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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502986

RESUMO

This paper proposes a novel framework to process pressure signals for real-time and robust gesture recognition, which includes an innovative segmentation scheme, a gesture recognition scheme and a pressure-parameter adaptive updating strategy. A prototype system, including a wearable gesture sensing device with four pressure sensors and the corresponding algorithmic framework, is developed to realize real-time gesture-based interaction. With the device worn on the wrist, the user can interact with the computer using 8 predefined gestures. Experimental results show that the delay of gesture recognition is about 100 ms, with the average accuracy of 95.28% in the experienced-user test and 86.20% in the inexperienced-user test. Finally, the system is evaluated by a mouse-controlling interaction task and performs well. Both experienced and inexperienced people can easily and quickly complete interactive tasks. These results demonstrate that a pressure-sensor based wristband can be used to classify hand gestures well and to control the mouse interaction. This approach provides an interactive way to replace the mouse for decreasing the risk of the carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

2.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 514(3): 842-847, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31079925

RESUMO

Mammalian neural stem cells (NSCs) are not only responsible for normal development of the central nervous system (CNS), but also participate in brain homeostasis and repair, thus hold promising clinical potentials in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and trauma. However the molecular networks regulating the stemness and differentiation of NSCs have not been fully understood. In this study, we show that Tweety-homolog 1 (Ttyh1), a five-pass transmembrane protein specifically expressed in mouse brain, is involved in maintaining stemness of murine NSCs. Blocking or activating Notch signal led to downregulation and upregulation of Ttyh1 in cultured NSCs, respectively, suggesting that Ttyh1 is under the control of Notch signaling. Knockdown of Ttyh1 in cultured NSCs resulted in a transient increase in the number and size of neurospheres, followed by a decrease of stemness as manifested by compromised neurosphere formation, downregulated stem cell markers, and increased neuronal differentiation. We generated Ttyh1 knockout mice by deleting its exon 4 using the CRISPR-Cas9 technology. Surprisingly, in contrast to a previous report, Ttyh1 knockout did not result in embryonic lethality. NSCs derived from Ttyh1 knockout mice phenocopied NSCs transfected with Ttyh1 siRNA. Immunofluorescence showed that loss of Ttyh1 leads to the increase of neurogenesis in adult mice. Taken together, these findings indicate that Ttyh1, which is likely downstream to Notch signaling, plays an important role in regulating NSCs.

3.
Metabolomics ; 15(4): 52, 2019 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30911937

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Specific oncogenotypes can produce distinct metabolic changes in cancer. Recently it is considered that metabolic reprograming contributes heavily to drug resistance. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1A1 (ALDH1A1), is overexpressed in drug resistant lung adenocarcinomas and may be the cause of acquired drug resistance. However, how ALDH1A1 affects metabolic profiling in lung adenocarcinoma cells remains elusive. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate metabolic alterations induced by ALDH1A1 in lung adenocarcinoma in order to better understand the reprogramming and metabolic mechanism of resistance induced by ALDH1A1. METHODS: Metabolic alterations in lung adenocarcinoma HCC827-ALDH1A1 cells were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS). HCC827-ALDH1A1 metabolic signatures were extracted by univariate and multivariate statistical analysis. Furthermore, metabolite enrichment analysis and pathway analysis were performed using MetaboAnalyst 4.0 software. RESULTS: Twenty-two metabolites were positively identified using authentic standards, including uridine monophosphate (UMP), uridine diphosphate (UDP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), malic acid, malonyl-coenzyme A, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), coenzyme A and so on. Furthermore, metabolic pathway analysis revealed several dysregulated pathways in HCC827-ALDH1A1 cells, including nucleotide metabolism, urea cycle, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, and glycerol phospholipid metabolism etc. CONCLUSION: Lung cancer is the most frequent cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Nearly all patients eventually undergo disease progression due to acquired resistance. Mechanisms of biological acquired resistance need to be identified. Our study identified altered metabolites in HCC827-ALDH1A1 cells, enhancing our knowledge of lung adenocarcinoma metabolic alterations induced by ALDH1A1, creating a novel therapeutic pathway. These metabolic signatures of ALDH1A1 overexpression may shed light on molecular mechanisms in drug-resistant tumors, and on candidate drug targets. Furthermore, new molecular targets may provide the foundation for potential anticancer strategies for lung cancer therapy.

