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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17793, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689855

RESUMO

RATIONALE: According to the literature reports and clinical studies on alopecia areata (AA) from 2008 to 2018, most clinical treatments have been oral drugs and external ointments. At present, systemic immunosuppressive therapy has been widely used in AA, but there are various side effects such as elevated liver enzymes, gastrointestinal discomfort, poor drug compliance, and repeated illness. We present a case report describing a traditional medicine treatment for AA that uses an ethnic therapy of Zhuang medicine, a kind of Traditional Chinese Medicine, namely, medicated thread moxibustion. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 36-year-old man endured AA after going through a family misfortune. Half a year ago, his father passed away suddenly. Since then, he suffered continuous anguish, alcoholism and hair loss, especially in the past 2 months. A coin-shaped area of hair loss began to appear at the top of his head and gradually expanded to the surrounding region. DIAGNOSES: A diagnosis of AA was made in the dermatology department of a local hospital. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was treated with the medicated thread moxibustion method of Traditional Zhuang Medicine at the Kuihua (special points of Zhuang medicine), Zusanli (ST 36), Xuehai (SP 10), Baihui (DU 20), and Taichong (LR 3) points every other day for 4 weeks. OUTCOMES: The area of hair loss showed slight improvement after 1 week of treatment. Only just a sprinkling of wooly hairs, whose color and thickness were similar to those of fine facial hairs, began to emerge sporadically from the follicles; they could be seen only in a bright light. When the patient saw the obvious curative effect, we continued the treatment for 2 weeks with the patient's consent. Three weeks later, the patchy AA area was covered with small cotton-like hairs of different lengths and uneven colors. LESSONS: The medicated thread moxibustion method of Zhuang medicine can be an effective alternative treatment in patients with AA.


Assuntos
Alopecia em Áreas/terapia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Moxibustão/métodos , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1419, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31293550

RESUMO

Controlling aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxins (AFs) in grains and food during storage is a great challenge to humans worldwide. Alcaligenes faecalis N1-4 isolated from tea rhizosphere soil can produce abundant antifungal volatiles, and greatly inhibited the growth of A. flavus in un-contacted face-to-face dual culture testing. Gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry revealed that dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) and methyl isovalerate (MI) were two abundant compounds in the volatile profiles of N1-4. DMDS was found to have the highest relative abundance (69.90%, to the total peak area) in N1-4, which prevented the conidia germination and mycelial growth of A. flavus at 50 and 100 µL/L, respectively. The effective concentration for MI against A. flavus is 200 µL/L. Additionally, Real-time quantitative PCR analysis proved that the expression of 12 important genes in aflatoxin biosynthesis pathway was reduced by these volatiles, and eight genes were down regulated by 4.39 to 32.25-folds compared to control treatment with significant differences. And the A. flavus infection and AFs contamination in groundnut, maize, rice and soybean of high water activity were completely inhibited by volatiles from N1-4 in storage. Scanning electron microscope further proved that A. flavus conidia inoculated on peanuts surface were severely damaged by volatiles from N1-4. Furthermore, strain N1-4 showed broad and antifungal activity to other six important plant pathogens including Fusarium graminearum, F. equiseti, Alternaria alternata, Botrytis cinerea, Aspergillus niger, and Colletotrichum graminicola. Thus, A. faecalis N1-4 and volatile DMDS and MI may have potential to be used as biocontrol agents to control A. flavus and AFs during storage.

