Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 143
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3435, 2020 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32103052

RESUMO

The popular medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum (Fr.) Karst. [Ling Zhi] has been widely used for the general promotion of health and longevity in Asian countries. Continuous cultivation may affect soil microbe and soil properties. However, the effect of G. lucidum cultivation on related wood segments, soil and tree roots microbial communities and soil properties is remain unknown. In our study, the microbial communities of soils, wood segments, and tree roots before and after G. lucidum cultivation were investigated by Illumina Miseq sequencing of both ITS and 16S rDNA, and taxonomic composition of eukaryotic and prokaryotic microorganisms were observed. Indices of microbial richness, diversity and evenness significantly differed between before and after G. lucidum cultivation. Each of the investigated sampling type harbored a distinctive microbial community and differed remarkably before and after G. lucidum cultivation. Ascomycota and Basidiomycota (fungi), Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria (bacteria) showed significant differences after Ling Zhi cultivation. The soil property values also changed after cultivation. The redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that both the fungal and bacterial community structure significantly correlated with soil humus, pH, nitrogen, carbon and trace elements (Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu) contents. The results indicated that G. lucidum cultivation may have significant differed the associated microbial community structures and soil properties. The study will provide useful information for G. lucidum cultivation and under-forest economic development.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052078

RESUMO

Dendritic cells are crucial for the initiation and regulation of immune responses against cancer and pathogens. DCs are heterogeneous and highly specialized antigen-presenting cells. Human DCs comprise several subsets with different phenotypes and functional properties. In the steady state, human DC subsets have been well studied. However, the components of DC subsets and their immune functions during the inflamed setting are poorly understood. We identified and characterized DC subsets in the malignant pleural effusions of NSCLC patients. We analyzed the capacity of these DC subsets to induce T-cell differentiation. We observed the presence of inflammatory DCs (infDCs) and macrophages in the malignant pleural effusions of NSCLC patients, as identified by the CD11C+HLA-DR+CD16-BDCA1+ and CD11C+HLA-DR+CD16+BDCA1- phenotypes, respectively. InfDCs represented approximately 1% of the total light-density cells in the pleural effusion and were characterized by the expression of CD206, CD14, CD11b, and CD1α, which were absent on blood DCs. InfDCs also expressed CD80, although at a low level. As infDCs did not express CD40, CD83 and CD275, they remained functionally immature. We found that TLR agonists promoted the maturation of infDCs. Compared with macrophages, infDCs had a weaker capacity to phagocytose necrotic tumor cell lysates. However, only infDCs induced autologous memory CD4+ T-cell differentiation into Th1 cells. For the first time, we found that infDCs were present in the malignant pleural effusions of NSCLC patients. We conclude that infDCs represent a distinct human DC subset and induce Th1 cell differentiation in the presence of TLR agonists.

3.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 99: 99-106, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032764

RESUMO

Grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is an efficient pathogen causing high mortality in grass carp, meanwhile, fish interferon (IFN) is a powerful cytokine enabling host cells to establish an antiviral state; therefore, the strategies used by GCRV to escape the cellular IFN response need to be investigated. Here, we report that GCRV VP56 inhibits host IFN production by degrading the transcription factor IFN regulatory factor 7 (IRF7). First, overexpression of VP56 inhibited the IFN production induced by the polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) and mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS), while the capacity of IRF7 on IFN induction was unaffected. Second, VP56 interacted with RLRs but did not affect the stabilization of the proteins in the normal state, while the phosphorylated IRF7 activated by TBK1 was degraded by VP56 through K48-linked ubiquitination. Finally, overexpression of VP56 remarkably reduced the host cellular ifn transcription and facilitated viral proliferation. Taken together, our results demonstrate that GCRV VP56 suppresses the host IFN response by targeting phosphorylated IRF7 for ubiquitination and degradation.