4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(1): 44-8, 2019 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672255

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy between herb-separated moxibustion and conventional moxibustion on ankylosing spondylitis (AS) based on oral administration of sulfasalazine enteric-coated tablets. METHODS: A total of 64 patients with AS of cold-dampness obstruction type were randomly divided into an herb-separated moxibustion group and a conventional moxibustion group, 32 cases in each one. Based on oral administration of sulfasalazine enteric-coated tablets, the patients in the conventional moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion at the area with Dazhui (GV 14) to Changqiang (GV 1) as center and about 10 cm in width; the moxibustion was given for 1 hour. In the herb-separated moxibustion group, the gauze was soaked in the medicinal liquor and ginger juice, and placed on the same moxibustion area as the conventional moxibustion group, followed by moxibustion for 1 hour. The treatment in the two groups was given once a week, three treatments constituted a course and totally three courses were given. The symptom quantification score, occipital-wall distance, Schober test, C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels were observed before and after treatment in the two groups, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated. RESULTS: Compared before treatment, the symptom quantification score, occipital-wall distance, CRP and ESR levels were lower but the Schober test was higher after treatment in the two groups (all P<0.05). The symptom quantification score, Schober test, CRP and ESR levels in the herb-separated moxibustion group were superior to those in the conventional moxibustion group (all P<0.05), but no significant difference was observed on occipital-wall distance (P>0.05). The total effective rate was 90.0% (27/30) in the herb-separated moxibustion group, which was higher than 73.3% (22/30) in the conventional moxibustion group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The herb-separated moxibustion combined with sulfasalazine enteric-coated tablets has significant efficacy for AS with cold-dampness obstruction type, which could obviously relieve pain symptoms, improve occipital-wall distance, Schober test and other physical signs, and improve the quality of life.


Assuntos
Moxibustão , Espondilite Anquilosante , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Espondilite Anquilosante/terapia , Sulfassalazina , Comprimidos com Revestimento Entérico , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(3): 596-602, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29600628

RESUMO

To explore the protective effect of naringin(Nar) on the injury of myocardium tissues induced by streptozotocin(STZ) in diabetic rats and the relationship with oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS), the male SD rats were intraperitoneally injected with streptozotocin(STZ, 60 mg·kg⁻¹) to establish the diabetic rat model and then randomly divided into the type 1 diabetic rat group(T1DR), the low-dose Nar group(Nar25), the middle-dose Nar group(Nar50) and the high-dose Nar group(Nar100). The normal rats were designed as control group(Con). Nar25, Nar50, Nar100 groups were orally administered with Nar at the doses of 25.0, 50.0, 100.0 mg·kg⁻¹ per day, respectively, while the normal group and the T1DR group were orally administered with saline. At the 8th week after treatment, fasting plasma glucose and heart mass index were measured. The pathological changes in myocardial tissues were observed by microscope. The cardiac malondialdehyde(MDA) level and superoxide dismutase(SOD) activities were measured. The gene and protein expressions of glucose-regulated protein 78(GRP78), C/EBP homologous protein(CHOP), cysteinyl aspartate-specific proteinase 12(caspase 12) were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. According to the results, compared with control group, the myocardial structure was damaged, the content of MDA was increased, while the activities of SOD were decreased(P<0.05) in T1DR group. GRP78, CHOP and caspase 12 mRNA and protein expressions were increased significantly in T1DR group(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with T1DR group, myocardial structure damage was alleviated in Nar treatment group. The content of MDA was decreased, while the activities of SOD were increased significantly. The mRNA and protein expressions of GRP78, CHOP and caspase 12 were increased, especially in middle and high-dose groups(P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment with Nar for 8 weeks, myocardial structure damage was obviously alleviated in Nar treatment groups. The content of MDA was decreased, while the activities of SOD were increased significantly in myocardial tissues. The mRNA and protein expressions of GRP78, CHOP and caspase 12 were increased, especially in middle and high-dose groups(P<0.05, P<0.01). The findings suggest that Nar may protect myocardium in diabetic rats by reducing mitochondrial oxidative stress injuries and inhibiting the ERS-mediated cell apoptosis pathway.

