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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205739

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Apolipoprotein B mRNA editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like 3B (APOBEC3B) is a recently discovered protein that is considered important in causing mutations in tumor cell genome bases. Whether APOBEC3B is expressed in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) still remains unknown. Studies have shown that programmed-cell-death receptor-1 ligand (PD-L1) is highly expressed in NPC, but its clinical significance has not been fully elucidated. We aimed to evaluate APOBEC3B and PD-L1 protein expression in NPC and also investigate their prognostic significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and three patients with NPC were retrospectively collected in this study, and were followed-up for 5 years. The expression of APOBEC3B and PD-L1/PD-1 in NPC was detected by immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: High expression of APOBEC3B was observed in 42.7% of NPC patients. The high expression rate of APOBEC3B was 31.5% in patients without recurrence or metastasis within 5 years, and 55.1% in those patients with recurrence or metastasis, and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.016). There was no significant difference in APOBEC3B expression among patients with different sex, age group, and clinical stage (P>0.05). The positive expression rate of PD-L1 was 55.3% in all patients with NPC. There was no significant difference in PD-L1 expression among patients with different sex, age group, clinical stage, and tumor recurrence or metastasis condition (P> 0.05). There was no significant correlation between the expression of APOBEC3B and PD-L1 in NPC patients. The positive expression rate of PD-1 was 1.9% (2/103) in patients with NPC. CONCLUSIONS: APOBEC3B showed association with aggressive behavior and poor outcome in NPC, and is also considered as a potential marker for predicting NPC recurrence or metastasis. PD-L1 is not associated with the aggressive behavior and poor outcome in NPC.

2.
Acta Histochem ; : 151514, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019701

RESUMO

To explore the potential effects of andrographolide on chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH)-induced neuronal damage as well as the underlying mechanisms. Rat CCH model was established by 2-vessel occlusion (2VO). The CCH rats received andrographolide treatment for 4 weeks. The neuron loss was detected by using neuronal nuclei (NeuN) immunofluorescent staining. The expression levels of phospho-phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (p-PTEN), protein kinase B (AKT), p-AKT, and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 (Caspase-3) proteins were accessed by Western blotting. Moreover, the neuronal apoptosis of hippocampus tissues was detected via terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase- mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining. CCH reduced the number of NeuN-positive cells, while the number was significant increased after andrographolide treatment. CCH increased the proteins expression level of p-PTEN, Caspase-3, and decreased the p-AKT, which were reversed by andrographolide treatment. Furthermore, andrographolide treatment also down-regulated CCH-induced TUNEL-apoptosis rate. Our results suggest that the PTEN/AKT pathway may be modulated by andrographolide and the damaging effects of CCH on hippocampus may be ameliorated by andrographolide treatment. Andrographolide may act as a potential therapeutic approach for chronic ischemic insults.

3.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051552

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has evolved over several thousands of years, which has been shown to be efficacious in the treatment of ischemic heart disease. Three classical TCM prescriptions, namely Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction, Zhishi Xiebai Guizhi Decoction, and Gualou Xiebai Banxia Decoction, have been extensively used in the treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD). Based on molecular network modeling, we performed a comparative pharmacogenomic analysis to systematically determine the drug-targeting spectrum of the three prescriptions at molecular level. Wide-area target molecules of CHD were covered, which was a common feature of the three decoctions, demonstrating their therapeutic functions. Meanwhile, collective signaling involved metabolic/pro-metabolic pathways, driving and transferring pathways, neuropsychiatric pathways, and exocrine or endocrine pathways. These organized pharmacological disturbance was mainly focused on almost all stages of CHD intervention, such as anti-atherosclerosis, lipid metabolism, inflammation, vascular wall function, foam cells formation, platelets aggregation, thrombosis, arrhythmia, and ischemia-reperfusion injury. In addition, heterogeneity analysis of the global pharmacological molecular spectrum revealed that signaling crosstalk, cascade convergence, and key targets were tendentious among the three decoctions. After all, it is unadvisable to rank the findings on targeting advantages of the three decoctions. Comparative pharmacological evidence may provide an appropriate decoction scheme for individualized intervention of CHD.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18456, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we aim to assess the psychological effects of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on internet addiction (IA) in adolescents. METHODS: This study will search the following databases of Cochrane Library, PUBMED, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. All these electronic databases will be searched from inception to the September 30, 2019 without any language limitation. Two authors will conduct study selection, data extraction, and study quality assessment, respectively. Any disagreements between 2 authors will be solved by a third author through discussion. Statistical analysis will be performed using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: This study will investigate the psychological effects of CBT on IA in adolescents by measuring psychopathological symptoms, depression, anxiety, time spent on the internet (hours/day), and health-related quality of life. CONCLUSION: This study summarizes current evidence of CBT on IA in adolescents and may provide guidance for both intervention and future researches.PROSPERO registration number: PROSPERO CRD42019153290.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Internet , Adolescente , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
5.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(5): 4902-4912, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709538

