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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790735

RESUMO

A low-cost, environment-friendly sodium alginate-meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid hybrid aerogel (SA-DMSA) was synthesized by simple chemical grafting and vacuum freeze-drying method and used to remove heavy metal ions in wastewater. The as-prepared SA-DMSA showed high affinity for heavy metal ions, such as Pb2+, Cd2+, Cu2+, Cr3+, and Co2+, and can remove >90% of the metal ions from the corresponding solution. SA-DMSA also exhibited high selectivity to Pb2+ and Cd2+, and the maximum adsorption capacities for Pb2+ and Cd2+ reached 116.4 and 91.2 mg/g, respectively. The SA-DMSA adsorbent can be regenerated by a simple one-step acid washing, and the adsorption performance remained stable after repeated use. Given its low-cost and easy-to-obtain raw materials, simple preparation process, and simple regeneration process of the adsorbent, SA-DMSA has broad application prospects in the treatment of low-concentration heavy metal ions, especially for wastewater containing Pb2+ and Cd2+.

2.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 40(23): e1900394, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702099

RESUMO

Diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP)-based copolymers have received considerable attention as promising semiconducting materials for high-performance organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs). However, these polymers typically exhibit p-type or ambipolar charge-transporting characteristics in OTFTs due to their high-lying highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy levels. In this work, a new series of DPP-based n-type polymers have been developed by incorporating fused bithiophene imide oligomers (BTIn) into DPP polymers. The resulting copolymers BTIn-DPP show narrow band gaps as low as 1.27 eV and gradually down-shifted frontier molecular orbital energy levels upon the increment of imide group number. Benefiting from the coplanar backbone conformation, well-delocalized π-system, and favorable polymer chain packing, the optimal polymer in the series shows promising n-type charge transport with an electron mobility up to 0.48 cm2 V-1 s-1 in OTFTs, which is among the highest values for the DPP-based n-type polymers reported to date. The results demonstrate that incorporating fused bithiophene imide oligomers into polymers can serve as a promising strategy for constructing high-performance n-type polymeric semiconductors.

3.
Dalton Trans ; 48(47): 17516-17523, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746879

RESUMO

Rechargeable Mg batteries are considered as low-cost and reliable candidates for efficient energy storage, but their development is blocked by the lack of suitable cathode materials. In this work, Sb2Se3 nanowires and Bi2Se3 nanosheets are fabricated by facile one-step hydrothermal methods and their Mg-storage performances are systematically investigated. The results show that the Bi2Se3 nanosheets with stable hierarchical 2D structure exhibit a better performance. Because of its thin nanosheet structure, Bi2Se3 provides a high Mg-storage capacity of 144 mA h g-1 and a remarkable rate capability with 65 mA h g-1 delivered at 1000 mA g-1. Bi2Se3 also exhibits an outstanding cyclability over 350 cycles owing to its hierarchical structure. Furthermore, this study reveals that the electrochemical charge/discharge cycling is a typical conversion reaction occurring between Bi3+ and metallic Bi0. Kinetic investigation suggests that the high performance of Bi2Se3 is attributed to both its intrinsic nature and its thin nanosheet structure facilitating solid-state Mg2+ diffusion. The present work highlights the selection principle of conversion cathodes for rechargeable Mg batteries, namely matching a soft anion with a quasi-soft metal cation. Moreover, the facile synthesis approach is also used for low-dimensional main-group VI metal chalcogenides to improve the Mg-storage performance.