3.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111424

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the imbalance of anatomical and functional innervation factors of sympathetic nerves, nerve growth factor (NGF) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), in salt-sensitive hypertensive heart failure rats and to explore the effects of treatment with Guizhi Decoction () on sympathetic remodeling by inhibiting cholinergic transdifferentiation. METHODS: SS-13BN and Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats were divided into 3 groups: SS-13BN group (control group, n=9), DS group (model group, n=9) and GS group (Guizhi Decoction, n=9). After 10 weeks of a high-salt diet, the GS group rats were given Guizhi Decoction and other two groups were given saline at an equal volume as a vehicle. After 4 weeks' intragastric administration, rats were executed to detect the relevant indicators. Echocardiography and plasma n-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels were used to assess cardiac function. Noradrenaline (NA) levels in the plasma and myocardium were detected to evaluate the sympathetic function. NGF and LIF expression were detected in the myocardium by Western blot or quantitative real-time PCR. Double immunofluorescence or Western blot was used to detect tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) and growth associated protein 43 (GAP43) in order to reflect anatomical and functional changes of sympathetic nerves. RESULTS: DS group had anatomical and functional deterioration of sympathetic nerves in the decompensation period of heart failure compared with SS-13BN group. Compared with the DS group, Guizhi Decoction significantly decreased the expression of LIF mRNA/protein (P<0.01), increased the expression of NGF (P<0.05 or P<0.01), enhanced the levels of TH+/GAP43+ and TH+/CHAT+ positive nerve fibers (P<0.01), and improved the protein expression of TH and GAP43 in left ventricle, but had no effect on CHAT (P>0.05). Guizhi Decoction inhibited inflammatory infiltration and collagen deposition of myocardial injury, increased the content of myocardial NA (P<0.05), reduced the plasma NA level (P<0.01), improved cardiac function (P<0.01), and improved weight and blood pressure to some extent (P<0.05), compared with DS group. CONCLUSIONS: Guizhi Decoction could inhibit cholinergic transdifferentiation of sympathetic nerves, improve the anatomical and functional denervation of sympathetic nerves, and delay the progression of decompensated heart failure. The mechanism may be associated with the correction of the imbalance of NGF and LIF.

5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 8(2)2018 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29462991

RESUMO

The studies of bolaamphiphile-based nanoparticles as delivery vectors are still rudimentary and under development. In this study, several asymmetric bolaamphiphiles containing lysine and another moiety with special functions, such as pH-sensitive or cell-targeting property, were designed and synthesized. The potentials of these bolaamphiphile-based nanoparticles as versatile vectors for both nucleic acids and chemical drugs were studied. With the presence of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE), these amphiphiles could be prepared into bolasomes, which showed good DNA binding ability and could condense plasmid DNA into nanoparticles with appropriate size and surface potential. Lys-His, which has a pH-sensitive histidine on one head, exhibited higher transfection efficiency than the symmetric counterpart and comparable efficiency to commercially available transfection reagent. Mechanism studies confirmed that the bolaplexes formed from Lys-His might induce the highest cellular uptake and the best endosomal escape ability. On the other hand, these bolaamphiphiles also exhibited good drug loading ability. The self-assembly vesicles could efficiently encapsulate the hydrophobic anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) in aqueous solution with high drug loading content and encapsulation efficiency. Confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) experiment and cell viability assay exhibited a controlled release of the drug with the assistance of bolasomes. It was shown that such bolaamphiphiles have great potential as nano-vectors for both drug and gene or their co-delivery.

6.
PLoS One ; 12(5): e0177159, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28472133

RESUMO

Mechanical tension is widely applied on the suture to modulate the growth of craniofacial bones. Deeply understanding the features of bone formation in expanding sutures could help us to improve the outcomes of clinical treatment and avoid some side effects. Although there are reports that have uncovered some biological characteristics, the regular pattern of sutural bone formation in response to expansion forces is still unknown. Our study was to investigate the shape, arrangement and orientation of new bone formation in expanding sutures and explore related clinical implications. The premaxillary sutures of rat, which histologically resembles the sutures of human beings, became wider progressively under stretch force. Micro-CT detected new bones at day 3. Morphologically, these bones were forming in a finger-like pattern, projecting from the maxillae into the expanded sutures. There were about 4 finger-like bones appearing on the selected micro-CT sections at day 3 and this number increased to about 18 at day 7. The average length of these projections increased from 0.14 mm at day 3 to 0.81 mm at day 7. The volume of these bony protuberances increased to the highest level of 0.12 mm3 at day 7. HE staining demonstrated that these finger-like bones had thick bases connecting with the maxillae and thin fronts stretching into the expanded suture. Nasal sections had a higher frequency of finger-like bones occuring than the oral sections at day 3 and day 5. Masson-stained sections showed stretched fibers embedding into maxillary margins. Osteocalcin-positive osteoblasts changed their shapes from cuboidal to spindle and covered the surfaces of finger-like bones continuously. Alizarin red S and calcein deposited in the inner and outer layers of finger-like bones respectively, which showed that longer and larger bones formed on the nasal side of expanded sutures compared with the oral side. Interestingly, these finger-like bones were almost paralleling with the direction of stretch force. Inclined force led to inclined finger-like bones formation and deflection of bilateral maxillae. Additionally, heavily compressive force caused fracture of finger-like bones in the sutures. These data together proposed the special finger-like pattern of bone formation in sutures guided by stretch force, providing important implications for maxillary expansion.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Ósseo , Suturas Cranianas , Estresse Mecânico , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Microtomografia por Raio-X
7.
Biomater Sci ; 5(4): 718-729, 2017 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28197596

