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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2629, 2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32457405

RESUMO

Grain size is an important component trait of grain yield, which is frequently threatened by abiotic stress. However, little is known about how grain yield and abiotic stress tolerance are regulated. Here, we characterize GSA1, a quantitative trait locus (QTL) regulating grain size and abiotic stress tolerance associated with metabolic flux redirection. GSA1 encodes a UDP-glucosyltransferase, which exhibits glucosyltransferase activity toward flavonoids and monolignols. GSA1 regulates grain size by modulating cell proliferation and expansion, which are regulated by flavonoid-mediated auxin levels and related gene expression. GSA1 is required for the redirection of metabolic flux from lignin biosynthesis to flavonoid biosynthesis under abiotic stress and the accumulation of flavonoid glycosides, which protect rice against abiotic stress. GSA1 overexpression results in larger grains and enhanced abiotic stress tolerance. Our findings provide insights into the regulation of grain size and abiotic stress tolerance associated with metabolic flux redirection and a potential means to improve crops.

2.
Acupunct Med ; : 964528420912248, 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32310010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory mechanism of manual acupuncture (MA) on microglial polarization-mediated neuroinflammation after traumatic brain injury (TBI), focusing on the RhoA/Rho-associated coiled coil-forming protein kinase (ROCK2) pathway. METHODS: Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were used to generate a TBI model using Feeney's freefall epidural impact method. MA was performed on half of the TBI model rats, while the others remained untreated. Acupuncture was administered at GV15, GV16, GV20, GV26, and LI4. At the end of the intervention, rat brain tissue samples were collected, and the microglial M1 polarization status was observed by immunofluorescence labeling of CD86, an M1 microglia-specific protein. RhoA/ROCK2 signaling components were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the expression levels of inflammatory factors. RESULTS: Compared with normal rats, the CD86 expression density in the untreated TBI model rats was high and showed an aggregated expression pattern. The genes and proteins of the RhoA/ROCK2 signaling pathway were highly expressed, and inflammatory factors were significantly increased. The CD86 expression density in TBI rats after MA was reduced compared to that in untreated TBI rats and showed a scattered distribution. The expression of RhoA/ROCK2 signaling pathway genes and proteins was also significantly reduced, and inflammatory factors were decreased. CONCLUSION: These results show that MA may inhibit M1 polarization of microglia by regulating the RhoA/ROCK2 signaling pathway, thereby reducing neuroinflammation in TBI.

3.
Gut ; 69(6): 1002-1009, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The SARS-CoV-2-infected disease (COVID-19) outbreak is a major threat to human beings. Previous studies mainly focused on Wuhan and typical symptoms. We analysed 74 confirmed COVID-19 cases with GI symptoms in the Zhejiang province to determine epidemiological, clinical and virological characteristics. DESIGN: COVID-19 hospital patients were admitted in the Zhejiang province from 17 January 2020 to 8 February 2020. Epidemiological, demographic, clinical, laboratory, management and outcome data of patients with GI symptoms were analysed using multivariate analysis for risk of severe/critical type. Bioinformatics were used to analyse features of SARS-CoV-2 from Zhejiang province. RESULTS: Among enrolled 651 patients, 74 (11.4%) presented with at least one GI symptom (nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea), average age of 46.14 years, 4-day incubation period and 10.8% had pre-existing liver disease. Of patients with COVID-19 with GI symptoms, 17 (22.97%) and 23 (31.08%) had severe/critical types and family clustering, respectively, significantly higher than those without GI symptoms, 47 (8.14%) and 118 (20.45%). Of patients with COVID-19 with GI symptoms, 29 (39.19%), 23 (31.08%), 8 (10.81%) and 16 (21.62%) had significantly higher rates of fever >38.5°C, fatigue, shortness of breath and headache, respectively. Low-dose glucocorticoids and antibiotics were administered to 14.86% and 41.89% of patients, respectively. Sputum production and increased lactate dehydrogenase/glucose levels were risk factors for severe/critical type. Bioinformatics showed sequence mutation of SARS-CoV-2 with m6A methylation and changed binding capacity with ACE2. CONCLUSION: We report COVID-19 cases with GI symptoms with novel features outside Wuhan. Attention to patients with COVID-19 with non-classic symptoms should increase to protect health providers.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus , Trato Gastrointestinal , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adulto , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Trato Gastrointestinal/fisiopatologia , Trato Gastrointestinal/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Fatores de Risco
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041170

