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1.
Vascular ; : 17085381221097746, 2022 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502988

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sex differences in short-term outcomes of patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) have been reported, but differences in long-term outcomes remain poorly characterized. This study aimed to evaluate sex differences in long-term mortality, venous thromboembolism (VTE)-related mortality, and bleeding-related mortality in patients with DVT at a tertiary care center. METHODS: A retrospective chart review from 2012 to 2018 of all consecutive patients diagnosed with DVT was performed. Patients were grouped by sex, and baseline characteristics and treatment modalities were compared. Long-term outcomes of recurrent VTE, bleeding, and related mortalities were analyzed. Multivariable regression analysis was performed to determine factors associated with overall mortality. RESULTS: A total of 1043 (female = 521 and male = 522) patients with DVT were captured in this study period. Female patients were older (64.7 vs 61.6 years old, p = 0.01) and less likely to be obese (68.2% vs. 71.1%, p = 0.04),but had a higher average Caprini score (6.73 vs 6.35, p = 0.04). There was no difference in anatomic extent of DVT, association with PE, and severity of PE between sexes. Most patients (80.5%) were treated with anticoagulation, with no differences in choice of anticoagulant or duration of anticoagulation between females and males. Male patients were more likely to undergo catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for DVT (4.2% vs 1.7%, p = 0.02) and PE (2.7% vs 0.9%, p = 0.04). Female patients were more likely to receive systemic thrombolysis for PE (2.9% vs 1.1%, p = 0.05). After an average 2.3 years follow-up, there was significantly higher bleeding complications among females (22.2% vs 16.7%, p = 0.027). The overall mortality rate was 33.5% and not different between males and females. Females were more likely to experience VTE-related mortality compared to males (3.3% vs 0.6%, p = 0.002). On regression analysis, older age (OR = 1.04 [1.03-1.06]), cancer (OR = 7.64 [5.45-10.7]), and congestive heart failure (OR = 3.84 [2.15-6.86]) were independently associated with overall mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, there was no difference in overall long-term mortality between sexes for patients presenting with DVT. However, females had increased risk of long-term bleeding and VTE-related mortality compared to males.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35561970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bleeding is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of varicose veins. There is paucity of literature about patients with varicose veins that present with bleeding and the effectiveness of vein ablation as therapy to prevent recurrent bleeding. This study compares patients treated with vein ablation for bleeding varicose veins to patients treated for venous symptoms other than bleeding. We hypothesize that vein ablation is safe and effective in preventing recurrence of bleeding from varicose veins. METHODS: A retrospective single centre review of consecutive patients undergoing vein ablation using radiofrequency in an outpatient office was performed. Patients presenting with bleeding were identified. A random (3:1) group of patients undergoing vein ablation for other venous symptoms and no bleeding was selected as a comparative group (control). The medical records were reviewed for patient characteristics and outcomes. A telephone survey inquiring about intensity of symptoms on a numeric rating scale (NRS) 0-10 prior and after treatment as well as recurrence of bleeding was also conducted. Patient characteristics and outcomes were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The incidence of patients with bleeding varicose veins was 3.6% (13/362) of all patients undergoing vein ablation at our center. A total of 26 ablations and 60 ablations were performed in patients with bleeding (N=13) and controls (N=39), respectively. There was no difference in age and race but there was a trend for bleeding to occur more commonly in male patients (61.5% vs 33.3%, P=.073). Patients with bleeding from varicose veins were more likely to have congestive heart failure (P=.013), and present with more advanced venous disease based on CEAP classification (P=.005) compared to the control group. There was no difference between the 2 groups in vein closure (P=.246) or complications (P=.299) after vein ablation. With mean follow up of 2.26 ± 1.17 years, 85% of patients (N=11) remained free from bleeding episodes. One patient with recurrent bleeding required additional vein ablation and the second patient had a concomitant ulcer that was treated with compression therapy. CONCLUSION: Bleeding from varicose veins is rare and more common in patients with congestive heart failure. Bleeding affects patients with higher CEAP scores. Vein ablation is a safe and effective treatment to prevent recurrence of bleeding.

