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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150333

RESUMO

Recently, growing evidence has shown that aberrant long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression in conjunction with an impaired trophoblastic phenotype could implicate the pathological process of pre-eclampsia (PE). However, only a small portion of lncRNAs has been characterized with regard to the function and molecular mechanisms involved in PE. There are still gaps in the available knowledge; as a result, there are currently only a few applicable treatments for PE in the context of lncRNA. Here, we found that lncRNA AGAP2-AS1 is abnormally down-regulated in severe PE placenta tissues. Using human trophoblasts, we established that AGAP2-AS1 knockdown could inhibit trophoblasts proliferation and invasion and promote cell apoptosis. Further, we showed that overexpression of AGAP2-AS1 substantially stimulated the development of the trophoblastic phenotype. Through high-throughput sequencing analysis, we demonstrated that silencing of AGAP2-AS1 favourably regulated various genes which are relevant to trophoblastic growth and invasion. Mechanistically, AGAP2-AS1 promoted the suppressor protein, Jun dimerization protein 2 (JDP2), by sponging miR-574-5p. Resultantly, further impairment of the trophoblastic phenotype was achieved by way of inhibiting cell growth, apoptosis and invasion. We also determined that the expression of AGAP2-AS1 could be mediated by FOXP1. Our results showed that the down-regulated expression of lncRNA AGAP2-AS1 might serve as a key suppressor in PE via inhibition of JDP2 at the post-transcriptional level by competing for miR-574; thus, this presents a novel therapeutic strategy for PE.

2.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32203240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the effects of the weight status at birth and preschool age on the risk of elevated blood pressure (EBP) in early childhood, and whether the effects can be modified by breastfeeding duration remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the effects of high birth weight (HBW) with overweight/obese or abdominal obesity on the risk of EBP in preschoolers, and further evaluate the effects classified by breastfeeding duration (<6 and ≥6 months). SUBJECTS/METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018 in Zhuhai, China. Out of 2390 3-4-year-old preschoolers originally recruited, a total of 1899 were included in the analysis. Logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the effects of the weight status at the two age points and breastfeeding duration on the risk of EBP. RESULTS: Preschoolers with current overweight/obese had a 1.13-fold increased risk of EBP than those with persistent normal weight, irrespective of their birth weight. However, the preschoolers with HBW had no increased risk of EBP, when they became normal weight (OR 1.70, 0.78-3.72). Similar results were found for the current abdominal obesity and the risk of EBP. In addition, the EBP risk of obese status was minimized if preschoolers were breastfed for ≥6 months. CONCLUSIONS: Obesity status at preschool age can increase the risk of EBP, irrespective of birth weight. However, this EBP risk can be mitigated if HBW changes to current normal weight. Longer breastfeeding duration can partially offset the risk of EBP in preschoolers with obesity status.

3.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193858

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS: Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is a new predictor for acute pancreatitis (AP). AIMS: To assess the predictive value of Ang-2 in determining the progress of AP and the subsequent acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI). METHODS: This was a prospective study that enrolled 170 patients with AP and 100 healthy controls. Blood samples were collected within 24 h of the onset of AP. RESULTS: The majority (108) of the patients were categorized as having MAP with the rest (62) classified as suffering from SAP. Considering AGI grading, there were 118 grade 1 and 12 grade 4 patients; in grades 2 and 3, there were 20 patients each. AP was accompanied by MODS and pancreatic necrosis in 46 and 24 cases, respectively. Eighty patients were admitted to the ICU, while mortality was reported among 7.1% patients. The plasma Ang-2 levels were higher among patients with AP than in controls. A similar trend prevailed, in patients with SAP compared to those with MAP. Ang-2 was significantly increased from AGI grade 1 through to grade 4, showing a desirable positive predictive accuracy. Moreover, Ang-2 also showed strong correlations with intestinal permeability as evaluated by d-lactate (DLA), diamine oxidase (DAO), and intestinal fatty acid binding proteins (I-FABPs). Tools (Ranson and APACHE II scores, CRP), which are used more conventionally, could not effectively distinguish the various grades of AGI. Furthermore, Ang-2 predicted poor prognosis and adverse outcomes, including mortality, among patients with AP. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed Ang-2 to be an accurate early predictor for SAP, AGI, and intestinal barrier dysfunction, outperforming conventional biomarkers. Ang-2 levels also predicted the adverse outcomes and mortality due to AP.

