Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 16.020
Filtrar
1.
Neural Regen Res ; 20(3): 845-857, 2025 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38886957

RESUMO

JOURNAL/nrgr/04.03/01300535-202503000-00029/figure1/v/2024-06-17T092413Z/r/image-tiff It has been shown clinically that continuous removal of ischemia/reperfusion-induced reactive oxygen species is not conducive to the recovery of late stroke. Indeed, previous studies have shown that excessive increases in hypochlorous acid after stroke can cause severe damage to brain tissue. Our previous studies have found that a small amount of hypochlorous acid still exists in the later stage of stroke, but its specific role and mechanism are currently unclear. To simulate stroke in vivo, a middle cerebral artery occlusion rat model was established, with an oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation model established in vitro to mimic stroke. We found that in the early stage (within 24 hours) of ischemic stroke, neutrophils produced a large amount of hypochlorous acid, while in the recovery phase (10 days after stroke), microglia were activated and produced a small amount of hypochlorous acid. Further, in acute stroke in rats, hypochlorous acid production was prevented using a hypochlorous acid scavenger, taurine, or myeloperoxidase inhibitor, 4-aminobenzoic acid hydrazide. Our results showed that high levels of hypochlorous acid (200 µM) induced neuronal apoptosis after oxygen/glucose deprivation/reoxygenation. However, in the recovery phase of the middle cerebral artery occlusion model, a moderate level of hypochlorous acid promoted the proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells into neurons and astrocytes. This suggests that hypochlorous acid plays different roles at different phases of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Lower levels of hypochlorous acid (5 and 100 µM) promoted nuclear translocation of ß-catenin. By transfection of single-site mutation plasmids, we found that hypochlorous acid induced chlorination of the ß-catenin tyrosine 30 residue, which promoted nuclear translocation. Altogether, our study indicates that maintaining low levels of hypochlorous acid plays a key role in the recovery of neurological function.

2.
Neural Regen Res ; 20(1): 224-233, 2025 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38767487

RESUMO

JOURNAL/nrgr/04.03/01300535-202501000-00030/figure1/v/2024-05-14T021156Z/r/image-tiff Axonal remodeling is a critical aspect of ischemic brain repair processes and contributes to spontaneous functional recovery. Our previous in vitro study demonstrated that exosomes/small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) isolated from cerebral endothelial cells (CEC-sEVs) of ischemic brain promote axonal growth of embryonic cortical neurons and that microRNA 27a (miR-27a) is an elevated miRNA in ischemic CEC-sEVs. In the present study, we investigated whether normal CEC-sEVs engineered to enrich their levels of miR-27a (27a-sEVs) further enhance axonal growth and improve neurological outcomes after ischemic stroke when compared with treatment with non-engineered CEC-sEVs. 27a-sEVs were isolated from the conditioned medium of healthy mouse CECs transfected with a lentiviral miR-27a expression vector. Small EVs isolated from CECs transfected with a scramble vector (Scra-sEVs) were used as a control. Adult male mice were subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion and then were randomly treated with 27a-sEVs or Scra-sEVs. An array of behavior assays was used to measure neurological function. Compared with treatment of ischemic stroke with Scra-sEVs, treatment with 27a-sEVs significantly augmented axons and spines in the peri-infarct zone and in the corticospinal tract of the spinal grey matter of the denervated side, and significantly improved neurological outcomes. In vitro studies demonstrated that CEC-sEVs carrying reduced miR-27a abolished 27a-sEV-augmented axonal growth. Ultrastructural analysis revealed that 27a-sEVs systemically administered preferentially localized to the pre-synaptic active zone, while quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western Blot analysis showed elevated miR-27a, and reduced axonal inhibitory proteins Semaphorin 6A and Ras Homolog Family Member A in the peri-infarct zone. Blockage of the Clathrin-dependent endocytosis pathway substantially reduced neuronal internalization of 27a-sEVs. Our data provide evidence that 27a-sEVs have a therapeutic effect on stroke recovery by promoting axonal remodeling and improving neurological outcomes. Our findings also suggest that suppression of axonal inhibitory proteins such as Semaphorin 6A may contribute to the beneficial effect of 27a-sEVs on axonal remodeling.

