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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130583, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34303203

RESUMO

Terpenoid metabolism at different developmental stages of Carya cathayensis was elucidated based on LC-MS/MS analysis and multi-omics. Terpenoid metabolites 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphoquinone and 3-hydroxybenzoic acid reached the maximum at 105 days after pollination (DAP) (P2 stage). To reveal the complex mechanism of C. cathayensis embryogenesis in relation to terpenoid metabolites (90-165 DAP), a metabolomic and transcriptional co-expression analysis was conducted. Based on RNA-Seq analysis, 679 genes of 1144 terpenoid biosynthesis were differentially expressed. Six terpenoid metabolites and 86 differentially expressed genes related to terpenoquinone metabolism were identified. Comprehensive analysis of metabolome and transcriptional data revealed that terpenoquinone accumulated in the early phase was active in the later phase. Overall, we profiled the transcriptome and metabolome changes in C. cathayensis during the developmental phase to investigate the metabolic pathways and candidate genes underlying the changes at different growth stages.


Assuntos
Carya , Cromatografia Líquida , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Terpenos , Transcriptoma
2.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741461

RESUMO

Haploidentical allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) is a significant alternative treatment for severe aplastic anaemia (SAA). To improve this process by modifying the risk stratification system, we conducted a retrospective study using our database. 432 SAA patients who received haplo-HSCT between 2006 and 2020 were enrolled. These patients were divided into a training (n = 288) and a validation (n = 144) subset randomly. In the training cohort, longer time from diagnosis to transplantation, poorer Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status and higher haematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) score were independent risk factors for worse treatment-related mortality (TRM) in the final multivariable model. The haplo-HSCT scoring system was developed by these three parameters. Three-year TRM after haplo-HSCT were 6% [95% confidence interval (CI), 1-21%], 21% (95% CI, 7-40%), and 47% (95% CI, 20-70%) for the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk group, respectively (P < 0·0001). In the validation cohort, the haplo-HSCT scoring system also separated patients into three risk groups with increasing risk of TRM: intermediate-risk [hazard ratio (HR) 2·45, 95% CI, 0·92-6·53] and high-risk (HR 11·74, 95% CI, 3·07-44·89) compared with the low-risk group (P = 0·001). In conclusion, the haplo-HSCT scoring system could effectively predict TRM after transplantation.

3.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 37(5): 529-533, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816667

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the changes in the number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells and hypoxia-inducible factors in patients with type 2 diabetes at different altitudes, and to provide a basis for the research and treatment of type 2 diabetes vascular complications. Methods: Selected Type 2 diabetes patients who were diagnosed in a low altitude area of 386 m (Xianyang City) and a high altitude area of 1 520 m (Lanzhou) (25 persons/29 persons) and healthy persons (20 persons/20 persons) were selected. An automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect the indexes of blood lipids, blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin of the two groups of people, and the concentration of Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in peripheral blood was determined by a cytometer. Results: No matter in low or high altitude areas, the number of circulating EPCs in the diabetes group was lower than that in the healthy group (P<0.01). The levels of body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHR), triglyceride (TG), fasting blood glucose (FBG) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc) were increased (P<0.05). Compared with the low-altitude group, the expression levels of HIF-1α in diabetic patients at high-altitude and healthy people were increased significantly (P<0.05), while the number of circulating EPCs was decreased significantly (P<0.05), and the number of circulating EPCs in healthy people or the patients with type 2 diabetes without vascular complications was higher than that of patients with type 2 diabetes with vascular complications (P<0.05). Conclusion: With the increase in altitude, the expression level of HIF-1α in type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)patients is increased, and the number of circulating EPCs is decreased, which is closely related to the degree of vascular disease. Therefore, it is possible through transplantation of EPCs for high altitude T2DM patients to achieve the prevention and improvement of diabetic vascular complications.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Altitude , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia
4.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34825483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Docetaxel (DTX) exhibits antitumor effects against breast cancer by stabilizing microtubules and increasing the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). DTX extravasation during infusion often causes skin injury. The present study aimed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of icaritin (ICT) on DTX-induced skin injury. METHODS: The effects of ICT on the viability and apoptosis of HaCaT cells were measured by SRB assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Endogenous LC3 puncta and microtubules were determined by immunofluorescence. The number of mitochondria was measured by MitoTracker orange staining. ROS were determined by dihydroethidium staining. The expression of markers of ROS and autophagy were measured by western blotting. Chloroquine, compound D, and tamoxifen were employed as the inhibitor for autophagy and AMPK, estrogen receptors (ERs) modulator, respectively. RESULTS: DTX inhibited the viability and decreased apoptosis of HaCaT cells, which can be rescued by ICT. ICT decreased microtubule bundles, increased the number of mitochondria, and attenuated ROS of HaCaT cells induced by DTX. ICT blocks autophagy and the autophagic flux. Compound C or tamoxifen diminished the protection effects of ICT on DTX-treated HaCaT cells. CONCLUSION: ICT alleviates DTX-induced skin injury by suppressing ROS, reducing microtubule bundles, and blocking autophagy via ERs. Our study indicated that ICT may be a potential candidate for DTX-induced skin injury.