4.
Anim Sci J ; 93(1): e13730, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506328

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effects of methionine hydroxyl analog chelated microminerals (MHA-M) replacing inorganic microminerals (ITMs) on the growth performance, fecal microminerals concentrations, immune function, and antioxidant status in growing-finishing pigs; 253 pigs (average 33.68 kg body weight) were randomly assigned to six treatments with six replicates each treatment: (1) ITM: a basal diet with Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn from sulfates providing 20, 100, 40, and 60 mg/kg; (2-6): 1/5MHA-M, 2/5MHA-M, 3/5MHA-M, 4/5MHA-M, and MHA-M was replaced with 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% MHA-M. Results showed that the average daily gain (ADG) in the 1/5MHA-M and 2/5MHA-M was greater than other groups in the whole period. Fecal Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn concentrations had decreased as the intake of trace minerals decreases. The ITM group decreased the fecal Zn concentration on Days 35, 70, and 91, and Fe concentration on Day 70, and increased the Mn concentration on Day 70 compared with MHA-M group. Pigs fed 1/5MHA-M, 2/5MHA-M, and MHA-M had a higher immune function and antioxidant status in serum compared with ITM, 3/5MHA-M, and 4/5MHA-M on Day 35. In conclusion, treatment with 1/5MHA-M and 2/5MHA-M could reduce the excretion of fecal microminerals and improve the immune function and antioxidant capacity compared with the ITM group.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Oligoelementos , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Imunidade , Metionina/farmacologia , Suínos
5.
Environ Res ; 212(Pt C): 113367, 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35504340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were banned decades ago, populations are continuously exposed to PCBs due to their persistence and bioaccumulation/biomagnification in the environment. Results from limited epidemiologic studies linking PCBs to thyroid cancer have been inconclusive. This study aimed to investigate the association between individual PCBs and PCB mixture and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), the most common thyroid cancer histologic subtype. METHODS: We carried out a nested case-control study including 742 histologically confirmed PTC cases diagnosed in 2000-2013 and 742 individually matched controls among U.S. military service members. Pre-diagnostic serum samples that were collected on average nine years before PTC diagnosis were used to measure PCB congeners by gas chromatography isotope dilution high resolution mass spectrometry (GC/ID-HRMS). Conditional logistic regression, Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR), and weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression were employed to estimate the association between single PCB congeners as well as their mixture and PTC. RESULTS: Four PCB congeners (PCB-74, PCB-99, PCB-105, PCB-118) had significant associations and dose-response relationships with increased risk of PTC in single congener models. When considering the effects from all measured PCBs and their potential interactions in the BKMR model, PCB-118 showed positive trends of association with PTC. Increased exposure to the PCB congeners as a mixturewas also associated with an increased risk of PTC in the WQS model, with the mixture dominated by PCB-118, followed by PCB-74 and PCB-99. One PCB congener, PCB-187, showed an inverse trend of association with PTC in the mixture analysis. DISCUSSION: This study suggests that exposure to certain PCBs as well as a mixture of PCBs were associated with an increased risk of PTC. The observed association was mainly driven by PCB-118, and to a lesser extent by PCB-74 and PCB-99. The findings warrant further investigation.

6.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 849821, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35599905

RESUMO

The center coordinate and radius of the spherical hedges are the basic phenotypic features for automatic pruning. A binocular vision-based shape reconstruction and measurement system for front-end vision information gaining are built in this paper. Parallel binocular cameras are used as the detectors. The 2D coordinate sequence of target spherical hedges is obtained by region segmentation and object extraction process. Then, a stereo correcting algorithm is conducted to keep two cameras to be parallel. Also, an improved semi-global block matching (SGBM) algorithm is studied to get a disparity map. According to the disparity map and parallel structure of the binocular vision system, the 3D point cloud of the target is obtained. Based on this, the center coordinate and radius of the spherical hedges can be measured. Laboratory and outdoor tests on shape reconstruction and measurement are conducted. In the detection range of 2,000-2,600 mm, laboratory test shows that the average error and average relative error of standard spherical hedges radius are 1.58 mm and 0.53%, respectively; the average location deviation of the center coordinate of spherical hedges is 15.92 mm. The outdoor test shows that the average error and average relative error of spherical hedges radius by the proposed system are 4.02 mm and 0.44%, respectively; the average location deviation of the center coordinate of spherical hedges is 18.29 mm. This study provides important technical support for phenotypic feature detection in the study of automatic trimming.

