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1.
Cancer Med ; 8(14): 6195-6211, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305011

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health concern in China. We report the end-of-study results of a phase II/III trial to assess the efficacy, immunogenicity, and safety of the AS04-human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 vaccine in Chinese women aged 18-25 years followed for up to 72 months after first vaccination. Results of approximately 57 months following first vaccination have been previously reported. METHODS: Healthy 18-25-year-old women (N = 6051) were randomized (1:1) to receive three doses of AS04-HPV-16/18 vaccine or Al(OH)3 (control) at Months 0-1-6. Vaccine efficacy against HPV-16/18 infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), cross-protective vaccine efficacy against infections and lesions associated with nonvaccine oncogenic HPV types, immunogenicity, and safety were assessed. Efficacy was assessed in the according-to-protocol efficacy (ATP-E) cohort (vaccine N = 2888; control N = 2892), total vaccinated cohort for efficacy (TVC-E; vaccine N = 2987; control N = 2985) and TVC-naïve (vaccine N = 1660; control N = 1587). RESULTS: In initially HPV-16/18 seronegative/DNA-negative women, vaccine efficacy against HPV-16/18-associated CIN grade 2 or worse was 87.3% (95% CI: 5.5, 99.7) in the ATP-E, 88.7% (95% CI: 18.5, 99.7) in the TVC-E, and 100% (95% CI: 17.9, 100) in the TVC-naïve. Cross-protective efficacy against incident infection with HPV-31, HPV-33 and HPV-45 was 59.6% (95% CI: 39.4, 73.5), 42.7% (95% CI: 15.6, 61.6), and 54.8% (95% CI: 19.3, 75.6), respectively (ATP-E). At Month 72, >95% of initially seronegative women who received HPV vaccine in the ATP cohort for immunogenicity (N = 664) remained seropositive for anti-HPV-16/18 antibodies; anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 geometric mean titers were 678.1 EU/mL (95% CI: 552.9, 831.5) and 343.7 EU/mL (95% CI: 291.9, 404.8), respectively. Serious adverse events were infrequent (1.9% vaccine group [N = 3026]; 2.7% control group [N = 3025]). Three and zero women died in the control group and the vaccine group respectively. New onset autoimmune disease was reported in two women in the vaccine group and two in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first large-scale randomized clinical trial of HPV vaccination in China. High and sustained vaccine efficacy against HPV-16/18-associated infection and cervical lesions was demonstrated up to Month 72. The vaccine had an acceptable safety profile. Combined with screening, prophylactic HPV vaccination could potentially reduce the high burden of HPV infection and cervical cancer in China. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT00779766.

2.
Cancer Med ; 6(1): 12-25, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27998015

RESUMO

We previously reported the results of a phase II/III, double-blind, randomized controlled study in Chinese women (NCT00779766) showing a 94.2% (95% confidence interval: 62.7-99.9) HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine efficacy (VE) against cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 or higher (CIN1+) and/or 6-month (M) persistent infection (PI) with a mean follow-up of <2 years, and immunogenicity until 7 months post-dose 1. Here, we report efficacy and safety results from an event-triggered analysis with ~3 years longer follow-up, and immunogenicity until M24. Healthy 18-25-year-old women (N = 6051) were randomized (1:1) to receive three doses of HPV-16/18 vaccine or Al(OH)3 (control) at M0, 1, 6. VE against HPV-16/18-associated CIN2+, and cross-protective VE against infections with nonvaccine oncogenic HPV types, immunogenicity, and safety were assessed. In the according-to-protocol efficacy cohort, in initially seronegative/DNA-negative women (vaccine group: N = 2524; control group: N = 2535), VE against HPV-16/18-associated CIN2+ was 87.3% (5.3-99.7); VE against incident infection or against 6-month persistent infection associated with HPV-31/33/45 was 50.1% (34.3-62.3) or 52.6% (24.5-70.9), respectively. At least, 99.6% of HPV-16/18-vaccines remained seropositive for anti-HPV-16/18 antibodies; anti-HPV-16 and -18 geometric mean titers were 1271.1 EU/mL (1135.8-1422.6) and 710.0 EU/ml (628.6-801.9), respectively. Serious adverse events were infrequent (1.7% vaccine group [N = 3026]; 2.5% control group [N = 3026]). Of the 1595 reported pregnancies, nine had congenital anomalies (five live infants, three elective terminations, one stillbirth) that were unlikely vaccination-related (blinded data). VE against HPV-16/18-associated CIN2+ was demonstrated and evidence of cross-protective VE against oncogenic HPV types was shown. The vaccine was immunogenic and had an acceptable safety profile.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Papillomavirus Humano 16/imunologia , Papillomavirus Humano 18/imunologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
3.
Lancet ; 386(10002): 1457-64, 2015 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26142048