6.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 495(1): 892-898, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29154990

RESUMO

The neural stem cell (NSC) niche in subventricular zone (SVZ) of adult mammalian brain contains dense vascular plexus, where endothelial cells (ECs) regulate NSCs by releasing plenty of angiocrine factors. However, the role of ECs-derived exosomes, a novel type of mediators of intercellular communications, in the regulation of NSCs remains unclear. In the current study, primary NSCs isolated from embryonic mouse brains form more neurospheres when cultured in the presence of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The supportive role of ECs in the coculture was significantly attenuated when GW4869, a blocker of exosome formation, was included, suggesting that HUVECs-derived exosomes played a significant role in supporting NSCs. In order to investigate the role of ECs-derived exosomes on NSCs, we collected exosomes from HUVECs. We found that HUVECs-derived exosomes could significantly promote the formation of neurospheres by primary murine NSCs. EdU incorporation and TUNEL assays indicated that the proliferation of NSCs increased while apoptosis decreased when cultured in the presence of HUVECs-derived exosomes. NSCs incubated with the HUVECs-derived exosomes maintained their potential of multi-lineage differentiation potentials. The expression of stemness-related genes was up-regulated. These data suggested that ECs-derived exosomes could play an importantly role in NSC niche, and they might be used as a reagent for ex vivo NSC amplification for medical application.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/citologia , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/fisiologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/fisiologia , Nicho de Células-Tronco/fisiologia , Células Cultivadas , Humanos
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(21): 4180-4186, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29271158

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus on airway remodeling and matrix metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9), tissue inhibitor-1 of metalloproteinase(TIMP-1) of a murine asthma model, and explore its mechanism in treatment of asthma. BALB/C murines were randomly divided into the normal group, model group, high dose group, low dose group, and positive control group. Except for the normal group, all the other groups received ovalbumin(OVA) to establish murine asthma model. After successful modeling, the murines in high dose group and low dose group were orally administered with Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus powder at the dose of 18.0 mg•kg⁻¹ and 9.0 mg•kg⁻¹, respectively; the murines in positive control group were injected intraperitoneally with dexamethasone at the dose of 0.5 mg•kg⁻¹; while the murines in normal group and the model group were orally administered with the same volume of normal saline. All the drugs were given to murines per day for 28 d. The variations of airway responsiveness, variations of the total cell count and leukocyte differential count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF), and the variations of thicknesses of bronchial wall and airway smooth muscle of each group were observed. The levels of MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were measured by ELISA; and the expression levels of MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 mRNA were detected by RT-PCR. The results showed that as compared with the normal group, the airway responsiveness, the count of total cells, neutrophils, macrophage, lymphocytes, eosinophils in BALF, and the thicknesses of bronchial wall and airway smooth muscle were increased significantly in the model group(P<0.01); as compared with the model group, the above indicators were decreased significantly in the high dose group, low dose group and positive control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). As compared with the normal group, the levels and expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 mRNA were increased significantly in the model group(P<0.01); while as compared with the model group, these levels were decreased significantly in the high dose group, low dose group and positive control group(P<0.01). In conclusion, Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus can improve airway remodeling in a murine asthma model, and its mechanisms may be related to down-regulating MMP-2, MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels.

8.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 6773, 2017 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28754923

RESUMO

Evaporative drying (ED) is an alternative technique for long-term preservation of mammalian sperm, which does not require liquid nitrogen or freeze-drying equipment, but offers advantages for storage and shipping at ambient temperature and low cost. However, the development of zygotes generated from these sperms was poor. Here, we demonstrated that the supplementation of tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), an endogenous bile acid, during embryo culture improved the developmental competency of embryos derived from in vitro matured pig oocytes injected intracytoplasmically with boar ED spermatozoa by reducing the production of reactive oxygen species, the DNA degradation and fragmentation, and the expression of apoptosis-related gene Bax and Bak, and by increasing the transcription of anti-apoptosis gene Bcl-XL and Bcl-2. Furthermore, TUDCA treatment promoted the blastocyst quality manifested by the total cell numbers and the ratio of inner cell mass. Taken together, our data suggest that evaporative drying would be a potentially useful method for the routine preservation of boar sperm in combination with further optimization of subsequently embryo culture conditions.