4.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 933-947, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32184562

RESUMO

Introduction: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) provides unique advantages for treatment of ischemic stroke, an aging-related vascular disease. Shengmai powder (GRS) is composed of three active components, specifically, ginsenoside Rb1, ruscogenin and schisandrin A, at a ratio of 6:0.75:6. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of GRS on blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction under conditions of middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion (MCAO/R). Methods: C57BL/6J mice subjected to MCAO/R were used as a model to assess the protective effects of varying doses of GRS (6.4, 12.8, and 19.2 mg/kg) on BBB dysfunction. Results: GRS reduced cerebral infarct volume and degree of brain tissue damage, improved behavioral scores, decreased water content and BBB permeability, and restored cerebral blood flow. Moreover, GRS promoted expression of zona occludens-1 (ZO-1) and claudin-5 while inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase 2/9 (MMP-2/9) expression and myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation. In vitro, GRS (1, 10, and 100 ng/mL) enhanced the viability of bEnd.3 cells subjected to oxygen glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) and decreased sodium fluorescein permeability. Conclusion: Consistent with in vivo findings, ZO-1 and claudin-5 were significantly upregulated by GRS in bEnd.3 cells under OGD/R and MMP-2/9 levels and MLC phosphorylation reduced through the Rho-associated coil-forming protein kinase (ROCK)/cofilin signaling pathway. Based on the collective findings, we propose that the TCM compound, GRS, plays a protective role against I/R-induced BBB dysfunction.

5.
Br J Nutr ; : 1-22, 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32213225

RESUMO

We aimed to evaluate the relationship of plasma magnesium with the risk of new-onset hyperuricemia, and examine any possible effect modifiers in hypertensive patients. This is a post-hoc analysis of the Uric acid (UA) Sub-study of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT). A total of 1685 participants were included in the current study. The main outcome was new-onset hyperuricemia defined as a UA concentration ≥417 µmol/L in men or ≥357 µmol/L in women. The secondary outcome was a change in UA concentration defined as UA at the exit visit minus that at baseline. During a median follow-up duration of 4.3 years, new-onset hyperuricemia occurred in 290 (17.2%) participants. There was a significantly inverse relation of plasma magnesium with the risk of new-onset hyperuricemia (per SD increment; OR, 0.85; 95%CI: 0.74, 0.99) and change in UA levels (per SD increment; ß, -3.96 µmol/L; 95%CI: -7.14, -0.79). Consistently, when plasma magnesium was analyzed as tertiles, a significantly lower risk of new-onset hyperuricemia (OR, 0.67; 95%CI: 0.48, 0.95) and less increase in UA levels (ß, -8.35µmol/L; 95%CI: -16.12, -0.58) were found among participants in tertile 3 (≥885.5 µmol/L) compared with those in tertile 1 (<818.9 µmol/L). Similar trends were found in males and females. Higher plasma magnesium levels were associated with a decreased risk of new-onset hyperuricemia in hypertensive adults.

6.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32216018

RESUMO

The RAV (Related to ABI3/Viviparous 1) group of transcription factors (TFs) play multifaceted roles in plant development and stress responses. Here, we show that strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) FaRAV1 positively regulates anthocyanin accumulation during fruit ripening via a hierarchy of activation processes. Dual-luciferase assay screening of all fruit-expressed AP2/ERFs showed FaRAV1 had the highest transcriptional activation of the promoter of FaMYB10, a key activator of anthocyanin biosynthesis. Yeast one-hybrid and electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that FaRAV1 could directly bind to the promoter of FaMYB10. Transient overexpression of FaRAV1 in strawberry fruit increased FaMYB10 expression and anthocyanin production significantly. Correspondingly, transient RNA interference-induced silencing of FaRAV1 led to decreases in FaMYB10 expression and anthocyanin content. Transcriptome analysis of FaRAV1-overexpressing strawberry fruit revealed that transcripts of phenylpropanoid and flavonoid biosynthesis pathway genes were up-regulated. Luciferase assays showed that FaRAV1 could also activate the promoters of strawberry anthocyanin biosynthetic genes directly, revealing a second level of FaRAV1 action in promoting anthocyanin accumulation. These results show that FaRAV1 stimulates anthocyanin accumulation in strawberry both by direct activation of anthocyanin pathway gene promoters and by upregulation of FaMYB10, which also positively regulates these genes.