7.
Environ Health ; 21(1): 48, 2022 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and its DNA adducts has been suggested to increase the risk of preterm birth (PB). Yet, few studies have been conducted to investigate this association, and the role of dietary nutrients intakes including vitamins, folate, and carotene during pre- and post-conception on this association has not been studied. METHODS: Building upon a birth cohort in Taiyuan China, we conducted a nested case control study including 83 PB and 82 term births. Benzo[a]pyrene (BaP)-DNA adducts were measured by an improved LC-MC/MC analytic method. Dietary nutrient intakes were estimated from food frequency questionnaire using the Chinese Standard Tables of Food Consumption. Multivariable logistic regression model was used to examine the associations. RESULTS: Increased risk of PB was observed as per interquartile increase in maternal BaP-DNA adduct level (OR = 1.27, 95%CI 0.95-1.67). Compared to low level (below mean) of maternal adducts, high level (above mean) of adducts was associated with the risk of PB (OR = 2.05, 95%CI 1.05-4.01). After stratified by dietary nutrients intakes, high adducts levels were associated with approximately 2-fourfold times increases in risk of PB among women with low vitamin A, C, E, folate, and carotene intakes during pre- and/or post-conception. Stronger stratified associations were consistently seen during preconception. Similar patterns were observed after additional adjustment for supplementation. CONCLUSIONS: Our study supports the hypothesis that high level of maternal PAHs exposure was significantly associated with increased risk of PB, and provides the first evidence that dietary vitamins, carotene, and folate intake levels may modify this association during different pregnancy windows. Our findings are relevant to identify recommendation for environment management and prenatal nutrition regarding pregnant women and newborns. Further investigation in other populations is warranted.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Nascimento Prematuro , Benzo(a)pireno/análise , Carotenoides , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Adutos de DNA , Feminino , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/induzido quimicamente , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Vitamina A , Vitaminas
8.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0267021, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35481835

RESUMO

Cefiderocol has been approved in the United States and Europe but not in China. We aim to evaluate carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) susceptibility to cefiderocol to provide baseline data and investigate the resistance mechanism. From 2018 to 2019, 1,158 CRE isolates were collected from 23 provinces and municipalities across China. The MICs of antimicrobials were determined via the agar dilution and broth microdilution methods. Whole-genome sequencing was performed for 26 cefiderocol-resistant Escherichia coli isolates to investigate the resistance mechanism. Clone transformations were used to explore the function of cirA, pbp3, and blaNDM-5 in resistance. Among the 21 antimicrobials tested, aztreonam-avibactam had the highest antibacterial activity (98.3%), followed by cefiderocol (97.3%) and colistin (95.3%). A total of 26 E. coli isolates harboring New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase 5 (NDM-5) showed high levels of cefiderocol resistance, of which sequence type 167 (ST167) accounted for 76.9% (20/26). We found 4 amino-acid insertions (YRIN/YRIK) at position 333 of penicillin-binding protein 3 (PBP3) in the 26 E. coli isolates, and 22 isolates had a siderophore receptor cirA premature stop codon. After obtaining the wild-type cirA supplementation, the MIC of the transformants decreased by 8 to 16 times in two cefiderocol-resistant isolates. A cefiderocol-susceptible isolate harboring NDM-5 has an MIC increased from 1 µg/mL to 64 µg/mL after cirA deletion, and the MIC decreased from 64 µg/mL to 0.5 µg/mL after blaNDM-5 deletion. The MIC of the E. coli DH5α, from which the pbp3 mutant was obtained, increased from 0.064 µg/mL to 0.25 µg/mL. Cefiderocol showed activity against most CRE in China. The resistance of ST167 E. coli to cefiderocol is a combination of the premature stop codon of cirA, pbp3 mutation, and blaNDM-5 existence. IMPORTANCE Cefiderocol, a new siderophore cephalosporin, has been approved in the United States and Europe but not in China. At present, there are almost no antimicrobial susceptibility evaluation data on cefiderocol in China. We evaluated the in vitro susceptibility of 1,158 strains of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales to cefiderocol and other antibiotics. We found that a high proportion of Escherichia coli showed high-level resistance to cefiderocol. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) and molecular cloning experiments confirmed that the synergistic effect of the cirA gene premature stop codon, blaNDM-5 existence, and the pbp3 mutation is associated with high levels of cefiderocol resistance.