RESUMO

The judgment and assessment of remediation effect on urban black-odor river still depend on the physical-chemical parameters and lack in ecological safety effects. A set of combined biological toxicity tests were applied to evaluate the ecological effects of one urban black-odor river before and after the remediation. The special growth rate of Chlorella vulgaris and mortality rate of Daphnia magna were used to assess acute toxicity. The Salmonella Typhimurium/Reverse Mutation Assay was applied to test the mutagenicity. The tests by C. vulgaris growth showed that there was no inhibition before and after remediation by overlying water, in contrast promoted the growth of C. vulgaris. The tests by D. magna showed slight toxicity on site 3# before remediation and nontoxic after remediation. The mutagenicity of organic extracts from overlying water at all sampling sites were positive before remediation, but were eliminated after remediation except from 3 of 4 sites on TA98 strain. The addition of the liver microsomal S9 induced the positive mutagenicity on site 4# compared to S9 absence. The results clarified the applicable and the importance of the biological toxicity tests on assessing the remediation effect and potential ecological risk of urban black-odor river.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781277

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of compound Kushen injection (CKI) combined with chemo treatment (chemo) for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: We systematically searched the literature published in seven databases, including Embase, PubMed, central, MEDLINE, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP, from their inception to April 2019 for all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing CKI plus chemo with chemo alone in patients with NSCLC. Our main end point was clinical efficiency and the secondary outcomes were Karnofsky performance score (KPS), immune function, and adverse events. The Cochrane risk of bias tool was applied for quality assessment. Results: 10 studies involving 1019 participants were included. The clinical response rate (relative risk (RR) = 1.21, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06 to 1.37; P=0.003), KPS (RR = 2.18, 95% CI: 1.49 to 3.17; P < 0.0001), immune function (mean differences (MD) = 0.82, 95% CI: 0.12 to 1.52; P=0.02) and adverse effects (RR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.60 to 0.74; P < 0.00001) in the CKI plus chemo group showed significant differences when compared with chemo alone. Conclusions: CKI combined with chemo can improve clinical efficiency, KPS, and immune function and reduce adverse reactions in patients with NSCLC when compared with chemo alone. However, more rigorously designed RCTs are needed to validate this benefit, as some of the included RCTs are of low methodological quality.

6.
Opt Express ; 27(22): 32649-32658, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684473

RESUMO

We propose and experimentally demonstrate an ytterbium-doped fiber laser emitting the single high-order cylindrical vector beams with a high efficiency and a high modal purity based on adaptive modal gain control. By the combination of a high-order pump with a self-designed ytterbium-ring doped fiber, modal dependent gain was tailored and specific transverse mode can be selected in the laser cavity. A model based on multimode propagation-rate equations is built up to demonstrate the behaviors of transverse mode competition in the fiber laser. Modal dependent gain of high-order mode pump are simulated numerically, which agree well with our experiment results. The slope efficiency of the fiber laser reaches 79.61% with a low threshold of 47.73mw. The purity of the generated high-order CVBs are in excess of 95%. Such a strategy enables the controllability of modal gain in a fiber laser and reveals the potential to offer a new and promising way to achieve a high-power fiber laser with an arbitrary single high-order transverse modes output.

7.
Mol Plant ; 12(8): 1123-1142, 2019 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075443

RESUMO

As sessile organisms, plants have evolved numerous strategies to acclimate to changes in environmental temperature. However, the molecular basis of this acclimation remains largely unclear. In this study we identified a tRNAHis guanylyltransferase, AET1, which contributes to the modification of pre-tRNAHis and is required for normal growth under high-temperature conditions in rice. Interestingly, AET1 possibly interacts with both RACK1A and eIF3h in the endoplasmic reticulum. Notably, AET1 can directly bind to OsARF mRNAs including the uORFs of OsARF19 and OsARF23, indicating that AET1 is associated with translation regulation. Furthermore, polysome profiling assays suggest that the translational status remains unaffected in the aet1 mutant, but that the translational efficiency of OsARF19 and OsARF23 is reduced; moreover, OsARF23 protein levels are obviously decreased in the aet1 mutant under high temperature, implying that AET1 regulates auxin signaling in response to high temperature. Our findings provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms whereby AET1 regulates the environmental temperature response in rice by playing a dual role in tRNA modification and translational control.