4.
Genome Res ; 29(12): 1974-1984, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740578

RESUMO

Cryptic transcription is widespread and generates a heterogeneous group of RNA molecules of unknown function. To improve our understanding of cryptic transcription, we investigated their transcription start site (TSS) usage, chromatin organization, and posttranscriptional consequences in Saccharomyces cerevisiae We show that TSSs of chromatin-sensitive internal cryptic transcripts retain comparable features of canonical TSSs in terms of DNA sequence, directionality, and chromatin accessibility. We define the 5' and 3' boundaries of cryptic transcripts and show that, contrary to RNA degradation-sensitive ones, they often overlap with the end of the gene, thereby using the canonical polyadenylation site, and associate to polyribosomes. We show that chromatin-sensitive cryptic transcripts can be recognized by ribosomes and may produce truncated polypeptides from downstream, in-frame start codons. Finally, we confirm the presence of the predicted polypeptides by reanalyzing N-terminal proteomic data sets. Our work suggests that a fraction of chromatin-sensitive internal cryptic promoters initiates the transcription of alternative truncated mRNA isoforms. The expression of these chromatin-sensitive isoforms is conserved from yeast to human, expanding the functional consequences of cryptic transcription and proteome complexity.

5.
Food Sci Technol Int ; : 1082013219883054, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726872

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to reveal the mechanism of preparing high quality modified starch by ultrasonic technology. In this paper, ultrasonic modified starch and octenyl succinic anhydride modified starch with low degree of substitution were prepared under ultrasonic conditions, using sweet potato starch as raw material. The effects of ultrasound on the structure and properties of native sweet potato starch were studied to see whether ultrasound could produce mechanochemical effect on starch. Then the mechanism of ultrasonic effect on quality of octenyl succinic anhydride modified starch was studied by mechanochemical effect. The results showed that after ultrasonic treatment for 1 min, the crystallinity decreased from 37.6 to 33.8% and reaction efficiency increased from 49.43 to 54.39%, while after ultrasonic treatments for 8 and 32-60 min had different changes. These changes showed that ultrasonic treatment produced significant mechanochemical effect on native sweet potato starch. Ultrasound significantly improved the quality of octenyl succinic anhydride modified starch, and its influence mechanism was revealed using the theory of mechanochemistry. This study provides a feasible method for the research of high quality modified starch and lays a theoretical foundation for expanding the application of ultrasound in various fields.

6.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776532

RESUMO

CoSe2 materials with different nanostructures are used as pseudocapacitive Mg-storage cathodes, which exhibit fast solid-state Mg2+ ions diffusion kinetics. In this work, CoSe2 with different nanostructures including hollow microspheres (H-CoSe2), nano-polyhedra (P-CoSe2) and nanorods (R-CoSe2) are fabricated by using facile one-step hydrothermal methods, and used as pseudocapacitive electrodes for rechargeable Mg batteries. It is observed that R-CoSe2 exhibits the highest reversible capacity of 233 mA h g-1 at 50 mA g-1 and an excellent rate capability of 116 mA h g-1 at 500 mA g-1, ascribing to the 1D nanorod structure which facilitates the solid-state Mg2+ diffusion. Benefitting from the stable hierarchical structure, H-CoSe2 exhibits a superior long-term cycling stability of 350 cycles. A mechanism study indicates that the redox reaction reversibly occurs between CoSe2 and metallic Co0. Further investigation demonstrates that the fast solid-state Mg2+ diffusion kinetics and surface-controlled pseudocapacitive behavior enhance the electrochemical performance. This work highlights a novel and efficient Mg-storage strategy of using pseudocapacitive materials, and the performance and solid-state Mg2+ diffusion kinetics of CoSe2 could be optimized by rational structural tailoring.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619442

RESUMO

The Chinese natural product, berberine, has biological properties supporting potential efficacy as a colon cancer prevention agent. Its longstanding use in China to treat gastrointestinal tract and rheumatologic disorders is generally regarded as safe, supporting initial investigations in an at-risk population, such as individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC). However, the safety of berberine in this population is not established. Individuals living in China with biopsy-proven UC, ≤ grade 2 dysplasia, and with a UC disease activity index (UCDAI) score ≤ 1 on mesalamine, were randomized 3:1 in a double-blind phase I trial to berberine 900 mg/day or placebo for 3 months, with the primary objective of assessing safety. Blood samples and biopsies of the colorectum, from prespecified locations, were collected prior to and following therapy. Secondary endpoints included changes in UCDAI score, and in tissue and plasma markers of inflammation. Of toxicities at least possibly related, one episode of grade 3 elevation in transaminases and one episode of grade 1 nausea were observed among 12 individuals on berberine, and none were observed among 4 on placebo. The mean plasma berberine concentration was 3.5 nM after berberine treatment, significantly higher than 0.5 nM with placebo. Berberine significantly decreased the Geboes grade in colonic tissue, but had a nonsignificant effect on other tissue or blood biomarkers related to cell growth and inflammation. The combination of berberine and mesalamine is well tolerated in Chinese with UC, and may enhance mesalamine's anti-inflammatory effects in colonic tissue.