3.
Toxicon ; 247: 107849, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38971474

RESUMO

Mushroom poisoning is a significant contributor to foodborne disease outbreaks in China. This study focuses on two Panaeolus subbalteatus poisoning incidents accompanied by epidemiological investigations, species identification, and toxin detection in Ningxia, northwest China. In these two poisoning incidents, some patients exhibited gastrointestinal or neurological symptoms approximately 0.5 h after ingestion of a large amount of wild mushroom. Specifically, in Case 1, one of the three patients experienced nausea, vomiting, and numbness in the throat and limbs; in Case 2, one patient reported dizziness and an abnormal sense of direction. Through morphological and phylogenetic analyses, mushroom specimens were identified as P. subbalteatus. Psilocybin and psilocin were detected in mushroom samples, and only psilocin was detected in biological samples by liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-linear ion trap mass spectrometry screening. The average psilocybin and psilocin contents in mushroom samples were 1532.2-1760.7 and 114.5-136.0 mg/kg (n = 3), respectively. Moreover, only psilocin was detected in blood and urine samples, with average concentrations 0.5-1.2 ng/mL (n = 3) and 2.5-3.1 ng/mL (n = 3), respectively. These findings provide technical support for managing similar incidents in the future.

4.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 2024 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39007823

RESUMO

StreamSAXS is a Python-based small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS/WAXS) data analysis workflow platform with graphical user interface (GUI). It aims to provide an interactive and user-friendly tool for analysis of both batch data files and real-time data streams. Users can easily create customizable workflows through the GUI to meet their specific needs. One characteristic of StreamSAXS is its plug-in framework, which enables developers to extend the built-in workflow tasks. Another feature is the support for both already acquired and real-time data sources, allowing StreamSAXS to function as an offline analysis platform or be integrated into large-scale acquisition systems for end-to-end data management. This paper presents the core design of StreamSAXS and provides user cases demonstrating its utilization for SAXS/WAXS data analysis in offline and online scenarios.

5.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 5616, 2024 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38965253

RESUMO

Patterns on polymers usually have different mechanical properties as those of the substrates, causing deformation or distortion and even detachment of the patterns from the polymer substrates. Herein, we present a wrinkling strategy, which utilizes photolithography to define the area of stress distribution by light-induced physical crosslinking of polymers and controls diffusion of residual solvent to redistribute the stress and then offers the same material for patterns as substrate by thermal polymerization, providing uniform wrinkles without worrying about force relaxation. The strategy allows the recording and hiding of up to eight switchable images in one place that can be read by the naked eye without crosstalk, applying the wrinkled polymer for optical anti-counterfeiting. The wrinkled polyimide film was also utilized to act as a substrate for the creation of fine copper circuit by a full-additive process. It generates flexible integrated circuit (IC) carrier board with copper wire density of 400% higher than that of the state-of-the-art in industry while fulfilling the standards for industrialization.

6.
Biol Reprod ; 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38984926

RESUMO

Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is manifestations of endometrial fibrosis and excessive extracellular matrix deposition. C1q/tumor necrosis factor-related protein-6 (CTRP6) is a newly identified adiponectin paralog which has been reported to modulate the fibrosis process of several diseases; however, the endometrial fibrosis function of CTRP6 remains unknown. Our study aimed to assess the role of CTRP6 in endometrial fibrosis and further explore the underlying mechanism. Here, we found that the expression of CTRP6 was downregulated in the endometrial tissues of IUA. In vitro experiments demonstrated the reduced level of CTRP6 in facilitated transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1)-induced human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs). In addition, CTRP6 inhibited the expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen I in TGF-ß1-treated HESCs. Mechanistically, CTRP6 activated the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and protein kinase B (AKT) pathway in HESCs, and AMPK inhibitor (AraA) or PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) pretreatment abolished the protective effect of CTRP6 on TGF-ß1-induced fibrosis. CTRP6 markedly decreased TGF-ß1-induced Smad3 phosphorylation and nuclear translocation, and AMPK or AKT inhibition reversed these effects. Notably, CTRP6-overexpressing treatment alleviated the fibrosis of endometrium in vivo. Therefore, CTRP6 ameliorates endometrial fibrosis, among which AMPK and AKT are essential for the anti-fibrotic effect of CTRP6 via the Smad3 pathway. Taken together, CTRP6 may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of intrauterine adhesion.