8.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(1): 19-24, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30773857

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture on activities of microglia in traumatic brain injury (TBI) rats. METHODS: Fifty-four male SD rats were randomly and equally divided into normal control, model and acupuncture groups according to the random number table (n=18 rats in each group). The TBI model was established by using a free fall brain injury striking device after exposing the local cranial bone (to induce the left parietal cerebral contusion). Acupoints "Baihui" (GV20), "Shuigou" (GV26), "Fengfu" (GV16), "Yamen" (GV15) and bilateral "Hegu" (LII4) were stimulated intensively by twirling the filiform needles with force at a range of >360° and a frequency of 160-180 cycles/min for 10 sec in every acupoint, once every 5 min during the 15 minutes' needle retaining. The treatment was given once every day for successive 14 days. The rats of the normal and model groups were grabbed and fixed with the same procedure. The behavioral changes were tested using modified neurological severity score (mNSS). The histopathological changes of the injured cerebral cortex tissues were observed by using hematoxylin-eosin (H.E.) staining, and the fluorescence intensity of Iba-1 (marker of microglia) positive products in the surrounding tissue of the cerebral focus was displayed by immunofluorescence staining, and the contents of neuron specific enolate (NSE) and neurite outgrowth inhibitor-A (Nogo-A) in serum (indicating a secondary nerve damage) were assayed by ELISA. RESULTS: The mNSS scores were significantly increased on day 1, 3, 7 and 14 in the model group in comparison with the normal group (P<0.01) and considerably decreased at the 4 time-points after acupuncture intervention relevant to the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). H.E. staining showed that modeling induced pathological changes such as the excursion of cell nucleus, cellular swel-ling, vacuole-like change, neuron death, karyopyknosis dissolution, and proliferation of fibrous tissue were relatively milder in the acupuncture group. The average fluorescence intensity values of Iba-1-positive products, serum NSE and Nogo-A contents on day 3, 7 and 14 were significantly higher in the model group than in the normal group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and notably down-regulated in the acupuncture group than in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01, except Nogo-A on day 3). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture intervention may accelerate neurological function recovery in TBI rats, which is closely related to its effects in inhibiting the activation of microglia and secondary nerve damage.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Animais , Masculino , Microglia , Proteínas Nogo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(7): e14458, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30762760

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a surgical procedure to replace the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint to relieve pain and disability. However, blood loss and fibrinolytic activity, accounting for a poor prognosis following TKA operation, were relieved by fibrinolytic inhibitor tranexamic acid (TXA). For a better application of TXA function, we explored the effect of intravenous injection (IV) of TXA combined with intra-articular injection (IA) of TXA in patients after TKA. METHODS: Patients admitted from Weifang People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016 who received TKA were injected with 20 mg/kg TXA by IV before TKA (n = 50), 3.0 g TXA by IA after TKA (n = 50), or combination of 20 mg/kg TXA by IV before TKA and 3.0 g TXA by IA after TKA (n = 50). Knee function was assessed using HSS, KSS, NASS, and ROM. In addition, the total blood loss (TBL), hidden blood loss (HBL), maximum hemoglobin (Hb) drop, fibrinolytic activity, as well as incidence of thromboembolism were measured. The patients were followed up for 6 months. The deadline for follow-up was June 2017 and the incidence of thromboembolism events within 6 months after operation was counted. RESULTS: HSS, KSS, NASS scores, and ROM were elevated after patients receiving TKA. Patients received IV plus IA TXA has decreased TBL, HBL, and maximum Hb drop than those received IV TXA-alone and IA TXA-alone, with reductions in FDP and D-dimer, indicating that IV plus IA TXA injection is superior to prevent blood loss and hyperfibrinolysis during TKA. Age, sex, type of femoral prosthesis, and the injection method of TXA were risk factors for HBL of patients after receiving TKA. CONCLUSIONS: The aforementioned results demonstrate that TKA is an effective surgery, and IV plus IA TXA injection functions more effectively in reducing blood loss and fibrinolytic activity in patients, which is a clinical factor of occult hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/prevenção & controle , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Ácido Tranexâmico/administração & dosagem , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Feminino , Fibrinólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(1): 17-22, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30662324

