13 ERF genes was induced in response to saline-alkaline stress. Analysis of the cis-acting elements showed that the promoters of these saline-alkaline stress-inducible ERF genes contained LTRs, DREs, MYBs, ABREs, MYCs, CGTCA-, and TGACG-motifs, which are involved in abiotic stress responses. The expression of VaERF3 was induced by NaHCO3, polyethylene glycol 6000, NaCl, and ABA (abscisic acid), as determined by qRT-PCR. Overexpression of VaERF3 in transgenic Arabidopsis resulted in higher levels of proline accumulation and lower malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species contents in plants grown under saline-alkaline stress conditions. Moreover, VaERF3 encoded a nuclear-localized transcriptional activator that promoted the expression of stress-responsive genes. Collectively, these results are of great significance in elucidating the mechanisms of saline-alkaline stress responses in adzuki bean.

2.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 4755-4763, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417276

RESUMO

Purpose: The serine peptidase inhibitor, Kunitz type 1 antisense RNA1 (SPINT1-AS1), a long non-coding RNA , has been linked to cancer progression. In this study, we aimed to explore the SPINT1-AS1 expression in matched esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and normal tissues, and analyze the potential correlations of SPINT1-AS1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics, in order to evaluate its prognosis and therapeutic value. Methods: SPINT1-AS1 expression was detected in 99 cases of matched ESCC and normal tissues samples using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction method. Results: The expression level (△Ct) of SPINT1-AS1 and SPINT1 mRNA was significantly downregulated in ESCC tissues compared with matched normal tissues (P=0.0005; P=0.0002, respectively), and there was an obvious positive correlation between SPINT1-AS1 and SPINT1 mRNA expression. Clinicopathological characteristics indicated that SPINT1-AS1 expression was correlated with age and tumor size, while SPINT1 mRNA expression was correlated with age and gender. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis of the expression level of SPINT1-AS1 and SPINT1 mRNA yielded an area under the ROC curve value of 0.638 and 0.625, respectively. The overall survival is shorter in patients with low SPINT1-AS1 expressed than those with high levels of SPINT1-AS1 (P=0.044), and SPINT1 mRNA expression level is associated with the OS (P=0.001). Univariate and multivariate analysis suggested that SPINT1-AS1 was an independent prognostic indicator in ESCC. Conclusions: We found that the expression of SPINT1-AS1 and SPINT1 mRNA is downregulated in ESCC tissues, which could contribute to tumor progression. SPINT1-AS1 and SPINT1 mRNA may be therapeutic targets and prognosis markers for ESCC.

3.
Oncol Lett ; 18(2): 1267-1277, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31423187

RESUMO

Metabolic gene variants, smoking, and alcohol consumption are important upper digestive tract cancer (UDTC) risk factors. However, the gene-gene and gene-environment interactions remain unclear. A case-control study in a high incidence area for upper digestive tract cancer was conducted in China. DNA was extracted from buffy coat samples for PCR or PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Smoking and alcohol drinking status was determined by questionnaires. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the associations. After adjusting for confounding factors, smoking increased esophageal cancer (EC), gastric cardia cancer (GCC) and gastric antral carcinoma (GAC) risk by 3.594, 4.658, and 3.999-fold, respectively. Alcohol consumption increased EC, GCC and GAC risk by 1.953, 2.442 and 1.765-fold, respectively. The cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) rs4646903 T>C polymorphism increased GCC risk, the cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) rs2031920 C>T polymorphism increased EC risk, while the GSTM1 null genotype decreased EC risk. An association existed between the following: CYP1A1 rs4646903 and smoking in EC, GCC and GAC; CYP1A1 rs4646903 and alcohol consumption in EC and GCC; CYP2E1 rs2031920 and smoking in EC, GCC and GAC and CYP2E1 rs2031920 and alcohol consumption in EC and GCC. No association was observed between CYP1A1 and CYP2E1. The glutathione S-transferase mu 1 (GSTM1) null genotype decreased EC risk (OR=0.510). Smoking/drinking are upper digestive tract cancer risk factors. The CYP1A1 rs4646903 and CYP2E1 rs2031920 polymorphisms were risk factors of GCC or EC, and the GSTM1 null genotype may serve a protective role against EC. The results of the present study indicated that gene-environment interactions increase the risk of UDTC.