5.
Cancer Med ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34816621

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The careHPV test as a primary screening method for cervical cancer has been proven to be the best option for Uyghur women in Xinjiang in a previous study. In this research, we aim to discuss the appropriate age for Uyghur women in Xinjiang to be screened for cervical cancer using careHPV. METHODS: Eleven thousand women aged 20-69 years old (mean age 38.93 ± 9.74) from South Xinjiang were screened using careHPV and liquid-based cytology, and the positive results were referred for colposcopy and cervical biopsy. A questionnaire regarding basic social characteristics, sexual practices, and reproductive history was administered to each woman. The age-specific prevalence of HPV positivity, cytology abnormality, and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2+ in ≥25, ≥30, and ≥35 age groups were analyzed, and the diagnostic value of careHPV in the three age groups was evaluated. The chi-squared test was used to compare the differences between age groups. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve were calculated. RESULTS: The women were mostly married (76.3%) and delivered at 15-19 years of age (61.4%). The HPV infection rate was 9.15% and detection rates of CIN2+ and invasive cervical cancer were 1.53% (1530/100,000) and 0.25% (250/100,000), respectively. The first peak of HPV(+) appeared at the age of 30-34, while CIN2+ appeared at 35-39. CareHPV performed similarly well in the three age groups. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of our study, Uyghur women in Xinjiang should be recommended to initiate cervical cancer screening at the age of 30 years when screened using careHPV.

7.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668044

RESUMO

This review is an update of two previous ones focusing on the limit of detection of electrochemical nucleic acid biosensors allowing direct detection of nucleic acid target (miRNA, mRNA, DNA) after hybridization event. A classification founded on the nature of the electrochemical transduction pathway is established. It provides an overall picture of the detection limit evolution of the various sensor architectures developed during the last three decades and a critical report of recent strategies.