RESUMO

Introduction: Most chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients in China are primitively treated with a combination of lamivudine (LAM) and adefovir dipivoxil (ADV). Although antiviral resistance can be avoided with this combination therapy, using it can have harmful side effects related to ADV, specifically kidney and bone injury. This study was designed to compare viral suppression and kidney safety when switching LAM and ADV combination therapy de novo to entecavir (ETV) monotherapy in patients with CHB and compensated hepatic cirrhosis. Materials and methods: In total, 360 CHB and compensated liver cirrhosis patients who received treatment of LAM and ADV combination therapy for more than 1 year were included in this study. One hundred and eighty patients continued combination therapy to serve as a control group and the other 180 patients were switched to ETV monotherapy to serve as the experimental group. The total course of therapy was 3 years. Laboratory studies were done every 3 months to measure liver and kidney function. Studies included glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), HBV-DNA, urine ß2-microglobulin (ß2-M) and retinol binding protein (RBP). Results: In the experimental group, an HBV-DNA level below 20 IU/ml was found in 77.65%, 85.88%, and 94.77% in years 1, 2, and 3, respectively. In the control group, HBV-DNA levels were below 20 IU/ml in 69.66%, 75.42%, and 85.80% in years 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Low HBV-DNA levels in the experimental group were significantly less common than in the control group on the second and third year; P values were 0.009 and 0.006 for years 2 and 3, respectively. The cumulative genetic mutation rate was 3.49% in the experimental group and 8.88% in the control group (P=0.044). Decreases in eGFR more than 30% from baseline were found in 0%, 0.56%, and 1.74% of patients in the experimental group and 4.49%, 9.14% and 14.79% in patients in the control group in the first, second, and third year, respectively. Serum creatinine more than 50 µmol/L above baseline was found in 0%, 0% and 1.74% of patients in the experimental group and 1.12%, 4.00% and 5.32% of patients in the control group in years 1, 2, and 3, respectively. The urine ß2-M and RBP levels were abnormal more often in the experimental group than in the control group. Conclusion: Switching to ETV monotherapy can decrease HBV-DNA levels, reduce the genetic mutation rate, and prevent renal damage caused by LAM and ADV combination therapy in patients with CHB and compensated liver cirrhosis. Patients receiving LAM and ADV combination therapy de novo should be switched to ETV monotherapy immediately.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Vírus da Hepatite B/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Rim/fisiopatologia , Lamivudina/efeitos adversos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Organofosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Adenina/efeitos adversos , Adenina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , China , Creatinina/metabolismo , DNA Viral , Farmacorresistência Viral , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/efeitos dos fármacos , Guanina/uso terapêutico , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Humanos , Lamivudina/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/efeitos dos fármacos , Organofosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas de Ligação ao Retinol/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(40): e12630, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30290638

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the third most common diagnosis made by general practitioners in older patients. The purpose of the current study is to investigate effects rivaroxaban had on both hidden blood loss and blood transfusion rate (BTR) in patients with knee OA (KOA) after going through a total knee replacement (TKR).Between the time periods of December 2011 up until January 2015, a total of 235 patients underwent TKR and were selected to be assigned to either the rivaroxaban or nonanticoagulant groups. Coagulation function indexes before surgery and following administration of rivaroxaban, total blood loss, hidden blood loss, dominant blood loss, blood transfusion volume, hemoglobin reduction, degree of postoperative pain (visual analogue scale), the degree of knee swelling, and range of motion following surgery were all recorded. Hospital for special surgery (HSS) scores offered an objective evaluation for the knee joint functions before surgery at the intervals of 2 weeks and after surgery at intervals of 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, and 24 months.Patients in the rivaroxaban group had shown a higher hidden blood loss, as well as a higher BTR, compared to those involved in the nonanticoagulant group. BTR was found to have been 49.59% in the rivaroxaban group, and 35.09% for the nonanticoagulant group. Patients in the rivaroxaban group had lower degrees of knee swelling than those involved in the nonanticoagulant group. There was no deep vein thrombosis (DVT) detected in the rivaroxaban group, whereas 5 DVT cases were detected in the nonanticoagulant group. In the rivaroxaban group, the HSS scores of the knee joint functions were remarkably higher at the 2-week mark in succession to the surgery than those involved with the nonanticoagulant group.This overall data demonstrated that KOA patients after TKR had presented with a higher hidden blood loss, BRT, and lower swelling degrees of the knee joint after being treated by the rivaroxaban.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Edema/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Trombose Venosa/epidemiologia
12.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2018: 2101906, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29850453