RESUMO

Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is one of the most common malignant tumors with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Due to the poor clinical outcomes, it is indispensable to investigate novel biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of COAD. The aim of this study is to explore key genes as potential biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of COAD for clinical utility. Gene expression profiles (GSE44076 and GSE44861) and gene methylation profile (GSE29490) were analyzed to identify the aberrantly methylated-differentially expressed genes by R language and Perl software. Function enrichments were performed by Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway. Moreover, hub genes were identified through protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Besides, key genes were found by the module analysis and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) survival analysis. Finally, TCGA data and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to validate the key genes involved in COAD. Our study found two hypomethylation-high-expression genes (CXCL3 and CXCL8) in COAD tissues compared with the adjacent normal tissues. These results were also confirmed by RT-qPCR with 25 pairs of COAD and adjacent normal tissues. Meanwhile, low expression of the two genes was associated with poor survival in patients with COAD. CXCL3 and CXCL8 may serve as key genes in the diagnosis and prognosis for COAD.

6.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(5): 4594-4604, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637708

RESUMO

Gliomas are a group of brain cancers with high mortality and morbidity. Understanding the molecular mechanisms is important for the prevention or treatment of gliomas. The present study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of long noncoding RNA TRPM2-AS in gliomas proliferation, migration, and invasion. We first compared the levels of TRPM2-AS in 111 patients with glioma to that of the normal control group by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The results indicated a significant increase of TRPM2-AS in patients with glioma (2.43 folds of control, p = .0135). MTT methods, wound healing assays, transwell analysis, and clone formation analysis indicated the overexpression of TRPM2-AS promoted the proliferation, migration, and invasion of U251 and U87 cells, while downregulation of TRPM2-AS inhibited the cell proliferation, migration, and invasion significantly (p < .05). To further uncover the mechanisms, bioinformatics analysis was conducted on the expression profiles, GSE40687 and GSE4290, from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. One hundred fifty-six genes were differentially expressed in both datasets (FC > 2.0; p = .05). Among these differentially expressed genes, the level of RGS4 messenger RNA was drastically regulated by TRPM2-AS. Further western-blot analysis indicated the increase of RGS4 protein expression and decrease of p-JNK/JNK and p-c-Jun/c-Jun ratio after TRPM2-AS overexpression. On the other hand, inhibition of TRPM2-AS by small interfering RNA suppressed the expression of RGS4 and promoted the ratios of p-JNK/JNK and p-c-Jun/c-Jun. The present work indicated the mechanisms of the participation of TRPM2-AS in the progression of gliomas might, at least partly, be related to JNK, c-Jun, and RGS4. Our work provided new insights into the underlying mechanisms of glioma cellular functions.