4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 39(6): 2680-2687, 2018 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29965623

RESUMO

In order to explore the spatial and temporal variations of algal functional groups in the Zipingpu reservoir, a typical channel-type reservoir in the southwest mountainous area of China, water samples were collected from eight sections of the Zipingpu reservoir from April 2016 to March 2017.A total of 21 algal functional groups were identified as B, C, D, F, G, H1, J, L0, LM, MP, N, P, S2, T, W1, W2, X1, X2, X3, Y, and Z. Based on the analysis of the dominant degree (y > 0.02), the algal functional groups were dominated by W2, Y, L0, W1, MP, and B. The C-R-S strategy of algal growth in the Zipingpu reservoir showed that R-type was a more dominant type than the S- and C-type for the majority of the time. Peridinium (group L0, type S) was the significant algae in the Zipingpu reservoir algal bloom event in June 2016.Redundancy analysis (RDA) was used to explore the relationship between algal functional groups and environmental factors. The results showed that algal density, chlorophyll a, water temperature, and biochemical oxygen demand were the major factors influencing the spatiotemporal succession of algal functional groups across the eight sampling sections, with water temperature having the highest influence.


Assuntos
Clorofila A/análise , Eutrofização , Água Doce/análise , Fitoplâncton/classificação , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , China , Fitoplâncton/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Temperatura Ambiente
5.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 29(5): 1660-1666, 2018 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29797900

RESUMO

To clarify the effects of protease inhibitors on the activities of midgut proteases in Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) larvae, the inhibitory effects of four kinds of protease inhibitors on the activities of midgut proteases of C. chinensis larvae were examined in vitro and in feeding conditions with indoor artificial insect inoculation. The activities of total protease, trypsin-like enzyme and chymotrypsin-like enzyme in the midgut of C. chinensis larvae fed on artificial mung bean that contained different contents of mung bean types in inhibitor (MBTI) were examined. The results showed that those four protease inhibitors had significant inhibitory effects on the activities of total protease, trypsin-like enzyme and chymotrypsin-like enzyme in C. chinensis larvae. The inhibitory effect was more significant when the concentration was higher. Among those inhibitors, the inhibitory effect of 20 µg·mL-1 MBTI on three kinds of enzyme activities was the strongest, with reduction of 62.5%, 41.2% and 38.7%, respectively. Ovomucoid inhibitor (OI) had the lowest inhibitory effect. The activities of three enzymes in the midgut were also inhibited by C. chinensis larvae fed with artificial mung bean containing different inhibitors. The activities of three enzymes increased with the prolongation of the instar after feeding, but they were significantly lower than that in control. The inhibitory effect of MBTI was the strongest. The inhibitory effect on the activities of total protease and trypsin-like enzyme was gradually enhanced with the increases of MBTI contents when C. chinensis larvae were fed with artificial mung bean with different contents MBTI. The inhibitory effect on chymotrypsin-like enzyme activity was not significant. When the content of MBTI was up to 20%, the activity of chymotrypsin-like enzyme was obviously inhibited.


Assuntos
Besouros/enzimologia , Sistema Digestório/enzimologia , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Animais , Larva , Inibidores de Proteases , Tripsina
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 636: 230-239, 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29705435