RESUMO

Background: The key gene sets involved in the progression of acute liver failure (ALF), which has a high mortality rate, remain unclear. This study aims to gain a deeper understanding of the transcriptional response of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) following ALF. Methods: ALF was induced by D-galactosamine (D-gal) in a porcine model. PBMCs were separated at time zero (baseline group), 36 h (failure group), and 60 h (dying group) after D-gal injection. Transcriptional profiling was performed using RNA sequencing and analysed using DAVID bioinformatics resources. Results: Compared with the baseline group, 816 and 1,845 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the failure and dying groups, respectively. A total of five and two gene ontology (GO) term clusters were enriched in 107 GO terms in the failure group and 154 GO terms in the dying group. These GO clusters were primarily immune-related, including genes regulating the inflammasome complex and toll-like receptor signalling pathways. Specifically, GO terms related to cell death, including apoptosis, pyroptosis, and autophagy, and those related to fibrosis, coagulation dysfunction, and hepatic encephalopathy were enriched. Seven Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, hematopoietic cell lineage, lysosome, rheumatoid arthritis, malaria, and phagosome and pertussis pathways were mapped for DEGs in the failure group. All of these seven KEGG pathways were involved in the 19 KEGG pathways mapped in the dying group. Conclusion: We found that the dramatic PBMC transcriptome changes triggered by ALF progression was predominantly related to immune responses. The enriched GO terms related to cell death, fibrosis, and so on, as indicated by PBMC transcriptome analysis, seem to be useful in elucidating potential key gene sets in the progression of ALF. A better understanding of these gene sets might be of preventive or therapeutic interest.


Assuntos
Morte Celular/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Falência Hepática Aguda/genética , Falência Hepática Aguda/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transcriptoma , Animais , Progressão da Doença , Galactosamina , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Falência Hepática Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Suínos
13.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 7(1): 53, 2018 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29599488

RESUMO

Correction to: Emerging Microbes & Infections (2016) 5:e1; https://doi.org/10.1038/emi.2016.1 ; Article published online 6 January 2016.

14.
Acupunct Med ; 36(4): 247-253, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29550760

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of acupuncture on the TLR2/4-NF-κB signalling pathway in the cortex of Sprague-Dawley rats following traumatic brain injury (TBI), and investigate the possible mechanism underlying the effects of acupuncture on scar repair. METHODS: TBI was established using Feeney's free-falling epidural percussion model. In total, 108 rats were randomly divided into a normal group (n=18), untreated TBI model group (TBI group, n=36) and manual acupuncture-treated TBI group (TBI+MA, n=36). Each group of rats was subdivided into three time groups: 3-day (3d), 7-day (7d) and 14-day (14d). No treatment was given to rats in the normal and TBI groups. The TBI+MA group received manual acupuncture at GV20, GV26, GV16 through GV15, and bilateral LI4. mRNA expression of TLR2, TLR4, NF-κB and protein in the rat cortices was quantified using real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot analyses. RESULTS: The modified neurological severity score (mNSS) scores of the TBI+MA group were improved compared with baseline scores 12 hours after modelling, and improved at 7d and 14d compared with the TBI group (P<0.05), while the score of the TBI group did not improve until 14d compared to baseline. mRNA and protein expression of TLR2, TLR4 and NF-κB in the TBI group were higher than the normal group at 3d (P<0.05), reached a peak at 7d, then began to decrease at 14d. mRNA and protein expression of TLR2, TLR4 and NF-κB were higher in the TBI+MA group compared with the TBI group at 3d (P<0.05), were significantly down-regulated at 7d (P<0.01), and decreased to normal levels at 14d. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture has a bidirectional regulatory effect on the TLR2/4-NF-κB signalling pathway-related genes TLR2, TLR4 and NF-κB in the TBI rat cortex, promoting their expression in the early stage and inhibiting it in the later stage.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/genética , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , NF-kappa B/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética
15.
Chin J Integr Med ; 24(7): 537-544, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25908217