RESUMO

Cationic liposomes and polymers are both important candidates for use as non-viral gene vectors. However, both of them have special shortcomings and application limits. This work is devoted to the combination of advantages of liposomes and polymers. The ring-opening polymerization strategy was used for the preparation of amphiphilic polymers from cyclen-based cationic small lipids. The non-hydrophobic polymer and the corresponding lipids were also prepared for performing structure-activity relationship studies. Gel electrophoresis results reveal that both the lipopolymers and liposomes could effectively condense DNA into nanoparticles and protect DNA from degradation. Compared to polymers, the DNA binding ability of liposomes is more affected by hydrophobic tails. Under the same dosage, the synthetic polymers have stronger DNA binding ability than the liposomes. In vitro transfection experiments show that the polymers could give better transfection efficiency, which was much higher than those of the corresponding liposomes and non-hydrophobic polymer. The oleyl moiety is suitable for lipidic vectors, but things were different for polymers. Under optimized conditions, up to 14.2 times higher transfection efficiency than that for 25 kDa bPEI could be obtained. More importantly, the lipopolymers showed much better serum tolerance, which was further confirmed by protein adsorption, gel electrophoresis, flow cytometry, and CLSM assays. The results indicate that ring-opening polymerization is a promising strategy for the enhancement of the gene delivery efficiency and biocompatibility of cationic lipids.


Assuntos
DNA/administração & dosagem , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Plasmídeos/administração & dosagem , Polímeros/química , Tensoativos/química , Cátions/química , DNA/genética , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Lipídeos/química , Lipossomos/química , Plasmídeos/genética , Polimerização , Transfecção/métodos
8.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 33(6): 356-66, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26178702

RESUMO

The study was aimed to investigate the mechanism and administration timing of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis mice. Thirty-six mice were divided into six groups: control group (saline), model group (intratracheal administration of BLM), day 1, day 3 and day 6 BMSCs treatment groups and hormone group (hydrocortisone after BLM treatment). BMSCs treatment groups received BMSCs at day 1, 3 or 6 following BLM treatment, respectively. Haematoxylin and eosin and Masson staining were conducted to measure lung injury and fibrosis, respectively. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), γ-interferon (INF-γ) and transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß) were detected in both lung tissue and serum. Histologically, the model group had pronounced lung injury, increased inflammatory cells and collagenous fibres and up-regulated MMP9, TIMP-1, INF-γ and TGF-ß compared with control group. The histological appearance of lung inflammation and fibrosis and elevation of these parameters were inhibited in BMSCs treatment groups, among which, day 3 and day 6 treatment groups had less inflammatory cells and collagenous fibres than day 1 treatment group. BMSCs might suppress lung fibrosis and inflammation through down-regulating MMP9, TIMP-1, INF-γ and TGF-ß. Delayed BMSCs treatment might exhibit a better therapeutic effect. Highlights are as follows: 1. BMSCs repair lung injury induced by BLM. 2. BMSCs attenuate pulmonary fibrosis induced by BLM. 3. BMSCs transplantation down-regulates MMP9 and TIMP-1. 4. BMSCs transplantation down-regulates INF-γ and TGF-ß. 5. Delayed transplantation timing of BMSCs might exhibit a better effect against BLM.