7.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 16(6): 2271-2283, 2024 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38994170

RESUMO

The morbidity and mortality of gastrointestinal (GI) malignancies are among the highest in the world, posing a serious threat to human health. Because of the insidious onset of the cancer, it is difficult for patients to be diagnosed at an early stage, and it rapidly progresses to an advanced stage, resulting in poor treatment and prognosis. Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) is a gram-negative, spore-free anaerobic bacterium that primarily colonizes the oral cavity and is implicated in the development of colorectal, esophageal, gastric, and pancreatic cancers via various intricate mechanisms. Recent development in novel research suggests that F. nucleatum may function as a biomarker in GI malignancies. Detecting the abundance of F. nucleatum in stool, saliva, and serum samples of patients may aid in the diagnosis, risk assessment, and prognosis monitoring of GI malignancies. This editorial systematically describes the biological roles and mechanisms of F. nucleatum in GI malignancies focusing on the application of F. nucleatum as a biomarker in the diagnosis and prognosis of GI malignancies to promote the clinical translation of F. nucleatum and GI tumors-related research.

8.
Front Nutr ; 11: 1405033, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39015537

RESUMO

Cataract is a common eye disease characterized by lens opacity, leading to blurred vision and progressive blindness of the eye. Factors affecting the development of cataracts include nutrition, oxidative stress, micronutrients and inflammatory factors, and also include genetics, toxicity, infrared exposure, hyperuricemia, and mechanical injuries. Among the nutritional factors, a balanced diet, vegetarian diet, dairy products and vegetables are protective against cataracts; high-sodium diet, high intake of carbohydrates and polyunsaturated fatty acids may increase the risk of cataracts; and increased intake of proteins, especially animal proteins, may prevent nuclear cataracts. Intake of antioxidants such as ß-carotene, lutein, or zeaxanthin is associated with a reduced risk of cataracts. Minerals such as zinc, selenium, calcium and sodium have also been associated with cataract development. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of cataracts and is associated with several antioxidative enzymes and biomarkers such as glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Insulin resistance is also an essential risk factor for cataracts, especially in diabetic patients. In conclusion, understanding these influencing factors helps us to better prevent cataracts. And in this article, we will focus on the important factor of diet and nutrition for a detailed discussion.

10.
J Med Virol ; 96(7): e29808, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39023086

RESUMO

To investigate the progress of disparities in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), gonorrhea, and syphilis among children and adolescents aged 6-22 years in China during 2013-2021. A total of 614 325 cases data were extracted from the Chinese Information System for Infectious Diseases Control and Prevention during 2013-2021. Puberty health education data were drew from the Student Health Surveillance in 2021. Disparity patterns and average annual percentage changes (AAPCs) in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) incidence or new cases in China were examined using descriptive statistics and joinpoint regression. The incidence across 345 cities was stratified by gross domestic product (GDP). Between 2013 and 2021, there were 614 325 reported cases of HIV/AIDS, gonorrhea, and syphilis among children and adolescents aged 6-22, with an annual average incidence of 24.0967 per 100 000. The expansion of HIV/AIDS has halted, yet the surge in gonorrhea and syphilis remains notably pronounced. The ratio of male to female AIDS incidence increased from 2.75 (2.60, 2.90) to 7.13 (6.68, 7.62), but that of syphilis changed from 0.33 (0.32, 0.34) to 0.56 (0.55, 0.57). Students and out-of-school individuals aged 13-15 experienced a notably high increase in STI cases, surpassing other age groups, with an average annual percentage increase of 29.2% and 26.3%, respectively. Nonstudents consistently had a higher incidence rate than students, with an IRR reaching 31.80 (31.24, 32.37) in 2021. A noticeable clustering pattern of new cases emerged in the southeastern region of the Heihe-Tengchong line, extending inland from the coastal areas. Districts and counties with lower rates of puberty sexual health education tended to have higher average STI incidence rates. At the prefecture and city levels, there was a noticeable upward trend on average STI incidence rates in cities with per capita GDPs. Strategies to address those disparities include promoting equitable health education, and widespread sexual health education, particularly in areas with limited access to education and experiencing rapid economic development. The effectiveness of sexual health education intervention needs to be further evaluated in well-designed studies.