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common gastric pathogens, affecting at least half the world's population, and is strongly associated with gastritis, peptic ulcer, gastric adenocarcinoma, and lymphoma. We aimed to assess the efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of a three-dose oral recombinant H pylori vaccine in children in China. METHODS: We did this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial at one centre in Ganyu County, Jiangsu Province, China. Healthy children aged 6-15 years without past or present H pylori infection were randomly assigned (1:1), via computer-generated randomisation codes in blocks of ten, to receive the H pylori vaccine or placebo. Participants, their guardians, and study investigators were masked to treatment allocation. The primary efficacy endpoint was the occurrence of H pylori infection within 1 year after vaccination. We did analysis in the per-protocol population. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02302170. FINDINGS: Between Dec 2, 2004, and March 19, 2005, we randomly assigned 4464 participants to either the vaccine group (n=2232) or the placebo group (n=2232), of whom 4403 (99%) participants completed the three-dose vaccination schedule and were included in the per-protocol efficacy analysis. We extended follow-up to 3 years. We recorded 64 events of H pylori infection within the first year (14 events in 2074·3 person-years at risk in the vaccine group vs 50 events in 2089·6 person-years at risk in the placebo group), resulting in a vaccine efficacy of 71·8% (95% CI 48·2-85·6). 157 (7%) participants in the vaccine group and 161 (7%) participants in the placebo group reported at least one adverse reaction. Serious adverse events were reported in five (<1%) participants in the vaccine group and seven (<1%) participants in the placebo group, but none was considered to be vaccination related. INTERPRETATION: The oral recombinant H pylori vaccine was effective, safe, and immunogenic in H pylori-naive children. This vaccine could substantially reduce the incidence of H pylori infection; however, follow up over a longer period is needed to confirm the protection of the vaccine against H pylori-associated diseases. FUNDING: Chongqing Kangwei Biological Technology.


Assuntos
Vacinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Helicobacter/prevenção & controle , Helicobacter pylori/imunologia , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Vacinas Bacterianas/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Criança , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Ativa/imunologia , Masculino , Proteínas Recombinantes , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Int J Cancer ; 135(11): 2604-11, 2014 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24740547

RESUMO

Baseline human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence and type distribution were evaluated in young Chinese women enrolled in a clinical trial of an HPV vaccine (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT00779766). Cervical specimens and blood samples were collected at baseline from women aged 18-25 years (n = 6,051) from four sites across Jiangsu province. Cervical specimens were tested for HPV DNA by SPF10 PCR-DEIA-LiPA25 version 1, and HPV-16/18 type-specific polymerase chain reaction. Anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 antibody titres were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. At baseline, 15.3% of women were DNA positive for any of 14 HPV high-risk (hr) types (HPV-16/18/31/33/35/39/45/51/52/56/58/59/66/68). The most commonly detected hrHPV types in cervical specimens were HPV-52 (4.0%) and HPV-16 (3.7%). High-risk HPV DNA-positivity increased with severity of cytological abnormalities: 39.3% in atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, 85.0% in low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and 97.8% in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL). The hrHPV types most frequently detected in HSIL were HPV-16 (63.0%), HPV-18 (17.4%), HPV-52 (17.4%), HPV-58 (15.2%) and HPV-33 (15.2%). The hrHPV types most frequently detected in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2+ were HPV-16 (66.1%), HPV-33 (16.1%), HPV-52 (16.1%), HPV-58 (14.5%) and HPV-51 (11.3%). Multiple hrHPV infections were reported for 24.4% of hrHPV DNA positive women. Regardless of baseline HPV DNA status, 30.5% and 16.0% of subjects were initially seropositive for anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18, respectively. In conclusion, the high baseline seropositivity rate and intermediate prevalence of cervical hrHPV types in Chinese women aged 18-25 years underlines the importance of early HPV vaccination in this population.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Saúde da Mulher , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/prevenção & controle , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Colo do Útero/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , DNA Viral/genética , Método Duplo-Cego , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Papillomaviridae/genética , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Displasia do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Displasia do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Adulto Jovem
5.
Int J Cancer ; 135(11): 2612-22, 2014 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24740596