7.
Curr Microbiol ; 77(1): 71-78, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720755

RESUMO

Surfactin is a promising microbial lipopeptide with wide applications in food, environmental, agricultural, and pharmaceutical fields. However, its high cost caused by low productivity largely limits the commercial application. In this study, genome shuffling was employed to improve surfactin production in Bacillus velezensis strain LM3403 via recursive protoplast fusion. RT-qPCR analysis was employed to evaluate the transcriptional variance of surfactin synthase genes and surfactin efflux gene to insight into the variance underlying the recombinant strain. After three rounds of genome shuffling, a high-yield and genetic stable recombinant F34 was obtained, exhibiting dramatic improvement in surfactin production (from 229.60 ± 7.10 mg/L to 908.15 ± 5.65 mg/L) with high proportion of long carbon chain homologues. Scale-up fermentation confirmed that F34 had good growth performance and reached the yield of 917.05 ± 10.25 mg/L in a 30 L fermenter, which was 3.99-fold that of the initial strain. RT-qPCR analysis showed that the transcriptional levels of surfactin synthase genes srfAA and sfp, and surfactin efflux gene swrC in F34 were 8.12-fold, 9.27-fold, and 8.45-fold higher than those of LM3403, respectively. The upregulation of genes were consistent with the high surfactin yield in F34, indicating the increased capability of surfactin biosynthesis and transmember efflux in F34. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to employ genome shuffling to breeding a B. velezensis strain to improve surfactin yield. The research helps us to understand the mechanisms underlying surfactin overproduction and provide references for further rational strain improvement.

8.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(3): 2103-2117, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31769066

RESUMO

Shikonin is an anti-inflammatory agent extracted from natural herbs. The aim of this study is to explain the treatment effects and mechanism of Shikonin in acute lung injury induced by sepsis. In this study, first, we evaluate different Shikonin concentrations for the anti-inflammation of acute lung injury induced by sepsis in an in vivo study. On the basis of the results, we confirm that 50.0 mg/kg was the best therapeutic Shikonin concentration. As a second step, we discuss the mechanism of Shikonin by a vitro cell experiment. Finaly, we validate that Shikonin has effective treatment effects on acute lung injury via regulation of microRNA-140-5p/toll-like receptor 4 (miRNA-140-5p/TLR4) in the in vivo study. The results of vitro and vivo study showed that Shikonin could improve acute lung injury induced by sepsis. The mechanism might be correlation miRNA-140-5p expression increasing, and regulated targeted gene TLR4, with TLR4 expression depressing, the downstream myeloid differentiation protein 88 and nuclear factor κB proteins expression were suppressed. In conclusion, Shikonin improved sepsis induced lung injury by regulation miRNA-140-5p/TLR4.

9.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(1): e1067, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have disclosed up-regulation of MIR-378 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and might consequently affect the outcome of the patients. Correspondingly, hypomethylation of MIR-378 was also identified in AML, particularly for FAB-M2 subtype with t(8;21) chromosomal translocation. Nevertheless, the methylation status of MIR-378 has not been illustrated in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Herein we designed to understand the methylation pattern of MIR-378 involved in MDS and clinical interrelation thereof. METHODS: Real-time quantitative methylation-specific PCR (RQ-MSP) was performed to evaluate the methylation degree of MIR-378 5'-flanking region on bone marrow mononuclear cells collected from 95 de novo MDS patients. Five gene mutations (IDH1, IDH2, DNMT3A, U2AF1, and SF3B1) were detected by high-resolution melting analysis to further evaluate the clinical relevance of hypomethylation of MIR-378. RESULTS: Unmethylated level of MIR-378 5'-flanking region was significantly higher in MDS patients than that in controls (p = .034). Hypomethylated MIR-378 was identified in 20 of 95 (21%) cases with MDS. Male patients appeared to be more frequent to harbor MIR-378 hypomethylation compared to female patients (15/55, 27.3% vs. 4/40, 10.0%, p = .04). There was no significant difference in age, white blood cell counts, platelet counts, hemoglobin concentration, and karyotypes between the patients with and without MIR-378-hypomethylation. Distinct distribution of five gene mutations was not observed in the two groups as well. However, MIR-378-hypomethylated patients had significantly shorter overall survival than those without MIR-378 hypomethylation (p = .036). Moreover, among patients <60 years, hypomethylation of MIR-378 was confirmed to be an independent adverse prognostic factor by both Kaplan-Meier and Multivariate Cox analyses. CONCLUSION: Hypomethylation of MIR-378 5'-flanking region is an adverse prognosticator in MDS, particularly in patients <60 years.