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture on the Notch signaling pathway in rats with traumatic brain injury and to explore the pathogenesis of acupuncture intervention on traumatic brain injury. METHODS: Feeney's freefall epidural impact method was used to establish a traumatic brain injury model in rats; the rats were randomly divided into a normal group, sham operation group, model group and acupuncture group. Acupuncture was performed in the Baihui (DU 20), Shuigou (DU 26), Fengfu (DU 16), Yamen (DU 15) and Hegu (LI 4) acupoints in the rat, and Yamen was punctured via Fengfu. Then, the rats in each group were randomly divided into three subgroups, namely the day 3 subgroup, day 7 subgroup and day 14 subgroup according to treatment duration. The modified neurological severity scores (mNss) method was used to perform neurobehavioral scoring for evaluating the degree of injury in the rats. The hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining method was used to observe the pathological change in the brain tissue of rats in each group. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) technology was used to detect changes in the Notch1, Hes1 and Hes5 gene expression levels in the cortex on the injured side. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression changes. RESULTS: One day after modeling, the mNss scores in the model group and in the acupuncture group were significantly higher than those in the normal and sham operation groups (P<0.01) ; there was no statistically significant difference between the normal group and the sham operation group. The scores decreased with increased treatment time, and the scores in the acupuncture group decreased more significantly than those in the model group (P<0.01). The pathological examination by the HE staining method demonstrated that the brain tissue of the rats in the acupuncture and model groups relatively significantly changed. The Notch1 gene expression level in the acupuncture group was significantly higher than the level in all of the other groups (P<0.01) ; the Hes1 and Hes5 gene expression levels were also higher in the acupuncture group. The expression changes of the Notch1 and Hes1 protein were consistent with that of mRNA. In each experimental group, the mNss score and the pathological results by the HE staining method were consistent with the mRNA results. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture could significantly promote high expression levels of Notch1, Hes1 and Hes5 in the brain tissue of traumatic brain injury rats. Therefore, acupuncture might be an important intervention for inducing endogenous stem cell proliferation and for promoting nerve repair.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Lesões Encefálicas/terapia , Receptores Notch/genética , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Lesões Encefálicas/genética , Lesões Encefálicas/patologia , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Masculino , Regeneração Nervosa/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/terapia , Transdução de Sinais/genética
16.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 42(5): 467-70, 2017 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29105480

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the rules of acupoints and meridians selection for dysmenorrhea based on data mining. METHODS: The literature on acupuncture treatment of dysmenorrhea was reviewed and a database of dysmenorrhea prescriptions regarding the main points of acupuncture was established with Excel 2003 software, using the relevance rule and cluster analysis methods in data mining technology to analyze the characteristics and laws in acupuncture prescription. RESULTS: One hundred and fourteen acupuncture prescriptions were included. The highest frequency of acupoint, meridian and location was San-yinjiao(SP 6), Spleen Meridian, lower limb knee and below knee, respectively. The results of relevance rule indicated that the highest confidence for acupoint combination was SP 6-Taichong(LR 3), the highest support for acupoint combination was SP 6-Guanyuan(CV 4), and the results of cluster analysis showed that there were three effective cluster groups. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of SP 6-LR 3-CV 4 can be applied in the clinic to cure dysmenorrhea, and Zusanli(ST 36), Ciliao(BL 32), Zhongji(CV 3) can be matched based on syndrome differentiation.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Meridianos , Mineração de Dados , Dismenorreia , Feminino , Humanos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29156601

