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1.
Eur J Public Health ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate associations between health indicators and sleep duration in the general population. METHODS: This cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Self-reported sleep duration was classified into short sleep (<7 h/day), regular sleep (7-8 h/day) and long sleep duration (>8 h/day). Health indicators included lifestyle indicators (smoking, alcohol use and physical inactivity), general health indicators (waist circumference and self-reported health condition) and chronic conditions [overweight/obesity, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, chronic low back pain (CLBP) and oral health problems]. A series of multinomial logistic regression analysis were performed, controlling for confounders (age, sex, marital status, ethnic background, education level and poverty-to-income ratio). RESULTS: Data of 12 835 participants were analyzed. The mean (SD) age of participants was 50.0 (±17.4) years, and 50.6% were women. After adjusting for all health indicators, current smoking (OR: 1.37; 95% CI: 1.17-1.61), a poor (OR: 1.52; 95% CI: 1.23-1.88) health condition, CLBP (OR: 1.40; 95% CI: 1.16-1.69) and oral health problems (OR: 1.28; 95% CI: 1.10-1.49) were associated with short sleep duration. No independent association with long sleep duration was observed in this study. CONCLUSIONS: The results confirm that lifestyle indicators (current smoking and physical inactivity), general health indicators (self-reported health condition) and presence of some chronic conditions (CLBP and oral health problems) are associated with short sleep duration. The results did not confirm that any health indicator was associated with long sleep duration.

2.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 2863856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484467

RESUMO

Angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3), which is involved in new blood vessel growth, has been reported to exhibit an abnroaml expression in many different cancers. However, the expressing pattern and functions of ANGPTL3 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were rarely reported. In this study, we observed that ANGPTL3 expression was distinctly downregulated in both RCC specimens from TCGA datasets and cell lines. Survival assays also revealed that patients with low ANGPTL3 expression exhibited a shorter overall survival and disease-free survival than those with high ANGPTL3 expression. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, Colony formation assay, and flow cytometry showed that overexpression of ANGPTL3 distinctly suppressed the proliferation of RCC cells, and promoted apoptosis. Transwell assays and Wound healing assays revealed that ANGPTL3 upregulation suppressed the migration and invasion of RCC cells. Then, we explored whether ANGPTL3 dysregulation influenced the alteration of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling using TOP/FOP flash reporter assays and western blot. The results showed that overexpression of ANGPTL3 distinctly suppressed the activity of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling. Overall, our results confirmed that overexpression of ANGPTL3 was related to the malignancy and good prognosis of RCC patients, and ANGPTL3 upregulation inhibited the tumor proliferation and metastasis via the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. ANGPTL3 may be a novel therapeutic target and a prognostic biomarker for RCC patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523773

RESUMO

Conjugated organic radical polymers with stable radical features are difficult to design because the π conjugation in the polymer backbones makes the radicals readily delocalize and tend to undergo covalent bonding processes. In this work, we report an electronic isolation strategy to design stable porous radical polymers by homocoupling reaction from a meta-position active monomer. The meta linkage ensures less conjugation in the polymer skeletons, localizes the resonant radicals, and prevents them from recombination. The resulting porous radical polymer exhibits exceptional radical characters with ultralow band gap of 0.68 eV, strong yet extended UV/Vis-NIR absorption up to 1800 nm, and high spin density. The above features make the polymer very promising in the photothermal conversion with record-high photothermal temperature increment of ≈∼240 °C and striking solar-driven water evaporation efficiency of 96.8 %. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of electronic isolation of radicals for producing outstanding photothermal materials.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 800: 149589, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399346

RESUMO

Given the discovery and hazard of microplastics in freshwater environments, the removal of microplastics in drinking water deserves more attention. Nevertheless, in the light of existing literature, the effectiveness of conventional coagulation on microplastics removal is insufficient. Hence, enhanced coagulation is worth being explored. This study investigated the improving performance of anionic polyacrylamide (PAM), sodium alginate (SA), and activated silicic acid (ASA) when using poly­aluminum chloride (PAC) to remove polyethylene terephthalate (PET) microplastics. The experimental results showed that ASA had the highest removal efficiency (54.70%) under conventional dosage, while PAM achieved the best removal effect (91.45%) at high dosage. Mechanism of coagulation was studied by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscope (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and the results illustrated that when only PAC existed or the dosage of coagulant aids was low, double layer compression was the main principle. The increase of coagulant aids dosage improved the effect of adsorption and sweep flocculation significantly. Moreover, jar tests carried in different conditions demonstrated that the current coagulation systems were highly adaptable.