4.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 221: 110009, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945652

RESUMO

A 14-day experiment was conducted to explore the pathological process and immune response of soybean meal (SBM) induced enteritis (SBMIE) in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). The complete replacement of dietary fish meal (FM) with SBM resulted in a remarkable reduction in final body weight, weight gain ratio, and feed conversion efficiency (p < 0.05). The typical histopathological changes of SBMIE appeared starting at day 4, and progressively increased in severity until day 8, then gradually subsided after day 11. The course of SBMIE could be divided into incubation period (days 1-2), prodromal period (days 3-6), symptomatic period (days 7-10), and convalescent period (days 11-14). Transcription levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17A/F1 and IFN-γ2, were up-regulated during the prodromal period, and then down-regulated during the convalescent period. Transcript levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10 and TGFß1) and their receptors (IL-10R1 and TßRII), were up-regulated during the prodromal and convalescent periods. Transcript levels of MHCIIß, Igµ, Igτ, TCRδ, TCRß, CD4, and CD8α were altered in SBMIE. Furthermore, expression levels of T-bet, IFN-γ2, RORγ2 and IL-17A/F1 were significantly increased in the initiation of enteritis, whereas the transcript levels of Foxp3 and IL-2/15Ra were significantly up-regulated in the repair of enteritis. In conclusion, grass carp SBMIE is regulated by the adjustment of SBM-based diet intake, and the changes of the above-mentioned genes expression suggest that these genes may be involved in SBMIE.

5.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 106: 103613, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935401

RESUMO

Teleost fish are the most primitive bony vertebrates that contain B cells; thus, comparative analysis of teleost naïve/mature B cells and plasma cells can provide helpful evidence for understanding the evolution paradigms of these two B-cell subpopulations in vertebrates. In this study, we developed monoclonal antibody against grass carp IgM and identified two different IgM+ cell subsets: IgM+ lymphocytes (Lym), resembling naïve/mature B cells, and IgM+ myeloid cells (Mye), resembling plasma cells. Like plasma cells in mammals, the size of IgM+ Mye is significantly larger than that of IgM+ Lym, as revealed by flow cytometric analysis and transmission electron microscopy. The IgM+ Mye were further verified as plasma cells because they showed gene expression patterns similar with those of human plasma cells and a great capacity to secrete IgM. Like mammalian IgM+ and IgA+ plasma cells, not IgG+ plasma cells, grass carp IgM+ Mye also expressed membrane immunoglobulins, a feature conserved in IgM+ plasma cells in vertebrates. Furthermore, recombinant CD40L or IL-21 alone could induce the plasma cell generation and IgM secretion, while the combination of CD40L and IL-21 had greater effect on IgM secretion, but not on plasma cell generation. This study fills an important gap in the knowledge of plasma cells in teleost fish and provides critical insights into the conserved evolution of IgM+ plasma cells in vertebrates.

6.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 103: 103497, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518591

RESUMO

The lectin pathway of complement activation is an important component of the innate immune response, which must be tightly controlled to maintain immune homeostasis. However, its control mechanisms have not been investigated in detail in bony fish. In this study, we identified and characterized two novel, phylogenetically conserved mannan-binding lectin (MBL)-associated proteins (MAps) of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), CiMAp27 and CiMAp39, which were truncated, alternatively-spliced forms of grass carp MBL-associated serine proteases (MASPs), CiMASP1 and CiMASP2, respectively. Gene expression profiling showed that both CiMAp27 and CiMAp39 were upregulated by low doses of Aeromonas hydrophila, and inhibited by high doses, which lead to the inference that these genes acted as immune factors in antibacterial defense. Sequence analysis showed that CiMAp27 lack a catalytic domain but retains two domains (CUB1-EGF) involved in the association with MBL, while CiMAp39 retained four domains (CUB1-EGF-CUB2-CCP1). Not only the two CiMASPs but also the CiMAps were detected in grass carp serum. Furthermore, both recombinant CiMASPs (rCiMASPs) and recombinant rCiMAps (rCiMAps) interacted with recombinant MBL and the two CiMAps competed with CiMASPs for binding to MBL, and hence inhibited downstream C4 binding. These results indicated that CiMAps acted as competitive inhibitors in the lectin complement pathway of grass carp.