Assuntos
Interferon gama/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar/metabolismo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Bleomicina , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fibrose Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente
9.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 23(17): 5756-63, 2015 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26204891

RESUMO

The gene transfection efficiency (TE) of cationic lipids is largely influenced by the lipid structure. Six novel 1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane (cyclen)-based cationic lipids L1-L6, which contain double oleyl as hydrophobic tails, were designed and synthesized. The difference between these lipids is their diverse backbone. Liposomes prepared by the lipids and DOPE showed good DNA affinity, and full DNA condensation could be achieved at N/P of 4 to form lipoplexes with proper size and zeta-potentials for gene transfection. Structure-activity relationship of these lipids as non-viral gene delivery vectors was investigated. It was found that minor backbone structural variations, including linking group and the structural symmetry would affect the TE. The diethylenetriamine derived lipid L4 containing amide linking bonds gave the best TE, which was several times higher than commercially available transfection reagent lipofectamine 2000. Besides, these lipids exhibited low cytotoxicity, suggesting their good biocompatibility. Results reveal that such type of cationic lipids might be promising non-viral gene vectors, and also afford us clues for the design of novel vectors with higher TE and biocompatibility.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes/estatística & dados numéricos , Compostos Heterocíclicos/metabolismo , Lipopeptídeos/genética , Humanos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Transfecção
10.
Med Oncol ; 32(7): 207, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26094077

RESUMO

Both tumor suppressor and tumor promoter roles, which are dependent on the tumor type, have been described for caveolin-1 (CAV-1). Because CAV-1 can modulate cell signaling, we tested the hypothesis that it regulates lung adenocarcinoma cell proliferation and metastasis via modulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activity. The lung adenocarcinoma cell line, GLC-82, was transfected with pcDNA3.1CAV-1 plasmid, before cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were analyzed. In the in vivo xenograft model, the relationship between the CAV-1 expression and EGFR phosphorylation and signaling was assessed by western blot analysis. The relationship between the CAV-1 as well as Ki67 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of 68 lung adenocarcinoma patients was also examined using immunohistochemistry. Overexpression of CAV-1 significantly increased GLC-82 proliferation (p < 0.001), migration (p < 0.001), and invasion (p = 0.002) as well as EGFR and ERK phosphorylation (p < 0.05). The GLC-82/CAV-1 cell tumors were also significantly larger than those of control cells (all p ≤ 0.05). In lung adenocarcinoma patients, CAV-1 expression was positively correlated with lymph node metastasis and cancer stage. Finally, CAV-1 expression was associated with the expression of Ki-67, a marker of cell proliferation. CAV-1 enhanced GLC-82 cell proliferation, migration, and invasion possibly through EGFR and ERK signaling. Furthermore, the relationship of CAV-1 with Ki67 expression, a marker of proliferative capacity, in lung adenocarcinoma samples is suggestive of its role in disease progression. Further studies are required to confirm the role of CAV-1 in the metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma as well as its potential prognostic and therapeutic value.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Caveolina 1/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptores ErbB/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Linfática/genética , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Fosforilação/genética , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais/genética
11.
J Cell Biochem ; 116(2): 268-76, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25187230

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the development and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, several studies have shown that miR-99a is downregulated in various cancers, which can affect tumor initiation and maintenance. Herein, we found that miR-99a was downregulated in NSCLC tissues and suppressed tumor metastasis of NSCLC cells. Down-regulation of miR-99a is significantly associated with last-stage and tumor metastasis in NSCLC patients. Further functional experiments found that overexpression of miR-99a inhibit cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of NSCLC cells in vitro and tumor metastasis of NSCLC in vivo. In addition, we also found that AKT1 is directly involved in miR-99a-mediated tumor suppression. Restored the expression of AKT1 partially abolished the suppressive effects miR-99a on proliferation and invasion of NSCLC cells. Collectively, our data suggest that miR-99a plays an important role in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of NSCLC and may serve as a therapeutic target to avoid dissemination of NSCLC cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Immunoblotting , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transplante Heterólogo
12.
Org Biomol Chem ; 13(2): 620-30, 2015 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25372457