7.
Molecules ; 25(7)2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32218351

RESUMO

Lactoferrin (Lf) is a conserved iron-binding glycoprotein with antimicrobial activity, which is present in secretions that recover mucosal sites regarded as portals of invaded pathogens. Although numerous studies have focused on exogenous Lf, little is known about its expression of endogenous Lf upon bacterial infection. In this study, we investigated the distribution of Lf in mice intestine during Escherichia coli (E. coli) K88 infection. PCR and immunohistology staining showed that mRNA levels of Lf significantly increased in duodenum, ileum and colon, but extremely decreased in jejunum at 8 h and 24 h after infection. Meanwhile, endogenous Lf was mostly located in the lamina propria of intestine villi, while Lf receptor (LfR) was in the crypts. It suggested that endogenous Lf-LfR interaction might not be implicated in the antibacterial process. In addition, it was interesting to find that the infiltration of neutrophils into intestine tissues was changed similarly to Lf expression. It indicated that the variations of Lf expression were rather due to an equilibrium between the recruitment of neutrophils and degranulation of activated neutrophils. Thus, this new knowledge will pave the way to a more effective understanding of the role of Lf in intestinal mucosal immunity.

8.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219871

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel type of highly contagious pneumonia caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Despite the strong efforts taken to control the epidemic, hundreds of thousands of people were infected worldwide by Mar. 11th , and was characterized as a pandemic by World Health Organization. Pregnant women are more susceptible to the virus due to immune and anatomic alteration, though hospital visits may increase the chance of infection, the lack of medical care during pregnancy may do more harm. Hence, a well-managed system that allows pregnant women to access maternal health care with minimum exposure risk is desired during the outbreak. Here, we present the managing processes of three pregnant women that had a fever during hospitalization at gynecology or obstetrics department, then further summarize and demonstrate our maternal health care management strategies including antenatal care planning, patient triage based on risk level, admission control, and measures counteracting emergencies and newly discovered high risk cases at in-patient department. In the meantime, we will explain the alterations we have done throughout different stages of the epidemic, and also review relative articles in both Chinese and English to compare our strategies with those of other areas. Although tens of COVID-19 cases were confirmed in our hospital, no nosocomial infection has occurred and none of the pregnant woman registered in our hospital was reported to be infected. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
J Plant Physiol ; 246-247: 153135, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114414

RESUMO

Heat shock transcription factors (Hsfs) play an important role in regulating heat stress response in plants. Our previous study found that there were 82 non-redundant Hsfs in wheat, 18 of which belonged to subclass A2. In this study, we cloned an A2 member, TaHsfA2-1, which encoded a protein of 346 amino acid residues in wheat. The fusion protein TaHsfA2-1-GFP was localized in the nucleus under normal growth conditions. TaHsfA2-1 was expressed in nearly all the measured tissues, most highly in mature leaves. The expression level of TaHsfA2-1 can be enhanced by heat stress, PEG stress, and signal molecules such as H2O2 and SA. Yeast cells transformed with TaHsfA2-1 improved thermotolerance compared to those with the empty vector. TaHsfA2-1-overexpressing Arabidopsis displayed a better growth state with more green leaves than wild-type seedlings after heat stress. Accordingly, the chlorophyll content and survival rate in the transgenic lines were higher than in the wild type, and relative conductivity in the transgenic lines was lower than in the wild type. Further research found that TaHsfA2-1-overexpressing Arabidopsis up-regulated the expression of some heat shock protein genes (Hsps) compared to wild type after heat stress. These results suggested that TaHsfA2-1 is a new gene that improves thermotolerance in plants by mediating the expression of Hsps. A functional gene was provided for molecular breeding in the subsequent research.

10.
Transplant Proc ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146020

RESUMO

AIM: It has been reported that heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is upregulated during hepatocyte proliferation. Herein, we used a half-size liver transplantation (HSLT) model to study the impact of HO-1 on liver grafts proliferation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that HO-1 has been characterized as a regulator of liver graft regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Saline and tin protoporphyrin (SnPP, a HO-1 competitive inhibitor) were separately administered in vehicle and SnPP group before rats HSLT. Plasma samples were collected at 0, 1, 3, and 5 days after HSLT for liver function analysis. Liver tissues were obtained at 0, 1, 3, and 5 days after HSLT for analyses of histologic, apoptosis, and proliferation index by immunohistochemical, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blotting. RESULTS: HO-1 level was upregulated by the treatment of HSLT along with accelerated liver proliferation, which was reversed by SnPP. The reduced regeneration by SnPP lead to higher Suzuki's scores, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase levels. The interleukin-6 levels, p-Stat3/t-Stat3, c-myc, and c-jun were decreased in the SnPP group than the vehicle group. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that inhibition of HO-1 mitigates liver regeneration in part by downregulation of an interleukin-6/Stat3 axis. Targeted specific pharmacologic induction of HO-1 may be applicable in clinical practice.