RESUMO

This phase II/III, double-blind, randomized trial assessed the efficacy, immunogenicity and safety of the human papillomavirus (HPV)-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine in young Chinese women (ClinicalTrials.gov registration NCT00779766). Women aged 18-25 years from Jiangsu province were randomized (1:1) to receive HPV vaccine (n = 3,026) or Al(OH)3 control (n = 3,025) at months 0, 1 and 6. The primary objective was vaccine efficacy (VE) against HPV-16/18 associated 6-month persistent infection (PI) and/or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 1+. Secondary objectives were VE against virological and clinical endpoints associated with HPV-16/18 and with high-risk HPV types, immunogenicity and safety. Mean follow-up for the according-to-protocol cohort for efficacy (ATP-E) was ∼15 months after the third dose. In the ATP-E (vaccine = 2,889; control = 2,894), for initially HPV DNA negative and seronegative subjects, HPV-16/18 related VE (95% CI) was 94.2% (62.7, 99.9) against 6-month PI and/or CIN1+ and 93.8% (60.2, 99.9) against cytological abnormalities. VE against HPV-16/18 associated CIN1+ and CIN2+ was 100% (-50.4, 100) and 100% (-140.2, 100), respectively (no cases in the vaccine group and 4 CIN1+ and 3 CIN2+ cases in the control group). At Month 7, at least 99.7% of initially seronegative vaccine recipients had seroconverted for HPV-16/18; geometric mean antibody titres (95% CI) were 6,996 (6,212 to 7,880) EU/mL for anti-HPV-16 and 3,309 (2,942 to 3,723) EU/mL for anti-HPV-18. Safety outcomes between groups were generally similar. The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine is effective, immunogenic and has a clinically acceptable safety profile in young Chinese women. Prophylactic HPV vaccination has the potential to substantially reduce the burden of cervical cancer in China.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/prevenção & controle , Papillomavirus Humano 16/isolamento & purificação , Papillomavirus Humano 18/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Displasia do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/imunologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China , DNA Viral/genética , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Resultado do Tratamento , Displasia do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Displasia do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Vaccine ; 32(29): 3706-12, 2014 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24681228

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Alternative schedules are needed to provide greater immunogenicity in adults who fail to respond to the standard hepatitis B (HB) vaccine regimen. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of high antigen content HB vaccine formulations administered to non-responders after routine primary vaccination. DESIGN SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a phase III, double-blind, controlled clinical trial in China. We enrolled healthy participants (16-60 years old) seronegative for HB surface (HBs) antigen after primary vaccination, who had HBs antibody (anti-HBs) titres <10 mIU/ml at 28 days following routine vaccination with licensed HB vaccine containing 10 µg of antigen. Participants were randomised (2:2:1) to receive three booster doses of HB vaccine formulations containing 60 µg, 30 µg or 10 µg of antigen per dose 28 days apart. Blood samples were obtained pre-vaccination and 28 days after each dose to assess immunogenicity. Reactogenicity and safety were evaluated up to 28 days after each vaccine dose. RESULTS: Seroconversion rates were ≥ 92.1% and ≥ 87.1% as from the second dose of the 60 µg and 30 µg HB vaccine formulations, respectively, with geometric mean concentrations (GMCs) of ≥ 286.0 mIU/ml and ≥ 164.0 mIU/ml. In the 10 µg HB vaccine group the seroconversion rates were ≥ 83.0% and the GMCs ≥ 110.1 mIU/ml as from the second vaccine dose. All HB vaccine formulations were well tolerated: 352/1091 (32.3%) participants reported at least one injection-site or systemic adverse reaction (145/434 [33.4%] from the 60µg group; 138/435 [31.7%] from the 30 µg group and 69/222 [31.1%] from the 10 µg group). Most reactions were mild or moderate and resolved within 24h. No serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSION: Booster vaccination with a three-dose schedule of a high antigen content HB vaccine formulation was immunogenic and well tolerated in healthy adults. Clinicaltrialsgov Identifier: NCT01203319.


Assuntos
Formação de Anticorpos , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/administração & dosagem , Imunização Secundária , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite B/sangue , Antígenos do Núcleo do Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/imunologia , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vacinas Sintéticas/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Sintéticas/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
7.
PLoS One ; 7(5): e37206, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22662137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) has been emerging as an important public problem over the past few decades, especially in Asian and Pacific regions. A national program on EV71 vaccine development against HFMD was initiated in China, in 2008, which called for a need for seroepidemiological study for the target population. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This was a retrospective study conducted in Jiangsu Province, in October, 2010. We measured the neutralizing antibodies against EV71 and CoxA16 in a cohort of infants aged of 2, 7, 12, and 27-38 months and their mothers just before delivery. Series sera samples from 975 infants and 555 mothers were collected and analyzed. Questionnaires on the history of HFMD were completed in the survey. A total of 143 HFMD cases were collected, but only 11.2% were reported to the National Infectious Disease Information Management System. The level of maternal antibody titers decreased dramatically during the first 7 month and remained at a relatively low level thereafter. But it increased significantly from month 12 to months 27-38. The accumulate incidence density of HFMD demonstrated a significant increase after 14 months of age, resulting in a accumulate incidence density of 50.8/1000 person-years in survey period. Seropositivity of EV71 antibody in infants at the age of 2 months seems to demonstrate a protective effect against HFMD. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE: High seropositive rate of EV71 and CoxA16 antibody was found in prenatal women in mainland China, and there is a need to enhance the HFMD case management and the current surveillance system. We suggest that infants aged between 6 to 14 months should have the first priority to receive EV71 vaccine.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Enterovirus Humano A/imunologia , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Adulto , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/imunologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Exposição Materna , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Chin J Cancer ; 30(8): 559-64, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21801604