Assuntos
Gonorreia , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Humanos , Adolescente , Masculino , Feminino , China/epidemiologia , Incidência , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Gonorreia/epidemiologia , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Monitoramento Epidemiológico
11.
Adv Healthc Mater ; : e2401586, 2024 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39023386

RESUMO

Synergistic therapy has become the major therapeutic method for malignant tumors in clinical. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and radiotherapy (RT) always combine together because of their identical anti-tumor mechanisms, that is reactive oxygen species are generated by the use of radiosensitizers after irradiation by X-ray to efficiently kill cancer cells, PDT also follows similar mechanism. Full exposure of energy-absorbing species in nanomaterials to X-ray or near-infrared light irradiation makes the energy interchange between nanomaterials and surrounding H2O or dissolved oxygen easier, however, it remains challenging. Herein, an ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) nanosheet (NS) is developed, Bi2O2CO3, doped with lanthanide ions to give out upconversion luminescence, where the high Z elements Bi, Yb, and Er promote the radio-sensitizing effect. To the surprise, lanthanide activator ions gave out completely different luminescence properties compared with traditional upconversion nanoparticles. Less dopant of Er ions in nanosheets lattice resulted in brighter red emission, which provides more efficient PDT. Under RT/PDT combined treatment, NS shows a good tumor growth-inhibiting effect. In addition, synergistic therapy requires lower radiation dose than conventional radiotherapy and lower light power than single photodynamic therapy, thus greatly reducing radiation damage caused by RT and thermal damage caused by PDT.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 16(28): 36281-36288, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38949968

RESUMO

Superionic halides have attracted widespread attention as solid electrolytes due to their excellent ionic conductivity, soft texture, and stability toward high-voltage electrode materials. Among them, Li3InCl6 has aroused interest since it can be easily synthesized in water or ethanol. However, investigations into the influence of solvents on both the crystal structure and properties remain unexplored. In this work, Li3InCl6 is synthesized by three different solvents: water, ethanol, and water-ethanol mixture, and the difference in properties has been studied. The results show that the product obtained by the ethanol solvent demonstrates the largest unit cell parameters with more vacancies, which tend to crystallize on the (131) plane and provide the 3D isotropic network migration for lithium-ions. Thus, it exhibits the highest ionic conductivity (1.06 mS cm-1) at room temperature and the lowest binding energy (0.272 eV). The assembled all-solid-state lithium metal batteries (ASSLMBs) employing Li3InCl6 electrolytes demonstrate a high initial discharge capacity of 153.9 mA h g-1 at 0.1 C (1 C = 170 mA h g-1) and the reversible capacity retention rate can reach 82.83% after 50 cycles. This work studies the difference in ionic conductivity between Li3InCl6 electrolytes synthesized by different solvents, which can provide a reference for the future synthesis of halide electrolytes and enable their practical application in halide-based ASSLMBs with a high energy density.

13.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2403358, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973351

RESUMO

Conductive polymer hydrogels exhibit unique electrical, electrochemical, and mechanical properties, making them highly competitive electrode materials for stretchable high-capacity energy storage devices for cutting-edge wearable electronics. However, it remains extremely challenging to simultaneously achieve large mechanical stretchability, high electrical conductivity, and excellent electrochemical properties in conductive polymer hydrogels because introducing soft insulating networks for improving stretchability inevitably deteriorates the connectivity of rigid conductive domain and decreases the conductivity and electrochemical activity. This work proposes a distinct confinement self-assembly and multiple crosslinking strategy to develop a new type of organic-inorganic hybrid conductive hydrogels with biphase interpenetrating cross-linked networks. The hydrogels simultaneously exhibit high conductivity (2000 S m-1), large stretchability (200%), and high electrochemical activity, outperforming existing conductive hydrogels. The inherent mechanisms for the unparalleled comprehensive performances are thoroughly investigated. Elastic all-hydrogel supercapacitors are prepared based on the hydrogels, showing high specific capacitance (212.5 mF cm-2), excellent energy density (18.89 µWh cm-2), and large deformability. Moreover, flexible self-powered luminescent integrated systems are constructed based on the supercapacitors, which can spontaneously shine anytime and anywhere without extra power. This work provides new insights and feasible avenues for developing high-performance stretchable electrode materials and energy storage devices for wearable electronics.