7.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 97: 204-215, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843701

RESUMO

Foodborne enteritis has become a limiting factor in aquaculture. Plant protein sources have already caused enteritic inflammation and inhibition in growth performance. Attempts have been made to find an effective solution to foodborne enteritis. Based on the previously suggested fish cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway, galantamine, a typical cholinesterase inhibitor, was tested for the repression of pro-inflammatory cytokines for soybean meal induced enteritis by injection into grass carp. Both the phylogenetic analysis of cholinesterase, AchR and bioinformatic prediction, indicated galantamine's potential use as an enteritis drug. The result highlighted galantamine's potential effect for anti-enteritis in fish, especially in carps. Subsequently, a 4-week feeding trail using galantamine as an additive, in a zebrafish soybean meal induced enteritis model, demonstrated the prevention of enteritis. The results demonstrated that galantamine could prevent intestinal pathology, both histologically and molecularly, and also maintain growth performance. Reflected by gene expressional analysis, all mechanical, chemical and immune functions of the intestinal barrier could be protected by galantamine supplementation, which aided molecularly in the control of fish foodborne enteritis, through down-regulating Th17 type proinflammatory factors, meanwhile resuming the level of Treg type anti-inflammatory factors. Therefore, the current results shed light on fish intestinal acetylcholine anti-inflammation, by the dietary addition of galantamine, which could give rise to protection from foodborne enteritis.

8.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 97: 523-530, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881328

RESUMO

Interferon (IFN) is a vital antiviral factor in host in the early stages after the viral invasion. Meanwhile, viruses have to survive by taking advantage of the cellular machinery and complete their replication. As a result, viruses evolved several immune escape mechanisms to inhibit host IFN expression. However, the mechanisms used to escape the host's IFN system are still unclear for infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV). In this study, we report that the N protein of IHNV inhibits IFN1 production in rainbow trout by degrading the MITA. Firstly, the upregulation of IFN1 promoter activity stimulated by poly I:C was suppressed by IHNV infection. Consistent with this result, the overexpression of the N protein of IHNV blocked the IFN1 transcription that was activated by poly I:C and MITA. Secondly, MITA was remarkably decreased by the overexpression of N protein at the protein level. Further analysis demonstrated that the N protein targeted MITA and promoted the ubiquitination of MITA. Taken together, these data suggested that the production of rainbow trout IFN1 could be suppressed by the N protein of IHNV via degrading MITA.

9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 94: 871-879, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597087

RESUMO

Mammalian cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) senses double-stranded (ds) DNA in the cytosol to activate the innate antiviral response. In the present study, a cGAS-like gene, namely cGASL, was cloned from grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idellus, and its role as a negative regulator of the IFN response was revealed. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that cGASL was evolutionarily closest to cGAS, but was not a true ortholog of cGAS. Overexpression of cGASL inhibited poly I:C-stimulated grass carp (gc)IFN1pro and ISRE activities. In addition, MITA-, but not TBK1-mediated activation of gcIFN1pro was impaired by cGASL. Co-immunoprecipitation and Western blot experiments indicated that cGASL interacted with MITA and TBK1, resulting in a reduction in the phosphorylation of MITA. Lastly, overexpression of cGASL reduced the transcriptional levels of several IFN-stimulated genes activated by MITA. Collectively, these data suggest that cGASL is a negative regulator of IFN response by targeting MITA in fish.


Assuntos
Carpas/genética , Carpas/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , Interferons/metabolismo , Nucleotidiltransferases/química , Filogenia , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária
10.
iScience ; 19: 821-835, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499339

RESUMO

The buccal mucosa (BM) is a critical first line of defense in terrestrial animals. To gain further insights into the evolutionary origins and primordial roles of BM in teleosts here we show that rainbow trout, a teleost fish, contains a diffuse mucosal associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) within its buccal cavity. Upon parasite infection, a fish immunoglobulin specialized in mucosal immunity (sIgT) was induced to a high degree, and parasite-specific sIgT responses were mainly detected in the buccal mucus. Moreover, we show that the trout buccal microbiota is prevalently coated with sIgT. Overall our findings revealed that the MALT is present in the BM of a non-tetrapod species. As fish IgT and mucus-producing cells are evolutionarily unrelated to mammalian IgA and salivary glands, respectively, our findings indicate that mucosal immune responses in the BM of teleost fish and tetrapods evolved through a process of convergent evolution.