RESUMO

A series of novel cationic lipids based on 1,4,7,10-tetrazacyclododecane (cyclen) with the imidazole group as the pH-sensitive moiety and various aliphatic long chains were designed and synthesized. Cationic liposomes were prepared by mixing the lipids and the helper lipid 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) in an appropriate molar ratio. The liposomes showed good stability and could condense plasmid DNA into nanosized particles (∼100 to ∼250 nm) with a positive zeta-potential (+10-25 mV). CCK-8-based cell viability assays showed a relatively lower cytotoxicity of the lipoplexes compared to commercially available lipofectamine 2000. Both enhanced green fluorescent protein and luciferase assays were carried out to investigate the in vitro transfection efficiency (TE) of the lipoplexes. Results showed that both the structures of the hydrophobic chain and the linking bond significantly affected the TE, and the linoleyl-containing lipoplex gave the best TE, which is comparable to lipofectamine 2000. The imidazole group was demonstrated to play an important role in the transfection, and the imidazole-absent analog gave dramatically lower TE. Furthermore, it was also found that Ca(2+) could largely enhance the TE of these lipids, and the optimized TE was about 5 times higher than lipofectamine 2000. Flow cytometry demonstrates that the enhancement of TE by Ca(2+) was caused by the improvement of cellular uptake. These results suggest that the cyclen-imidazole containing lipids might be promising non-viral gene delivery vectors.


Assuntos
Cátions , Vetores Genéticos , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Lipídeos/química , Lipossomos
13.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 26(2): 209-10, 214, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25051843

RESUMO

This paper analyzes the recently epidemic status of schistosomiasis, the change of natural and social factors, and field survey and evaluation data of schistosomiasis in Ya'an City after Lushan Earthquake on April 20, 2013, and proposes that it is necessary to strengthen the conventional schistosomiasis control measures, the control of exogenous infection sources, the control of Oncomelania hupensis snails and health education for ensuring no major epidemics after the disaster. This paper also recommends the direction and suggestions for future schistosomiasis control in Ya' an City.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Epidemias , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Desastres , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Esquistossomose/transmissão , Esquistossomose/veterinária , Caramujos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
14.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 7(1): 134-43, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24427333

RESUMO

Vinorelbine is a semi-synthetic vinca-alkaloid approved for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the lower objective response rate and higher adverse effects of vinorelbine hinder its wide use in treatment of advanced NSCLC. Therefore, it is of great interest to uncover the biomarkers for sensitivity of NSCLC cells to vinorelbine to allow the identification of patients most likely to benefit from vinorelbine-based chemotherapy and to improve the therapy. In present work, four NSCLC cell lines were divided into vinorelbine-sensitive (VS) group and vinorelbine-resistant (VR) group according to their sensitivities to vinorelbine. And then the gene expression profiles of these two groups was compared, the differentially expressed genes (expression difference higher than 100% and p<0.05, totally 496 genes) were applied to Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA). IPA results showed that NF-κB and PTEN signaling were predicted to be inactivated in VR cell lines, which was partially validated by quantitative PCR or western blotting experiments. The higher expression of RAF1 mRNA and the activation of AKT/ERK proteins in VR NSCLC cell lines may confer resistance to vinorelbine. Our work may provide potential pathway signature for vinorelbine sensitivity and some therapeutic targets for combined therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Western Blotting , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ativação Enzimática , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-raf/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-raf/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Transcriptoma , Vimblastina/análogos & derivados , Vimblastina/farmacologia , Vinorelbina
15.
Iran J Basic Med Sci ; 17(9): 710-5, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25691949

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study was aimed to investigate the influence of thoracic epidural blockade on hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty eight Wistar rats were randomly divided into 4 equal groups, named normoxia hypoxia hypoxia/ ropivacaine and hypoxia/saline. Animals were placed in a hypoxia chamber and instrumented with epidural catheters at the thoracic level. Rats were injected with saline or ropivacaine. Haemodynamic measurements included pulmonary artery pressure and right ventricular hypertrophy. Degree of pulmonary vascular remodeling was determined by Hematoxylin and Eosin (HE) staining. Serum cyclic GMP (cGMP) and TNF-α were measured using radioimmuno assay. Real-time PCR and western boltting were employed to examine the expression of cAMP responding-element binding protein (CREB). RESULTS: We found that the thoracic epidural blockade significantly decreased chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension and vascular remodeling in rats. Ropivacaine-treated rats exhibited significantly lower mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), ratio of right ventricular weight to left ventricular plus septal weight (RV/(LV+S)) and wall thickness of pulmonary artery compared with those of control rats. Hypoxia-induced increase in levels of serum cGMP and TNF-α was reversed by thoracic epidural blockade. Moreover, hypoxia increased expression of CREB at mRNA and protein levels which could be suppressed by thoracic epidural blockade. CONCLUSION: Thoracic epidural blockade reduced mPAP and serum level of TNF-α and increased cGMP. The treatment reversed upregulated expression of CREB at mRNA and protein production.