RESUMO

Hydrodynamic conditions play a key role in algal blooms, which have become an increasing threat to aquatic environments, especially reservoirs. Microcystis aeruginosa is a dominant species in algal blooms in reservoirs and releases large amounts of algal toxins during algal bloom events. The algal growth characteristics and the corresponding mechanism of the influence of hydrodynamic conditions were explored using custom hydraulic rotating devices. The long-term experimental results were as follows: (1) a moderate flow velocity increased the algal growth rate and prolonged algal lifetime relative to static water; (2) moderate water turbulence promoted energy metabolism and nutrient absorbance in algal cells; (3) moderate shear stress reduced oxidation levels in algal cells and improved algal cell morphology; (4) under hydrodynamic treatment, algal cell deformation was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and a high shear stress of 0.0104 Pa induced by a flow of 0.5 m/s may have destroyed cell morphology and disturbed reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism; (5) algal cell morphology evaluation (including circle ratio, eccentricity, diameter increasing rate, and deformation rate) was established; (6) based on algal growth status and specific effects, five independent intervals (including 'positive-promotion', 'middle-promotion', 'negative-promotion', 'transition', and 'inhibition') and the hydrodynamic threshold system (including flow velocity, turbulent dissipation, and shear stress) were established; and (7) for M. aeruginosa, the optimum flow velocity was 0.24 m/s, and the static-equivalent flow velocity was 0.47 m/s. These results provide a basic summary of the hydrodynamic effects on algal growth and a useful reference for the control of M. aeruginosa blooms in reservoirs.


Assuntos
Eutrofização , Microcystis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Monitoramento Ambiental , Hidrodinâmica , Oxirredução
7.
Cancer Biol Med ; 14(1): 60-65, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28443204

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: : This study aimed to determine if gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) risk was associated with the lys (A or *2) allele at the rs671 (glu504lys) polymorphism within the aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) gene in a Chinese Han population. We also aimed to investigateALDH2 genotypic distributions between subjects from high- and low-incidence areas for both GCA and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: : We designed a case-control study including 2,686 patients with GCA and 3,675 control subjects from high- and low-incidence areas for both GCA and ESCC in China. TaqMan allele discrimination assay was used to genotype the rs671 polymorphism.χ2 test and binary logistic regression analysis were used to estimate the odds ratios for the development of GCA, and multivariate ordinal logistic regression was used to analyzeALDH2 genotypic distributions among different groups. RESULTS: : Compared withALDH2*1/*1 homozygotes,ALDH2*1/*2 andALDH2*2/*2 carriers did not increase the risk for GCA in the Chinese Han population (P>0.05). Interestingly, the ratio of homozygous or heterozygousALDH2 *2 carriers in high-incidence areas for both GCA and ESCC was lower than that in low-incidence areas (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: : Genotypes of rs671 atALDH2 may not increase GCA susceptibility in Chinese Han populations. In addition, theALDH2 genotypic distribution differs between Chinese Han populations from high- and low-incidence areas for both GCA and ESCC. Our findings may shed light on the possible genetic mechanism for the dramatic geographic differences of GCA occurrence in China.

8.
J Pharm Anal ; 5(2): 85-92, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29403919

RESUMO

A rapid, simple and practical high-performance liquid chromatography method coupled with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) was developed to evaluate the quality of Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juz. through a simultaneous determination of four major active triterpenes using a single standard to determine the multi-components (SSDMCs). Alisol B 23-acetate was selected as the reference compound for calculating the relative response factors. All calibration curves showed good linearity (R2>0.9998) within test ranges. RSDs for intra- and inter-day of four analytes were less than 3.6% and 2.3%; the overall recovery was 92.1-110.2% (SSDMC). The proposed method was successfully applied to quantify the four components in 20 samples from different localities in China. Moreover, significant variations were demonstrated in the content of these compounds. In addition, hierarchical clustering analysis (HCA) and principal components analysis (PCA) were performed to differentiate and classify the samples based on the contents of Alisol C 23-acetate, Alisol A, Alisol A 24-acetate and Alisol B 23-acetate. This simple, rapid, low-cost and reliable HPLC-DAD method using SSDMC is suitable for routine quantitative analysis and quality control of A. orientale (Sam.) Juz.

9.
Oncol Lett ; 9(1): 341-346, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25435989

RESUMO

The present study examined the role of the PRDI-BF1-RIZ (PR) domain of tumor suppressor retinoblastoma protein-interacting zinc finger gene 1 (RIZ1) as an anticancer domain and its ability to induce apoptosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells. The TE13 ESCC cell line was transfected with pcDNA3.1(+) eukaryotic expression vectors bearing the open reading frames of either the human RIZ1 gene or the PR domain, and the mRNA and protein expression levels were then detected using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively. The rate of apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry and the cell invasion ability was determined by an invasion assay. RIZ1 and the PR domain induced apoptosis and reduced the cell invasion ability (P<0.01). These findings indicate that the RIZ1 gene possesses anticancer activity in the PR domain, which may be important in inhibiting the development of ESCC.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 39(21): 4225-9, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25775798