11.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 94: 739-745, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561026

RESUMO

Aeromonas hydrophila is a pathogen that causes high mortality in the grass carp. The complement system, as a frontline defence of innate immunity, plays an important role in the immune response against pathogens. However, the immunity evasion mechanism of A. hydrophila against the complement system of grass carp remains unclear. In this study, we described an additional mechanism used by A. hydrophila GD18 to evade the complement system and survive in grass carp serum. First, A. hydrophila evaded the bactericidal activity of grass carp serum. Second, the haemolytic activity assays showed that A. hydrophila obviously suppressed the alternative pathway, which depended on preventing the formation or disabling the function of the membrane-attack complex (MAC). Further research indicated that A. hydrophila targeted complement C3, the central component of the three complement pathways, and degraded it in the grass carp serum, leading to the inhibition of the complement pathways, which resulted in the serum-resistance of A. hydrophila. Furthermore, cleavage analyses showed that extracellular proteases (ECPases) of A. hydrophila efficiently cleaved purified C3 as well as C3 in grass carp serum. Finally, protease inhibitor studies and mass spectrum analysis identified the secreted metalloprotease elastase (AhE), which was present in large amounts in crude ECPases, as the central molecule responsible for C3 cleavage. Compared to wild strain GD18, the AhE knockout, Δahe was dramatically reduced in the ability of serum resistance. Our findings suggested that A. hydrophila escaped serum-killing by suppressing the complement pathways via the degradation of complement C3 in bony fish, which was related to secreted metalloproteases.


Assuntos
Carpas/imunologia , Complemento C3/metabolismo , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/sangue , Metaloproteases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Aeromonas hydrophila/fisiologia , Animais , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/imunologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária
12.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1106, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191518

RESUMO

Expression of major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC II) molecules, which determines both the immune repertoire during development and subsequent triggering of immune responses, is always under the control of a unique (MHC class II) transactivator, CIITA. The IFN-γ-inducible MHC II expression has been extensively and thoroughly studied in humans, but not in bony fish. In this study, the characterization of CIITA was identified and its functional domains were analyzed in grass carp. The absence of GAS and E-box in the promoter region of grass carp CIITA, might imply that the cooperative interaction between STAT1 and USF1 to active the CIITA expression, found in mammals, is not present in bony fish. After the transfection of IFN-γ or IFN-γ rel, only IFN-γ could induce MHC II expression mediated by CIITA. Moreover, interferon regulatory factor (IRF) 2, which cooperates with IRF1 to active the CIITA promoter IV expression in mammals, played an antagonistic role to IRF1 in the activation of grass carp CIITA. These data suggested that grass carp, compared with mammals, has both conservative and unique mechanisms in the regulation of MHC II expression.

13.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 224-229, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200068

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) 3 is one of the four distinct membrane-spanning tyrosine kinases required for proper skeletal development. In fish, the role of FGFR3 is still unclear. In this article, we reveal that zebrafish FGFR3 is a negative regulator of interferon (IFN) production in the innate immune response by suppressing the activity of TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) in the process of virus infection. qPCR experiments demonstrate that the transcriptional level of cellular FGFR3 was upregulated by infection with spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV), indicating that FGFR3 might be involved in the process of host cell response to viral infection. Then, overexpression of FGFR3 significantly impeded the IFN promoter activity induced by a stimulator. In addition, the capabilities of a retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptor (RLR) system to activate IFN promoter were decreased during the overexpression of FGFR3. Subsequently, FGFR3 decreased the phosphorylation of interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) and mediator of IRF3 activation (MITA) by TBK1. These findings suggest that zebrafish FGFR3 is a negative regulator of IFN by attenuating the kinase activity of TBK1, leading to the suppression of IFN expression.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Interferons/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Receptor Tipo 3 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/imunologia , Animais , Interferons/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/imunologia , Receptor Tipo 3 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/imunologia , Rhabdoviridae/fisiologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Rhabdoviridae/veterinária , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia
14.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 89: 301-308, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965085