9.
Stem Cell Reports ; 8(4): 1032-1045, 2017 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28344005

RESUMO

Notch signaling is critically involved in neural development, but the downstream effectors remain incompletely understood. In this study, we cultured neurospheres from Nestin-Cre-mediated conditional Rbp-j knockout (Rbp-j cKO) and control embryos and compared their miRNA expression profiles using microarray. Among differentially expressed miRNAs, miR-342-5p showed upregulated expression as Notch signaling was genetically or pharmaceutically interrupted. Consistently, the promoter of the miR-342-5p host gene, the Ena-vasodilator stimulated phosphoprotein-like (Evl), was negatively regulated by Notch signaling, probably through HES5. Transfection of miR-342-5p promoted the differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) into intermediate neural progenitors (INPs) in vitro and reduced the stemness of NSCs in vivo. Furthermore, miR-342-5p inhibited the differentiation of neural stem/intermediate progenitor cells into astrocytes, likely mediated by targeting GFAP directly. Our results indicated that miR-342-5p could function as a downstream effector of Notch signaling to regulate the differentiation of NSCs into INPs and astrocytes commitment.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , MicroRNAs/genética , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Neurogênese , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Astrócitos/citologia , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/genética , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo
10.
J Org Chem ; 82(1): 179-187, 2017 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27935315

RESUMO

Two tribenzotriquinacene-based crown ethers, TBTQ-dibenzo-24-crown-8 5 and TBTQ-benzo-21-crown-7 6, were prepared from the key TBTQ intermediate, 2,3-dihydroxy-4b,8b,12b,12d-tetramethyltribenzotriquinacene (13), which in turn was synthesized in six steps using two variants of our cyclodehydration method on a multigram scale. The host-guest complexation properties of the TBTQ-based crown ethers 5 and 6 with a paraquat derivative, 16, and two secondary ammonium salts, 17 and 18, were studied by 1H NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. It was found that host 5 binds to the paraquat derivative 16 as a 1:1 complex in CDCl3/CD3CN solution with an association constant of Ka = (9.2 ± 1.8) × 102 M-1, whereas no complexation was found for 17 and 18. In contrast, the TBTQ-crown ether 6 assembles selectively with dibutylammonium hexafluorophosphate 18 as a 1:1 complex in CDCl3/CD3COCD3 [Ka = (5.0 ± 1.4) × 102 M-1], for which a threaded [2]pseudorotaxane structure is assumed.

11.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 28(4): 1309-1316, 2017 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29741329

RESUMO

A 25-year-old tea plantation in a typical red soil region was selected for an in situ simulated acid rain experiment treated by pH 4.5, 3.5, 2.5 and water (control, CK). Roots with different functions, leaves and twigs with different ages were collected to measure nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) contents in the third year after simulated acid rain treatment. The N/P and acid rain sensitivity coefficient of tea plant organs were also calculated. The results indicated that with the increase of acid rain intensity, the soil pH, NO3--N and available P decreased, while the absorption root N content increased. Compared with the control, the N content in absorption root was increased by 32.9% under the treatment of pH 2.5. The P content in storage root significantly decreased with enhanced acid rain intensity, and the acid rain treatment significantly enhanced N/P of absorption root. Young and mature leaf N, P contents were not sensitive to different intensities of acid rain, but the mature leaf N/P was significantly increased under pH 3.5 treatment compared with the control. The effects of acid rain treatments differed with tea twig ages. Compared with the control, low intensity acid treatment (pH 4.5) significantly increased young twig N content and N/P, while no signi-ficant differences in old twig N content and N/P were observed among four acid rain treatments. Acid rain sensitivity coefficients of absorption root, young leaf and twig N contents were higher than that of storage root, old leaf and twig, respectively. And the storage root and leaf P had higher acid rain sensitivity coefficient than other tea organs. In sum, tea organs N content was sensitive to acid rain treatment, and moderate acid rain could increase young organ N content and N/P, and change the cycle and balance of N and P in tea plantation.