RESUMO

Ultraviolet (UV)-absorbing chemicals (UV filters) are used in personal care products for the protection of human skin and hair from damage by UV radiation. Although these substances are released into the environment in the production and consumption processes, little is known about their ecotoxicology effects. The acute toxicity and potential ecological risk of UV filters benzophenone-3 (BP-3) and benzophenone-4 (BP-4) on Chlorella vulgaris, Daphnia magna, and Brachydanio rerio were analyzed in the present study. The EC50 values (96 h) of BP-3 and BP-4 on C. vulgaris were 2.98 and 201.00 mg/L, respectively. The 48 h-LC50 of BP-3 and BP-4 on D. magna were 1.09 and 47.47 mg/L, respectively. The 96 h-LC50 of BP-3 and BP-4 on B. rerio were 3.89 and 633.00 mg/L, respectively. The toxicity of a mixture of BP-3 and BP-4 on C. vulgaris, D. magna, and B. rerio all showed antagonistic effects. The induced predicted no-effect concentrations of BP-3 and BP-4 by the assessment factor method were 1.80 × 10-3 and 0.47 mg/L, respectively, by assessment factor (AF) method, which were both lower than the concentrations detected in the environment at present, verifying that BP-3 and BP-4 remain low-risk chemicals to the aquatic ecosystem.


Assuntos
Benzofenonas/análise , Protetores Solares/análise , Protetores Solares/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Animais , Chlorella vulgaris/efeitos dos fármacos , Daphnia/efeitos dos fármacos , Ecotoxicologia , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Raios Ultravioleta , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(32): e7584, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28796041

RESUMO

Evidence from observational studies shows that hypertension may be a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, the relationship between hypertension and knee OA risk remains controversial. This study aimed to quantitatively assess the relationship between hypertension and risk of knee OA.Three electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library) were searched up to July 25, 2016. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were extracted from the included observational studies. Publication bias, heterogeneity test, and subgroup analyses were performed.Eight studies including 2 cohort studies and 6 cross-sectional studies with 9762 participants were finally included in this meta-analysis. The results showed that hypertension was significantly associated with higher radiographic knee OA and symptomatic knee OA risks of 2.01 (95% CI, 1.28-3.15, I = 90.2%, P for heterogeneity <.001) and 1.49 (95% CI, 1.26-1.77, I = 0%, P for heterogeneity <.412), respectively. No publication bias was detected. The subgroup analysis showed that the study design did not influence the results (radiographic knee OA: OR = 1.42, 95% CI, 1.19-1.71 for cross-sectional studies and OR = 2.17, 95% CI, 1.30-3.63 for cohort studies; and symptomatic knee OA: OR = 1.85, 95% CI, 1.10-3.13) for cross-sectional studies and OR = 2.74, 95% CI, 1.81-4.16 for cohort studies).This meta-analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between hypertension and knee OA (both radiographic and symptomatic). However, further original studies are needed that use a better design.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
20.
Biosci Rep ; 37(3)2017 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28442600

RESUMO

The present study estimates the effect of rivaroxaban on preventing deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in aged diabetics with femoral neck fractures after hip replacement. Our study consisted of 236 aged diabetics with femoral neck fractures, which were divided into the rivaroxaban and control groups. Reaction time (R time), clot formation time (K time), α angle (α), maximum amplitude (MA), clot elasticity (G) and coagulation index (CI), prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) were measured. DVT was diagnosed by color duplex Doppler ultrasound (CDDU). The risk factors of DVT were analysed by logistic regression analysis. Compared with the control group, in the rivaroxaban group, R time and K time were extended and α, MA and G decreased 1 day before operation. One day after operation, the rivaroxaban group had less PT and APPT and lower incidence of DVT than the control group. In the two groups, preoperative and postoperative PT and APPT significantly differed. Body mass index (BMI) ≥25, abnormal coagulation indicators, use of cemented femoral hip prosthesis, high haemoglobin content and non-ankle pump exercise after operation were the risk factors for DVT. Rivaroxaban could prevent DVT in aged diabetics with femoral neck fractures after hip replacement.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Angiopatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Angiopatias Diabéticas/prevenção & controle , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Coagulação Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Tempo de Protrombina , Tempo de Reação/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Risco
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