RESUMO

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is a kind of dioxygenase that can catalyze the degradation of levo-tryptophan (L-Trp) and plays key roles in immune tolerance. In this study, the IDO gene was cloned and functionally characterized from grass carp (gcIDO). The results showed that gcIDO overexpressed in GCO cells could catalyze the degradation of L-Trp through the L-Trp - kynurenine pathway, and this activity could be promoted by δ-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) while inhibited by levo-1-methyl tryptophan (L-1MT). Moreover, gcIDO was constitutively expressed in various tissues, and its expression could be significantly up-regulated by LPS and Poly (I:C) in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs). Furthermore, recombinant TGF-ß1 of grass carp could up-regulate the expression of IDO, TGF-ß1, CD25, and Foxp3 in PBLs, indicating that the TGF-ß1/IDO pathway is present in fish. In the soybean meal induced enteritis (SBMIE) model, the expression of gcIDO in the intestine was up-regulated significantly, demonstrating that gcIDO may play an immunoregulatory role in SBMIE. Taken together, these data suggest that the IDO plays multiple roles in the immunity of fish.


Assuntos
Carpas/genética , Enterite/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/genética , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/imunologia , Animais , Carpas/imunologia , Enterite/induzido quimicamente , Enterite/genética , Enterite/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/induzido quimicamente , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Poli I-C/farmacologia , Soja/química , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética
15.
PLoS Pathog ; 15(3): e1007695, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30925159

RESUMO

p53, which regulates cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis, is a crucial target for viruses to release cells from cell-cycle checkpoints or to protect cells from apoptosis for their own benefit. Viral evasion mechanisms of aquatic viruses remain mysterious. Here, we report the spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) degrading and stabilizing p53 in the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway by the N and P proteins, respectively. Early in an SVCV infection, significant induction was observed in the S phase and p53 was decreased in the protein level. Further experiments demonstrated that p53 interacted with SVCV N protein and was degraded by suppressing the K63-linked ubiquitination. However, the increase of p53 was observed late in the infection and experiments suggested that p53 was bound to SVCV P protein and stabilized by enhancing the K63-linked ubiquitination. Finally, lysine residue 358 was the key site for p53 K63-linked ubiquitination by the N and P proteins. Thus, our findings suggest that fish p53 is modulated by SVCV N and P protein in two distinct mechanisms, which uncovers the strategy for the subversion of p53-mediated host innate immune responses by aquatic viruses.


Assuntos
Rhabdoviridae/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Vírus de DNA , Doenças dos Peixes , Regulação Viral da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Rhabdoviridae/patogenicidade , Ubiquitinação , Viremia , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
16.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 87: 546-558, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30716522

RESUMO

The present study was the first to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin A (VA) on the intestinal physical barrier function associated with oxidation, antioxidant system, apoptosis and cell-cellular tight junction (TJ) in the proximal (PI), mid (MI) and distal (DI) intestines of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Fish were fed graded levels of dietary VA for 10 weeks, and then a challenge test using an injection of Aeromonas hydrophila was conducted for 14 days. Results indicated that dietary VA deficiency caused oxidative damage to fish intestine partly by the reduced non-enzymatic antioxidant components glutathione (GSH) and VA contents as well as reduced antioxidant enzyme activities [not including manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD)]. Further results observed that the decreased antioxidant enzyme activities by VA deficiency were partly related to the down-regulation of their corresponding mRNA levels which were regulated by the down-regulation of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) mRNA levels and up-regulation of kelch-like-ECH-associated protein (Keap1a) (rather than Keap1b) mRNA levels in three intestinal segments of fish. Meanwhile, VA deficiency up-regulated the mRNA levels of the apoptosis signalling [caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9 (rather than caspase-7)] associated with the inhibition of the target of rapamycin (TOR) signalling pathway in three intestinal segments of fish. Additionally, VA deficiency decreased the mRNA levels of TJ complexes [claudin-b, claudin-c, claudin-3, claudin-12, claudin-15a, occludin and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) in the PI, MI and DI, as well as claudin-7 and claudin-11a in the MI and DI] linked to the up-regulation of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) signalling. These results suggested that VA deficiency impaired structural integrity in three intestinal segments of fish. Meanwhile, excessive VA also showed similar negative effects on these indexes. Taken together, the current study firstly demonstrated that VA deficiency impaired physical barrier functions associated with impaired antioxidant capacity, aggravated cell apoptosis and disrupted TJ complexes in the PI, MI and DI, but different segments performed different actions in fish. Based on protecting fish against protein oxidation, the optimal VA levels for grass carp were estimated to be 2622 IU/kg diet.