Assuntos
Chuva Ácida , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Solo , China , Folhas de Planta , Chuva , Chá
12.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 28(2): 449-455, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29749152

RESUMO

A series of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition experiments using treatments of N0(0 kg N·hm-2·a-1), N1(50 kg N·hm-2·a-1), N2(100 kg N·hm-2·a-1), P (50 kg P·hm-2·a-1), N1P and N2P were conducted at Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in subtropical China. The responses of soil organic carbon (SOC), particulate organic carbon (POC) and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) to the nutrient addition treatments after 3 years were determined. The results showed that N and P additions had no significant effects on SOC concentration in 0-20 cm soil layer, while P addition significantly decreased soil POC content in 0-5 cm soil layer by 26.1%. The responses of WSOC to N and P addition were mainly found in 0-5 cm soil layer, and low level N and P addition significantly increased the WSOC content in 0-5 cm soil layer. Nitrogen addition had no significant effect on POC/SOC, while the POC/SOC significantly decreased by 15.9% in response to P addition in 0-5 cm soil layer. In 5-10 cm and 10-20 cm soil layers, POC/SOC was not significantly altered in N and P addition treatments. Therefore, the forest soil C stability was mainly controlled by P content in subtropical areas. P addition was liable to cause the decomposition of surface soil active organic C and increased the soil C stability in the short term treatment.


Assuntos
Cunninghamia , Nitrogênio , Fósforo , Carbono , China , Solo
13.
Protein Expr Purif ; 130: 81-89, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27678288

RESUMO

Ttyh1 is a murine homolog of the Drosophila Tweety and is predicted as a five-pass transmembrane protein. The Ttyh1 mRNA is expressed in mouse brain tissues with a restricted pattern and in human glioma cells. Ttyh1 protein may function as a large-conductance chloride channel, however, the role of Ttyh1 in normal neural development and tumorigenesis has been largely unknown, at least partially due to the lack of effective antibodies. Here we report the expression in E. coli and purification of two recombinant Ttyh1 protein fragments corresponding to one of the predicted extracellular domains and the carboxyl terminus of the mouse Ttyh1. With these Ttyh1 protein products, a set of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the mouse Ttyh1 protein was established by using conventional hybridoma techniques. The specificity of the anti-Ttyh1 mAbs was determined based on their activities in Western blotting and immunofluorescent analysis using embryonic brain tissues and cultured mouse neural stem cells (NSCs). We also show that the mouse Ttyh1 protein was expressed in cultured NSCs, most likely in membrane and cytoplasm. In mouse embryonic brains, it appeared that the Ttyh1 protein was specifically expressed in the apical edge of the ventricular zone as puncta-like structures, as determined by using immunofluorescence. Taken together, our study provided a useful tool for further exploration of the biological functions and pathological significance of Ttyh1 in mice.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos , Escherichia coli , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Membrana , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/imunologia , Feminino , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 95(31): e3485, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27495015

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Observational studies have suggested that vitamin B supplementation is associated with cancer risk, but this association remains controversial. A pooled data-based meta-analysis was conducted to summarize the evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effects of vitamin B supplementation on cancer incidence, death due to cancer, and total mortality. METHODS: PubMed, EmBase, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched to identify trials to fit our analysis through August 2015. Relative risk (RR) was used to measure the effect of vitamin B supplementation on the risk of cancer incidence, death due to cancer, and total mortality using a random-effect model. Cumulative meta-analysis, sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis, heterogeneity tests, and tests for publication bias were also conducted. RESULTS: Eighteen RCTs reporting the data on 74,498 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. Sixteen of these trials included 4103 cases of cancer; in 6 trials, 731 cancer-related deaths occurred; and in 15 trials, 7046 deaths occurred. Vitamin B supplementation had little or no effect on the incidence of cancer (RR: 1.04; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.98-1.10; P = 0.216), death due to cancer (RR, 1.05; 95% CI: 0.90-1.22; P = 0.521), and total mortality (RR, 1.00; 95% CI: 0.94-1.06; P = 0.952). Upon performing a cumulative meta-analysis for cancer incidence, death due to cancer, and total mortality, the nonsignificance of the effect of vitamin B persisted. With respect to specific types of cancer, vitamin B supplementation significantly reduced the risk of skin melanoma (RR, 0.47; 95% CI: 0.23-0.94; P = 0.032). CONCLUSION: Vitamin B supplementation does not have an effect on cancer incidence, death due to cancer, or total mortality. It is associated with a lower risk of skin melanoma, but has no effect on other cancers.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Suplementos Nutricionais , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Complexo Vitamínico B/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Neoplasias/patologia , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
15.
J Org Chem ; 81(6): 2308-19, 2016 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26937585

