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1.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(2)2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32024063

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), the predominant subtype of pancreatic cancer, has been reported with equal mortality and incidence for decades. The lethality of PDAC is largely due to its late presentation, when surgical resection is no longer an option. Similar to other major malignancies, it is now clear that PDAC is not a single disease, posing a great challenge to precise selection of patients for optimized adjuvant therapy. A representative study found that PDAC comprises four distinct molecular subtypes: squamous, pancreatic progenitor, immunogenic, and aberrantly differentiated endocrine exocrine (ADEX). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying specific PDAC subtypes, hampering the design of novel targeted agents. In this study we performed network inference that integrates miRNA expression and gene expression profiles to dissect the miRNA regulatory mechanism specific to the most aggressive squamous subtype of PDAC. Master regulatory analysis revealed that the particular subtype of PDAC is predominantly influenced by miR-29c and miR-192. Further integrative analysis found miR-29c target genes LOXL2, ADAM12 and SERPINH1, which all showed strong association with prognosis. Furthermore, we have preliminarily revealed that the PDAC cell lines with high expression of these miRNA target genes showed significantly lower sensitivities to multiple anti-tumor drugs. Together, our integrative analysis elucidated the squamous subtype-specific regulatory mechanism, and identified master regulatory miRNAs and their downstream genes, which are potential prognostic and predictive biomarkers.

2.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 189: 110810, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32014651

RESUMO

In this study, a versatile doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded yolk-shell nano-particles (HMCMD) assembled with manganese dioxide (MnO2) as the core and copper sulfide (HMCuS) as the mesoporous (∼ 6.4 nm) shell, was designed and synthesized. The resulting HMCMD possess excellent photothermal conversion efficiency. The DOX release from the yolk-shell nanoparticles could be promoted by laser irradiation, which increased the chemotherapy of DOX. Meanwhile, Mn2+ could be released from the HMCMD through a redox reaction between MnO2 and abundant glutathione (GSH) in tumor cells. The released Mn2+ could promote the decomposition of the intracellular hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by Fenton-like reaction to generate the highly toxic hydroxyl radicals (·OH), thus exhibiting the effective chemodynamic therapy (CDT). Additionally, the efficiency of Mn2+-mediated CDT could be effectively enhanced by NIR irradiation. Further modification of polyethylene glycol (PEG) would improve the water solubility of the HMCMD to promote the uptake by MCF-7 cells. Hence, the HMCMD with synergistic effects of chemotherapy and chemodynamic/photothermal therapy would provide an alternative strategy in antitumor research.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 122020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091409

RESUMO

The data on the phenotypes associated with some rare germline mutations in Chinese breast cancer patients are limited. The difference in somatic mutation profiles in breast cancer patients with germline BRCA and non-BRCA mutations remains unexplored. We interrogated the germline and somatic mutational profile of 524 Chinese breast cancer patients with various stages unselected for predisposing factors using a panel consisting of 520 cancer-related genes including 62 cancer susceptibility genes. We divided the patients into three groups according to germline mutations: Germline-BRCA1/2, Germline-others (non-BRCA) and Others (non-carriers). A total of 58 patients (11.1%) carried 76 likely pathogenic or pathogenic (LP/P) germline variants in 15 cancer predisposition genes. Germline BRCA1/2 mutations were detected from 29 (5.53%) patients; with 11 (2.10%) BRCA1 carriers and 18 (3.44%) BRCA2 carriers. In addition, LP/P germline mutations were detected in other genes including MUTYH (n=4), PALB2 (n=4), ATM (n=3), BRIP1 (n=3), CDH1 (n=3), RAD51C (n=3), CHEK2 (n=2), FANCA (n=2), PMS2 (n=2), TP53 (n=2), FANCI (n=1), FANCL (n=1) and PTEN (n=1). At least one variant of uncertain significance (VUS) was identified in 490 (93.5%) patients. Young age (P=0.011), premenopausal status (P=0.013), and breast/ovarian cancer family history (P=0.001) were correlated with germline mutations. Germline-BRCA1/2 group was detected with more missense (P=0.02) and less copy-number amplification (P=0.04) than Germline-others group. Meanwhile, Germline-others group and Others group are very similar (P>0.05). The mutation rates of AKT1, CCND1, FGFR1, and PIK3CA were different among the three groups. By investigating all breast and ovarian cancer-related genes listed in the US genetic guidelines, we identified 15 cancer susceptibility genes frequently mutated in the germline of our population and must be included in cancer predisposition screening. Our study contributed a better understanding of the tumor characteristics of patients with LP/P germline mutations.

4.
Cell Death Dis ; 11(2): 119, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32051396

RESUMO

A successful pregnancy requires sophisticated regulation of uterine microenvironment to guarantee the existence of semi-allogeneic conceptus without immune rejection. T follicular regulatory (Tfr) cells exert a suppressive effect on Tfh-cell expansion, B-cell response, and antibody production. Although accumulating evidence has demonstrated that dysregulations of Tfr cells can bring on various immunological diseases, their immunomodulatory roles during pregnancy still remain unheeded. Herein, we introduced an allogeneic normal-pregnant mouse model and found that CD4+CXCR5hiPD-1hiFoxp3+ Tfr cells were preferentially accumulated in the uterus at mid-gestation and displayed a distinct phenotype. In addition, the absence of PDL1 resulted in increased fetal resorption by favoring Tfr cells accumulation and upregulating PD-1 expression on these cells. However, PDL1 blockade affected neither the ratio of Tfh/Tfr cells nor the maturation and differentiation of B cells. Overall, our results are the first to present a correlation of Tfr cells accumulation with healthy allogeneic pregnancy and PDL1 blockade-induced miscarriage, and to indicate that appropriate assembly of Tfr cells is important for pregnancy maintenance. Since blockade of PD-1-PDL1 pathway leads to more Tfr cells and fetal losses, the reproductive safety must be taken into consideration when PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint blockade immunotherapy is used in pregnancy.

5.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 47, 2020 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The intestinal epithelium compartmentalizes the sterile bloodstream and the commensal bacteria in the gut. Accumulating evidence suggests that this barrier is impaired in sepsis, aggravating systemic inflammation. Previous studies reported that cathelicidin is differentially expressed in various tissues in sepsis. However, its role in sepsis-induced intestinal barrier dysfunction has not been investigated. DESIGN: To examine the role of cathelicidin in polymicrobial sepsis, cathelicidin wild-(Cnlp+/+) and knockout (Cnlp-/-) mice underwent cecal-ligation and puncture (CLP) followed by the assessment of septic mortality and morbidity as well as histological, biochemical, immunological, and transcriptomic analyses in the ileal tissues. We also evaluated the prophylactic and therapeutic efficacies of vitamin D3 (an inducer of endogenous cathelicidin) in the CLP-induced murine polymicrobial sepsis model. RESULTS: The ileal expression of cathelicidin was increased by three-fold after CLP, peaking at 4 h. Knockout of Cnlp significantly increased 7-day mortality and was associated with a higher murine sepsis score. Alcian-blue staining revealed a reduced number of mucin-positive goblet cells, accompanied by reduced mucin expression. Increased number of apoptotic cells and cleavage of caspase-3 were observed. Cnlp deletion increased intestinal permeability to 4kD fluorescein-labeled dextran and reduced the expression of tight junction proteins claudin-1 and occludin. Notably, circulating bacterial DNA load increased more than two-fold. Transcriptome analysis revealed upregulation of cytokine/inflammatory pathway. Depletion of Cnlp induced more M1 macrophages and neutrophils compared with the wild-type mice after CLP. Mice pre-treated with cholecalciferol (an inactive form of vitamin D3) or treated with 1alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (an active form of VD3) had decreased 7-day mortality and significantly less severe symptoms. Intriguingly, the administration of cholecalciferol after CLP led to worsened 7-day mortality and the associated symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Endogenous cathelicidin promotes intestinal barrier integrity accompanied by modulating the infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages in polymicrobial sepsis. Our data suggested that 1alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 but not cholecalciferol is a potential therapeutic agent for treating sepsis.

6.
Waste Manag Res ; : 734242X19893006, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31906825

RESUMO

It is a well appreciated fact that temperature is one of the key factors influencing the degradation of organics. Heat exchangers are a viable option that can be used to adjust the temperature in solid waste to an extent most suitable for waste degradation. This paper focuses on an experimental and theoretical investigation of the feasibility of using a water-circulating heat exchanger for thermal regulation of waste degradation. A cylindrical bioreactor with a central pipe connected to a water circulation system is devised and instrumented. The changes in temperature and gas production were monitored during the degradation of the organic component of the waste. Test results with and without thermal regulation are analyzed and compared. In addition, an analytical model is proposed to simulate the symmetrical heat transport behavior subjected to heat exchange. Heat generation due to the degradation of organics is taken into account. There was a good correlation between the analytical model prediction and the experimental data obtained from the laboratory test and field monitoring.

7.
Food Chem ; 309: 125760, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787392

RESUMO

Molecular characterization of exogenous DNA integrations in host genome is a key aspect in risk assessment of bioengineered crops. However, gaining a clear understanding of the molecular characters of a bioengineered crop using conventional techniques remains a challenging task. Herein, we report the full molecular characterization of one new transgenic rice event G6H1 via a paired-end sequencing approach and bioinformatics analysis pipelines. Also, the molecular characterization reported was validated using conventional PCR, Sanger sequencing, and digital PCR. The results showed there is only one copy of the exogenous DNA inserted, which is located within chromosome 7 of the G6H1 genome. There is no other unintended integration of sequences from the transformation plasmid. These results indicated that the paired-end sequencing approach, combined with bioinformatics pipeline developed, is well suited to elucidate the molecular characteristics of bioengineered crops, and is efficient, low cost, and comprehensive.


Assuntos
Oryza/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , DNA/análise , DNA/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA
8.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 186: 110727, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862562

RESUMO

Although silver nanoparticles are considered as promising antibacterial agents because of their antibacterial activity, the acute cytotoxicity of Ag+ released from Ag nanoparticles restricts their potential practical applications. Herein, porous Ag@Au nanoplates, which could balance the Ag+ release and the toxicity of Ag naoparticles, were fabricated by stepwise seed-mediated growth and oxidation. Laser irradiation further boosted their antimicrobial activity, and significantly accelerated the curing rate of wound. Comparing with Ag nanoplates, the irradiated porous Ag@Au nanoplates showed the similar antibiotic ability against S. aureus strains and lower cytotoxicity in vitro. When the porous Ag@Au nanoplates were applied to treat S. aureus-infected wound, they had the best curing effect. Thus, these porous Ag@Au nanoplates could act as promising antibacterial agents for wound healing applications.

9.
Acc Chem Res ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820922

RESUMO

Indole-based chiral heterocycles constitute a class of important heterocyclic compounds that are found in numerous pharmaceuticals, functional materials, and chiral catalysts or ligands. Catalytic asymmetric synthesis, for which the 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded, has been demonstrated to be the most efficient method for accessing chiral compounds. Therefore, the catalytic asymmetric synthesis of indole-based chiral heterocycles has attracted great interest from the scientific community. However, the strategies toward this goal are rather limited, and great challenges remain in this field, such as metal contamination in the products, the limited number of platform molecules with versatile reactivity, and the limited number of catalytic asymmetric reactions that offer high step economy, atom economy, and excellent enantiocontrol. Therefore, novel strategies for the catalytic asymmetric synthesis of indole-based chiral heterocycles are urgently needed. To achieve this goal, our group has developed a series of unique strategies, such as designing and developing versatile platform molecules and their corresponding organocatalytic asymmetric reactions to access indole-based chiral heterocycles. In this Account, we describe our efforts to address the remaining challenges in this research field. Namely, we have designed and developed vinylindoles, indolylmethanols, arylindoles and indole derivatives as versatile platform molecules for the construction of indole-based chiral heterocyclic scaffolds with structural diversity and complexity. Based on the reactivities of these platform molecules, we have designed and accomplished a series of organocatalytic asymmetric cycloaddition, cyclization, addition and dearomatization reactions with a high step economy, atom economy and excellent enantiocontrol. Using these strategies, a wide range of indole-based chiral heterocycles, including five-membered to seven-membered heterocycles, axially chiral heterocycles and tetrasubstituted heterocycles, have been synthesized with high efficiency and excellent enantioselectivity. In addition, we have investigated the properties of some indole-based chiral heterocycles, including their bioactivities and catalytic activities, and showed that these chiral heterocycles have potent anticancer activities and promising catalytic activities in asymmetric catalysis. These results help elucidate the potential applications of indole-based chiral heterocycles in drug development and chiral catalysts. The organocatalytic asymmetric synthesis of indole-based chiral heterocycles has undoubtedly become and will continue to be a hot topic in the field of asymmetric catalysis and synthesis. Our efforts, summarized in this Account, will not only open a window for the future development of innovative strategies toward organocatalytic asymmetric synthesis of indole-based chiral heterocycles but also inspire chemists worldwide to confront the remaining challenges in this field and prompt further advances.

10.
Ann Emerg Med ; 74(5): 633-678, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668240
11.
Cell Calcium ; 84: 102104, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706065

RESUMO

CaV3.2 calcium channels play important roles in both neural excitability and aldosterone secretion. Recent clinical studies found four germline mutations (S196 L, M1549I, V1951E and P2083 L) in CaV3.2 channels. All four mutations caused primary aldosteronism (PA), while only the M1549I mutation resulted in obvious neural malfunctions besides PA. In human, there are two major CaV3.2 channel gene (CACNA1H) splice variants, either with or without exon 26. In this study, we tested the expression of the two CACNA1H splice variants in zona glomerulosa (ZG) cells of human adrenal cortex and the possibility that CaV3.2 (-26) and CaV3.2 (+26) channels have different functional responses to the four PA mutations. We found that human ZG cells only express long form CaV3.2(+26) channels. The M1549I mutation slowed the inactivation of CaV3.2(+26) more than 5 fold, and CaV3.2(-26) more than 2 fold. The S196 L, V1951E and P2083 L mutations accelerated channel recovery from inactivation for CaV3.2(+26), but not CaV3.2(-26) channels. All four mutations resulted in gain of function of CaV3.2(+26) channels, leading to overproduction of aldosterone. In conclusion, the four PA mutations caused more profound changes on CaV3.2 (+26) currents than on CaV3.2 (-26) currents, and except the M1549I mutation, the S196 L, V1951E and P2083 L have little effect on the electrophysiological properties of CaV3.2(-26) currents, which may partially explain the limitation of the phenotype associated with the V1951E, S196 L and P2083 L germline mutations to PA.

12.
Cell Cycle ; 18(23): 3337-3350, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599189

RESUMO

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is the common malignancy of the bile tract system with extremely poor clinical outcomes, owing to its metastatic property and intrinsic resistance to the first-line drugs. Although it is well-established that cholesterol abnormity contributes to gallstone formation, a leading risk factor for GBC, the link of cholesterol homeostasis with GBC has not been investigated. The present study systematically examined the genes implicated in cholesterol homeostasis, and revealed altered gene expressions of de novo cholesterol biosynthesis and sterol sulfonation (SULT2B1), reduced bile acid synthesis (CYP7B1 and CYP39A1) and impaired sterol efflux (ABCA1, ABCG5, LCAT, and CETP) in GBC tissues. Suppression of cholesterol biosynthesis by lovastatin inhibited GBC cell proliferation possibly through attenuating the DNA repair process. Further investigation revealed lovastatin sensitized GBC cells to cisplatin-induced apoptosis and suppressed the activation of CHK1, CHK2, and H2AX during DNA damage response. By using chemically distinct statins, HMGCR depletion or supplementing mevalonate, the product of HMGCR, we showed the inhibitory effects on DNA repair process of lovastatin were due to the blockage of the mevalonate pathway. Subcutaneous xenograft mice model suggested lovastatin promoted the therapeutic efficacy of cisplatin, and significantly prolonged the survival times of tumor-bearing mice. Moreover, HMGCR ablation repressed tumor growth in vivo, which can be rescued partially by restored expression of HMGCR, suggesting the on-target effects of lovastatin. Therefore, our study provides the clinical relevance of cholesterol homeostasis with GBC progression, and highlights a novel intervention of combined use of lovastatin and cisplatin for GBC.

13.
J Chem Phys ; 151(12): 124307, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575165

RESUMO

Ce atom reactions with ethylene, 2-butene, and isobutene are carried out in a pulsed laser vaporization molecule beam source. Ce-containing species are observed with time-of-flight mass spectrometry, and Ce(C4H6) is characterized with mass-analyzed threshold ionization (MATI) spectroscopy and relativistic quantum chemical calculations. Two structural isomers are identified for Ce(C4H6): one is the tetrahedronlike Ce[C(CH2)3] in C3v symmetry and the other is the five-membered metallocyclic Ce(CH2CHCHCH2) in Cs. The MATI spectrum of the C3v isomer exhibits two vibronic band systems separated by 88 cm-1, while that of the Cs isomer displays three split by 60 and 101 cm-1. The multiple band systems are attributed to spin-orbit splitting and vibronic transitions involving metal-hydrocarbon and hydrocarbon-based vibrations. The splitting in the C3v isomer arises from interactions of two triplet and two singlet states at the lowest energies, while each splitting in the Cs isomer involves two triplets and a singlet. Although the Ce atom has ground electron configuration 4f15d16s2, Ce valence electron configurations in both isomers are 4f16s1 in the neutral ground state and 4f1 in the ion. The remaining Ce 5d electrons in the isolated atom are spin paired in molecular orbitals that are a bonding combination between Ce 5dπ and hydrocarbon π* orbitals.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 48(40): 15160-15169, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565716

RESUMO

Three peroxidovanadium(v) compounds with different ligands (L1-L3) {L1 = N-tris(hydroxymethyl)methylglycine; L2 = ethylenediamine-N,N'-diacetic acid; L3 = 2,2-[(2-amino-2-oxoethyl)imino]diacetic acid} were first synthesized, characterized and further investigated for their anticancer activities under the mediation of transition metal cations. Encouragingly, all compounds showed preferentially enhanced cytotoxicity toward cancer cells (MCF-7 and A549) compared to normal cells (BEAS-2B) under the mediation of transition metal cations (Mn2+ or Fe2+), especially for Mn2+. It was noted that cell death was triggered by the transition metal cation-mediated peroxidovanadium(v) compounds through the induction of early apoptosis, inhibition of cell cycles, and boosting the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Mechanistic studies further elucidated the vital roles of an acidic environment and transition metal cations for the anticancer activity of peroxidovanadium(v) compounds. Therefore, this study will offer precious insight into the development of the transition metal cation-mediated peroxidovanadium(v) compounds for further clinical translation.

15.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(78): 11774-11777, 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515552

RESUMO

A copper-catalyzed 1,4-addition reaction of sulfonyl iodides with 1,3-enynes affording various allenyl halides in high yields under mild conditions has been developed. Mechanistic studies showed that the reaction proceeds through a radical mechanism.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(41): 38347-38352, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550122

RESUMO

Based on arrays of Au seeds fabricated with atomic force microscopy (AFM) nanoxerography, the seeded growth of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) on surface is achieved. The size evolution of Au NPs in each spot is tracked by in situ AFM and SEM images because each spot can be easily localized in the array system. The extinction microspectra extracted in real time with enhanced signals and red-shift can further monitor the increasing size of Au NPs. As a powerful platform, AFM nanoxerography makes it easy to tune the spot size and the intervals among spots in the Au NP arrays without preparing a template. It also allows for fabricating arbitrary patterns including various symbols and graphs. More interestingly, the in situ growth of Au NPs offers an approach to decreasing the interparticle distance, and thus forming closely interconnected Au nanowire assembly, exhibiting immense potential in the nanoelectronic system.

17.
Org Lett ; 21(19): 7897-7901, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525932

RESUMO

Highly enantioselective [4 + 2] cyclizations of azadienes with in situ generated ketenes were developed through sequential visible-light photoactivation/isothiourea catalysis, which offers a novel approach for the creation of all-carbon quaternary stereocenters through disubstituted C1-ammonium enolates. The visible-light-induced sustained release of reactive ketene species through Wolff rearrangement of α-diazoketones is crucial for achieving high levels of chemical efficiency and stereoinduction.

18.
Extremophiles ; 23(6): 747-757, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489482

RESUMO

16S rRNA gene profiling is a powerful method for characterizing microbial communities; however, no universal primer pair can target all bacteria and archaea, resulting in different primer pairs which may impact the diversity profile obtained. Here, we evaluated three pairs of high-throughput sequencing primers for characterizing archaeal communities from deep-sea sediments and permafrost soils. The results show that primer pair Arch519/Arch915 (V4-V5 regions) produced the highest alpha diversity estimates, followed by Arch349f/Arch806r (V3-V4 regions) and A751f/AU1204r (V5-V7 regions) in both sample types. The archaeal taxonomic compositions and the relative abundance estimates of archaeal communities are influenced by the primer pairs. Beta diversity of the archaeal community detected by the three primer pairs reveals that primer pairs Arch349f/Arch806r and Arch519f/Arch915r are biased toward detection of Halobacteriales, Methanobacteriales and MBG-E/Hydrothermarchaeota, whereas the primer pairs Arch519f/Arch915r and A751f/UA1204r are biased to detect MBG-B/Lokiarchaeota, and the primers pairs Arch349f/Arch806r and A751f/UA1204r are biased to detect Methanomicrobiales and Methanosarcinales. The data suggest that the alpha and beta diversities of archaeal communities as well as the community compositions are influenced by the primer pair choice. This finding provides researchers with valuable experimental insight for selection of appropriate archaeal primer pairs to characterize archaeal communities.

19.
Jpn J Radiol ; 37(10): 701-709, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate quantitative three-dimensional (3D) dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) in the assessment of tumor angiogenesis using an orthotropic liver tumor model. METHODS: Nine New Zealand white rabbits with liver orthotropic VX2 tumors were established and imaged by two-dimensional (2D) and 3D DCE-US after SonoVue® bolus injections. The intraclass correlation coefficients of perfusion parameters, including peak intensity (PI), mean transit time, time to peak, and area under the curve, were calculated based on time-intensity curve. The percentage area of microvascular (PAMV) and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were both evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis and weighted by the tumor activity area ratio. Correlations between quantitative and histologic parameters were analyzed. RESULTS: The reproducibility of 3D DCE-US quantitative parameters was excellent (ICC 0.91-0.99); but only PI showed high reproducibility (ICC 0.97) in 2D. None of the parameters of quantitative 2D DCE-US were significantly correlated with weighted PAMV or VEGF. For 3D DCE-US, there was a positive correlation between PI and weighted PAMV (r = 0.74, P = 0.04) as well as VEGF (r = 0.79, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Quantitative parameters of 3D DCE-US show feasibility, higher reproducibility and accuracy for the assessment of tumor angiogenesis using an orthotropic liver tumor model compared with 2D DCE-US.


Assuntos
Meios de Contraste , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Imagem Tridimensional/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neovascularização Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Coelhos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(42): 15104-15110, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441203

RESUMO

A new strategy for enantioselective synthesis of axially chiral naphthyl-indoles has been established through catalytic asymmetric addition reactions of racemic naphthyl-indoles with bulky electrophiles. Under chiral phosphoric acid catalysis, azodicarboxylates and o-hydroxybenzyl alcohols served as bulky but reactive electrophiles that were attacked by C2-unsubstituted naphthyl-indoles, which underwent a dynamic kinetic resolution to afford two series of axially chiral naphthyl-indoles in good yields (up to 98 %) and high enantioselectivities (up to 98:2 er).

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