RESUMO

Nine triterpenes compounds were isolated from the male flowers of Eucommia ulmoides by recrystallization and chromatographic techniques over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and RP-18 gel. Their chemical structures were identified on the basis of spectral analysis and as 3-oxo-12-en-ursane-28-O-α-L-arabinofuranosyl (1 --> 6) -ß-D-glucopyranoside (1), 2α, 3ß-dihydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid(28 --> 1) -ß-D-glucopyranosyl ester (2), ursolic acid (3), α-amyrin (4), uvaol (5), ursolic acid acetate (6), 3-O-acetate oleanoic acid (7), betulinic acid (8), and betulinol (9). Compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2, 4-7 were isolated from the Eucommiu genus for the first time. Cytotoxic activity was tested for all the compounds against K562 and HepG2 cells. The results showed that only compound 3, exhibited cytotoxic activity.


Assuntos
Eucommiaceae/química , Triterpenos/análise , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Células K562 , Triterpenos/farmacologia
11.
Transl Pediatr ; 1(1): 47-53, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26835262

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the effectiveness and safety of methylphenidate immediate-release tablets (IR-MPH), methylphenidate controlled-release tablets (OROS-MPH) and atomoxetine (AHC) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Chinese children. METHODS: Randomized or clinical controlled trials on the effectiveness and safety of IR-MPH, OROS-MPH and AHC for ADHD were searched in electronic databases of CNKI, VIP, CBMDISC online, PubMed, Embase and MEDLINE. Two reviewers independently extracted the data and assessed the quality of the included literatures. RESULTS: Eight trials were finally included. IR-MPH, OROS-MPH and AHC were effective for ADHD. OROS-MPH was superior to IR-MPH in the improvement of peer relationship, CGI-I score, mother satisfaction and psychosomatic problems. There were no significant differences in the effectiveness between the AHC and IR-MPH groups. The adverse events related to the therapy with IR-MPH, OROS-MPH or AHC were mild and total incidence rates of adverse events was not significantly different among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of OROS-MPH for the treatment of ADHD is probably superior to IR-MPH, and the effectiveness of AHC and IR-MPH is similar. The three drugs have equivalent safety and good tolerance.

12.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 13(5): 365-9, 2011 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21575338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the effectiveness and safety of methylphenidate immediate-release tablets (IR-MPH), methylphenidate controlled release tablets (OROS-MPH) and atomoxetine (AHC) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in Chinese children. METHODS: Randomized or clinical controlled trials on the effectiveness and safety of IR-MPH, OROS-MPH and AHC for ADHD were searched in electronic databases of CNKI, VIP, CBMDISC online, PubMed, Embase and MEDLINE. Two reviewers independently extracted the data and assessed the quality of the included literatures. RESULTS: Eight trials were finally included. IR-MPH, OROS-MPH and AHC were effective for ADHD. OROS-MPH was superior to IR-MPH in the improvement of peer relationship, CGI-I score, mother satisfaction and psychosomatic problems. There were no significant differences in the effectiveness between the AHC and IR-MPH groups. The adverse events related to the therapy with IR-MPH, OROS-MPH or AHC were mild and the incidence rates of adverse events were not significantly different among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of OROS-MPH for the treatment of ADHD is probably superior to IR-MPH, and the effectiveness between AHC and IR-MPH is similar. The three drugs demonstrate the safety and well tolerance.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/tratamento farmacológico , Metilfenidato/uso terapêutico , Propilaminas/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Atomoxetina , Preparações de Ação Retardada , Humanos , Metilfenidato/administração & dosagem , Metilfenidato/efeitos adversos , Propilaminas/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Comprimidos
13.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 18(3): 204-8, 2010 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20380798