Assuntos
Carpas , Doenças dos Peixes/tratamento farmacológico , Intestinos/imunologia , Deficiência de Vitamina A/veterinária , Vitamina A/metabolismo , Vitaminas/metabolismo , Aeromonas hydrophila/fisiologia , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doenças dos Peixes/induzido quimicamente , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/imunologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/patologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/genética , Vitamina A/administração & dosagem , Deficiência de Vitamina A/induzido quimicamente , Deficiência de Vitamina A/tratamento farmacológico , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem
17.
J Immunol ; 202(2): 559-566, 2019 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30530482

RESUMO

IFN production is crucial for hosts to defend against viral infection, yet it must be tightly controlled to maintain immune homeostasis. TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) is a pivotal kinase in the IFN induction signaling pathway, but it is negatively regulated by multiple molecules to avoid the excessive expression of IFN in mammals. However, the identified TBK1 suppressors and the mechanisms are rare in fish. In this study, we show that zebrafish major vault protein (MVP) recruits and degrades TBK1 in a lysosome-dependent manner to inhibit IFN production. Through viral infection, polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid and RIG-I-like receptor factor stimulation upregulated IFN expression, but overexpression of MVP significantly subverted these inductions. On the protein level, MVP interacted with TBK1, and interestingly, MVP recruited TBK1 from a uniformly distributed state in the cytoplasm to an aggregated state. Finally, MVP mediated the lysosome-dependent degradation of TBK1 and decreased the IFN response and IFN-stimulated genes expression. Our findings reveal that zebrafish MVP is a negative regulator of IFN production by restricting the activation of TBK1, supplying evidence of the balanced mechanisms of IFN expression in lower vertebrates.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Partículas de Ribonucleoproteínas em Forma de Abóbada/metabolismo , Viroses/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/imunologia , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Interferons/genética , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Poli I-C/imunologia , Agregação Patológica de Proteínas , Ligação Proteica , Proteólise , Transdução de Sinais , Partículas de Ribonucleoproteínas em Forma de Abóbada/genética
18.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 86: 814-831, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30543935

RESUMO

The present study explored the effects of dietary gossypol on the gut health of on-growing grass carp. The fish were fed six diets containing different levels of free gossypol (0, 121.38, 243.94, 363.89, 759.93 and 1162.06 mg/kg diet) from gossypol-acetic acid for 60 days and then challenged with Aeromonas hydrophila for 14 days. The results showed that dietary gossypol (1) could aggravate enteritis and damage the structure of intestinal epithelial cells, (2) decreased the lysozyme (LZ) and Acid phosphatase (ACP) activities, complement 3 (C3), C4 and immunoglobulin M (IgM) contents, and it down-regulated the Hepcidin (rather than distal intestine (DI)), immunoglobulin Z (IgZ), liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide (LEAP)-2B, Mucin2 and ß-defensin-1 mRNA levels in the proximal intestine (PI), mid intestine (MI) and DI, (3) up-regulated intestinal pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interferon γ2 (IFN-γ2), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß), IL-6 (only in PI), IL-8 and IL-12p35 mRNA levels partly related to nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signalling, and (4) down-regulated the mRNA levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines such as transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1, TGF-ß2, interleukin 4/13A (IL-4/13A) (except IL-4/13B), IL-10 and IL-11 partly relating to target of rapamycin (TOR) signalling in the intestines of on-growing grass carp. Moreover, the dietary gossypol had no impact on the LEAP-2A, IL-12P40, IL-17D, IL-10, NF-κBp52, IKKα and eIF4E-binding proteins 2 (4E-BP2) mRNA levels in the intestines. Finally, based on the intestinal histopathological results, enteritis morbidity, LZ activity and IgM content, the safe dose of gossypol in the diets for on-growing grass carp should be less than 103.42 mg/kg diet.


