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1.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 102: 103487, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472172

RESUMO

Myelocytomatosis viral oncogene (MYC), a transcription factor in the MYC family, plays vital roles in vertebrate innate immunity by regulating related immune gene expressions. In this study, we cloned and characterized an MYC gene from sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus via RNA-seq and RACE approaches (designated as AjMYC). A 2074 bp fragment representing the full-length cDNA of AjMYC was obtained. This gene includes an open reading frame (ORF) of 1296 bp encoding a polypeptide of 432 amino acid residues with the molecular weight of 48.85 kDa and theoretical pI of 7.22. SMART analysis indicated that AjMYC shares an MYC common HLH motif (354-406 aa) at the C-terminal. Spatial expression analysis revealed that AjMYC is constitutively expressed in all detected tissues with peak expression in the tentacle. Vibrio splendidus-challenged sea cucumber could significantly boost the expression of AjMYC transcripts by a 5.58-fold increase in the first stage. Similarly, 2.75- and 3.23-fold increases were detected in LPS-exposed coelomocytes at 1 and 24 h, respectively. In this condition, coelomocyte apoptotic rate increased from 11.98% to 56.23% at 1 h and to 59.08% at 24 h. MYC inhibitor treatment could not only inhibit the expression of AjMYC and Ajcaspase3, but also depress the coelomocyte apoptosis. Furthermore, AjMYC overexpression in EPC cells for 24 h also promoted the cell apoptosis rate from 21.31% to 45.85%. Collectively, all these results suggested that AjMYC is an important immune factor in coelomocyte apoptosis toward pathogen-challenged sea cucumber.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31585042

RESUMO

Current particle sorting methods such as microfluidics, acoustics, and optics focus on exploiting the differences in the mass, size, refractive index, or fluorescence staining. However, there exist formidable challenges for them to sort label-free submicron particles with similar volume and refractive index yet distinct shapes. In this work, we report an optofluidic nanophotonic sawtooth array (ONSA) that generates sawtooth-like light fields through light coupling, paving the physical foundation for shape-selective sieving. Submicron particles interact with the coupled hotspots which impose different optical torques on the particles according to their shapes. Unstained S. aureus and E. coli are used as a model system to demonstrate this shape-selective sorting mechanism based on the torque-induced body dynamics, which was previously unattainable by other particle sorting technologies. More than 95% of S. aureus is retained within ONSA, while more than 97% of E. coli is removed. This nanophotonic chip offers a paradigm shift in shape-selective sorting of submicron particles and expands the boundary of optofluidics-based particle manipulation.

4.
Pathol Res Pract ; : 152675, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594682

RESUMO

This study evaluated the associations of HER2 protein, HER2 gene amplification, and positivity for p-AKT, p-ERK, and p-PLCγ proteins with clinicopathological status and overall survival (OS) of patients who had Epstein-Barr virus-associated gastric cancer (EBVaGC; n = 58) or EBV-negative GC (EBVnGC; n = 329). Tissue samples were subjected to immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Results showed that EBVaGC less expressed HER2 and amplified HER2 gene. p-AKT (p =  0.035) and p-ERK (p =  0.001) were inhibited in EBVaGC than in EBVnGC, while p-PLCγ (p =  0.034) was upregulated. Among EBVaGC patients, p-ERK positivity was associated with Lauren classification (p = 0.023), and p-PLCγ positivity was inversely associated with TNM stage (p = 0.041) and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.041). In contrast, among EBVnGC patients, HER2 expression was associated with distant metastasis (p = 0.043) and p-AKT positivity was associated with intestinal subtype (p < 0.004), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.031), distant metastasis (p < 0.001), and elder age (>60y, p < 0.004). Overall analysis showed that EBVaGC patients presented better OS than EBVnGC patients (p = 0.044). Among EBVaGC patients, p-AKT positivity (p = 0.008) was associated with worse OS; as well as, HER2 high expression (p < 0.001), p-AKT positivity (p = 0.010), and p-PLCγ (p <  0.001) were associated with worse OS in EBVnGC patients. Multivariate analysis showed that distant metastasis (95% CI: 1.559 to 4.028, p <  0.001), HER2 high expression (95% CI: 1.058 to 2.454, p =  0.026), and p-PLCγ positivity (95% CI: 1.056 to 2.435, p = 0.027) were independent prognostic predictors of OS in EBVnGC patients. Our results indicated that p-AKT positive patients presented worse OS than p-AKT negative ones in EBVaGC, as well as, HER2, p-AKT, and p-PLCγ are prognostic biomarkers for OS in EBVnGC patients.