RESUMO

Through a surprisingly nonregioselective oxidation process, the reaction of two analogous 2-hydroxy-substituted tribenzotriquinacenes (TBTQs) 8a/8b by o-iodoxybenzoic acid was found to afford the corresponding Cs- and C1-symmetrical TBTQ-o-quinones 6a/6b and 7a/7b, respectively, in 1:1 ratio and excellent combined yields. This finding represents the first example of direct introduction of a functional group into a sterically hindered, inner bay-positions of a parent TBTQ skeleton. In contrast, the analogous reaction with 1-hydroxy-TBTQ 15 failed to produce the desired o-quinone 7a. After reduction of the quinones 6a and 7a to the corresponding catechols 17 and 23, electrophilic aromatic substitution could also be realized at the activated inner bay-position(s) to afford several tri- and tetrafunctionalized TBTQ compounds 18, 21, and 25. The Cs-symmetrical o-quinone 6a was converted into further single-wing extended derivatives such as TBTQ-based phenazines 27a-f, through condensation reactions, and to benzodioxine derivative 32 by Diels-Alder reaction with tetracyclone. The novel TBTQ-quinones and the corresponding TBTQ-catechols offer a variety of new accesses to single-wing-extended and -functionalized TBTQ derivatives.

16.
Tumour Biol ; 37(3): 3757-64, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26468018

RESUMO

The objective of this study is to determine the effects of Rho-associated coiled-coil containing protein kinase (ROCK) inhibitor Y-27632 on the growth, invasion, and migration of Tca8113 and CAL-27 cells in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC). The methods of the study are as follows: After being routinely cultured for 24 h, Tca8113 and CAL-27 cells were treated with Y-27632 solution. The morphological change of Y-27632-treated cells was observed under an optical microscope and an inverted microscope; MTT assay was performed to measure the optical density (OD) of cells and calculate cell growth inhibition rate; the change of apoptosis was detected by AnnexinV-FITC/PI assay; cell invasion and migration were measured by Transwell assay. The results were as follows: (1) With increasing concentration of Y-27632, cell morphology changed and cell apoptosis appeared; (2) MTT assay showed that inhibition effect of Y-27632 on Tca8113 and CAL-27 cells was enhanced with increasing concentrations and time (all P < 0.01); (3) Apoptosis showed that, compared with controls, the number of apoptosis cells in experimental groups was significantly increased (all P < 0.01). Apoptosis rate was elevated with increasing concentrations of Y-27632; (4) Transwell assay showed, after a treatment with Y-27632, the number of migrated and invaded Tca8113 and CAL-27 cells in each group was statistically different (all P < 0.01); compared with controls, the number of migrated cell in groups treated with Y-27632 was decreased and less Tca8113 and CAL-27 cells in experimental groups passed through polycarbonate membrane (all P < 0.05). The study concludes that Y-27632 can inhibit the growth, invasion, and migration of Tca8113 and CAL-27 cells, suggesting that Y-27632 may be therapeutically useful in TSCC.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Piridinas/farmacologia , Quinases Associadas a rho/antagonistas & inibidores , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo
17.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 37(4): 446-50, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26564463

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the morphology of hypertrophic scar tissue and explore the expressions and distribution of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and transforming growth factor beta activated kinase 1(TAK1 )in these tissues. METHOD: Hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson staining,immunofluorescence,and real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to detect the localization and expression of VEGF and TAK1 in 15 hypertrophic scar tissues and 10 normal skin tissues. RESULTS: Morphological observation showed that the dermal fibroblasts in hypertrophic scar were disorderly and densely arranged (compared to the normal skin). Immunofluorescence displayed that the expressions of VEGF and TAK1 in hypertrophic scar tissue were higher than in normal skin tissues. Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed the mRNA expressions of both VEGF and TAK1 were significantly higher in hypertrophic scar tissue than in normal tissue (P<0.01, P<0.05,respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Hypertrophic scar tissue has higher collagen fibrosis degree and higher TAK1 and VEGF expressions than the normal skin. VEGF and TAK1 can be used as the reference indicators for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of hypertrophic scar and serve as new therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Cicatriz Hipertrófica , Forma Celular , Colágeno , Fibroblastos , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
18.
Sci Rep ; 5: 16713, 2015 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26577374