8.
Theranostics ; 11(19): 9605-9622, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646389

RESUMO

Rationale: Recurrent and metastatic cancers often undergo a period of dormancy, which is closely associated with cellular quiescence, a state whereby cells exit the cell cycle and are reversibly arrested in G0 phase. Curative cancer treatment thus requires therapies that either sustain the dormant state of quiescent cancer cells, or preferentially, eliminate them. However, the mechanisms responsible for the survival of quiescent cancer cells remain obscure. Methods: Dual genome-editing was carried out using a CRISPR/Cas9-based system to label endogenous p27 and Ki67 with the green and red fluorescent proteins EGFP and mCherry, respectively, in melanoma cells. Analysis of transcriptomes of isolated EGFP-p27highmCherry-Ki67low quiescent cells was conducted at bulk and single cell levels using RNA-sequencing. The extracellular acidification rate and oxygen consumption rate were measured to define metabolic phenotypes. SiRNA and inducible shRNA knockdown, chromatin immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays were employed to elucidate mechanisms of the metabolic switch in quiescent cells. Results: Dual labelling of endogenous p27 and Ki67 with differentiable fluorescent probes allowed for visualization, isolation, and analysis of viable p27highKi67low quiescent cells. Paradoxically, the proto-oncoprotein c-Myc, which commonly drives malignant cell cycle progression, was expressed at relatively high levels in p27highKi67low quiescent cells and supported their survival through promoting mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). In this context, c-Myc selectively transactivated genes encoding OXPHOS enzymes, including subunits of isocitric dehydrogenase 3 (IDH3), whereas its binding to cell cycle progression gene promoters was decreased in quiescent cells. Silencing of c-Myc or the catalytic subunit of IDH3, IDH3α, preferentially killed quiescent cells, recapitulating the effect of treatment with OXPHOS inhibitors. Conclusion: These results establish a rigorous experimental system for investigating cellular quiescence, uncover the high selectivity of c-Myc in activating OXPHOS genes in quiescent cells, and propose OXPHOS targeting as a potential therapeutic avenue to counter cancer cells in quiescence.

9.
Curr Opin Pharmacol ; 60: 281-290, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500407

RESUMO

Nutraceuticals activating the Kelch-like epichlorohydrin (ECH)-associated protein 1 (Keap1)-nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-antioxidant response element (ARE) pathway are widely used for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) because no specific drugs are approved yet. The pathology of NAFLD is summarized as the 'two-hit' hypothesis. The 'first hit' includes insulin resistance and lipid accumulation. Oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, and inflammation are regarded as the 'second hit'. Now there is controversial evidence about the roles of the Keap1-Nrf2-ARE pathway and its activators in NAFLD. When the 'first hit' occurs, the hepatocyte-specific Nrf2 deficiency reduces insulin resistance and significantly attenuates lipid accumulation. However, when the 'second hit' occurs, Nrf2 activation reduces oxidative stress and combats inflammation. We reviewed the roles of the Keap1-Nrf2-ARE pathway as a double-edged sword in the development of NAFLD, its inhibitors as a novel therapeutic approach for early NAFLD, and the nutraceutical character of its activators.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Elementos de Resposta Antioxidante , Epicloroidrina , Humanos , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(9): 2772-2774, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471700

RESUMO

Abies forrestii is endemic to southwest China and ecologically important as a major component of the cold temperate forests. This study was the first report complete chloroplast (cp) genome of A. forrestii. The complete chloroplast genome was 120,022 bp in size. In total, 114 genes were identified, including 68 peptide-encoding genes, 35 tRNA genes, four rRNA genes, six open reading frames and one pseudogene. Thirteen genes contain introns. In phylogenetic analysis, A. forrestii was found to be closely related with A. nukiangensis, A. fanjingshanensis and A. delavayi subsp. fansipanensis. Our study will provide potential genetic resources for further evolutionary studies of this ecologically important species.

11.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 720605, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540920

RESUMO

Background: Invasive blood pressure (IBP) measurement is common in the intensive care unit, although its association with in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients with hypertension is poorly understood. Methods and Results: A total of 11,732 critically ill patients with hypertension from the eICU-Collaborative Research Database (eICU-CRD) were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether they received IBP. The primary outcome in this study was in-hospital mortality. Propensity score matching (PSM) and inverse probability of treatment weighing (IPTW) models were used to balance the confounding covariates. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between IBP measurement and hospital mortality. The IBP group had a higher in-hospital mortality rate than the no IBP group in the primary cohort [238 (8.7%) vs. 581 (6.5%), p < 0.001]. In the PSM cohort, the IBP group had a lower in-hospital mortality rate than the no IBP group [187 (8.0%) vs. 241 (10.3%), p = 0.006]. IBP measurement was associated with lower in-hospital mortality in the PSM cohort (odds ratio, 0.73, 95% confidence interval, 0.59-0.92) and in the IPTW cohort (odds ratio, 0.81, 95% confidence interval, 0.67-0.99). Sensitivity analyses showed similar results in the subgroups with high body mass index and no sepsis. Conclusions: In conclusion, IBP measurement was associated with lower in-hospital mortality in critically ill patients with hypertension, highlighting the importance of IBP measurement in the intensive care unit.