5.
Sci Signal ; 12(602)2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594854

RESUMO

Ca2+ signals, which facilitate pluripotent changes in cell fate, reflect the balance between cation entry and export. We found that overexpression of either isoform of the Ca2+-extruding plasma membrane calcium ATPase 4 (PMCA4) pump in Jurkat T cells unexpectedly increased activation of the Ca2+-dependent transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT). Coexpression of the endoplasmic reticulum-resident Ca2+ sensor stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) with the PMCA4b splice variant further enhanced NFAT activity; however, coexpression with PMCA4a depressed NFAT. No PMCA4 splice variant dependence in STIM1 association was observed, whereas partner of STIM1 (POST) preferentially associated with PMCA4b over PMCA4a, which enhanced, rather than inhibited, PMCA4 function. A comparison of global and near-membrane cytosolic Ca2+ abundances during store-operated Ca2+ entry revealed that PMCA4 markedly depressed near-membrane Ca2+ concentrations, particularly when PMCA4b was coexpressed with STIM1. PMCA4b closely associated with both POST and the store-operated Ca2+ channel Orai1. Furthermore, POST knockdown increased the near-membrane Ca2+ concentration, inhibiting the global cytosolic Ca2+ increase. These observations reveal an unexpected role for POST in coupling PMCA4 to Orai1 to promote Ca2+ entry during T cell activation through Ca2+ disinhibition.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4586, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594932

RESUMO

Upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) are the preferred choice for deep-tissue photoactivation, owing to their unique capability of converting deep tissue-penetrating near-infrared light to UV/visible light for photoactivation. Programmed photoactivation of multiple molecules is critical for controlling many biological processes. However, syntheses of such UCNPs require epitaxial growth of multiple shells on the core nanocrystals and are highly complex/time-consuming. To overcome this bottleneck, we have modularly assembled two distinct UCNPs which can individually be excited by 980/808 nm light, but not both. These orthogonal photoactivable UCNPs superballs are used for programmed photoactivation of multiple therapeutic processes for enhanced efficacy. These include sequential activation of endosomal escape through photochemical-internalization for enhanced cellular uptake, followed by photocontrolled gene knockdown of superoxide dismutase-1 to increase sensitivity to reactive oxygen species and finally, photodynamic therapy under these favorable conditions. Such programmed activation translated to significantly higher therapeutic efficacy in vitro and in vivo in comparison to conventional, non-programmed activation.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589797

RESUMO

Chiral α-hydroxyl acids are of great importance in chemical synthesis. Current methods for recognizing their chirality by proton NMR are limited by very few chemical shift difference and their intrinsic solubility problem in organic solvent. Herein, we developed three YbDO3A(ala) 3 derivatives to recognize four different commercially available chiral α-hydroxyl acids through proton NMR and chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) methodology in aqueous state. The shift difference between chiral α-hydroxyl acid by proton and CEST NMR are ranged from 15-40 and 20-40 ppm, respectively. Especially, our work demonstrates for first time, even one chiral center on the side-arm chain of cyclen could set the stage for rotation of the other two non-chiral side chains into a preferred position. This is ascribed to the lower energy state of the structure. The results verified the utility of employing chiral YbDO3A-like complex as a platform to discriminate any chiral α-hydroxyl acids with distinctive signal difference.