RESUMO

Cervical radiculopathy represents aberrant mechanical hypersensitivity. Primary sensory neuron's ability to sense mechanical force forms mechanotransduction. However, whether this property undergoes activity-dependent plastic changes and underlies mechanical hypersensitivity associated with cervical radiculopathic pain (CRP) is not clear. Here we show a new CRP model producing stable mechanical compression of dorsal root ganglion (DRG), which induces dramatic behavioral mechanical hypersensitivity. Amongst nociceptive DRG neurons, a mechanically sensitive neuron, isolectin B4 negative Aδ-type (IB4(-) Aδ) DRG neuron displays spontaneous activity with hyperexcitability after chronic compression of cervical DRGs. Focal mechanical stimulation on somata of IB4(-) Aδ neuron induces abnormal hypersensitivity. Upregulated HCN1 and HCN3 channels and increased Ih current on this subset of primary nociceptors underlies the spontaneous activity together with neuronal mechanical hypersensitivity, which further contributes to the behavioral mechanical hypersensitivity associated with CRP. This study sheds new light on the functional plasticity of a specific subset of nociceptive DRG neurons to mechanical stimulation and reveals a novel mechanism that could underlie the mechanical hypersensitivity associated with cervical radiculopathy.


Assuntos
Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/fisiopatologia , Canais Disparados por Nucleotídeos Cíclicos Ativados por Hiperpolarização/genética , Mecanotransdução Celular , Nociceptores/metabolismo , Radiculopatia/genética , Radiculopatia/fisiopatologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Expressão Gênica , Genes fos , Hiperalgesia/etiologia , Potenciais da Membrana , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Fibras Nervosas Mielinizadas/metabolismo , Neuralgia/etiologia , Fosforilação , Radiculopatia/complicações , Radiculopatia/etiologia , Ratos , Regulação para Cima
19.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 24(3): 326-30, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26166522

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the expressions of discoidin domain receptor 1(DDR1) and matrix metalloproteinase 2(MMP2) in salivary gland adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) and discuss their significance and correlations with clinicopathological parameters. METHODS: SP immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expressions of DDR1 and MMP2 in 54 samples of SACC and 30 normal salivary gland samples. SPSS 13.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The positive expression rate of DDR1 in SACC was 87.0%, which was significantly higher than that in normal salivary gland tissues (10.0%, P<0.01). The positive expression of DDR1 was related with neural invasion and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The positive expression rate of MMP2 was 68.5% in SACC, which was significantly higher than that in normal group(13.3%, P<0.01). The expression of DDR1 was positively correlated with MMP2 by Spearman rank analysis(r=0.332, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: High expressions of DDR1 and MMP2 correlate with carcinogenesis and progress of SACC. Supported by Research Fund of Science and Technology Project of Liaoning Province (2012225100).


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares , Receptor com Domínio Discoidina 1 , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2015: 580652, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25977924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis investigated the association between functional COX-2 gene polymorphisms and the risk of oral cancer. METHODS: Several electronic databases were searched for published studies using combinations of keywords related to COX-2 gene polymorphisms and oral cancer. After selection of relevant studies, following strict inclusion and exclusion criteria, data was performed using STATA 12.0 software. RESULTS: We retrieved 83 studies from database search using specific search terms. After multiple rounds of selection and elimination, 7 studies were finally identified as suitable to be included in our present meta-analysis, based on their relevance and data integrity. These 7 studies contained a combined total of 2,296 oral cancer patients and 3,647 healthy controls. Our findings demonstrated that +837 T > C (rs5275) polymorphism in COX-2 showed statistically significant differences in gene frequencies in case and control groups in allele model and dominant model. Similar results were obtained with COX-2 gene polymorphism 765 G > C (rs20417). On the other hand, 1195 A > G (rs689466) polymorphism in COX-2 did not confer susceptibility to oral cancers. CONCLUSION: Based on our results, COX-2 gene polymorphisms, +837 T > C (rs5275) and -765G > C (rs20417), showed clear links with oral cancer susceptibility, and the 1195A > G (rs689466) polymorphism did not show such a correlation.


Assuntos
Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Viés de Publicação , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco
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