9.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The survival outcomes of younger patients with gastric cancer (GC) have remained controversial. This study explores the clinicopathological characteristics, survival outcomes, and genetic alterations of younger and older patients with GC. METHODS: Patients with GC were identified from the China National Cancer Center Gastric Cancer Database (NCCGCDB) during 1998-2018. Survival analysis was conducted using Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox proportional hazards models. Sequencing datasets were enrolled from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) databases. RESULTS: A total of 1146 younger (<40 years of age) and 16,988 older (≥40 years of age) cases were included in the study. Younger patients had more poorly differentiated lesions than older patients (53.7% vs. 33.8%, respectively; p < 0.0001), and were more often pTNM stage IV (19.5% vs. 11.8%, respectively; p < 0.001). The 5-year overall survival (OS) of patients from the NCCGCDB increased from 1998 to 2018. Younger patients with pTNM stage III had a lower survival rate than older patients (p = 0.014), while no differences by age were observed at other stages. The mutation frequency of the LRP1B, GNAS, APC, and KMT2D genes was higher for older than younger patients (p < 0.05 for all genes). While not significantly different, younger patients from the TCGA and MSKCC databases were more likely to have CDH1, RHOA, and CTNNB1 gene mutations. CONCLUSIONS: A stable proportion and improved survival of younger patients were reported using NCCGCDB data. Younger patients with pTNM stage III had lower rates of survival than older patients. Distinct molecular characteristics were identified in younger GC patients which may partly explain the histopathology and prognosis specific to this subpopulation.

10.
Ocul Immunol Inflamm ; : 1-4, 2022 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35394848

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report a rare case of fungal keratitis caused by Plectosphaerella cucumerina. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed the medical records of a case of fungal keratitis. RESULTS: Silt-lamp biomicroscopy revealed corneal infiltration and epithelial defects. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) were performed to assist in the diagnosis and evaluate corneal conditions. The isolate was identified as Plectosphaerella cucumerina by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The patient was treated with topical 5% pimaricin and oral voriconazole for 1 month and recovered. CONCLUSION: Fungal keratitis caused by Plectosphaerella cucumerina is rare. AS-OCT and IVCM can help locate the lesion and diagnose fungal keratitis. Furthermore, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry showed potential prospects in the identification of filamentous fungi. Plectosphaerella cucumerina rarely infects humans and is sensitive to antifungal agents such as pimaricin and voriconazole.

11.
Curr Biol ; 32(7): R307-R308, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413253

RESUMO

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an enveloped non-segmented negative sense RNA virus that belongs to Orthopneumovirus genus of the Pneumoviridae family in the order Mononegavirales. The virus is the leading cause of severe respiratory disease in children under two years of age and is responsible for substantial disease burden in infants and elder people in both developed and developing countries1,2. RSV is only known to circulate among humans, though it was first isolated from chimpanzees3. The virus can experimentally infect mice, rats, cotton rats, ferrets, and hamsters, but does not naturally circulate in these animal populations4. We found that Malayan pangolins (Manis javanica) were naturally infected with RSVs that have 99.4-99.8% genomic identity with strains circulating in humans. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that five RSVs in pangolins were RSV-A ON1 and seven were RSV-B BA genotypes, both of which are currently prevalent in humans worldwide. These findings suggest that humans might transmit their viruses to endangered wildlife.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano , Idoso , Animais , Furões , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Camundongos , Pangolins , Filogenia , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/veterinária , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano/genética
12.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 237: 113542, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35468442