RESUMO

Globally, about 70% of cervical cancers are associated with human papillomavirus (HPV)-16 or HPV-18 infection. A meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies in China showed that HPV was present in 98% of cervical cancer samples. The HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine Cervarix has shown a high level of protection against HPV-16/18 infections and associated cervical lesions. This phase I trial (NCT00549900) assessed the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of the vaccine in Chinese. Thirty healthy Chinese females, aged 15 to 45 years with a median age of 29.5 years, received three doses of Cervarix in Months 0, 1, and 6. Safety was assessed via recording solicited local and systemic symptoms within 7 days and unsolicited symptoms within 30 days after each vaccination. Serious adverse events, new onset of chronic diseases, and other medically significant conditions were recorded throughout this trial. As an exploratory objective, HPV-16/18 antibody titers were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in serum samples collected in Months 0 and 7. Pain at the injection site was the most frequently reported local symptom. Two subjects reported medically significant adverse events. Both cases were assessed as unrelated to vaccination by the investigator. In Month 7, 100% seroconversion was observed for both anti-HPV-16 and anti-HPV-18 with high geometric mean antibody titers. HPV-16/18 AS04-adjuvanted vaccine, evaluated for the first time in Chinese females, was generally well tolerated and immunogenic, as previously shown in global studies.


Assuntos
Papillomavirus Humano 16/imunologia , Papillomavirus Humano 18/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16335400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether connexin 26 (Cx26) gene was a nuclear modifier gene in an extensive family with matrilineal nonsyndromic deafness associated with A1555G mutation in Huaiyin, China. METHODS: Following PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) with ApaI restriction enzyme, Cx26 genes from 26 cases, with A1555G mitochondrial mutations in this family, and 62 controls (including 2 patrilineal relatives, 10 spouse controls and 50 unrelated controls), were sequenced. RESULTS: Compared with the reference sequence of Cx26 gene, totally four kinds of nucleotide changes,79G -->A, 109G-->A, 341G-->A and 235delC, were detected in a heterozygous form. However, the former three were previously reported polymorphisms, and only the 235delC was a previously described recessive mutation associated with most autosomal nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss in Japan and China. Further study showed that the heterozygous 235delC mutation existed in both one individual with mild hearing loss and two individuals with normal hearing. Clinical characterization showed that 235delC mutation did not seem to modify the deafness phenotype due to the A1555G mutation. Moreover, this 235delC mutation was deduced to derive from a married-in control. Finally, there were no co-segregation between the phenotypes of hearing loss and the genotypes for Cx26 genes based on the four kinds of nucleotide changes. CONCLUSIONS: The heterozygous 235delC mutation of the Cx26 gene may not modulate the severity of hearing loss associated with A1555G mutation and Cx26 gene is unlikely to be a modifier gene for hearing loss due to A1555G mitochondrial mutation in this Chinese family.


Assuntos
Conexinas/genética , Surdez/genética , Mutação , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Conexina 26 , Surdez/epidemiologia , Surdez/etnologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Análise de Sequência , Adulto Jovem
10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 26(7): 503-6, 2005 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16335001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of Canada split influenza virus vaccine. METHODS: Cluster samples were by randomly chosen and divided into split vaccination group and homoimported influenza vaccination group. RESULTS: After injection, fever-reaction and local reaction rates of 'trial' group were found as 3.69% and 1.75% respectively, but no statistical significance was found when compared with 'control' group. However the antibody positive rates of 'trail' and 'control' groupsappeared statistically significant (H1N1: 96.8% vs. 92.3%, H3N2: 95.8% vs. 90.2%, B: 52.3% vs. 62.3%). For geometric mean titer (GMT) of type H1N1, H3H2 and B antibody, 'trial' group and 'control' group increased 22.4, 16.8, 8.2 and 21.2, 12.5 and 7.4 times respectively. The antibody protective rates of type H1N1, H3N2 and B were 99%, 99% and 53.9% for 'trial' group, and 96.2%, 98.4% and 62.3% for 'control' but with no statistically significant difference. CONCLUSION: Influenza split vaccine made in Shire company in Canada was safe and with good immunogenicity.


Assuntos
Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/imunologia , Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/efeitos adversos , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Formação de Anticorpos/imunologia , Canadá , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Injeções , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
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