8.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; : 1-10, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661358

RESUMO

This study assessed whether antibiotics could alter gut microbiota to affect host growth and the possibility of alleviation by lactobacilli. We divided four-week-old BABL/c mice into control (Ctrl), antibiotic exposure (Abx), Lactobacillus plantarum PC-170 (PC), and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) group and the Abx, LGG, and PC group received an one-week antibiotic/antibiotic + probiotic treatment. The fecal microbiota and the expression of splenic cytokines were determined. Following the ceftriaxone treatment, the body weight gain of Abx was delayed compared with others. The ceftriaxone treatment significantly decreased the alpha-diversity of the fecal microbiota and altered the fecal microbiota but LGG and PC can partly alleviate the effect. At the end of the study, the microbial community of LGG and PC group were more similar to Ctrl compared with Abx group. The results indicated that ceftriaxone could significantly alter intestinal microbiota. Lactobacilli might alleviate the side effects of antibiotics by stabilizing the intestinal microbiota.

9.
J Cell Biol ; 218(12): 3998-4006, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658998

RESUMO

In response to stress conditions, autophagy activity in multicellular organisms is systemically modulated to ensure maintenance of cellular homeostasis at an organismal level. Very little is known about the intercellular signals that elicit the long-range organism-wide autophagy response. Here we showed that during Caenorhabditis elegans development, loss of cuticle annular furrow collagens elicits autophagy in the hypodermis, intestine, and muscle. The cilia of sensory neurons with cuticle-localized endings are essential for triggering this systemic response. The TGFß-like molecule DAF-7, which is secreted in part from a specific pair of ciliated neurons, acts as a systemic factor that activates a canonical TGFß signaling pathway in distant tissues to induce autophagy. We also showed that AAK-2/AMPK and the STAT-like protein STA-2 act differentially in different tissues for autophagy activation. Our study reveals a circuit that senses and transduces the signal from the damaged cuticle to activate systemic autophagy during animal development.

10.
Elife ; 82019 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663848

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cas systems are widely used to knock out genes by inducing indel mutations, which are prone to genetic compensation. Complex genome modifications such as knockin (KI) might bypass compensation, though difficult to practice due to low efficiency. Moreover, no 'two-in-one' KI strategy combining conditional knockout (CKO) with fluorescent gene-labeling or further allele-labeling has been reported. Here, we developed a dual-cassette-donor strategy and achieved one-step and efficient generation of dual-function KI alleles at tbx5a and kctd10 loci in zebrafish via targeted insertion. These alleles display fluorescent gene-tagging and CKO effects before and after Cre induction, respectively. By introducing a second fluorescent reporter, geno-tagging effects were achieved at tbx5a and sox10 loci, exhibiting CKO coupled with fluorescent reporter switch upon Cre induction, enabling tracing of three distinct genotypes. We found that LiCl purification of gRNA is critical for highly efficient KI, and preselection of founders allows the efficient germline recovery of KI events.

11.
J Clin Lab Anal ; 33(8): e22956, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nucleotide excision repair system removes a wide variety of DNA lesions from the human genome, and plays an important role in maintaining genomic stability. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in nucleotide excision repair are associated with the various forms of tumor susceptibility. However, the relationship between NER polymorphism and colorectal cancer is not clear. METHODS: In this study, three candidate SNPs including ERCC4 (rs6498486), ERCC1 (rs3212986), and ERCC5 (rs17655) were analyzed in 1101colorectal cancer patients and 1175 healthy control patients from Jiangsu province (China). Then, we performed Immunohistochemistry, qPCR, and luciferase assay to determine the potential mechanisms. RESULTS: The ERCC4 rs6498486 AC/CC genotypes show lower susceptibility to CRC than those carrying rs6498486 AA (Adjusted OR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.69-0.97). However, we did not observe any association between the colorectal cancer risk and the rs3212986(ERCC1) and rs17655(ERCC5) polymorphisms. Immunohistochemistry, qPCR, and luciferase assay revealed that rs6498486 A > C polymorphism in the ERCC4 promoter region could lessen the expression level of ERCC4 by impacting the binding ability of the transcription factor NF-kB, thereby affecting the transcription activity of the ERCC4 gene and decreased ERCC4 gene expression. CONCLUSION: In brief, our finding demonstrated that ERCC4 rs6498486 serves as a potential biomarker of CRC susceptibility for the development of colorectal cancer.

12.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(36): 20269-20275, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490519

RESUMO

Mg-M (M = Li, Na and K) dual-metal-ion batteries featuring a dendrite-free Mg anode and an alkali-metal-ion storage cathode are promising safe energy storage systems. However, the compatibility between cathode materials and insertion cations might largely limit the electrochemical performance of the cathodes. In this work, three types of Mg-M (M = Li, Na and K) dual-metal-ion batteries are constructed with a Berlin green (FeFe(CN)6) cathode. The FeFe(CN)6 cathode is compatible with the dual-salt Mg2+/M+ (M = Li, Na and K) electrolytes, and delivers a high reversible capacity of 120 mA h g-1 at 50 mA g-1, with no capacity fading over 50 cycles in Mg-Na batteries. The Mg-Na battery also shows an outstanding rate capability, providing 85 mA h g-1 at 1000 mA g-1 and superior long-term cyclability over 800 cycles. The electrochemical performance comparison between Mg-Li, Mg-Na and Mg-K dual-metal-ion batteries demonstrates the significance of the appropriate hydrated ionic radius and dehydrated ionic radius for the insertion of cations with the FeFe(CN)6 cathode. This work provides new design strategies for stable and high energy density cathodes, and opens a new avenue for building safe and high-performance Mg-M (M = Li, Na and K) dual-metal-ion batteries for practical applications.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(39): 35924-35934, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525945

RESUMO

Imide functionalization is one of the most effective approaches to develop electron-deficient building blocks for constructing n-type organic semiconductors. Driven by the attractive properties of imide-functionalized dithienylbenzodiimide (TBDI) and the promising device performance of TBDI-based polymers, a novel acceptor with increased electron affinity, fluorinated dithienylbenzodiimide (TFBDI), was designed with the hydrogen replaced by fluorine on the benzene core, and the synthetic challenges associated with this highly electron-deficient fluorinated imide building block are successfully overcome. TFBDI showed suppressed frontier molecular orbital energy levels as compared with TBDI. Copolymerizing this new electron-withdrawing TBDI with various donor co-units afforded a series of n-type polymer semiconductors TFBDI-T, TFBDI-Se, and TFBDI-BSe. All these TFBDI-based polymers exhibited a lower-lying lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) energy level than the polymer analogue without fluorine. When applied in organic thin-film transistors, three polymers showed unipolar electron transport with large on-current/off-current ratios (Ion/Ioff) of 105-107. Among them, the selenophene-based polymer TFBDI-Se with the deepest-positioned LUMO and optimal chain stacking exhibited the highest electron mobility of 0.30 cm2 V-1 s-1. This result demonstrates that the new TFBDI is a highly attractive electron-deficient unit for enabling n-type polymer semiconductors, and the fluorination of imide-functionalized arenes offers an effective approach to develop more electron-deficient building blocks in organic electronics.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 48(38): 14390-14397, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508626

RESUMO

Rechargeable Mg batteries are promising candidates for highly safe, large-scale energy storage batteries due to the low-cost and non-dendritic metallic Mg anode. However, exploring high-performance cathodes remains a great challenge blocking their development. Herein, a rechargeable Mg battery is established with a Ag2S conversion cathode, providing a highly reversible capacity of 120 mA h g-1 at 50 mA g-1, a superior rate capability of 70 mA h g-1 at 500 mA g-1, and an outstanding long-term cyclability over 400 cycles. The mechanism was investigated using XRD, TEM and XPS in addition to electrochemical measurements, and indicated a two-stage magnesiation: first, Mg2+ intercalation into Ag2S and then a conversion reaction to form metallic Ag0 and MgS. The solid-state Mg2+ diffusion coefficients are as high as 3.6 × 10-9 and 3.1 × 10-10 cm2 s-1 for the intercalation and conversion reactions, respectively, which explains the high performance of the Ag2S cathode. This work provides scientific insights for the selection of a promising conversion cathode by the combination of soft anions and soft transition metal cations.

15.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 3854-3861, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556327

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to analyse the expression status of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and to unravel its oncogenic properties at molecular level. The abundance of H19, let-7a, b, g, i and HRAS was quantified by real-time PCR. Cell viability was measured by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide method. Cell proliferation was evaluated by the cell counting. Cell migration and cell invasion were determined using transwell chamber and scattering colony formation. Tumour progression was monitored in xenograft tumour model and tail vein injection was adopted for lung metastasis assessment. Luciferase reporter assay was employed to interrogate the potential regulatory action of let-7 genes on H19 expression. The endogenous HRAS protein was quantified by western blotting. H19 was aberrantly over-expression in nasopharyngeal carcinoma, which intimately associated with poorer prognosis. H19-deficency significantly inhibited cell viability and suppressed cell proliferation. Furthermore, both migrative and invasive capacity were compromised by H19 knockdown. H19-silencing remarkably delayed xenograft tumour progression and lung metastasis. Mechanistically, H19 competitively sponged let-7 genes and therefore up-regulated HRAS, which consequently contributed to its oncogenic activity in nasopharyngeal carcinomas. Our study uncovered the oncogenic properties of H19 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma and highlighted the H19-let-7-HRAS signalling axis underlying the incidence and metastasis of this disease.

16.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 194: 105418, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376461

RESUMO

Granulosa cell tumors of the ovary (GCTs) are the predominant form of ovarian stromal tumors and can lead to abnormally secreted estrogen hormones. Studies have reported that forkhead transcription factor 2 (FOXL2) inhibits estrogen synthesis and its gene mutation can lead to GCTs. We unexpected found that estrogen also regulates the expression level of FOXL2. High-dose estrogen increased the expression of FOXL2 in ovarian-like granulosa (KGN) cells at both the mRNA and protein levels. However, no research has reported on the molecular regulatory mechanism and function between estrogen and FOXL2 in the development of GCTs. In this research, FOXL2 was highly expressed in KGN cells and ovarian stromal tumor tissues. Deletion of FOXL2 increased the estrogen secretion in KGN cells. In turn, high-dose estrogen increased the FOXL2 expression levels. FOXL2 was phosphorylated by GPR30 (G protein coupled receptor)-Protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway upon estrogen stimulation. Estrogen inhibited cell migration and proliferation, while promoting cell apoptosis. Deletion of FOXL2 inhibited the influence of estrogen on cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis. Results suggest that estrogen via regulating FOXL2 suppresses cell proliferation and induces cell apoptosis.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385379

RESUMO

Genetic interaction has been recognized to be an important cause of the missing heritability. The topologically associating domain (TAD) is a self-interacting genomic region, and the DNA sequences within a TAD physically interact with each other more frequently. Sex differences influence cancer susceptibility at the genetic level. Here, we performed both regular and sex-specific genetic interaction analyses within TAD to identify susceptibility genes for lung cancer in 5204 lung cancer patients and 7389 controls. We found that one SNP pair, rs4262299-rs1654701, was associated with lung cancer in women after multiple testing corrections (combined P = 8.52 × 10-9 ). Single-SNP analyses did not detect significant association signals for these two SNPs. Both identified SNPs are located in the intron region of ANGPT1. We further found that 5% of nonsmall cell lung cancer patients have an alteration in ANGPT1, indicated the potential role of ANGPT1 in the neoplastic progression in lung cancer. The expression of ANGPT1 was significantly down-regulated in patients in lung squamous cell carcinoma and lung adenocarcinoma. We checked the interaction effect on the ANGPT1 expression and lung cancer and found that the minor allele "G" of rs1654701 increased ANGPT1 gene expression and decreased lung cancer risk with the increased dosage of "A" of rs4262299, which consistent with the tumor suppressor function of ANGPT1. Survival analyses found that the high expression of ANGPT1 was individually associated with a higher survival probability in lung cancer patients. In summary, our results suggest that ANGPT1 may be a novel tumor suppressor gene for lung cancer.

18.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(9): 633, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439830

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

19.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 24: 55, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462898

RESUMO

Background: Hypoxia, a major condition associated with the tumor microenvironment, stimulates the migration of cancer cells. SOX2 is a powerful transcription factor that shows higher expression in several cancers, however, its role in hypoxia-induced breast cancer cell migration remains largely elusive. Methods: The human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 were cultured under hypoxic conditions. The cell migration rate was determined using the wound-healing and transwell assays. The protein levels of SOX2, NEDD9 and HIF-1α were evaluated via western blotting analysis. The NEDD9 mRNA levels were evaluated using qPCR. The activation of Rac1 was detected with the pulldown assay. The binding of SOX2 to the NEDD9 promoter was checked using the luciferase reporter assay. We also transfected breast cancer cells with specific siRNA for SOX2, NEDD9 or the Rac1 inactive mutant (T17 N) to investigate the role of SOX2, NEDD9 and Rac1 in the response to hypoxia. Results: Hypoxia markedly increased SOX2 protein levels in a time-dependent manner. SiRNA-mediated disruption of SOX2 inhibited cell migration under hypoxic conditions. Hypoxia also significantly augmented the NEDD9 mRNA and protein levels. Interestingly, SOX2 is a positive transcriptional regulator of NEDD9. Knockdown of SOX2 inhibited hypoxia-induced NEDD9 mRNA and protein expressions. Furthermore, hypoxia-induced upregulation of Rac1 activity and HIF-1α expression was attenuated by SOX2 or NEDD9 silencing, and Rac1-T17 N abolished HIF-1α expression as well as cell migration in cells subjected to hypoxia. Conclusions: Our results highlight the essential role of SOX2 in breast cancer cell motility. The upregulation of SOX2 under hypoxic conditions may facilitate NEDD9 transcription and expression, and subsequent activation of Rac1 and HIF-1α expression. This could accelerate breast cancer cell migration.

20.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 142: 111547, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387025

RESUMO

Glucose sensing is of vital importance due to the growing number of diabetes. In this study, we developed a visual detecting approach for glucose sensing based on a smart hydrogel system, by assembling of a photo-crosslinkable hydrogel and a pH-responsive nanogel, respectively. The hydrogel system showed fast response and high sensitivity to glucose in the physiological ranges, and enabled a visual detection of glucose both in vitro in glucose solutions and in vivo in diabetic mouse models. In normoglycemic state, the hydrogels showed large swelling, resulting in a large shape but with weak color or fluorescence intensity of the hydrogels. In hyperglycemic state, the hydrogels exhibited less swelling, resulting in a small shape but with strong color or fluorescence intensity of the hydrogels. Based on the observation of the size change and intensity change of the hydrogels, we can visual the glucose levels by either colorimetry or fluorescence imaging. This hydrogel system provides a novel means for visual detection of glucose. Our study broadens the current applications of hydrogels, extending their potentials in clinical diagnosis of diabetes or glucose-related analysis.

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