12.
Front Psychol ; 12: 573590, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408688

RESUMO

Due to the impact of COVID-19, universities are forced to suspend their classes, which begin to depend on the usage of online teaching. To investigate the relationship among e-learning self-efficacy, monitoring, willpower, attitude, motivation, strategy, and the e-learning effectiveness of college students in the context of online education during the outbreak of COVID-19. A 519 first- to fifth-year undergraduate students from a medical university were selected for the research in this study. Structural equation model (SEM) was used for a data analysis, which led to the results showing that: (1) e-learning self-efficacy and monitoring have significant positive influence on e-learning strategy, and indirectly influence e-learning effectiveness through e-learning strategy; (2) e-learning willpower and attitude have a significant positive influence on e-learning motivations, and indirectly influence e-learning effectiveness through e-learning motivation and strategy; (3) e-learning motivation is having significant influence on e-learning effectiveness, while e-learning strategy is playing a mediating role; (4) There is a significant positive correlation between e-learning strategy and e-learning effectiveness; and (5) The presence of e-learning experience has a moderating influence on e-learning effectiveness as well as its influential factors. Results from this study provide the necessary information as to how higher education institutions and students can enhance students' effectiveness of the e-learning system in order to support the usage of online technologies in the learning and teaching process. These results offer important implications for online learning effectiveness.

13.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 206(2): 196-207, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382213

RESUMO

Elderly individuals exhibit unbalanced bone marrow (BM) effector T cell subset differentiation, such as increased T helper type 1 (Th1) and T cytotoxic type 1 (Tc1) cell frequencies, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. Endothelial cells (ECs), which are instructive components of the BM microenvironment, exhibit the phenotype of semi-professional antigen-presenting cells and regulate T cell recruitment and activation. Thus, we compared the frequency and function of BM ECs, especially their capacity to regulate effector T cell subsets, between young and elderly healthy individuals, and explored the underlying mechanism of this immunomodulatory discrepancy. Although the young and elderly EC percentages were comparable, young ECs showed fewer reactive oxygen species and better migratory and tube-forming abilities than elderly ECs. Notably, increased T cell activation molecules and inflammatory cytokines were found in elderly ECs which regulated T cells to differentiate into more proinflammatory T cells, including Th1 and Tc1 cells, than young ECs.

14.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 709197, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34394165

RESUMO

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) has always been known as a health-promoting oilseed crop because of its nutrient-rich oil. In recent years, studies have focused on lipid and fatty acid (FA) biosynthesis in various plants by high-throughput sequencing. Here, we integrated transcriptomics, small RNAs, and the degradome to establish a comprehensive reserve intensive on key regulatory micro RNA (miRNA)-targeting circuits to better understand the transcriptional and translational regulation of the oil biosynthesis mechanism in sesame seed development. Deep sequencing was performed to differentially express 220 miRNAs, including 65 novel miRNAs, in different developmental periods of seeds. GO and integrated KEGG analysis revealed 32 pairs of miRNA targets with negatively correlated expression profiles, of which 12 miRNA-target pairs were further confirmed by RT-PCR. In addition, a regulatory co-expression network was constructed based on the differentially expressed gene (DEG) profiles. The FAD2, LOC10515945, LOC105161564, and LOC105162196 genes were clustered into groups that regulate the accumulation of unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) biosynthesis. The results provide a unique advanced molecular platform for the study of lipid and FA biosynthesis, and this study may serve as a new theoretical reference to obtain increased levels of UFA from higher-quality sesame seed cultivars and other plants.