8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(19)2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590397

RESUMO

(1) Aims: The present study aimed to observe the effects of Ginsenoside Rb1 on high glucose-induced endothelial damage in rat retinal capillary endothelial cells (RCECs) and to investigate the underlying mechanism. (2) Methods: Cultured RCECs were treated with normal glucose (5.5 mM), high glucose (30 mM glucose), or high glucose plus Rb1 (20 µM). Cell viability, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, the mitochondrial DNA copy number, and the intracellular ROS content were measured to evaluate the cytotoxicity. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (NOX), poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and sirtuin (SIRT) activity was studied in cell extracts. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)/NADH, NADPH/NADP+, and glutathione (GSH)/GSSG levels were measured to evaluate the redox state. The expression of nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase 1 (NMNAT1), SIRT1, and SIRT3 was also evaluated after Rb1 treatment. (3) Results: Treatment with Rb1 significantly increased the cell viability and mtDNA copy number, and inhibited ROS generation. Rb1 treatment increased the activity of SOD and CAT and reduced the activity of NOX and PARP. Moreover, Rb1 enhanced both SIRT activity and SIRT1/SIRT3 expression. Additionally, Rb1 was able to re-establish the cellular redox balance in RCECs. However, Rb1 showed no effect on NMNAT1 expression in RCECs exposed to high glucose. (4) Conclusion: Under high glucose conditions, decreases in the reducing power may be linked to DNA oxidative damage and apoptosis via activation of the NMNAT-NAD-PARP-SIRT axis. Rb1 provides an advantage during high glucose-induced cell damage by targeting the NAD-PARP-SIRT signaling pathway and modulating the redox state in RCECs.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601737

RESUMO

Pharmacology and optogenetics are widely used in neuroscience research to study the central and peripheral nervous systems. While both approaches allow for sophisticated studies of neural circuitry, continued advances are, in part, hampered by technology limitations associated with requirements for physical tethers that connect external equipment to rigid probes inserted into delicate regions of the brain. The results can lead to tissue damage and alterations in behavioral tasks and natural movements, with additional difficulties in use for studies that involve social interactions and/or motions in complex 3-dimensional environments. These disadvantages are particularly pronounced in research that demands combined optogenetic and pharmacological functions in a single experiment. Here, we present a lightweight, wireless, battery-free injectable microsystem that combines soft microfluidic and microscale inorganic light-emitting diode probes for programmable pharmacology and optogenetics, designed to offer the features of drug refillability and adjustable flow rates, together with programmable control over the temporal profiles. The technology has potential for large-scale manufacturing and broad distribution to the neuroscience community, with capabilities in targeting specific neuronal populations in freely moving animals. In addition, the same platform can easily be adapted for a wide range of other types of passive or active electronic functions, including electrical stimulation.

10.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14571, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601950

RESUMO

Misfolding of translated proteins occurs in all domains of life. In most cells, misfolded proteins coalesce in discrete aggregates at distinct cellular locations. In many bacteria, including mycobacteria, protein aggregates are located at the cellular pole. Yet the mechanism by which aggregates are sorted to the mycobacterial pole is not known. Here, we show that in Mycobacterium smegmatis, the small heat shock protein HspX plays a critical role in the polar localization of aggregates of a model fluorescent misfolded protein, GLR103. HspX itself has a polar localization, which is dependent on its N-terminal domain. In a strain deleted for hspX, GLR103 is less liable to aggregation and no longer localizes to the pole, and redirecting HspX to the septum radically disrupts the normal polar localization of GLR103 aggregates. To further investigate the role of HspX in native protein aggregation, we performed semi-quantitative mass-spectrometry of mycobacterial protein aggregates in wild-type, hspX-deleted and hspX-overexpressing strains. We identified a subset of proteins that appeared to be HspX-dependent for aggregate formation. Furthermore, we demonstrate that for validated native protein aggregates, sorting to the cellular pole following proteotoxic stress required HspX. In summary, we have identified the cellular function of HspX in Mycobacterium smegmatis as both a pro-aggregase and polar sortase.

11.
Chemistry ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602714

RESUMO

To increase bone forming on the implant surfaces such as screws, plate, or shims holds great significance in clinical medicine. However, osteogenesis implant coatings mimicking natural bone in both components and structural features are still lacking. Here we report a biomimetic interface of CaP in collagen matrix fabricated via controlled mineralization that present a biomimetic porous feature. The porous CaP/Collagen interface of about 1 µm thick significantly enhances osteogenesis as verified at both gene and protein levels, as well as by in vivo experiments. Taking advantage of the generality of the method, the biomimetic interfaces can be prepared on a variety of substrates, including conductive substrates, 3D metal meshes, plastic or elastic substrates, and even on filter papers. The adjustability and generality of the method enable new characterization tests to be developed during cell experiments and thus should greatly facilitate clinical medicine and tissue engineering.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2914-2925, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602833