14.
Int J Equity Health ; 23(1): 136, 2024 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mental health inequality between migrants and non-migrants was exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying key determinants of this inequality is essential in promoting health equity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited Shanghai residents by purposive sampling during the city-wide lockdown (from April 29 to June 1, 2022) using an online questionnaire. Migration statuses (non-migrants, permanent migrants, and temporary migrants) were identified by migration experience and by household registration in Shanghai. Mental health symptoms (depression, anxiety, loneliness, and problematic anger) were assessed by self-report scales. The nonlinear Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition was used to quantify mental health inequality (i.e., differences in predicted probabilities between migration groups) and the contribution of expected correlates (i.e., change in predicted probability associated with variation in the correlate divided by the group difference). RESULTS: The study included 2738 participants (771 [28.2%] non-migrants; 389 [14.2%] permanent migrants; 1578 [57.6%] temporary migrants). We found inequalities in depression (7.1%) and problematic anger (7.8%) between permanent migrants and non-migrants, and inequalities in anxiety (7.3%) and loneliness (11.3%) between temporary migrants and non-migrants. When comparing permanent migrants and non-migrants, age and social capital explained 12.7% and 17.1% of the inequality in depression, and 13.3% and 21.4% of the inequality in problematic anger. Between temporary migrants and non-migrants, age and social capital also significantly contributed to anxiety inequality (23.0% and 18.2%) and loneliness inequality (26.5% and 16.3%), while monthly household income (20.4%) and loss of monthly household income (34.0%) contributed the most to anxiety inequality. CONCLUSIONS: Significant inequalities in depression and problematic anger among permanent migrants and inequalities in anxiety and loneliness among temporary migrants were observed. Strengthening social capital and economic security can aid in public health emergency preparedness and promote mental health equity among migrant populations.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Depressão , Solidão , Saúde Mental , Migrantes , Humanos , China , Masculino , Migrantes/psicologia , Migrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , COVID-19/psicologia , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Depressão/psicologia , Solidão/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , SARS-CoV-2 , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem , Ira , População do Leste Asiático
15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1413032, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39005655

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the impact of blended learning, based on the ADDIE model, on theoretical and practical aspects of nursing staff training. Methods: Retrospective analysis of data from 87 nursing staff members in Xi'an Qinhuang Hospital divided into control (n = 43) and observation (n = 44) groups. The control group received conventional training, while the observation group underwent blended learning. Comparative analysis included theoretical knowledge, practical skills, self-directed learning, critical thinking, and teaching satisfaction. Results: The observation group showed significantly higher theoretical knowledge, practical skills, self-directed learning, critical thinking, and teaching satisfaction compared to the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Blended learning based on the ADDIE model enhances nursing staff training outcomes, improving theoretical knowledge, practical skills, self-directed learning, critical thinking, and teaching satisfaction. This approach presents a promising method for enhancing nursing education and warrants further implementation in clinical settings.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 15: 1381936, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39005940

RESUMO

Background: Osteoking has been extensively used for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). However, it is lack of high-quality evidence on the clinical efficacy of Osteoking against KOA and the comparison with that of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Aims: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Osteoking in treating KOA. Methods: In the current study, a total of 501 subjects were recruited from 20 medical centers, and were divided into the Osteoking treatment group (n = 428) and the NSAIDs treatment group (n = 73). The Propensity Score Matching method was used to balance baseline data of different groups. Then, the therapeutic effects of Osteoking and NSAIDs against KOA were evaluated using VAS score, WOMAC score, EQ-5D-3L and EQ-VAS, while the safety of the two treatment were both assessed based on dry mouth, dizziness, diarrhea, etc. Results: After 8 weeks of treatment, the Osteoking group was compared with the NSAIDs group, the VAS score [2.00 (1.00, 3.00) vs. 3.00 (2.00, 4.00)], WOMAC pain score [10.00 (8.00, 13.00) vs. 11.00 (8.00, 16.00) ], WOMAC physical function score [32.00 (23.00, 39.00) vs. 39.07 ± 16.45], WOMAC total score [44.00 (31.00, 55.00) vs. 53.31 ± 22.47) ], EQ-5D-3L score [0.91 (0.73, 0.91) vs. 0.73 (0.63, 0.83) ] and EQ-VAS score [80.00 (79.00, 90.00) vs. 80.00 (70.00, 84.00) ] were improved by the treatment of Osteoking for 8 weeks more effectively than that by the treatment of NSAIDs. After 8 weeks of treatment with Osteoking, the VAS scores of KOA patients with the treatment of Osteoking for 8 weeks were reduced from 6.00 (5.00, 7.00) to 2.00 (1.00, 3.00) (p < 0.05), which was better than those with the treatment of NSAIDs starting from 2 weeks during this clinical observation. Importantly, further subgroup analysis revealed that the treatment of Osteoking was more suitable for alleviating various clinical symptoms of KOA patients over 65 years old, with female, KL II-III grade and VAS 4-7 scores, while the clinical efficacy of NSAIDs was better in KOA patients under 65 years old and with VAS 8-10 scores. Of note, there were no differences in adverse events and adverse reactions between the treatment groups of the two drugs. Conclusion: Osteoking may exert a satisfying efficacy in relieving joint pain and improving life quality of KOA patients without any adverse reactions, especially for patients with KL II-III grades and VAS 4-7 scores. Clinical Trial Registration: https://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.html?proj=55387, Identifier ChiCTR2000034475.