10.
Stat Methods Med Res ; 29(2): 522-540, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957713

RESUMO

Traditionally, statistical methods for futility analysis are developed based on a single study. To establish a drug's effectiveness, usually at least two adequate and well-controlled studies need to demonstrate convincing evidence on its own. Therefore, in a standard clinical development program in chronic diseases, two independent studies are generally conducted for drug registration. This paper proposes a statistical method to combine interim data from two independent and similar studies for interim futility analysis and shows that the conditional power approach based on combined interim data has better operating characteristics compared to the approach based on single-trial interim data, even with small to moderate heterogeneity on the treatment effects between the two studies.

11.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(3): 405-412, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30406671

RESUMO

Neogenkwanine I (1), a new daphnane-type diterpene with 4,7-ether group, along with four known ones (2-5), were isolated from Daphne genkwa. The structure including absolute configurations of 1 was established on the basis of NMR, 13C-NMR and ECD calculations and CD exciton chirality analysis. 13C-NMR and ECD calculations of daphnane-type diterpenes were reported here for the first time. All of the diterpenes were screened for their cytotoxic activities against MCF-7 and Hep3B cell lines. The cytotoxicity structure- activity relationship of compounds was illustrated with the absence of ortho-ester group of daphnane-type diterpenes.

12.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 57: 68-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Major and trace elements play an important role in human body, and it has been reported that ionomic distribution differ greatly in tumor patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy on the ionomic profile in human plasma as a potential biomarker for the therapeutic effects of cervical cancer. METHOD: Thirty-seven patients with cervical cancer receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy were included in this study, pretherapy and post-treatment blood samples were collected and concentrations of 24 ions were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). RESULTS: The results showed that after cisplatin chemotherapy and radiotherapy, patients' plasma Pt level significantly increased, Na, Mg, P, K, Ca, Se, Cu, Zn, Se, Sr, Ba levels significantly decreased (P < 0.01), and Al, Cu ions were significantly correlated with the treatment effect (P < 0.05). In addition, the pattern of elemental correlations changed dramatically after the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. CONCLUSION: The results indicated that the plasma ionomic profile may serve as a quick and convenient tool to reflect the therapeutic effect of cisplatin-based chemoradiotherapy in cervical cancer patients, and supplement of certain essential elements may be of great importance for the maintenance of ion homeostasis in human body and for the reduction of adverse effect of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

13.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 49(6): 785-793, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882430

RESUMO

Diabetes-induced hyperglycemia has a direct damaging effect on ovarian function. Despite its deadly impact on ovaries, the mechanism of this condition has not been fully elucidated. Glucose transporters are involved in glucose uptake and utilization. Many transporters have been detected in the ovaries, but their roles in diabetes-induced ovarian impairment are still unclear. In this study, the goal is to analyze glucose transporter expression in the ovarian follicles of type 1 diabetes mellitus patients and determine their roles within ovarian function impairment. The ovarian function of a mouse model of type 1 diabetes mellitus was evaluated by observing its estrus cycle, follicular development, and ovulation. Subtypes of the glucose transporter (GLUT2, GLUT3, GLUT4, SGLT1, and SGLT2), adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and phosphorylated AMPK (Thr172) were found to be simultaneously present in follicle cells. Compared with nondiabetic control mice, the diabetic mice showed a dysregulated estrus cycle and a significantly higher number of abnormal ova. Furthermore, the expression of multiple glucose transporters was lower than that of phosphorylated AMPK. Phosphorylated AMPK possessed more follicular granulosa cells and oocytes of diabetic mice than in those of the control mice. These results suggest that diabetes-induced hyperglycemia reduces the capability of ovarian follicle cells by downregulating glucose transporter expression, causing decreased glucose uptake and energy deprivation. This impact can potentially impair egg maturation and ovulation.