5.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e043883, 2021 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The transmuscular quadratus lumborum (TQL) block and the oblique subcostal transversus abdominis plane (OSTAP) block both contribute to multimodal analgesia after laparoscopic surgery. The objective of this study was to compare the analgesic effects of the TQL block versus OSTAP block after laparoscopic hysterectomy. DESIGN: Prospective single-centre randomised single-blind trial. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients aged between 18 and 65 years scheduled for laparoscopic hysterectomy. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomised into two groups (1:1 ratio) and received bilateral TQL block or bilateral OSTAP block with 0.375% ropivacaine 20 mL on each side before surgery. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was the cumulative morphine dose in the first 24 hours. The secondary outcome measures were the morphine consumption at each time interval after surgery, the time from the end of surgery to the first need for morphine, the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) scores for visceral and incisional pain intensity, and the incidence of adverse events. RESULTS: The cumulative morphine dose was significantly lower in the TQL group than in the OSTAP group (17.2 (12.5) vs 26.1 (13.3) mg, p=0.010). Compared with the OSTAP group, the morphine doses from 6 to 12, 12 to 18, and 18 to 24 hours were significantly lower, the time of first need for morphine was significantly longer and the NRS scores for visceral pain intensity were significantly lower in the TQL group. CONCLUSION: Compared with the OSTAP block, the TQL block reduced morphine consumption and provided better visceral pain relief with a longer duration of effect after laparoscopic hysterectomy. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR1800017995); pre-results.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Laparoscopia , Músculos Abdominais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides , Anestésicos Locais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem
6.
Nat Mater ; 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426660

RESUMO

High-efficiency blue phosphorescence emission is essential for organic optoelectronic applications. However, synthesizing heavy-atom-free organic systems having high triplet energy levels and suppressed non-radiative transitions-key requirements for efficient blue phosphorescence-has proved difficult. Here we demonstrate a simple chemical strategy for achieving high-performance blue phosphors, based on confining isolated chromophores in ionic crystals. Formation of high-density ionic bonds between the cations of ionic crystals and the carboxylic acid groups of the chromophores leads to a segregated molecular arrangement with negligible inter-chromophore interactions. We show that tunable phosphorescence from blue to deep blue with a maximum phosphorescence efficiency of 96.5% can be achieved by varying the charged chromophores and their counterions. Moreover, these phosphorescent materials enable rapid, high-throughput data encryption, fingerprint identification and afterglow display. This work will facilitate the design of high-efficiency blue organic phosphors and extend the domain of organic phosphorescence to new applications.

7.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 213, 2021 05 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34059617

RESUMO

Although inoculation of COVID-19 vaccines has rolled out globally, there is still a critical need for safe and effective vaccines to ensure fair and equitable supply for all countries. Here, we report on the development of a highly efficacious mRNA vaccine, SW0123 that is composed of sequence-modified mRNA encoding the full-length SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein packaged in core-shell structured lipopolyplex (LPP) nanoparticles. SW0123 is easy to produce using a large-scale microfluidics-based apparatus. The unique core-shell structured nanoparticle facilitates vaccine uptake and demonstrates a high colloidal stability, and a desirable biodistribution pattern with low liver targeting effect upon intramuscular administration. Extensive evaluations in mice and nonhuman primates revealed strong immunogenicity of SW0123, represented by induction of Th1-polarized T cell responses and high levels of antibodies that were capable of neutralizing not only the wild-type SARS-CoV-2, but also a panel of variants including D614G and N501Y variants. In addition, SW0123 conferred effective protection in both mice and non-human primates upon SARS-CoV-2 challenge. Taken together, SW0123 is a promising vaccine candidate that holds prospects for further evaluation in humans.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/virologia , Vacinas contra COVID-19/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Imunogenicidade da Vacina/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Camundongos , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/antagonistas & inibidores , Células Th1/imunologia , Células Th1/virologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/uso terapêutico , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
8.
Future Oncol ; 17(12): 1507-1518, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33626926