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of anandamide (AEA) on necrosis in HepG2 cells and to explore the role of AEA in progression of liver cancer. METHODS: Localization of the fatty acid hydrolytic enzyme (FAAH), cannabinoid receptors 1(CB1) and cannabinoid receptors 2 (CB2) proteins was detected in L02 and HepG2 cells using immunofluorescence. L02 and HepG2 cells were treated with different concentrations of AEA and methyl-beta-cyclodextrin, and the rates of cells necrosis were examined by PI stain. Meanwhile, the expression levels of FAAH, CB1 and CB2 receptor proteins, as well as P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-P38 MAPK) and c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinase (p-JNK) proteins, were analyzed by Western blot. RESULTS: The FAAH, CB1 and CB2 receptor proteins were observed both in cytoplasm and on membrane in L02 and HepG2 cells. The expression level of FAAH protein was higher in HepG2 than in L02 cells. The expression level of CB1 receptor protein was very low in both L02 and HepG2 cells. The expression level of CB2 receptor protein was high in both L02 and HepG2 cells. AEA treatment induced necrosis in HepG2 cells but not in L02 cells. Methyl-beta-cyclodextrin treatment prevented necrosis in HepG2 cells (t = 3.702; 5.274; 3.503, P less than 0.05). The expression patterns of FAAH, CB1 and CB2 receptor protein in L02 and HepG2 cells were confirmed by western blot, which were consistent with the immunofluorescence results. AEA treatment increased the levels of p-P38MAPK and p-JNK proteins in a dose-dependent manner in HepG2 cells (F = 11.908; 26.054, P less than 0.05) and the increase can be partially by prevented by MCD (t = 2.801; t = 12.829, P less than 0.05). CONCLUSION: AEA treatment induces necrosis in HepG2 cells via CB1 and CB2 receptors and lipid rafts.


Assuntos
Amidoidrolases/metabolismo , Ácidos Araquidônicos/farmacologia , Moduladores de Receptores de Canabinoides/farmacologia , Endocanabinoides , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Colesterol/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Proteínas Quinases JNK Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Necrose , Transdução de Sinais , beta-Ciclodextrinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
14.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 25(5): 991-1001, 2010 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20059638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Anandamide (AEA), the most extensively studied endocannabinoid, and its putative cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, exert a variety of physiological and pharmacological effects in chronic liver diseases, such as hyperdynamic circulation. Anandamide selectively blocks proliferation and induces cell death in hepatic stellate cells (HSC), the key cell type of liver fibrogenesis. However, its precise molecular mechanism in rat HSC has not been fully elucidated. METHODS: CB1 and CB2 mRNA transcriptions were evaluated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction; CB1, CB2, phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) and protein kinase B (PKB) protein expressions were investigated by western blot and/or immunofluorescence. Cell death was detected by Annexin V-PE/7AAD flow cytometry, lipid raft content by confocal microscopic analysis, cell viability by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, nuclear morphological changes by Hoechst 33258 fluorochrome, and inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: CB1 and CB2 receptors were detectable in HSC. AEA caused HSC growth inhibition in a concentration-dependent manner. Furthermore, a high concentration of AEA (20 micromol/L) triggered potent cell death-induced necrosis but not apoptosis. None of these effects were blocked by CB1 or CB2 receptor antagonist, but by methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD; 10 mmol/L), a cholesterol depletory agent. AEA significantly inhibited PI3K/PKB activity, and increased IL-2, IL-6 and TNF-alpha release. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrated that AEA induced HSC necrosis through lipid rafts: a possible role of PI3K/PKB signaling pathway downregulation and inflammatory factors production. Cholesterol depletion abolished the effects of AEA on HSC necrosis.


Assuntos
Ácidos Araquidônicos/farmacologia , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Microdomínios da Membrana/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Linhagem Celular , Forma do Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/deficiência , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Endocanabinoides , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Citometria de Fluxo , Imunofluorescência , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Microdomínios da Membrana/metabolismo , Microdomínios da Membrana/patologia , Microscopia Confocal , Necrose , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/genética , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/genética , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
16.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 16(11): 844-8, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19032870