15.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341511

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common chronic liver disease that is increasingly prevalent worldwide. Liver inflammation is an important contributor to disease progression from nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to NASH, but there is a lack of efficient therapies. In the current study we evaluated the therapeutic potential of givinostat, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, in the treatment of NASH in vivo and in vitro. Liver inflammation was induced in mice by feeding a methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD) or a fructose, palmitate, cholesterol diet (FPC). The mice were treated with givoinostat (10 mg·kg-1·d-1, ip) for 8 or 10 weeks. At the end of the experiment, the livers were harvested for analysis. We showed that givoinostat administration significantly alleviated inflammation and attenuated hepatic fibrosis in MCD-induced NASH mice. RNA-seq analysis of liver tissues form MCD-fed mice revealed that givinostat potently blocked expression of inflammation-related genes and regulated a broad set of lipid metabolism-related genes. In human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 and human derived fetal hepatocyte cell line L02, givinostat significantly decreased palmitic acid-induced intracellular lipid accumulation. The benefit of givinostat was further confirmed in FPC-induced NASH mice. Givinostat administration significantly attenuated hepatic steatosis, inflammation as well as liver injury in this mouse model. In conclusion, givinostat is efficacious in reversing diet-induced NASH, and may serve as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of human NASH.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281204

RESUMO

Verticillium dahliae is a soil-borne plant pathogenic fungus that causes Verticillium wilt on hundreds of dicotyledonous plant species. V. dahliae is considered an asexually (clonal) reproducing fungus, although both mating type idiomorphs (MAT1-1 and MAT1-2) are present, and is heterothallic. Most of the available information on V. dahliae strains, including their biology, pathology, and genomics comes from studies on isolates with the MAT1-2 idiomorph, and thus little information is available on the MAT1-1 V. dahliae strains in the literature. We therefore evaluated the growth responses of MAT1-1 and MAT1-2 V. dahliae strains to various stimuli. Growth rates and melanin production in response to increased temperature, alkaline pH, light, and H2O2 stress were higher in the MAT1-2 strains than in the MAT1-1 strains. In addition, the MAT1-2 strains showed an enhanced ability to degrade complex polysaccharides, especially starch, pectin, and cellulose. Furthermore, several MAT1-2 strains from both potato and sunflower showed increased virulence on their original hosts, relative to their MAT1-1 counterparts. Thus, compared to MAT1-1 strains, MAT1-2 strains derive their potentially greater fitness from an increased capacity to adapt to their environment and exhibit higher virulence. These competitive advantages might explain the current abundance of MAT1-2 strains relative to MAT1-1 strains in the agricultural and sylvicultural ecosystems, and this study provides the baseline information on the two mating idiomorphs to study sexual reproduction in V. dahliae under natural and laboratory conditions.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Ascomicetos/genética , Ascomicetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Genes Fúngicos Tipo Acasalamento , Genômica , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Reprodução Assexuada , Virulência
17.
Plant Cell Rep ; 40(10): 1831-1844, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230985

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: MiR394 plays a negative role in tomato resistance to late blight. The lncRNA40787 severing as an eTM for miR394 to regulate LCR and exerting functions in tomato resistance. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), which was used as model species for studying the mechanism of plant disease defense, is susceptible to multiple pathogens. Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) has a pivotal role in plants response to biological stresses. It has previously been observed that the expression level of miR394 changed significantly after the infection of various pathogens. However, there has been no detailed investigation of the accumulated or suppressed mechanism of miR394. Our previous study predicted three lncRNAs (lncRNA40787, lncRNA27177, and lncRNA42566) that contain miR394 endogenous target mimics (eTM), which may exist as the competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) of miR394. In our study, the transcription levels of these three lncRNAs were strongly up-regulated in tomato upon infection with P. infestans. In contrast with the three lncRNAs, the accumulation of miR394 was significantly suppressed. Based on the expression pattern, and value of minimum free energy (mfes) that represents the binding ability between lncRNA and miRNA, lncRNA40787 was chosen for further investigation. Results showed that overexpression of lncRNA40787 reduced the expression of miR394 along with decreased lesion area and enhanced disease resistance. Overexpression of miR394, however, decreased the expression of its target gene Leaf Curling Responsiveness (LCR), and suppressed the synthesis components genes of jasmonic acid (JA), depressing the resistance of tomato to P. infestans infection. Taken together, our findings indicated that miR394 can be decoyed by lncRNA40787, and negatively regulated the expression of LCR to enhance tomato susceptibility under P. infestans infection. Our study provided detailed information on the lncRNA40787-miR394-LCR regulatory network and serves as a reference for future research.