RESUMO

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with Western medicine in the treatment of acute gastroenteritis. Four Chinese databases( CNKI,VIP,Wan Fang,Sino Med) and three English databases( Cochrane Library,Medline,EMbase) were systematically and comprehensively searched from the database establishment to April 2019 to collect the randomized controlled trials( RCTs) about the treatment of acute gastroenteritis with Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with Western medicine. Two investigators independently performed literature screening,data extraction and bias risk assessment. Rev Man 5. 3 software was used for data analysis. A total of 316 articles were retrieved and finally 44 studies were included in this study,involving 4153 patients. The overall quality of the included studies was generally low. Meta-analysis results showed that in the total clinical effective rate,Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with conventional treatment or norfloxacin tablets was superior to conventional treatment or norfloxacin tablets alone. In terms of the time for improving clinical symptoms,Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with conventional treatment or norfloxacin tablets could better relieve fever than conventional treatment or norfloxacin tablets alone. In terms of incidence of adverse reactions,there was no statistical difference between Huoxiang Zhengqi Pills combined with conventional treatment and conventional treatment alone. Other outcome measures were affected by various factors( such as inclusion of only 1 study or excessive heterogeneity among studies) and could not be concluded. Due to the limitations of the quality and quantity of included studies,this conclusion still needs to be verified by more high quality researches.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3129-3134, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602863

RESUMO

The best time of tumor intervention is before the formation of tumor. However,due to the limited number of tumor cells,it is difficult to quantify tumor cells and immunity by the current methods available( such as CTC,ct DNA). This affects the tumor prevention in this period,and the in-depth detection,intervention and evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM)( tumor) prevention. Due to the limitations of the current detection,the evaluation system turns to detect tumor neoantigen-specific CTL( naCTL) that are directly relating to tumor cells and proliferate to high order of magnitudes after activation,and immune repertoire( TCR/BCR/HLA) effective diversity,introduces immune checkpoints,uses information of " disease" in Western medicine and " syndrome" in TCM( prevention),and sets up a multi-dimensional statistical immunity model using a variety of data analysis and related algorithms. This model can amplify the ultra-early information of tumor,indirectly evaluate the quantity and status of tumor cells,and provide quantitative measurement and new evaluation methods for the normalization of immunity and TCM( tumor) prevention. This model is not only one of important evaluation methods for resisting tumor immunity and treating TCM( tumor) prevention,but also will reveal the scientific connotation of TCM syndrome from the perspective of immunology.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3135-3142, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602864

RESUMO

This research is launched to look for the medication rules and characteristics of Tibetan medicine in the treatment of gZav-Grib( apoplexy sequelae). HIS records of gZav-Grib patients were selected from the Tibetan Hospital of Tibet Autonomous Region and Tibetan Hospital of the city of Naqu. SPSS Modeler,Gephi and other data mining and visualization software were used to study the actual law of drug use in the treatment of gZav-Grib in Tibetan medicine. Finally,479 cases of gZav-Grib patients in Tibetan medicine were included. Their average age is 63 and average hospital stay was 32 days. In total,82 Tibetan medicine prescriptions were used for treating gZav-Grib. The frequency in the front is Twenty-flavor Chenxiang Pills( 338 times),Ruyi Zhenbao Pills( 322 times),and Seventy-flavor Zhenzhu Pills( 315 times). According to the regularity of Tebitan medicine,they were applied in different time periods including the early morning,morning,noon,and evening,for example,in the early morning: Seventy-flavor Zhenzhu Pills,morning: Ruyi Zhenbao Pills,noon: Eighteen-flavor Dujuan Pills,evening: Twenty-flavor Chenxiang Pills. In the clinical joint,18 groups were found in the 10% support and 70% confidence. There are two prescriptions confidence more than 80% which nature focus on Gan,Ruan,Xi,Liang,Dun,Han,Wen. gZav-Grib of Tibetan medicine can be divided into two types: r Lung-Grib type and k Hrag-Grib type,in which the medicine of r Lung-Grib type takes Seventy-flavor Zhenzhu Pills as the core prescription,while the medicine of k Hrag-Grib type takes Ruyi Zhenbao Pills as the core prescription. It is found that the treatment of gZav-Grib by Tibetan medicine is mainly dominated by the treatment idea about " Therapeutic r Lung and blood,Consideration of venous diseases". Treatment functions is promoting the circulation of Qi,clearing blood heat and getting rid of bad blood,achieving the purpose of treating both principal secondary aspect of gZav-Grib. The research methods based on the HIS can't only optimize the Tibetan treating gZav-Grib sequela treatment plan and rule of medication,but also provide the scientific basis for Tibetan medicine treat gZav-Grib.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3143-3150, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602865