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the relationship between rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC) and sympathetic neurotransmitter norepinephrine (NE) during liver fibrosis. METHODS: Using immunofluorescence and RT-PCR, the expressions of a1 and b2-adrenoceptors in activated HSC were detected. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) was adopted to investigate the effect of NE on the proliferation of HSC. Meanwhile, the expressions of collagen-1, transforming growth factor beta (TGFb) and smooth muscle a-actin (a-SMA) in NE-stimulated HSC were detected by RT-PCR. The contents of NE in HSC were determined by high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detector (HPLC-ECD). RESULTS: The a1 and b2-adrenoceptors were expressed in HSC. NE markedly stimulated the proliferation of HSC in a concentration-dependent manner (F = 140.464, P less than 0.05). NE induced the mRNA expressions of collagen-1, TGFb and a-SMA in HSC (t= -4.160; t= -8.763; t= -17.651, P less than 0.05). HSC were synthesizing and releasing NE, especially when stimulated with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) (10 ng/ml) (t= -32.907, P less than 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings show that HSC are direct targets of NE and HSC are hepatic neuroglial cells that produce and respond to sympathetic neurotransmitter norepinephrine, suggesting that interrupting sympathetic nervous system signaling may be useful in the treatment of liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Norepinefrina/farmacologia , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática , Ratos , Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 1/metabolismo , Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 2/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
17.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 16(6): 430-4, 2008 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18578993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of endogenous cannabinoid anandamide (AEA) and its putative endocannabinoid receptors (CBR) on the activation and proliferation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) and to study the role played by AEA during liver fibrosis. METHODS: By using immunofluorescence and cell culture, the expression of CBR 1 and 2 in the PDGF-stimulated HSCs was investigated. By using PCR and Western-blot, the effects of 10, 20mumol/L AEA and CBR2 antagonist AM630 on the cultured and activated HSC were observed. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium and flow cytometry were used to investigate whether AEA induces growth inhibition or apoptosis in the activated HSCs. RESULTS: Both CBR1 and CBR2 receptors were detectable in cultured HSCs with a higher level of CBR2 than CBR1 (F = 116.797, P less than 0.01). When HSCs were stimulated by PDGF, the expression of CBR2 receptors was significantly enhanced (F = 7.878, P less than 0.05). HSC proliferation was dose-dependently inhibited by 10, 20, and 50micromol/L AEA, with the rates of 7.12%+/-0.34%, 12.52%+/-0.78%, 80.13%+/-1.57% respectively (F = 533.41, P less than 0.01). However, it did not induce apoptosis, but necrosis. The expressions of alpha-SMA, TGFb1, a1(I), a1(III) and TIMP-1 were significantly suppressed by 20micromol/L AEA, but CBR2 antagonist AM630 reversed this suppressor action of AEA. CONCLUSIONS: AEA may inhibit activation and proliferation of HSCs; CBR2 receptors mediate AEA-induced inhibitory action on the activation of HSCs. This CBR2 receptor-mediated action and AEA on HSCs could be used as a therapeutic target against liver fibrosis.


Assuntos
Ácidos Araquidônicos/farmacologia , Moduladores de Receptores de Canabinoides/farmacologia , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Alcamidas Poli-Insaturadas/farmacologia , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Endocanabinoides , Células Estreladas do Fígado/citologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Ratos
18.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 11(11): 815-7, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16333957

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the value of color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) in the diagnosis of sterility caused by subclinical varicocele (SVC). METHODS: The spermatic veins of 56 sterile patients with seminal abnormality were examined with CDFI and the internal diameters and the time of blood reflux of pampiniform plexus of the veins were observed. In addition, selective X-ray examination of internal spermatic veins was performed for contrast analysis. RESULTS: The diameter of the pampiniform plexus was (2.24 +/- 0.16) mm under the static condition and (2.67 +/- 0. 26) mm during the Valsalva test. The time of blood reflux was (1 487 +/- 203.66) ms. The accuracy of CDFI for diagnosing SVC was 92.8%. CONCLUSION: CDFI has been proved of more value in the diagnosis of SVC than that of clinical varicocele in the etiological screening of male sterility.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Masculina/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Varicocele/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Infertilidade Masculina/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cordão Espermático/irrigação sanguínea , Cordão Espermático/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/normas , Varicocele/complicações
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