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the role of clinical features and blood markers in patients with malignant digestive tract tumors bone metastasis. Materials & methods: A total of 267 patients were included in this trial. Age, gender, primary tumor site, metastatic sites, T/N stage, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, total cholesterol, triglycerides, alkaline phosphatase, LDH, Ca levels, platelet, neutrophils to absolute value of lymphocytes (NLR), ratio of platelets to absolute values of lymphocytes (PLR) were analyzed. Results: T stage, lymph node metastasis, N stage and liver and lung metastasis were independent risk factors. LDH + alkaline phosphatase + NLR + PLR and LDH + NLR, respectively have higher predictive value for bone metastasis compared with patients with early-stage malignant digestive tract tumor and patients with advanced malignant digestive tract tumor without bone metastasis. Conclusion: Some clinical features or blood markers have the potential to detect bone metastasis early to avoid skeletal complications.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(15): 8510-8514, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506648

RESUMO

Piezochromic organic materials that present a large difference in fluorescence wavelength in the near-infrared region have important potential applications; however, few such metal-free luminophores have been reported. In this study, we design and prepare π-conjugated electron acceptors whose planar conformation can be locked by the noncovalent interactions. The planar fused-ring geometry can narrow the optical band gap, enhance the molecular stability and rigidity, as well as increase the radiative rate. As expected, the polymorphs Re-phase and Ni-phase emit the high-brightness fluorescence with wavelength maxima (λem,max ) at 615 and 727 nm, respectively. Upon full grinding, the λem,max of Re-phase is bathochromically shifted to 775 nm. The ground powder of Re-phase becomes metastable as a consequence of noncovalent conformational locking and that the red to near-infrared (large colour difference) mechanochromism arises from the high degree of conformational coplanarity. This strategy is both conceptually and synthetically simple and offers a promising approach to the development of organic piezochromic materials with wide-range redshift and excellent penetrability.

10.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(5): 2118-2132, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33411238

RESUMO

The tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101) has been reported to play important roles in the development and progression of several human cancers, such as pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, its potential roles and underlined mechanisms in human glioma are still needed to be further clarified. This study was designed to assess the expression of TSG101 in glioma patients and its effects on glioma cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Publicly available data revealed that TSG101 mRNA was significantly upregulated in glioma tissues, and high levels of TSG101 were associated with poor prognosis in glioma patients. Western blot and immunohistochemistry experiments further showed that the expression level of TSG101 protein was significantly upregulated in glioma patients, especially in the patients with high-grade glioma. The functional studies showed that knockdown of TSG101 suppressed the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma cells, while overexpression of TSG101 facilitated them. Mechanistic studies indicated that the proliferation, migration, and invasion induced by TSG101 in human glioma were related to AKT/GSK3ß/ß-catenin and RhoC/Cofilin signaling pathways. In conclusion, the above results suggest that the expression of TSG101 is elevated in glioma patients, which accelerates the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioma cells by regulating the AKT/GSK3ß/ß-catenin and RhoC/Cofilin pathways.

11.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(1): 23-30, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33477209

RESUMO

We examined nutrient release and ecological stoichiometric characteristics of litters under N deposition in an evergreen broadleaved forest in Mopan Mountain in central Yunnan. Nylon net bag method was used for in situ decomposition of leaf litter and twig litter. There were four treatments, including control (CK, 0 g N·m-2·a-1), low nitrogen (LN, 5 g N·m-2·a-1), medium nitrogen (MN, 15 g N·m-2·a-1), and high nitrogen (HN, 30 g N·m-2·a-1). The results showed that after one year of N addition, the contents of C and N in leaf litter, twig litter and soil increased gradually with the increases of N addition rates, with increases of 0.3%-8.2% and 4.9%-69.0%, respectively. C/N gradually decreased with increasing N addition rates, with a decrease of 0.8%-37.8%. There was no significant difference in P content, C/P and N/P of twig litter under different treatments. Treatment duration and N application rate significantly affected the N and P contents and stoichiometric ratios of leaf litter, twig litter and soil. During the 1-year decomposition process, the residual rates of C, N and P in litters were successively in the modes of release, leaching-enriched-released and leaching-enriched. Exogenous N addition significantly inhibited the release process of C, N and P in litter. The contents of C and P in soil were significantly positively correlated with the contents of N and P in litter, while the contents of N in soil were significantly positively correlated with the contents of C and N in litter. There was a significant correlation of stoichiometric characteristics between litter and soils of evergreen broadleaved forest under N deposition. Our results were helpful to understand the response mechanism of litter decomposition process of forest ecosystem to N deposition.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Nitrogênio , China , Florestas , Nitrogênio/análise , Nutrientes , Folhas de Planta/química , Solo
12.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 147(2): 593-606, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) combined with chemotherapy in patients with advanced SCLC. METHODS: We searched published randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) to compare the effect of ICIs combined with chemotherapy and chemotherapy alone on SCLC. The extracted data included the number of people who achieved an objective response rate (ORR), the disease control rate (DCR), the hazard ratio (HR) of progression-free survival (PFS), and the overall survival (OS) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). RESULTS: Six RCTs involving 2477 patients were included. Compared with chemotherapy alone, patients receiving an ICI combined with chemotherapy had a significantly longer PFS (HR, 0.91; 95% CI 0.88-0.95, p < 0.00001) and OS (HR 0.92; 95% CI 0.89-0.96, p = 0.0001). The ORR increased, but the difference was not statistically significant (RR 1.05; 95% CI 0.99-1.12, p = 0.13). There was no significant difference in the DCR between the two treatment regimens; however, in patients treated with an ICI, fatigue, rashes, diarrhea, and elevated aminotransferase enzymes were significantly increased (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: ICI combined with chemotherapy is superior to chemotherapy alone with respect to PFS and OS in patients with advanced SCLC.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia
13.
Water Sci Technol ; 82(8): 1643-1652, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107858

RESUMO

The sewage sludge production has been increasing along with the ever-growing populations and wastewater treatment rate. Lanthanum-doped activated carbon (AC-La) was derived from municipal sludge via chemical activation and utilized for fluoride removal. Batch experiments were conducted to discuss the effect of lanthanum dosage, time and pH on the adsorption process. The results showed that 4 g/L AC-La exhibited a fluoride removal rate of 80.9% with 10 mg/L initial fluoride concentration, and the optimal pH range for adsorption was 3-10. X-ray fluorescence, scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses were conducted to analyze the microstructure and chemical properties of sludge, unmodified activated carbon (AC) and AC-La. The results showed that with initial lanthanum dosage of 15 wt%, the final loading amount of La in AC-La was 13.8 wt%. After modification, the specific surface area of AC-La increased from 1.8 m2/g (sludge) to 133.0 m2/g. The removal mechanism of fluoride onto AC-La was mainly the inner-sphere complexation between lanthanum and fluoride, facilitated by exchange interaction with hydroxyls. A stability study showed that AC-La maintained a quite small dissolution and was safe in waters (La dissolution rate < 0.2‰).


Assuntos
Lantânio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Adsorção , Carvão Vegetal , Cinética , Esgotos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
14.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(13): 1897-1908, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788868

RESUMO

Retinal dehydrogenase 5 (RDH5) is an important enzyme in the visual cycle. Several studies have reported that the RDH family may play crucial roles in tumor prognosis. However, the role of RDH5 in tumor prognosis is still unclear. We examined the mRNA level of RDH5 by using q-PCR in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and adjacent non-cancerous tissues. The proliferation rate of HCC cells was detected by MTS assay, and the invasive ability was examined by transwell and scratch wound assays. The YAP protein localization and expression were visualized by immunofluorescence in two different cell lines. CpG islands in the promoter region were predicted by using the methprimer database. Clinical characteristics of a patient cohort data came from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. RDH5 was significantly downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues, and low RDH5 expression was associated with metastasis and poor patient prognosis. Functional assays revealed that the RDH5 promoter is methylated in HCC cell lines. Moreover, overexpressing RDH5 can suppress metastasis by reversing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process, and RDH5 also inhibits cell proliferation in HCC cell lines. Furthermore, suppressing RDH5 can activate the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway and promote the nuclear translocation of YAP. Clinical data demonstrated that RDH5 is an independent prognostic factor in HCC. In our study, we provided the first evidence that RDH5 plays a crucial role in suppressing proliferation and metastasis, and the RDH5 promoter is methylated in hepatocellular carcinoma. And as an important regulator, RDH5 can suppress the Hippo/YAP signaling pathway. Taken together, it revealed that RDH5 might be a potential therapeutic target in HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Retinal Desidrogenase/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
15.
Arch Pharm Res ; 43(7): 744-754, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715385

RESUMO

Ganoderic Acid A (GA) has many pharmacological effects such as anti-tumor, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and immunosuppressive effects. However, the protective effect of GA on liver injury has not been reported. This study aimed to investigate the action of GA on insufficient methionine and choline combined with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in rats. NAFLD model was established by insufficient methionine and choline combined with high fat feeding to rats. The levels of Acetyl-CoA carboxylase, fatty acid synthase, sterol regulatory element binding protein, liver X receptors, AMP-activated protein kinase, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α, PPARg coactivator 1α and NF-κB pathway in the liver were detected by western blot. The results of this study demonstrated that the expression of GA can not only significantly decrease the live weight and liver weight per body weight of HFD mice, but also restore the alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin levels, triglyceride and cholesterol in serum. In addition, the expression of GA increased the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in serum, ameliorated pathological changes and decreased NAS score of mice's liver. In conclusion, the treatment with GA could improve NAFLD in rats by regulating the levels of signaling events involved in free fatty acid production, lipid oxidation and liver inflammation.


Assuntos
Ácidos Heptanoicos/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Lanosterol/análogos & derivados , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Citocinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ácidos Heptanoicos/administração & dosagem , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Lanosterol/administração & dosagem , Lanosterol/farmacologia , Masculino , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/induzido quimicamente , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
J Pain Res ; 13: 997-1005, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494188

RESUMO

Purpose: Continuous femoral nerve block (cFNB) is effective for analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, it is not clear which low-dose regimen of ropivacaine infusion for cFNB provides adequate analgesia and enables rapid recovery. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of different cFNB regimens on rehabilitation of patients after TKA. Patients and Methods: Sixty patients scheduled for TKA were enrolled in this trial. After surgery, patients in the 0.1%, 0.15%, and 0.2% groups received infusion of 10 mL of 0.1%, 6.7 mL of 0.15%, and 5 mL of 0.2% ropivacaine per hour, respectively (n=20), at the dose of 10 mg/h for 48 h. The primary endpoint was time to readiness for discharge. The secondary endpoints were time to first walk, manual muscle testing (MMT) scores, numerical rating scale (NRS) scores at rest and movement, morphine consumption, rescue analgesia, and the incidence of adverse events. Results: The time to readiness for discharge and the time to first walk of the 0.1% group were significantly longer than that of the 0.15% and 0.2% groups. MMT scores of the 0.2% group at 18 h after surgery were significantly lower than those of the 0.1% group. MMT scores of the 0.2% group at 24 and 48 h after surgery were also significantly lower than those of the 0.1% and 0.15% groups. NRS scores at rest and at movement in the 0.1% group were significantly higher than those in the 0.15% and 0.2% groups. Conclusion: Patients administered the regimens of 0.15% and 0.2% ropivacaine infusion for cFNB were ready for discharge earlier than the 0.1% group after TKA, at the dose of 10 mg/h for 48 h. The regimen of 0.15% ropivacaine, which is associated with less quadriceps muscle strength weakness than 0.2%, is recommended for postoperative analgesia after TKA.

17.
Acta Biomater ; 111: 398-405, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434078

RESUMO

Recently, organic dyes with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) have attracted much attention in bioimaging and diagnostics. Relatively, the application of traditional dyes has diminished because of aggregation-caused quenching (ACQ). In this work, we compare the imaging ability of nanoparticle formulations of these two kinds of dyes. Boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) was chosen as a representative of the ACQ dyes, and an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) dye BPMT was used for comparison. BODIPY and BPMT were entrapped into PEG5k-PLA10k to form BODIPY-loaded NPs (BNPs) and BPMT-loaded NPs (ANPs), respectively. In vivo and ex vivo imaging demonstrated that BNP1 with ultralow BODIPY load (0.07%) can effectively accumulate in tumor tissues and enable long-term noninvasive imaging. In contrast, ANP4 with high BPMT load (1.6%) has poor bioimaging ability. In general, our work has certain reference significance for the application of ACQ dyes and AIEgens in bioimaging, diagnostics, and theranostics. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: In this work, Boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) was chosen as a representative of ACQ dyes. As a control, (Z)-2-(4'-(9H-carbazol-9-yl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)-3-(7-(4-(bis(4methoxyphenyl)amino) phenyl) benzo[c] [1,2,5] thiadiazol-4-yl) acrylonitrile (BPMT) was selected as an aggregation-induced emission (AIE) dye. BODIPY and BPMT was entrapped into PEG5k-PLA10k to form BODIPY-loaded NPs (BNPs) and BPMT-loaded NPs (ANPs), respectively. In vivo and ex vivo imaging demonstrated that BNP1 with ultralow BODIPY load (0.07%) can effectively accumulate in tumor tissues and realize long-term noninvasive imaging. The weaknesses of ACQ effect can be converted into advantages by skillful use of nanotechnology, which can not only save the cost but also realize high efficiency targeted cancer imaging.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Composição de Medicamentos , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Imagem Óptica
18.
Nanotechnology ; 31(35): 355201, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32408277

RESUMO

TiO2 nanowires with high transparency and good ion storage capacity were explored as the charge-balancing layers for assembling electrochromic devices (ECDs). Increase thickness of TiO2 nanowires layer lowers the driving potential of the entire ECDs accompanied with reduced potential at the EC layer electrode, which further leads to decreased optical contrast and switching speed of the ECDs. Meanwhile, it can be found that the EC layer electrodes possess larger charge densities than those of TiO2 nanowire electrodes during the electrochemical redox process of these ECDs. However, the intrinsic injection and extraction charge densities of each single electrode are similar, which appears that the intrinsic charge balance of EC layer and TiO2 nanowires electrodes play more important role in the cycling stability of the ECDs. ECD with an optimum thickness of the TiO2 nanowires layer exhibits good electrochromic properties in term of high optical contrast (∼45%), fast switching speed (3.23 s) and excellent cycling stability (which has nearly no decay after 5000 cycles). This study explores the effects of thickness of TiO2 Nanowires layer on electrode potentials and electrochromic properties of electrochromic devices (ECDs), providing a potentially new direction for the preparation of ECDs with good integrated performance.

19.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 84: 106543, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32353688

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of GanodericacidA (GA) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MIR) injury. The myocardial injury model in rats was established by ligating left anterior descending coronary artery. We measured cardiac hemodynamic, antioxidant enzyme activity, and various biochemical indexes of myocardial tissue, and evaluated myocardial infarction and damage. Further, the expression of JAK2/STAT3/NF-κB signaling pathway-related proteins in myocardial tissue was measured by western blot. The results showed that the myocardial infarction extention was obviously reduced upon GA treatment. Compared with the control group, ischemia-reperfusion rats showed significant increase in lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine Kinase (CK), which were significantly decreased in GA group. Besides, GA pretreatment effectively decreased the levels of inflammatory cytokines in serum. The phosphorylation of Janus Kinase 2 (JAK2), signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3)and Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in reperfusion group were significantly higher than that in control group, which were reversed upon GA treatment. In conclusion, GA may reduce myocardial injury by regulating JAK2/STAT3/NF-κB pathway.


Assuntos
Ácidos Heptanoicos/uso terapêutico , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Lanosterol/análogos & derivados , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Citocinas/sangue , Ácidos Heptanoicos/farmacologia , Lanosterol/farmacologia , Lanosterol/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/sangue , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
20.
Front Oncol ; 10: 305, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32269963

RESUMO

Objective: Explore the mechanism of CaSR's involvement in bone metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detect the expression of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in 120 cases of lung adenocarcinoma with bone metastasis. Stably transfected cell lines with CaSR overexpression and knockdown based on A549 cells were constructed. The expression of CaSR was verified by western blot and qPCR. The proliferation and migration abilities of A549 cells were tested using cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) and Transwell assays, respectively. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of matrix metalloproteinases MMP2, MMP9, CaSR, and NF-κB. The supernatant from each cell culture group was collected as a conditional co-culture solution to study the induction of osteoclast precursor cells and osteoblasts. Western blot and qPCR were used to validate the expression of bone matrix degradation-related enzymes cathepsin K and hormone calcitonin receptor (CTR) and osteoblast-induced osteoclast maturation and differentiation enzyme receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and PTHrP. Immunofluorescent staining was used to detect F-actin ring formation and osteocalcin expression. Western blot results for NF-κB expression identified a regulatory relationship between NF-κB and CaSR. Results: CaSR expression in lung cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent and normal lung tissues. The expression of CaSR in lung cancer tissues with bone metastasis was higher than that in non-metastatic lung cancer tissues. The proliferation and migration ability of A549 cells increased significantly with overexpressed CaSR. The co-culture solution directly induced osteoclast precursor cells and the expression of bone matrix degradation-related enzymes significantly increased. Osteoblasts were significantly inhibited and osteoblast-induced osteoclast maturation and differentiation enzymes were significantly downregulated. It was found that the expression of NF-κB and PTHrP increased when CaSR was overexpressed. Osteoclast differentiation factor expression was also significantly increased, which directly induces osteoclast differentiation and maturation. These results were reversed when CaSR was knocked down. Conclusions: CaSR can positively regulate NF-κB and PTHrP expression in A549 cells with a high metastatic potential, thereby promoting osteoclast differentiation and maturation, and facilitating the occurrence and development of bone metastasis in lung adenocarcinoma.

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