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the rule of Tibetan medicine in clinical treatment of hypertension( k Hrag-rLung-stod-vtshangs) and analyze the characteristics of its prescriptions. One hundred and thirty-seven cases of hypertension treated Tibetan medicine were collected. Data mining,Gephi,Cytoscape and other methods and software were used to analyze the characteristics of Tibetan medicine. The results showed that there were 44 cases of r Lung-type hypertension in clinical medical records,while 57 cases of k Hrag-type hypertension. There were 103 treatment prescriptions. The frequency of these prescriptions covered Twenty-five Yuganzi Pills( 96 times),Seventy Pearl Pills( 80 times),Eight Chenxiang Pills( 75 times),and Sanwei Ganlu Powder( 62 times),and they were highly correlated,with confidence greater than 95%. There were 332 prescriptions involved in the prescriptions which is core prescription medicines. This study first proposed the dosage analysis method of Tibetan medicine prescription medicines,and obtained the more dosage of Chebulae Fructus,Phyllanthi Fructus,Aucklandiae Radix,Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum and so on. The correlation analysis of the prescription medicines found that Carthami Flos,Myristicae Semen,Bambusae Concretio Silicea,Caryophylli Flos,Amomi Fructus Rotundus led by Tsaoko Fructus had a high correlation and a confidence greater than 75%. These herbs were guaranteed when Tibetan medicine was used in combination. The key drugs for protecting viscera and regulating the three gastric fires. The prescription is mainly cold,blunt,sparse and rough. Its efficacy focuses on the pathogenesis of blood fever,blood stickiness and venous blockage caused by heat,sharpness,odor and stickiness. It mainly treats Tibetan medicine diseases such as k Hrag-r Lung-stod-vtshangs and k Hrag-vpel( polyemia). It is suggested that Tibetan medicine has a three-in-one invisible treatment principle of " clearing blood-heat,opening vessel and regulating stomach-fire" in the treatment of hypertension,which attributed to both cardiovascular function and gastrointestinal metabolic function. This may be a significant and invisible knowledge of Tibetan medicine in the treatment of hypertension.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3151-3156, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602866

RESUMO

"Qi medicinal herbs" in China refers to a kind of regional national folk herbs related to the treatment of five labors and seven injuries,the last word of which is "Qi". Our study is to sort out and standardize the name and basic confused varieties through the establishment of " Qi medicinal herbs" VFP information database. " Qi medicinal herbs" variety sorting model of " literature research-variety survey-data mining-spatial distribution" was developed by means of literature analysis which the names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" in the literature were summarized and sorted out. The relationship between the distribution of " Qi medicinal herbs" resources and the use of ethnic groups were visualized by Cytoscape 2. 8. 0 software. The information database of " Qi medicinal herbs" involved in 230 kinds of medicinal materials which including 211 species of plants( including varieties) from 66 families. Medicinal materials standard in China have 9 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs". Among them,there are 31 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs" with the confusion of " the different names of the same" and " the different substance of the same names". The most used ethnic groups are Tujia,Qiang and Miao. The main efficacy is clearing heat and detoxification,dispelling wind and removing dampness,etc.,and the main treatment is for injury,rheumatic arthralgia and so on. Names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" among Chinese ethnic groups and folk are standardized and sorted out,which is served to promotethe " Qi medicinal herbs" reasonable protection and utilization of resources,and provide effective reference for exploring the information technology and geographical distribution of ethnic medicine and standardizing clinical medication.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3157-3161, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602867