14.
Opt Express ; 27(20): 28364-28382, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684589

RESUMO

With single-point diamond turning (SPDT), a series of samples are processed under different cutting parameters. The brittle-ductile transition depth of ZnSe crystal is obtained, and the damages of the samples are measured from surface and subsurface damage depths as well as damage density. The effects of cutting parameters on the damages are investigated quantitatively. The results show the cutting depth has a minor while the feed has a major effects on the damages. Also, the interaction effect between feed and cutting depth is very small for surface damage depth or damage density, while it is large for subsurface damage depth. Based on the indentation mechanics and the kinetic characteristics of SPDT, a model is proposed to evaluate the surface and subsurface damage depths of ZnSe crystal by cutting parameters. The model has an average relative error less than 15.0%, which could be further used to obtain the depth and the removal characteristics of cracks in shoulder region.

15.
Front Oncol ; 9: 960, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31612109

RESUMO

The clinical significance of peripheral blood parameters has been considered to be a potential prognostic indicator for malignancies. In this study, 224 colorectal cancer (CRC; ncolon = 103; nrectal = 121) patients who underwent resection were enrolled, and the pre- and post-operative clinical laboratory data within 1 week, before and after surgery, were collected. The prognostic value of the counts of white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil, lymphocyte and platelet, the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) were analyzed. Data revealed that pre-operative lymphocyte count (pre-LC) was much higher than that of post-LC (p < 0.001), and only rectal cancer patients with pre-LChigh (>median: 1.61 × 109/L) had a significantly better overall survival (OS) and 5-year survival rate (SR) than those with pre-LClow (OS: 62.3 vs. 49.5 months; SR: 74.0 vs. 43.0%; p = 0.006). Cox's proportional hazard models revealed that pre-LChigh was an independent, favorable prognostic factor for rectal cancer patients (hazard ratio = 0.348; p = 0.003). Moreover, when the disease stages were stratified, the pre-LChigh was significantly associated with better prognosis of rectal cancer patients with stage I + II rectal cancer (n = 65; OS: 67.5 vs. 54.3 months; p = 0.011). Taken together, our study revealed that pre-operative lymphocyte count is an independent prognostic factor for patients with stage I and II rectal cancer.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567087

RESUMO

Saliency detection is an important and challenging research topic due to the variety and complex of the background and saliency regions. In this paper, we present a novel unsupervised saliency detection approach by exploiting a learning-based ranking framework. First, the local linear regression model is adopted to simulate the local manifold structure of every image element, which is approximately linear. Using the background queries from the boundary prior, we construct a unified objective function to globally minimize all the errors of the local models for the whole image element points. The Laplacian matrix is learned via optimizing the unified objective function. Low-level image features as well as high-level semantic information extracted from deep neural networks are used for the Laplacian matrix learning. Based on the learnt Laplacian matrix, the saliency of the image element is measured as the relevance ranking to the background queries. The foreground queries are obtained from the background-based saliency and the relevance ranking to the foreground queries is calculated in the same way as the background-based saliency. Second, we calculate an enhanced similarity matrix by fusing two different-level deep feature metrics through cross diffusion. A propagation algorithm uses this enhanced similarity matrix to better exploit the intrinsic relevance of similar regions and improve the saliency ranking results effectively. Results on four benchmark datasets with pixel-wise accurate labelling demonstrate that the proposed unsupervised method shows better performance compared with the newest state-of-the-art methods and is competitive with deep learning-based methods.