18.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(10): 870.e1-870.e7, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229053

RESUMO

Late-onset severe pneumonia (LOSP) is defined as severe pneumonia developing during the late phase of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Because of the high mortality in patients with LOSP, it is important to identify prognostic factors. In this study, we aimed to develop a risk score system with broad applicability that can help predict the risk of LOSP-associated mortality. We retrospectively analyzed 100 patients with LOSP after allo-HSCT between June 2009 and July 2017. The assessment variables included immune, nutritional, and metabolic parameters at the onset of LOSP. Of these 100 patients, 45 (45%) eventually died, and 55 (55%) were positive for organisms, most commonly viruses. In the multivariate analysis, higher monocyte count (≥0.20 × 109/L versus <0.20 × 109/L; P = .001), higher albumin level (≥30.5 g/L versus <30.5 g/L; P = .044), lower lactic dehydrogenase level (<250 U/L versus ≥250 U/L; P = .008) and lower blood urea nitrogen concentration (<7.2 mmol/L versus ≥7.2 mmol/L; P = .026) at the onset of LOSP were significantly associated with better 60-day survival. A risk score system based on the foregoing results showed that the probability of 60-day survival decreased with increasing risk factors, from 96.3% in the low-risk group to 49.1% in the intermediate-risk group and 12.5% in the high-risk group. Our results indicate that this scoring system using 4 variables can stratify patients with different probabilities of survival after LOSP, which suggests that patients' immune, nutritional, and metabolic status are crucial factors in determining outcome.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Pneumonia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo
19.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(3): 373-383, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34221923

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Lipid accumulation is the major characteristic of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, the prevalence of which continues to rise. We aimed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of icaritin on lipid accumulation. Methods: Cells were treated with icaritin at 0.7, 2.2, 6.7, or 20 µM for 24 h. The effects on lipid accumulation in L02 and Huh-7 cells were detected by Bodipy and oil red O staining, respectively. Mitochondria biogenesis of L02 cells was detected by MitoTracker Orange staining. Glucose uptake and adenosine triphosphate content of 3T3-L1 adipocytes and C2C12 myotubes were detected. The expression levels of proteins in the adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway, biomarkers of autophagy, and mitochondria biogenesis were measured by western blotting. LC3 puncta were detected by immunofluorescence. Results: Icaritin significantly attenuated lipid accumulation in L02 and Huh-7 cells and boosted the mitochondria biogenesis of L02 cells. Icaritin enhanced glucose uptake, decreased adenosine triphosphate content, and activated the AMPK signaling pathway in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and C2C12 myotubes. Icaritin boosted autophagy and also enhanced the initiation of autophagic flux in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and C2C12 myoblasts. However, icaritin decreased autophagy and promoted mitochondria biogenesis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and C2C12 myotubes. Conclusions: Icaritin attenuates lipid accumulation by increasing energy expenditure and regulating autophagy by activating the AMPK pathway.

20.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34200734

RESUMO

A simple, rapid, accurate, and selective quantitative method based on 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (qNMR) was successfully established and developed for assessing the purity of dipotassium glycyrrhizinate (KG). In this study, using potassium hydrogen phthalate and fumaric acid as internal standard (IS), several important experimental parameters, such as relaxation delay and pulse angle, were explored. Reliability, specificity, linearity, limit of quantification, precision, stability, and accuracy were also validated. Calibration results obtained from qNMR were consistent with those obtained from HPLC coupled with ultraviolet detection. The proposed method, independent of the reference standard substance, is a useful, reliable, and practical protocol for the determination of KG and glycyrrhizin analogs.

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