11.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130439

RESUMO

Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (PPGL) are rare neuroendocrine tumors arising from adrenal and extra-adrenal chromaffin cells. They produce excessive amounts of catecholamines and their metabolites. A newly analytical procedure based on the semi-automated microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) technique, using a digitally controlled syringe (eVol) combined with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), was developed to quantify free urinary catecholamines and metanephrines. The important parameters affecting MEPS performance, namely the type of sorbent material (porous graphitized carbon (PGC), polar enhanced polymer (PEP), cation-exchange (CX) and C18), number of extraction cycles, and elution solvent system, were evaluated. The optimal experimental conditions involved the loading of sample mixture in seven extraction cycles through a C18 sorbent in a MEPS syringe, followed by using elution solutions (water/acetonitrile/formic acid, 95/4.75/0.25). The entire sample preparation took about 4 min. Chromatographic separation was well achieved with an HSS PFP column using the gradient elution. The linearity range of the method was 0.167-33.4 ng/mL for epinephrine, 0.650-130 ng/mL for norepinephrine, 1.53-306 ng/mL for dopamine, 1.34-268 ng/mL for metanephrine, 3.43-686 ng/mL for normetanephrine, and 1.33-265 ng/mL for 3-methoxytyramine. The intra- and interassay precisions were ≤ 12.8%, and the respective accuracies were 88.4-112.0% and 89.0-109.5%. The carryover and sample stability without acidification were also investigated. Validation using clinical urine specimens showed that the proposed method had higher sensitivity compared with other urinary biochemical tests. The developed MEPS-LC-MS/MS method was simple, fast, and cost-effective; it helped to obtain information about multiple metabolites. It is applicable in routine clinical laboratories for the screening of PPGL. Graphical abstract.

12.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1198, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125788

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital aniridia is a severe ocular abnormality characterized by incomplete formation of the iris and many other ocular complications. Most cases are caused by the paired box 6 (PAX6) gene mutations generating premature termination codons (PTCs). METHODS: Ophthalmic examination was performed on a Chinese pedigree with congenital aniridia. The mutation was identified by targeted next-generation sequencing. Nonsense suppression therapy was applied on patient-derived lymphocytes. The PAX6 expression was assayed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. RESULTS: Complete aniridia was complicated with horizontal nystagmus, contract, foveal hypoplasia, and microphthalmia. A novel heterozygous c.702_703delinsAT (p.Tyr234*) mutation was found in exon 9 of PAX6, generating a PTC at the homeodomain. There were about 50% reductions of both full-length PAX6 protein and PAX6 mRNA in patient-derived lymphocytes, indicating haploinsufficiency due to nonsense-mediated mRNA decay. Ataluren (PTC124) and geneticin (G418) could induce about 30%-40% translational readthrough. Nonsense suppression therapy restored PAX6 protein to about 65%-70% of unaffected family controls. CONCLUSION: Our data expanded the genetic and phenotypic variations of congenital aniridia, and showed the therapeutic effect of nonsense suppression on this disease using patient-derived cells.

13.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 14: 331-346, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32158189

RESUMO

Purpose: Monoammonium glycyrrhizinate (MAG) is an aglycone of glycyrrhizin that is found in licorice and is often used clinically as an injection to treat liver diseases. However, the effect of MAG injection on cardiac function and its possible cellular mechanisms remain unclear. We explored the protective effects of MAG against myocardial ischemic injury (MII) induced by isoproterenol (ISO), as well as the cellular mechanisms via molecular biology techniques and patch-clamp recording. Methods: A rat model of myocardial ischemia injury was induced by administering ISO (85 mg/kg) subcutaneously for 2 consecutive days. ECG, cardiac functional parameters, CK and LDH levels, SOD and GSH activities, MDA concentration, histological myocardium inspection, mitochondria ultrastructure changes, intracellular calcium concentrations were observed. Influences of MAG on ICa-L and contraction in isolated rat myocytes were observed by the patch-clamp technique. Results: MAG reduced damage, improved cardiac morphology, inhibited oxidative stress, decreased the generation of reactive oxygen species, and decreased intracellular Ca2+ concentration. Exposure of the rats' ventricular myocytes to MAG resulted in a concentration-dependent reduction in L-type calcium currents (ICa-L). MAG reduced ICa-L in a consistent and time-dependent fashion with a semi-maximal prohibitive concentration of MAG of 14 µM. MAG also shifted the I-V curve of ICa-L upwards and moved the activation and inactivation curves of ICa-L to the left. Conclusion: The findings indicate that MAG injection exerts a protective influence on ISO-induced MII by inhibiting oxidative stress and regulating Ca2+ homeostasis by ICa-L.

14.
J Neural Eng ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32163933

RESUMO

Previous literatures have reported that working memory (WM) may be affected by emotions and the effect may exist in different stages of WM. However, up till now, it remains controversial whether emotions inhibit or facilitate WM and how about the mechanism of dynamic information transmission in the brain is during WM affected by emotions. In this study, we used a video database to induce three emotions (negative, neutral, and positive) and adopted a change detection paradigm based on EEG. Event-related potential (ERP) analysis, event-related spectral perturbation (ERSP) analysis, source location analysis based on dipole localization method and distributed source localization method, and effective connectivity analysis were performed. Both behavioral and ERP results suggested that positive emotion had no significant effect on WM capacity, while negative emotion could facilitate WM capacity. Furthermore, the effective connectivity results based on two source location methods suggested that the long-range connectivity between frontal and posterior areas can reflect the influence of positive and negative emotions on WM network, in which the connectivity under the positive emotion condition occurred in the earlier period of WM maintenance, while the connectivity under the negative emotion condition occurred in the later period of WM maintenance. The consistence of the behavioral, ERP and effective connectivity results suggested that under the negative emotion condition, the top-down attention modulation between the frontoparietal area and posterior area could promote the most relevant information storage during WM maintenance.

15.
Plant Physiol ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32165445

RESUMO

The circadian clock measures and conveys daylength information to control rhythmic hypocotyl growth in photoperiodic conditions to achieve optimal fitness, but it operates through largely unknown mechanisms. Here, we show that Pseudo Response Regulators (PRRs) coordinate with the Evening Complex (EC), a transcriptional repressor complex within clock core oscillator, to specifically regulate photoperiodic hypocotyl growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. Intriguingly, a distinct daylength could shift the expression phase and extend the expression duration of PRRs. Multiple lines of evidence further demonstrated that PRRs directly bound the promoters of PHYTOCHROME-INTERACTING FACTOR4 (PIF4) and PIF5 to repress their expression, hence PRRs act as transcriptional repressors of the positive growth regulatorss PIF4 and PIF5. Importantly, mutation or truncation of the TIMING OF CAB EXPRESSION 1 (TOC1) DNA binding domain, without compromising its physical interaction with PIFs, still caused long hypocotyl growth under short days, highlighting the essential role of the PRRs-PIFs transcriptional module in photoperiodic hypocotyl growth. Finally, genetic analyses demonstrated that PIF4 and PIF5 are epistatic to PRRs in the regulation of photoperiodic hypocotyl growth. Collectively, we propose that, upon perceiving daylength information, PRRs cooperate with EC to directly repress PIF4 and PIF5 transcription together with their post-translational regulation on PIFs activities, thus forming a complex regulatory network to mediate circadian clock-regulated photoperiodic growth.

16.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152438

RESUMO

Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EnMT) plays a pivotal role in various diseases, including pulmonary hypertension (PH), and transcription factors like Snail are key regulators of EnMT. In this study we investigated how these factors were regulated by PH risk factors (e.g. inflammation and hypoxia) in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We showed that treatment with interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) induced EnMT of HUVECs via activation of NF-κB/Snail pathway, which was further exacerbated by knockdown of protein tyrosine phosphatase L1 (PTPL1). We demonstrated that PTPL1 inhibited NF-κB/Snail through dephosphorylating and stabilizing IκBα. IL-1ß or hypoxia could downregulate PTPL1 expression in HUVECs. The deregulation of PTPL1/NF-κB signaling was validated in a monocrotaline-induced rat PH (MCT-PH) model and clinical PH specimens. Our findings provide novel insights into the regulatory mechanisms of EnMT, and have implications for identifying new therapeutic targets for clinical PH.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182412

RESUMO

To perform a systematic review of the data collected from case-control studies conducted earlier to investigate the correlation between E-selectin S128R polymorphism and ischemic stroke (IS) risk among the Chinese population. The PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese biomedical literature database (CBM), Chinese databases China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanfangData knowledge service platform (Wanfang Data), and information resource integration service platform (VIP) Databases were searched to retrieve case-control studies on the correlation between E-selectin gene S128R polymorphism and IS from the inception of the database till June 2019. The literature was screened, data were extracted, the risk of bias was reviewed, and the studies included were assessed independently by two reviewers. Stata ver. 12.0 software (Stata Corp LLC, College Station, TX, USA) was used to perform the meta-analysis. A total of 2907 cases from eight case-control studies involving 1478 IS patients and 1429 controls were included in this study. The R allele and RS genotype in E-selectin were found to be associated with the risk of IS as per the results of the meta-analysis (R vs. S : odds ratio [OR], 2.75; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.15-3.51; p<0.00001; RS vs. SS : OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 1.95-3.19; p<0.00001; RR+RS vs. SS : OR, 2.85, 95% CI, 2.21-3.67; p<0.00001). The E-selectin gene S128R polymorphism is likely related to IS based on the results of a meta-analysis in the Chinese population, and the R allele and RS genotype of E-selectin may be IS risk factors.

18.
Bioorg Chem ; 97: 103675, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143018

RESUMO

(±)-Petchilactones A-C (1-3), three pairs of enantiomeric meroterpenoids respectively with a 6/6/5/5 or a 5/5/5/7/6 ring system were isolated from Ganoderma petchii. Their structures including absolute configurations were assigned by using spectroscopic, computational, and X-ray diffraction methods. Compounds 1 and 2 represent a new skeletal meroterpenoid. Biological evaluation found that (-)-1 and (-)-3 could induce umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells into keratinocyte-like cells.

19.
Gene ; 741: 144539, 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160960

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the physiological and pathophysiological processes of diabetes and its microvascular and macrovascular complications. Hence, the aim of the study was to investigate whether miR-499-3p played an important role in diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy was developed in rats by intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (STZ), followed by collection of retinal tissues and preparation of retinal cells. Immunohistochemical staining was used to detect expression of interferon alpha 2 (IFNA2). RT-qPCR was used to determine the expression of miR-499-3p. Bioinformatics website and dual luciferase reporter gene assay were used to validate the targeting relationship between miR-499-3p and IFNA2. Gain- and loss-of-function assays were performed to explore the functional roles of aberrantly expressed miR-499-3p and IFNA2 in retinal cell proliferation by MTT, and apoptosis by flow cytometry. In retinal tissues and cells of diabetic rats, IFNA2 expression was reduced, and miR-499-3p expression increased to activate the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway. IFNA2 was a target gene of miR-499-3p and negatively regulated by miR-499-3p. Further, downregulated miR-499-3p promoted retinal cell proliferation while suppressing apoptosis to alleviate diabetic retinopathy. All in all, miR-499-3p promoted retinopathy by enhancing activation of the TLR4 signaling pathway, which provides a new therapeutic target for diabetic retinopathy.

20.
Sleep Med ; 70: 17-26, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32179428

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Although several strategies using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) have been investigated to treat major depressive disorder (MDD), the efficacy of this treatment for patients with MDD who also have insomnia is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of tDCS on sleep quality and depressive symptoms in patients with MDD who have insomnia. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, double-blinded study involving adults with major depression and insomnia. We randomly assigned patients to either add tDCS or to sham tDCS to their regular treatment. After randomization, we treated a total of 90 patients at the Kangning Hospital, Ningbo, China. We allocated 47 patients to the tDCS group and 43 to the sham tDCS group. The tDCS treatment procedure included 20 sessions of 2-mA stimulation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) for 30 min, which was followed by four weekly treatments. The anode and cathode electrodes were placed on the left and right DLPFC, respectively. We recorded the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory (PSQI), and Polysomnography (PSG) at Day 1 and Day 28. RESULTS: Compared with the sham tDCS group, the active tDCS group showed improved total scores of SAS and SDS. PSQI total score and all PSQI sub-divisions, except for "sleep duration and sleep efficiency," significantly improved after treatment. We also observed that tDCS affected sleep architecture, by increasing total sleep time and improving sleep efficiency through PSG. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated the effect of tDCS on sleep quality and depressive symptoms in patients with MDD and insomnia. These results suggested that tDCS stimulation not only improved symptoms of depression and anxiety but also had a positive effect on sleep quality in patients with MDD. For patients with depression and insomnia, tDCS stimulation could be a good supplement to drugs.

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