17.
Planta Med ; 85(16): 1275-1286, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627219

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers diagnosed among women worldwide. Estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) is a transcriptional factor that plays an important role in the development and progression of breast cancer. Yuanhuatine, a natural daphnane-type diterpenoid extracted from Daphne genkwa, was reported to exhibit significant cytotoxicity against breast cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxicity of yuanhuatine on two breast cancer cell lines that are ERα-positive and -negative. The results show that yuanhuatine inhibits the growth of ERα-positive cells (MCF-7) with much stronger inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.62 µM) compared with positive control tamoxifen (IC50 = 14.43 µM). However, no obvious cytotoxicity was observed in ERα-negative cells (MDA-MB-231). Subsequent experiment also indicated that yuanhuatine markedly induced mitochondrial dysfunction, leading to apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. Molecular docking studies suggest the potential interactions between yuanhuatine and ERα. Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis indicated that yuanhuatine down-regulated the expression of ERα in MCF-7 cells. MPP, a specific ERα inhibitor, significantly enhanced yuanhuatine-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. On the contrary, the treatment with yuanhuatine causes no apoptosis in MM231 cells. Altogether, in vitro and in silico results suggested that ERα down-regulation was involved in yuanhuatine-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis in ERα-positive breast cancer cells. Thus, yuanhuatine could be a potential candidate for treating ERα-positive breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Daphne/química , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Tamoxifeno/química
18.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(4): 403-407, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the accuracy of 3D printing implant-guided anterior tooth implantation under flap or flapless surgery. METHODS: Twenty-one cases (32 teeth) with missing teeth were divided into two groups: tooth implantation on the maxillary models under flap surgery (FP group) and tooth implantation on the maxillary models under flapless surgery (FPS group). A dental implant guide was designed and used in the two groups. The actual position of the dental implants in the two groups was compared with the preplanned deviation values of implant top, bottom, vertical distance, and angle deviation. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The deviation values of implant top, bottom, vertical distance, and angle were significantly lower in the FP group than in the FPS group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: High accuracy of tooth implantation can be realized by using the 3D printing implant guide. The different surgical methods influence the precision of tooth implantation. Clinicians can choose the surgery reasonably depending on the actual situation.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Dente , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Implantação Dentária Endo-Óssea , Impressão Tridimensional
19.
Environ Pollut ; 255(Pt 2): 113226, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31546075

RESUMO

In this paper, Fe3O4@MIL-68 (Al), a magnetic aluminum-based metal organic framework, was synthesized by a simple method and used as a novel and effective adsorbent for the removal of minocycline (MC) from aqueous solutions. The material was thoroughly characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and N2 adsorption isotherms. The characterization results showed that the original structure of MIL-68(Al) was unchanged by the addition of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, and that the obtained material had a strong magnetic response which also promoted its adsorption. Batch adsorption experiments were conducted by the varying the adsorption time, temperature, initial MC concentration and pH. The maximum adsorption amount of MC onto Fe3O4@MIL-68 (Al) was 248.05 mg g-1 (t = 160 min, pH = 6, Co = 60 mg L-1), and the adsorption kinetics followed a pseudo-second-order model, and the adsorption isotherms conformed to the Freundlich equation. The adsorption mechanism of the magnetic metal organic framework materials were determined to involve complex interactions, including Al-N and Fe-N covalent bonds, hydrogen bonding, electrostatic adsorption, and π-π stacking. Combined the results indicate that Fe3O4@MIL-68 (Al) is an outstanding adsorbent for the removal of MC from water.


Assuntos
Minociclina/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Alumínio/química , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cinética , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Magnetismo , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Difração de Raios X
20.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1165: 671-691, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399990

RESUMO

The rennin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) has been well documented in regulating blood pressure, fluid volume, and sodium balance. Overactivity of RAAS promotes both systemic and regional glomerular capillary hypertension, which could induce hemodynamic injury to the glomerulus, leading to kidney damage and renal fibrosis via profibrotic and proinflammatory pathway. Therefore, the use of RAAS inhibitors (i.e., ACEIs, ARBs, and MRAs) as the optional therapy has been demonstrated to prevent proteinuria, and kidney fibrosis and slow the decline of renal function effectively in the process of kidney disease during the last few decades. Recently, several new components of the RAAS have been discovered, including ACE2 and the corresponding ACE2/Ang (1-7)/Mas axis, which are also present in the kidney. Besides the classic RAAS inhibitors target the angiotensin-AT1-aldosterone axis, with the expanding knowledge about RAAS, a number of potential therapeutic targets in this system is emerging. Newer agents that are more specific are being developed. The present chapter outlines the insights of the RAAS agents (classic RAAS antagonists/the new RAAS drugs), and discusses its clinical application in the combat of renal fibrosis.


Assuntos
Sistema Renina-Angiotensina/efeitos dos fármacos , Aldosterona , Angiotensina I , Pressão Sanguínea , Humanos , Hipertensão , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides
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