RESUMO

In order to study the interaction between Pterocephalus hookeri and bitter taste receptors,three-dimensional structural models of bitter taste receptors TAS2 R16,TAS2 R14 and TAS2 R13 were established by homology modeling in this paper. Maestro software was used for docking the chemical constituents of P. hookeri with bitter taste receptors. The results showed that 25 chemical components of P. hookeri can regulate three bitter taste receptors. And these components were mainly iridoid glycosides and phenolic acids.This research focused on the comprehensive application of homology modeling and molecular docking technology to explore the interaction between bitter chemical constituents of P. hookeri and bitter taste receptors. This study provided assistance in revealing pharmacodynamic basis of bitter Tibetan medicine at molecular level. It also provided new ideas and methods for the study of Tibetan medicine.

18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3170-3177, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602869

RESUMO

The intestinal absorption characteristics of ten iridoid glycosides and phenolic acids in the Pterocephali Herba were evaluated via rat intestinal valgus model. The intestinal sac fluids at different time after administration of high,medium and low concentrations of Pterocephali Herba extract were collected and ten chemical components in fluid samples were detected by UPLC-PDA. Accumulative absorbed doses( Q) and absorption rate constants( Ka) of ten chemical constituents were calculated,while proportions between Pterocephali Herba extract and intestinal absorption liquid were compared. The results showed that the intestinal absorption of 10 chemical components was linear absorption( R2>0. 9) at different concentrations,which accorded with the zero-order absorption rate. The absorption rate constant was related to the concentration of the drug and the intestinal site,which indicated that intestinal adsorption mechanism of the components were passive diffusion and active transport. Proportions of chemical constituents in intestinal sac fluid were different from those in Pterocephali Herba extract. Therefore,those ten chemical components in Pterocephali Herba extract can be absorbed in whole intestine. Everted intestinal sac model can be used to evaluate intestinal absorption characteristics of ingredients in Pterocephali Herba extract effectively.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(16): 3594-3600, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602928

RESUMO

Cytochrome P450 family is a kind of biocatalyst widely existing in nature. It has many functions such as catalyzing the biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites and regulating phytoremediation. Based on the analysis of proteome data of Tripterygium wilfordii,the CYP450 gene of T. wilfordii was preliminarily analyzed and predicted by various bioinformatics methods. The results showed that after the expression of T. wilfordii suspension cells was induced by methyl jasmonate,the proteomic data of T. wilfordii were obtained and analyzed,and 10 CYP450 proteins of T. wilfordii were finally screened out. By analyzing the phylogenetic tree constructed with CYP450 gene of Arabidopsis family,the 10 CYP450 proteins were clustered into 6 different CYP450 families. The physical and chemical properties of CYP450 proteins in different families were different. The secondary structure of CYP450 proteins was mainly composed of irregular curls. Eight subcellular localization results of CYP450 proteins were chloroplasts and the rest were plastids. Subsequently,the conserved domains( heme active sites) shared by CYP450 genes were found by analyzing the results of multiple sequence alignment. Finally,by analyzing the transcriptome data of T. wilfordii,the expression distribution of T. wilfordii in different tissues was preliminarily confirmed,which verified its correlation with the biosynthesis of active components of T. wilfordii,and provided important genetic resources for the analysis of biosynthesis pathway of active components of T. wilfordii.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565917

RESUMO

Two red fluorophores (TPABTPA and TPABCHO) with hybridized local and charge-transfer (HLCT) properties were systematically studied. TPABTPA and TPABCHO enabled non-doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with excellent external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 11.1% and 5.0% respectively, attributing to high exciton utilization efficiency of 82% and 46% respectively. Furthermore, TPABTPA and TPABCHO were utilized as complementary emitters for a sky-blue thermally activated delayed fluorescence material to fabricate two-color fluorescent white OLEDs (WOLEDs) in a fully non-doped emissive-layer configuration. Furthermore, device performance was optimized through a simple device engineering strategy by sandwiching a suitable interlayer between the emitting layers. As a result, the optimized TPABTPA and TPABCHO-based WOLEDs successfully achieved high EQEs of 23.0% and 8.6% respectively, along with low efficiency roll-off and good spectral stability, due to high exciton utilization efficiency of the emitters and importantly efficient suppression of non-radiative energy transfer process.

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