RESUMO

Existing evidence has showed that exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) increases the risk of many chronic diseases. Given the close connection between aging (a major risk factor) and chronic diseases, however, very few studies have evaluated the association between PAHs and aging. Furthermore, whether modifiable healthy lifestyle could attenuate the detrimental effect of PAHs on aging remains unknown. Therefore, we conducted this study, aiming to: (1) examine the associations of urinary monohydroxy polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (OH-PAHs) and lifestyle with Phenotypic Age Acceleration (PhenoAge.Accel), a novel aging measure that captures morbidity and mortality risk; and (2) evaluate the potential interaction effects of OH-PAHs and lifestyle on PhenoAge.Accel. Cross-sectional data of 2,579 participants (aged 20-84 years, n = 1,292 females) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for years 2001-2010 were analyzed. A lifestyle index was constructed based on five components (drinking, smoking, body mass index, physical activity, and diet), ranging from 0 to 5. We calculated PhenoAge.Accel using algorithms developed previously. General linear regression models were used to examine the associations. We observed strong associations of OH-PAHs and lifestyle with PhenoAge.Accel. For instance, one unit increase in ∑NAP (sum of 1- and 2-hydroxynaphthalene) was associated with 0.37 year (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.26, 0.48) increase in PhenoAge.Accel. We did not observe statistically significant interaction effects between OH-PAHs and lifestyle on PhenoAge.Accel. After stratified by sex, we observed strong associations as well as statistically significant interactions of OH-PAHs and lifestyle with PhenoAge.Accel among females. In conclusion, both OH-PAHs and lifestyle were independently associated with phenotypic aging and there were statistically significant interactions between OH-PAHs and lifestyle on phenotypic aging among females. The findings highlight the importance of adherence to a healthy lifestyle to attenuate the detrimental effects of exposures to PAHs on phenotypic aging among females.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Envelhecimento , Biomarcadores , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade
13.
Am J Med Sci ; 2022 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35472336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early screening is the most effective way to control breast cancer. Due to the lack of accurate biomarkers, early diagnosis of breast cancer is still very difficult. Therefore, it is necessary to discover new candidate genes of breast cancer and improve the early diagnosis and prognosis. METHODS: A DO-UniBIC gene screening method was proposed. First, Disease Ontology (DO) analysis was used to screen out breast cancer related genes from differentially expressed genes, and then the UniBIC algorithm was used to find all gene clusters with the same changing trend based on the longest common subsequence. In addition, an eight-gene prognostic model was constructed to assess the prognostic risk of breast cancer patients. RESULTS: The prognostic analysis of the candidate genomes based on multivariate Cox proportional regression model revealed eight genes that were significantly related to prognosis. The eight genes were ACSL1, CD24, EMP1, JPH3, CAMK4, JUN, S100B and TP53AIP1. Among them, ACSL1 was a new potential breast cancer related gene screened by the DO-UniBIC method. CONCLUSIONS: More comprehensive cancer-related genes can be screened based on the DO-UniBIC method, which can be used as the candidate gene set for prognostic analysis.

14.
Virol Sin ; 37(1): 115-126, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35234632

RESUMO

Zika virus (ZIKV) can infect a wide range of tissues including the developmental brain of human fetus. Whether specific viral genetic variants are linked to neuropathology is incompletely understood. To address this, we have intracranially serially passaged a clinical ZIKV isolate (SW01) in neonatal mice and discovered variants that exhibit markedly increased virulence and neurotropism. Deep sequencing analysis combining with molecular virology studies revealed that a single 67D (Aspartic acid) to N (Asparagine) substitution on E protein is sufficient to confer the increased virulence and neurotropism in vivo. Notably, virus clones with D67N mutation had higher viral production and caused more severe cytopathic effect (CPE) in human neural astrocytes U251 â€‹cells in vitro, indicating its potential neurological toxicity to human brain. These findings revealed that a single mutation D67N on ZIKV envelope may lead to severe neuro lesion that may help to explain the neurovirulence of ZIKV and suggest monitoring the occurrence of this mutation during nature infection may be important.


Assuntos
Infecção por Zika virus , Zika virus , Animais , Efeito Citopatogênico Viral , Humanos , Camundongos , Mutação , Virulência/genética
15.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35229256

RESUMO

An experiment was conducted to compare the effects of replacing inorganic trace minerals (ITM) with different levels of complex organic trace minerals (OTM) on the growth performance, oxidative status, and intestinal function of piglets. Weanling piglets were assigned to five groups: a control group fed a basal diet supplemented with inorganic trace minerals and the other four groups fed basal diets supplemented with different levels of OTMs. The results showed that diets supplemented with 50 ppm Fe, 30 ppm Zn, 15 ppm Mn, and 0.2 ppm Se from OTM (L-OTM), or with 75 ppm Fe, 45 ppm Zn, 22.5 ppm Mn, and 0.3 ppm Se from OTM (M-OTM) significantly decreased the diarrhea ratio in the piglets compared with those supplemented with 100 ppm Fe, 90 ppm Zn, 40 ppm Mn, and 0.4 ppm Se from ITM. Compared with those in the ITM group, the piglets in the M-OTM group had significantly higher serum CuZnSOD, MnSOD, and GSH-Px levels. Moreover, piglets in the L-OTM and M-OTM groups had higher Sod and Gpx gene expression than those in the ITM group. Additionally, piglets in the L-OTM and M-OTM groups had significantly higher villus height than those in the ITM group, and the M-OTM group piglets had lower serum diamine oxidase content and higher ileal ZO-1 and occludin protein expression levels than those in the ITM group. These results indicate that replacing dietary ITMs with OTMs could decrease diarrhea occurrence and improve the oxidative status and intestinal barrier function in weanling piglets.

16.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 31(5): 1103-1110, 2022 05 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35244686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A previous International Lymphoma Epidemiology (InterLymph) Consortium evaluation of joint associations between five immune gene variants and autoimmune conditions reported interactions between B-cell response-mediated autoimmune conditions and the rs1800629 genotype on risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) subtypes. Here, we extend that evaluation using NHL subtype-specific polygenic risk scores (PRS) constructed from loci identified in genome-wide association studies of three common B-cell NHL subtypes. METHODS: In a pooled analysis of NHL cases and controls of Caucasian descent from 14 participating InterLymph studies, we evaluated joint associations between B-cell-mediated autoimmune conditions and tertile (T) of PRS for risk of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL; n = 1,914), follicular lymphoma (n = 1,733), and marginal zone lymphoma (MZL; n = 407), using unconditional logistic regression. RESULTS: We demonstrated a positive association of DLBCL PRS with DLBCL risk [T2 vs. T1: OR = 1.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.08-1.43; T3 vs. T1: OR = 1.81; 95% CI, 1.59-2.07; P-trend (Ptrend) < 0.0001]. DLBCL risk also increased with increasing PRS tertile among those with an autoimmune condition, being highest for those with a B-cell-mediated autoimmune condition and a T3 PRS [OR = 6.46 vs. no autoimmune condition and a T1 PRS, Ptrend < 0.0001, P-interaction (Pinteraction) = 0.49]. Follicular lymphoma and MZL risk demonstrated no evidence of joint associations or significant Pinteraction. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that PRS constructed from currently known subtype-specific loci may not necessarily capture biological pathways shared with autoimmune conditions. IMPACT: Targeted genetic (PRS) screening among population subsets with autoimmune conditions may offer opportunities for identifying those at highest risk for (and early detection from) DLBCL.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Linfoma Folicular , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Linfócitos B , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/epidemiologia , Linfoma Folicular/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/epidemiologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética
17.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 28(4): 903-905, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35318935

RESUMO

We describe an immunosuppressed patient with bacteremia and pneumonia caused by Legionella pneumophila subspecies fraseri in China. We confirmed this diagnosis by using nanopore sequencing of positive blood cultures and subsequent recovery from buffered-charcoal yeast extract culture. Nanopore sequencing is an effective tool for early diagnosis of atypical infections.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Legionella pneumophila , Doença dos Legionários , China/epidemiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Legionella pneumophila/genética , Doença dos Legionários/diagnóstico
18.
Foods ; 11(5)2022 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35267259

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to explore the impact of novel water-oil mixed frying and traditional oil frying methods on the soybean oil quality and formation of trans fatty acids (TFAs) and heterocyclic amines (HCAs) in fried duck breast and skin during 60 frying cycles. The acid value of the soybean oil was 2.10 mg/g using the traditional oil frying and 1.08 mg/g using water-oil mixed frying at the 60th frying cycle. The peroxide value of the water-oil mixed fried soybean oil was significantly lower than that of the traditional frying method. Water-oil mixed frying delayed the formation of TFAs in the soybean oil. The traditionally oil fried skin showed increased TFAs (9tC16:1) content from 0.17 to 0.22 mg/g (29.4% increase), while those of the water-oil mixed fried samples increased from 0.16 to 0.20 mg/g (25.00% increase) compared to control. Harman, Norharman and AαC were detected in all the fried samples and PhIP was observed after the 20th frying cycle, while MeAαC was formed only at the 60th frying cycle in traditional fried duck breast. Therefore, it is concluded that the water-oil mixed frying method is more suitable to improve the quality and safety of fried duck skin and breast meat.

19.
Foods ; 11(4)2022 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35206088

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of cathepsin L on proteolysis of beef myofibrillar proteins in vivo and in vitro. Results indicated that cathepsin L affected the degradation of desmin and troponin-T during postmortem aging, and the extent of degradation increased from 1 d to 14 d postmortem. No detectable degradation of titin, nebulin, and α-actinin in the presence of cathepsin L inhibitor was observed during postmortem aging. In vitro, cathepsin L affected the degradation of titin, nebulin, and troponin-T, and the extent of degradation increased with increasing incubation time. Nevertheless, cathepsin L did not cause the degradation of α-actinin and desmin, regardless of incubation temperature. The different results between in vitro and in vivo experiments might mainly depend on different treatment temperatures. Overall, these results indicated that cathepsin L participated in the degradation of myofibrillar proteins and meat tenderization.

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