16.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 6(8): 1538-48, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23923072

RESUMO

The wide use of paclitaxel and docetaxel in NSCLC clinical treatment makes it necessary to find biomarkers for identifying patients who can benefit from paclitaxel or docetaxel. In present study, NCI-H460, a NSCLC cell line with different sensitivity to paclitaxel and docetaxel, was applied to DNA microarray expression profiling analysis at different time points of lower dose treatment with paclitaxel or docetaxel. And the complex signaling pathways regulating the drug response were identified, and several novel sensitivity-realted markers were biocomputated.The dynamic changes of responding genes showed that paclitaxel effect is acute but that of docetaxel is durable at least for 48 hours in NCI-H460 cells. Functional annotation of the genes with altered expression showed that genes/pathways responding to these two drugs were dramatically different. Gene expression changes induced by paclitaxel treatment were mainly enriched in actin cytoskeleton (ACTC1, MYL2 and MYH2), tyrosine-protein kinases (ERRB4, KIT and TIE1) and focal adhesion pathway (MYL2, IGF1 and FLT1), while the expression alterations responding to docetaxel were highly co-related to cell surface receptor linked signal transduction (SHH, DRD5 and ADM2), cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction (IL1A and IL6) and cell cycle regulation (CCNB1, CCNE2 and PCNA). Moreover, we also confirmed some different expression patterns with real time PCR. Our study will provide the potential biomarkers for paclitaxel and docetaxel-selection therapy in clinical application.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Taxoides/farmacologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Docetaxel , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética
17.
Chem Biol Drug Des ; 82(4): 376-83, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23659653

RESUMO

A series of 1, 4, 7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane (cyclen)-based cationic lipids, namely 5a-c bearing a biotin moiety and a variety of end groups (cholesterol, diosgenin, and α-tocopherol) via biodegradable carbamate bond linkage were prepared and applied as non-viral gene delivery vectors. The liposomes formed from 5 and dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine could bind and condense plasmid DNA into nanoparticles with appropriate size and zeta potentials. All biotinylated cyclen cationic lipids showed higher cell viability than commercially available lipofectamine 2000 even at high N/P ratios, while their transfection efficiency was relatively lower. Further, results indicate that among the three lipids, α-tocopherol-containing compound 5c has higher DNA-binding ability, lower cytotoxicity, and higher transfection efficiency. Transfection in two different cell lines revealed that these lipoplexes have higher gene delivery efficiency toward tumor cells.


Assuntos
Biotina/química , Vetores Genéticos , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Lipídeos/química , Cátions , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Plasmídeos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
18.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 21(11): 3105-13, 2013 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23601818

RESUMO

A series of novel 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecanes (cyclen)-based cationic lipids bearing histidine imidazole group 10a-10e were synthesized. These amphiphilic molecules have different hydrophobic tails (long chain, cholesterol or α-tocopherol) and various type of linking groups (ether, carbamate or ester). These molecules were used as non-viral gene delivery vectors, and their structure-activity relationships were investigated. As expected, the imidazole group could largely improve the buffering capabilities comparing to cyclen. The liposomes formed from 10 and dioleoylphosphatidyl ethanolamine (DOPE) could bind and condense plasmid DNA into nanoparticles with proper size and zeta-potentials. Comparing with Lipofectamine 2000, the formed lipoplexes gave lower transfected cells proportion, but higher fluorescence intensity, indicating their good intracellular delivering ability. Furthermore, results indicate that transfection efficiency of the cationic lipids is influenced by not only the hydrophobic tails but also the linking group. The cyclen-based cationic lipid with α-tocopherol hydrophobic tail and an ester linkage could give the highest transfection efficiency in the presence of serum.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Imidazóis/química , Lipídeos/síntese química , Tensoativos/síntese química , Cátions , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Genes Reporter , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde , Humanos , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Nanopartículas/química , Plasmídeos/química , Plasmídeos/genética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tensoativos/farmacologia , alfa-Tocoferol/química
19.
J Environ Manage ; 92(3): 522-30, 2011 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20943308