18.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1418733, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39005992

RESUMO

Introduction: Walking plays a crucial role in promoting physical activity among older adults. Understanding how the built environment influences older adults' walking behavior is vital for promoting physical activity and healthy aging. Among voluminous literature investigating the environmental correlates of walking behaviors of older adults, few have focused on walking duration across different age groups and life stages, let alone examined the potential nonlinearities and thresholds of the built environment. Methods: This study employs travel diary from Zhongshan, China and the gradient boosting decision trees (GBDT) approach to disentangle the age and retirement status differences in the nonlinear and threshold effects of the built environment on older adults' walking duration. Results: The results showed built environment attributes collectively contribute 57.37% for predicting older adults' walking duration, with a higher predicting power for the old-old (70+ years) or the retired. The most influencing built environment attribute for the young-old (60-70 years) is bus stop density, whereas the relative importance of population density, bus stop density, and accessibility to green space or commercial facilities is close for the old-old. The retired tend to walk longer in denser-populated neighborhoods with better bus service, but the non-retired are more active in walking in mixed-developed environments with accessible commercial facilities. The thresholds of bus stop density to encourage walking among the young-old is 7.8 counts/km2, comparing to 6 counts/km2 among the old-old. Regarding the green space accessibility, the effective range for the non-retired (4 to 30%) is smaller than that of the retired (12 to 45%). Discussion: Overall, the findings provide nuanced and diverse interventions for creating walking-friendly neighborhoods to promote walking across different sub-groups of older adults.


Assuntos
Ambiente Construído , Aposentadoria , Caminhada , Humanos , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China , Fatores Etários , Características de Residência , Planejamento Ambiental , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores de Tempo
19.
MedComm (2020) ; 5(7): e640, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39006762

RESUMO

Liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS), an emerging biophysical phenomenon, can sequester molecules to implement physiological and pathological functions. LLPS implements the assembly of numerous membraneless chambers, including stress granules and P-bodies, containing RNA and protein. RNA-RNA and RNA-protein interactions play a critical role in LLPS. Scaffolding proteins, through multivalent interactions and external factors, support protein-RNA interaction networks to form condensates involved in a variety of diseases, particularly neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. Modulating LLPS phenomenon in multiple pathogenic proteins for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and cancer could present a promising direction, though recent advances in this area are limited. Here, we summarize in detail the complexity of LLPS in constructing signaling pathways and highlight the role of LLPS in neurodegenerative diseases and cancers. We also explore RNA modifications on LLPS to alter diseases progression because these modifications can influence LLPS of certain proteins or the formation of stress granules, and discuss the possibility of proper manipulation of LLPS process to restore cellular homeostasis or develop therapeutic drugs for the eradication of diseases. This review attempts to discuss potential therapeutic opportunities by elaborating on the connection between LLPS, RNA modification, and their roles in diseases.

20.
Mar Genomics ; 76: 101122, 2024 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39009495

RESUMO

Pseudomonas species are known for their diverse metabolic abilities and broad ecological distribution. They are fundamental components of bacterial communities and perform essential ecological functions in the environment. A psychrotrophic Pseudomonas sp. IT1137 was isolated from intertidal sediment in the coastal region of the Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica. The strain contained a circular chromosome of 5,346,697 bp with a G + C content of 61.66 mol% and one plasmid of 4481 bp with a G + C content of 64.61 mol%. A total of 4848 protein-coding genes, 65 tRNA genes and 15 rRNA genes were obtained. Genome sequence analysis revealed that strain IT1137 not only is a potentially novel species of the genus Pseudomonas but also harbors functional genes related to nitrogen, sulfur and phosphorus cycling. In addition, genes involved in alkane degradation, ectoine synthesis and cyclic lipopeptide (CLP) production were detected in the bacterial genome. The results indicate the potential of the strain Pseudomonas sp. IT1137 for biotechnological applications such as bioremediation and secondary metabolite production and are helpful for understanding bacterial adaptability and ecological function in cold coastal environments.


Assuntos
Alcanos , Temperatura Baixa , Genoma Bacteriano , Sedimentos Geológicos , Pseudomonas , Pseudomonas/genética , Regiões Antárticas , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Alcanos/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Biodegradação Ambiental
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA