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1.
J Proteomics ; : 104224, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33845180

RESUMO

"Iron prawn" is a condition of severe growth retardation that fishers call. The giant river prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) is a commercially important species contains high protein content and functional nutrients. However, no proteomic information is available for this species. We performed the shotgun 2DLC-MS/MS proteomic analysis of the total protein from "iron prawn". Total 19,758 peptides corresponding to 2613 high-confidence proteins were identified. These proteins range in size from 40 to 70 kDa. KEGG analysis revealed that the largest group consisting total 102 KEGG pathway proteins comparing the "iron prawn" with the normal prawn. Additionally, 7, 11, 1, 6, and 5 commercially important enzymes were found in the eyestalk, liver, muscle, ovary, and testis, respectively. The functions of these differently expressed enzymes include immune system action against pathogens, muscle contraction, digestive system metabolism, cell differentiation, migration, and apoptosis in the severe growth retardation of "iron prawn". Our work provides insight into the understanding of the formation mechanism of "iron prawn".

2.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(11)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836585

RESUMO

The alteration of the enteric nervous system (ENS) and its role in neuroimmune modulation remain obscure in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). Here, by using the xCell tool and the latest immunolabeling-enabled three-dimensional (3D) imaging of solvent-cleared organs technique, we found severe pathological damage of the entire ENS and decreased expression of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in IBD patients. As a result, acetylcholine (ACh), a major neurotransmitter of the nervous system synthesized by ChAT, was greatly reduced in colon tissues of both IBD patients and colitis mice. Importantly, administration of ACh via enema remarkably ameliorated colitis, which was proved to be directly dependent on monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs). Furthermore, ACh was demonstrated to promote interleukin-10 secretion of M-MDSCs and suppress the inflammation through activating the nAChR/ERK pathway. The present data reveal that the cholinergic signaling pathway in the ENS is impaired during colitis and uncover an ACh-MDSCs neuroimmune regulatory pathway, which may offer promising therapeutic strategies for IBDs.

3.
Enzyme Microb Technol ; 146: 109781, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812562

RESUMO

L-amino acid ligases (Lals) are promising biocatalysts for the synthesis of dipeptides with special biological properties. However, their poor (or broad) substrate specificity limits their industrial applications. To address this problem, a molecular engineering method for Lals was developed to enhance their catalytic performance. Based on substrate channeling, entrances to the active site for different substrates were identified, and the "gate" located around the active site pocket, which plays an essential role in substrate recognition, was then engineered to facilitate acceptance of L-Gln. Two mutants (L110Y and N108F/L110Y) were discovered to display significantly increased catalytic activity toward L-Ala and L-Gln in the biosynthesis of Ala-Gln. The catalytic efficiency (kcat/ Km) of the L110Y and N108F/L110Y mutants was improved by 2.64-fold and 4.06-fold, respectively, compared with that of the wild type. N108F/L110Y was then further applied for batch production of Ala-Gln, which showed that the released Pi yield was 694.47 µM, which was an increase of approximately 21.4 %, and the yield of Ala-Gln was approximately 2.59 mM-1 L-1 mg-1. Collectively, these findings suggest the potential practical application of this method in the rational design of Lals for increased catalytic performance.

4.
Chemistry ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792104

RESUMO

Metal phosphates have been widely explored in lithium ion batteries and sodium ion batteries owing to high theoretical capacities, mild toxicity and low cost. However, their potassium ion battery applications are less reported since the limited conductivity and the slow diffusion kinetic hindered. Considering these drawbacks, novel structured M 2 P 2 O 7 /C (M=Fe, Co, Ni) nanoflake composites are prepared via an organic-phosphors precursor assisted solvothermal method and a post high temperature annealing process. The designed Co 2 P 2 O 7 /C composite exhibits the highest rate capacity with 502 mAh g -1 at 0.1 A g -1 and good cyclability for 900 cycles at 1 A g -1 and 2 A g -1 when compared with Ni and Fe based composite. The superior electrochemical performance can be attributed to their unique nanoparticles assembled nanoflake structure, which can afford enough active sites for K + intercalation. In addition, the robust pyrophosphate crystal structure and the in situ formed carbon composition also have positive effects on enhancing the long-term cycling performance and the electrode's conductivity. Finally, this organic-phosphors precursor induced simple approach can be applied for easy fabrication of other pyrophosphate/carbon hybrids as advanced electrodes.

5.
Magn Reson Med ; 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749023

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To improve the image quality and reduce computational time for the reconstruction of undersampled non-Cartesian abdominal dynamic parallel MR data using the deep learning approach. METHODS: An algorithm of parallel non-Cartesian convolutional recurrent neural networks (PNCRNNs) was developed to enable the use of the redundant information in both spatial and temporal domains, and achieve data fidelity for the reconstruction of non-Cartesian parallel MR data. The performance of PNCRNNs was evaluated for various acceleration rates, motion patterns, and imaging applications in comparison with that of the state-of-the-art algorithms of dynamic imaging, including extra-dimensional golden-angle radial sparse parallel MRI (XD-GRASP), low-rank plus sparse matrix decomposition (L+S), blind compressive sensing (BCS), and 3D convolutional neural networks (3D CNNs). RESULTS: PNCRNNs increased the peak SNR of 9.07 dB compared with XD-GRASP, 9.26 dB compared with L+S, 3.48 dB compared with BCS, and 3.14 dB compared with 3D CNN at R = 16. The reconstruction time was 18 ms for each bin, which was two orders faster than that of XD-GRASP, L+S, and BCS. PNCRNNs provided good reconstruction for various motion patterns, k-space trajectories, and imaging applications. CONCLUSION: The proposed PNCRNN provides substantial improvement of the image quality for dynamic golden-angle radial imaging of the abdomen in comparison with XD-GRASP, L+S, BCS, and 3D CNN. The reconstruction time of PNCRNN can be as fast as 50 bins per second, due to the use of the highly computational efficient Toeplitz approach.

6.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 23(2): 255-275, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689052

RESUMO

With atmospheric CO2 increasing, a large amount of CO2 is absorbed by oceans and lakes, which changes the carbonate system and affects the survival of aquatic plants, especially microalgae. The main aim of our study was to explore the responses of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (Chlorophyceae) to elevated CO2 by combined transcriptome and metabolome analysis under three different scenarios: control (CK, 400 ppm), short-term elevated CO2 (ST, 1000 ppm), and long-term elevated CO2 (LT, 1000 ppm). The transcriptomic data showed moderate changes between ST and CK. However, metabolic analysis indicated that fatty acids (FAs) and partial amino acids (AAs) were increased under ST. There was a global downregulation of genes involved in photosynthesis, glycolysis, lipid metabolism, and nitrogen metabolism but increase in the TCA cycle and ß-oxidation under LT. Integrated transcriptome and metabolome analyses demonstrated that the nutritional constituents (FAs, AAs) under LT were poor compared with CK, and most genes and metabolites involved in C and N metabolism were significantly downregulated. However, the growth and photosynthesis of cells under LT increased significantly. Thus, C. reinhardtii could form a specific adaptive evolution to elevated CO2, affecting future biogeochemical cycles.

7.
J Virol ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33692211

RESUMO

Age is a risk factor for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) associated morbidity and mortality in humans; hence, in this study, we compared the course of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in young and aged BALB/c mice. We found that SARS-CoV-2 isolates replicated in the respiratory tracts of 12-month-old (aged) mice and caused pathological features of pneumonia upon intranasal infection. In contrast, rapid viral clearance was observed 5 days following infection in 2-month-old (young) mice with no evidence of pathological changes in the lungs. Infection with SARS-CoV-2 elicited significantly upregulated production of cytokines, especially interleukin 6 and interferon gamma, in aged mice; whereas this response was much weaker in young mice. Subsequent challenge of infected aged BALB/c mice with SARS-CoV-2 resulted in neutralized antibody responses, a significantly reduced viral burden in the lungs, and inflammation mitigation. Deep sequencing showed a panel of mutations potentially associated with the enhanced infection in aged BALB/c mice, such as the Q498H mutations which are located at the receptor binding domain (RBD) of the spike (S) protein. We further found that the isolates can not only multiply in the respiratory tract of mice but also cause disease in aged mice. Overall, viral replication and rapid adaption in aged BALB/c mice were associated with pneumonia, confirming that the age-related susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 in mice resembled that in humans.ImportanceAged BALB/c model are in use as a model of disease caused by SARS-CoV-2. Our research demonstrated SARS-CoV-2 can rapidly adapt in aged BALB/c mice through causing mutations at the RBD of the S protein. Moreover, SARS-CoV-2-infected aged BALB/c mice indicated that alveolar damage, interstitial pneumonia, and inflammatory immune responses were similar to the clinical manifestations of human infections. Therefore, our aged BALB/c challenge model will be useful for further understanding the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 and for testing vaccines and antiviral agents.

8.
J Virol ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658351

RESUMO

The nuclear export protein (NEP) serves multiple functions in the life cycle of influenza A virus (IAV). Identifying novel host proteins that interact with NEP and understanding their functions in IAV replication are of great interest. In this study, we screened and confirmed the direct interaction of G protein pathway suppressor 2 (GPS2) with NEP through a yeast two-hybrid screening assay and glutathione S-transferase-pulldown and co-immunoprecipitation assays. Knockdown or knockout of GPS2 enhanced IAV titers, whereas overexpression of GPS2 impaired IAV replication, demonstrating that GPS2 acted as a negative host factor in IAV replication. Meanwhile, GPS2 inhibited viral RNA synthesis by reducing the assembly of IAV polymerase. Interestingly, IAV NEP interacted with GPS2 and mediated its nuclear export, thereby activated the degradation of GPS2. Thus, NEP-GPS2 interaction weakened the inhibition of GPS2 to viral polymerase activity and benefited virus replication. Overall, this study identified the novel NEP-binding host partner GPS2 as a critical host factor to participate in IAV replication. These findings provided novel insights into the interactions between IAV and host cells, revealing a new function for GPS2 during IAV replication.Importance: NEP is proposed to play multiple biologically important roles in the life cycle of IAV, which largely relies on host factors by interaction. Our study demonstrated that GPS2 could reduce the interaction between PB1 and PB2 and interfere with vRNP assembly. Thus, GPS2 inhibited the RNA synthesis of IAV and negatively regulated its replication. Importantly, IAV NEP interacted with GPS2 and mediated the nuclear export of GPS2, thereby activated the degradation of GPS2. Thus, NEP-GPS2 interaction weakened the inhibition of GPS2 to viral polymerase activity and benefited virus replication.

9.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2021 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550715

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has resulted in an unprecedented public health crisis and economic losses. Although several cases of cats and dogs infected with SARS-CoV-2 have been reported during this outbreak, the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in dog and its transmission among other companion animals are still unknown. Here, we report an extensive serological study of SARS-CoV-2 infection in dogs in Wuhan and analyze the infection rates at different stages of the pandemic outbreak. A total of 946 dogs serum samples were collected from Wuhan, of which 36 samples were obtained prior to the pandemic outbreak. Indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showed that 16 sera collected during the outbreak were detected as positive through the receptor binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2. Of these 16 sera, 10 exhibited measurable SARS-CoV-2 specific neutralizing antibodies whose titers ranged from 1/20 to 1/180. No serological cross-reactivity was detected between SARS-CoV-2 and canine coronavirus (CCV). Furthermore, with the effective control of the outbreak, a decrease in the SARS-CoV-2 seropositive dog number was observed. Our results suggest that SARS-CoV-2 has infected companion dogs during the outbreak, and that COVID-19 patient families have a higher risk of dog infection. Our findings deepen our understanding of the infection of SARS-CoV-2 in dogs and provide an important reference for prevention of COVID-19.

10.
Nanoscale ; 2021 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33620064

RESUMO

Inorganic lead halide perovskite (CsPbX3, X = Cl, Br, I) NWs (NWs) have been employed in lasers due to their intriguing attributes of tunable wavelength, low threshold, superior stability, and easy preparation. However, current CsPbX3 NW lasers usually work in a multi-mode modal, impeding their practical applications in optical communication due to the associated false signaling. In this work, high-performance single-mode lasing has been demonstrated by designing and fabricating coupled cavities in the high-quality single-crystal CsPbBr3 NWs via the focused ion beam (FIB) milling approach. The single-mode laser shows a threshold of 20.1 µJ cm-2 and a high quality factor of ∼2800 profiting from the Vernier effect, as demonstrated by the experiments and finite-different time-domain (FDTD) simulations. These results demonstrate the promising potentials of the CsPbX3 NW lasers in optical communication and integrated optoelectronic devices.

11.
Adv Mater ; 33(11): e2007388, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554430

RESUMO

Aqueous rechargeable Zn metal batteries have attracted widespread attention due to the intrinsic high volumetric capacity, low cost, and high safety. However, the low Coulombic efficiency and limited lifespan of Zn metal anodes resulting from uncontrollable growth of Zn dendrites impede their practical application. In this work, a 3D interconnected ZnF2 matrix is designed on the surface of Zn foil (Zn@ZnF2 ) through a simple and fast anodic growth method, serving as a multifunctional protective layer. The as-fabricated Zn@ZnF2 electrode can not only redistribute the Zn2+ ion flux, but also reduce the desolvation active energy significantly, leading to stable and facile Zn deposition kinetics. The results reveal that the Zn@ZnF2 electrode can effectively inhibit dendrites growth, restrain the hydrogen evolution reactions, and endow excellent plating/stripping reversibility. Accordingly, the Zn@ZnF2 electrode exhibits a long cycle life of over 800 h at 1 mA cm-2 with a capacity of 1.0 mAh cm-2 in a symmetrical cell test, the feasibility of which is also convincing in Zn@ZnF2 //MnO2 and Zn@ZnF2 //V2 O5 full batteries. Importantly, a hybrid zinc-ion capacitor of the Zn@ZnF2 //AC can work at an ultrahigh current density of ≈60 mA cm-2 for up to 5000 cycles with a high capacity retention of 92.8%.

12.
Adv Mater ; : e2006006, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33475208

RESUMO

Solution-processed lead halide perovskites are considered one of the promising materials for flexible optoelectronics. However, the array integration of ultrathin flexible perovskite photodetectors (PDs) remains a significant challenge limited by the incompatibility of perovskite materials with manufacturing techniques involving polar liquids. Here, an ultrathin (2.4 µm) and conformable perovskite-based PD array (10 × 10 pixels) with ultralight weight (3.12 g m-2 ) and excellent flexibility, is reported. Patterned all-inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite films with precise pixel position, controllable morphology, and homogenous dimension, are synthesized by a vacuum-assisted drop-casting patterning process as the active layer. The use of waterproof parylene-C film as substrate and encapsulation layer effectively protects the perovskite films against penetration of polar liquids during the peeling-off process. Benefitting from the encapsulation and ultrathin property, the device exhibits long-term stability in the ambient environment, and robust mechanical stability under bending or 50% compressive strain. More importantly, the ultrathin flexible PD arrays conforming to hemispherical support realize imaging of light distribution, indicating the potential applications in retina-like vision sensing.

13.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(5): 1364-1369, 2021 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33458729

RESUMO

Obstinate infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria severely threaten human health. And the emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria increases the morbidity and mortality of patients, thus necessitating the development of innovative or alternative therapeutics. Here, a light-activated nanotherapeutic with broad-spectrum bacterial recognition is established as an antibiotic-free therapeutic agent against pathogens. The nanotherapeutic with external phenylboronic acid-based glycopolymers increases the stability and biocompatibility and shows the ability of bacterial recognition. Once irradiated with near-infrared light, this nanotherapeutic with high photothermal conversion efficiency disrupts the cytoplasmic membrane, thus killing bacterial cells. Importantly, it also eliminates the biofilms formed by both drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) effectively. Thus, this antibiotic-free nanotherapeutic with hypotoxicity offers a promising approach to fight increasingly serious antimicrobial resistance.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla/genética , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/patogenicidade , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Humanos
14.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 29(1): 2309499020981782, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33410375

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore if the surgical treatment will accelerate the progression of spinal cord injury (SCI) in patients with cervical Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and if surgery will have better curative effect than conservative treatment. METHODS: An extensive search of literature was implemented in PubMed, EMBASE, and other online databases. The quality of the included articles was evaluated according to the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale, as recommended by the Cochrane manual, and meta-analysis was performed using the review manage5.3 software. RESULTS: No obvious statistical difference was observed in the rate of SCI progression (P > 0.05, OR 1.15 [0.66, 2.00]), cervical range of motion, (P > 0.05, weighted mean difference (WMD) 4.52 [-5.75, 14.79]), and Japanese Orthopedic Association scores before surgery (P > 0.05, WMD -2.78 [-7.87, 2.32]) between the surgical group and conservative treatment group. However the surgical group illustrated obviously higher neurofunctional recovery rate (P < 0.05, OR 6.07 [1.55, 23.78]) and postoperative JOA score of the surgery group (P < 0.05, WMD -0.77 [-1.21, -0.33]) than conservative group. CONCLUSIONS: Based on this meta-analysis, there is not enough evidence to indicate that surgery will accelerate the progress of SCI with OPLL. However, the superiority of surgical efficacy can be observed over conservative treatment in terms of relieving neurological symptoms.

15.
Bioresour Technol ; 319: 124218, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049440

RESUMO

The necessity of costly co-enzyme B12 for the activity of glycerol dehydratase (GDHt) is considered as a major bottleneck in sustainable bioproduction of 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PD) from glycerol. Here, an E. coil Rosetta-dhaB1-dhaB2 strain was constructed by overexpressing a B12-independent GDHt (dhaB1) and its activating factor (dhaB2) from Clostridium butyricum. Subsequently, it was used in designing a co-culture with E. coli BL21-dhaT that overexpressed 1,3-PD oxidoreductase (dhaT), to produce 1,3-PD during co-fermentation of glycerol and glucose. The optimum initial ratio of BL21-dhaT to Rosetta-dhaB1-dhaB2 strains in the co-culture was 1.5. Compared to the fermentation of glycerol alone, co-fermentation approach provided 1.3-folds higher 1,3-PD. Finally, co-fermentation was done in a 10 L bioreactor that produced 41.65 g/L 1,3-PD, which corresponded to 0.69 g/L/h productivity and 0.67 mol/mol yield of 1,3-PD. Hence, the developed co-culture could produce 1,3-PD cost-effectively without requiring vitamin B12.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Glicerol , Técnicas de Cocultura , Suplementos Nutricionais , Fermentação , Glucose , Propilenoglicóis , Vitamina B 12 , Vitaminas
16.
Polymers (Basel) ; 12(12)2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33260861

RESUMO

In this study, furfural was used as a crosslinking agent to enhance the water resistance of lignin-phenol-formaldehyde (LPF) resin. The effect of the furfural content on the physicochemical properties of the adhesives was explored, and the possible synthesis mechanism of the furfural-modified lignin-phenol-formaldehyde (LPFF) resin adhesives was investigated. Compared with the LPF adhesive, the LPFF adhesive with 15% furfural content and 50% lignin substituent exhibited outstanding properties in all considered aspects; it had a high wet shear strength (1.30 MPa), moderate solid content (54.51%), and low viscosity (128 mPa∙s), which were 38.0% higher, 3.6% higher, and 37.5% lower than those of the LPF adhesive. Analyses via nuclear magnetic resonance and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy confirmed that the furfural content improved water resistance of the lignin-based adhesive; this improvement was due to the formation of new chemical bonds between furfural and lignin to construct a dense crosslinked network structure. In addition, the decrease in viscosity and the increase in solid content enabled the adhesive to better penetrate into the wood porous structure, showing stronger adhesion. Therefore, the LPFF adhesive has superior water resistance, high strength, and good thermal stability; thus, it has a great potential for industrial applications.

17.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 585: 51-60, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279706

RESUMO

Novel CoNi binary metal oxide superstructures assembled with cross-stacked nanosheets (Co3O4/NiO/NC) have been successfully prepared by two-step thermal annealing process with CoNi-based and cyano-bridged coordination polymer (CoNiCP). Ascribing to the super decussate structure and as-obtained three-dimensional carbon conductive network, the obtained material exhibited excellent lithium-ion storage capacity including superior cycling stability and rate performance through facilitating the easy electron/ion transport. For example, CoNi binary metal oxide superstructures exhibit an excellent rate capacity of 493 mA h g-1 at 5.0 A g-1 and a long-lifetime cycling performance of 1390 mA h g-1 after 100 cycles at 0.2 A g-1. This strategy may pave a way for designing and preparing binary metal oxide superstructures materials with excellent electrochemical performance for lithium-ion battery by using coordination polymers as the sacrificial template.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382592

RESUMO

Lithium metal batteries (LMBs) have shown a huge prospect for next-generation energy storage devices, but are always plagued by the high reactivity of metallic Li and dendrite growth. Herein, we propose a strategy of localized electric field to achieve nondendritic and long-life LMBs. Li microparticles with conformal tin nanocoating (Sn@Li-MPs) are uniformly distributed in the hollow nitrogen-doped carbon shells/graphene host, in which each Sn@Li-MP works as a localized microelectric field, inducing even Li plating and stripping. Based on COMSOL simulation, the electric field relative intensity reaches the highest values at the gaps of neighboring Sn@Li-MPs. Therefore, Li+ ions are preferentially plated into the gaps to achieve smooth metallic Li. Additionally the interfacial nanosized Sn-Li alloy can effectively protect Sn@Li-MPs against parasitic reactions via reducing the contact with organic solvents. Attributed to these advantages, the symmetric Sn@Li-MPs battery displays a low overpotential of 0.32 V at a high current density of 10 mA cm-2 after 250 cycles. Coupled with the LiNi0.6Co0.2Mn0.2O2 layered cathode, the NCM622∥Sn@Li-MPs full battery exhibits an initial discharge capacity of 171.5 mA h g-1 at a 2 C discharge current rate and still retains 80.3% capacity after 949 cycles.

19.
Cell Biol Int ; 2020 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382191

RESUMO

Canine adenovirus type 1 (CAdV-1) is the etiologic agent of fox encephalitis, and a virus strain from fox encephalitis is isolated and related research are conducted. In this experiment, the results showed that the F1301 strain was confirmed to be the CAdV-1. The whole genome of the CAdV-1 F1301 strain isolated from fox was 30,535 bp and had higher homology to the other reported CAdV-1 strains. After 0, 12, and 36 h of CAdV-1 infection, the difference gene of the 592 long noncoding RNA and 11,215 microRNA were involved in cell responses to CAdV-1 infection through the PI3K-AKT, Wnt, Herpes simplex, hepatitis C, and Epstein-Barr virus infection pathway in Madin-Darby canine kidney cell line (MDCK). The results indicate that the biological characterization of the CAdV-1 and the MDCK cell-CAdV-1 interaction are clarified.

20.
Sci Prog ; 103(4): 36850420969548, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225818

RESUMO

Vibration analysis of the classical elastic structures is not only essential for the study of vibration reduction by predicting the dynamic behavior, but also important to ensure a reliable, safe, and lasting structural performance through the proper design procedure. In this paper, the influence of boundary conditions on the free and forced three-dimensional vibration analysis of thick rectangular plates has been performed using the improved Fourier series method. For the elastically restrained thick rectangular plate, the three-dimensional improved Fourier series displacement forms are used to model the vibration field. The energy formula is employed to describe the three-dimensional dynamics of the plate. All the unknown Fourier series coefficients are then solved by the Rayleigh-Ritz method. In order to validate the proposed model, several numerical examples are provided and compared against the results from the literature and Finite Element Analysis (FEA). In addition, the effects of the boundary restraining spring stiffness and the thickness ratios of thick rectangular plates are analyzed under elastically restrained boundary conditions to develop an in-depth understanding of the three-dimensional vibration characteristics of thick rectangular plates.

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