RESUMO

This paper proposed an inexact reverse logistics model for municipal solid waste management systems (IRWM). Waste managers, suppliers, industries and distributors were involved in strategic planning and operational execution through reverse logistics management. All the parameters were assumed to be intervals to quantify the uncertainties in the optimization process and solutions in IRWM. To solve this model, a piecewise interval programming was developed to deal with Min-Min functions in both objectives and constraints. The application of the model was illustrated through a classical municipal solid waste management case. With different cost parameters for landfill and the WTE, two scenarios were analyzed. The IRWM could reflect the dynamic and uncertain characteristics of MSW management systems, and could facilitate the generation of desired management plans. The model could be further advanced through incorporating methods of stochastic or fuzzy parameters into its framework. Design of multi-waste, multi-echelon, multi-uncertainty reverse logistics model for waste management network would also be preferred.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Lógica Fuzzy , Processos Estocásticos , Incerteza
20.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 31(2): 129-33, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18683786

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between the expressions of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in lung tissues of patients with COPD. METHODS: Lung tissues from patients with COPD (COPD group, n = 19) and those without COPD (smokers and nonsmokers with normal lung function, n = 11 and 9, respectively) were obtained from surgical excisions of lung cancer patients. The mRNA expression of ICAM-1, TIMP-1 and MMP-9 was detected using semi-quantitative RT-PCR. The protein expression of ICAM-1, TIMP-1 and MMP-9 was detected by using immunohistochemistry method. RESULTS: There were significant differences in FEV1% and FEV1/FVC% among smokers without COPD, nonsmokers without COPD and COPD patients. MMP-9 was highly expressed in alveolar epithelial cells, bronchial epithelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells, alveolar macrophages, and interstitial cells in the COPD group, compared with smokers without COPD group and nonsmokers without COPD group (54.0 +/- 15.0), (1.2 +/- 0.7) and (1.4 +/- 0.8). Low level expression of TIMP-1 was detected in alveolar macrophages, alveolar epithelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells in the COPD group, but no expression in smokers and nonsmokers without COPD. High level expression of ICAM-1 was detected in alveolar epithelial cells, and the expression was higher in the COPD group (52.1 +/- 13.4), (2.1 +/- 1.1) and (4.5 +/- 2.4). The mRNA level of MMP-9 showed significant difference among patients with COPD, smokers without COPD and nonsmokers without COPD (0.71 +/- 0.16), (0.20 +/- 0.08) and (0.17 +/- 0.05). The mRNA level of TIMP-1 was also significantly different among patients with COPD, smokers without COPD and nonsmokers without COPD (0.47 +/- 0.10), (0.26 +/- 0.08) and (0.20 +/- 0.06). ICAM expression was also significantly higher in patients with COPD as compared with smokers without COPD and nonsmokers without COPD (0.62 +/- 0.15), (0.44 +/- 0.12) and (0.37 +/- 0.11). Both the mRNA and the protein levels of MMP-9 were inversely correlated with FEV1 % and FEV1/FVC% (r= -0.759, -0.756, -0.772, -0.725, respectively, P <0.01). TIMP-1 mRNA level was inversely correlated with FEV1% and FEV1/FVC% (r = -0.675, -0.623, respectively P <0.01). Negative correlations were also noted between ICAM-1 expressions (both mRNA and protein) and FEV1% or FEV1/FVC% (r = -0.580, -0.531, -0.739, -0.756, respectively P <0.01). Interestingly, the mRNA expression of TIMP-1, MMP-9 and ICAM-1 was positively correlated (r = 0.576, 0.524, P < 0.01), while the protein levels of MMP-9 and ICAM-1 were positively correlated (r = 0.964, P <0.01). CONCLUSION: There was a significant correlation between over-expression of ICAM-1 and TIMP-land MMP-9 in lung tissues from COPD patients. Over-expressions of ICAM-1 in the lung may result in accumulation of inflammatory cells releasing certain inflammatory factors that could destroy the normal lung structure. In addition, highly expressed TIMP-1 and MMP-9 in lung tissues may also contribute to the destruction and reconstitution of the bronchial or/and alveolar wall, which is likely to play a major role in airway obstruction.


Assuntos
Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Fumar
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