Assuntos
Carpas , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Gossipol/análogos & derivados , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Inflamação/veterinária , Intestinos/imunologia , Aeromonas hydrophila/fisiologia , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doenças dos Peixes/induzido quimicamente , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Gossipol/administração & dosagem , Gossipol/metabolismo , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/imunologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/veterinária , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/imunologia , Intestinos/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição Aleatória
19.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 93: 78-88, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590066

RESUMO

Interleukin-35 (IL-35) is a member of the IL-12 cytokine family and a heterodimeric protein formed by Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 (EBI3) and IL-12p35. Emerging evidence showed that IL-35 is a key player in the regulation of cellular communication, differentiation, and inflammation. To date, no studies on fish IL-35 have been documented. In this work, we first identify two splicing isoforms of EBI3, EBI3a and EBI3b, from grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). EBI3a is composed of 299 amino acid residues and possesses an immunoglobulin-like (Ig-like) domain and a fibronectin type 3 (FN3) domain that is a conservative domain in vertebrate EBI3. However, the EBI3b is composed of 177 amino acid residues and only contains an Ig-like domain. The result of Co-immunoprecipitation suggests that only EBI3a can associate with IL-12p35 to form IL-35 in grass carp. Like the function of IL-35 in human and mouse, recombinant grass carp IL-35 protein could induce the expression of genes EBI3a, IL-12p35, and CD25-like and downregulate the expression of genes CD4-1, CD4-2, IL-17A/F1, and RORγ2. Taken together, these results indicate for the first time that a teleost IL-35 may also have the ability to induce regulatory T (Treg) cells, inhibit effector T (Teff) cell proliferation and restrict the differentiation and function of T helper 17 (Th17) cells in teleost.


Assuntos
Carpas/imunologia , Interleucinas/genética , Interleucinas/imunologia , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Células Th17/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Proliferação de Células , Domínio de Fibronectina Tipo III/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunoglobulinas/genética , Subunidade p35 da Interleucina-12/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária/genética , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia
20.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 86: 999-1008, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590166

RESUMO

Streptococcus agalactiae infections are becoming an increasing problem in aquaculture because of significant morbidity and mortality, which restricts the healthy development of tilapia aquaculture. To seek safe and effective prevention measures, a Bacillus subtilis GC5 surface displayed vaccine was prepared and applied orally in tilapia. The study first showed that recombinant spores can engraft in the tilapia intestine. Then, the effect of protection and the immune responses were evaluated. The results of ELISA showed that Sip-specific antibody in the sera of GC5-Sip-immunized fish can be detected after the first oral administration when compared to the phosphate buffer saline (PBS) control group, and the levels of specific IgM gradually strengthened with boosting, so does the specific antibody against bacteria, proving that humoral immunity was induced. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) results showed that the immune-related gene expression of the gut and spleen exhibited a different rising trend in the GC5-Sip group, revealing that innate immune response and local as well as systemic cellular immunity were induced. The outcome of fish immunized with GC5-Sip spores provided a relative percent survival (RPS) of 41.7% against S. agalactiae and GC5 group had an RPS of 24.2%, indicating that GC5-Sip was safe and effective in protecting tilapia against bacterial infection. Our study demonstrated that the oral administration of B. subtilis spores expressing Sip could cause an effective immune response and offer good resistance to bacterial infection. Our work may lead to the development of new ideas for immunoprophylaxis against S. agalactiae infection.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/imunologia , Streptococcus agalactiae/imunologia , Tilápia , Administração Oral , Animais , Bacillus subtilis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Esporos Bacterianos , Infecções Estreptocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Estreptocócicas/administração & dosagem , Vacinação
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA